CN107256599A - A kind of shared electric bicycle registers the shared system parked in order - Google Patents

A kind of shared electric bicycle registers the shared system parked in order Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107256599A
CN107256599A CN201710622251.7A CN201710622251A CN107256599A CN 107256599 A CN107256599 A CN 107256599A CN 201710622251 A CN201710622251 A CN 201710622251A CN 107256599 A CN107256599 A CN 107256599A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
registration
electric bicycle
controller
shared
shared electric
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CN201710622251.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张金木
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Fuzhou Taijiang Chaoren Electronic Co Ltd
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Fuzhou Taijiang Chaoren Electronic Co Ltd
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Publication date
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Priority to CN201710622251.7A priority Critical patent/CN107256599A/en
Publication of CN107256599A publication Critical patent/CN107256599A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R25/00Fittings or systems for preventing or indicating unauthorised use or theft of vehicles
    • B60R25/20Means to switch the anti-theft system on or off
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07CTIME OR ATTENDANCE REGISTERS; REGISTERING OR INDICATING THE WORKING OF MACHINES; GENERATING RANDOM NUMBERS; VOTING OR LOTTERY APPARATUS; ARRANGEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS FOR CHECKING NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • G07C9/00Individual registration on entry or exit
    • G07C9/00174Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys
    • G07C9/00571Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys operated by interacting with a central unit
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07FCOIN-FREED OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • G07F17/00Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services
    • G07F17/0042Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services for hiring of objects
    • G07F17/0057Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services for hiring of objects for the hiring or rent of vehicles, e.g. cars, bicycles or wheelchairs

Abstract

Register the shared system parked in order the present invention relates to a kind of shared electric bicycle, electric bicycle is wherein shared to unlock using keyboard password, by way of communication station, charging registration controller or infrared calling mechanism are set, realize shared electric bicycle and park registration in order, user's condominium and accessible positioning, and networked by nRF905 radio communication modes, realize that register information is transferred to communication station and is uploaded to total station control again through shared electric bicycle, charging registration controller.

Description

A kind of shared electric bicycle registers the shared system parked in order
(1) technical field:
The shared system parked is registered in order the present invention relates to a kind of shared electric bicycle, wherein shared electric bicycle Unlocked, by way of communication station, charging registration controller or infrared calling mechanism are set, made shared electronic using keyboard password Bicycle, which is realized, parks registration, user condominium and accessible positioning in order, and network by nRF905 radio communication modes, realizes Register information is transferred to communication station and is uploaded to total station control again through shared electric bicycle, charging registration controller.
(2) background technology:
Street corner quietly occurs in that the shared electric bicycle of quantity seldom, and they are neatly arranged being total in bicycle parking area Enjoy among bicycle,.What shared electric bicycle was solved is 3 to 10 kilometers of trip requirements, and application method and shared bicycle Datong District are small Different, being provided with after each electric bicycle on label, label includes Quick Response Code and car number, and user can be by scanning Quick Response Code Mode unlock vehicle, so as to reach that completion is ridden.The shared electric bicycle outward appearance that street corner occurs nearly all is electric motorcycle Car pattern, does not possess moveable endless and violates national regulations, speed is very fast, once driver behavior is improper, there is larger potential safety hazard, Easily trigger traffic accidents
According to existing national technical standard《Electric bicycle general technical specifications》Regulation:The design speed per hour of electric bicycle Within 20 kilometers, weight containing battery no more than 40 kilograms, must possess foot-operated function of riding.But, electric bicycle is by friendship Logical safety law belongs to non-motor vehicle, equally enjoys and power is travelled on road.Secondly, electric bicycle can meet traveling need at a distance Ask.Present city scope expansion is increasing, therefore shared electric bicycle is particularly suitable for tier 2 cities and the need of villages and towns in rural areas Ask.
(3) content of the invention:
Shared electric bicycle uses password unlocking, without installing mobile phone A PP.Password is by master station and each shared electrical salf-walking Car is generated by uniform rules automatically, and create-rule externally maintains secrecy, and password is set using time limit, the 1 day phase of password time limit point in short term With 2 day phase, 4 day phase and non-short-term 15 day phase and 30 day phase, the time limit had a time limit to arrive by latter short-term every in addition to 1 day phase 2 days Phase, 4 day phase password is generated, 15 day phase and 30 day phase are used for personal user, expire and generate 30 day time limit password, above-mentioned not arrive The time limit of phase subtracts 2 day or 15 days, and 2 day phase, 4 day phase and 15 day time limit and 30 day time limit, password quantity can be remained when hiring a car Supplement is remake when not enough.The short-term time limit be used for voluntary bicycle patrol party, unit collective car, outdoor advertising propaganda team car and Collective's travelling car etc., concentrates checkout after user's registration lease, need not install APP without mobile phone using password unlocking, just It is near to collect shared electric bicycle, it is finished and is gone away after the registration of bicycle parking area car locking, can also continues to make whenever and wherever possible Ceased to be in force automatically with until password expiration.Various time limit passwords are sold by master station, and each shared electric bicycle provides service, during sale Personal user need to hand over deposit, and service condition, service condition data are recorded by the shared electric bicycle used when password is used Charged registration controller is transmitted from shared electric bicycle and communication station collects to total station control, personal user ties in several days Calculate.User can log in the Web site query one-state of total station control.The password time limit, then password cancelled automatically, total stand control Device inquires about user by communication network and uses car situation.Password is made up of 6 decimal numbers, and the time limit is then by each decimal number It is converted into binary number to make irregular ring shift left or move to right one, i.e., each cyclic shift number of times, the ACS II after displacement 0-F of code character corresponds to a fixed decimal system random number respectively, so, and total station control and each lock controller can just begin Keep password the same eventually, the password of user's input purchase can unlock without communication.
Networked when barrier is less between Liang Ge communication stations using radio communication with total station control, Liang Ge communication stations point Not She Zhi radio communication nRF905 modules, nRF905 timings are realized with wireless communication frequency between the station that sets and stepped in nRF905 modules Remember information transmission, the reception state of radio communication is at this moment kept by communication station in front of setting order, carry out unidirectional information transfer.It is logical Believe that single-chip microcomputer STC12C5A60S2 is communicated by its SPI interface with nRF905 in the charging registration controller at station, single-chip microcomputer STC12C5A60S2 another SPI interface is communicated with bluetooth module, and communication data is stored in nonvolatile storage.nRF905 Supported there is provided powerful hopping and substantial amounts of channel, many special occasions can be used in, disturbed in communication When, it is anti-interference using frequency-hopping mode.NRF905 even with the PCB antenna without gain its transmission range also up to 200m, if Farther transmission range is needed, the antenna with gain can be made into and meet different demands;
The reception of nRF905 data, single-chip microcomputer controls TRX_CE to be that high level, TX_EN are low level, and nRF905, which enters, to be connect Receipts pattern;After 650us, nRF905 monitors aerial information, waits data to be received;When nRF905 detect it is identical with receives frequency Carrier wave when, set carrier wave to detect that pin CD is high level;When nRF905 receives effective address, address is set to match pipe Pin AM is high level;After a correct packet is received, nRF905 remove automatically the prefix of packet, address and Then data are received completion pin and are set to high level by CRC check code;TRX_CE is set to low level and passed through by single-chip microcomputer SPI interface is with effective reception data in certain Rate extraction packet;When all valid data are received, nRF905 It is low level that data receiver, which completes pin DR and address matching pin AM,;NRF905 enters standby mode.Reception process major cycle It is constantly in listening state, recursive call receiver function.If receiving packet, response bag is sent.When the communication station of setting When number is less, under communication station single-chip microcomputer STC12C5A60S2 controls, the register information of communication station passes through channel radio between communication station Reliable existing networking, and it is sent to total station control processing through nRF905.
Shared electric bicycle is provided with intelligent speed-limiting device and digital speed meter, and possesses moveable endless, F-Zero Less than 20 kilometers.Set in shared electric bicycle diamond communication station or the charging registration controller for installing electric bicycle or Infrared calling mechanism.Charge registration controller comprising single-chip microcomputer, charge controller, nonvolatile storage, infrared transceiver device and Bluetooth module, the serial port of single-chip microcomputer is directly connected with bluetooth module.NRF905 modules and charging registration control are included in communication station Device processed, each communication station is uploaded to total station control after the register information being collected into is carried out into data processing, is supervised by total station control Vehicle flowrate everywhere is surveyed, and realizes that shared electric bicycle parks user's condominium and accessible positioning in order.Shared electric bicycle In be equipped with controller for electric vehicle and intelligent speed-limiting device, controller for electric vehicle comprising single-chip microcomputer, nonvolatile storage, infrared receiving/transmission dress Put, bluetooth module and keyboard, infrared transceiver device is connected to the I/O mouths of single-chip microcomputer, and the serial port and bluetooth module of single-chip microcomputer are direct It is connected.The infrared receiving/transmission being made up of infrared transmitting tube and infrared receiving tube and lens is included in infrared transceiver device to pop one's head in.Monolithic The I/O mouths of machine are respectively with the electric door lock of shared electric bicycle and being fixed on the horseshoe lock of front wheel carrier and being connected.It is unshared it is electronic from The mechanical electric door lock used drive a vehicle without changing and being made up of relay and its drive circuit, its switching signal is by single-chip microcomputer through I/O Mouth is provided, and when user's car, controller for electric vehicle is obtained after unlocking instruction to electric door lock transmission unlocking signal, is series at electric power storage The relay normally open contact closure of pond power supply circuit, so that the key for replacing unshared electric bicycle to use opens electric door lock, The different conditions of shared electric bicycle are by change-over switch control.Unlocking signal is also sent to horseshoe by controller for electric vehicle simultaneously Lock, horseshoe lock is made up of common unlocking motor and unlocking mechanism, by controller for electric vehicle unlock after can just pull open car manually Lock.It is the anti-theft feature for strengthening electric bicycle to install horseshoe lock.
Intelligent speed-limiting device is to pass through MCU control PWM circuit by controller for electric vehicle in shared electric bicycle Output, so as to change power tube power output, and measurement data and speed setting value according to digital speed meter changes most High speed per hour.10 to 15 kilometers are limited at according to registration website road congested conditions F-Zero in setting time of trip, When green hand ride or road it is crowded occur riding speed change greatly when, F-Zero is limited at 8 to 12 kilometers.It is shared it is electronic from The battery pack of driving installs platinum resistance thermometer sensor, measures battery pack ambient temperature by A/D converter by controller for electric vehicle, works as temperature Fan for cooling is opened during more than 25 DEG C, when temperature is more than 50 DEG C of alarms and reduces cell stack power output.
Indicated in the major trunk roads roadside of business district non-motor vehicle parking stall graticule bicycle parking area set communication station or Charge registration controller, sets communication station to be used to constitute communication network, a charging registration controller includes one or more fill Electric stake, the charge controller of charging pile is equipped with thermistor temperature detecting device, and with waterproof and full of power down function, more than 25 DEG C Shi Kaiqi fan for cooling is protected, and after shared electric bicycle accesses charging pile, delay is started to charge up and shown by LED for 10 minutes Charged state.When shared electric bicycle is parked, voltameter on user Yi Qiche, selection docks at charging pile position or against filling The electric tactic stand of stake, needs not going charging not checkout and punishment of being withholdd during charging if voltameter is shown, Charging is gone to reward.Each charging pile is respectively mounted infrared transceiver device, and charging pile is installed on by charging registration controller taking turn scanning Infrared transceiver device to access charging pile shared electric bicycle number register.Hereafter by being connected to the shared electronic of charging pile Bicycle starts sequentially to make infrared relay numbering registration to resting in the shared electric bicycle beside charging pile, arbitrarily parks then Can not register to settle accounts.The infrared transceiver device of shared electric bicycle sets positioning with infrared receiving/transmission probe and relay with red Outer transmitting-receiving probe.Infrared receiving/transmission probe is equipped with lens, and transmitting is with receiving angle and the pairing of infrared light wavelength by infrared emission two Level pipe is determined with receiving the experiment of the parameter of diode and the selection of lens parameter and scene transmitting with receiving.Shared electrical salf-walking The infrared receiving/transmission probe of car except outer to penetrating with charging pile, at the top of the rearview mirror bracket also loaded on handlebar or it is another fill one for identifying or Relay at the top of the vertical rod of decoration is popped one's head in infrared receiving/transmission, relay infrared receiving/transmission probe have unified setting height(from bottom) and position to Electric bicycle or so makees left or right mark to penetrating, accordingly, and its signal launched is not stopped by other bicycles.In bluetooth network Network is constituted under the support of algorithm, and an independent wireless network can be automatically composed in a short period of time without other networks Hardware or the network facilities are supported.The operation of equipment in the LMP Link Manager Protocol control piconet of bluetooth equipment, is synchronized to shared A shared physical radio channel is referred to as main equipment by one group of equipment of clock and hopping pattern there is provided the equipment of synchronous base, All other equipment is referred to as slave unit.One main equipment is at most connected with 7 active slave units, main equipment transmission link pipe Device protocol connection request data cell is managed, the bluetooth module matched with solicited message is activated or is waken up from resting state, entered The correlation such as row parameter is consulted, and is set up asynchronous wireless connecting link and prepared for data transfer, if any it is multiple it is unnecessary it is active from Equipment, which will be notified that, enters park mode, also target dormancy slave unit can be invited to become active slave unit as needed afterwards.
Setting after the far infrared transceiver starting that daily charging registration controller is arranged on charging pile as main equipment In fixing time, shared electric bicycle, which is sequentially ingressed into charging pile registration or enter and sequentially parked beside charging pile, to be made relay numbering and steps on Note, the relay numbering registration refers to that the relay for the shared electric bicycle registered by charging pile is popped one's head in storage with infrared receiving/transmission Shared electric bicycle beside charging pile starts registration, shared electric bicycle after registration again successfully to register when relay The left or right popped one's head in infrared receiving/transmission is received, to the right or registration is numbered in left unregistered shared electric bicycle, and is transmitted Registration and number information, to the last can not be to next registration and numbering or to setting time, and last is successfully registered It is waken up what bluetooth module in accessing main equipment was controlled from resting state labeled as relay car with the shared electric bicycle of numbering Piconet, and set master is wirelessly transmitted to by all registered and numbering the shared electric bicycle information delivered in relays Standby, relay car bluetooth module completes relay numbering registration into park mode after transmission, and that registers and number as first is total to Electric bicycle is enjoyed, relay registration and numbering hereafter are carried out to shared electric bicycle numbering by charging registration controller.Relay Registration and numbering process:First to having been enter into charging registration controller unregistered shared electricity after the Bluetooth signal area of coverage and car locking Dynamic bicycle is waken up access piconet, and each shared electric bicycle in piconet is sequentially distributed by charging registration controller " new numbering ", for infrared relay registration, the shared electric bicycle bluetooth module after the new numbering of distribution is to be placed in resting state, Then, charging registration controller is compiled to registered and numbering the shared electric bicycle registered and numbered including charging pile with it Number for address realize charging registration controller exchanged with the register information of shared electric bicycle bluetooth module serial communication, and All new numberings are sent to all registered and numbering the shared electricity in addition to charging pile is registered and is numbered by charging registration controller Dynamic bicycle, be then according to new numbering since the relay car address to the shared electric bicycle of new numbering sequentially scan transponding after make Infrared relay registration.The infrared relay registration connects when referring to the shared electric bicycle after infrared registration again successfully to register Left or right that power is popped one's head in infrared receiving/transmission is received, to the right or left unregistered shared electric bicycle makees scan transponding registration, and Transmission registration and number information, last shared electric bicycle registered by relay are taken over original labeled as new relay car and connect Power car, and access piconet is waken up from resting state, then this all shared electric bicycle for newly registering and numbering is believed Breath is wirelessly transmitted to relay car bluetooth module after charging registration controller, transmission and enters the infrared relay registration of park mode completion. Hereafter second batch and the multiple above-mentioned relay of each batch weight later are registered and numbered, and so go round and begin again continuous renewal register information.Relay The purpose of registration and numbering is that the shared electric bicycle of requirement is sequentially parked, and the new numbering that can not complete to register and number is shared Electric bicycle, its new numbering makes marks records its user profile as " sequence number to be stepped on ".The registration and numbering refer to share The license number of electric bicycle and the one-to-one corresponding of numbering.Its LED is every a timing after each shared electric bicycle is successfully registered Between it is glittering once green.
With the exception of this, the shared electric bicycle parked is after the personnel that are managed arrange shift position, it is necessary to be stepped on to charging Unregistered shared electric bicycle is registered in note controller Bluetooth signal coverage, and charging registration controller is taken through connecing Behind the interval for several lot numbers that power is registered and numbering is set, the registration and numbering are expanded into sequence number to be stepped on.Extension registration and Numbering:First in order of numbers opens the infrared of the registered shared electric bicycle of a numbering in addition to charging pile is registered and is numbered R-T unit, to sharing electric bicycle in diamond according to newly numbering and serial number address to be stepped on, sequentially makees red after scan transponding Outer relay registration, after the completion of enter next registered numbering operation, until all registered numbering operations are completed. The shared electric bicycle finally successfully registered in the infrared relay registration of each registered numbering in extension registration and numbering, Cancel former relay car as new relay car and carry out relay registration and numbering, charging registration controller is total to registered and numbering Enjoy electric bicycle sequentially list and be easy to control.
When shared electric bicycle and charging registration controller enter row information exchange, the charging registration controller of communication station connects The register information of each shared electric bicycle is received, other charging registration controllers will be each collected into each shared electric bicycle Register information carry out information exchange.Register information is registered comprising each charging registration controller being collected into setting time section Shared electric bicycle license number and its status of equipment, use pattern, user type and telephone number, enrollment time and charging Registration controller is encoded.Shared electric bicycle by register information be sent to after charging registration controller will the register information delete Remove, each charging registration controller is deleted the register information repeated and simultaneously transmitted by shared electric bicycle after arrangement, through communication station to Total station control collects.
Bicycle parking area in non-business district, daily first shared electric bicycle is with being installed on the infrared of roadside Calling mechanism proceeds by first shared electric bicycle being registered after relay numbering registration, setting time and is arranged to main set It is standby, relay registration and numbering and extension registration are carried out as stated above and is numbered, and its numbering of different main equipments makees different marks Know, when the shared electric bicycle unlocking for being set to main equipment is ridden away, send registration and number information to infrared step on Note device is simultaneously re-set as slave unit, the shared electricity that the next infrared transceiver device with being installed on roadside is registered and numbered After dynamic bicycle, the registration and the number information that receive infrared transceiver device, it is set to main equipment and continues relay registration and number, when Its information is transferred to master station by electric bicycle and handled during shared electric bicycle quantity deficiency, and pedal can also be used to work as Ride to destination and award as bicycle.
The registration controller of identical numbering is set in all front doors of school or residential area, by its bluetooth module piconet Automatic that the shared electric bicycle registration that comes in and goes out is represented to come in and go out with the odevity of log-on count, it into even number is that odd number, which is, fashionable Shared electric bicycle sends register information to registration controller, and registration controller sends register information to shared electricity when going out Dynamic bicycle.Or take inside residential area or probe is installed in the bicycle parking area of other sheltered situations, it is to avoid shared electricity Dynamic bicycle is damaged in residential area or other sheltered situations;
Shared bicycle user is divided into VIP user and casual user.Pass by one's way pedestrian, voluntary labor service is casual user.VIP user Unlocked after administrative department's real name registration using keyboard, be adapted to more extensive consumer group, total station control collects VIP user's fare With accumulative checkout, SMS notification, VIP user can log in the network port acquisition of master station's computer with fare details. Shared bicycle is ridden arrive at after will dock near bicycle diamond and carry out car locking registration clearing, be not registered for Car locking refuses clearing.
Shared electric bicycle system takes user to pull together condominium method.The car plate of each shared electric bicycle indicates this The license plate number of car and total station control telephone number, casual user is with the total station control telephone number end extra bus board of mobile phone dialing Number, total station control receives license plate number and obtains casual user's age characteristics by telephone number query, and by short message to mobile phone Special unlocking cipher is sent, casual user can input password, and controller for electric vehicle is to unlock to unregistered car or disabled vehicle, this When casual user can pull open lock manually and use, controller for electric vehicle starts timing and limited to ride the time, arrives at and steps on Shut after note, controller for electric vehicle is by the use car information transmission of special unlocking cipher to communication station by master station's bulk registration, master station Controller adds up use time and awarded, and is sent to casual user and gets reward short message;Shared electric bicycle is equipped with by several The mercoid switch group of the mercoid switch composition of individual different installment state, if casual user is not to ride but be transported to reach to step on Remember destination registration, controller for electric vehicle judges according to equipment of itself fault detect and mercoid switch group on off state changing rule Whether shared electric bicycle damages or rides, and carries out the reward to telephone number casual user.Controller for electric vehicle is regular Capital equipment is inquired about, finds to damage or equipment is stolen and put on record.Total station control finds that disabled vehicle, corpse car are to send patrol Car processing.Car changes fierce with non-registration mercoid switch group on off state is shut when removing car steathily, shares the various shapes of electric bicycle Mercoid switch group on off state changing rule under the motion state of formula is drawn by testing, and will be believed in case of stolen car controller for electric vehicle Breath, which is transferred to the alarm of total station control, to be put on record, total station control or sends cruiser to the crime ground several charging registration controllers in periphery Inspection request is sent, case is discovered and seized and dispatches a car movement locus, several peripheries charging registration controller timesharing are dispatched a car with case to communicate, according to connecing The bluetooth signal intensity received is positioned according to prior art, then by cruiser comprehensive assessment crime truck position, is further dispatched a car according to case Movement locus and the case received are dispatched a car bluetooth signal intensity positioning, and most backward crime car sends unlatching alarm through Bluetooth signal Instruction, case, which is dispatched a car, sends alarm, and cruiser personnel find case according to alarm and dispatched a car.
(4) illustrate:
Fig. 1 is the circuit structure block diagram that a kind of shared electric bicycle registers the shared system parked in order.
(5) embodiment:
A kind of shared electric bicycle registers the circuit structure block diagram for the shared system parked in order as shown in figure 1, bag Include the controller for electric vehicle (B) of Tong Xin Zhan ﹙ A ﹚, charging registration controller, infrared calling mechanism and shared electric bicycle, communication Zhan in ﹙ A ﹚ equipped with the ﹚ of nRF905 Mo Kuai ﹙ 2 and charging registration controller.The registration controller that charges includes ﹚ of Wei Kong Qi ﹙ 4, non-volatile Deposit the ﹚ of storage device ﹙ 5, infrared receiving/transmission dress to put the ﹚ of ﹙ 6, the blue ﹚ of tooth mould block ﹙ 3 and fill the ﹚ of electric controller ﹙ 14, wherein micro- control ﹚ of device ﹙ 4 processed are used The ﹚ of STC12C5A60S2, infrared receiving/transmission Zhuan Zhi ﹙ 6 are connected to the I/O mouths of single-chip microcomputer, and using the bluetooth of CC2541 chip serial ports transparent transmissions The ﹚ of Mo Kuai ﹙ 3, when STC12C5A60S2 sends data, non-Yi are lost the data stored in the ﹚ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 5 and passed according to HCI-RS232 Defeated agreement carries out data definition, and data or order are sent by the ﹚ of Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ 3 RX/TX, and the ﹚ of Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ 3 utilize what is carried Microstrip antenna carries out being wirelessly transferred for data;The data of reception are also to be transmitted by serial communication, are saved the data in non-volatile In case STC12C5A60S2 is for further processing, so as to complete the exchange of Bluetooth wireless data in the ﹚ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 5.
Controller for electric vehicle (B) is by Dan Pian Ji ﹙ 8 ﹚, non-Yi lose the ﹚ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 9, the infrared receiving/transmission of shared electric bicycle is filled Install the ﹚ of positioning infrared receiving/transmission Tan Tou ﹙ 7 and the ﹚ of 10 12 ﹚, Jian Pan ﹙ of ﹚, Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ of relay infrared receiving/transmission Tan Tou ﹙ 11 and storage The ﹚ of battery Chong electricity electricity Lu ﹙ 13 are constituted.
In Tong Xin Zhan ﹙ A ﹚ charging registration controller the ﹚ STC12C5A60S2 of Wei Kong Qi ﹙ 4 by its SPI interface with The ﹚ of nRF905 Mo Kuai ﹙ 2 communicate, and STC12C5A60S2 another SPI interface communicates with the ﹚ CC2541 of Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ 3, in communication station Under the ﹚ STC12C5A60S2 of Wei Kong Qi ﹙ 4 controls, the register information of communication station is realized by radio communication between communication station networks, and Total station control processing is sent to through nRF905.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of shared electric bicycle registers the shared system parked in order, shared electric bicycle uses password unlocking, its It is characterized in that, without installing mobile phone A PP, password is generated by uniform rules automatically by master station and each shared electric bicycle, generation rule Then external secrecy, password is set using the time limit, short-term 1 day phase in password time limit point and 2 day phase, 4 day phase and non-short-term 15 days Phase and 30 day phase, the time limit had a time limit to expire by latter short-term every in addition to 1 day phase 2 days, generate 4 day phase password, 15 day phase and 30 day phase was used for personal user, expires and generates 30 day time limit password, the above-mentioned undue time limit subtracts 2 day or 15 days, when hiring a car 2 day phase, 4 day phase and 15 day time limit and 30 day time limit can be remained, supplement is remake during password lazy weight;The short-term time limit is used for Voluntary bicycle patrol party, unit collective car, outdoor advertising propaganda team car and collective's travelling car etc., user's registration are rented Checkout is concentrated after renting, APP need not be installed without mobile phone using password unlocking, shared electric bicycle is collected nearby, is finished Go away, can be also continuing with whenever and wherever possible until password expiration ceases to be in force automatically after the car locking registration of bicycle parking area;It is various Time limit password is sold by master station, and each shared electric bicycle provides service, and personal user need to hand over deposit during sale, when password is used Service condition is recorded by the shared electric bicycle used, service condition data transmit charged step on by shared electric bicycle Note controller and communication station collect to total station control, and personal user settles accounts in several days;User can log in total station control Web site query one-state;The password time limit, then password cancelled automatically, and total station control inquires about user's car by communication network Situation;Password is made up of 6 decimal numbers, and each decimal number is then converted into binary number and makees irregular circulation by the time limit One is moved to left or moves to right, i.e., each cyclic shift number of times, the 0-F of code character of ACS II after displacement correspond to a fixation respectively Decimal system random number, so, total station control and each controller for electric vehicle with regard to password can be remained as, user's input purchase The password bought can unlock without communication;
Networked when barrier is less between Liang Ge communication stations using radio communication with total station control, Liang Ge communication stations are set respectively Wireless communication frequency realizes registered letter between the station for putting the timing of nRF905 in radio communication nRF905 modules, nRF905 modules to set Breath transmission, is at this moment kept the reception state of radio communication by communication station in front of setting order, carries out unidirectional information transfer;Communication station Registration controller in single-chip microcomputer STC12C5A60S2 communicated by its SPI interface with nRF905, single-chip microcomputer STC12C5A60S2 Another SPI interface communicated with bluetooth module;
When nRF905 is detected with receives frequency identical carrier wave, a correct packet receives rear single-chip microcomputer and passed through SPI interface enters standby mode with effective reception data in certain Rate extraction packet, nRF905;Reception process master follows Ring is constantly in listening state, recursive call receiver function;If receiving packet, response bag is sent;When the communication of setting When number of standing is less, under communication station single-chip microcomputer STC12C5A60S2 controls, the register information of communication station passes through between communication station wirelessly Networking is realized in communication, and is sent to total station control processing through nRF905;
Shared electric bicycle is provided with intelligent speed-limiting device and digital speed meter, and possesses moveable endless, and F-Zero is less than 20 kilometers;Communication station is set in shared electric bicycle diamond or the charging registration controller or infrared of electric bicycle is installed Calling mechanism;The registration controller that charges includes bluetooth module, and the serial port of single-chip microcomputer is directly connected with bluetooth module;In communication station Comprising nRF905 modules and charging registration controller, share and controller for electric vehicle and intelligent speed-limiting device be housed in electric bicycle, Controller for electric vehicle includes single-chip microcomputer, nonvolatile storage, infrared transceiver device, bluetooth module and keyboard, infrared transceiver device The I/O mouths of single-chip microcomputer are connected to, the serial port of single-chip microcomputer is directly connected with bluetooth module;Included in infrared transceiver device by infrared hair Penetrate the infrared receiving/transmission probe that pipe and infrared receiving tube and lens are constituted;The I/O mouths of single-chip microcomputer respectively with shared electric bicycle Electric door lock and the horseshoe lock connection for being fixed on front wheel carrier;The mechanical electric door lock that unshared electric bicycle is used without, change by Relay and its drive circuit are constituted, and its switching signal is provided by single-chip microcomputer through I/O mouthfuls, the controller for electric vehicle when user's car Obtain after unlocking instruction to electric door lock transmission unlocking signal, be series at the relay normally open contact closure of storage battery power supply circuit, The different conditions of shared electric bicycle are by change-over switch control;Unlocking signal is also sent to horseshoe by controller for electric vehicle simultaneously Lock, horseshoe lock is made up of common unlocking motor and unlocking mechanism, by controller for electric vehicle unlock after can just pull open car manually Lock;
Intelligent speed-limiting device is to pass through the defeated of MCU control PWM circuit by controller for electric vehicle in shared electric bicycle Go out, so as to change power tube power output, and measurement data and speed setting value according to digital speed meter is when changing highest Speed;10 to 15 kilometers are limited at according to registration website road congested conditions F-Zero in setting time of trip, works as life Hand ride or road it is crowded occur riding speed change greatly when, F-Zero is limited at 8 to 12 kilometers;Shared electric bicycle Battery pack install platinum resistance thermometer sensor, by controller for electric vehicle by A/D converter measure battery pack ambient temperature, when temperature exceedes Fan for cooling is opened at 25 DEG C, when temperature is more than 50 DEG C of alarms and reduces cell stack power output;
Communication station or charging registration controller, a charging registration are set in the bicycle parking area in the major trunk roads roadside of business district Controller includes one or more charging piles, and the charge controller of charging pile is equipped with thermistor temperature detecting device, and with waterproof Protected with fan for cooling is opened full of power down function, during more than 25 DEG C, after shared electric bicycle accesses charging pile, delay 10 Minute starts to charge up and shows charged state by LED;When shared electric bicycle is parked, voltameter on user Yi Qiche, selection Dock at charging pile position or against the tactic stand of charging pile, need not go to fill during charging if voltameter is shown Electricity not checkout and punishment of being withholdd, goes charging to reward;Each charging pile is respectively mounted infrared transceiver device, by charging registration control Device wheel patrols shared electric bicycle numbering registration of the infrared transceiver device to access charging pile that scanning is installed on charging pile;Hereafter By being connected to the shared electric bicycle of charging pile to sequentially making infrared resting in the shared electric bicycle beside charging pile Relay numbering registration, is arbitrarily parked, can not register to settle accounts;The infrared transceiver device of shared electric bicycle sets positioning Popped one's head in infrared receiving/transmission probe and relay with infrared receiving/transmission;The infrared receiving/transmission probe of shared electric bicycle is removed with charging pile to penetrating Outside, at the top of rearview mirror bracket also loaded on handlebar or another a relay infrared receiving/transmission being used at the top of the vertical rod that identifies or decorate is filled Probe, relay infrared receiving/transmission probe has unified setting height(from bottom) and position to electric bicycle or so to penetrating, it is corresponding make it is left or Right mark, its signal launched is not stopped by other bicycles;
The far infrared transceiver that daily charging registration controller is arranged on charging pile as main equipment start after setting when In, shared electric bicycle, which is sequentially ingressed into charging pile registration or enters sequentially to park beside charging pile, makees relay numbering registration, The relay numbering registration refers to that the relay infrared receiving/transmission for the shared electric bicycle registered by charging pile is popped one's head in depositing in Shared electric bicycle beside charging pile starts registration, shared electric bicycle after registration again successfully to register when relay use The left or right of infrared receiving/transmission probe is received, to the right or registration is numbered in left unregistered shared electric bicycle, and transmission is stepped on Note and number information, to the last can not to next registration and numbering or to setting time, last successfully registered and Numbering shared electric bicycle labeled as relay car from resting state be waken up access main equipment in bluetooth module control it is micro- Microgrid, and main equipment will be wirelessly transmitted to by all registered and numbering the shared electric bicycle information delivered in relays, Relay car bluetooth module enters park mode completion relay numbering registration, the shared electricity as first registration and numbering after transmission Dynamic bicycle, hereafter carries out relay registration and numbering by charging registration controller to shared electric bicycle numbering;Relay is registered With numbering process:First to have been enter into charging registration controller after the Bluetooth signal area of coverage and car locking it is unregistered it is shared it is electronic from Driving is waken up access piconet, sequentially distributes " new to each shared electric bicycle in piconet by charging registration controller Numbering ", for infrared relay registration, the shared electric bicycle bluetooth module after the new numbering of distribution is to be placed in resting state, is connect , charging registration controller is numbered to registered and numbering the shared electric bicycle registered and numbered including charging pile with it Realize that charging registration controller is exchanged with the register information of shared electric bicycle bluetooth module serial communication for address, and fill All new numberings are sent to all registered and numbering shared electronic in addition to charging pile is registered and is numbered by electric registration controller Bicycle, is then address to making red after the shared electric bicycle of new numbering sequentially scan transponding according to new numbering since the relay car Outer relay registration;Relay when the infrared relay registration refers to the shared electric bicycle after infrared registration again successfully to register The left or right popped one's head in infrared receiving/transmission is received, to the right or left unregistered shared electric bicycle makees scan transponding registration, and is passed Registration and number information are passed, last shared electric bicycle registered by relay takes over former relay labeled as new relay car Car, and access piconet is waken up from resting state, then by this all shared electric bicycle information for newly registering and numbering It is wirelessly transmitted to relay car bluetooth module after charging registration controller, transmission and enters the infrared relay registration of park mode completion;This Second batch and the multiple above-mentioned relay of each batch weight later are registered and numbered afterwards, and so go round and begin again continuous renewal register information;To can not The new numbering for completing registration and numbering shares electric bicycle, and its new numbering makes marks and records its user letter as " sequence number to be stepped on " Breath;The registration and numbering refer to the license number and the one-to-one corresponding of numbering of shared electric bicycle;Each shared electric bicycle into Its LED is glittering at regular intervals once green after work(registration;
With the exception of this, the shared electric bicycle parked is after the personnel that are managed arrange shift position, it is necessary to charging registration control Unregistered shared electric bicycle is registered in device Bluetooth signal coverage processed, and charging registration controller is taken to be stepped on through relay Behind the interval of note and several lot numbers of numbering setting, the registration and numbering are expanded into sequence number to be stepped on;Extension registration and numbering: First in order of numbers opens the infrared receiving/transmission of the registered shared electric bicycle of a numbering in addition to charging pile is registered and is numbered Device, to sharing electric bicycle in diamond according to newly numbering and serial number address to be stepped on, sequentially makees infrared connect after scan transponding Power register, after the completion of enter it is next it is registered numbering operation, until it is all it is registered numbering operation complete;In extension The shared electric bicycle finally successfully registered in the infrared relay registration of each registered numbering in registration and numbering, as New relay car cancels former relay car and carries out relay registration and numbering;
When shared electric bicycle and charging registration controller enter row information exchange, the charging registration controller of communication station receives each The register information of shared electric bicycle, other charging registration controllers and each shared electric bicycle are by stepping on for being each collected into Remember that information carries out information exchange;Register information includes being total to that each charging registration controller being collected into setting time section is registered Enjoy license number and its status of equipment, use pattern, user type and telephone number, enrollment time and the charging registration of electric bicycle Coding of controls;Shared electric bicycle by register information be sent to after charging registration controller will the register information delete, Each charging registration controller is deleted after the register information repeated and arrangement and transmitted by shared electric bicycle, through communication station to master station Controller collects;
Bicycle parking area in non-business district, daily first shared electric bicycle and the infrared registration for being installed on roadside Device proceeds by first shared electric bicycle being registered after relay numbering registration, setting time and is arranged to main equipment, Relay registration and numbering and extension registration are carried out as stated above and is numbered, and its numbering of different main equipments makees different marks, When the shared electric bicycle unlocking for being set to main equipment is ridden away, send registration and number information to infrared registration and fill Put and be re-set as slave unit, next be installed on roadside infrared transceiver device register and numbering it is shared it is electronic oneself After driving, the registration and the number information that receive infrared transceiver device, it is set to main equipment and continues relay registration and number, when shared Its information is transferred to master station by electric bicycle and handled when electric bicycle quantity is not enough, can also use pedal as list Car is ridden to destination and awarded;
In all front doors of school or residential area, the registration controller of identical numbering is set, it is automatic by its bluetooth module piconet To the shared electric bicycle registration that comes in and goes out, represented to come in and go out with the odevity of log-on count, it into even number is that odd number, which is, fashionable shared Electric bicycle sends register information to registration controller, when going out registration controller by register information send to it is shared it is electronic from Driving;Or take inside residential area or probe is installed in the bicycle parking area of other sheltered situations;
Shared bicycle user is divided into VIP user and casual user;VIP user is opened after administrative department's real name registration using keyboard Lock, is adapted to more extensive consumer group, and total station control collects VIP user and settled accounts with fare is accumulative, and SMS notification, VIP user can To log in the network port acquisition of master station's computer with fare details;Shared bicycle is ridden arrive at after will stop It is put into neighbouring bicycle diamond and carries out car locking registration clearing, clearing is refused without registration car locking;
Shared electric bicycle system takes user to pull together condominium method;The car plate of each shared electric bicycle indicates the car License plate number and total station control telephone number, casual user with the total station control telephone number end extra bus trade mark of mobile phone dialing, Total station control receives license plate number, and sends special unlocking cipher to mobile phone by short message, and casual user can input password, electricity Motor-car controller is to unlock to unregistered car or disabled vehicle, and at this moment casual user can pull open lock manually and use, electric car control Device processed starts timing and limited to ride the time, is shut after arriving at registration, controller for electric vehicle is by the use of special unlocking cipher Car information transmission is to communication station by master station's bulk registration, and total station control adds up use time and awarded, and is sent out to casual user Send and get reward short message;Shared electric bicycle is equipped with the mercoid switch being made up of the mercoid switch of several different installment states Group, if casual user is not to ride but be transported to up to the registration of registration destination, controller for electric vehicle is according to equipment of itself event Barrier detection and mercoid switch group on off state changing rule judge whether shared electric bicycle damages or ride, and carry out to the electricity Talk about the reward of number casual user;Car changes fierce with non-registration mercoid switch group on off state is shut when removing car steathily, shares electricity Mercoid switch group on off state changing rule under the various forms of motion states of dynamic bicycle is drawn by testing, in case of stolen car electricity Motor-car controller pass the information on to total station control alarm puts on record, total station control or send cruiser to crime periphery it is several Charging registration controller sends inspection request, discovers and seizes case and dispatches a car movement locus, several peripheries charging registration controller timesharing and case Dispatch a car communication, positioned according to the bluetooth signal intensity received, then by cruiser comprehensive assessment crime truck position, further according to case Dispatch a car movement locus and the case that receives is dispatched a car bluetooth signal intensity positioning, most backward crime car sends unlatching report through Bluetooth signal Alert vocal command, case, which is dispatched a car, sends alarm, and cruiser personnel find case according to alarm and dispatched a car.
2. a kind of shared electric bicycle registers the shared system parked in order according to claim 1, it is characterised in that bag Include:
Tong Xin Zhan ﹙ A ﹚, charge registration controller, infrared calling mechanism and shared electric bicycle controller for electric vehicle (B), lead to Equipped with the ﹚ of nRF905 Mo Kuai ﹙ 2 and charging registration controller in Xin Zhan ﹙ A ﹚;Charge registration controller comprising the ﹚ of Wei Kong Qi ﹙ 4, it is non-easily Mistake deposits the ﹚ of storage device ﹙ 5, infrared receiving/transmission dress and puts the ﹚ of ﹙ 6, the blue ﹚ of tooth mould block ﹙ 3 and fill the ﹚ of electric controller ﹙ 14;The data of reception are logical by serial ports Letter transmission, saves the data in non-Yi and loses in the ﹚ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 5;
Controller for electric vehicle (B) is by Dan Pian Ji ﹙ 8 ﹚, non-Yi lose the ﹚ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 9, the infrared transceiver device of shared electric bicycle is set Put the ﹚ of positioning infrared receiving/transmission Tan Tou ﹙ 7 and the ﹚ of 10 12 ﹚, Jian Pan ﹙ of ﹚, Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ of relay infrared receiving/transmission Tan Tou ﹙ 11 and battery The ﹚ of Chong electricity electricity Lu ﹙ 13 are constituted;
The ﹚ STC12C5A60S2 of Wei Kong Qi ﹙ 4 pass through its SPI interface and nRF905 moulds in Tong Xin Zhan ﹙ A ﹚ charging registration controller The ﹚ of Kuai ﹙ 2 communicate, and STC12C5A60S2 another SPI interface communicates with the ﹚ CC2541 of Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ 3, in communication station microcontroller Under the ﹚ STC12C5A60S2 of Qi ﹙ 4 controls, the register information of communication station is realized by radio communication between communication station networks, and passes through NRF905 is sent to total station control processing.
CN201710622251.7A 2017-07-27 2017-07-27 A kind of shared electric bicycle registers the shared system parked in order Pending CN107256599A (en)

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JP2016012291A (en) * 2014-06-30 2016-01-21 日本信号株式会社 Moving entity sharing system
CN105023364A (en) * 2015-07-13 2015-11-04 长安大学 Public bike interlocking rental system based on GPS positioning
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Application publication date: 20171017