CN107647923B - Scalpel belt cleaning device for ophthalmic surgery - Google Patents

Scalpel belt cleaning device for ophthalmic surgery Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107647923B
CN107647923B CN201710892724.5A CN201710892724A CN107647923B CN 107647923 B CN107647923 B CN 107647923B CN 201710892724 A CN201710892724 A CN 201710892724A CN 107647923 B CN107647923 B CN 107647923B
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China
Prior art keywords
box
scalpel
cylinder
piston
spring
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CN201710892724.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107647923A (en
Inventor
杨文龙
钟颖贤
张丽华
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TAIZHOU TAIHUIDA TECHNOLOGY INFORMATION CONSULTING CENTER
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Taizhou Taihuida Technology Information Consulting Center
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Priority to CN201710892724.5A priority Critical patent/CN107647923B/en
Publication of CN107647923A publication Critical patent/CN107647923A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B90/00Instruments, implements or accessories specially adapted for surgery or diagnosis and not covered by any of the groups A61B1/00 - A61B50/00, e.g. for luxation treatment or for protecting wound edges
    • A61B90/70Cleaning devices specially adapted for surgical instruments
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B21/00Arrangements or duct systems, e.g. in combination with pallet boxes, for supplying and controlling air or gases for drying solid materials or objects
    • F26B21/001Drying-air generating units, e.g. movable, independent of drying enclosure
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B21/00Arrangements or duct systems, e.g. in combination with pallet boxes, for supplying and controlling air or gases for drying solid materials or objects
    • F26B21/004Nozzle assemblies; Air knives; Air distributors; Blow boxes

Abstract

The invention relates to a cleaning device, in particular to a scalpel cleaning device for an ophthalmic surgery. The invention aims to provide a scalpel cleaning device for ophthalmic surgery, which is high in cleaning efficiency, safe, time-saving and labor-saving. In order to solve the technical problem, the invention provides a scalpel cleaning device for ophthalmologic operation, which comprises a box body, a box door, a transverse plate and the like; the front side lower part of box is equipped with the chamber door, and the chamber door passes through the hinge and is connected with the box, and open the right side lower part of box has the outlet, and open at box left side middle part has first through-hole, and the middle part is connected with the diaphragm through bolted connection's mode in the box, and the diaphragm is the level setting. According to the invention, the scalpel is clamped by the clamping device, the driving device drives the flushing device and the drying device to operate, the flushing device flushes the scalpel, and the drying device drives heat generated by the heating wire into the box body, so that the drying efficiency of the scalpel is improved, and the effects of high cleaning efficiency, safety, time saving and labor saving are achieved.

Description

Scalpel belt cleaning device for ophthalmic surgery
Technical Field
The invention relates to a cleaning device, in particular to a scalpel cleaning device for an ophthalmic surgery.
Background
The general term of ophthalmology is "ophthalmology specialty", which is the discipline for studying diseases occurring in the visual system, including the eyeball and its associated tissues. In ophthalmology, various ophthalmic diseases such as vitreous body, retinal diseases, ocular optics, glaucoma, optic neuropathy, cataract and the like are generally researched.
The scalpel used by the surgeon in the hospital is divided into a blade and a scalpel handle. The blade is disposable and the handle is not. Other devices are also not disposable, but are autoclaved each time they are used. The sterilization is to kill all microorganisms.
During ophthalmic surgery, the scalpel is must the instrument, and the scalpel uses and need carry out multiple cleaning and disinfection after accomplishing, and the scalpel washs the first step at present and is artifical to wash with clear water, and artifical cleaning efficiency is low, dangerous, waste time and energy, consequently needs urgent need to develop a cleaning efficiency height, safe, labour saving and time saving's scalpel belt cleaning device for ophthalmic surgery.
Disclosure of Invention
(1) Technical problem to be solved
The invention aims to overcome the defects of low efficiency, unsafety, time and labor waste of the existing scalpel manual cleaning, and the technical problem to be solved is to provide the scalpel cleaning device for the ophthalmic operation, which has high cleaning efficiency, is safe, and saves time and labor.
(2) Technical scheme
In order to solve the technical problem, the invention provides a scalpel cleaning device for ophthalmologic operations, which comprises a box body, a box door, a transverse plate, a driving device, a first motor, a rotating shaft, a bearing seat, a rotating plate and a clamping device, wherein the box door is arranged at the lower part of the front side of the box body, the box door is connected with the box body through a hinge, a water outlet is formed in the lower part of the right side of the box body, a first through hole is formed in the middle part of the left side of the box body, the transverse plate is connected with the middle part in the box body in a bolt connection mode and is horizontally arranged, the transverse plate is positioned above the first through hole, the driving device is arranged at the top in the box body, the rotating plate is arranged below the transverse plate, the rotating plate is connected with parts.
Preferably, the driving device comprises a first motor, a rotating shaft and a bearing seat, the first motor is installed in the middle of the top in the box body in a bolt connection mode, an output shaft of the first motor is connected with the rotating shaft through a coupler, the bearing seat is installed in the middle of the transverse plate in an embedded mode, the outer side of the lower portion of the rotating shaft is in interference connection with a bearing in the bearing seat, and the bottom of the rotating shaft is connected with the middle of the top of the rotating plate in a bolt connection mode.
Preferably, the clamping device comprises a clamping rod, a first spring and a shifting rod, guide holes are formed in the left side and the right side of the rotating plate in the second through hole, the clamping rod is arranged in the guide holes in a sliding mode and matched with the guide holes, one end of the clamping rod in the guide holes is connected with the first spring, the other end of the first spring is connected with the rotating plate, and the shifting rod is connected to the top of the other end of the clamping rod.
Preferably, the washing device comprises a first one-way clutch, a first cam, a first cylinder body, a first piston, a first push rod, a second spring, a first one-way valve, a water inlet pipe and a water outlet pipe, wherein the outer side of the upper part of the rotating shaft is connected with the first one-way clutch in a key connection mode, the outer side of the first one-way clutch is connected with the first cam in a key connection mode, the upper part of the right side in the box body is connected with the first cylinder body in a bolt connection mode, the first piston is arranged in the first cylinder body in a sliding mode, the middle part of the left side of the first piston is connected with the first push rod, the left end of the first push rod is in contact with the first cam, a second spring is connected between the left side of the first piston and the left side in the first cylinder body, the right end and the right end of the top of the bottom of the first cylinder body are both connected with, the bottom one-way valve is connected with a water outlet pipe, the water outlet pipe penetrates through the transverse plate, and a water outlet of the water outlet pipe is positioned on the right side of the rotating plate.
Preferably, the drying device comprises a second one-way clutch, a second cam, a second cylinder body, a second piston, a second push rod, a third spring, a second one-way valve, a first air pipe and a second air pipe, wherein the outer side of the middle part of the rotating shaft is connected with the second one-way clutch in a key connection mode, the middle part of the outer side of the second one-way clutch is connected with the second cam in a key connection mode, the upper part of the left side in the box body is connected with the second cylinder body in a bolt connection mode, the second piston is arranged in the second cylinder body in a sliding mode, the middle part of the right side of the second piston is connected with the second push rod, the right end of the second push rod is contacted with the second cam, the third spring is connected between the right side of the second piston and the right side in the second cylinder body, the left end of the top and the left end of the bottom of the second cylinder body are both connected with the second one-way valve, the bottom check valve is connected with a second air pipe, the second air pipe penetrates through the left part of the transverse plate, and an air outlet of the second air pipe is positioned on the left side of the rotating plate.
Preferably, still including shunt tubes and nozzle, the right side middle part is connected with the shunt tubes in the box, and the shunt tubes is located the diaphragm below, and the left side of shunt tubes evenly is equipped with a plurality of nozzles, nozzle and shunt tubes sealing connection.
Preferably, still including box body and heating wire, box body left side upper portion is connected with the box body through bolted connection's mode, and first tracheal end and box body right side intercommunication are equipped with the heating wire in the box body, and open on the left side of box body has a plurality of third through-holes.
Preferably, still including the arc, the bottom is equipped with the arc in the box, and the arc passes through bolted connection's mode and is connected with the box.
The working principle is as follows: during the use, open the chamber door, put into the box with ophthalmic scalpel and press from both sides tightly through clamping device, close the chamber door, start drive arrangement operation, drive arrangement drives the commentaries on classics board and rotates to drive the scalpel and rotate in the box, pour into clear water from first through-hole, thereby wash away pivoted scalpel, so can wash the scalpel clean, the waste water that produces during the washing is discharged from the outlet, after the washing is accomplished, close drive arrangement, it can to open the chamber door and take out and dry the scalpel after will wasing.
Because clamping device is including clamping bar, first spring and driving lever, the commentaries on classics board left and right sides that is located the second through-hole all opens there is the guide hole, and the slidingtype clamping bar that is equipped with in the guide hole, clamping bar and guide hole cooperation, clamping bar one end that is located the guide hole are connected with first spring, and the other end and the commentaries on classics board of first spring are connected with the driving lever, and the other end top of clamping bar is connected with the driving lever. When the scalpel is used, the driving levers on the left side and the right side are respectively driven to the left side and the right side, so that the clamping rods on the left side and the right side are driven to move towards the left side and the right side, the first spring is compressed, the scalpel handle penetrates through the bottom of the second through hole, the scalpel handle is arranged between the left clamping rod and the right clamping rod, the driving levers are loosened, and the scalpel is clamped by the left clamping rod and the right clamping rod under the action of the first spring.
Because drive arrangement installs first motor through bolted connection's mode including first motor, pivot and bearing frame in the middle of the top in the box, and the output shaft of first motor has the pivot through the coupling joint, and the middle part of diaphragm is embedded installs the bearing frame, and the lower part outside of pivot is connected with the bearing interference in the bearing frame, and the bottom of pivot is connected through bolted connection's mode in the middle of with the top of commentaries on classics board. When the scalpel is used, the first motor is started, and rotates to drive the rotating shaft to rotate, so that the rotating plate is driven to rotate, and the scalpel is driven to rotate in the box body.
Because the washing device also comprises a washing device, the washing device comprises a first one-way clutch, a first cam, a first cylinder body, a first piston, a first push rod, a second spring, a first one-way valve, a water inlet pipe and a water outlet pipe, the outer side of the upper part of the rotating shaft is connected with the first one-way clutch in a key connection mode, the outer side of the first one-way clutch is connected with the first cam in a key connection mode, the upper part of the right side in the box body is connected with the first cylinder body in a bolt connection mode, the first piston is arranged in the first cylinder body in a sliding mode, the middle part of the left side of the first piston is connected with the first push rod, the left end of the first push rod is contacted with the first cam, a second spring is connected between the left side of the first piston and the left side in the first cylinder body, the right end of the top and the right end of the bottom of, the bottom one-way valve is connected with a water outlet pipe, the water outlet pipe penetrates through the transverse plate, and a water outlet of the water outlet pipe is positioned on the right side of the rotating plate. During the use, with the end and the tap sealing connection of inlet tube, start first motor corotation to drive first one-way clutch and rotate, and then drive first cam and rotate, under the effect of second spring, first cam rotates and drives first piston and controls the removal, and under the effect of first check valve, the removal is controlled to first piston and is driven the delivery port blowout of clear water from the outlet pipe, thereby washes pivoted scalpel, so can be with the scalpel sanitization, further improves the cleaning efficiency.
Because the drying device also comprises a drying device, the drying device comprises a second one-way clutch, a second cam, a second cylinder body, a second piston, a second push rod, a third spring, a second one-way valve, a first air pipe and a second air pipe, the outer side of the middle part of the rotating shaft is connected with the second one-way clutch in a key connection mode, the middle part of the outer side of the second one-way clutch is connected with the second cam in a key connection mode, the upper part of the left side in the box body is connected with the second cylinder body in a bolt connection mode, the second piston is arranged in the second cylinder body in a sliding mode, the middle part of the right side of the second piston is connected with the second push rod, the right end of the second push rod is contacted with the second cam, the third spring is connected between the right side of the second piston and the right side in the second cylinder body, the left end of the top and the left end of the bottom of the second cylinder body are both, the bottom check valve is connected with a second air pipe, the second air pipe penetrates through the left part of the transverse plate, and an air outlet of the second air pipe is positioned on the left side of the rotating plate. During the use, start first motor reversal to drive second one way clutch and rotate, and then drive the second cam and rotate, under the effect of third spring, the second cam rotates and drives the second piston and remove about, under the effect of second check valve, the second piston removes about and drives the air and blows off from the tracheal end of second, thereby weathers the pivoted scalpel, further improves drying efficiency.
Because still including shunt tubes and nozzle, the right side middle part is connected with the shunt tubes in the box, and the shunt tubes is located the diaphragm below, and the left side of shunt tubes evenly is equipped with a plurality of nozzles, nozzle and shunt tubes sealing connection. Clear water enters the shunt pipe from the water outlet pipe and is sprayed out from the plurality of nozzles, so that the scalpel is efficiently washed, and the cleaning efficiency is further improved.
Because still including box body and heating wire, box body left side upper portion is connected with the box body through bolted connection's mode, and first tracheal end and box body right side intercommunication are equipped with the heating wire in the box body, and open on the left side of box body has a plurality of third through-holes. When the drying device is used, the heating wire is started to heat, and the drying device is operated to bring heat in the box body into the box body, so that the drying speed of the scalpel is increased, and the drying efficiency is further improved.
Because still including the arc, the bottom is equipped with the arc in the box, and the arc passes through bolted connection's mode to be connected with the box. Waste water produced during cleaning falls onto the arc-shaped plate and flows to the outer side of the arc-shaped plate to be discharged from the water outlet, waste water discharge efficiency is further improved, water is prevented from accumulating in the box, bacteria are bred, and the cleaning effect of the scalpel is affected.
(3) Advantageous effects
According to the invention, the scalpel is clamped by the clamping device, the driving device drives the flushing device and the drying device to operate, the flushing device flushes the scalpel, and the drying device drives heat generated by the heating wire into the box body, so that the drying efficiency of the scalpel is improved, and the effects of high cleaning efficiency, safety, time saving and labor saving are achieved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic front view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a first front view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a front view of the clamping device of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a cross-sectional schematic view of a second front view of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a front view of the drying apparatus of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a third front view of the present invention.
The labels in the figures are: 1-box body, 2-box door, 3-water outlet, 4-first through hole, 5-transverse plate, 6-driving device, 61-first motor, 62-rotating shaft, 63-bearing seat, 7-rotating plate, 8-second through hole, 9-clamping device, 91-clamping rod, 92-first spring, 93-driving rod, 10-flushing device, 101-first one-way clutch, 102-first cam, 103-first cylinder body, 104-first piston, 105-first push rod, 106-second spring, 107-first one-way valve, 108-water inlet pipe, 109-water outlet pipe, 11-drying device, 111-second one-way clutch, 112-second cam, 113-second cylinder body, 114-second piston, 115-a second push rod, 116-a third spring, 117-a second one-way valve, 118-a first air pipe, 119-a second air pipe, 12-a shunt pipe, 13-a nozzle, 14-a box body, 15-a heating wire and 16-an arc-shaped plate.
Detailed Description
The invention is further described below with reference to the figures and examples.
Example 1
The utility model provides a scalpel belt cleaning device for ophthalmic surgery, as shown in fig. 1-6, including box 1, chamber door 2, diaphragm 5, drive arrangement 6, first motor 61, pivot 62, bearing frame 63, commentaries on classics board 7 and clamping device 9, the front side lower part of box 1 is equipped with chamber door 2, chamber door 2 is connected with box 1 through the hinge, open the right side lower part of box 1 has outlet 3, open at box 1 left side middle part has first through-hole 4, the middle part is connected with diaphragm 5 through bolted connection's mode in the box 1, diaphragm 5 is the level setting, diaphragm 5 is located the top of first through-hole 4, top is equipped with drive arrangement 6 in the box 1, the below of diaphragm 5 is equipped with commentaries on classics board 7, commentaries on classics board 7 is connected with drive arrangement 6's part, commentaries on classics board 7 middle part is opened has a plurality of second through-holes 8, be.
Example 2
The utility model provides a scalpel belt cleaning device for ophthalmic surgery, as shown in fig. 1-6, including box 1, chamber door 2, diaphragm 5, drive arrangement 6, first motor 61, pivot 62, bearing frame 63, commentaries on classics board 7 and clamping device 9, the front side lower part of box 1 is equipped with chamber door 2, chamber door 2 is connected with box 1 through the hinge, open the right side lower part of box 1 has outlet 3, open at box 1 left side middle part has first through-hole 4, the middle part is connected with diaphragm 5 through bolted connection's mode in the box 1, diaphragm 5 is the level setting, diaphragm 5 is located the top of first through-hole 4, top is equipped with drive arrangement 6 in the box 1, the below of diaphragm 5 is equipped with commentaries on classics board 7, commentaries on classics board 7 is connected with drive arrangement 6's part, commentaries on classics board 7 middle part is opened has a plurality of second through-holes 8, be.
Drive arrangement 6 is including first motor 61, pivot 62 and bearing frame 63, installs first motor 61 through bolted connection's mode in the middle of the top in box 1, and the output shaft of first motor 61 has pivot 62 through the coupling joint, and the embedded bearing frame 63 that installs in middle part of diaphragm 5, the lower part outside and the bearing interference in the bearing frame 63 of pivot 62 are connected, and the bottom of pivot 62 is connected through bolted connection's mode in the middle of with the top of commentaries on classics board 7.
Example 3
The utility model provides a scalpel belt cleaning device for ophthalmic surgery, as shown in fig. 1-6, including box 1, chamber door 2, diaphragm 5, drive arrangement 6, first motor 61, pivot 62, bearing frame 63, commentaries on classics board 7 and clamping device 9, the front side lower part of box 1 is equipped with chamber door 2, chamber door 2 is connected with box 1 through the hinge, open the right side lower part of box 1 has outlet 3, open at box 1 left side middle part has first through-hole 4, the middle part is connected with diaphragm 5 through bolted connection's mode in the box 1, diaphragm 5 is the level setting, diaphragm 5 is located the top of first through-hole 4, top is equipped with drive arrangement 6 in the box 1, the below of diaphragm 5 is equipped with commentaries on classics board 7, commentaries on classics board 7 is connected with drive arrangement 6's part, commentaries on classics board 7 middle part is opened has a plurality of second through-holes 8, be.
Drive arrangement 6 is including first motor 61, pivot 62 and bearing frame 63, installs first motor 61 through bolted connection's mode in the middle of the top in box 1, and the output shaft of first motor 61 has pivot 62 through the coupling joint, and the embedded bearing frame 63 that installs in middle part of diaphragm 5, the lower part outside and the bearing interference in the bearing frame 63 of pivot 62 are connected, and the bottom of pivot 62 is connected through bolted connection's mode in the middle of with the top of commentaries on classics board 7.
Clamping device 9 is including clamping bar 91, first spring 92 and driving lever 93, and the guide hole has all been opened to the commentaries on classics board 7 left and right sides that is located second through-hole 8, and the slidingtype clamping bar 91 that is equipped with in the guide hole, clamping bar 91 and guide hole cooperation, and clamping bar 91 one end that is located the guide hole is connected with first spring 92, and the other end of first spring 92 is connected with commentaries on classics board 7, and the other end top of clamping bar 91 is connected with driving lever 93.
Example 4
The utility model provides a scalpel belt cleaning device for ophthalmic surgery, as shown in fig. 1-6, including box 1, chamber door 2, diaphragm 5, drive arrangement 6, first motor 61, pivot 62, bearing frame 63, commentaries on classics board 7 and clamping device 9, the front side lower part of box 1 is equipped with chamber door 2, chamber door 2 is connected with box 1 through the hinge, open the right side lower part of box 1 has outlet 3, open at box 1 left side middle part has first through-hole 4, the middle part is connected with diaphragm 5 through bolted connection's mode in the box 1, diaphragm 5 is the level setting, diaphragm 5 is located the top of first through-hole 4, top is equipped with drive arrangement 6 in the box 1, the below of diaphragm 5 is equipped with commentaries on classics board 7, commentaries on classics board 7 is connected with drive arrangement 6's part, commentaries on classics board 7 middle part is opened has a plurality of second through-holes 8, be.
Drive arrangement 6 is including first motor 61, pivot 62 and bearing frame 63, installs first motor 61 through bolted connection's mode in the middle of the top in box 1, and the output shaft of first motor 61 has pivot 62 through the coupling joint, and the embedded bearing frame 63 that installs in middle part of diaphragm 5, the lower part outside and the bearing interference in the bearing frame 63 of pivot 62 are connected, and the bottom of pivot 62 is connected through bolted connection's mode in the middle of with the top of commentaries on classics board 7.
Clamping device 9 is including clamping bar 91, first spring 92 and driving lever 93, and the guide hole has all been opened to the commentaries on classics board 7 left and right sides that is located second through-hole 8, and the slidingtype clamping bar 91 that is equipped with in the guide hole, clamping bar 91 and guide hole cooperation, and clamping bar 91 one end that is located the guide hole is connected with first spring 92, and the other end of first spring 92 is connected with commentaries on classics board 7, and the other end top of clamping bar 91 is connected with driving lever 93.
The washing device 10 is further included, the washing device 10 includes a first one-way clutch 101, a first cam 102, a first cylinder 103, a first piston 104, a first push rod 105, a second spring 106, a first one-way valve 107, a water inlet pipe 108 and a water outlet pipe 109, the outer side of the upper portion of the rotating shaft 62 is connected with the first one-way clutch 101 in a key connection mode, the outer side of the first one-way clutch 101 is connected with the first cam 102 in a key connection mode, the upper portion of the right side in the box body 1 is connected with the first cylinder 103 in a bolt connection mode, the first cylinder 103 is internally provided with the first piston 104 in a sliding mode, the middle of the left side of the first piston 104 is connected with the first push rod 105, the left end of the first push rod 105 is in contact with the first cam 102, the second spring 106 is connected between the left side of the first piston 104 and the left side in the first cylinder 103, the right end and the right end of the top and the, the top check valve is connected with inlet tube 108, and inlet tube 108 runs through box 1 top, and the bottom check valve is connected with outlet pipe 109, and outlet pipe 109 runs through diaphragm 5, and the delivery port of outlet pipe 109 is located the right side of commentaries on classics board 7.
The drying device 11 is further included, the drying device 11 includes a second one-way clutch 111, a second cam 112, a second cylinder 113, a second piston 114, a second push rod 115, a third spring 116, a second one-way valve 117, a first air pipe 118 and a second air pipe 119, the outer side of the middle portion of the rotating shaft 62 is connected with the second one-way clutch 111 through a key connection mode, the middle portion of the outer side of the second one-way clutch 111 is connected with the second cam 112 through a key connection mode, the upper portion of the left side in the box body 1 is connected with the second cylinder 113 through a bolt connection mode, the second piston 114 is arranged in the second cylinder 113 in a sliding mode, the middle portion of the right side of the second piston 114 is connected with the second push rod 115, the right end of the second push rod 115 is in contact with the second cam 112, the third spring 116 is connected between the right side of the second piston 114 and the right side in the second cylinder 113, the left end of the top and the left end of the bottom of the second cylinder, the top check valve is connected with first trachea 118, and first trachea 118 runs through left side upper portion, and the bottom check valve is connected with second trachea 119, and second trachea 119 runs through diaphragm 5 left part, and the gas outlet of second trachea 119 is located the left side of commentaries on classics board 7.
Still including shunt tubes 12 and nozzle 13, the right side middle part is connected with shunt tubes 12 in the box 1, and shunt tubes 12 are located diaphragm 5 below, and the left side of shunt tubes 12 evenly is equipped with a plurality of nozzles 13, and nozzle 13 and shunt tubes 12 sealing connection.
Still including box body 14 and heating wire 15, box body 14 is connected with through bolted connection's mode in box 1 left side upper portion, and the end and the box body 14 right side intercommunication of first trachea 118 are equipped with heating wire 15 in the box body 14, and open the left side of box body 14 has a plurality of third through-holes.
The box body is characterized by further comprising an arc-shaped plate 16, the arc-shaped plate 16 is arranged at the bottom in the box body 1, and the arc-shaped plate 16 is connected with the box body 1 in a bolt connection mode.
The working principle is as follows: during the use, open chamber door 2, put into box 1 with ophthalmic scalpel and press from both sides tightly through clamping device 9, close chamber door 2, start drive arrangement 6 operation, drive arrangement 6 drives commentaries on classics board 7 and rotates, thereby drive the scalpel at 1 internal rotations of box, pour into the clear water from first through-hole 4, thereby wash out pivoted scalpel, so can wash the scalpel clean, waste water that produces during the washing is discharged from outlet 3, after the washing is accomplished, close drive arrangement 6, it can to take out and dry the scalpel after the washing to open chamber door 2.
Because the clamping device 9 comprises the clamping rod 91, the first spring 92 and the shifting rod 93, guide holes are formed in the left side and the right side of the rotating plate 7 in the second through hole 8, the clamping rod 91 is arranged in the guide holes in a sliding mode, the clamping rod 91 is matched with the guide holes, one end of the clamping rod 91 in each guide hole is connected with the first spring 92, the other end of the first spring 92 is connected with the rotating plate 7, and the top of the other end of the clamping rod 91 is connected with the shifting rod 93. When the scalpel handle is used, the left and right shifting rods 93 are respectively shifted to the left and right sides, so that the left and right clamping rods 91 are driven to move to the left and right sides, the first spring 92 is compressed, the scalpel handle penetrates through the bottom of the second through hole 8, the scalpel handle is arranged between the left and right clamping rods 91, the shifting rods 93 are loosened, and the scalpel is clamped by the left and right clamping rods 91 under the action of the first spring 92.
Because drive arrangement 6 is including first motor 61, pivot 62 and bearing frame 63, installs first motor 61 through bolted connection's mode in the middle of the top in box 1, and the output shaft of first motor 61 has pivot 62 through the coupling joint, and the embedded bearing frame 63 that installs in middle part of diaphragm 5, the lower part outside and the bearing interference in the bearing frame 63 of pivot 62 are connected, and the bottom of pivot 62 is connected through bolted connection's mode in the middle of with the top of commentaries on classics board 7. During the use, start first motor 61, first motor 61 rotates and drives pivot 62 and rotate to drive commentaries on classics board 7 and rotate, and then drive the scalpel internal rotation in box 1.
Because the washing device 10 is further included, the washing device 10 includes a first one-way clutch 101, a first cam 102, a first cylinder 103, a first piston 104, a first push rod 105, a second spring 106, a first one-way valve 107, a water inlet pipe 108 and a water outlet pipe 109, the outer side of the upper portion of the rotating shaft 62 is connected with the first one-way clutch 101 in a key connection manner, the outer side of the first one-way clutch 101 is connected with the first cam 102 in a key connection manner, the upper portion of the right side in the box body 1 is connected with the first cylinder 103 in a bolt connection manner, the first cylinder 103 is internally provided with the first piston 104 in a sliding manner, the middle portion of the left side of the first piston 104 is connected with the first push rod 105, the left end of the first push rod 105 is in contact with the first cam 102, the second spring 106 is connected between the left side of the first piston 104 and the left side in the first cylinder 103, the right end and the right end of the top and, the top check valve is connected with inlet tube 108, and inlet tube 108 runs through box 1 top, and the bottom check valve is connected with outlet pipe 109, and outlet pipe 109 runs through diaphragm 5, and the delivery port of outlet pipe 109 is located the right side of commentaries on classics board 7. During the use, with the end and the tap sealing connection of inlet tube 108, start first motor 61 corotation to drive first one-way clutch 101 and rotate, and then drive first cam 102 and rotate, under the effect of second spring 106, first cam 102 rotates and drives first piston 104 and remove about, under the effect of first check valve 107, first piston 104 removes about and drives the delivery port blowout of clear water from outlet pipe 109, thereby wash pivoted scalpel, so can be with the scalpel sanitization, further improve cleaning efficiency.
Because the drying device 11 is further included, the drying device 11 includes a second one-way clutch 111, a second cam 112, a second cylinder 113, a second piston 114, a second push rod 115, a third spring 116, a second one-way valve 117, a first air pipe 118 and a second air pipe 119, the outer side of the middle portion of the rotating shaft 62 is connected with the second one-way clutch 111 through a key connection mode, the middle portion of the outer side of the second one-way clutch 111 is connected with the second cam 112 through a key connection mode, the upper portion of the left side in the box body 1 is connected with the second cylinder 113 through a bolt connection mode, the second cylinder 113 is internally provided with the second piston 114 in a sliding mode, the middle portion of the right side of the second piston 114 is connected with the second push rod 115, the right end of the second push rod 115 is in contact with the second cam 112, the third spring 116 is connected between the right side of the second piston 114 and the right side in the second cylinder 113, the left end of the top and the left end of the bottom of the second, the top check valve is connected with first trachea 118, and first trachea 118 runs through left side upper portion, and the bottom check valve is connected with second trachea 119, and second trachea 119 runs through diaphragm 5 left part, and the gas outlet of second trachea 119 is located the left side of commentaries on classics board 7. During the use, start first motor 61 and reverse to drive second one-way clutch 111 and rotate, and then drive second cam 112 and rotate, under the effect of third spring 116, second cam 112 rotates and drives second piston 114 and remove about, under the effect of second check valve 117, second piston 114 removes about and drives the air and blows off from the end of second trachea 119, thereby weathers the rotatory scalpel, further improves drying efficiency.
Because still including shunt tubes 12 and nozzle 13, the right side middle part is connected with shunt tubes 12 in the box 1, and shunt tubes 12 is located diaphragm 5 below, and the left side of shunt tubes 12 evenly is equipped with a plurality of nozzles 13, and nozzle 13 and shunt tubes 12 sealing connection. Clear water enters the shunt pipe 12 from the water outlet pipe 109 and is sprayed out from the plurality of nozzles 13, so that the scalpel is efficiently washed, and the cleaning efficiency is further improved.
Because still including box body 14 and heating wire 15, box body 14 is connected with through bolted connection's mode in box 1 left side upper portion, and the end and the box body 14 right side intercommunication of first trachea 118 are equipped with heating wire 15 in the box body 14, and open the left side of box body 14 has a plurality of third through-holes. When the drying device is used, the heating wire 15 is started to heat, the drying device 11 runs to bring heat in the box body 14 into the box body 1, and therefore the drying speed of the scalpel is increased, and the drying efficiency is further improved.
Because the box body also comprises the arc-shaped plate 16, the arc-shaped plate 16 is arranged at the bottom in the box body 1, and the arc-shaped plate 16 is connected with the box body 1 in a bolt connection mode. Waste water produced during cleaning falls onto the arc-shaped plate 16 and flows to the outer side of the arc-shaped plate 16 to be discharged from the water outlet 3, so that the waste water discharge efficiency is further improved, accumulated water in the box body 1 is prevented, bacteria are bred, and the cleaning effect of the scalpel is influenced.
The above examples are merely representative of preferred embodiments of the present invention, and the description thereof is more specific and detailed, but not to be construed as limiting the scope of the present invention. It should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, various changes, modifications and substitutions can be made without departing from the spirit of the present invention, and these are all within the scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the present patent shall be subject to the appended claims.

Claims (5)

1. The scalpel cleaning device for the ophthalmologic operation is characterized by comprising a box body (1), a box door (2), a transverse plate (5), a driving device (6), a first motor (61), a rotating shaft (62), a bearing seat (63), a rotating plate (7) and a clamping device (9), wherein the box door (2) is arranged at the lower part of the front side of the box body (1), the box door (2) is connected with the box body (1) through a hinge, a water outlet (3) is formed in the lower part of the right side of the box body (1), a first through hole (4) is formed in the middle part of the left side of the box body (1), the transverse plate (5) is connected to the middle part in the box body (1) in a bolt connection mode, the transverse plate (5) is horizontally arranged, the transverse plate (5) is positioned above the first through hole (4), the driving device (6) is arranged at the top in the box body (1), the rotating plate (7) is arranged below the transverse, a plurality of second through holes (8) are formed in the middle of the rotating plate (7), and clamping devices (9) are arranged in the second through holes (8); the driving device (6) comprises a first motor (61), a rotating shaft (62) and a bearing seat (63), the first motor (61) is installed in the middle of the inner top of the box body (1) in a bolt connection mode, an output shaft of the first motor (61) is connected with the rotating shaft (62) through a coupler, the bearing seat (63) is installed in the middle of the transverse plate (5) in an embedded mode, the outer side of the lower portion of the rotating shaft (62) is in interference connection with a bearing in the bearing seat (63), and the bottom of the rotating shaft (62) is connected with the middle of the top of the rotating plate (7) in a bolt connection mode; the washing device (10) comprises a first one-way clutch (101), a first cam (102), a first cylinder body (103), a first piston (104), a first push rod (105), a second spring (106), a first one-way valve (107), a water inlet pipe (108) and a water outlet pipe (109), the outer side of the upper part of the rotating shaft (62) is connected with the first one-way clutch (101) in a key connection mode, the outer side of the first one-way clutch (101) is connected with the first cam (102) in a key connection mode, the upper part of the inner right side of the box body (1) is connected with the first cylinder body (103) in a bolt connection mode, a first piston (104) is arranged in the first cylinder body (103) in a sliding mode, the middle part of the left side of the first piston (104) is connected with the first push rod (105), the left end of the first push rod (105) is contacted with the first cam (102), the second spring (106) is connected between the left side of the first piston (104) and the inner left side of the, the right end of the top and the right end of the bottom of the first cylinder body (103) are both connected with a first one-way valve (107), the top one-way valve is connected with a water inlet pipe (108), the water inlet pipe (108) penetrates through the top of the box body (1), the bottom one-way valve is connected with a water outlet pipe (109), the water outlet pipe (109) penetrates through the transverse plate (5), and a water outlet of the water outlet pipe (109) is positioned on the right side of the rotating plate (7; the drying device (11) comprises a second one-way clutch (111), a second cam (112), a second cylinder body (113), a second piston (114), a second push rod (115), a third spring (116), a second one-way valve (117), a first air pipe (118) and a second air pipe (119), wherein the outer side of the middle part of the rotating shaft (62) is connected with the second one-way clutch (111) in a key connection mode, the middle part of the outer side of the second one-way clutch (111) is connected with the second cam (112) in a key connection mode, the upper part of the left side in the box body (1) is connected with the second cylinder body (113) in a bolt connection mode, the second piston (114) is arranged in the second cylinder body (113) in a sliding mode, the middle part of the right side of the second piston (114) is connected with the second push rod (115), and the right end of the second push rod (115) is in contact with the second cam (112, be connected with third spring (116) between the right side of second piston (114) and the right side in second cylinder body (113), the top left end and the bottom left end of second cylinder body (113) all are connected with second check valve (117), the top check valve is connected with first trachea (118), first trachea (118) run through left side upper portion, the bottom check valve is connected with second trachea (119), second trachea (119) run through diaphragm (5) left part, the gas outlet of second trachea (119) is located the left side of commentaries on classics board (7).
2. The cleaning device for the scalpel used for the ophthalmologic operation according to claim 1, wherein the clamping device (9) comprises a clamping rod (91), a first spring (92) and a shifting rod (93), guide holes are formed in the left side and the right side of the rotating plate (7) positioned in the second through hole (8), the clamping rod (91) is arranged in the guide holes in a sliding mode, the clamping rod (91) is matched with the guide holes, one end of the clamping rod (91) positioned in the guide holes is connected with the first spring (92), the other end of the first spring (92) is connected with the rotating plate (7), and the shifting rod (93) is connected to the top of the other end of the clamping rod (91).
3. The scalpel cleaning device for the ophthalmologic operation is characterized by further comprising a shunt pipe (12) and nozzles (13), wherein the shunt pipe (12) is connected to the middle of the right side in the box body (1), the shunt pipe (12) is located below the transverse plate (5), the nozzles (13) are uniformly arranged on the left side of the shunt pipe (12), and the nozzles (13) are connected with the shunt pipe (12) in a sealing mode.
4. The cleaning device for the scalpel for the ophthalmologic operation according to claim 2, further comprising a box body (14) and an electric heating wire (15), wherein the box body (14) is connected to the upper portion of the left side of the box body (1) in a bolt connection manner, the tail end of the first air tube (118) is communicated with the right side of the box body (14), the electric heating wire (15) is arranged in the box body (14), and a plurality of third through holes are formed in the left side of the box body (14).
5. The scalpel cleaning device for the ophthalmologic operation according to claim 3, further comprising an arc-shaped plate (16), wherein the arc-shaped plate (16) is arranged at the bottom in the case body (1), and the arc-shaped plate (16) is connected with the case body (1) in a bolt connection mode.
CN201710892724.5A 2017-09-27 2017-09-27 Scalpel belt cleaning device for ophthalmic surgery Active CN107647923B (en)

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CN108784851A (en) * 2018-03-15 2018-11-13 卢星 A kind of knife for surgical purpose flushing device
CN108889701B (en) * 2018-05-14 2021-01-08 宋明明 Medical instrument cleaning equipment capable of preventing mutual collision

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