CN107393184A - A kind of message transfer system of shared electric bicycle - Google Patents

A kind of message transfer system of shared electric bicycle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107393184A
CN107393184A CN201710622433.4A CN201710622433A CN107393184A CN 107393184 A CN107393184 A CN 107393184A CN 201710622433 A CN201710622433 A CN 201710622433A CN 107393184 A CN107393184 A CN 107393184A
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China
Prior art keywords
registration
electric bicycle
shared electric
numbering
car
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN201710622433.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张金木
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Fuzhou Taijiang Chaoren Electronic Co Ltd
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Fuzhou Taijiang Chaoren Electronic Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710622433.4A priority Critical patent/CN107393184A/en
Publication of CN107393184A publication Critical patent/CN107393184A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07FCOIN-FREED OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • G07F17/00Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services
    • G07F17/0042Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services for hiring of objects
    • G07F17/0057Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services for hiring of objects for the hiring or rent of vehicles, e.g. cars, bicycles or wheelchairs
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/30Constructional details of charging stations
    • B60L53/31Charging columns specially adapted for electric vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R25/00Fittings or systems for preventing or indicating unauthorised use or theft of vehicles
    • B60R25/10Fittings or systems for preventing or indicating unauthorised use or theft of vehicles actuating a signalling device
    • B60R25/102Fittings or systems for preventing or indicating unauthorised use or theft of vehicles actuating a signalling device a signal being sent to a remote location, e.g. a radio signal being transmitted to a police station, a security company or the owner
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R25/00Fittings or systems for preventing or indicating unauthorised use or theft of vehicles
    • B60R25/10Fittings or systems for preventing or indicating unauthorised use or theft of vehicles actuating a signalling device
    • B60R25/104Fittings or systems for preventing or indicating unauthorised use or theft of vehicles actuating a signalling device characterised by the type of theft warning signal, e.g. visual or audible signals with special characteristics
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R25/00Fittings or systems for preventing or indicating unauthorised use or theft of vehicles
    • B60R25/20Means to switch the anti-theft system on or off
    • B60R25/2018Central base unlocks or authorises unlocking
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q30/00Commerce, e.g. shopping or e-commerce
    • G06Q30/02Marketing, e.g. market research and analysis, surveying, promotions, advertising, buyer profiling, customer management or rewards; Price estimation or determination
    • G06Q30/0207Discounts or incentives, e.g. coupons, rebates, offers or upsales
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q30/00Commerce, e.g. shopping or e-commerce
    • G06Q30/06Buying, selling or leasing transactions
    • G06Q30/0645Rental, i.e. leasing
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07CTIME OR ATTENDANCE REGISTERS; REGISTERING OR INDICATING THE WORKING OF MACHINES; GENERATING RANDOM NUMBERS; VOTING OR LOTTERY APPARATUS; ARRANGEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS FOR CHECKING NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • G07C9/00Individual registration on entry or exit
    • G07C9/00174Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07CTIME OR ATTENDANCE REGISTERS; REGISTERING OR INDICATING THE WORKING OF MACHINES; GENERATING RANDOM NUMBERS; VOTING OR LOTTERY APPARATUS; ARRANGEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS FOR CHECKING NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • G07C9/00Individual registration on entry or exit
    • G07C9/00174Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys
    • G07C9/00309Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys operated with bidirectional data transmission between data carrier and locks
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07CTIME OR ATTENDANCE REGISTERS; REGISTERING OR INDICATING THE WORKING OF MACHINES; GENERATING RANDOM NUMBERS; VOTING OR LOTTERY APPARATUS; ARRANGEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS FOR CHECKING NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • G07C9/00Individual registration on entry or exit
    • G07C9/00174Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys
    • G07C9/00571Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys operated by interacting with a central unit
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07CTIME OR ATTENDANCE REGISTERS; REGISTERING OR INDICATING THE WORKING OF MACHINES; GENERATING RANDOM NUMBERS; VOTING OR LOTTERY APPARATUS; ARRANGEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS FOR CHECKING NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • G07C9/00Individual registration on entry or exit
    • G07C9/00174Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys
    • G07C9/00896Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys specially adapted for particular uses
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08GTRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEMS
    • G08G1/00Traffic control systems for road vehicles
    • G08G1/20Monitoring the location of vehicles belonging to a group, e.g. fleet of vehicles, countable or determined number of vehicles
    • G08G1/205Indicating the location of the monitored vehicles as destination, e.g. accidents, stolen, rental
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R25/00Fittings or systems for preventing or indicating unauthorised use or theft of vehicles
    • B60R25/10Fittings or systems for preventing or indicating unauthorised use or theft of vehicles actuating a signalling device
    • B60R2025/1013Alarm systems characterised by the type of warning signal, e.g. visual, audible
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R2325/00Indexing scheme relating to vehicle anti-theft devices
    • B60R2325/30Vehicles applying the vehicle anti-theft devices
    • B60R2325/306Motorcycles
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage systems for electromobility, e.g. batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies relating to charging of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/12Electric charging stations
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies relating to charging of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/16Information or communication technologies improving the operation of electric vehicles

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of message transfer system of shared electric bicycle, wherein shared electric bicycle is unlocked using keyboard or barcode scanning, barcode scanning is unlocked, by way of communication station, charging registration controller or infrared calling mechanism are set, realize shared electric bicycle and park registration in order, user's condominium and accessible positioning, and networked by Z nRF905 radio communication modes, realize that register information is transferred to communication station and is uploaded to total station control again through shared electric bicycle, charging registration controller.

Description

A kind of message transfer system of shared electric bicycle
(1) technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of message transfer system of shared electric bicycle, wherein shared electric bicycle uses keyboard Or barcode scanning is unlocked, barcode scanning is unlocked, by way of setting communication station, charging registration controller or infrared calling mechanism, make to share Electric bicycle is realized parks registration, user's condominium and accessible positioning in order, and is joined by Z nRF905 radio communication modes Net, realize that register information is transferred to communication station and is uploaded to total station control again through shared electric bicycle, charging registration controller.
(2) background technology:
Quietly there is the few shared electric bicycle of quantity in street corner, and they are neatly arranged being total in bicycle parking area Among enjoying bicycle,.What shared electric bicycle solved is 3 to 10 kilometers of trip requirements, and application method and shared bicycle Datong District are small It is different, label is provided with after each electric bicycle, includes Quick Response Code and car number on label, user can be by scanning Quick Response Code Mode unlock vehicle, ride so as to reach completion.The shared electric bicycle outward appearance that street corner occurs nearly all is electric motorcycle Car pattern, not possessing moveable endless and violate national regulations, speed is very fast, once driver behavior is improper, larger potential safety hazard be present, Easily trigger traffic accidents
According to existing national technical standard《Electric bicycle general technical specifications》Regulation:The design speed per hour of electric bicycle Within 20 kilometers, weight is no more than 40 kilograms containing battery, must possess foot-operated function of riding.But electric bicycle is by friendship Logical safety law belongs to non-motor vehicle, equally enjoys and power is travelled on road.Secondly, electric bicycle can meet to travel need at a distance Ask.Present city scope expansion is increasing, therefore shared electric bicycle is particularly suitable for tier 2 cities and the need of villages and towns in rural areas Ask.
(3) content of the invention:
Shared electric bicycle is locked using keyboard password, is unlocked with password or barcode scanning.It is shared electronic to open cell phone application alignment After the Quick Response Code barcode scanning of bicycle, mobile phone sends unlocking instruction by bluetooth and can unlocked manually, and cell phone application starts timing, when When user arrives at car locking in place, car locking switch motion record lock state, user can settle accounts according to timing time.For When use for a long time frequently switches on lock, simple password can be set in cell phone application, making barcode scanning unlocking with lock controller communicates Afterwards, you can unlocked with the simple password, arrive at the simple password failure after checkout.When several personal collective's travellings Car, outdoor advertising propaganda team can use the collective of a cell phone application to be opened respectively as barcode scanning each car with car interface with car etc. Lock, while simple password is set, it is finished car and sends checkout confirmation to each shared electric bicycle by Bluetooth of mobile phone, shuts Afterwards, all simple password failures.
As the casual user of passerby or voluntary member can password unlocking entered from the keyboard, can be with without installing cell phone application When to disorderly parking the information of unregistered car or disabled vehicle using mobile phone according to shared electric bicycle car plate offer, to total stand control Device is called, and phone end adds shared electrical salf-walking license number, and total station control replys unlocking cipher short message, casual user With password unlocking, at this moment share electric bicycle and refusal is unlocked if correctly parking registration, when casual user will disorderly park After car corrects stand and registers car locking, lock controller record usage time and special purpose system, pass through registration control of charging Device and communication network collect cumulative award or expense to total station control, and master station is according to timing time, the car locking in setting time Registration with lottery, is deducted more than setting time expense by telephone charge.
Networked when barrier is less between Liang Ge communication stations using radio communication and total station control, Liang Ge communication stations point Not She Zhi radio communication nRF905 modules, in nRF905 modules nRF905 timings realized with wireless communication frequency between the station that sets Register information transmission, the reception state of radio communication is at this moment kept by communication station in front of setting order, carries out unidirectional information transfer. Single-chip microcomputer STC12C5A60S2 is communicated by its SPI interface with nRF905 in the charging registration controller of communication station, single-chip microcomputer STC12C5A60S2 another SPI interface is communicated with bluetooth module, and communication data is stored in nonvolatile storage.nRF905 Provide powerful hopping and substantial amounts of channel is supported, many special occasions can be used in, disturbed in communication When, it is anti-interference using frequency-hopping mode.NRF905 even with the PCB antenna without gain its transmission range also up to 200m, if Farther transmission range is needed, the antenna with gain can be made into and meet the needs of different;
The reception of nRF905 data, it is high level that single-chip microcomputer, which controls TRX_CE, TX_EN is low level, and nRF905, which enters, to be connect Receipts pattern;After 650us, nRF905 monitors aerial information, waits data to be received;When nRF905 detect it is identical with receives frequency Carrier wave when, set carrier wave detect pin CD be high level;When nRF905 receives effective address, address is set to match pipe Pin AM is high level;After a correct packet receives, nRF905 remove automatically the prefix of packet, address and CRC check code, data are then received into completion pin and are set to high level;TRX_CE is arranged to low level and passed through by single-chip microcomputer SPI interface is with effective reception data in certain Rate extraction packet;When all valid data receive, nRF905 It is low level that data receiver, which completes pin DR and address matching pin AM,;NRF905 enters standby mode.Receive process major cycle It is constantly in listening state, recursive call receiver function.If receiving packet, response bag is sent.When the communication station of setting When number is less, under communication station single-chip microcomputer STC12C5A60S2 controls, the register information of communication station passes through channel radio between communication station Reliable existing networking, and be sent to total station control through nRF905 and handle.
Shared electric bicycle is provided with intelligent speed-limiting device and digital speed meter, and possesses moveable endless, F-Zero Less than 20 kilometers.Set in shared electric bicycle diamond communication station or the charging registration controller for installing electric bicycle or Infrared calling mechanism.Charge registration controller include single-chip microcomputer, charge controller, nonvolatile storage, infrared transceiver device and Bluetooth module, the serial port of single-chip microcomputer are directly connected with bluetooth module.NRF905 modules and charging registration control are included in communication station Device processed, each communication station are uploaded to total station control after the register information being collected into is carried out into data processing, supervised by total station control Vehicle flowrate everywhere is surveyed, and realizes that shared electric bicycle parks user's condominium and accessible positioning in order.Shared electric bicycle In controller for electric vehicle and intelligent speed-limiting device be housed, controller for electric vehicle includes single-chip microcomputer, nonvolatile storage, infrared receiving/transmission dress Put, bluetooth module and keyboard, infrared transceiver device are connected to the I/O mouths of single-chip microcomputer, the serial port and bluetooth module of single-chip microcomputer are direct It is connected.The infrared receiving/transmission being made up of infrared transmitting tube and infrared receiving tube and lens is included in infrared transceiver device to pop one's head in.Monolithic The I/O mouths of machine are respectively with the electric door lock of shared electric bicycle and being fixed on the horseshoe lock of front wheel carrier and being connected.It is unshared it is electronic from The mechanical electric door lock used of driving a vehicle does not have to, and changes and is made up of relay and its drive circuit, its switching signal is by single-chip microcomputer through I/O Mouth provides, and sends unlocking signal to electric door lock after controller for electric vehicle acquisition unlocking instruction when user's car, is series at electric power storage The relay normally open contact closure of pond power supply circuit, so as to which the key for substituting unshared electric bicycle to use opens electric door lock, The different conditions of shared electric bicycle are controlled by change-over switch.Unlocking signal is also sent to horseshoe by controller for electric vehicle simultaneously Lock, horseshoe lock are made up of common unlocking motor and unlocking mechanism, and can pulls open car manually after being unlocked by controller for electric vehicle Lock.Installation horseshoe lock is the anti-theft feature for strengthening electric bicycle.
Intelligent speed-limiting device is to pass through MCU control PWM circuit by controller for electric vehicle in shared electric bicycle Output, so as to change power tube power output, and changed most according to the measurement data and speed setting value of digital speed meter High speed per hour.10 to 15 kilometers are limited at according to registration website road congested conditions F-Zero in setting time of trip, When green hand ride or road it is crowded occur riding speed change greatly when, F-Zero is limited at 8 to 12 kilometers.It is shared it is electronic from The battery pack installation platinum resistance thermometer sensor, of driving, measures battery pack ambient temperature by A/D converter by controller for electric vehicle, works as temperature Fan for cooling is opened during more than 25 DEG C, when temperature more than 50 DEG C of alarms and reduces cell stack power output.
Indicated in the major trunk roads roadside of business district non-motor vehicle parking stall graticule bicycle parking area set communication station or Charge registration controller, sets communication station to be used to form communication network, a charging registration controller fills including one or more Electric stake, the charge controller of charging pile are equipped with thermistor temperature detecting device, and with waterproof and full of power down function, more than 25 DEG C Shi Kaiqi fan for cooling is protected, and after shared electric bicycle accesses charging pile, delay is started to charge up and shown by LED for 10 minutes Charged state.When shared electric bicycle is parked, voltameter on user Yi Qiche, selection docks at charging pile position or against filling The electric tactic stand of stake, need not going charging not checkout and punishment of being withholdd during charging if voltameter is shown, Charging is gone to reward.Each charging pile is respectively mounted infrared transceiver device, and charging pile is installed on by charging registration controller taking turn scanning Infrared transceiver device to access charging pile shared electric bicycle number registration.Hereafter by being connected to the shared electronic of charging pile Bicycle starts sequentially to make infrared relay numbering registration to resting in the shared electric bicycle beside charging pile, arbitrarily parks then Can not register to settle accounts.The infrared transceiver device of shared electric bicycle sets positioning with infrared receiving/transmission probe and relay with red Outer transmitting-receiving probe.Infrared receiving/transmission probe is equipped with lens, and transmitting is with receiving angle and the pairing of infrared light wavelength by infrared emission two Level pipe determines with receiving the parameter of diode and the selection of lens parameter and scene transmitting with the experiment received.Shared electrical salf-walking The infrared receiving/transmission probe of car except outer to penetrating with charging pile, at the top of the rearview mirror bracket also loaded on handlebar or it is another fill one for identifying or Relay at the top of the vertical rod of decoration is popped one's head in infrared receiving/transmission, relay infrared receiving/transmission probe have unified setting height(from bottom) and position to Electric bicycle or so accordingly makees left or right mark to penetrating, and its signal launched is not stopped by other bicycles.In bluetooth network Network is formed under the support of algorithm, can be automatically composed an independent wireless network in a short period of time without other networks Hardware or the network facilities are supported.The operation of equipment in the LMP Link Manager Protocol control piconet of bluetooth equipment, is synchronized to shared One group of equipment of clock and hopping pattern will share a physical radio channel, there is provided and the equipment of synchronous base is referred to as main equipment, All other equipment is referred to as slave unit.One main equipment is at most connected with 7 active slave units, main equipment transmission link pipe Device protocol connection request data cell is managed, the bluetooth module matched with solicited message is activated or is waken up from resting state, entered Row parameter etc. is related to consult, and establishes asynchronous wireless connecting link and prepared for data transfer, if any it is multiple it is unnecessary it is active from Equipment will be notified that into park mode, also target dormancy slave unit can be invited to become active slave unit as needed afterwards.
Setting after the far infrared transceiver starting that daily charging registration controller is arranged on charging pile as main equipment In fixing time, shared electric bicycle, which is sequentially ingressed into charging pile registration or enter beside charging pile and sequentially parked, to be made relay numbering and steps on Note, the relay numbering registration refer to by the relay of the shared electric bicycle of charging pile registration with infrared receiving/transmission probe to storage Shared electric bicycle beside charging pile starts to register, the shared electric bicycle after registration again successfully to register when relay The left or right popped one's head in infrared receiving/transmission receives, and to the right or registration is numbered in left unregistered shared electric bicycle, and transmits Registration and number information, to the last can not be to next registration and numbering or to setting time, and last is successfully registered It is waken up what bluetooth module in access main equipment controlled from resting state labeled as relay car with the shared electric bicycle of numbering Piconet, and set master is wirelessly transmitted to by all registered and numbering the shared electric bicycle information delivered in relays It is standby, after transmission relay car bluetooth module enter park mode complete relay numbering registration, turn into first registration and numbering be total to Electric bicycle is enjoyed, relay registration and numbering hereafter are carried out to shared electric bicycle numbering by charging registration controller.Relay Registration and numbering process:First to having been enter into charging registration controller unregistered shared electricity after the Bluetooth signal area of coverage and car locking Dynamic bicycle is waken up access piconet, and each shared electric bicycle in piconet is sequentially distributed by charging registration controller " new numbering ", is registered for infrared relay, and the shared electric bicycle bluetooth module distributed after new numbering is placed in resting state, Then, the registration controller that charges is compiled to registered and numbering the shared electric bicycle registered and numbered including charging pile with it Number for address realize charging registration controller exchanged with the register information of shared electric bicycle bluetooth module serial communication, and All new numberings are sent to all registered and numbering the shared electricity in addition to charging pile is registered and is numbered by charging registration controller Dynamic bicycle, it is then address to making after the shared electric bicycle of new numbering sequentially scan transponding according to new numbering since relay car Infrared relay registration.The infrared relay registration connects when referring to the shared electric bicycle after infrared registration again successfully to register The left or right that power is popped one's head in infrared receiving/transmission receives, and to the right or left unregistered shared electric bicycle makees scan transponding registration, and Registration and number information are transmitted, last is taken over original labeled as new relay car by the shared electric bicycle that relay is registered and connect Power car, and access piconet is waken up from resting state, then this all shared electric bicycle for newly registering and numbering is believed Breath is wirelessly transmitted to charging registration controller, and relay car bluetooth module enters the infrared relay registration of park mode completion after transmission. Hereafter second batch and the multiple above-mentioned relay registration of each batch weight later and numbering, so go round and begin again and constantly update register information.Relay The purpose of registration and numbering is that the shared electric bicycle of requirement is sequentially parked, and the new numbering that can not complete to register and number is shared Electric bicycle, its new numbering makes marks records its user profile as " sequence number to be stepped on ".The registration and numbering refer to share The license number of electric bicycle and the one-to-one corresponding of numbering.Its LED is every a timing after each shared electric bicycle is successfully registered Between it is glittering once green.
With the exception of this, the shared electric bicycle parked is after the personnel that are managed arrange shift position, it is necessary to be stepped on to charging Unregistered shared electric bicycle is registered in note controller Bluetooth signal coverage, and charging registration controller is taken through connecing Behind the interval for several lot numbers that power is registered and numbering is set, the registration and numbering are expanded into sequence number to be stepped on.Extension registration and Numbering:First in order of numbers opens the infrared of the registered shared electric bicycle of a numbering in addition to charging pile is registered and is numbered R-T unit, number and serial number address to be stepped on, sequentially make after scan transponding red according to new to sharing electric bicycle in diamond Outer relay registration, after the completion of enter next registered numbering operation, until all registered numbering operations are completed. The shared electric bicycle finally successfully registered in the infrared relay registration of each registered numbering in extension registration and numbering, Cancel former relay car as new relay car and carry out relay registration and numbering, charging registration controller is total to registered and numbering Electric bicycle sequentially list is enjoyed to be easy to control.
When shared electric bicycle and charging registration controller enter row information exchange, the charging registration controller of communication station connects The register information of each shared electric bicycle is received, other charging registration controllers will be each collected into each shared electric bicycle Register information carry out information exchange.Register information includes each charging registration controller being collected into setting time section and registered License number and its status of equipment, use pattern, user type and the telephone number of shared electric bicycle, enrollment time and charging Registration controller encodes.Shared electric bicycle by register information be sent to after charging registration controller will the register information delete Remove, each registration controller that charges is deleted after the register information repeated and arrangement by shared electric bicycle transmission, through communication station to Total station control collects.
In the bicycle parking area of non-business district, daily first shared electric bicycle is with being installed on the infrared of roadside Calling mechanism proceeds by relay numbering registration, and first shared electric bicycle being registered is arranged to main set after setting time It is standby, relay registration and numbering and extension registration are carried out as stated above and numbering, its numbering of different main equipments make different marks Know, when the shared electric bicycle unlocking for being arranged to main equipment is ridden away, send registration and number information to infrared step on Note device is simultaneously re-set as slave unit, and the next infrared transceiver device with being installed on roadside is registered and the shared electricity of numbering Dynamic bicycle, after the registration and the number information that receive infrared transceiver device, it is arranged to main equipment and continues relay registration and numbering, when Its information is transferred to master station by electric bicycle and handled during shared electric bicycle quantity deficiency, can also be worked as using pedal Ride to destination and award as bicycle.
The registration controller of identical numbering is set in all front doors of school or residential area, by its bluetooth module piconet Automatically to the shared electric bicycle registration that comes in and goes out, represent to come in and go out with the odevity of log-on count, it into even number is that odd number, which is, fashionable Shared electric bicycle sends register information to registration controller, and registration controller sends register information to shared electricity when going out Dynamic bicycle.Or take inside residential area or the bicycle parking area of other sheltered situations installation probe, avoid shared electricity Dynamic bicycle is damaged in residential area or other sheltered situations;
Shared electric bicycle user is divided into VIP user and casual user.Pass by one's way pedestrian, voluntary labor service is casual user. VIP user rides technology through the registration examination of administrative department real name, uses cell phone application to unlock and checkout.Shared electric bicycle is ridden Row will dock to neighbouring bicycle parking area and carry out car locking registration checkout after arriving at, be refused without registration car locking Checkout.VIP user can select " from keeping " pattern through cell phone application, and it is temporary transient not to be parked in bicycle parking area after arriving at Non-registration is settled accounts, when exceed after car locking the setting storage period such as 1 it is small when after start the timing parked, this is undertaken by the user and is total to Electric bicycle duty of super intendence is enjoyed, it is glittering at regular intervals once red to share electric bicycle LED, it is allowed to lock and prohibit Only other people use, and when the VIP user unlocks again to ride, park timing time according to it and collect certain rent.It is not to park certainly Drive a vehicle the non-from storage modes user of diamond, then car locking is not settled accounts, it is desirable to which when settling accounts, cell phone application prompts the user correct Park and otherwise undertake shared electric bicycle custodial responsibility and fine, such as continue after parking setting time, cell phone application through short message to Total station control alarm is put on record.
Shared electric bicycle system takes user to pull together condominium method.The car plate of each shared electric bicycle indicates this The license plate number of car and total station control telephone number, casual user is with the total station control telephone number end extra bus board of mobile phone dialing Number, total station control receives license plate number and obtains casual user's age characteristics by telephone number query, and by short message to mobile phone Special unlocking cipher is sent, casual user can input password, and controller for electric vehicle is unlocked to unregistered car or disabled vehicle, this When casual user can pull open manually lock use, controller for electric vehicle start timing limit ride the time, arrive at and step on Shut after note, controller for electric vehicle uses car information transmission to communication station by master station's bulk registration, master station by special unlocking cipher Controller adds up usage time and awarded, and is sent to casual user and gets reward short message;Shared electric bicycle is equipped with by several The mercoid switch group of the mercoid switch composition of individual different installment state, if casual user is not to ride but be transported to reach to step on Remember destination registration, controller for electric vehicle judges according to equipment of itself fault detect and mercoid switch group on off state changing rule Whether shared electric bicycle damages or rides, and carries out the reward to telephone number casual user.Controller for electric vehicle is regular Capital equipment is inquired about, it is found that damage or equipment are stolen and put on record.Total station control finds that disabled vehicle, corpse car send patrol Car processing.Car changes fierce, the various shapes of shared electric bicycle with non-registration mercoid switch group on off state is shut when removing car steathily Mercoid switch group on off state changing rule under the motion state of formula is drawn by testing, and will be believed in case of stolen car controller for electric vehicle Breath, which is transferred to the alarm of total station control, to be put on record, total station control or sends cruiser to crime the several charging registration controllers in periphery Inspection request is sent, case is discovered and seized and dispatches a car movement locus, several peripheries charging registration controller timesharing are dispatched a car with case to communicate, according to connecing The bluetooth signal intensity received positions according to prior art, then by cruiser comprehensive assessment crime truck position, is further dispatched a car according to case Movement locus and the case received are dispatched a car bluetooth signal intensity positioning, and most backward crime car sends unlatching alarm through Bluetooth signal Instruction, case, which is dispatched a car, sends alarm, and cruiser personnel find case according to alarm and dispatched a car.
(4) illustrate:
Fig. 1 is a kind of message transfer system circuit structure block diagram of shared electric bicycle.
(5) embodiment:
A kind of circuit structure block diagram of the message transfer system of shared electric bicycle is as shown in figure 1, including Tong Xin Zhan ﹙ A ﹚, charging registration controller, the controller for electric vehicle (B) of infrared calling mechanism and shared electric bicycle, fill in Tong Xin Zhan ﹙ A ﹚ There are the ﹚ of nRF905 Mo Kuai ﹙ 2 and charging registration controller.The registration controller that charges includes the ﹚ of Wei Kong Qi ﹙ 4, non-Yi and loses Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 5 ﹚, infrared receiving/transmission dress put the ﹚ of ﹙ 6, the blue ﹚ of tooth mould block ﹙ 3 and fill the ﹚ of electric controller ﹙ 14, wherein micro- control ﹚ of device ﹙ 4 processed are used The ﹚ of STC12C5A60S2, infrared receiving/transmission Zhuan Zhi ﹙ 6 are connected to the I/O mouths of single-chip microcomputer, and using the bluetooth of CC2541 chip serial ports transparent transmissions The ﹚ of Mo Kuai ﹙ 3, when STC12C5A60S2 sends data, non-Yi are lost to the data stored in the ﹚ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 5 and passed according to HCI-RS232 Defeated agreement carries out data definition, sends data or order by the ﹚ of Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ 3 RX/TX, the ﹚ of Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ 3 utilize what is carried Microstrip antenna carries out being wirelessly transferred for data;The data of reception are also to be transmitted by serial communication, are saved the data in non-volatile In case STC12C5A60S2 is for further processing, so as to complete the exchange of Bluetooth wireless data in the ﹚ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 5.
Controller for electric vehicle (B) loses the ﹚ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 9 by the ﹚ of Dan Pian Ji ﹙ 8, non-Yi, the infrared receiving/transmission of shared electric bicycle fills Install the ﹚ of the positioning infrared receiving/transmission Tan Tou ﹙ 7 and ﹚ of 10 ﹚, Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ of relay infrared receiving/transmission Tan Tou ﹙ 12, the ﹚ of Jian Pan ﹙ 11 and storage The ﹚ of battery Chong electricity electricity Lu ﹙ 13 are formed.
In Tong Xin Zhan ﹙ A ﹚ charging registration controller the ﹚ STC12C5A60S2 of Wei Kong Qi ﹙ 4 by its SPI interface with The ﹚ of nRF905 Mo Kuai ﹙ 2 communicate, and STC12C5A60S2 another SPI interface communicates with the ﹚ CC2541 of Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ 3, in communication station Under the ﹚ STC12C5A60S2 of Wei Kong Qi ﹙ 4 controls, the register information of communication station realizes networking by radio communication between communication station, and Total station control processing is sent to through nRF905.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of message transfer system of shared electric bicycle, share electric bicycle using keyboard password lock, with password or Barcode scanning is unlocked;After the Quick Response Code barcode scanning for opening the shared electric bicycle of cell phone application alignment, mobile phone sends unlocking instruction by bluetooth It can unlock manually, cell phone application starts timing, when user arrives at car locking in place, car locking switch motion record lock State, user can settle accounts according to timing time;It is characterized in that when frequently switching on lock for use for a long time, can be in cell phone application Middle setting simple password, with controller for electric vehicle make barcode scanning unlock communicate after, you can with the simple password unlocking, arrival purpose The simple password failure after ground checkout;When several personal collective's travelling cars, outdoor advertising propaganda team car etc. are available one The collective of cell phone application makees barcode scanning unlocking to each car respectively with car interface, while sets simple password, is finished car and passes through mobile phone Bluetooth sends checkout to each shared electric bicycle and confirmed, after shutting, all simple password failures;
As the casual user of passerby or voluntary member can password unlocking entered from the keyboard, without install cell phone application can be right at any time The information that unregistered car or disabled vehicle are provided using mobile phone according to shared electric bicycle car plate is disorderly parked, is dialled to total station control Make a phone call, phone end adds shared electrical salf-walking license number, and total station control replys unlocking cipher short message, and casual user is i.e. available close Code is unlocked, and at this moment shares electric bicycle and refusal is unlocked if correctly parking registration, entangled when casual user will disorderly park car Positive stand and after registering car locking, controller for electric vehicle record usage time and special purpose system, passes through the registration controller that charges Collect cumulative award or expense to total station control with communication network, master station is according to timing time, and car locking is stepped in setting time Note with lottery, is deducted more than setting time expense by telephone charge;
Networked when barrier is less between Liang Ge communication stations using radio communication and total station control, Liang Ge communication stations are set respectively Put radio communication nRF905 modules, in nRF905 modules nRF905 timings registered letter is realized with wireless communication frequency between the station that sets Breath is transmitted, and the reception state of radio communication is at this moment kept by communication station in front of setting order, carries out unidirectional information transfer;Communication station Registration controller in single-chip microcomputer STC12C5A60S2 communicated by its SPI interface with nRF905, single-chip microcomputer STC12C5A60S2 Another SPI interface communicated with bluetooth module;
When nRF905 is detected with receives frequency identical carrier wave, a correct packet receives rear single-chip microcomputer and passed through SPI interface enters standby mode with effective reception data in certain Rate extraction packet, nRF905;Receive process master follows Ring is constantly in listening state, recursive call receiver function;If receiving packet, response bag is sent;When the communication of setting When number of standing is less, under communication station single-chip microcomputer STC12C5A60S2 controls, the register information of communication station passes through between communication station wirelessly Networking is realized in communication, and is sent to total station control through nRF905 and is handled;
Shared electric bicycle is provided with intelligent speed-limiting device and digital speed meter, and possesses moveable endless, and F-Zero is less than 20 kilometers;Communication station is set in shared electric bicycle diamond or the charging registration controller or infrared of electric bicycle is installed Calling mechanism;Charging registration controller includes bluetooth module, and the serial port of single-chip microcomputer is directly connected with bluetooth module;In communication station Comprising nRF905 modules and charging registration controller, controller for electric vehicle and intelligent speed-limiting device are housed in shared electric bicycle, Controller for electric vehicle includes single-chip microcomputer, nonvolatile storage, infrared transceiver device, bluetooth module and keyboard, infrared transceiver device The I/O mouths of single-chip microcomputer are connected to, the serial port of single-chip microcomputer is directly connected with bluetooth module;Included in infrared transceiver device by infrared hair Penetrate the infrared receiving/transmission probe that pipe and infrared receiving tube and lens are formed;The I/O mouths of single-chip microcomputer respectively with shared electric bicycle Electric door lock connects with the horseshoe lock for being fixed on front wheel carrier;The mechanical electric door lock that unshared electric bicycle uses does not have to, change by Relay and its drive circuit are formed, and its switching signal is provided by single-chip microcomputer through I/O mouths, the controller for electric vehicle when user's car Unlocking signal is sent to electric door lock after acquisition unlocking instruction, is series at the relay normally open contact closure of storage battery power supply circuit, The different conditions of shared electric bicycle are controlled by change-over switch;Unlocking signal is also sent to horseshoe by controller for electric vehicle simultaneously Lock, horseshoe lock are made up of common unlocking motor and unlocking mechanism, and can pulls open car manually after being unlocked by controller for electric vehicle Lock;
Intelligent speed-limiting device is to pass through the defeated of MCU control PWM circuit by controller for electric vehicle in shared electric bicycle Go out, so as to change power tube power output, and when changing highest according to the measurement data and speed setting value of digital speed meter Speed;10 to 15 kilometers are limited at according to registration website road congested conditions F-Zero in setting time of trip, works as life Hand ride or road it is crowded occur riding speed change greatly when, F-Zero is limited at 8 to 12 kilometers;Shared electric bicycle Battery pack installation platinum resistance thermometer sensor, by controller for electric vehicle by A/D converter measure battery pack ambient temperature, when temperature exceedes Fan for cooling is opened at 25 DEG C, when temperature more than 50 DEG C of alarms and reduces cell stack power output;
Communication station or charging registration controller, a charging registration are set in the bicycle parking area in the major trunk roads roadside of business district Controller includes one or more charging piles, and the charge controller of charging pile is equipped with thermistor temperature detecting device, and has waterproof Fan for cooling protection is opened with full of power down function, during more than 25 DEG C, after shared electric bicycle accesses charging pile, is delayed 10 Minute starts to charge up and shows charged state by LED;When shared electric bicycle is parked, voltameter on user Yi Qiche, selection Dock at charging pile position or against the tactic stand of charging pile, need not go to fill during charging if voltameter is shown Electricity not checkout and punishment of being withholdd, goes charging to reward;Each charging pile is respectively mounted infrared transceiver device, by charging registration control Device wheel patrols shared electric bicycle numbering registration of the infrared transceiver device to access charging pile that scanning is installed on charging pile;Hereafter It is infrared to sequentially making resting in the shared electric bicycle beside charging pile by the shared electric bicycle for being connected to charging pile Relay numbering registration, is arbitrarily parked, can not register to settle accounts;The infrared transceiver device of shared electric bicycle sets positioning Popped one's head in infrared receiving/transmission probe and relay with infrared receiving/transmission;The infrared receiving/transmission probe of shared electric bicycle is removed with charging pile to penetrating Outside, at the top of rearview mirror bracket also loaded on handlebar or another a relay infrared receiving/transmission being used at the top of the vertical rod that identifies or decorate is filled Probe, relay infrared receiving/transmission probe have unified setting height(from bottom) and position to electric bicycle or so to penetrating, it is corresponding make it is left or Right mark, its signal launched are not stopped by other bicycles;
During setting after the far infrared transceiver starting that daily charging registration controller is arranged on charging pile as main equipment In, shared electric bicycle, which is sequentially ingressed into charging pile registration or enters beside charging pile sequentially to park, makees relay numbering registration, The relay numbering registration refers to that the relay infrared receiving/transmission of the shared electric bicycle by charging pile registration is popped one's head in depositing in Shared electric bicycle beside charging pile starts to register, the shared electric bicycle after registration again successfully to register when relay use The left or right of infrared receiving/transmission probe receives, and to the right or registration is numbered in left unregistered shared electric bicycle, and transmits and step on Note and number information, to the last can not to next registration and numbering or to setting time, last successfully registered and Numbering shared electric bicycle labeled as relay car from resting state be waken up access main equipment in bluetooth module control it is micro- Microgrid, and main equipment will be wirelessly transmitted to by all registered and numbering the shared electric bicycle information delivered in relays, Relay car bluetooth module enters park mode completion relay numbering registration after transmission, turns into the shared electricity of first registration and numbering Dynamic bicycle, relay registration and numbering hereafter are carried out to shared electric bicycle numbering by charging registration controller;Relay is registered With numbering process:First to have been enter into charging registration controller after the Bluetooth signal area of coverage and car locking it is unregistered it is shared it is electronic from Driving is waken up access piconet, each shared electric bicycle in piconet is sequentially distributed by charging registration controller " new Numbering ", registered for infrared relay, the shared electric bicycle bluetooth module distributed after new numbering is placed in resting state, connects , charging registration controller is numbered to registered and numbering the shared electric bicycle registered and numbered including charging pile with it Realize that charging registration controller exchanges with the register information of shared electric bicycle bluetooth module serial communication for address, and fill All new numberings are sent to all registered and numbering shared electronic in addition to charging pile is registered and is numbered by electric registration controller Bicycle, it is then that address is red to making after the shared electric bicycle of new numbering sequentially scan transponding according to new numbering since relay car Outer relay registration;Relay when the infrared relay registration refers to the shared electric bicycle after infrared registration again successfully to register The left or right popped one's head in infrared receiving/transmission receives, and to the right or left unregistered shared electric bicycle makees scan transponding registration, and passes Registration and number information are passed, last takes over former relay by the shared electric bicycle that relay is registered labeled as new relay car Car, and access piconet is waken up from resting state, then by this all shared electric bicycle information for newly registering and numbering Charging registration controller is wirelessly transmitted to, relay car bluetooth module enters the infrared relay registration of park mode completion after transmission;This Second batch and the multiple above-mentioned relay registration of each batch weight later and numbering afterwards, so go round and begin again and constantly update register information;To can not The new numbering for completing registration and numbering shares electric bicycle, and its new numbering makes marks records its user letter as " sequence number to be stepped on " Breath;The registration and numbering refer to the license number and the one-to-one corresponding of numbering of shared electric bicycle;Each shared electric bicycle into Its LED is glittering at regular intervals once green after work(registration;
With the exception of this, the shared electric bicycle parked is after the personnel that are managed arrange shift position, it is necessary to charging registration control Unregistered shared electric bicycle is registered in device Bluetooth signal coverage processed, and charging registration controller is taken to be stepped on through relay Behind the interval of note and several lot numbers of numbering setting, the registration and numbering are expanded into sequence number to be stepped on;Extension registration and numbering: First in order of numbers opens the infrared receiving/transmission of the registered shared electric bicycle of a numbering in addition to charging pile is registered and is numbered Device, numbered and serial number address to be stepped on according to new to sharing electric bicycle in diamond, sequentially make infrared connect after scan transponding Power register, after the completion of enter it is next it is registered numbering operation, until it is all it is registered numbering operation complete;Extending The shared electric bicycle finally successfully registered in the infrared relay registration of each registered numbering in registration and numbering, as New relay car cancels former relay car and carries out relay registration and numbering;
When shared electric bicycle and charging registration controller enter row information exchange, the charging registration controller reception of communication station is each The register information of shared electric bicycle, other charging registration controllers are stepped on each shared electric bicycle by what is be each collected into Remember that information carries out information exchange;Register information is total to comprising what each charging registration controller being collected into setting time section was registered Enjoy license number and its status of equipment, use pattern, user type and telephone number, the enrollment time and charging registration of electric bicycle Coding of controls;Shared electric bicycle by register information be sent to after charging registration controller will the register information delete, Each charging registration controller is deleted after the register information repeated and arrangement by shared electric bicycle transmission, through communication station to master station Controller collects;
In the bicycle parking area of non-business district, daily first shared electric bicycle and the infrared registration for being installed on roadside Device proceeds by relay numbering registration, and first shared electric bicycle being registered is arranged to main equipment after setting time, Relay registration and numbering and extension registration are carried out as stated above and numbering, its numbering of different main equipments make different marks, When the shared electric bicycle unlocking for being arranged to main equipment is ridden away, send registration and number information to infrared registration and fill Put and be re-set as slave unit, next be installed on roadside infrared transceiver device register and numbering it is shared it is electronic oneself Drive a vehicle, after the registration and the number information that receive infrared transceiver device, be arranged to main equipment and continue relay registration and numbering, when shared Its information is transferred to master station by electric bicycle and handled during electric bicycle quantity deficiency, can also use pedal as list Car is ridden to destination and awarded;
In all front doors of school or residential area, the registration controller of identical numbering is set, it is automatic by its bluetooth module piconet To the shared electric bicycle registration that comes in and goes out, represent to come in and go out with the odevity of log-on count, it into even number is that odd number, which is, fashionable shared Electric bicycle sends register information to registration controller, when going out registration controller by register information send to it is shared it is electronic from Driving;Or take inside residential area or the bicycle parking area of other sheltered situations installation probe;
Shared electric bicycle user is divided into VIP user and casual user;Pass by one's way pedestrian, voluntary labor service is casual user;VIP is used Family is ridden technology through the registration examination of administrative department real name, uses cell phone application to unlock and checkout;Shared electric bicycle is ridden arrival Neighbouring bicycle parking area will be docked to behind destination and carries out car locking registration checkout, without the not checkout of registration car locking; VIP user can select " from keeping " pattern through cell phone application, not be parked in the temporary transient non-registration in bicycle parking area after arriving at Checkout, exceeding the setting storage period after car locking starts the timing parked, and shared electric bicycle keeping is undertaken by the user Obligation, it is glittering at regular intervals once red to share electric bicycle LED, it is allowed to lock and forbid other people to use, when this VIP user unlocks again when riding, and parks timing time according to it and collects certain rent;Be not park bicycle parking area it is non-from Storage modes user, then car locking not settle accounts, it is desirable to when settling accounts, cell phone application prompt the user correctly park otherwise undertake it is shared Electric bicycle custodial responsibility and fine, such as continue after parking setting time, cell phone application is alarmed standby through short message to total station control Case;
Shared electric bicycle system takes user to pull together condominium method;The car plate of each shared electric bicycle indicates the car License plate number and total station control telephone number, casual user with the total station control telephone number end extra bus trade mark of mobile phone dialing, Total station control receives license plate number, and sends special unlocking cipher to mobile phone by short message, and casual user can input password, electricity Motor-car controller is unlocked to unregistered car or disabled vehicle, and at this moment casual user can pull open lock use, electric car control manually Device processed starts timing and limited to ride the time, is shut after arriving at registration, controller for electric vehicle is by the use of special unlocking cipher To communication station by master station's bulk registration, total station control adds up usage time and awarded car information transmission, is sent out to casual user Send and get reward short message;Shared electric bicycle is equipped with the mercoid switch being made up of the mercoid switch of several different installment states Group, if casual user is not to ride but be transported to up to the registration of registration destination, controller for electric vehicle is according to equipment of itself event Barrier detection and mercoid switch group on off state changing rule judge whether shared electric bicycle damages or ride, and carry out to the electricity Talk about the reward of number casual user;Car changes fierce, shared electricity with non-registration mercoid switch group on off state is shut when removing car steathily Mercoid switch group on off state changing rule under the various forms of motion states of dynamic bicycle is drawn by testing, in case of stolen car electricity Motor-car controller, which is passed the information on to the alarm of total station control, to be put on record, total station control or sends cruiser to crime periphery is several Charging registration controller sends inspection request, discovers and seizes case and dispatches a car movement locus, several peripheries charging registration controller timesharing and case Dispatch a car communication, positioned according to the bluetooth signal intensity received, then by cruiser comprehensive assessment crime truck position, further according to case Dispatch a car movement locus and the case that receives is dispatched a car bluetooth signal intensity positioning, most backward crime car sends unlatching report through Bluetooth signal Alert vocal command, case, which is dispatched a car, sends alarm, and cruiser personnel find case according to alarm and dispatched a car.
A kind of 2. message transfer system of shared electric bicycle according to claim 1, it is characterised in that including:
Tong Xin Zhan ﹙ A ﹚, charge registration controller, infrared calling mechanism and shared electric bicycle controller for electric vehicle (B), lead to Equipped with the ﹚ of nRF905 Mo Kuai ﹙ 2 and charging registration controller in Xin Zhan ﹙ A ﹚;Charge registration controller include the ﹚ of Wei Kong Qi ﹙ 4, it is non-easily The ﹚ of storage device ﹙ 5 are deposited in mistake, infrared receiving/transmission dress puts the ﹚ of ﹙ 6, the blue ﹚ of tooth mould block ﹙ 3 and fills the ﹚ of electric controller ﹙ 14;The data of reception are also to pass through string Port communications transmit, and save the data in non-Yi and lose in the ﹚ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 5;
Controller for electric vehicle (B) loses the ﹚ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 9 by the ﹚ of Dan Pian Ji ﹙ 8, non-Yi, the infrared transceiver device of shared electric bicycle is set Put the ﹚ of the positioning infrared receiving/transmission Tan Tou ﹙ 7 and ﹚ of 10 ﹚, Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ of relay infrared receiving/transmission Tan Tou ﹙ 12, the ﹚ of Jian Pan ﹙ 11 and battery The ﹚ of Chong electricity electricity Lu ﹙ 13 are formed;
The ﹚ STC12C5A60S2 of Wei Kong Qi ﹙ 4 pass through its SPI interface and nRF905 moulds in Tong Xin Zhan ﹙ A ﹚ charging registration controller The ﹚ of Kuai ﹙ 2 communicate, and STC12C5A60S2 another SPI interface communicates with the ﹚ CC2541 of Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ 3, in communication station microcontroller Under the ﹚ STC12C5A60S2 of Qi ﹙ 4 controls, the register information of communication station realizes networking by radio communication between communication station, and passes through NRF905 is sent to total station control processing.
CN201710622433.4A 2017-07-27 2017-07-27 A kind of message transfer system of shared electric bicycle Withdrawn CN107393184A (en)

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JP2016012291A (en) * 2014-06-30 2016-01-21 日本信号株式会社 Moving entity sharing system
CN105023364A (en) * 2015-07-13 2015-11-04 长安大学 Public bike interlocking rental system based on GPS positioning
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Application publication date: 20171124