CN107274578A - A kind of shared electric bicycle system based on user's condominium - Google Patents

A kind of shared electric bicycle system based on user's condominium Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107274578A
CN107274578A CN201710622298.3A CN201710622298A CN107274578A CN 107274578 A CN107274578 A CN 107274578A CN 201710622298 A CN201710622298 A CN 201710622298A CN 107274578 A CN107274578 A CN 107274578A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
registration
electric bicycle
car
shared electric
numbering
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Pending
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CN201710622298.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张金木
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Fuzhou Taijiang Chaoren Electronic Co Ltd
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Fuzhou Taijiang Chaoren Electronic Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710622298.3A priority Critical patent/CN107274578A/en
Publication of CN107274578A publication Critical patent/CN107274578A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q30/00Commerce, e.g. shopping or e-commerce
    • G06Q30/06Buying, selling or leasing transactions
    • G06Q30/0645Rental, i.e. leasing
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07CTIME OR ATTENDANCE REGISTERS; REGISTERING OR INDICATING THE WORKING OF MACHINES; GENERATING RANDOM NUMBERS; VOTING OR LOTTERY APPARATUS; ARRANGEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS FOR CHECKING NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • G07C9/00Individual registration on entry or exit
    • G07C9/00174Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys
    • G07C9/00182Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys operated with unidirectional data transmission between data carrier and locks
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07CTIME OR ATTENDANCE REGISTERS; REGISTERING OR INDICATING THE WORKING OF MACHINES; GENERATING RANDOM NUMBERS; VOTING OR LOTTERY APPARATUS; ARRANGEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS FOR CHECKING NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • G07C9/00Individual registration on entry or exit
    • G07C9/00174Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys
    • G07C9/00571Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys operated by interacting with a central unit
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07CTIME OR ATTENDANCE REGISTERS; REGISTERING OR INDICATING THE WORKING OF MACHINES; GENERATING RANDOM NUMBERS; VOTING OR LOTTERY APPARATUS; ARRANGEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS FOR CHECKING NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • G07C9/00Individual registration on entry or exit
    • G07C9/00174Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys
    • G07C9/00817Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys where the code of the lock can be programmed
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07FCOIN-FREED OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • G07F17/00Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services
    • G07F17/0042Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services for hiring of objects
    • G07F17/0057Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services for hiring of objects for the hiring or rent of vehicles, e.g. cars, bicycles or wheelchairs
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W4/00Services specially adapted for wireless communication networks; Facilities therefor
    • H04W4/12Messaging; Mailboxes; Announcements
    • H04W4/14Short messaging services, e.g. short message services [SMS] or unstructured supplementary service data [USSD]
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07CTIME OR ATTENDANCE REGISTERS; REGISTERING OR INDICATING THE WORKING OF MACHINES; GENERATING RANDOM NUMBERS; VOTING OR LOTTERY APPARATUS; ARRANGEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS FOR CHECKING NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • G07C9/00Individual registration on entry or exit
    • G07C9/00174Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys
    • G07C9/00817Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys where the code of the lock can be programmed
    • G07C2009/00841Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys where the code of the lock can be programmed by a portable device

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of shared electric bicycle system based on user's condominium, electric bicycle is wherein shared to unlock using keyboard and barcode scanning, by way of communication station, radio frequency communication station, charging registration controller or infrared calling mechanism are set, realize shared electric bicycle and park registration in order, user's condominium and accessible positioning, and networked by gsm side formula, realize that register information is transferred to communication station and is uploaded to total station control again through shared electric bicycle, charging registration controller.

Description

A kind of shared electric bicycle system based on user's condominium
(1) technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of shared electric bicycle system based on user's condominium, wherein shared electric bicycle is used Keyboard and barcode scanning are unlocked, by way of setting communication station, radio frequency communication station, charging registration controller or infrared calling mechanism, Realize shared electric bicycle and park registration, user condominium and accessible positioning in order, and network by gsm side formula, it is real Existing register information is transferred to communication station and is uploaded to total station control again through shared electric bicycle, charging registration controller.
(2) background technology:
Street corner quietly occurs in that the shared electric bicycle of quantity seldom, and they are neatly arranged being total in bicycle parking area Enjoy among bicycle,.What shared electric bicycle was solved is 3 to 10 kilometers of trip requirements, and application method and shared bicycle Datong District are small Different, being provided with after each electric bicycle on label, label includes Quick Response Code and car number, and user can be by scanning Quick Response Code Mode unlock vehicle, so as to reach that completion is ridden.The shared electric bicycle outward appearance that street corner occurs nearly all is electric motorcycle Car pattern, does not possess moveable endless and violates national regulations, speed is very fast, once driver behavior is improper, there is larger potential safety hazard, Easily trigger traffic accidents
According to existing national technical standard《Electric bicycle general technical specifications》Regulation:The design speed per hour of electric bicycle Within 20 kilometers, weight containing battery no more than 40 kilograms, must possess foot-operated function of riding.But, electric bicycle is by friendship Logical safety law belongs to non-motor vehicle, equally enjoys and power is travelled on road.Secondly, electric bicycle can meet traveling need at a distance Ask.Present city scope expansion is increasing, therefore shared electric bicycle is particularly suitable for tier 2 cities and the need of villages and towns in rural areas Ask.
(3) content of the invention:
Shared electric bicycle is locked using keyboard password, is unlocked with password or barcode scanning.Open mobile phone A PP alignments shared electronic After the Quick Response Code barcode scanning of bicycle, mobile phone sends unlocking instruction by bluetooth and can unlocked manually, and mobile phone A PP starts timing, when When user arrives at car locking in place, car locking switch motion record lock state, user can settle accounts according to timing time.For For a long time using when frequently switching on lock, simple password can be set in mobile phone A PP, making barcode scanning unlocking with lock controller communicates Afterwards, you can unlocked with the simple password, the simple password failure after checkout is arrived at.When several personal collective's travellings Car, outdoor advertising propaganda team can use mobile phone A PP collective to be opened respectively as barcode scanning each car with car interface with car etc. Lock, while setting simple password, is finished car and checkout confirmation is sent to each shared electric bicycle by Bluetooth of mobile phone, shut Afterwards, all simple password failures.
As passerby or voluntary member casual user can password unlocking entered from the keyboard, can be with without installing mobile phone A PP When to disorderly parking unregistered car or disabled vehicle using information of the mobile phone according to shared electric bicycle car plate offer, to total stand control Device is called, and phone end adds shared electrical salf-walking license number, and total station control replys unlocking cipher short message, casual user With password unlocking, at this moment electric bicycle is shared if correct park registration by refusal unlocking, when casual user will disorderly park Car is corrected stand and registered after car locking, lock controller record use time and special purpose system, passes through registration control of charging Device and communication network collect cumulative award or expense to total station control, and master station is according to timing time, the car locking in setting time Registration with lottery, is deducted more than setting time expense by telephone charge.
Communication station is communicated using GSM nets using SMS transmitting-receiving mode with total station control.GSM SMS possesses in itself Data transport functions, the transmission of information is relayed by SMS service center (SMSC), GSM SMS service SMS it not Connection can be set up with dialing, the information to be sent out short message service center is sent to plus stay of two nights data, through in short message service The heart is then forwarded to the final stay of two nights after completing storage.So when GSM terminals are that information will not lose when the stay of two nights there is not start.
Communication station is controlled using single-chip microcomputer to gsm module, realizes that remote data is wirelessly transferred in SMS messaging mode, The serial port of communication station single-chip microcomputer is directly connected with gsm module, completes the initialization to gsm module, realizes the transmitting-receiving of short message Function.Another serial port of single-chip microcomputer is communicated with bluetooth module, and communication data is stored in nonvolatile storage.Communication station Gsm module uses chip TC35i, and quick, reliable, safety transmission, single-chip microcomputer are provided for data, voice, short message and fax Using STC12C5A60S2, chip TC35i integrates radio circuit and base band, AT Command Set is supported, wherein containing to SMS Control, single-chip microcomputer instructs by sending a series of AT to gsm module, completes the initialization to gsm module and receiving short message. The SIM card for being configured with cell-phone number of gsm module is connected to, necessary set first must be carried out to SIM card on mobile phone and enable and set Zhi Hao Short Message Centers service number makes it possible to contact with Short Message Center, therefore need not carry out similar set again in use Put.
Because only transceiving data, the system SMS transmitting-receiving uses TEXT patterns.TEXT patterns are one based on ASCII character Plant tactic pattern.Character string that single-chip microcomputer is received directly tabled look-up with forms mode be converted into command code and data or vice versa by its It is converted into ASCII character transmission.
Shared electric bicycle is provided with intelligent speed-limiting device and digital speed meter, and possesses moveable endless, F-Zero Less than 20 kilometers.Set in shared electric bicycle diamond communication station or the charging registration controller for installing electric bicycle or Radio frequency communication station or infrared calling mechanism.The registration controller that charges includes single-chip microcomputer, charge controller, nonvolatile storage, red Outer R-T unit and bluetooth module, the serial port of single-chip microcomputer are directly connected with bluetooth module.Gsm module is included in communication station and is filled Electric registration controller, each communication station is uploaded to total station control after the register information being collected into is carried out into data processing, by master station Monitoring control devices vehicle flowrate, and realize that shared electric bicycle parks user's condominium and accessible positioning in order everywhere.Shared electricity Controller for electric vehicle and intelligent speed-limiting device be housed, controller for electric vehicle includes single-chip microcomputer, nonvolatile storage, red in dynamic bicycle Outer R-T unit, bluetooth module and keyboard, infrared transceiver device are connected to the I/O mouths of single-chip microcomputer, the serial port and bluetooth of single-chip microcomputer Module is directly connected.The infrared receiving/transmission being made up of infrared transmitting tube and infrared receiving tube and lens is included in infrared transceiver device to visit Head.The I/O mouths of single-chip microcomputer are respectively with the electric door lock of shared electric bicycle and being fixed on the horseshoe lock of front wheel carrier and being connected.It is unshared The mechanical electric door lock that electric bicycle is used is without changing and being made up of relay and its drive circuit, its switching signal is by monolithic Machine is through I/O mouthfuls of offers, and when user's car, controller for electric vehicle is obtained after unlocking instruction to electric door lock transmission unlocking signal, series connection Closed in the relay normally open contact of storage battery power supply circuit, so that the key for replacing unshared electric bicycle to use opens electricity Door lock, shares the different conditions of electric bicycle by change-over switch control.Controller for electric vehicle also simultaneously sends unlocking signal To horseshoe lock, horseshoe lock is made up of common unlocking motor and unlocking mechanism, by controller for electric vehicle unlock after just can be manual Pull open lock.It is the anti-theft feature for strengthening electric bicycle to install horseshoe lock.
Intelligent speed-limiting device is to pass through MCU control PWM circuit by controller for electric vehicle in shared electric bicycle Output, so as to change power tube power output, and measurement data and speed setting value according to digital speed meter changes most High speed per hour.10 to 15 kilometers are limited at according to registration website road congested conditions F-Zero in setting time of trip, When green hand ride or road it is crowded occur riding speed change greatly when, F-Zero is limited at 8 to 12 kilometers.It is shared it is electronic from The battery pack of driving installs platinum resistance thermometer sensor, measures battery pack ambient temperature by A/D converter by controller for electric vehicle, works as temperature Fan for cooling is opened during more than 25 DEG C, when temperature is more than 50 DEG C of alarms and reduces cell stack power output.
Radio frequency communication station be used for inconvenience set bicycle parking area narrow walkway road roadside to riding in shared electricity Dynamic bicycle exchanges information.Radio frequency communication station is provided with microcontroller, nonvolatile storage and bluetooth module, wherein microcontroller Using AT89C55, and using the bluetooth module of CC2541 chip serial ports transparent transmissions, AT89C55 is logical by serial ports with CC2541 chips Letter transmission data, and save the data in nonvolatile storage with for further processing.Shared electrical salf-walking in riding When car enters the radio frequency communication station Bluetooth signal area of coverage, shared electric bicycle bluetooth module is waken up access piconet, enters The shared electric bicycle of piconet carries out register information with radio frequency communication station successively and exchanged, the shared electricity after register information exchange Dynamic bicycle bluetooth module is placed in resting state.
Indicated in the major trunk roads roadside of business district non-motor vehicle parking stall graticule bicycle parking area set communication station or Charge registration controller, sets communication station to be used to constitute communication network, a charging registration controller includes one or more fill Electric stake, the charge controller of charging pile is equipped with thermistor temperature detecting device, and with waterproof and full of power down function, more than 25 DEG C Shi Kaiqi fan for cooling is protected, and after shared electric bicycle accesses charging pile, delay is started to charge up and shown by LED for 10 minutes Charged state.When shared electric bicycle is parked, voltameter on user Yi Qiche, selection docks at charging pile position or against filling The electric tactic stand of stake, needs not going charging not checkout and punishment of being withholdd during charging if voltameter is shown, Charging is gone to reward.Each charging pile is respectively mounted infrared transceiver device, and charging pile is installed on by charging registration controller taking turn scanning Infrared transceiver device to access charging pile shared electric bicycle number register.Hereafter by being connected to the shared electronic of charging pile Bicycle starts sequentially to make infrared relay numbering registration to resting in the shared electric bicycle beside charging pile, arbitrarily parks then Can not register to settle accounts.The infrared transceiver device of shared electric bicycle sets positioning with infrared receiving/transmission probe and relay with red Outer transmitting-receiving probe.Infrared receiving/transmission probe is equipped with lens, and transmitting is with receiving angle and the pairing of infrared light wavelength by infrared emission two Level pipe is determined with receiving the experiment of the parameter of diode and the selection of lens parameter and scene transmitting with receiving.Shared electrical salf-walking The infrared receiving/transmission probe of car except outer to penetrating with charging pile, at the top of the rearview mirror bracket also loaded on handlebar or it is another fill one for identifying or Relay at the top of the vertical rod of decoration is popped one's head in infrared receiving/transmission, relay infrared receiving/transmission probe have unified setting height(from bottom) and position to Electric bicycle or so makees left or right mark to penetrating, accordingly, and its signal launched is not stopped by other bicycles.In bluetooth network Network is constituted under the support of algorithm, and an independent wireless network can be automatically composed in a short period of time without other networks Hardware or the network facilities are supported.The operation of equipment in the LMP Link Manager Protocol control piconet of bluetooth equipment, is synchronized to shared A shared physical radio channel is referred to as main equipment by one group of equipment of clock and hopping pattern there is provided the equipment of synchronous base, All other equipment is referred to as slave unit.One main equipment is at most connected with 7 active slave units, main equipment transmission link pipe Device protocol connection request data cell is managed, the bluetooth module matched with solicited message is activated or is waken up from resting state, entered The correlation such as row parameter is consulted, and is set up asynchronous wireless connecting link and prepared for data transfer, if any it is multiple it is unnecessary it is active from Equipment, which will be notified that, enters park mode, also target dormancy slave unit can be invited to become active slave unit as needed afterwards.
Setting after the far infrared transceiver starting that daily charging registration controller is arranged on charging pile as main equipment In fixing time, shared electric bicycle, which is sequentially ingressed into charging pile registration or enter and sequentially parked beside charging pile, to be made relay numbering and steps on Note, the relay numbering registration refers to that the relay for the shared electric bicycle registered by charging pile is popped one's head in storage with infrared receiving/transmission Shared electric bicycle beside charging pile starts registration, shared electric bicycle after registration again successfully to register when relay The left or right popped one's head in infrared receiving/transmission is received, to the right or registration is numbered in left unregistered shared electric bicycle, and is transmitted Registration and number information, to the last can not be to next registration and numbering or to setting time, and last is successfully registered It is waken up what bluetooth module in accessing main equipment was controlled from resting state labeled as relay car with the shared electric bicycle of numbering Piconet, and set master is wirelessly transmitted to by all registered and numbering the shared electric bicycle information delivered in relays Standby, relay car bluetooth module completes relay numbering registration into park mode after transmission, and that registers and number as first is total to Electric bicycle is enjoyed, relay registration and numbering hereafter are carried out to shared electric bicycle numbering by charging registration controller.Relay Registration and numbering process:First to having been enter into charging registration controller unregistered shared electricity after the Bluetooth signal area of coverage and car locking Dynamic bicycle is waken up access piconet, and each shared electric bicycle in piconet is sequentially distributed by charging registration controller " new numbering ", for infrared relay registration, the shared electric bicycle bluetooth module after the new numbering of distribution is to be placed in resting state, Then, charging registration controller is compiled to registered and numbering the shared electric bicycle registered and numbered including charging pile with it Number for address realize charging registration controller exchanged with the register information of shared electric bicycle bluetooth module serial communication, and All new numberings are sent to all registered and numbering the shared electricity in addition to charging pile is registered and is numbered by charging registration controller Dynamic bicycle, be then according to new numbering since the relay car address to the shared electric bicycle of new numbering sequentially scan transponding after make Infrared relay registration.The infrared relay registration connects when referring to the shared electric bicycle after infrared registration again successfully to register Left or right that power is popped one's head in infrared receiving/transmission is received, to the right or left unregistered shared electric bicycle makees scan transponding registration, and Transmission registration and number information, last shared electric bicycle registered by relay are taken over original labeled as new relay car and connect Power car, and access piconet is waken up from resting state, then this all shared electric bicycle for newly registering and numbering is believed Breath is wirelessly transmitted to relay car bluetooth module after charging registration controller, transmission and enters the infrared relay registration of park mode completion. Hereafter second batch and the multiple above-mentioned relay of each batch weight later are registered and numbered, and so go round and begin again continuous renewal register information.Relay The purpose of registration and numbering is that the shared electric bicycle of requirement is sequentially parked, and the new numbering that can not complete to register and number is shared Electric bicycle, its new numbering makes marks records its user profile as " sequence number to be stepped on ".The registration and numbering refer to share The license number of electric bicycle and the one-to-one corresponding of numbering.Its LED is every a timing after each shared electric bicycle is successfully registered Between it is glittering once green.
With the exception of this, the shared electric bicycle parked is after the personnel that are managed arrange shift position, it is necessary to be stepped on to charging Unregistered shared electric bicycle is registered in note controller Bluetooth signal coverage, and charging registration controller is taken through connecing Behind the interval for several lot numbers that power is registered and numbering is set, the registration and numbering are expanded into sequence number to be stepped on.Extension registration and Numbering:First in order of numbers opens the infrared of the registered shared electric bicycle of a numbering in addition to charging pile is registered and is numbered R-T unit, to sharing electric bicycle in diamond according to newly numbering and serial number address to be stepped on, sequentially makees red after scan transponding Outer relay registration, after the completion of enter next registered numbering operation, until all registered numbering operations are completed. The shared electric bicycle finally successfully registered in the infrared relay registration of each registered numbering in extension registration and numbering, Cancel former relay car as new relay car and carry out relay registration and numbering, charging registration controller is total to registered and numbering Enjoy electric bicycle sequentially list and be easy to control.
When shared electric bicycle and charging registration controller enter row information exchange, the charging registration controller of communication station connects The register information of each shared electric bicycle is received, other charging registration controllers will be each collected into each shared electric bicycle Register information carry out information exchange.Register information is registered comprising each charging registration controller being collected into setting time section Shared electric bicycle license number and its status of equipment, use pattern, user type and telephone number, enrollment time and charging Registration controller is encoded.Shared electric bicycle by register information be sent to after charging registration controller will the register information delete Remove, each charging registration controller is deleted the register information repeated and simultaneously transmitted by shared electric bicycle after arrangement, through communication station to Total station control collects.
Bicycle parking area in non-business district, daily first shared electric bicycle is with being installed on the infrared of roadside Calling mechanism proceeds by first shared electric bicycle being registered after relay numbering registration, setting time and is arranged to main set It is standby, relay registration and numbering and extension registration are carried out as stated above and is numbered, and its numbering of different main equipments makees different marks Know, when the shared electric bicycle unlocking for being set to main equipment is ridden away, send registration and number information to infrared step on Note device is simultaneously re-set as slave unit, the shared electricity that the next infrared transceiver device with being installed on roadside is registered and numbered After dynamic bicycle, the registration and the number information that receive infrared transceiver device, it is set to main equipment and continues relay registration and number, when Its information is transferred to master station by electric bicycle and handled during shared electric bicycle quantity deficiency, and pedal can also be used to work as Ride to destination and award as bicycle.
The registration controller of identical numbering is set in all front doors of school or residential area, by its bluetooth module piconet Automatic that the shared electric bicycle registration that comes in and goes out is represented to come in and go out with the odevity of log-on count, it into even number is that odd number, which is, fashionable Shared electric bicycle sends register information to registration controller, and registration controller sends register information to shared electricity when going out Dynamic bicycle.Or take inside residential area or probe is installed in the bicycle parking area of other sheltered situations, it is to avoid shared electricity Dynamic bicycle is damaged in residential area or other sheltered situations;
Shared electric bicycle user is divided into VIP user and casual user.Pass by one's way pedestrian, voluntary labor service is casual user. VIP user rides technology through the registration examination of administrative department real name, is unlocked and is settled accounts using mobile phone A PP.Shared electric bicycle is ridden Row will dock to neighbouring bicycle parking area and carry out car locking registration checkout after arriving at, be refused without registration car locking Checkout.VIP user can not be parked in bicycle parking area temporary transient through mobile phone APP selections " from keeping " pattern after arriving at Non-registration is settled accounts, when exceed after car locking the setting storage period such as 1 it is small when after start the timing parked, this is undertaken by the user and is total to Electric bicycle duty of super intendence is enjoyed, bicycle LED is glittering at regular intervals once red, it is allowed to locks and forbids other people to make With when the VIP user unlocks again to ride, parking timing time according to it and collect certain rent.It is not to park bicycle parking Area it is non-from storage modes user, then car locking refuses checkout, it is desirable to which when settling accounts, mobile phone A PP points out the user correctly to park otherwise Bicycle custodial responsibility and fine are undertaken, such as continues to park after setting time, mobile phone A PP alarms standby through short message to total station control Case.
Shared electric bicycle system takes user to pull together condominium method.The car plate of each shared electric bicycle indicates this The license plate number of car and total station control telephone number, casual user is with the total station control telephone number end extra bus board of mobile phone dialing Number, total station control receives license plate number and obtains casual user's age characteristics by telephone number query, and by short message to mobile phone Special unlocking cipher is sent, casual user can input password, and controller for electric vehicle is to unlock to unregistered car or disabled vehicle, this When casual user can pull open lock manually and use, controller for electric vehicle starts timing and limited to ride the time, arrives at and steps on Shut after note, controller for electric vehicle is by the use car information transmission of special unlocking cipher to communication station by master station's bulk registration, master station Controller adds up use time and awarded, and is sent to casual user and gets reward short message;Shared electric bicycle is equipped with by several The mercoid switch group of the mercoid switch composition of individual different installment state, if casual user is not to ride but be transported to reach to step on Remember destination registration, controller for electric vehicle judges according to equipment of itself fault detect and mercoid switch group on off state changing rule Whether shared electric bicycle damages or rides, and carries out the reward to telephone number casual user.Controller for electric vehicle is regular Capital equipment is inquired about, finds to damage or equipment is stolen and put on record.Total station control finds that disabled vehicle, corpse car are to send patrol Car processing.Car changes fierce with non-registration mercoid switch group on off state is shut when removing car steathily, shares the various shapes of electric bicycle Mercoid switch group on off state changing rule under the motion state of formula is drawn by testing, and will be believed in case of stolen car controller for electric vehicle Breath, which is transferred to the alarm of total station control, to be put on record, total station control or sends cruiser to the crime ground several charging registration controllers in periphery Inspection request is sent, case is discovered and seized and dispatches a car movement locus, several peripheries charging registration controller timesharing are dispatched a car with case to communicate, according to connecing The bluetooth signal intensity received is positioned according to prior art, then by cruiser comprehensive assessment crime truck position, is further dispatched a car according to case Movement locus and the case received are dispatched a car bluetooth signal intensity positioning, and most backward crime car sends unlatching alarm through Bluetooth signal Instruction, case, which is dispatched a car, sends alarm, and cruiser personnel find case according to alarm and dispatched a car.
(4) illustrate:
Fig. 1 is a kind of circuit structure block diagram of the shared electric bicycle system based on user's condominium.
(5) embodiment:
A kind of circuit structure block diagram of the shared electric bicycle system based on user's condominium is as shown in figure 1, including logical Xin Zhan ﹙ A ﹚, charge registration controller, the ﹚ of radio communication Zhan ﹙ 16, infrared calling mechanism and shared electric bicycle electric car control Equipped with the ﹚ of GSM Mo Kuai ﹙ 2 and charging registration controller in device (B) processed, Tong Xin Zhan ﹙ A ﹚.The registration controller that charges includes Wei Kong Qi ﹙ 4 ﹚, non-easy mistake deposit the ﹚ of storage device ﹙ 18, infrared receiving/transmission dress and put the ﹚ of ﹙ 6, the blue ﹚ of tooth mould block ﹙ 3 and fill the ﹚ of electric controller ﹙ 5, wherein micro- control device ﹙ processed 4 ﹚ use STC12C5A60S2, the ﹚ of infrared receiving/transmission Zhuan Zhi ﹙ 6 to be connected to the I/O mouths of single-chip microcomputer, and use CC2541 chip serial ports transparent transmissions The ﹚ of Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ 3, when STC12C5A60S2 sends data, non-Yi are lost into the data stored in the ﹚ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 18 according to HCI- RS232 host-host protocols carry out data definition, and data or order, the ﹚ of Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ 3 profits are sent by the ﹚ of Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ 3 RX/TX Being wirelessly transferred for data is carried out with the microstrip antenna carried;The data of reception are also to be transmitted by serial communication, and data are preserved In case STC12C5A60S2 is for further processing, so as to complete the exchange of Bluetooth wireless data in non-Yi lose the ﹚ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 18. The ﹚ of radio communication Zhan ﹙ 16 lose the ﹚ of 14 ﹚ and Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 15 comprising Dan Pian Ji ﹙ 13 ﹚, non-Yi, and the ﹚ of Dan Pian Ji ﹙ 13 are used AT89C55 is connected with the blue ﹚ progress serial ports of tooth mould block ﹙ 15 and enters row information by the blue ﹚ of tooth mould block ﹙ 15 and controller for electric vehicle and hands over Change.
Controller for electric vehicle (B) is by Dan Pian Ji ﹙ 8 ﹚, non-Yi lose the ﹚ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 9, the infrared receiving/transmission of shared electric bicycle is filled Install the ﹚ of positioning infrared receiving/transmission Tan Tou ﹙ 7 and the ﹚ of 10 12 ﹚, Jian Pan ﹙ of ﹚, Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ of relay infrared receiving/transmission Tan Tou ﹙ 11 and storage The ﹚ of battery Chong electricity electricity Lu ﹙ 17 are constituted.
The ﹚ of GSM Mo Kuai ﹙ 2 in Tong Xin Zhan ﹙ A ﹚ use chip TC35i, chip TC35i to integrate radio circuit and base band, AT Command Set is supported, wherein containing the control to SMS, the ﹚ of Wei Kong Qi ﹙ 4 refer to by sending a series of AT to the ﹚ of GSM Mo Kuai ﹙ 2 Order, completes the initialization to the ﹚ of GSM mould blocks ﹙ 2 and nets the ﹚ of ﹙ 1 and total station control progress receiving short message by GSM.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of shared electric bicycle system based on user's condominium, electric bicycle is shared using keyboard password lock, with close Code or barcode scanning are unlocked;After the Quick Response Code barcode scanning for opening the shared electric bicycle of mobile phone A PP alignments, mobile phone sends unlocking by bluetooth Instruction can be unlocked manually, and mobile phone A PP starts timing, when user arrives at car locking in place, car locking switch motion record Lock state, user can settle accounts according to timing time;It is characterized in that, can be in hand during for long-time using lock is frequently switched on Simple password is set in machine APP, with controller for electric vehicle make barcode scanning unlock communicate after, you can with the simple password unlocking, arrive The simple password failure after up to destination checkout;When several personal collective's travelling cars, outdoor advertising propaganda team car etc. Barcode scanning unlocking is made to each car respectively with car interface with mobile phone A PP collective, while setting simple password, is finished car and leads to Cross Bluetooth of mobile phone and checkout confirmation is sent to each shared electric bicycle, after shutting, all simple passwords failures;
As passerby or voluntary member casual user can password unlocking entered from the keyboard, can be right at any time without installing mobile phone A PP The information that unregistered car or disabled vehicle are provided using mobile phone according to shared electric bicycle car plate is disorderly parked, is dialled to total station control Make a phone call, phone end adds shared electrical salf-walking license number, total station control replys unlocking cipher short message, and casual user is available close Code is unlocked, and at this moment shares electric bicycle and refusal is unlocked if correctly parking registration, entangled when casual user will disorderly park car Positive stand is simultaneously registered after car locking, and controller for electric vehicle record use time and special purpose system pass through the registration controller that charges Collect cumulative award or expense to total station control with communication network, master station is according to timing time, and car locking is stepped in setting time Note with lottery, is deducted more than setting time expense by telephone charge;
Communication station is communicated using GSM nets using SMS transmitting-receiving mode with total station control;The transmission of information is taken by short message (SMSC) is relayed at business center, and it can set up connection without dialing by GSM SMS service SMS, and the information to be sent out is added Upper stay of two nights data are sent to short message service center, and the final stay of two nights is then forwarded to after completing storage through short message service center;
Communication station is controlled using single-chip microcomputer to gsm module, realizes that remote data is wirelessly transferred in SMS messaging mode, monolithic The serial port of machine is directly connected with gsm module, completes the initialization to gsm module, realizes the transmission-receiving function of short message;Single-chip microcomputer Another serial port communicated with bluetooth module, communication data is stored in nonvolatile storage;The gsm module of communication station is used Chip TC35i, single-chip microcomputer uses STC12C5A60S2, and single-chip microcomputer is instructed by sending a series of AT to gsm module, completion pair The initialization of gsm module and receiving short message;
SMS transmitting-receiving uses TEXT patterns;TEXT patterns are a kind of tactic patterns based on ASCII character;What single-chip microcomputer was received Character string directly tabled look-up with forms mode be converted into command code and data or vice versa convert thereof into ASCII character transmission;
Shared electric bicycle is provided with intelligent speed-limiting device and digital speed meter, and possesses moveable endless, it is shared it is electronic from Driving diamond sets communication station or the charging registration controller or radio frequency communication station of installing electric bicycle or infrared registration dress Put;The registration controller that charges is equipped with bluetooth module, and the serial port of single-chip microcomputer is directly connected with bluetooth module;It is equipped with communication station Gsm module and charging registration controller, share and controller for electric vehicle and intelligent speed-limiting device, electric car control are housed in electric bicycle Device processed includes bluetooth module and keyboard, and infrared transceiver device is connected to the I/O mouths of single-chip microcomputer, the serial port and bluetooth module of single-chip microcomputer Directly it is connected;The infrared receiving/transmission being made up of infrared transmitting tube and infrared receiving tube and lens is included in infrared transceiver device to pop one's head in; The I/O mouths of single-chip microcomputer are respectively with the electric door lock of shared electric bicycle and being fixed on the horseshoe lock of front wheel carrier and being connected;Unshared electricity The mechanical electric door lock that dynamic bicycle is used is without changing and being made up of relay and its drive circuit, its switching signal is by single-chip microcomputer Through I/O mouthfuls of offers, when user's car, controller for electric vehicle is obtained after unlocking instruction to electric door lock transmission unlocking signal, is series at The relay normally open contact closure of storage battery power supply circuit, shares the different conditions of electric bicycle by change-over switch control;Electricity Unlocking signal is also sent to horseshoe lock by motor-car controller simultaneously, and horseshoe lock is made up of common unlocking motor and unlocking mechanism, By controller for electric vehicle unlock after can just pull open lock manually;
Intelligent speed-limiting device is to pass through the defeated of MCU control PWM circuit by controller for electric vehicle in shared electric bicycle Go out, so as to change power tube power output, and measurement data and speed setting value according to digital speed meter is when changing highest Speed;10 to 15 kilometers are limited at according to registration website road congested conditions F-Zero in setting time of trip, works as life Hand ride or road it is crowded occur riding speed change greatly when, F-Zero is limited at 8 to 12 kilometers;Shared electric bicycle Battery pack install platinum resistance thermometer sensor, by controller for electric vehicle by A/D converter measure battery pack ambient temperature, when temperature exceedes Fan for cooling is opened at 25 DEG C, when temperature is more than 50 DEG C of alarms and reduces cell stack power output;
Radio frequency communication station be used for inconvenience set bicycle parking area narrow walkway road roadside to riding in it is shared it is electronic oneself Driving exchanges information;Radio frequency communication station is provided with microcontroller, nonvolatile storage and bluetooth module, and wherein microcontroller is used AT89C55, and use CC2541 chip bluetooth modules;Shared electric bicycle in riding is believed into radio frequency communication station bluetooth During number area of coverage, shared electric bicycle bluetooth module is waken up access piconet, into the shared electric bicycle of piconet Carry out register information with radio frequency communication station successively to exchange, the shared electric bicycle bluetooth module after register information is exchanged is placed in not Dormancy state;
Communication station or charging registration controller, a charging registration are set in the bicycle parking area in the major trunk roads roadside of business district Controller includes one or more charging piles, and the charge controller of charging pile is equipped with thermistor temperature detecting device, and with waterproof Protected with fan for cooling is opened full of power down function, during more than 25 DEG C, after shared electric bicycle accesses charging pile, delay 10 Minute starts to charge up and shows charged state by LED;When shared electric bicycle is parked, voltameter on user Yi Qiche, selection Dock at charging pile position or against the tactic stand of charging pile, need not go to fill during charging if voltameter is shown Electricity not checkout and punishment of being withholdd, goes charging to reward;Each charging pile is respectively mounted infrared transceiver device, by charging registration control Device wheel patrols shared electric bicycle numbering registration of the infrared transceiver device to access charging pile that scanning is installed on charging pile;Hereafter By being connected to the shared electric bicycle of charging pile to sequentially making infrared resting in the shared electric bicycle beside charging pile Relay numbering registration, is arbitrarily parked, can not register to settle accounts;The infrared transceiver device of shared electric bicycle sets positioning Popped one's head in infrared receiving/transmission probe and relay with infrared receiving/transmission;The infrared receiving/transmission probe of shared electric bicycle is removed with charging pile to penetrating Outside, at the top of rearview mirror bracket also loaded on handlebar or another a relay infrared receiving/transmission being used at the top of the vertical rod that identifies or decorate is filled Probe, relay infrared receiving/transmission probe has unified setting height(from bottom) and position to electric bicycle or so to penetrating, it is corresponding make it is left or Right mark, its signal launched is not stopped by other bicycles;
The far infrared transceiver that daily charging registration controller is arranged on charging pile as main equipment start after setting when In, shared electric bicycle, which is sequentially ingressed into charging pile registration or enters sequentially to park beside charging pile, makees relay numbering registration, The relay numbering registration refers to that the relay infrared receiving/transmission for the shared electric bicycle registered by charging pile is popped one's head in depositing in Shared electric bicycle beside charging pile starts registration, shared electric bicycle after registration again successfully to register when relay use The left or right of infrared receiving/transmission probe is received, to the right or registration is numbered in left unregistered shared electric bicycle, and transmission is stepped on Note and number information, to the last can not to next registration and numbering or to setting time, last successfully registered and Numbering shared electric bicycle labeled as relay car from resting state be waken up access main equipment in bluetooth module control it is micro- Microgrid, and main equipment will be wirelessly transmitted to by all registered and numbering the shared electric bicycle information delivered in relays, Relay car bluetooth module enters park mode completion relay numbering registration, the shared electricity as first registration and numbering after transmission Dynamic bicycle, hereafter carries out relay registration and numbering by charging registration controller to shared electric bicycle numbering;Relay is registered With numbering process:First to have been enter into charging registration controller after the Bluetooth signal area of coverage and car locking it is unregistered it is shared it is electronic from Driving is waken up access piconet, sequentially distributes " new to each shared electric bicycle in piconet by charging registration controller Numbering ", for infrared relay registration, the shared electric bicycle bluetooth module after the new numbering of distribution is to be placed in resting state, is connect , charging registration controller is numbered to registered and numbering the shared electric bicycle registered and numbered including charging pile with it Realize that charging registration controller is exchanged with the register information of shared electric bicycle bluetooth module serial communication for address, and fill All new numberings are sent to all registered and numbering shared electronic in addition to charging pile is registered and is numbered by electric registration controller Bicycle, is then address to making red after the shared electric bicycle of new numbering sequentially scan transponding according to new numbering since the relay car Outer relay registration;Relay when the infrared relay registration refers to the shared electric bicycle after infrared registration again successfully to register The left or right popped one's head in infrared receiving/transmission is received, to the right or left unregistered shared electric bicycle makees scan transponding registration, and is passed Registration and number information are passed, last shared electric bicycle registered by relay takes over former relay labeled as new relay car Car, and access piconet is waken up from resting state, then by this all shared electric bicycle information for newly registering and numbering It is wirelessly transmitted to relay car bluetooth module after charging registration controller, transmission and enters the infrared relay registration of park mode completion;This Second batch and the multiple above-mentioned relay of each batch weight later are registered and numbered afterwards, and so go round and begin again continuous renewal register information;To can not The new numbering for completing registration and numbering shares electric bicycle, and its new numbering makes marks and records its user letter as " sequence number to be stepped on " Breath;The registration and numbering refer to the license number and the one-to-one corresponding of numbering of shared electric bicycle;Each shared electric bicycle into Its LED is glittering at regular intervals once green after work(registration;
With the exception of this, the shared electric bicycle parked is after the personnel that are managed arrange shift position, it is necessary to charging registration control Unregistered shared electric bicycle is registered in device Bluetooth signal coverage processed, and charging registration controller is taken to be stepped on through relay Behind the interval of note and several lot numbers of numbering setting, the registration and numbering are expanded into sequence number to be stepped on;Extension registration and numbering: First in order of numbers opens the infrared receiving/transmission of the registered shared electric bicycle of a numbering in addition to charging pile is registered and is numbered Device, to sharing electric bicycle in diamond according to newly numbering and serial number address to be stepped on, sequentially makees infrared connect after scan transponding Power register, after the completion of enter it is next it is registered numbering operation, until it is all it is registered numbering operation complete;In extension The shared electric bicycle finally successfully registered in the infrared relay registration of each registered numbering in registration and numbering, as New relay car cancels former relay car and carries out relay registration and numbering;
When shared electric bicycle and charging registration controller enter row information exchange, the charging registration controller of communication station receives each The register information of shared electric bicycle, other charging registration controllers and each shared electric bicycle are by stepping on for being each collected into Remember that information carries out information exchange;Register information includes being total to that each charging registration controller being collected into setting time section is registered Enjoy license number and its status of equipment, use pattern, user type and telephone number, enrollment time and the charging registration of electric bicycle Coding of controls;Shared electric bicycle by register information be sent to after charging registration controller will the register information delete, Each charging registration controller is deleted after the register information repeated and arrangement and transmitted by shared electric bicycle, through communication station to master station Controller collects;
Bicycle parking area in non-business district, daily first shared electric bicycle and the infrared registration for being installed on roadside Device proceeds by first shared electric bicycle being registered after relay numbering registration, setting time and is arranged to main equipment, Relay registration and numbering and extension registration are carried out as stated above and is numbered, and its numbering of different main equipments makees different marks, When the shared electric bicycle unlocking for being set to main equipment is ridden away, send registration and number information to infrared registration and fill Put and be re-set as slave unit, next be installed on roadside infrared transceiver device register and numbering it is shared it is electronic oneself After driving, the registration and the number information that receive infrared transceiver device, it is set to main equipment and continues relay registration and number, when shared Its information is transferred to master station by electric bicycle and handled when electric bicycle quantity is not enough, can also use pedal as list Car is ridden to destination and awarded;
In all front doors of school or residential area, the registration controller of identical numbering is set, it is automatic by its bluetooth module piconet To the shared electric bicycle registration that comes in and goes out, represented to come in and go out with the odevity of log-on count, it into even number is that odd number, which is, fashionable shared Electric bicycle sends register information to registration controller, when going out registration controller by register information send to it is shared it is electronic from Driving;Or take inside residential area or probe is installed in the bicycle parking area of other sheltered situations;
Shared electric bicycle user is divided into VIP user and casual user;Pass by one's way pedestrian, voluntary labor service is casual user;VIP is used Family is ridden technology through the registration examination of administrative department real name, is unlocked and is settled accounts using mobile phone A PP;Shared electric bicycle is ridden arrival Neighbouring bicycle parking area will be docked to behind destination and car locking registration checkout is carried out, checkout is refused without registration car locking; VIP user can not be parked in the temporary transient non-registration in bicycle parking area through mobile phone APP selections " from keeping " pattern after arriving at Checkout, exceeding the setting storage period after car locking starts the timing parked, and shared electric bicycle keeping is undertaken by the user Obligation, shares electric bicycle LED glittering at regular intervals once red, it is allowed to lock and forbid other people to use, when this VIP user unlocks again when riding, and parks timing time according to it and collects certain rent;Be not park bicycle parking area it is non-from Storage modes user, then car locking refuse checkout, it is desirable to when settling accounts, mobile phone A PP points out the user correctly to park and otherwise undertakes shared Electric bicycle custodial responsibility and fine, such as continue to park after setting time, and mobile phone A PP alarms standby through short message to total station control Case;
Shared electric bicycle system takes user to pull together condominium method;The car plate of each shared electric bicycle indicates the car License plate number and total station control telephone number, casual user with the total station control telephone number end extra bus trade mark of mobile phone dialing, Total station control receives license plate number, and sends special unlocking cipher to mobile phone by short message, and casual user can input password, electricity Motor-car controller is to unlock to unregistered car or disabled vehicle, and at this moment casual user can pull open lock manually and use, electric car control Device processed starts timing and limited to ride the time, is shut after arriving at registration, controller for electric vehicle is by the use of special unlocking cipher Car information transmission is to communication station by master station's bulk registration, and total station control adds up use time and awarded, and is sent out to casual user Send and get reward short message;Shared electric bicycle is equipped with the mercoid switch being made up of the mercoid switch of several different installment states Group, if casual user is not to ride but be transported to up to the registration of registration destination, controller for electric vehicle is according to equipment of itself event Barrier detection and mercoid switch group on off state changing rule judge whether shared electric bicycle damages or ride, and carry out to the electricity Talk about the reward of number casual user;Car changes fierce with non-registration mercoid switch group on off state is shut when removing car steathily, shares electricity Mercoid switch group on off state changing rule under the various forms of motion states of dynamic bicycle is drawn by testing, in case of stolen car electricity Motor-car controller pass the information on to total station control alarm puts on record, total station control or send cruiser to crime periphery it is several Charging registration controller sends inspection request, discovers and seizes case and dispatches a car movement locus, several peripheries charging registration controller timesharing and case Dispatch a car communication, positioned according to the bluetooth signal intensity received, then by cruiser comprehensive assessment crime truck position, further according to case Dispatch a car movement locus and the case that receives is dispatched a car bluetooth signal intensity positioning, most backward crime car sends unlatching report through Bluetooth signal Alert vocal command, case, which is dispatched a car, sends alarm, and cruiser personnel find case according to alarm and dispatched a car.
2. a kind of shared electric bicycle system based on user's condominium according to claim 1, it is characterised in that including:It is logical Xin Zhan ﹙ A ﹚, charge registration controller, the ﹚ of radio communication Zhan ﹙ 16, infrared calling mechanism and shared electric bicycle electric car control Equipped with the ﹚ of GSM Mo Kuai ﹙ 2 and charging registration controller in device (B) processed, Tong Xin Zhan ﹙ A ﹚;The registration controller that charges includes Wei Kong Qi ﹙ 4 ﹚, non-easy mistake deposit the ﹚ of storage device ﹙ 18, infrared receiving/transmission dress and put the ﹚ of ﹙ 6, the blue ﹚ of tooth mould block ﹙ 3 and fill the ﹚ of electric controller ﹙ 5;The data of reception pass through Serial communication is transmitted, and is saved the data in non-Yi and is lost in the ﹚ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 18;The ﹚ of radio communication Zhan ﹙ 16 comprising the ﹚ of Dan Pian Ji ﹙ 13, it is non-easily 14 ﹚ and Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 15 ﹚, the ﹚ of Dan Pian Ji ﹙ 13 is lost to be connected simultaneously using the AT89C55 and ﹚ of Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ 15 progress serial ports Enter row information with controller for electric vehicle by the blue ﹚ of tooth mould block ﹙ 15 to exchange;
Controller for electric vehicle (B) is by Dan Pian Ji ﹙ 8 ﹚, non-Yi lose the ﹚ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 9, the infrared transceiver device of shared electric bicycle is set Put the ﹚ of positioning infrared receiving/transmission Tan Tou ﹙ 7 and the ﹚ of 10 12 ﹚, Jian Pan ﹙ of ﹚, Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ of relay infrared receiving/transmission Tan Tou ﹙ 11 and battery The ﹚ of Chong electricity electricity Lu ﹙ 17 are constituted;
The ﹚ of GSM Mo Kuai ﹙ 2 in Tong Xin Zhan ﹙ A ﹚ send a series of AT using the ﹚ of chip TC35i, Wei Kong Qi ﹙ 4 to the ﹚ of GSM Mo Kuai ﹙ 2 Instruction, nets the ﹚ of ﹙ 1 by GSM and total station control carries out receiving short message.
CN201710622298.3A 2017-07-27 2017-07-27 A kind of shared electric bicycle system based on user's condominium Pending CN107274578A (en)

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