CN107248232A - A kind of shared electric bicycle system - Google Patents

A kind of shared electric bicycle system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107248232A
CN107248232A CN201710622444.2A CN201710622444A CN107248232A CN 107248232 A CN107248232 A CN 107248232A CN 201710622444 A CN201710622444 A CN 201710622444A CN 107248232 A CN107248232 A CN 107248232A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
registration
electric bicycle
shared electric
numbering
controller
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Pending
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CN201710622444.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张金木
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Fuzhou Taijiang Chaoren Electronic Co Ltd
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Fuzhou Taijiang Chaoren Electronic Co Ltd
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Publication date
Application filed by Fuzhou Taijiang Chaoren Electronic Co Ltd filed Critical Fuzhou Taijiang Chaoren Electronic Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710622444.2A priority Critical patent/CN107248232A/en
Publication of CN107248232A publication Critical patent/CN107248232A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q30/00Commerce, e.g. shopping or e-commerce
    • G06Q30/06Buying, selling or leasing transactions
    • G06Q30/0645Rental, i.e. leasing
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07FCOIN-FREED OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • G07F17/00Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services
    • G07F17/0042Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services for hiring of objects
    • G07F17/0057Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services for hiring of objects for the hiring or rent of vehicles, e.g. cars, bicycles or wheelchairs
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L67/00Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications
    • H04L67/12Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications adapted for proprietary or special purpose networking environments, e.g. medical networks, sensor networks, networks in a car or remote metering networks
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L67/00Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications
    • H04L67/18Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications in which the network application is adapted for the location of the user terminal
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W4/00Services specially adapted for wireless communication networks; Facilities therefor
    • H04W4/12Messaging; Mailboxes; Announcements
    • H04W4/14Short messaging services, e.g. short message services [SMS] or unstructured supplementary service data [USSD]

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of shared electric bicycle system, electric bicycle is wherein shared to unlock using barcode scanning unlocking, barcode scanning, by way of communication station, charging registration controller or infrared calling mechanism are set, realize shared electric bicycle and park registration in order, user's condominium and accessible positioning, and networked by gsm side formula, realize that register information is transferred to communication station and is uploaded to total station control again through shared electric bicycle, charging registration controller.

Description

A kind of shared electric bicycle system
(1) technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of shared electric bicycle system, wherein shared electric bicycle is unlocked using barcode scanning, barcode scanning Unlock, by way of communication station, charging registration controller or infrared calling mechanism are set, shared electric bicycle is realized have Sequence parks registration, user's condominium and accessible positioning, and is networked by gsm side formula, realize register information through it is shared it is electronic from Driving, charging registration controller are transferred to communication station and are uploaded to total station control again.
(2) background technology:
Street corner quietly occurs in that the shared electric bicycle of quantity seldom, and they are neatly arranged being total in bicycle parking area Enjoy among bicycle,.What shared electric bicycle was solved is 3 to 10 kilometers of trip requirements, and application method and shared bicycle Datong District are small Different, being provided with after each electric bicycle on label, label includes Quick Response Code and car number, and user can be by scanning Quick Response Code Mode unlock vehicle, so as to reach that completion is ridden.The shared electric bicycle outward appearance that street corner occurs nearly all is electric motorcycle Car pattern, does not possess moveable endless and violates national regulations, speed is very fast, once driver behavior is improper, there is larger potential safety hazard, Easily trigger traffic accidents
According to existing national technical standard《Electric bicycle general technical specifications》Regulation:The design speed per hour of electric bicycle Within 20 kilometers, weight containing battery no more than 40 kilograms, must possess foot-operated function of riding.But, electric bicycle is by friendship Logical safety law belongs to non-motor vehicle, equally enjoys and power is travelled on road.Secondly, electric bicycle can meet traveling need at a distance Ask.Present city scope expansion is increasing, therefore shared electric bicycle is particularly suitable for tier 2 cities and the need of villages and towns in rural areas Ask.
(3) content of the invention:
Shared electric bicycle is locked using barcode scanning, and mobile phone A PP enters shared electric bicycle and " uses " interface immediately, is aligned After shared electric bicycle Quick Response Code barcode scanning, mobile phone sends unlocking instruction by bluetooth, and user can unlock manually, mobile phone A PP Start timing, must be registered in place when user arrives at car locking, car locking switch motion record lock state, user can be according to Timing time is settled accounts.Shared electric bicycle is parked after registration, and register information is transmitted by shared electric bicycle, then by communicating Communication network of standing is sent to total station control.
Communication station is communicated using GSM nets using SMS transmitting-receiving mode with total station control.GSM SMS possesses in itself Data transport functions, the transmission of information is relayed by SMS service center (SMSC), GSM SMS service SMS it not Connection can be set up with dialing, the information to be sent out short message service center is sent to plus stay of two nights data, through in short message service The heart is then forwarded to the final stay of two nights after completing storage.So when GSM terminals are that information will not lose when the stay of two nights there is not start.
Communication station is controlled using single-chip microcomputer to gsm module, realizes that remote data is wirelessly transferred in SMS messaging mode, The serial port of communication station single-chip microcomputer is directly connected with gsm module, completes the initialization to gsm module, realizes the transmitting-receiving of short message Function.Another serial port of single-chip microcomputer is communicated with bluetooth module, and communication data is stored in nonvolatile storage.Communication station Gsm module uses chip TC35i, and quick, reliable, safety transmission, single-chip microcomputer are provided for data, voice, short message and fax Using STC12C5A60S2, chip TC35i integrates radio circuit and base band, AT Command Set is supported, wherein containing to SMS Control, single-chip microcomputer instructs by sending a series of AT to gsm module, completes the initialization to gsm module and receiving short message. The SIM card for being configured with cell-phone number of gsm module is connected to, necessary set first must be carried out to SIM card on mobile phone and enable and set Zhi Hao Short Message Centers service number makes it possible to contact with Short Message Center, therefore need not carry out similar set again in use Put.
Because only transceiving data, the system SMS transmitting-receiving uses TEXT patterns.TEXT patterns are one based on ASCII character Plant tactic pattern.Character string that single-chip microcomputer is received directly tabled look-up with forms mode be converted into command code and data or vice versa by its It is converted into ASCII character transmission.
Shared electric bicycle is provided with intelligent speed-limiting device and digital speed meter, and possesses moveable endless, F-Zero Less than 20 kilometers.Set in shared electric bicycle diamond communication station or the charging registration controller for installing electric bicycle or Infrared calling mechanism.Charge registration controller comprising single-chip microcomputer, charge controller, nonvolatile storage, infrared transceiver device and Bluetooth module, the serial port of single-chip microcomputer is directly connected with bluetooth module.Gsm module and charging registration control are included in communication station Device, each communication station is uploaded to total station control after the register information being collected into is carried out into data processing, by master station's monitoring control devices Vehicle flowrate, and realize that shared electric bicycle parks user's condominium and accessible positioning in order everywhere.In shared electric bicycle Equipped with controller for electric vehicle and intelligent speed-limiting device, controller for electric vehicle includes single-chip microcomputer, nonvolatile storage, infrared receiving/transmission dress Put, bluetooth module and gsm module, infrared transceiver device is connected to the I/O mouths of single-chip microcomputer, the dual serial mouth of single-chip microcomputer respectively with Gsm module and bluetooth module are directly connected, and single-chip microcomputer is controlled to gsm module, with SMS messaging mode realize remote data without Line is transmitted.The infrared receiving/transmission being made up of infrared transmitting tube and infrared receiving tube and lens is included in infrared transceiver device to pop one's head in.It is single The I/O mouths of piece machine are respectively with the electric door lock of shared electric bicycle and being fixed on the horseshoe lock of front wheel carrier and being connected.It is unshared electronic The mechanical electric door lock that bicycle is used is without changing and being made up of relay and its drive circuit, its switching signal is passed through by single-chip microcomputer I/O mouthfuls of offers, when user's car, controller for electric vehicle is obtained after unlocking instruction to electric door lock transmission unlocking signal, is series at storage The relay normally open contact closure of battery feed circuit, so that the key for replacing unshared electric bicycle to use opens electric switch Lock, shares the different conditions of electric bicycle by change-over switch control.Unlocking signal is also sent to by controller for electric vehicle simultaneously Horseshoe lock, horseshoe lock is made up of common unlocking motor and unlocking mechanism, by controller for electric vehicle unlock after can just draw manually Drive to lock.It is the anti-theft feature for strengthening electric bicycle to install horseshoe lock.
Intelligent speed-limiting device is to pass through MCU control PWM circuit by controller for electric vehicle in shared electric bicycle Output, so as to change power tube power output, and measurement data and speed setting value according to digital speed meter changes most High speed per hour.10 to 15 kilometers are limited at according to registration website road congested conditions F-Zero in setting time of trip, When green hand ride or road it is crowded occur riding speed change greatly when, F-Zero is limited at 8 to 12 kilometers.It is shared it is electronic from The battery pack of driving installs platinum resistance thermometer sensor, measures battery pack ambient temperature by A/D converter by controller for electric vehicle, works as temperature Fan for cooling is opened during more than 25 DEG C, when temperature is more than 50 DEG C of alarms and reduces cell stack power output.
Indicated in the major trunk roads roadside of business district non-motor vehicle parking stall graticule bicycle parking area set communication station or Charge registration controller, sets communication station to be used to constitute communication network, a charging registration controller includes one or more fill Electric stake, the charge controller of charging pile is equipped with thermistor temperature detecting device, and with waterproof and full of power down function, more than 25 DEG C Shi Kaiqi fan for cooling is protected, and after shared electric bicycle accesses charging pile, delay is started to charge up and shown by LED for 10 minutes Charged state.When shared electric bicycle is parked, voltameter on user Yi Qiche, selection docks at charging pile position or against filling The electric tactic stand of stake, needs not going charging not checkout and punishment of being withholdd during charging if voltameter is shown, Charging is gone to reward.Each charging pile is respectively mounted infrared transceiver device, and charging pile is installed on by charging registration controller taking turn scanning Infrared transceiver device to access charging pile shared electric bicycle number register.Hereafter by being connected to the shared electronic of charging pile Bicycle starts sequentially to make infrared relay numbering registration to resting in the shared electric bicycle beside charging pile, arbitrarily parks then Can not register to settle accounts.The infrared transceiver device of shared electric bicycle sets positioning with infrared receiving/transmission probe and relay with red Outer transmitting-receiving probe.Infrared receiving/transmission probe is equipped with lens, and transmitting is with receiving angle and the pairing of infrared light wavelength by infrared emission two Level pipe is determined with receiving the experiment of the parameter of diode and the selection of lens parameter and scene transmitting with receiving.Shared electrical salf-walking The infrared receiving/transmission probe of car except outer to penetrating with charging pile, at the top of the rearview mirror bracket also loaded on handlebar or it is another fill one for identifying or Relay at the top of the vertical rod of decoration is popped one's head in infrared receiving/transmission, relay infrared receiving/transmission probe have unified setting height(from bottom) and position to Electric bicycle or so makees left or right mark to penetrating, accordingly, and its signal launched is not stopped by other bicycles.In bluetooth network Network is constituted under the support of algorithm, and an independent wireless network can be automatically composed in a short period of time without other networks Hardware or the network facilities are supported.The operation of equipment in the LMP Link Manager Protocol control piconet of bluetooth equipment, is synchronized to shared A shared physical radio channel is referred to as main equipment by one group of equipment of clock and hopping pattern there is provided the equipment of synchronous base, All other equipment is referred to as slave unit.One main equipment is at most connected with 7 active slave units, main equipment transmission link pipe Device protocol connection request data cell is managed, the bluetooth module matched with solicited message is activated or is waken up from resting state, entered The correlation such as row parameter is consulted, and is set up asynchronous wireless connecting link and prepared for data transfer, if any it is multiple it is unnecessary it is active from Equipment, which will be notified that, enters park mode, also target dormancy slave unit can be invited to become active slave unit as needed afterwards.
Setting after the far infrared transceiver starting that daily charging registration controller is arranged on charging pile as main equipment In fixing time, shared electric bicycle, which is sequentially ingressed into charging pile registration or enter and sequentially parked beside charging pile, to be made relay numbering and steps on Note, the relay numbering registration refers to that the relay for the shared electric bicycle registered by charging pile is popped one's head in storage with infrared receiving/transmission Shared electric bicycle beside charging pile starts registration, shared electric bicycle after registration again successfully to register when relay The left or right popped one's head in infrared receiving/transmission is received, to the right or registration is numbered in left unregistered shared electric bicycle, and is transmitted Registration and number information, to the last can not be to next registration and numbering or to setting time, and last is successfully registered It is waken up what bluetooth module in accessing main equipment was controlled from resting state labeled as relay car with the shared electric bicycle of numbering Piconet, and set master is wirelessly transmitted to by all registered and numbering the shared electric bicycle information delivered in relays Standby, relay car bluetooth module completes relay numbering registration into park mode after transmission, and that registers and number as first is total to Electric bicycle is enjoyed, relay registration and numbering hereafter are carried out to shared electric bicycle numbering by charging registration controller.Relay Registration and numbering process:First to having been enter into charging registration controller unregistered shared electricity after the Bluetooth signal area of coverage and car locking Dynamic bicycle is waken up access piconet, and each shared electric bicycle in piconet is sequentially distributed by charging registration controller " new numbering ", for infrared relay registration, the shared electric bicycle bluetooth module after the new numbering of distribution is to be placed in resting state, Then, charging registration controller is compiled to registered and numbering the shared electric bicycle registered and numbered including charging pile with it Number for address realize charging registration controller exchanged with the register information of shared electric bicycle bluetooth module serial communication, and All new numberings are sent to all registered and numbering the shared electricity in addition to charging pile is registered and is numbered by charging registration controller Dynamic bicycle, be then according to new numbering since the relay car address to the shared electric bicycle of new numbering sequentially scan transponding after make Infrared relay registration.The infrared relay registration connects when referring to the shared electric bicycle after infrared registration again successfully to register Left or right that power is popped one's head in infrared receiving/transmission is received, to the right or left unregistered shared electric bicycle makees scan transponding registration, and Transmission registration and number information, last shared electric bicycle registered by relay are taken over original labeled as new relay car and connect Power car, and access piconet is waken up from resting state, then this all shared electric bicycle for newly registering and numbering is believed Breath is wirelessly transmitted to relay car bluetooth module after charging registration controller, transmission and enters the infrared relay registration of park mode completion. Hereafter second batch and the multiple above-mentioned relay of each batch weight later are registered and numbered, and so go round and begin again continuous renewal register information.Relay The purpose of registration and numbering is that the shared electric bicycle of requirement is sequentially parked, and the new numbering that can not complete to register and number is shared Electric bicycle, its new numbering makes marks records its user profile as " sequence number to be stepped on ".The registration and numbering refer to share The license number of electric bicycle and the one-to-one corresponding of numbering.Its LED is every a timing after each shared electric bicycle is successfully registered Between it is glittering once green.
With the exception of this, the shared electric bicycle parked is after the personnel that are managed arrange shift position, it is necessary to be stepped on to charging Unregistered shared electric bicycle is registered in note controller Bluetooth signal coverage, and charging registration controller is taken through connecing Behind the interval for several lot numbers that power is registered and numbering is set, the registration and numbering are expanded into sequence number to be stepped on.Extension registration and Numbering:First in order of numbers opens the infrared of the registered shared electric bicycle of a numbering in addition to charging pile is registered and is numbered R-T unit, to sharing electric bicycle in diamond according to newly numbering and serial number address to be stepped on, sequentially makees red after scan transponding Outer relay registration, after the completion of enter next registered numbering operation, until all registered numbering operations are completed. The shared electric bicycle finally successfully registered in the infrared relay registration of each registered numbering in extension registration and numbering, Cancel former relay car as new relay car and carry out relay registration and numbering, charging registration controller is total to registered and numbering Enjoy electric bicycle sequentially list and be easy to control.
When shared electric bicycle and charging registration controller enter row information exchange, the charging registration controller of communication station connects The register information of each shared electric bicycle is received, other charging registration controllers will be each collected into each shared electric bicycle Register information carry out information exchange.Register information is registered comprising each charging registration controller being collected into setting time section Shared electric bicycle license number and its status of equipment, use pattern, user type and telephone number, enrollment time and charging Registration controller is encoded.Shared electric bicycle by register information be sent to after charging registration controller will the register information delete Remove, each charging registration controller is deleted the register information repeated and simultaneously transmitted by shared electric bicycle after arrangement, through communication station to Total station control collects.
Bicycle parking area in non-business district, daily first shared electric bicycle is with being installed on the infrared of roadside Calling mechanism proceeds by first shared electric bicycle being registered after relay numbering registration, setting time and is arranged to main set It is standby, relay registration and numbering and extension registration are carried out as stated above and is numbered, and its numbering of different main equipments makees different marks Know, when the shared electric bicycle unlocking for being set to main equipment is ridden away, send registration and number information to infrared step on Note device is simultaneously re-set as slave unit, the shared electricity that the next infrared transceiver device with being installed on roadside is registered and numbered After dynamic bicycle, the registration and the number information that receive infrared transceiver device, it is set to main equipment and continues relay registration and number, when Its information is transferred to master station by electric bicycle and handled during shared electric bicycle quantity deficiency, and pedal can also be used to work as Ride to destination and award as bicycle.
The registration controller of identical numbering is set in all front doors of school or residential area, by its bluetooth module piconet Automatic that the shared electric bicycle registration that comes in and goes out is represented to come in and go out with the odevity of log-on count, it into even number is that odd number, which is, fashionable Shared electric bicycle sends register information to registration controller, and registration controller sends register information to shared electricity when going out Dynamic bicycle.Or take inside residential area or probe is installed in the bicycle parking area of other sheltered situations, it is to avoid shared electricity Dynamic bicycle is damaged in residential area or other sheltered situations;
Shared electric bicycle user is divided into VIP user and casual user.Pass by one's way pedestrian, voluntary labor service is casual user. VIP user rides technology through the registration examination of administrative department real name, is unlocked and is settled accounts using mobile phone A PP.Shared electric bicycle is ridden Row will dock to neighbouring bicycle parking area and carry out car locking registration checkout after arriving at, be refused without registration car locking Checkout.VIP user can not be parked in bicycle parking area temporary transient through mobile phone APP selections " from keeping " pattern after arriving at Non-registration is settled accounts, when exceed after car locking the setting storage period such as 1 it is small when after start the timing parked, this is undertaken by the user and is total to Electric bicycle duty of super intendence is enjoyed, electric bicycle LED is shared glittering at regular intervals once red, it is allowed to lock and prohibit Only other people use, when the VIP user unlocks again to ride, and park timing time according to it and collect certain rent.It is not to park certainly Drive a vehicle the non-from storage modes user of diamond, then car locking refuses checkout, it is desirable to which when settling accounts, mobile phone A PP points out the user correct Park and otherwise undertake shared electric bicycle custodial responsibility and fine, such as continue to park after setting time, mobile phone A PP through short message to Total station control alarm is put on record.
Shared electric bicycle system takes user to pull together condominium method.The car plate of each shared electric bicycle indicates this The license plate number of car and total station control telephone number, casual user is with the total station control telephone number end extra bus board of mobile phone dialing Number, total station control receives license plate number and obtains casual user's age characteristics by telephone number query, and by GSM using special Controller for electric vehicle from telephone number to shared electric bicycle send short message unlocking instruction, controller for electric vehicle is to unregistered Car or disabled vehicle are to unlock, and at this moment casual user can pull open lock manually and use, and controller for electric vehicle starts timing restriction and ridden The row time, shut after arriving at registration, controller for electric vehicle sends short message, total stand control by GSM to total station control Device adds up use time and awarded, and is sent to casual user and gets reward short message;Shared electric bicycle be equipped with by it is several not The mercoid switch group of the mercoid switch composition of same installment state, if casual user is not to ride but be transported to up to registration mesh Ground registration, controller for electric vehicle judges shared according to equipment of itself fault detect and mercoid switch group on off state changing rule Whether electric bicycle damages or rides, and carries out the reward to telephone number casual user.Controller for electric vehicle is periodically inquired about Capital equipment, finds to damage or equipment is stolen and put on record.Total station control finds that disabled vehicle, corpse car are to send at cruiser Reason.Car changes fierce with non-registration mercoid switch group on off state is shut when removing car steathily, shares electric bicycle various forms of Mercoid switch group on off state changing rule under motion state is drawn by testing, as short through GSM in stolen car controller for electric vehicle Believe and put on record to the alarm of total station control, checking in case by GSM nets dispatches a car general orientation, or send cruiser to crime periphery is several fills Electric registration controller sends inspection request, discovers and seizes case and dispatches a car movement locus, several peripheries charging registration controller timesharing and crime Car communicates, and is positioned according to the bluetooth signal intensity received according to prior art, then by cruiser comprehensive assessment crime truck position, enter Bluetooth signal intensity positioning that one step dispatches a car movement locus according to case and the case that receives is dispatched a car, most backward crime car through GSM message or Bluetooth signal sends unlatching alarm vocal command, and case, which is dispatched a car, sends alarm, and cruiser personnel find case according to alarm and dispatched a car.
(4) illustrate:
Fig. 1 is a kind of circuit structure block diagram of shared electric bicycle system;
(5) embodiment:
A kind of circuit structure block diagram of shared electric bicycle system including Tong Xin Zhan ﹙ A ﹚, charging as shown in figure 1, step on Remember and GSM moulds are housed in the controller for electric vehicle (B) of controller, infrared calling mechanism and shared electric bicycle, Tong Xin Zhan ﹙ A ﹚ The ﹚ of Kuai ﹙ 2 and charging registration controller.The registration controller that charges loses the ﹚ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 5, infrared receiving/transmission comprising Wei Kong Qi ﹙ 4 ﹚, non-Yi Dress puts the ﹚ of ﹙ 6, the blue ﹚ of tooth mould block ﹙ 3 and fills the ﹚ of electric controller ﹙ 14, wherein micro- control ﹚ of device ﹙ 4 processed use STC12C5A60S2, infrared receiving/transmission The ﹚ of Zhuan Zhi ﹙ 6 are connected to the I/O mouths of single-chip microcomputer, and using the ﹚ of Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ 3 of CC2541 chip serial ports transparent transmissions, work as STC12C5A60S2 When sending data, non-Yi are lost into the data stored in the ﹚ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 5 and carry out data definition according to HCI-RS232 host-host protocols, are led to The RX/TX for crossing the ﹚ of Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ 3 sends data or order, and the ﹚ of Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ 3 carry out the nothing of data using the microstrip antenna carried Line is transmitted;The data of reception are also to be transmitted by serial communication, save the data in non-Yi lose in the ﹚ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 5 in case STC12C5A60S2 is for further processing, so as to complete the exchange of Bluetooth wireless data.
Controller for electric vehicle (B) is by Dan Pian Ji ﹙ 8 ﹚, non-Yi lose the ﹚ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 9, the infrared receiving/transmission of shared electric bicycle is filled Install the ﹚ of positioning infrared receiving/transmission Tan Tou ﹙ 7 and the ﹚ of 10 12 ﹚, GSM Mo Kuai ﹙ of ﹚, Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ of relay infrared receiving/transmission Tan Tou ﹙ 11 Constituted with the ﹚ of battery Chong electricity electricity Lu ﹙ 13.
The ﹚ of GSM Mo Kuai ﹙ 11 in the ﹚ of GSM Mo Kuai ﹙ 2 and controller for electric vehicle (B) in Tong Xin Zhan ﹙ A ﹚, all using chip TC35i, chip TC35i integrate radio circuit and base band, AT Command Set are supported, wherein containing the control to SMS, micro-control The ﹚ of 4 ﹚ or Dan Pian Ji ﹙ of Qi ﹙ 8 processed are instructed by sending a series of AT to gsm module, are completed the initialization to gsm module and are passed through GSM nets the ﹚ of ﹙ 1 and total station control carries out receiving short message.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of shared electric bicycle system, is shared electric bicycle and locked using barcode scanning, mobile phone A PP enters shared electrical salf-walking Car " is used " after interface, the shared electric bicycle Quick Response Code barcode scanning of alignment immediately, and mobile phone sends unlocking instruction, user by bluetooth It can unlock manually, mobile phone A PP starts timing, it is characterized in that, registration is needed in place when user arrives at car locking, and car locking is opened Action record lock state is closed, user can settle accounts according to timing time;Shared electric bicycle is parked after registration, passes through shared electricity Dynamic bicycle transmission register information, then total station control is sent to by communication station network;
Communication station is communicated using GSM nets using SMS transmitting-receiving mode with total station control;The transmission of information is taken by short message (SMSC) is relayed at business center, and it can set up connection without dialing by GSM SMS service SMS, and the information to be sent out is added Upper stay of two nights data are sent to short message service center, and the final stay of two nights is then forwarded to after completing storage through short message service center;
Communication station is controlled using single-chip microcomputer to gsm module, realizes that remote data is wirelessly transferred in SMS messaging mode, monolithic The serial port of machine is directly connected with gsm module, completes the initialization to gsm module, realizes the transmission-receiving function of short message;Single-chip microcomputer Another serial port communicated with bluetooth module, communication data is stored in nonvolatile storage;The gsm module of communication station is used Chip TC35i, single-chip microcomputer uses STC12C5A60S2, and single-chip microcomputer is instructed by sending a series of AT to gsm module, completion pair The initialization of gsm module and receiving short message;
SMS transmitting-receiving uses TEXT patterns;TEXT patterns are a kind of tactic patterns based on ASCII character;What single-chip microcomputer was received Character string directly tabled look-up with forms mode be converted into command code and data or vice versa convert thereof into ASCII character transmission;
Shared electric bicycle is provided with intelligent speed-limiting device and digital speed meter, and possesses moveable endless, it is shared it is electronic from Driving diamond sets communication station or installs the charging registration controller or infrared calling mechanism of electric bicycle;Charging registration control Device processed includes bluetooth module, and the serial port of single-chip microcomputer is directly connected with bluetooth module;Stepped in communication station comprising gsm module and charging Remember controller, share electric bicycle in be equipped with controller for electric vehicle and intelligent speed-limiting device, controller for electric vehicle comprising single-chip microcomputer, Nonvolatile storage, infrared transceiver device, bluetooth module and gsm module, infrared transceiver device are connected to the I/O mouths of single-chip microcomputer, single The dual serial mouthful of piece machine is directly connected with gsm module and bluetooth module respectively;Included in infrared transceiver device by infrared emission The infrared receiving/transmission probe that pipe and infrared receiving tube and lens are constituted;The electricity of the I/O mouths of single-chip microcomputer respectively with shared electric bicycle Door lock and the horseshoe lock connection for being fixed on front wheel carrier;The mechanical electric door lock that unshared electric bicycle is used without, change by after Electrical equipment and its drive circuit are constituted, and its switching signal is by single-chip microcomputer through I/O mouthfuls of offers, and when user is with car, controller for electric vehicle is obtained Obtain after unlocking instruction to electric door lock transmission unlocking signal, be series at the relay normally open contact closure of storage battery power supply circuit, altogether The different conditions of electric bicycle are enjoyed by change-over switch control;Unlocking signal is also sent to horseshoe by controller for electric vehicle simultaneously Lock, horseshoe lock is made up of common unlocking motor and unlocking mechanism, by controller for electric vehicle unlock after can just pull open car manually Lock;
Intelligent speed-limiting device is to pass through the defeated of MCU control PWM circuit by controller for electric vehicle in shared electric bicycle Go out, so as to change power tube power output, and measurement data and speed setting value according to digital speed meter is when changing highest Speed;10 to 15 kilometers are limited at according to registration website road congested conditions F-Zero in setting time of trip, works as life Hand ride or road it is crowded occur riding speed change greatly when, F-Zero is limited at 8 to 12 kilometers;Shared electric bicycle Battery pack install platinum resistance thermometer sensor, by controller for electric vehicle by A/D converter measure battery pack ambient temperature, when temperature exceedes Fan for cooling is opened at 25 DEG C, when temperature is more than 50 DEG C of alarms and reduces cell stack power output;
Communication station or charging registration controller, a charging registration are set in the bicycle parking area in the major trunk roads roadside of business district Controller includes one or more charging piles, and the charge controller of charging pile is equipped with thermistor temperature detecting device, and with waterproof Protected with fan for cooling is opened full of power down function, during more than 25 DEG C, after shared electric bicycle accesses charging pile, delay 10 Minute starts to charge up and shows charged state by LED;When shared electric bicycle is parked, voltameter on user Yi Qiche, selection Dock at charging pile position or against the tactic stand of charging pile, need not go to fill during charging if voltameter is shown Electricity not checkout and punishment of being withholdd, goes charging to reward;Each charging pile is respectively mounted infrared transceiver device, by charging registration control Device wheel patrols shared electric bicycle numbering registration of the infrared transceiver device to access charging pile that scanning is installed on charging pile;Hereafter By being connected to the shared electric bicycle of charging pile to sequentially making infrared resting in the shared electric bicycle beside charging pile Relay numbering registration, is arbitrarily parked, can not register to settle accounts;The infrared transceiver device of shared electric bicycle sets positioning Popped one's head in infrared receiving/transmission probe and relay with infrared receiving/transmission;The infrared receiving/transmission probe of shared electric bicycle is removed with charging pile to penetrating Outside, at the top of rearview mirror bracket also loaded on handlebar or another a relay infrared receiving/transmission being used at the top of the vertical rod that identifies or decorate is filled Probe, relay infrared receiving/transmission probe has unified setting height(from bottom) and position to electric bicycle or so to penetrating, it is corresponding make it is left or Right mark, its signal launched is not stopped by other bicycles;
The far infrared transceiver that daily charging registration controller is arranged on charging pile as main equipment start after setting when In, shared electric bicycle, which is sequentially ingressed into charging pile registration or enters sequentially to park beside charging pile, makees relay numbering registration, The relay numbering registration refers to that the relay infrared receiving/transmission for the shared electric bicycle registered by charging pile is popped one's head in depositing in Shared electric bicycle beside charging pile starts registration, shared electric bicycle after registration again successfully to register when relay use The left or right of infrared receiving/transmission probe is received, to the right or registration is numbered in left unregistered shared electric bicycle, and transmission is stepped on Note and number information, to the last can not to next registration and numbering or to setting time, last successfully registered and Numbering shared electric bicycle labeled as relay car from resting state be waken up access main equipment in bluetooth module control it is micro- Microgrid, and main equipment will be wirelessly transmitted to by all registered and numbering the shared electric bicycle information delivered in relays, Relay car bluetooth module enters park mode completion relay numbering registration, the shared electricity as first registration and numbering after transmission Dynamic bicycle, hereafter carries out relay registration and numbering by charging registration controller to shared electric bicycle numbering;Relay is registered With numbering process:First to have been enter into charging registration controller after the Bluetooth signal area of coverage and car locking it is unregistered it is shared it is electronic from Driving is waken up access piconet, sequentially distributes " new to each shared electric bicycle in piconet by charging registration controller Numbering ", for infrared relay registration, the shared electric bicycle bluetooth module after the new numbering of distribution is to be placed in resting state, is connect , charging registration controller is numbered to registered and numbering the shared electric bicycle registered and numbered including charging pile with it Realize that charging registration controller is exchanged with the register information of shared electric bicycle bluetooth module serial communication for address, and fill All new numberings are sent to all registered and numbering shared electronic in addition to charging pile is registered and is numbered by electric registration controller Bicycle, is then address to making red after the shared electric bicycle of new numbering sequentially scan transponding according to new numbering since the relay car Outer relay registration;Relay when the infrared relay registration refers to the shared electric bicycle after infrared registration again successfully to register The left or right popped one's head in infrared receiving/transmission is received, to the right or left unregistered shared electric bicycle makees scan transponding registration, and is passed Registration and number information are passed, last shared electric bicycle registered by relay takes over former relay labeled as new relay car Car, and access piconet is waken up from resting state, then by this all shared electric bicycle information for newly registering and numbering It is wirelessly transmitted to relay car bluetooth module after charging registration controller, transmission and enters the infrared relay registration of park mode completion;This Second batch and the multiple above-mentioned relay of each batch weight later are registered and numbered afterwards, and so go round and begin again continuous renewal register information;To can not The new numbering for completing registration and numbering shares electric bicycle, and its new numbering makes marks and records its user letter as " sequence number to be stepped on " Breath;The registration and numbering refer to the license number and the one-to-one corresponding of numbering of shared electric bicycle;Each shared electric bicycle into Its LED is glittering at regular intervals once green after work(registration;
With the exception of this, the shared electric bicycle parked is after the personnel that are managed arrange shift position, it is necessary to charging registration control Unregistered shared electric bicycle is registered in device Bluetooth signal coverage processed, and charging registration controller is taken to be stepped on through relay Behind the interval of note and several lot numbers of numbering setting, the registration and numbering are expanded into sequence number to be stepped on;Extension registration and numbering: First in order of numbers opens the infrared receiving/transmission of the registered shared electric bicycle of a numbering in addition to charging pile is registered and is numbered Device, to sharing electric bicycle in diamond according to newly numbering and serial number address to be stepped on, sequentially makees infrared connect after scan transponding Power register, after the completion of enter it is next it is registered numbering operation, until it is all it is registered numbering operation complete;In extension The shared electric bicycle finally successfully registered in the infrared relay registration of each registered numbering in registration and numbering, as New relay car cancels former relay car and carries out relay registration and numbering;
When shared electric bicycle and charging registration controller enter row information exchange, the charging registration controller of communication station receives each The register information of shared electric bicycle, other charging registration controllers and each shared electric bicycle are by stepping on for being each collected into Remember that information carries out information exchange;Register information includes being total to that each charging registration controller being collected into setting time section is registered Enjoy license number and its status of equipment, use pattern, user type and telephone number, enrollment time and the charging registration of electric bicycle Coding of controls;Shared electric bicycle by register information be sent to after charging registration controller will the register information delete, Each charging registration controller is deleted after the register information repeated and arrangement and transmitted by shared electric bicycle, through communication station to master station Controller collects;
Bicycle parking area in non-business district, daily first shared electric bicycle and the infrared registration for being installed on roadside Device proceeds by first shared electric bicycle being registered after relay numbering registration, setting time and is arranged to main equipment, Relay registration and numbering and extension registration are carried out as stated above and is numbered, and its numbering of different main equipments makees different marks, When the shared electric bicycle unlocking for being set to main equipment is ridden away, send registration and number information to infrared registration and fill Put and be re-set as slave unit, next be installed on roadside infrared transceiver device register and numbering it is shared it is electronic oneself After driving, the registration and the number information that receive infrared transceiver device, it is set to main equipment and continues relay registration and number, when shared Its information is transferred to master station by electric bicycle and handled when electric bicycle quantity is not enough, can also use pedal as list Car is ridden to destination and awarded;
In all front doors of school or residential area, the registration controller of identical numbering is set, it is automatic by its bluetooth module piconet To the shared electric bicycle registration that comes in and goes out, represented to come in and go out with the odevity of log-on count, it into even number is that odd number, which is, fashionable shared Electric bicycle sends register information to registration controller, when going out registration controller by register information send to it is shared it is electronic from Driving;Or take inside residential area or probe is installed in the bicycle parking area of other sheltered situations;
Shared electric bicycle user is divided into VIP user and casual user;Pass by one's way pedestrian, voluntary labor service is casual user;VIP is used Family is ridden technology through the registration examination of administrative department real name, is unlocked and is settled accounts using mobile phone A PP;Shared electric bicycle is ridden arrival Neighbouring bicycle parking area will be docked to behind destination and car locking registration checkout is carried out, checkout is refused without registration car locking; VIP user can not be parked in the temporary transient non-registration in bicycle parking area through mobile phone APP selections " from keeping " pattern after arriving at Checkout, exceeding the setting storage period after car locking starts the timing parked, and shared electric bicycle keeping is undertaken by the user Obligation, shares electric bicycle LED glittering at regular intervals once red, it is allowed to lock and forbid other people to use, when this VIP user unlocks again when riding, and parks timing time according to it and collects certain rent;Be not park bicycle parking area it is non-from Storage modes user, then car locking refuse checkout, it is desirable to when settling accounts, mobile phone A PP points out the user correctly to park and otherwise undertakes shared Electric bicycle custodial responsibility and fine, such as continue to park after setting time, and mobile phone A PP alarms standby through short message to total station control Case;
Shared electric bicycle system takes user to pull together condominium method;The car plate of each shared electric bicycle indicates the car License plate number and total station control telephone number, casual user with the total station control telephone number end extra bus trade mark of mobile phone dialing, Total station control receives license plate number, and is controlled by GSM using special telephone number to the electric car of shared electric bicycle Device sends short message unlocking instruction, and controller for electric vehicle is to unlock to unregistered car or disabled vehicle, and at this moment casual user can be manual Pull open lock to use, controller for electric vehicle starts timing restriction and ridden the time, shuts after arriving at registration, electric car control Device sends short message by GSM to total station control, and total station control adds up use time and awarded, sends and lead to casual user Take reward short message;Shared electric bicycle is equipped with the mercoid switch group being made up of the mercoid switch of several different installment states, If casual user is not to ride but be transported to up to the registration of registration destination, controller for electric vehicle is examined according to equipment of itself failure Survey and mercoid switch group on off state changing rule judges whether shared electric bicycle damages or ride, carry out to the phone number The reward of code casual user;Car and to shut the change of non-registration mercoid switch group on off state when removing car fierce steathily, share it is electronic from The mercoid switch group on off state changing rule driven a vehicle under various forms of motion states is drawn by testing, in case of stolen car electric car Controller is put on record through GSM message to the alarm of total station control, and checking in case by GSM nets dispatches a car general orientation, or sends cruiser to case The several charging registration controllers in hair ground periphery send inspection request, discover and seize case and dispatch a car movement locus, several peripheries charging registration controls Device timesharing processed is dispatched a car with case to communicate, and is positioned according to the bluetooth signal intensity received, then by cruiser comprehensive assessment crime parking stall Put, further according to case dispatch a car movement locus and the case that receives is dispatched a car bluetooth signal intensity positioning, most backward crime car is short through GSM Letter or Bluetooth signal send unlatching alarm vocal command, and case, which is dispatched a car, sends alarm, and cruiser personnel find crime according to alarm Car.
2. a kind of shared electric bicycle system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that including:
Tong Xin Zhan ﹙ A ﹚, charge registration controller, infrared calling mechanism and shared electric bicycle controller for electric vehicle (B), lead to Equipped with the ﹚ of GSM Mo Kuai ﹙ 2 and charging registration controller in Xin Zhan ﹙ A ﹚;The registration controller that charges includes ﹚ of Wei Kong Qi ﹙ 4, non-volatile The ﹚ of storage device ﹙ 5, infrared receiving/transmission dress is deposited to put the ﹚ of ﹙ 6, the blue ﹚ of tooth mould block ﹙ 3 and fill the ﹚ of electric controller ﹙ 14;The data of reception pass through serial communication Transmission, saves the data in non-Yi and loses in the ﹚ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 5;
Controller for electric vehicle (B) is by Dan Pian Ji ﹙ 8 ﹚, non-Yi lose the ﹚ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 9, the infrared transceiver device of shared electric bicycle is set Put the ﹚ of positioning infrared receiving/transmission Tan Tou ﹙ 7 and the ﹚ of 10 12 ﹚, GSM Mo Kuai ﹙ of ﹚, Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ of relay infrared receiving/transmission Tan Tou ﹙ 11 and storage The ﹚ of battery Chong electricity electricity Lu ﹙ 13 are constituted;
The ﹚ of GSM Mo Kuai ﹙ 11 in the ﹚ of GSM Mo Kuai ﹙ 2 and controller for electric vehicle (B) in Tong Xin Zhan ﹙ A ﹚, all using chip TC35i, Micro- ﹚ of the control ﹚ of device ﹙ 4 processed or single piece machines ﹙ 8 send a series of AT to gsm module and instructed, and net the ﹚ of ﹙ 1 by GSM and total station control is carried out Receiving short message.
CN201710622444.2A 2017-07-27 2017-07-27 A kind of shared electric bicycle system Pending CN107248232A (en)

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CN105023364A (en) * 2015-07-13 2015-11-04 长安大学 Public bike interlocking rental system based on GPS positioning
CN105216909A (en) * 2015-11-16 2016-01-06 谢瑞初 Self-service orderly stopping system
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Application publication date: 20171013