CN107351794A - A kind of front axle assy and automobile - Google Patents

A kind of front axle assy and automobile Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107351794A
CN107351794A CN201710706563.6A CN201710706563A CN107351794A CN 107351794 A CN107351794 A CN 107351794A CN 201710706563 A CN201710706563 A CN 201710706563A CN 107351794 A CN107351794 A CN 107351794A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
longeron
connector
axle assy
plate
detachably
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710706563.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
丁振龙
余丽娟
杨伟国
尹晓熙
陈鑫
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SUZHOU ZIJING QINGYUAN NEW ENERGY AUTOMOBILE TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Original Assignee
SUZHOU ZIJING QINGYUAN NEW ENERGY AUTOMOBILE TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SUZHOU ZIJING QINGYUAN NEW ENERGY AUTOMOBILE TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd filed Critical SUZHOU ZIJING QINGYUAN NEW ENERGY AUTOMOBILE TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710706563.6A priority Critical patent/CN107351794A/en
Publication of CN107351794A publication Critical patent/CN107351794A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R19/00Wheel guards; Radiator guards, e.g. grilles; Obstruction removers; Fittings damping bouncing force in collisions
    • B60R19/02Bumpers, i.e. impact receiving or absorbing members for protecting vehicles or fending off blows from other vehicles or objects
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R19/00Wheel guards; Radiator guards, e.g. grilles; Obstruction removers; Fittings damping bouncing force in collisions
    • B60R19/02Bumpers, i.e. impact receiving or absorbing members for protecting vehicles or fending off blows from other vehicles or objects
    • B60R19/24Arrangements for mounting bumpers on vehicles
    • B60R19/26Arrangements for mounting bumpers on vehicles comprising yieldable mounting means
    • B60R19/34Arrangements for mounting bumpers on vehicles comprising yieldable mounting means destroyed upon impact, e.g. one-shot type
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62DMOTOR VEHICLES; TRAILERS
    • B62D21/00Understructures, i.e. chassis frame on which a vehicle body may be mounted
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62DMOTOR VEHICLES; TRAILERS
    • B62D21/00Understructures, i.e. chassis frame on which a vehicle body may be mounted
    • B62D21/02Understructures, i.e. chassis frame on which a vehicle body may be mounted comprising longitudinally or transversely arranged frame members

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of front axle assy and automobile, belong to automobile technical field.Front axle assy provided by the present invention includes main car frame component, subframe component and the spring mounting bracket being detachably connected, main car frame component includes collision prevention girders, energy-absorption box, the first longeron and the first connector, spring mounting bracket is provided with first longeron, the first connector is used to connect battery installing rack.Subframe component includes subframe framework, the second connector and the 3rd connector being detachably connected.The front axle assy can avoid, due to each parts deformation caused by welding, so as to improve the assembly precision of front axle assy, reducing dismounting difficulty by the way that each parts for forming front axle assy are detachably connected.And the use of fixture can be reduced, improve packaging efficiency.By the way that main car frame component and subframe component are arranged into symmetrical structure, be advantageous to improve the versatility of each parts, reduce the mould produced required for each parts.

Description

A kind of front axle assy and automobile
Technical field
The present invention relates to automobile technical field, more particularly to a kind of front axle assy and the automobile using the front axle assy.
Background technology
In recent years, as the increasingly rare and people's energy conservation and environmental awareness of the energy steps up, people are for automobile Energy-conserving and environment-protective performance increasingly pay attention to, have become the trend of development of automobile.Compared to orthodox car, lightweight automobile is saving There can be very big advantage in terms of environmental protection, lightweight automobile is exactly on the premise of automobile intensity and security performance is ensured, to the greatest extent may be used Energy ground reduces the total quality of automobile, so as to improve the dynamic property of automobile, reduces fuel consumption, reduces exhaust pollution.
In the prior art, mainly there are two kinds of body structures, bearing-type and Non-carrying type.The front axle assy of separate frame construction It is mainly used in two front vehicle wheels of connection and support body forward structure, when making automobile front axle, various shapes typically is made using steel The parts of shape, then each parts are welded to form front axle assy;And monocoque body, realize the body construction of identical function Commonly referred to as preceding housing assembly, mainly formed by the welding of a variety of steel pressing sheet materials and bolt connection.Commercial car uses bearing-type more Body mechanism.Either monocoque body, or separate frame construction, it is all mainly to use steel component parts, so as to cause Body quality is larger, is unfavorable for the lightweight of automobile, and parts are various, and each parts are individually designed, and each parts are equal Particular manufacturing craft is needed, each component universality is poor, so as to cause the mould for manufacturing each parts excessive, the manufacture of propons or front deck Cost is too high, fabrication cycle length, and assembling difficulty is big.And each parts are more by being welded to form, and cause which assembly and disassembly is stranded, structure Deformation is serious, and labor intensity is big.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the present invention to provide a kind of front axle assy, and the front axle assy cost is low, fabrication cycle is short, assembling Dismounting is easily, assembly precision is high and deformation is small.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a kind of automobile, the front axle assy dismounting of the automobile assembles easy, assembling Precision is high, be not susceptible to deformation and service life is grown.
To use following technical scheme up to this purpose, the present invention:
A kind of front axle assy is provided, including:
Main car frame component, its energy-absorption box for including collision prevention girders and being arranged on the collision prevention girders both ends, the energy-absorption box are remote One end from the collision prevention girders is removably connected with the first longeron and the first connector successively, and first connector is used to connect Battery installing rack;
Subframe component, it includes subframe framework, the second connector and the 3rd connector, described second connector one end It is detachably connected with the front portion of the subframe framework, the other end is detachably connected with first longeron;3rd connection Part one end and the rear end of the subframe framework are detachably connected, and the other end is detachably connected with first connector;
Spring mounting bracket, it, which is arranged on first longeron, is used for mounting shock absorber.
Preferably, the subframe framework is rectangular frame, it includes front beam and is arranged on the front beam two Second longeron at end, rear cross beam is provided between two second longerons.
Preferably, it is detachably connected between the front beam and second longeron by the 4th connector, described The first neck and the second neck are provided with four connectors, first neck is used for front beam described in clamping, second card Groove is used for the second longeron described in clamping.
Preferably, the rear cross beam both ends are provided with the 3rd neck for the second longeron described in clamping.
Preferably, second connector includes the support frame and connecting plate being detachably connected, support frame as described above one end With the subframe framework grafting, the 4th neck for the first longeron described in clamping is provided with the support frame as described above other end, The connecting plate is arranged between support frame as described above and the energy-absorption box, and being provided with the connecting plate allows the energy-absorption box to wear The receiving hole crossed, the receiving hole are symmetrical arranged with the 4th neck.
Preferably, the spring mounting bracket includes upper plate and support, described support one end connects with first longeron Connect, the other end is connected with the upper plate, and the mounting hole for installing the damper is provided with the upper plate.
Preferably, it is additionally provided with deep floor between the support and first longeron.
Preferably, be provided with buttress brace between two first longerons, the buttress brace and first longeron it Between connected by connecting seat.
Preferably, first connector includes the connection body and installing plate being fixedly connected, the installing plate is used for Battery installing rack is connected, the described one end of connection body away from the installing plate is provided with the grafting of the first longeron described in grafting Mouthful.
A kind of automobile, include front axle assy described above.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
Front axle assy provided by the present invention includes main car frame component, subframe component and spring mounting bracket, main car frame Component includes collision prevention girders, and collision prevention girders both ends are connected with energy-absorption box, the first longeron and the first connector in turn respectively, on the first longeron Spring mounting bracket is provided with, the first connector is used to connect battery installing rack.Subframe component is mainly used in supporting main car frame Component, subframe component include subframe framework, the second connector and the 3rd connector, and the second connector and the 3rd connector are equal It is detachably connected with subframe framework, the one end of the second connector away from subframe framework is detachably connected with the first longeron, the The one end of three connectors away from subframe framework is detachably connected with the first connector.
By the way that each parts for forming front axle assy are detachably connected, can avoid due to each parts caused by welding Deformation, so as to improve the assembly precision of front axle assy, when a certain damage parts need to change in front axle assy, detachably Connection is also beneficial to reduce dismounting difficulty.Before assembling during axle assembly, by using the first connector, the second connector and the 3rd The structure positioning installation of connector itself, advantageously reduces the use of fixture, so as to improve packaging efficiency.By by main car frame group Part and subframe component are arranged to symmetrical structure, are advantageous to improve the versatility of each parts, so as to reduce each parts of production Required mould, and then production cost is saved, improve production efficiency.
Automobile provided by the present invention, comprising above-mentioned front axle assy, front axle assy dismounting assembling is easy, assembly precision Height, deformation and service life length are not susceptible to, can be used as on integral installation to automobile, installation effectiveness is high, and is conveniently replaceable and ties up Repair.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the scheme of installation of front axle assy and battery installing rack provided by the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of front axle assy provided by the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the partial enlarged drawing of part A in Fig. 2.
In figure:1st, collision prevention girders;2nd, energy-absorption box;3rd, the first longeron;4th, the first connector;401st, body is connected;402nd, install Plate;403rd, interface;5th, battery installing rack;6th, subframe framework;601st, front beam;602nd, the second longeron;603rd, rear cross beam;7、 Second connector;701st, support frame;702nd, connecting plate;703rd, the 4th neck;8th, the 3rd connector;9th, spring mounting bracket; 901st, upper plate;902nd, support;903rd, mounting hole;10th, the 4th connector;11st, deep floor;1101st, the first floor;1102nd, Two floors;12nd, buttress brace;13rd, connecting seat.
Embodiment
Further illustrate technical scheme below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and by embodiment.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the invention provides a kind of front axle assy, the front axle assy to include main car frame component, secondary car Frame component and spring mounting bracket 9, main car frame component include collision prevention girders 1 and are arranged on the energy-absorption box 2 at the both ends of collision prevention girders 1, inhale The one end of energy box 2 away from collision prevention girders 1 is removably connected with the first longeron 3 and the first connector 4 successively, and the first connector 4 is used for Connect battery installing rack 5.Subframe component includes subframe framework 6, the second connector 7 and the 3rd connector 8, the second connector 7 one end and the front portion of subframe framework 6 are detachably connected, and the other end is detachably connected with the first longeron 3;3rd connector 8 one The rear end with subframe framework 6 is held to be detachably connected, the other end is detachably connected with the first connector 4.Spring mounting bracket 9 is set Put and be used for mounting shock absorber on the first longeron 3.
In the present embodiment, by the way that each parts such as collision prevention girders 1, energy-absorption box 2, the first longeron of front axle assy will be formed 3 and first connector 4 etc. be detachably connected, can avoid in the prior art due to each parts deformation caused by welding, so as to The overall assembly precision of front axle assy can be improved.It is also beneficial to reduce maintenance cost in addition, being detachably connected, works as front axle assy In a certain parts due to damage need change when, can only be overall in the prior art because each parts weld together Front axle assy is changed, and the present embodiment largely reduces the dismounting difficulty of front axle assy by being detachably connected, when need When changing parts, it is only necessary to change damage.In addition, before assembling axle assembly when, by using first connect The structure positioning installation of fitting 4, the second connector 7 and the 3rd connector 8 itself, advantageously reduces the use of fixture, so as to carry High packaging efficiency and assembly cost.By the way that main car frame component and subframe component are arranged into symmetrical structure, be advantageous to improve respectively The versatility of parts, so as to reduce the mould required for each parts of production, and then production cost is saved, improve production effect Rate.
Specifically, each parts are made of aluminium alloy, aluminium alloy has the advantages of density is small, and its density is only steel 1/3rd, the quality of front axle assy is largely reduced using front axle assy made of aluminium alloy, is advantageously implemented Automotive light weight technology, and aluminium is easily oxidized to form the diaphragm of densification in atmosphere, the diaphragm can protect front axle assy It is not corroded, the process that preservative treatment is carried out to front axle assy is eliminated, in addition, when vehicle scrapping, using aluminium alloy Manufactured front axle assy is advantageous to reclaim.
Specifically, the first connector 4 includes the connection body 401 and installing plate 402 being fixedly connected, installing plate 402 is used for Battery installing rack 5 is connected, connection body 401 includes the first side plate and the second side plate, and the first side plate and the second side plate are along installing plate 402 length direction is arranged at intervals, and the interface 403 of the first longeron of grafting 3 is formed between the first side plate and the second side plate, in order to The overall intensity of the first connector 4 is improved, multiple reinforcing plates are additionally provided between the first side plate and the second side plate.
Specifically, subframe framework 6 is rectangular frame, it is vertical that it includes front beam 601, rear cross beam 603 and two second Beam 602, two the second longerons 602 are separately positioned on the both ends of front beam 601, rear cross beam 603 be arranged on two the second longerons 602 it Between.In the present embodiment, front beam 601, the longeron 602 of rear cross beam 603 and second pass through extrusion process system by aluminum alloy plate materials Into in order to reduce the usage amount of extrusion die, front beam 601, the longeron 602 of rear cross beam 603 and second can use same set of squeeze Compression mould shaping, the front beam 601 being molded by same set of extrusion die, the cross sectional shape phase of 603 and second longeron of rear cross beam 602 Together, it is also beneficial to be spliced to form subframe framework 6.
In order to improve the intensity that the longeron 602 of front beam 601 and second is connected to each other, in the longeron 602 of front beam 601 and second Between be detachably connected by the 4th connector 10, specifically, be provided with the first neck and the second neck on the 4th connector 10, First neck is used for clamping front beam 601, and the second neck is used for the second longeron of clamping 602.In the present embodiment, first neck The bearing of trend of bearing of trend and the second neck is vertically arranged.In order to install rear cross beam 603 between two the second longerons 602, The 3rd neck is each provided with the both ends of rear cross beam 603, the second longeron 602 is connected in the 3rd neck.3rd neck can Think U-shaped or L-shaped.
It is vertical in energy-absorption box 2 and first for the ease of energy-absorption box 2, the first longeron 3 and subframe framework 6 are detachably connected The second connector 7 is provided between beam 3, as shown in figure 3, the second connector 7 specifically includes the He of support frame 701 being detachably connected Connecting plate 702, the one end of support frame 701 and the grafting of subframe framework 6, it is provided with for clamping first on the other end of support frame 701 4th neck 703 of longeron 3, connecting plate 702 are arranged between support frame 701 and energy-absorption box 2, are provided with connecting plate 702 fair Perhaps the receiving hole that energy-absorption box 2 passes through, receiving hole are symmetrical arranged with the 4th neck 703.Specifically, support frame 701 is vertical away from first One end of beam 3 and the grafting of the 4th connector 10, set allow support frame 701 to insert to insert on the upper surface of the 4th connector 10 Hole, in order to limit inserting depth of the support frame 701 in jack, limiting plate is provided with above jack, in inserting for support frame 701 Connect end and be provided with stopper slot, reach the purpose for limiting the inserting depth of support frame 701 in stopper slot by the way that limiting plate is stuck in.
Specifically, in order to improve the strength and stability of whole front axle assy, two the first longerons 3 are provided with buttress brace 12, buttress brace 12 is detachably connected by connecting seat 13 and the first longeron 3, and specific connecting seat 13 includes the first plate and second Plate, buttress brace 12 are connected between the first plate and the second plate, in order to improve the bonding strength of the first plate and the second plate, in the first plate And second be additionally provided with multiple reinforcements between plate.
Specifically, spring mounting bracket 9 includes upper plate 901 and support 902, the one end of support 902 is connected with the first longeron 3, The other end is connected with upper plate 901, and the mounting hole 903 of mounting shock absorber is provided with upper plate 901.Support 902 includes back plate and two Side plate, back plate one end are connected with upper plate 901, and the other end is fixedly connected with the side of the first longeron 3, and biside plate is triangular plate, Two right-angle sides of the triangular plate are fixedly connected with back plate and upper plate 901 respectively.In order to improve spring mounting bracket 9 and first The bonding strength of longeron 3, prevent bonding strength from not enough influenceing the effect of damper, be provided between back plate and the first longeron 3 Deep floor 11, deep floor 11 specifically include the first floor 1101 and the second floor 1102.
The present embodiment additionally provides a kind of automobile, and the automobile includes above-mentioned front axle assy, because the front axle assy is using each Parts are spliced to form, when needing to provide various sizes of front axle assy for different automobiles, it is only necessary to by the peace of each parts Fill size according to the size of automobile suitably adjust, it is not necessary to from each parts are newly designed, largely improve The use range of the front axle assy, design cost is reduced, and front axle assy dismounting assembling is easy, assembly precision is high, is not easy Deform and service life is grown, can be used as on integral installation to automobile, installation effectiveness is high, and easy to replace and maintain.
Obviously, the above embodiment of the present invention is just for the sake of clearly illustrating example of the present invention, and it is pair to be not The restriction of embodiments of the present invention.For those of ordinary skill in the field, may be used also on the basis of the above description To make other changes in different forms.There is no necessity and possibility to exhaust all the enbodiments.It is all this All any modification, equivalent and improvement made within the spirit and principle of invention etc., should be included in the claims in the present invention Protection domain within.

Claims (10)

  1. A kind of 1. front axle assy, it is characterised in that including:
    Main car frame component, it includes collision prevention girders (1) and is arranged on the energy-absorption box (2) at the collision prevention girders (1) both ends, the energy-absorbing The one end of box (2) away from the collision prevention girders (1) is removably connected with the first longeron (3) and the first connector (4) successively, and described the A connection piece (4) is used to connect battery installing rack (5);
    Subframe component, it includes subframe framework (6), the second connector (7) and the 3rd connector (8), second connection Part (7) one end and the front portion of the subframe framework (6) are detachably connected, and the other end detachably connects with first longeron (3) Connect;Described 3rd connector (8) one end and the rear end of the subframe framework (6) are detachably connected, the other end and described first Connector (4) is detachably connected;
    Spring mounting bracket (9), it, which is arranged on first longeron (3), is used for mounting shock absorber.
  2. 2. front axle assy according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the subframe framework (6) is rectangular frame, and it is wrapped Include front beam (601) and be arranged on second longeron (602) at the front beam (601) both ends, two second longerons (602) Between be provided with rear cross beam (603).
  3. 3. front axle assy according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the front beam (601) and second longeron (602) it is detachably connected between by the 4th connector (10), the first neck and is provided with the 4th connector (10) Two draw-in groove, first neck are used for front beam (601) described in clamping, and second neck is used for the second longeron described in clamping (602)。
  4. 4. front axle assy according to claim 2, it is characterised in that rear cross beam (603) both ends, which are provided with, to be used for 3rd neck of the second longeron (602) described in clamping.
  5. 5. front axle assy according to claim 1, it is characterised in that second connector (7) includes being detachably connected Support frame (701) and connecting plate (702), support frame as described above (701) one end and subframe framework (6) grafting, the branch The 4th neck (703) for the first longeron (3) described in clamping, the connecting plate (702) are provided with support (701) other end It is arranged between support frame as described above (701) and the energy-absorption box (2), being provided with the connecting plate (702) allows the energy-absorbing The receiving hole that box (2) passes through, the receiving hole are symmetrical arranged with the 4th neck (703).
  6. 6. front axle assy according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the spring mounting bracket (9) includes upper plate (901) With support (902), described support (902) one end is connected with first longeron (3), and the other end is connected with the upper plate (901), The mounting hole (903) for installing the damper is provided with the upper plate (901).
  7. 7. front axle assy according to claim 6, it is characterised in that the support (902) and first longeron (3) it Between be additionally provided with deep floor (11).
  8. 8. front axle assy according to claim 1, it is characterised in that be provided with and add between two first longerons (3) Brutal (12), it is connected between the buttress brace (12) and first longeron (3) by connecting seat (13).
  9. 9. front axle assy according to claim 1, it is characterised in that first connector (4) includes what is be fixedly connected Body (401) and installing plate (402) are connected, the installing plate (402) is used to connect battery installing rack (5), the connection body (401) one end away from the installing plate (402) is provided with the interface (403) of the first longeron (3) described in grafting.
  10. 10. a kind of automobile, it is characterised in that include the front axle assy described in claim any one of 1-9.
CN201710706563.6A 2017-08-17 2017-08-17 A kind of front axle assy and automobile Pending CN107351794A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710706563.6A CN107351794A (en) 2017-08-17 2017-08-17 A kind of front axle assy and automobile

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710706563.6A CN107351794A (en) 2017-08-17 2017-08-17 A kind of front axle assy and automobile

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107351794A true CN107351794A (en) 2017-11-17

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ID=60288499

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710706563.6A Pending CN107351794A (en) 2017-08-17 2017-08-17 A kind of front axle assy and automobile

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN107351794A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20180257711A1 (en) * 2015-11-17 2018-09-13 Bayerische Motoren Werke Aktiengesellschaft Safety Device for a Vehicle
CN110182033A (en) * 2018-02-19 2019-08-30 德韧营运有限责任公司 Automobile batteries pallet with side anticollision rail
CN111434562A (en) * 2019-01-11 2020-07-21 广州汽车集团股份有限公司 Lower vehicle body frame structure

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20180257711A1 (en) * 2015-11-17 2018-09-13 Bayerische Motoren Werke Aktiengesellschaft Safety Device for a Vehicle
US10953923B2 (en) * 2015-11-17 2021-03-23 Bayerische Motoren Werke Aktiengesellschaft Safety device for a vehicle
CN110182033A (en) * 2018-02-19 2019-08-30 德韧营运有限责任公司 Automobile batteries pallet with side anticollision rail
CN111434562A (en) * 2019-01-11 2020-07-21 广州汽车集团股份有限公司 Lower vehicle body frame structure

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