CN103021137B - Surface displacement method high slope stability remote three-dimensional digital warning method and system - Google Patents

Surface displacement method high slope stability remote three-dimensional digital warning method and system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103021137B
CN103021137B CN201210512069.3A CN201210512069A CN103021137B CN 103021137 B CN103021137 B CN 103021137B CN 201210512069 A CN201210512069 A CN 201210512069A CN 103021137 B CN103021137 B CN 103021137B
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slope
stability
displacement
data
early warning
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CN103021137A (en
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唐述林
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China Railway 21st Bureau Group Co Ltd
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China Railway 21st Bureau Group Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a surface displacement method high slope stability remote three-dimensional digital warning method and a system. The system is a construction area high slope stability three-dimensional numerical model based on high slope geotechnical physical and mechanical parameters, high slope regional hydrological and meteorological data and a Free Lossless Audio Codec (LAC) three-dimension (3D) technology and is a 3D visualization safety warning platform based on a Visualization Tool Kit (VTK) business software system. The method comprises steps of collecting real-time monitoring data of high slope surface detection point three-dimensional coordinates, transmitting the real-time monitoring data to a user computer, inputting the real-time monitoring data to the high slope stability three-dimensional numerical model after being resolved and processed by Global Positioning System (GPS) resolving software solution, analyzing measured high slope surface detection point displacement data, comparing the measured high slope surface detection point displacement data with overall displacement contours data, obtaining high slope displacement stability classification warning parameters, displaying and classifying safety warning through the 3D visualization safety warning platform, transmitting all warning information to mobile phones of relative persons through a short message module connected to the remote computer in a mobile phone short message mode, and completing high slope stability remote three-dimensional digital safety warning.

Description

Surface displacement method Stability for High Slope remote three-dimensional digital method for early warning
Technical field
The invention belongs to the relevant high slope geologic hazard engineering fields such as highway, railway, water conservancy and hydropower, for the safe early warning of Stability for High Slope; Be specifically related to a kind of surface displacement method Stability for High Slope remote three-dimensional digital method for early warning, the invention still further relates to and a kind of surface displacement method Stability for High Slope remote three-dimensional digital safety pre-warning system.
Background technology
Along with the fast development of China's economic construction, high-grade highway, mountain railway, large medium-size station and various limit (bank) slope engineering etc. are also in rapid construction, but the geologic hazards such as landslide take place frequently, Stability for High Slope more and more causes the concern of people, therefore develops the early warning of Stability for High Slope remote three-dimensional digital and has very important practical significance.
Still few in the remote three-dimensional digital study of warning of Stability for High Slope field both at home and abroad, according to domestic literature, existing structure database, the early warning of constructing tunnel multiple information and safety management in China's only a few highway, mineral products, seabed tunnel, railway engineering, but there is not yet the bibliographical information of the surface displacement method Stability for High Slope remote three-dimensional digital warning aspect integrating Stability for High Slope Three-dimension Numerical Model and three-dimensional visualization safe early warning platform.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of surface displacement method Stability for High Slope remote three-dimensional digital method for early warning, and another technical matters that the present invention will solve is to provide a kind of surface displacement method Stability for High Slope remote three-dimensional digital safety pre-warning system; The method and system invented and provide is provided, real-time continuous can monitor high slope surface measuring point three-dimensional coordinate situation of change, and measured data real-time continuous is transferred to remote monitoring and data processing host, according to high slope surface displacement data step by step, complete Stability for High Slope grading forewarning system.
It is as follows that the present invention solves the problems of the technologies described above taked technical scheme: a kind of surface displacement method Stability for High Slope remote three-dimensional digital method for early warning, comprises the steps:
(1) select a high slope as studied region; Find out its Engineering geology and hydrogeology conditions, collect this high slope physical mechanics parameter of rock and soil and implement prewarning area hydrometeorology data;
(2) remote monitoring and data processing host are installed U.S. Ashtech Ash Tyke GPS and are resolved software solution; Remote monitoring and data processing host are based on the Engineering geology and hydrogeology conditions in studied region, high slope Rock And Soil physical and mechanical parameter, high slope Regional Hydrologic meteorological data and continuous medium fast Lagrangian analysis program FLAC 3Dset up Stability for High Slope Three-dimension Numerical Model; Stability for High Slope Three-dimension Numerical Model provides global displacement cloud atlas data;
(3) remote monitoring and data processing host set up three-dimensional visualization safe early warning platform based on VTK (Visualization Toolkit) business software system;
(4) beyond high slope appropriate location as GPS reference point, at this point, reference point GPS receiving instrument is set, several high slope surface GPS receiving instruments are installed on high slope surface, complete GPS positioning system to lay, gather high slope surface measuring point three-dimensional coordinate real-time displacement monitoring data and be transferred to remote monitoring and data processing host, resolving after software solution resolves process through GPS and be loaded on Stability for High Slope Three-dimension Numerical Model;
(5) Stability for High Slope Three-dimension Numerical Model utilizes the initial array displacement data obtained complete self-parameters revision and provide each parameter model threshold value, afterwards, Stability for High Slope Three-dimension Numerical Model will obtain subsequent displacements Real-time Monitoring Data and analyze, contrast with global displacement cloud atlas data, provide the displacement Stability Classification early-warning parameters of high slope, and undertaken representing and classification safe early warning by three-dimensional visualization safe early warning platform; All early warning information, by the SMS module be connected with remote monitoring and data processing host, are sent to the mobile phone of related personnel with mobile phone short messages, thus complete Stability for High Slope remote three-dimensional digital safe early warning.
The present invention solves the technical scheme that another technical matters above-mentioned takes: a kind of surface displacement method Stability for High Slope remote three-dimensional digital safety pre-warning system, comprises GPS positioning system; It is characterized in that: also comprise connect successively automatic data collection instrument, GPRS static data Acquisition Instrument, communications transmit base station, commercial satellite, communications reception base station, internet and remote computer; Automatic data collection instrument input end wired connection GPS positioning system, output terminal wireless connections GPRS static data Acquisition Instrument, between GPRS static data Acquisition Instrument, communications transmit base station, commercial satellite, communications reception base station, internet, wireless signal communication connects successively, internet is connected with remote computer, remote computer is connected with F2003GSMDTU SMS module, and F2003GSMDTU SMS module is connected with several mobile phone wireless signal and communication.
GPS positioning system comprises multiple high slope surface GPS receiving instrument and reference point GPS receiving instrument, during application, according to the displacement characteristic parameter that high slope surface landform shape, Stability for High Slope Three-dimension Numerical Model provide, determine the laying quantity of high slope surface GPS receiving instrument and the installation position on high slope surface.
The invention provides a kind of surface displacement method high slope displacement stability remote three-dimensional digital safe early warning technology based on GPS positioning system, application the present invention can make related personnel take preventive measures in time according to early warning information, improves simultaneously and is in personnel safety near high slope.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is that high slope surface GPS receiving instrument arranges skiagraph,
Fig. 2 is high slope surface GPS receiving instrument, reference point GPS receiving instrument and automatic data collection instrument and GPRS static data Acquisition Instrument floor plan,
Fig. 3 is that schematic diagram schematic diagram is transmitted in structural relation of the present invention and data acquisition.
In figure: 1-high slope surface GPS receiving instrument, 2-automatic data collection instrument, 3-GPRS static data Acquisition Instrument, 4-reference point GPS receiving instrument, 5-sliding mass, 6-high slope surface, 7-slipping plane, 8-commercial satellite, 9-communications transmit base station, 10-internet, 11-remote computer, 12-F2003GSMDTU SMS module, 13-mobile phone, 14-communications reception base station.
Embodiment
System embodiment is as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 with shown in Fig. 3: a kind of surface displacement method Stability for High Slope remote three-dimensional digital safety pre-warning system, comprise reference point GPS receiving instrument 4, three high slopes surface GPS receiving instrument 1, reference point GPS receiving instruments 4 form GPS positioning system with the surperficial GPS receiving instrument 1 of three high slopes successively wired connection; Also comprise connect successively automatic data collection instrument 2, GPRS static data Acquisition Instrument 3, communications transmit base station 9, commercial satellite 8, communications reception base station 14, internet 10 and remote computer 11; Automatic data collection instrument 2 input end wired connection high slope surface GPS receiving instrument 1, automatic data collection instrument 2 output terminal wireless connections GPRS static data Acquisition Instrument 3, between GPRS static data Acquisition Instrument 3, communications transmit base station 14, commercial satellite 8, communications reception base station 14, internet 10, wireless signal communication connects successively, and internet 10 is connected with remote computer; Computing machine 11 is connected with F2003GSMDTU SMS module 12, F2003GSMDTU SMS module 12 and is connected with several mobile phone 13 wireless signal communication.High slope surface GPS receiving instrument and reference point GPS receiving instrument 4 are high precision double frequency GPS of same model.
Fig. 1 illustrates that high slope surface GPS receiving instrument 1 lays situation; Arrange multiple GPS receiving instrument 1 on high slope surface 6, high slope comprises sliding mass 5 and slipping plane 7.
Remote computer 11 be provided with U.S.'s Ashtech Ash Tyke GPS resolve software solution, set up have Stability for High Slope Three-dimension Numerical Model and three-dimensional visualization safe early warning platform.The foundation of Stability for High Slope Three-dimension Numerical Model is based on high slope region Rock And Soil physical and mechanical parameter and continuous medium fast Lagrangian analysis program FLAC 3D; Stability for High Slope Three-dimension Numerical Model draws global displacement cloud atlas data; Three-dimensional visualization safe early warning platform is based on VTK (Visualization Toolkit) business software system.
Embodiment of the method
(1) object that a high slope is implemented as surface displacement method Stability for High Slope remote three-dimensional digital early warning system is selected; Find out its Engineering geology and hydrogeology conditions, collect this high slope physical mechanics parameter of rock and soil and implement early warning system Regional Hydrologic meteorological data;
(2) at remote computer, U.S. Ashtech Ash Tyke GPS is installed and resolves software solution, based on step (1) gained Engineering geology and hydrogeology conditions, physical and mechanical parameter and hydrometeorological data, set up early warning system objective for implementation region Stability for High Slope Three-dimension Numerical Model, three-dimensional visualization safe early warning platform.The foundation of Stability for High Slope Three-dimension Numerical Model is based on FLAC 3Dsoftware and high slope physical mechanics parameter of rock and soil, Stability for High Slope Three-dimension Numerical Model provides global displacement cloud atlas data; Three-dimensional visualization safe early warning platform is based on VTK (Visualization Toolkit) business software system.
(3) beyond high slope, high precision double frequency GPS receiving instrument is laid as reference point in appropriate location, and on high slope surface, some same model GPS receiving instruments are installed, complete GPS positioning system to lay, gather high slope surface measuring point three-dimensional coordinate Real-time Monitoring Data, and Real-time Monitoring Data is sent to GPRS static data Acquisition Instrument 2 by automatic data collection instrument 2, commercial satellite 8 is sent to again by communications transmit base station 9 near GPRS static data Acquisition Instrument 3, be transferred to other communications reception base stations 14 afterwards, and enter internet 10 and be transferred to user's remote computer 11, resolve after software solution resolves process through GPS and input Stability for High Slope Three-dimension Numerical Model,
(4) Stability for High Slope Three-dimension Numerical Model utilizes the initial array displacement data obtained complete self-parameters revision and provide each parameter model threshold value, afterwards, Stability for High Slope Three-dimension Numerical Model will obtain subsequent displacements Real-time Monitoring Data and analyze, contrast with global displacement cloud atlas data, provide the displacement Stability Classification early-warning parameters of high slope, and undertaken representing and classification safe early warning by three-dimensional visualization safe early warning platform; All early warning information, by the SMS module be connected with remote monitoring and data processing host, are sent to the mobile phone of related personnel with mobile phone short messages, thus complete Stability for High Slope remote three-dimensional digital safe early warning.

Claims (1)

1. a surface displacement method Stability for High Slope remote three-dimensional digital method for early warning, comprises the steps:
(1) select a high slope as studied region; Find out its Geological Environment Engineering, collect this high slope Rock And Soil physical and mechanical parameter and implement early warning system Regional Hydrologic meteorological data;
(2) remote monitoring and data processing host are installed U.S. Ashtech Ash Tyke GPS and are resolved software solution; Remote monitoring and data processing host are based on the Engineering geology and hydrogeology conditions in studied region, high slope Rock And Soil physical and mechanical parameter, high slope Regional Hydrologic meteorological data and continuous medium fast Lagrangian analysis program FLAC 3Dset up Stability for High Slope Three-dimension Numerical Model; Stability for High Slope Three-dimension Numerical Model provides global displacement cloud atlas data;
(3) remote monitoring and data processing host set up three-dimensional visualization safe early warning platform based on VTK (Visualization Toolkit) business software system;
(4) beyond high slope appropriate location as GPS reference point, at this point, reference point GPS receiving instrument is set, several high slope surface GPS receiving instruments are installed on high slope surface, complete GPS positioning system to lay, gather high slope surface measuring point three-dimensional coordinate real-time displacement monitoring data and be transferred to remote monitoring and data processing host, resolving after software solution resolves process through GPS and be loaded on Stability for High Slope Three-dimension Numerical Model;
(5) Stability for High Slope Three-dimension Numerical Model utilizes the initial array displacement data obtained complete self-parameters revision and provide each parameter model threshold value, afterwards, Stability for High Slope Three-dimension Numerical Model will obtain subsequent displacements Real-time Monitoring Data and analyze, contrast with global displacement cloud atlas data, provide the displacement Stability Classification early-warning parameters of high slope, and undertaken representing and classification safe early warning by three-dimensional visualization safe early warning platform; All early warning information, by the SMS module be connected with remote monitoring and data processing host, are sent to the mobile phone of related personnel with mobile phone short messages, thus complete Stability for High Slope remote three-dimensional digital safe early warning.
CN201210512069.3A 2012-12-04 2012-12-04 Surface displacement method high slope stability remote three-dimensional digital warning method and system Active CN103021137B (en)

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CN104567830B (en) * 2015-01-22 2017-08-29 泉州市迈韦通信技术有限公司 A kind of wireless communication system allocated with frequency range realizes hydrologic monitoring method
CN104820743A (en) * 2015-04-29 2015-08-05 无锡悟莘科技有限公司 Method for analyzing 3D modeling data of bridge and tunnel
CN106781289A (en) * 2016-12-24 2017-05-31 中铁十八局集团有限公司 Blow out monitoring device of the construction to the motion of massif talus in a kind of tunnel
CN108280970A (en) * 2018-01-29 2018-07-13 重庆交通大学 A kind of intelligence Stability for High Slope remote three-dimensional digital early warning system

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