CN108404145A - Disinfector suitable for general surgery instrument - Google Patents

Disinfector suitable for general surgery instrument Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108404145A
CN108404145A CN201810446073.1A CN201810446073A CN108404145A CN 108404145 A CN108404145 A CN 108404145A CN 201810446073 A CN201810446073 A CN 201810446073A CN 108404145 A CN108404145 A CN 108404145A
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China
Prior art keywords
cleaning
shell
surgical instrument
instrument
several
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Granted
Application number
CN201810446073.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108404145B (en
Inventor
徐自强
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Lu Xiaoyin
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Chengdu Feisipu Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201810446073.1A priority Critical patent/CN108404145B/en
Publication of CN108404145A publication Critical patent/CN108404145A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2/00Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor
    • A61L2/02Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor using physical phenomena
    • A61L2/04Heat
    • A61L2/06Hot gas
    • A61L2/07Steam
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B90/00Instruments, implements or accessories specially adapted for surgery or diagnosis and not covered by any of the groups A61B1/00 - A61B50/00, e.g. for luxation treatment or for protecting wound edges
    • A61B90/70Cleaning devices specially adapted for surgical instruments
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2/00Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor
    • A61L2/02Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor using physical phenomena
    • A61L2/08Radiation
    • A61L2/085Infrared radiation
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2/00Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor
    • A61L2/02Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor using physical phenomena
    • A61L2/08Radiation
    • A61L2/10Ultraviolet radiation
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2/00Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor
    • A61L2/26Accessories or devices or components used for biocidal treatment
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2202/00Aspects relating to methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects
    • A61L2202/10Apparatus features
    • A61L2202/17Combination with washing or cleaning means
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2202/00Aspects relating to methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects
    • A61L2202/20Targets to be treated
    • A61L2202/24Medical instruments, e.g. endoscopes, catheters, sharps

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  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Animal Behavior & Ethology (AREA)
  • Veterinary Medicine (AREA)
  • Public Health (AREA)
  • General Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Epidemiology (AREA)
  • Surgery (AREA)
  • Heart & Thoracic Surgery (AREA)
  • Medical Informatics (AREA)
  • Molecular Biology (AREA)
  • Biomedical Technology (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Pathology (AREA)
  • Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery (AREA)
  • Nuclear Medicine, Radiotherapy & Molecular Imaging (AREA)
  • Apparatus For Disinfection Or Sterilisation (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of disinfectors suitable for general surgery instrument, including shell, the inside of shell is sequentially installed with preliminary cleaning device from top to bottom, ultrasonic cleaning equipment, flusher, high-pressure sterilizer and Light ray sterilization device, several headlamps are installed on the inner wall of shell, surgical instrument cleaning is clean and cleaning is without dead angle, instrument cleaning is more thoroughly cleaner, save manpower, by high pressure, triple disinfections of high temperature and ultraviolet light, surgical instrument disinfection is more thorough, the service life is longer for surgical instrument, surgical instrument will not be collided mutually when cleaning or sterilizing and be damaged, and the design of cushion pad and cloth bag makes to wear or the edge of a knife rust when surgical instrument and sterilization, the cleaning of surgical instrument, disinfecting action is safer, surgical instrument spoilage is small.

Description

Disinfector suitable for general surgery instrument
Technical field
The present invention relates to medical apparatus sterilizing field, specially a kind of sterilization suitable for general surgery instrument fills It sets.
Background technology
Department of general surgery, that is, general surgery, general general hospital's surgery also have orthopaedics, neurosurgery, outside ambition in addition to department of general surgery Section, Urology Surgery etc..Some hospitals even by department of general surgery it is thinner be divided into Jing Ru sections, gastrointestinal surgery, liver and gall pancreas spleen surgery etc., also There are anorectum department, Burn and Plastic Surgery Dept., vascular surgery, pediatric surgery, spare-part surgery, Nutriology Dept. etc. all to have relationship with department of general surgery.
Surgical instrument refers to the medical instrument used in clinical operation, in addition to conventional surgical instrument, more specially The instrument of section:Orthopaedics, urological department, gynemetrics, Department of B urn, plastic surgery, cranial surgery, cardiothoracic surgery, department of general surgery etc..Operation Instrument is the extension of surgeon's hand, has only grasped the design feature and basic performance of various surgical instruments, could correct, spirit It uses livingly, can be only achieved the basic demand of operation " steady, accurate, fast, thin ".General instrument is that surgery often uses device in operation Tool, surgery is often different according to design feature with instrument and is divided into many types and model.
Surgical instrument includes scalpel, separating scissors, vessel forceps, ligature etc., suture needle, drag hook, aspirator etc..
The one surgical instrument operation and maintenance held can appropriately use 10 years, extend the service life of surgical instrument, using Processing after preceding processing and use to surgical instrument, just right, some place operations are relatively more, for surgical instrument The problem of disinfecting time, is difficult to wait for, general just to use plasma sterilization, and instrument is made to corrode, and uses discovery instrument large area several times The case where getting rusty leads to that instrument is had to be changed.In surgical procedure, is polluted by blood or tissue, answer wiping appropriate, and Rinsed with sterile distilled water in gnotobasis, cleaning down can effectively remove blood at the node and gap of instrument and other Pollutant.
For example, application No. is 201510986660.6, patent name is a kind of invention/hair of surgical instrument drying and sterilizing case Bright patent:
It effectively can carry out steam sterilizing, hot air sterilization, ozone sterilization to surgical instrument, and can pass through hot wind Device flash baking has the advantages that sterilization effect is good, operating rate is fast, easy to operation etc. a variety of convenient for timely using.But it performs the operation It also needs to clean before apparatus sterilizing, compares and expend the time, and hot air sterilization and steam sterilizing sterilize and be not thorough.
But existing surgical instrument disinfection device has the following defects:
(1) most of surgical instrument needs human hand work to clean, and takes time and effort, and surgical instrument sharp when cleaning is easy Injure the hand of people;
(2) for chlorination equipment when carrying out disinfection, surgical instrument is due to being packed together, so being carried out in surgical instrument It when high pressure sterilization, can mutually be squeezed between surgical instrument, the cutting edge of some such as scalpels of the instrument with cutting edge can damage, drop The low service life of surgical instrument;
(3) the mode sterilization effect being immersed in fungicide is although good, but the perishable certain surgical instruments of fungicide, also easy Surgical instrument is set to get rusty, chlorination equipment disinfection way is single, and Disinfection Effect is bad, and disinfection is not thorough.
Invention content
In order to overcome the shortcomings of prior art, the present invention provides a kind of disinfection suitable for general surgery instrument and goes out Bacterium device, surgical instrument cleaning is clean and cleaning is without dead angle, and instrument cleaning is more thoroughly cleaner, saves manpower, by high pressure, Triple disinfections of high temperature and ultraviolet light, surgical instrument disinfection is more thorough, and the service life is longer for surgical instrument, and surgical instrument exists Cleaning or sterilizing when will not mutually collide and damage, and the design of cushion pad and cloth bag make surgical instrument and sterilization when It will not wear or edge of a knife rust, the cleaning of surgical instrument, disinfecting action are safer, and surgical instrument spoilage is small, can effectively solve The problem of certainly background technology proposes.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is:
A kind of disinfector suitable for general surgery instrument, including shell, the inside of the shell on to Under be sequentially installed with preliminary cleaning device, ultrasonic cleaning equipment, high-pressure sterilizer and Light ray sterilization device, it is described outer Several headlamps are installed on the inner wall of shell, flushing is additionally provided between the ultrasonic cleaning equipment and high-pressure sterilizer Device.
Further, the preliminary cleaning device includes the cleaning box that top inside the housing is installed by support plate, institute The inside center for stating cleaning box is fixed with oil cylinder, and the cleaning box is internally provided with several pilot trench, and the oil cylinder top passes through work Stopper rod is connected with case lid, and inside the case lid and the base plate interior of cleaning box is equipped with several mounting grooves, peace in the mounting groove Equipped with washing and brushing device.
Further, the case lid is connected with several cleaning solution hoses, and the cleaning solution hose is corresponded with pilot trench, institute The mounting groove stated in the mounting groove and cleaning box on case lid corresponds, and the cleaning solution hose top described in several connects jointly There are liquid pipe, the liquid pipe top to be connected with the cleaning fluid tank for being fixed on housing top end, solenoid valve is installed in the liquid pipe.
Further, the washing and brushing device includes the motor being fixed in mounting groove, and the motor is by exporting axis connection There are brush handle, described brush handle one end to be connected with brush head, the medial surface of the pilot trench and the outside of brush head by way of threaded engagement Several bristles are mounted on face.
Further, the ultrasonic cleaning equipment includes cleaning cylinder, and the cleaning cylinder front is hinged with sealing protection door, The cleaning cylinder top is connected with cleaning pipe, and both sides are equipped with several support bars inside the cleaning cylinder, outside the cleaning cylinder Bottom end is equipped with energy converter by mounting plate, and the support bar apical support has vessel box, the energy converter to be connected with supersonic frequency Power supply.
Further, it is also equipped with heating device inside the cleaning cylinder, the quantity of the vessel box is-a and adjacent Sheng Minimum distance between device box is 1-2mm, if the vessel box is internally provided between dry lattice, the inner wall between the grid and vessel Cushion pad is posted and had on the outer surface of box.
Further, the flusher includes the bull stick by bearing installation inside the shell, is installed on the outside of the bull stick There are the cleaning basket positioned at enclosure, described bull stick one end to be pierced by shell and be externally connected with motor, the cleaning basket is hinged with basket lid, Several compartments are equipped in the cleaning basket, the top and bottom end of the cleaning basket are respectively equipped with fixed flushing water inside the shell Pipe and inclination water outlet plate, the wash tub pipe are connected with jet water pump, and the jet water pump is connected with filtered water tank, and the inclination is discharged plate Bottom end be equipped be located at shell side plate on effluent trough.
Further, the high-pressure sterilizer includes fixed autoclave inside the shell, the autoclave connection There are steam pipe, the autoclave top to be hinged with sealing cover, several instrument disks, the autoclave bottom are inserted in the autoclave End center is equipped with cross recess, and cross is inserted in the cross recess and stablizes block.
Further, cross stabilization block top is fixed with vertical draw bar, and the center of the instrument disk is equipped with bar slot, Several compartments are equipped in the instrument disk, the vertical draw bar is plugged in bar slot, and cloth bag is placed in the compartment.
Further, the Light ray sterilization device include by force bearing plate fix inside the housing the ultraviolet radiator of bottom end and Infrared lamp is separated between the ultraviolet radiator and infrared lamp by thermal insulative board, the ultraviolet radiator and infrared lamp top Outside is mounted on lampshade, and reflecting piece, the inner bottom of the shell are posted on the inner wall of the thermal insulative board and shell Sliding drawer is installed by sliding rail, the sliding drawer is located at the lower section of ultraviolet radiator and infrared lamp, the sliding drawer Be internally provided between several independences, one end of the sliding drawer is also associated with hand lever.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
(1) preliminary cleaning device of the invention and ultrasonic cleaning equipment can respectively to surgical instrument carry out primary cleaning and Secondary cleaning, surgical instrument cleaning is clean and cleaning is without dead angle, and instrument cleaning is more thoroughly cleaner, saves manpower, facilitates The subsequent disinfecting action of surgical instrument;
(2) high-pressure sterilizer of the invention can not only carry out high temperature sterilization to surgical instrument, moreover it is possible to generate high pressure The bacterium in surgical instrument is killed, the ultraviolet light that ultraviolet radiator generates can be killed most of viral and true in surgical instrument Bacterium, infrared lamp can carry out surgical instrument heating antivirus, and can be by surgical instrument heating, drying, by high pressure, high temperature and purple Triple disinfections of outside line, surgical instrument disinfection is more thorough, and surgical instrument reuse is safer, and disinfecting action goes out for physics Bacterium, surgical instrument are not easy to be corroded, and the service life is longer;
(3) surgical instrument of the invention, all in different spaces, makes surgical instrument not when cleaning and sterilizing It can mutually collide and damage, and the design of cushion pad and cloth bag makes to wear when surgical instrument and sterilization or the edge of a knife becomes Blunt, the cleaning of surgical instrument, disinfecting action are safer, and surgical instrument spoilage is small.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the preliminary cleaning device structural schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the ultrasonic cleaning equipment structural schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the cleaning cylinder structural schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the flusher structural schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the high-pressure sterilizer structural schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the light sterilization apparatus structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Figure label:
The preliminary cleaning devices of 1-;2- ultrasonic cleaning equipments;3- high-pressure sterilizers;4- light sterilization devices;5- Flusher;6- sliding drawers;7- shells;
11- cleaning boxes;12- oil cylinders;13- case lids;14- pilot trench;15- mounting grooves;16- washing and brushing devices;17- cleaning solutions are soft Pipe;
161- motors;162- brush handles;163- brush heads;164- bristles;
171- liquid pipes;172- cleaning fluid tanks;173- solenoid valves;
21- cleaning cylinders;22- sealing protection doors;23- cleaning pipes;24- support bars;25- vessel boxes;26- energy converters;27- is super Audio frequency power supply;28- heating devices;29- mounting plates;
Between 251- grids;252- cushion pads;
31- autoclaves;32- steam pipes;33- instrument disks;34- crosses stablize block;The vertical draw bars of 35-;36- cloth bags;
311- sealing covers;312- cross recesses;
331- bar slots;332- compartments;
41- ultraviolet radiator;42- infrared lamps;43- thermal insulative boards;44- reflecting pieces;45- lampshades;
51- bull sticks;52- cleans basket;53- motors;54- wash tub pipes;55- tilts water outlet plate;
521- basket lids;522- compartments;
541- jet water pumps;542- filtered water tanks;
Between 61- independences;62- hand levers;
71- sliding rails;72- effluent troughs;73- force bearing plates.
Specific implementation mode
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation describes, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in Figure 1, the present invention provides a kind of disinfector suitable for general surgery instrument, including shell 7, the inside of the shell 7 is sequentially installed with preliminary cleaning device 1, ultrasonic cleaning equipment 2, high pressure steam sterilization from top to bottom Device 3 and Light ray sterilization device 4 are equipped with several headlamps 8,2 He of the ultrasonic cleaning equipment on the inner wall of the shell 7 Flusher 5 is additionally provided between high-pressure sterilizer 3.
The light of headlamp 8 is pointed on each device inside shell 7, so as to easily observe surgical instrument cleaning feelings Surgical instrument also more easily control can be put or be taken out into each cleaning device and chlorination equipment, save cleaning time by condition.
As shown in Fig. 2, the preliminary cleaning device 1 includes the cleaning box for being mounted on 7 inner tip of shell by support plate 11, the inside center of the cleaning box 11 is fixed with oil cylinder 12, and the cleaning box 11 is internally provided with several pilot trench 14, the oil 12 top of cylinder is connected with case lid 13 by piston rod, and oil cylinder 12 can be with 13 vertical lifting of case lid, to easily control case lid 13 open or close, and save the time of removal equipment and cleaning equipment.In the bottom plate of 13 inside of the case lid and cleaning box 11 Portion is equipped with several mounting grooves 15, and washing and brushing device 16 is equipped in the mounting groove 15.
It need to remark additionally, to make the cleaning solution after instrument cleaning in pilot trench 14 preferably be discharged, at the bottom of pilot trench 14 End is connected with discharge pipe, and switch valve is equipped on discharge pipe, and before instrument is cleaned and in cleaning process, switch valve is closed, Cleaning solution in pilot trench 14 will not flow out, and after instrument cleaning, when cleaning solution can not be used again, turn on the switch Valve makes the cleaning solution in pilot trench 14 be discharged from discharge pipe, saves the cleaning time of pilot trench.
The case lid 13 is connected with several cleaning solution hoses 17, and the cleaning solution hose 17 is corresponded with pilot trench 14, clearly Washing lotion hose 17 can be extended as case lid 13 rises, and can also be shortened as case lid 13 declines.Each 17 energy of cleaning solution hose Cleaning solution is added into each pilot trench 14, the mounting groove 15 on the case lid 13 and the mounting groove 15 1 in cleaning box 11 are a pair of It answers, 17 top of cleaning solution hose described in several is connected with liquid pipe 171 jointly, and 171 top of the liquid pipe, which is connected with, to be fixed on The cleaning fluid tank 172 on 7 top of shell is equipped with solenoid valve 173 in the liquid pipe 171.
The washing and brushing device 16 includes the motor 161 being fixed in mounting groove 15, and motor 161 here is drip-proof motors, It can effectively prevent cleaning solution splashing or leak into the inside of motor 161, to extend the service life of motor 161.The horse Brush handle 162 is connected with by output shaft up to 161,162 one end of the brush handle is connected with brush head 163 by way of threaded engagement, I.e. brush head 163 is removably joined together with brush handle 162, it is excessive in bristle consumption and when influencing the cleaning efficiency of instrument, more Changing brush head 163, more changing brush head 163 are convenient and efficient, can keep higher cleaning efficiency.
Brush head 163 is put at work in pilot trench 14, is cleaned to the surgical instrument in pilot trench 14.The pilot trench 14 Several bristles 164 are mounted on the lateral surface of medial surface and brush head 163, bristle 164 here is natural bristles or nylon yarn material Matter is made, and material is soft, and instrument will not be scratched when instrument is scrubbed in rotation.
Preferably, because instrument is contacted with bristle 164, therefore, instrument will not be damaged because of shock, blade Cutting edge will not rust, and only fill a surgical instrument in each pilot trench 14, surgical instrument will not be collided and be damaged between each other, Pollutant between surgical instrument will not transmit, and improve the safety of surgical instrument cleaning.
Preferably, it is covered when on cleaning box 11 in case lid 13, there are two brush head 163 in each pilot trench 14, two A brush head 163 is located above and below surgical instrument, after the startup of motor 161, the bristle 164 on two brush heads 163 The foul of instrument bottom surface and top surface is rotated and cleans, and instrument can also rotate under the rotation force effect of bristle 164, instrument is revolving It is cleaned by the bristle 164 on 14 side wall of pilot trench when turning, the area that bristle 164 scrubs surgical instrument is big, scrubs more thoroughly, carries High instrument scrubs efficiency.And instrument hardly touches the inner wall of pilot trench 14 when cleaning,
Preliminary cleaning device 1 is as follows to the cleaning operation of surgical instrument:
(1) oil cylinder 12 starts, and the hydraulic oil volume in oil cylinder 12 increases, and pressure increases, and piston and piston rod is driven to rise, To drive driving box to rise, then surgical instrument for clearance is put into pilot trench 14, a hand is put into each pilot trench 14 Art instrument avoids mutual collision and pollution, and then oil cylinder 12 drives case lid 13 to decline (the hydraulic oil volume in oil cylinder 12 Reduce, negative pressure band piston and piston rod decline, to decline with driving case lid 13), so that case lid 13 is covered on cleaning box 11;
(2) opening solenoid valve 173 makes the fluid passage in liquid pipe 171 be connected, and the cleaning solution in cleaning fluid tank 172 is from liquid pipe 171 reach in multiple cleaning solution hoses 17, and then cleaning solution flows into each pilot trench 14 and floods surgical instrument, in pilot trench 14 After being added to enough cleaning solutions, solenoid valve 173 is closed;
(3) starter motor 161,161 driving brush 163 of motor rotation, to make the bristle contacted with equipment surfaces 164 not Stop it is swiped through in surgical instrument, add cleaning solution dissolution, soon the foul on surgical instrument surface can be scrubbed Totally.
As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, the ultrasonic cleaning equipment 2 includes cleaning cylinder 21, and 21 front of the cleaning cylinder is hinged with Sealing protection door 22 when sealing protection door 22 is shut, can effectively prevent 21 leak of cleaning cylinder, be equipped on sealing protection door 22 transparent Observation window can observe the height and cleaning situation of cleaning solution in time.21 top of the cleaning cylinder is connected with cleaning pipe 23, cleaning pipe 23 tops can directly be connected with cleaning fluid tank 172, and valve whether control cleaning solution flowing is also equipped in cleaning pipe 23. 21 inside both sides of the cleaning cylinder are equipped with several support bars 24, and 21 external bottom end of the cleaning cylinder is equipped with by mounting plate 29 Energy converter 26,24 apical support of the support bar have vessel box 25, the energy converter 26 to be connected with ultrasonic frequency power 27.
The Cleaning principle of ultrasonic cleaning equipment 2 is:The alternating current of 50Hz is converted into supersonic frequency electricity by ultrasonic frequency power 27 After oscillator signal, by cable transfer to ultrasonic transducer 26, supersonic frequency electric energy is converted into mechanical oscillation by ultrasonic transducer 26 And ultrasonic wave is radiated to the cleaning solution being contained in slot by clean tank wall.Liquid in cleaning solution generates cavitation, cavitation institute Insoluble dirt that the immense pressure of generation can be destroyed in surgical instrument and so that them is scattered in cleaning solution.
Preferably, operation equipment surfaces large area, easy cleaning foul is carried out by first wash device 1 preliminary Scrub, alleviates the cleaning pressure of ultrasonic cleaning equipment 2, and then ultrasonic cleaning equipment 2 carries out surgical instrument secondary clear Wash by surgical instrument insoluble dirt and difficult clean corner dirt all remove clean, surgical instrument is cleaner, cleaning More thoroughly, it is convenient for subsequent sterilization operation, and super refreshing wave can also tentatively kill some bacteriums or the being in surgical instrument, improves Germicidal efficiency.
Heating device 28 is also equipped with inside the cleaning cylinder 21, heating device 28 can be heating plate, heat block or add Cleaning solution can be heated to best cleaning temp, can greatly speed up the cleaning speed of surgical instrument simultaneously by heat pipe, heating device 28 Improve the cleannes of surgical instrument.The quantity of the vessel box 25 is that the minimum distance between 3-6 and adjacent vessel box 25 is 1-2mm makes the surgical instrument being placed in vessel box 25 not shake when vibrating because of ultrasonic wave outside vessel box 25, The bottom and side of vessel box 25 are equipped with several through-holes, and to keep the cleaning solution that surgical instrument contacts more, cleaning effect is more It is good.
The design of multiple vessel boxes 25 makes once clean a large amount of surgical instrument in cleaning cylinder 21, is conducive to batch The cleaning of surgical instrument, and vessel box 25 is similar to drawer, injecting or take out cleaning cylinder 21 by vessel box 25 all relatively easily saves Power accelerates the transfer cleaning of surgical instrument, the time of sterilisation step.
If the vessel box 25 is internally provided with 251 between dry lattice, the appearance of 251 inner wall and vessel box 25 between the grid Cushion pad 252 is posted and had on face, and when surgical instrument is vibrated because of ultrasonic wave, surgical instrument can be with cushion pad 252 It is in contact, cushion pad 252 is made of soft material, such as silica gel, sponge object, can effectively prevent the shock damage of surgical instrument It is bad.
Ultrasonic cleaning equipment 2 is to the cleaning process of surgical instrument:
(1) sealing protection door 22 is opened, vessel box 25 is extracted out from support bar 24, is then put into each surgical instrument In 251 between each grid in vessel box 25;
(2) vessel box 25 is put into cleaning cylinder 21, keeps horizontal, is then shut off sealing protection door 22, at this moment cleaning cylinder A confined space is formed in 21, is opened 23 valve of cleaning pipe, so that cleaning solution is flowed into cleaning cylinder 21 along cleaning pipe 23, directly Valve is closed after flooding all vessel boxes 25 to cleaning solution;
(3) cleaning solution is first heated to suitable temperature by heating device 28, and then ultrasonic frequency power 27 starts, energy converter 26 to Cleaning solution in cleaning cylinder 21 radiates ultrasonic wave, is carried out to surgical instrument clear to make cleaning solution ceaselessly generate cavitation It washes.
It need to remark additionally, the cleaning solution in cleaning cylinder 21 generally can be reused, but cleaning solution is through excessive Also can be dirty after secondary cleaning, cleaning solution is at this moment just needed to change, inlet tube is connected in the top side of cleaning cylinder 21, new convenient for addition Cleaning solution, and it is connected with outlet tube in the bottom side of cleaning cylinder 21, it is convenient for the discharge of cleaning solution, is respectively mounted on inlet tube and outlet tube There is valve, when carrying out cleaning operation to surgical instrument in cleaning cylinder 21, valve is closed, and is ensured the leakproofness of cleaning, is needed to add Valve is opened again when new cleaning solution, venting old cleaning solution.
As shown in figure 5, the flusher 5 includes the bull stick 51 being mounted on by bearing in shell 7, outside the bull stick 51 Side is equipped with the cleaning basket 52 inside shell 7, and 51 one end of the bull stick is pierced by shell 7 and is externally connected with motor 53, described clear Washing basket 52 is hinged with basket lid 521, and several compartments 522 are equipped in the cleaning basket 52, foam protective is equipped in compartment 522 Layer, prevent surgical instrument because the impulse force of water hit cleaning basket 52 wall surface due to damage.It is all provided in cleaning basket 52 and on foam protective layer There is through-hole, surgical instrument is made preferably to be rinsed by clear water.
Preferably, due to surgical instrument when being rinsed with cleaning basket 52 gyrate, so different Multiple surgical instruments, surgical instrument multiple faces rinsed, flush efficiency is high, it is cleaner to rinse.
The wash tub pipe 54 is connected with jet water pump 541, and the jet water pump 541 is connected with filtered water tank 542.Jet water spout 54 Water jet is lower to the right to be tilted, and can make the area bigger of water flushing, surgical instrument flush efficiency higher in this way.
Preferably, the viscous dirt stayed in surgical instrument surface and cleaning solution are washed out conducive to the impulse force of water, surgical instrument is more Totally, the follow-up germicidal efficiency of instrument is improved.
The top and bottom end of the cleaning basket 52 are respectively equipped with the wash tub pipe 54 being fixed in shell 7 and tilt water outlet plate 55, the side section shape for tilting water outlet plate 55 is " U "-shaped, and clear water easily can be transported to outside shell 7, tilts water outlet plate 55 The left and right sides and top are tightly connected with outer casing inner wall, to which avoidable water leaks into the bottom end of shell 7 and cause to fill sterilization The influence set.The bottom end for tilting water outlet plate 55 is equipped with the effluent trough 72 being located on 7 side plate of shell, to tilt water outlet plate 55 7 outside of shell is stretched out in bottom end, to make the water of cleaning preferably be collected, is unlikely to pollute ground.
The course of work of flusher 5 is:
First surgical instrument is respectively put into each compartment 52 in cleaning basket 52, then covers basket lid 521, starts electricity Machine 53, motor 53 start jet water pump 541 with bull stick 51 and the slowly rotation in shell 7 of cleaning basket 52, and jet water pump 541 will Clear water is transported to jet water spout 54 from filtered water tank 542, and then clear water directive due to the pressure of pump cleans basket 52, cleans the hand in basket 52 Art instrument is rinsed, and the dirty water after flushing is flowed out from water outlet plate 55 is tilted outside shell 7.
As shown in fig. 6, the high-pressure sterilizer 3 includes the autoclave 31 being fixed in shell 7, the autoclave 31 are connected with steam pipe 32, and steam pipe 32 is connected with steam generator, can be passed through high-temperature steam into autoclave 31.It is described to go out 31 tops of bacterium pot are hinged with sealing cover 311, several instrument disks 33 are inserted in the autoclave 31, in 31 bottom end of the autoclave The heart is equipped with cross recess 312, and cross is inserted in the cross recess 312 and stablizes block 34.
The cross stablizes 34 top of block and is fixed with vertical draw bar 35, and cross is stablized block 34 and is inserted in cross recess 312, makes Vertical draw bar 35 and instrument disk 33 are more stablized in autoclave 31.The center of the instrument disk 33 is equipped with bar slot 331, vertically Draw bar 35 can pass through the bar slot 331 on multiple instrument disks 33, and cross, which stablizes block 34, to lift instrument disk 33, make surgical instrument Take out it is more easily quick.Several compartments 332 are equipped in the instrument disk 33, the vertical draw bar 35 is plugged in bar slot In 331, cloth bag 36 is placed in the compartment 332.Cloth bag 36 have cushion performance, can effectively prevent surgical instrument because high pressure with 33 contact force of instrument disk is excessive and deforms.
The sterilized principle for germ of high-pressure sterilizer 3 and steps are as follows:
(1) before surgical instrument is put into autoclave 31, first surgical instrument is put into the cloth bag 36 in compartment 332, Then cloth bag is closed;
(2) instrument disk 33 is put into one by one in autoclave 31 again, so that vertical draw bar 35 is passed through bar slot 331, then layer Stacking adds, until all instrument disks 33 are put into autoclave 31;
(3) sealing cover 311 is covered, steam is then passed through into the autoclave 31 of sealing by steam pipe 32, in autoclave It is also associated with air gauge and thermometer on 31, air gauge and thermometer are observed, when air pressure reaches 140kPa, temperature in autoclave 31 When reaching 130 degrees Celsius, stop heating and supercharging, so that the steam in autoclave 31 is kept such temperature and air pressure, make Surgical instrument waits for 40min or so in autoclave 31, and the hot environment and hyperbaric environment in autoclave 31 can be well by operations Bacterium on instrument kills;
(4) after autoclave 31 sterilizes, sealing cover 311 is opened, is drawn vertically using clamps such as pliers or tweezers The top of bar 35, you can take out the surgical instrument after all be sterilized.
As shown in fig. 7, the Light ray sterilization device 4 includes being fixed on the ultraviolet of 7 inner bottom of shell by force bearing plate 73 Line lamp 41 and infrared lamp 42, are separated between the ultraviolet radiator 41 and infrared lamp 42 by thermal insulative board 43,43 energy of thermal insulative board The heating of infrared ray is prevented to be transmitted at ultraviolet radiator 41, two light are independent of each other.
The ultraviolet radiator 41 and 42 apical lateral of infrared lamp are mounted on lampshade 45, can be effectively by light directive The surgical instrument of lower section, enhances light efficiency, avoids the waste of light.It is posted on the inner wall of the thermal insulative board 43 and shell 7 Reflecting piece 44 can farthest use the light of scattering, and illumination range is wider, can be simultaneously to more surgical instruments It carries out disinfection.
The sterilizing mechanisms of infrared lamp 41 are mainly heated to 120 DEG C or so using far infrared to surgical instrument, keep 10-15min makes the microflora organisms proteinaceous tissue denaturation including bacterium, virus and reaches and kill bacterium, viral mesh 's.And infrared lamp 41 can not only kill bacterium, and the droplet in surgical instrument can be made to disappear, to make surgical instrument more Dry cleansing is conducive to vacuum packaging and preservation to surgical instrument.
The sterilizing mechanisms of ultraviolet radiator 42 are:By ultraviolet light to the photograph of the microorganisms such as bacterium, virus in surgical instrument It penetrates, to destroy the structure of DNA (nuclifort) in its body, keeps it dead immediately or lose fertility.With preferable Bactericidal effect ultraviolet light be C wave ultraviolet lights, especially best with the ultraviolet light of wavelength 254nm or so, ultraviolet light can be killed respectively Kind microorganism, including bacterial propagule, brood cell, mycobacterium, virus, fungi, Richettsia and mycoplasma etc., have wide spectrum Property.
The inner bottom of the shell 7 is equipped with sliding drawer 6 by sliding rail 71, and the sliding drawer 6 is located at ultraviolet light The base area size of the lower section of lamp 41 and infrared lamp 42, sliding drawer 6 is smaller than the illuminating area of ultraviolet light or infrared ray, because All surgical instruments in this sliding drawer 6 can be killed virus by ultraviolet light or infrared ray.If the sliding drawer 6 is internally provided with 61 between dry independence, one end of the sliding drawer 6 is also associated with hand lever 62, and hand lever 62 is made of heat-insulating material, can prevent from sending out Blanching hand.
Preferably, keep the filling of surgical instrument and taking-up all easily incomparable by the design of sliding drawer 6, and make operation Instrument is easily transformed into infrared sterilization from ultraviolet sterilization, saves the time.
The operating procedure of Light ray sterilization device 4 is:
First surgical instrument is put into 61 between independence, then sliding drawer 6 is put on sliding rail 71, sliding drawer 6 is slided To the underface of ultraviolet radiator 42, at this moment surgical instrument receives the illumination of ultraviolet light, a large amount of bacteriums in surgical instrument and virus Be killed, after a period of time, pull hand lever 62, so that sliding drawer 6 is slided into the underface of infrared ray 41, at this moment surgical instrument by High-temperature heating, therefore bacterium is killed again, and surgical instrument is dried, and after sterilization, is carried out in time to surgical instrument close Package fills, and so that surgical instrument is preserved more preferable, will not be infected with germs.
It need to remark additionally, to ensure the leakproofness of Light ray sterilization device 4, in the outer outlets of Light ray sterilization device 4 Shell 7 on be hinged with hermatic door, hermatic door is equipped with the rod aperture for allowing hand lever 62 to pass through, and receives light in surgical instrument in this way When sterilization, outside air hardly enters in the space and environment of light sterilization, so as to avoid air to surgical device The pollution of tool.After surgical instrument is sterilized, quickly surgical instrument taken out and with vacuum bag packages, to prevent by air Corrosion or pollution.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that invention is not limited to the details of the above exemplary embodiments, Er Qie In the case of without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the invention, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter From the point of view of which point, the present embodiments are to be considered as illustrative and not restrictive, and the scope of the present invention is by appended power Profit requires rather than above description limits, it is intended that all by what is fallen within the meaning and scope of the equivalent requirements of the claims Variation is included within the present invention.Any reference signs in the claims should not be construed as limiting the involved claims.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of disinfector suitable for general surgery instrument, including shell (7), it is characterised in that:The shell (7) inside is sequentially installed with preliminary cleaning device (1), ultrasonic cleaning equipment (2), high-pressure sterilizer from top to bottom (3) and Light ray sterilization device (4), several headlamps (8), the ultrasonic cleaning dress are installed on the inner wall of the shell (7) It sets and is additionally provided with flusher (5) between (2) and high-pressure sterilizer (3).
2. disinfector according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The preliminary cleaning device (1) includes fixing Mounted on the cleaning box (11) of shell (7) inner tip, the inside center of the cleaning box (11) is fixed with oil cylinder (12), described Cleaning box (11) is internally provided with several pilot trench (14), and oil cylinder (12) top is connected with case lid (13), institute by piston rod It states the internal base plate interior with cleaning box (11) of case lid (13) and is equipped with several mounting grooves (15), installed in the mounting groove (15) There is washing and brushing device (16).
3. disinfector according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The case lid (13) is connected with several cleaning solutions Hose (17), the cleaning solution hose (17) and pilot trench (14) correspond, the mounting groove (15) on the case lid (13) with it is clear Mounting groove (15) in clean case (11) corresponds, and cleaning solution hose (17) top described in several is connected with liquid pipe jointly (171), liquid pipe (171) top is connected with the cleaning fluid tank (172) for being fixed on shell (7) top, on the liquid pipe (171) Solenoid valve (173) is installed.
4. disinfector according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The washing and brushing device (16) includes being fixed on peace Motor (161) in tankage (15), the motor (161) are connected with brush handle (162), the brush handle (162) one by output shaft It holds and is connected with brush head (163) by way of threaded engagement, on the medial surface of the pilot trench (14) and the lateral surface of brush head (163) It is mounted on several bristles (164).
5. disinfector according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The ultrasonic cleaning equipment (2) includes clear Cylinder (21) is washed, cleaning cylinder (21) front is hinged with sealing protection door (22), and cleaning cylinder (21) top is connected with cleaning It manages (23), the internal both sides of the cleaning cylinder (21) are equipped with several support bars (24), and cleaning cylinder (21) external bottom end passes through Mounting plate (29) is equipped with energy converter (26), and support bar (24) apical support has vessel box (25), the energy converter (26) It is connected with ultrasonic frequency power (27).
6. disinfector according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:It is also equipped with and adds inside the cleaning cylinder (21) Thermal (28), the quantity of the vessel box (25) are that the minimum distance between 3-6 and adjacent vessel box (25) is 1-2mm, The vessel box (25) if between being internally provided with dry lattice (251), the appearance of the inner wall of (251) and vessel box (25) between the grid Cushion pad (252) is posted and had on face.
7. disinfector according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The flusher (5) includes passing through bearing Bull stick (51) in shell (7), bull stick (51) outside are equipped with positioned at the internal cleaning basket (52) of shell (7), Described bull stick (51) one end is pierced by shell (7) and is externally connected with motor (53), and the cleaning basket (52) is hinged with basket lid (521), institute State and be equipped with several compartments (522) in cleaning basket (52), the top and bottom end of the cleaning basket (52) be respectively equipped be fixed on it is outer Wash tub pipe (54) in shell (7) and inclination water outlet plate (55), the wash tub pipe (54) is connected with jet water pump (541), described Jet water pump (541) is connected with filtered water tank (542), and the bottom end for tilting water outlet plate (55), which is equipped with, to be located on shell (7) side plate Effluent trough (72).
8. disinfector according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The high-pressure sterilizer (3) includes The autoclave (31) being fixed in shell (7), the autoclave (31) are connected with steam pipe (32), autoclave (31) top It is hinged with sealing cover (311), several instrument disks (33), autoclave (31) bottom center are inserted in the autoclave (31) Equipped with cross recess (312), it is inserted with cross in the cross recess (312) and stablizes block (34).
9. disinfector according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:The cross is stablized block (34) top and is fixed with The center of vertical draw bar (35), the instrument disk (33) is equipped with bar slot (331), and several compartments are equipped in the instrument disk (33) (332), the vertical draw bar (35) is plugged in bar slot (331), and cloth bag (36) is placed in the compartment (332).
10. disinfector according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The Light ray sterilization device (4) includes passing through Force bearing plate (73) is fixed on the ultraviolet radiator (41) and infrared lamp (42) of shell (7) inner bottom, the ultraviolet radiator (41) It is separated by thermal insulative board (43) between infrared lamp (42), the ultraviolet radiator (41) and infrared lamp (42) apical lateral are equal Lampshade (45) is installed, reflecting piece (44), the shell are posted on the inner wall of the thermal insulative board (43) and shell (7) (7) inner bottom is equipped with sliding drawer (6) by sliding rail (71), the sliding drawer (6) be located at ultraviolet radiator (41) and The lower section of infrared lamp (42), between being internally provided with several independences (61) of the sliding drawer (6), the sliding drawer (6) One end is also associated with hand lever (62).
CN201810446073.1A 2018-05-11 2018-05-11 Disinfection and sterilization device suitable for surgical instruments in general surgery department Active CN108404145B (en)

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Cited By (9)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110772339A (en) * 2019-11-13 2020-02-11 刘晓之 Orthopedics apparatus rack
CN110840568A (en) * 2019-12-09 2020-02-28 江西同德药业发展有限公司 High-frequency electrotome for laparoscopic surgery
CN112756329A (en) * 2020-12-25 2021-05-07 彭青珍 High-safety efficient cleaning and disinfecting device for surgical instruments
CN113521325A (en) * 2021-09-09 2021-10-22 江苏众拾家居科技有限公司 Steam sterilizing device for furniture surface cloth production
CN113558790A (en) * 2021-07-23 2021-10-29 中国人民解放军陆军特色医学中心 Surgical instrument pretreatment robot
CN113907892A (en) * 2021-11-09 2022-01-11 北京欧白医疗器械有限公司 Multifunctional medical instrument storage equipment
CN114160473A (en) * 2021-11-11 2022-03-11 南昌大学 Automatic whole-course cleaning, sterilizing and storing cabinet for surgical instruments
EP4062946A3 (en) * 2021-03-24 2023-01-11 Grass GmbH Furniture with a furniture body and a movable furniture part
WO2023050979A1 (en) * 2022-04-25 2023-04-06 华北理工大学 Specialized cleaning and disinfecting machine for stomatologic instrument

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CN107457225A (en) * 2017-08-29 2017-12-12 成都菲斯普科技有限公司 A kind of medical apparatus sterilizing cleaning machine
CN107998414A (en) * 2017-12-21 2018-05-08 昆山沃德诺利信息技术有限公司 A kind of medical operating knife chlorination equipment

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JP2000084053A (en) * 1998-09-10 2000-03-28 Katsuyuki Tanaka Circulatory disinfecting device
CN107320744A (en) * 2017-07-28 2017-11-07 张荟芬 A kind of medicine equipment cleaning sterilizing device
CN107457225A (en) * 2017-08-29 2017-12-12 成都菲斯普科技有限公司 A kind of medical apparatus sterilizing cleaning machine
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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110772339A (en) * 2019-11-13 2020-02-11 刘晓之 Orthopedics apparatus rack
CN110772339B (en) * 2019-11-13 2022-08-09 刘晓之 Orthopedics apparatus rack
CN110840568A (en) * 2019-12-09 2020-02-28 江西同德药业发展有限公司 High-frequency electrotome for laparoscopic surgery
CN110840568B (en) * 2019-12-09 2022-08-02 江西奇仁生物科技有限责任公司 High-frequency electrotome for laparoscopic surgery
CN112756329A (en) * 2020-12-25 2021-05-07 彭青珍 High-safety efficient cleaning and disinfecting device for surgical instruments
EP4062946A3 (en) * 2021-03-24 2023-01-11 Grass GmbH Furniture with a furniture body and a movable furniture part
CN113558790A (en) * 2021-07-23 2021-10-29 中国人民解放军陆军特色医学中心 Surgical instrument pretreatment robot
CN113521325A (en) * 2021-09-09 2021-10-22 江苏众拾家居科技有限公司 Steam sterilizing device for furniture surface cloth production
CN113907892A (en) * 2021-11-09 2022-01-11 北京欧白医疗器械有限公司 Multifunctional medical instrument storage equipment
CN114160473A (en) * 2021-11-11 2022-03-11 南昌大学 Automatic whole-course cleaning, sterilizing and storing cabinet for surgical instruments
WO2023050979A1 (en) * 2022-04-25 2023-04-06 华北理工大学 Specialized cleaning and disinfecting machine for stomatologic instrument

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