CN110029679A - Promote the method on slip mass classification landslide using active mode - Google Patents

Promote the method on slip mass classification landslide using active mode Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110029679A
CN110029679A CN201910350917.7A CN201910350917A CN110029679A CN 110029679 A CN110029679 A CN 110029679A CN 201910350917 A CN201910350917 A CN 201910350917A CN 110029679 A CN110029679 A CN 110029679A
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China
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landslide
slide
slide strips
hole
slip mass
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CN110029679B (en
Inventor
刘杰
谢晓康
张格榕
丁科元
李洪亚
唐洪宇
高素芳
张瀚
李远航
何卓文
孙涛
黎照
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China Three Gorges University CTGU
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China Three Gorges University CTGU
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Priority to CN201910350917.7A priority Critical patent/CN110029679B/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D17/00Excavations; Bordering of excavations; Making embankments
    • E02D17/20Securing of slopes or inclines
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D3/00Improving or preserving soil or rock, e.g. preserving permafrost soil
    • E02D3/02Improving by compacting
    • E02D3/10Improving by compacting by watering, draining, de-aerating or blasting, e.g. by installing sand or wick drains

Abstract

A method of slip mass classification landslide being promoted using active mode, method includes the following steps: step 1: determining landslide each section position;Step 2: dividing tape handling: slip mass is divided into along sliding direction by a plurality of slide strips body according to the scale of construction size of slip mass on slide bed;Step 3: drilling through hole;Step 4: promote edge slide strips body to slip away: the hole that step 3 is drilled through using microexplosion induction, water it is quick-fried induce, smear foaming agent induces, high-pressure gas injection induces, it is contactless one of induce or a variety of combinations, promote edge slide strips body to slip away slide bed;Step 5: repeating the above steps 4, each adjacent slide strips body is promoted to slip away one by one slide bed.The method provided by the invention for promoting slip mass classification landslide using active mode, can solve the problem of existing control method can not eliminate security risk existing for potential slip mass, be eliminated safe hidden trouble in time by being classified induced landslide.

Description

Promote the method on slip mass classification landslide using active mode
Technical field
It is especially a kind of to promote slip mass classification to slide using active mode the present invention relates to slopes security protection prevention and control field The method on slope.
Background technique
Landslide would generally pound and bury house, injures and deaths people and animals, damage field, destroy factory, school, road, water conservancy and hydropower facility, Entire cities and towns etc. are even destroyed, and because has a power failure caused by landslide, cuts off the water, stops work, the operating of necessary facility.Thus directly and Indirect bring personnel sacrifice, property loss is immeasurable.
Common preventing land slide is prevention and Earthquake occurrence control, reduces precipitation etc..Drawn other than gliding mass by intercepting with other Surface water, the underground water for collecting and dredging in gliding mass change slope mechanical equilibrium condition, such as reduce surface slope, top of the slope loss of weight returns Slope foot is filled in, when necessary in the engineering prevention and controls such as slope foot or other suitable positions setting retaining wall, friction pile or anchoring.On slope Retaining wall, the engineering prevention and controls such as friction pile or anchoring are arranged in foot or other suitable positions, or change slope rock and soil properties.Such as The methods of grouting, drainage by electroosmosis, electrochemical stabilization, increase slope vegetation prevent landslide, but preventing land slide is processed Several factors fail to predict in journey, has limitation, cannot preferably reduce the generation of harm and the waste of respective resources, prevent The slip mass controlled still has huge safety and implies, and brings great inconvenience to traffic, life etc..For example, near city, Shuifu County The landslide in mountain area needs more unit monitorings, is handled, waste a large amount of manpowers since landslide is in avalanche state is on the verge of In addition its lower edge area is important traffic main artery to material resources, has a large amount of vehicles to pass through for a long time, there are security risks and circuit etc. The problem of, when electric pole is arranged, needs to rebuild, waste a large amount of human and material resources.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by the invention is to provide a kind of sides for promoting slip mass classification landslide using active mode Method can solve the problem of existing control method can not eliminate security risk existing for potential slip mass, is induced and is slided by classification Slope eliminates safe hidden trouble in time, ensures the safe handling of necessary facility, greatly reduces the monitoring bring wasting of resources;It reduces Casualties, infrastructure paralysis, property loss caused by the sliding suddenly of a large amount of landslides etc., and can be to the type on landslide, property Matter carries out that suitable method is taken to carry out induced landslide after suitably judging, substantially reduces construction cost.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is that: it is a kind of to promote to come down using active mode The method on body classification landslide, method includes the following steps:
Step 1: determining landslide each section position: the landslide leading edge of slip mass on slide bed, found by observing to calculate Landslide rear drawing crack face is found by observing to calculate in the rear acies of slip mass in the position of landslide toe anti-slide mass on anti-sliding belt Position, then the position for determining landslide surface is explored by observation;
Step 2: dividing tape handling: being divided into slip mass along sliding direction according to the scale of construction size of slip mass on slide bed a plurality of Slide strips body, slide strips body are made of edge slide strips body and adjacent slide strips body, and point band only distinguishes different cunnings on the surface of slip mass Band body, it is convenient for boring positioning, the inside soil body of each slide strips body is not disturbed;
Step 3: drilling through hole: in the landslide leading edge of slip mass, landslide toe anti-slide mass, landslide rear drawing crack face, landslide surface Position nearby drills through multiple holes;
Step 4: promote edge slide strips body to slip away: the geological conditions of observation edge slide strips body, property determine edge slide strips body Applicable induction method is induced the hole that step 3 drills through using microexplosion induction, the quick-fried induction of water, smearing foaming agent, high-pressure gas injection Induce, it is contactless one of induce or a variety of combinations, promote edge slide strips body to slip away slide bed;
Step 5: repeating the above steps 4, observe the geological conditions of adjacent landslide band, property determines that adjacent slide strips were applicable in lures Forwarding method is induced the hole that step 3 drills through using microexplosion induction, the quick-fried induction of water, the induction of smearing foaming agent, high-pressure gas injection, is non- Contact one of induces or a variety of combinations, and each adjacent slide strips body is promoted to slip away one by one slide bed.
In step 3, at least 2 are drilled through at the slide strips landslide toe anti-slide mass of each slide strips body and drains into few 2 column holes, in each slide strips The landslide rear drawing crack face of body nearby drills through at least 2 and drains into few 2 column holes;A round hole is drilled through near landslide surface position.
Spacing between two holes is 30~150cm.
Hole is one or both of vertical holes, inclined hole
Or
The combination of one or both of vertical holes, inclined hole and transverse holes.
Microexplosion in step 4 induces method are as follows: explosive is fitted into each hole, is shaken by porous ignition charge bring The excess pore water pressure for promoting slide strips inside soil body to generate reduces shearing strength, and triggering sliding, in addition the effect of force of explosion causes The increase of earth's surface deformation and crack, reduces the mechanical strength index of native stone, causes the rising and runoff conditions of level of ground water Change, further induced landslide band landslide.
The quick-fried induction method of water in step 4 are as follows: the utricule of water is filled in implantation at each hole, and the setting of utricule water inlet is single It may only intake to film, air inlet, be unable to reverse drainage, exhaust, ignite the utricule for filling water, water is squeezed into landslide toe anti-slide mass 6 Slide strips body at, increase pore water pressure and flowing pressure to reach, achieve the effect that softening, make slide strips using porous burst point Native rock layers saturation on body, or even the ponding on the water barrier of slide strips body lower part, increase the weight of slide strips body, reduce native rock layers Shearing strength, while when its explosion bring shake, cause slide strips body glide, induced landslide band landslide.
Smearing foaming agent in step 4 induces method are as follows: is infused at each hole in landslide rear drawing crack face by pumping machine Enter high pressure water, and foaming agent is laid in landslide rear drawing crack face place, seals rear overfall, induced landslide band landslide.
High-pressure gas injection in step 4 induces method are as follows: injects the high pressure of different pressure using High Pressure Air Compressor at hole Gas softens leading edge anti-sliding belt or the rear drawing crack face of slide strips body, so that slide strips body is lost intensity and then the main body that slips away, induced landslide Band landslide.
Contactless induction method in step 4 are as follows: by supersonic non-contact instrument, at the toe anti-slide mass of landslide or Come down rear drawing crack face place transmitting ultrasonic wave, and the slide strips body after vibration, softening point band, induced landslide band comes down.
The method provided by the invention for being promoted slip mass classification landslide using active mode, is had the beneficial effect that:
1, the innovative a kind of method for proposing active induced landslide, it is potential by actively taking various induction methods to promote Slip mass slip away slide bed, become the passive monitoring of traditional approach, controlling mode proactive problem is that active, controllable mode are eliminated Problem eliminates potential security risk, ensure that the safety of life and property, ensure that the normal operation of necessary facility, band Carry out huge directly or indirectly benefit.
2, under the premise of actively promoting landslide, be put forward for the first time the theory on classification landslide, both to there are landslide trend compared with Big slip mass is divided into the lesser landslide band of several scale of constructions, then is respectively adopted and induces each method of the landslide with landslide, greatly reduces Primary active promotes the workload and difficulty on landslide, while the landslide of small volume is avoided to communal facility around and personnel Injury, has ensured the normal operation of routine work, facility, can really achieve the purpose that safely controllable.
3, targetedly measure induced landslide can be taken, takes and is easiest to promote according to the property of different slide strips after point band The method on each slide strips body landslide, it is ensured that slip mass can slip away slide bed, and targetedly measure is taken on the one hand to greatly reduce Workload, improves feasibility at a possibility that on the other hand increasing landslide.
4, for hole by the way of vertical holes, inclined hole, transverse holes, drilling device is simple, easy to operate;Vertical drilling hole operation Simply, the plenty of time can be saved, inclined hole can increase the sphere of action of induction method, and it reduces and excavates workload, when using transverse holes, Each effect for inducing method is directly effective;The combining form of hole, strong flexibility can be arbitrarily chosen when operation according to site condition.
5, the present invention drills through hole according to the effectively sphere of action setting of each induction method, and adjacent holes are arranged in most beneficial Sphere of action within;It avoids and drills through extra hole, wasting manpower and material resources, while ensure that the slip mass induced in range By certain active force, feasibility of the invention is further increased.
6, one of induction method microexplosion method in the present invention, the drill hole filling in the landslide anti-skid key position of toe of slide strips are a small amount of Explosive, apparatus to cause bursting are latency device or remote control equipment;The impact of ignition charge bring and vibration increase the super of slip mass Pore water pressure reduces slip mass effective stress, promotes the softening of landslide surface, slip mass is promoted to slip away.Connection simultaneously is prolonged When equipment or remote control, it is ensured that personnel, equipment safety are ignited again after withdrawing, and can guarantee the safety of operator, control landslide Time.
7, innovatively propose that high-pressure gas injection method is injected high pressure gas by the output end of air compressor machine and side-wall hole Into slip mass, reduce landslide surface coefficient of friction, increase the pore water pressure in slip mass, the shearing resistance for reducing slip mass is strong Degree, (P=Pwe+Ps, P is additonal pressure suffered by the soil body, PweThe pressure born for water has additonal pressure to draw as neutral pressure The neutral pressure risen is known as excess pore water pressure, PsThe partial pressure born for soil body grain skeleton becomes effective pressure, super hole The presence of gap water pressure, it is clear that making the shearing strength of the soil body reduces: S=(σs-Pwe) tan φ+c, S be shearing strength, σsFor soil Body section effective normal stress), the property for making full use of the landslide soil body intrinsic achievees the purpose that landslide, largely reduces workload, side Method is novel, simple possible.
8, induction method-quick-fried method of water is creatively proposed, by injecting high pressure water, utricule explosion into landslide surface utricule When, water is rapidly pressed into the landslide surface soil body, and the sliding effect that helps on the one hand is played by the impact force of moment, and another aspect water is soft Change slip mass, lubricates landslide surface;It makes full use of water to " harm " property on landslide, becomes evil as benefit, and water is near slip mass Be it is extremely abundant, draw materials extremely convenient, improve the feasibility of this method, reduce work difficulty.
9, it is put forward for the first time contactless instrument induced landslide, sound wave is emitted by high-energy ultrasound, promotes leading edge slip mass It shakes, soften, liquefying, losing intensity, and then induced landslide (the method goes in calculus technology to realize in medical field ultrasonic wave, Released energy by acoustic wave vibrations), the parameters such as different frequencies, wavelength are taken to different geological conditions.The method passes through shake Body induced landslide body of breaking ground loses intensity, makes slip mass that can glide under Gravitative Loads, and operator can be far from slip mass It is operated, ensure that the safety of personnel.
10, for small-sized landslide, same blasting method can be used, stage delayed blasting can be disposably pre- by explosive etc. It buries designed position, and by latency device, controls different segmentation slip masses and slip away in succession slide bed, the method can be to cunning Slopes carry out disposable batch operation, not only ensure that the hierarchical segmented downslide in landslide, but also can the batch operation saving plenty of time.
11, it can be carried out using many kinds of measures, operation is simple, and at low cost, implementation result more preferably, has extensive engineering real Trample meaning and application prospect.
It can solve the problem of existing control method can not eliminate security risk existing for potential slip mass, lured by classification Hair landslide eliminates safe hidden trouble in time, ensures the safe handling of necessary facility, greatly reduces the monitoring bring wasting of resources; Casualties, infrastructure paralysis, property loss caused by the sliding suddenly of a large amount of landslides etc. is reduced, and can be to the class on landslide Type, property carry out that suitable method is taken to carry out induced landslide after suitably judging, substantially reduce construction cost.
Detailed description of the invention
Present invention will be further explained below with reference to the attached drawings and examples:
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of slide bed of the embodiment of the present invention after dividing band and drilling;
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of the slide bed after one edge slide strips body of the embodiment of the present invention slips away;
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram that high-pressure gas injection method is used in one hole of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram that the quick-fried induction method of water is used in one hole of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is to induce showing for method (using control latency device) using microexplosion in one hole of invention embodiment It is intended to;
Fig. 6 is the signal for inducing method (using remote control equipment) in one hole of invention embodiment using microexplosion Figure;.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment one
A method of slip mass classification landslide is promoted using active mode, method includes the following steps:
Landslide to be treated is determined by observation, exploration before treatment, carries out safe preparation;
Step 1: determining landslide each section position: the landslide leading edge 4 of slip mass 2 on slide bed 1, looked for by observing to calculate Landslide rear drawing crack is found by observing to calculate in the rear acies of slip mass 2 in the position of landslide toe anti-slide mass 6 on to anti-sliding belt 5 The position in face 7, then the position for determining landslide surface 18 is explored by observation;
Step 2: dividing tape handling: being divided into slip mass 2 along sliding direction according to the scale of construction size of slip mass 2 on slide bed 1 Four slide strips bodies, slide strips body is by edge slide strips body 19 and the first adjacent slide strips body 20, the second adjacent slide strips body 21 and third phase Adjacent slide strips body 22 forms, and point band only distinguishes different slide strips bodies on the surface of slip mass 2, convenient for boring positioning, not to each cunning The inside soil body with body is disturbed;
Step 3: drilling through hole: in the landslide leading edge 4 of slip mass 2, landslide toe anti-slide mass 6, landslide rear drawing crack face 7, sliding 18 position of slope surface nearby drills through multiple holes 8, as shown in Figure 1;
Step 4: promote edge slide strips body 19 to slip away: the geological conditions of observation edge slide strips body 19, property determine that edge is sliding With the induction method that body 19 is applicable in, the hole that step 3 drills through is induced using microexplosion induction, the quick-fried induction of water, smearing foaming agent, is high Pressure injection gas induces, it is contactless one of induce or a variety of combinations, promote edge slide strips body 19 to slip away slide bed 1, such as Fig. 2 It is shown;
Step 5: repeating the above steps 4, observe the geological conditions of adjacent slide strips body, property determines what adjacent slide strips body was applicable in Induction method, the hole that step 3 drills through is induced using microexplosion induction, the quick-fried induction of water, the induction of smearing foaming agent, high-pressure gas injection, One of contactless induction or a variety of combinations, promote the first adjacent slide strips body 20, the second adjacent slide strips body 21 and third Adjacent slide strips body 22 slips away slide bed 1 one by one.
In step 3, at least 2 are drilled through at the slide strips landslide toe anti-slide mass 6 of each slide strips body and drains into few 2 column holes 8, in each cunning Landslide rear drawing crack face 7 with body nearby drills through at least 2 and drains into few 2 column holes 8;A round is drilled through near 18 position of landslide surface Hole 8.
Spacing between two holes 8 is 30~150cm.
Hole 8 is one or both of vertical holes 9, inclined hole 10
Or
The combination of one or both of vertical holes 9, inclined hole 10 with transverse holes 3, drilling orifice position, angle and hole depth are answered Meet explosion design code, hole scattering degree error is not greater than 1 degree.
Microexplosion in step 4 induces method are as follows: as shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6, explosive 12 is fitted into each hole 8, explosive 12 connects Being connected to latency device 13, perhaps remote control equipment 14 passes through control latency device 13 or remote control equipment after personnel, equipment are withdrawn 14 ignition charges 12 are subtracted by the excess pore water pressure that the vibration of porous 12 bring of ignition charge promotes slide strips inside soil body to generate Few shearing strength, triggering sliding, in addition the effect of force of explosion causes the increase of earth's surface deformation and crack, reduces the mechanics of native stone Intensity index causes the rising of level of ground water and the change of runoff conditions, further induced landslide band landslide.
The quick-fried induction method of water in step 4 are as follows: as shown in figure 4, the utricule 11 of water, utricule are filled in implantation at each hole 8 11 water inlets setting one-way membrane may only intake, air inlet, be unable to reverse drainage, exhaust, ignite and fill the utricule 11 of water, each capsule Body 11 is connected with air compressor machine 15, racks utricule 11 in such a way that air compressor machine 15 is inflated into utricule 11, and water is squeezed into landslide At the slide strips body of toe anti-slide mass 6, reaches and increase pore water pressure and flowing pressure, achieve the effect that softening, utilize porous burst point The native rock layers on slide strips body are saturated, or even the ponding on the water barrier of slide strips body lower part, increase the weight of slide strips body, reduced The shearing strength of native rock layers, while bring shakes when its explosion, and slide strips body is caused to glide, induced landslide band landslide.
Smearing foaming agent in step 4 induces method are as follows: passes through pumping machine at each hole 8 in landslide rear drawing crack face 7 High pressure water is injected, and foaming agent is laid at the rear drawing crack face 7 of landslide, seals rear overfall, induced landslide band landslide.
High-pressure gas injection in step 4 induces method are as follows: injects the height of different pressure using High Pressure Air Compressor 15 at hole 8 It calms the anger body, softens leading edge anti-sliding belt or the rear drawing crack face of slide strips body, so that slide strips body is lost intensity and then the main body that slips away, induce and slide Slope band landslide.
Specifically: as shown in figure 3, used at hole 8 High Pressure Air Compressor 15 inject different pressure high pressure gas (with angstrom For more grams of this explosive cartridges, it is 70~130M Pa that standard, which releases stress range), High Pressure Air Compressor 15 is more in output end form Sample, the present embodiment use tubular form for straight barrel type, the diameter of appendix 16 with drill through that hole diameter is consistent, the top of appendix 16 Portion is equipped with cap body, and the pipe side wall of appendix 16 is uniformly distributed an outlet hole 17, and when execute-in-place, appendix 16 is inserted into hole In hole 8, it is inserted into the top cap body of appendix 16 in slip mass 2, top cap body and landslide surface soil body junction are smeared and sent out Infusion makees encapsulation process.
Contactless induction method in step 4 are as follows: through supersonic non-contact instrument, at the toe anti-slide mass 6 of landslide Or emit ultrasonic wave at the rear drawing crack face 7 of landslide, and the slide strips body after vibration, softening point band, induced landslide band landslide.
The above embodiments are only the preferred technical solution of the present invention, and are not construed as limitation of the invention, this Shen Please in embodiment and embodiment in feature in the absence of conflict, can mutual any combination.Protection model of the invention The technical solution that should be recorded with claim is enclosed, the equivalent replacement side of technical characteristic in the technical solution recorded including claim Case is protection scope.Equivalent replacement i.e. within this range is improved, also within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of method for promoting slip mass classification landslide using active mode, it is characterised in that method includes the following steps:
Step 1: determine landslide each section position: the landslide leading edge (4) of slip mass (2) on slide bed (1) is calculated by observation Landslide is found by observing to calculate in the rear acies of slip mass (2) in the position for finding landslide toe anti-slide mass (6) on anti-sliding belt (5) The position in rear drawing crack face (7), then the position for determining landslide surface (18) is explored by observation;
Step 2: dividing tape handling: according to the scale of construction size of slip mass (2) on slide bed (1) by slip mass (2) along sliding direction point At a plurality of slide strips body, slide strips body is made of edge slide strips body (19) and adjacent slide strips body, and point band is only in the table of slip mass (2) Different slide strips bodies are distinguished in face, convenient for boring positioning, are not disturbed to the inside soil body of each slide strips body;
Step 3: drilling through hole: in the landslide leading edge (4) of slip mass (2), landslide toe anti-slide mass (6), landslide rear drawing crack face (7), landslide surface (18) position nearby drills through multiple holes (8);
Step 4: promote edge slide strips body (19) to slip away: the geological conditions of observation edge slide strips body (19), property determine that edge is sliding With the induction method that body (19) are applicable in, the hole that step 3 drills through is induced using microexplosion induction, the quick-fried induction of water, smearing foaming agent, High-pressure gas injection induces, it is contactless one of induce or a variety of combinations, promote edge slide strips body (19) to slip away slide bed (1);
Step 5: repeating the above steps 4, observe the geological conditions of adjacent slide strips body, property determines the applicable induction of adjacent slide strips body Method, the hole drilled through to step 3 induce using microexplosion induction, water are quick-fried, smear that foaming agent induces, high-pressure gas injection induces, non-connects One of touch induction or a variety of combinations, promote each adjacent slide strips body to slip away slide bed (1) one by one.
2. the method according to claim 1 for promoting slip mass classification landslide using active mode, it is characterised in that: step In 3, at least 2 are drilled through at slide strips landslide toe anti-slide mass (6) of each slide strips body and drains into few 2 column holes (8), in the cunning of each slide strips body Slope rear drawing crack face (7) nearby drills through at least 2 and drains into few 2 column holes (8);A round hole is drilled through near landslide surface (18) position (8).
3. the method according to claim 2 for promoting slip mass classification landslide using active mode, it is characterised in that: two holes Spacing between hole (8) is 30~150cm.
4. the method according to claim 1 for promoting slip mass classification landslide using active mode, it is characterised in that: hole It (8) is one or both of vertical holes (9), inclined hole (10)
Or
The combination of one or both of vertical holes (9), inclined hole (10) with transverse holes (3).
5. the method according to claim 1 for promoting slip mass classification landslide using active mode, it is characterised in that step 4 In microexplosion induce method are as follows: explosive (12) is fitted into each hole (8), pass through porous ignition charge (12) bring vibration rush The excess pore water pressure for generating slide strips inside soil body reduces shearing strength, and triggering sliding, in addition the effect of force of explosion causes ground The increase of table deformation and crack, reduces the mechanical strength index of native stone, causes the rising and runoff conditions of level of ground water Change, further induced landslide band landslide.
6. the method according to claim 1 for promoting slip mass classification landslide using active mode, it is characterised in that step 4 In the quick-fried induction method of water are as follows: the utricule (11) of water is filled in implantation at each hole (8), and the setting of utricule (11) water inlet is unidirectional Film may only intake, air inlet, be unable to reverse drainage, exhaust, ignite the utricule (11) for filling water, and water is squeezed into landslide toe anti-slide mass At 6 slide strips body, increases pore water pressure and flowing pressure to reach, achieve the effect that softening, make to slide using porous burst point With the native rock layers saturation on body, or even the ponding on the water barrier of slide strips body lower part, the weight of slide strips body is increased, reduces native stone The shearing strength of layer, while bring shakes when its explosion, and slide strips body is caused to glide, induced landslide band landslide.
7. the method according to claim 1 for promoting slip mass classification landslide using active mode, it is characterised in that step 4 In smearing foaming agent induce method are as follows: high pressure injected by pumping machine at each hole (8) on landslide rear drawing crack face (7) Water, and foaming agent is laid at landslide rear drawing crack face (7), seal rear overfall, induced landslide band landslide.
8. the method according to claim 1 for promoting slip mass classification landslide using active mode, it is characterised in that step 4 In high-pressure gas injection induce method are as follows: the high pressure gas of different pressure is injected using High Pressure Air Compressor (15) at hole (8), it is soft Leading edge anti-sliding belt or the rear drawing crack face for changing slide strips body make slide strips body lose intensity and then the main body that slips away, induced landslide band landslide.
9. the method according to claim 1 for promoting slip mass classification landslide using active mode, it is characterised in that step 4 In contactless induction method are as follows: by supersonic non-contact instrument, at landslide toe anti-slide mass (6) or landslide rear is drawn Emit ultrasonic wave, the slide strips body after vibration, softening point band, induced landslide band landslide at broken face (7).
CN201910350917.7A 2019-04-28 2019-04-28 Method for promoting graded landslide of landslide body by adopting active mode Active CN110029679B (en)

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