CN107251779A - A kind of intelligent greenhouse - Google Patents

A kind of intelligent greenhouse Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN107251779A
CN107251779A CN201710600036.7A CN201710600036A CN107251779A CN 107251779 A CN107251779 A CN 107251779A CN 201710600036 A CN201710600036 A CN 201710600036A CN 107251779 A CN107251779 A CN 107251779A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
intelligent greenhouse
sensor
layer frame
frame
layer
Prior art date
Application number
CN201710600036.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
高连平
Original Assignee
高连平
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 高连平 filed Critical 高连平
Priority to CN201710600036.7A priority Critical patent/CN107251779A/en
Publication of CN107251779A publication Critical patent/CN107251779A/en

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/14Greenhouses
    • A01G9/1407Greenhouses of flexible synthetic material
    • A01G9/1415Greenhouses of flexible synthetic material with double or multiple walls
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C23/00Distributing devices specially adapted for liquid manure or other fertilising liquid, including ammonia, e.g. transport tanks, sprinkling wagons
    • A01C23/04Distributing under pressure; Distributing mud; Adaptation of watering systems for fertilising-liquids
    • A01C23/047Spraying of liquid fertilisers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/04Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth
    • A01G7/045Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth with electric lighting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/14Greenhouses
    • A01G9/1438Covering materials therefor; Materials for protective coverings used for soil and plants, e.g. films, canopies, tunnels or cloches
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/241Arrangement of opening or closing systems for windows and ventilation panels
    • A01G9/242Arrangement of opening or closing systems for windows and ventilation panels for greenhouses with flexible coverings
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/243Collecting solar energy
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/246Air-conditioning systems
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01DMEASURING NOT SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR A SPECIFIC VARIABLE; ARRANGEMENTS FOR MEASURING TWO OR MORE VARIABLES NOT COVERED IN A SINGLE OTHER SUBCLASS; TARIFF METERING APPARATUS; MEASURING OR TESTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G01D21/00Measuring or testing not otherwise provided for
    • G01D21/02Measuring two or more variables by means not covered by a single other subclass
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05DSYSTEMS FOR CONTROLLING OR REGULATING NON-ELECTRIC VARIABLES
    • G05D27/00Simultaneous control of variables covered by two or more of the preceding main groups
    • G05D27/02Simultaneous control of variables covered by two or more of the preceding main groups characterised by the use of electric means
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of intelligent greenhouse, including:First layer frame, it is the outer layer frame of the intelligent greenhouse;Second layer frame, it is the internal layer frame of the intelligent greenhouse;Solar panels, it is arranged at the top of the first layer frame;Light compensating apparatus, it is arranged on inside the intelligent greenhouse;Aeration device, it is arranged on inside the intelligent greenhouse;Sensing device, it is arranged on inside the intelligent greenhouse;Fertilizer apparatus, it is arranged on outside the intelligent greenhouse;Regulation device, it includes harvester, processing unit, communicator, storage device;Battery, it is connected with external power, and the LED is connected by wire with the battery, and the solar panels, the aeration device, the fertilizer apparatus are connected with the battery;Control terminal, it is connected by the communicator with the processing unit output end.Beneficial effects of the present invention:Better heat preservation, it can simultaneously realize multiple environmental datas are monitored.

Description

A kind of intelligent greenhouse
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural equipment technical field, in particular to a kind of intelligent greenhouse.
Background technology
Warmhouse booth is the important component of industrialized agriculture, is a kind of main planting patterns of current peasant.At present, intelligence Energy greenhouse is the main development direction of warmhouse booth, and the effect of intelligent greenhouse is that intelligent control system is applied into greenhouse gardening On, using temperature, humidity, CO2, every environmental index such as intensity of illumination, and by data analysis implementing monitoring, so as to change big Biological growthing environment inside canopy.Existing intelligent greenhouse has the disadvantages that:
(1) existing intelligent greenhouse can only carry out regulation and control monitoring to single environmental data, it is impossible to realize all in greenhouse Environmental data carries out regulating and controlling monitoring simultaneously;
(2) the individual layer canopy taken existing intelligent greenhouse more, this individual layer canopy in the winter time when, heat insulation effect is poor, warm round the clock It is poor big;Meanwhile, monofilm is easily damaged;
(3) there is ventilation not in time in existing intelligent greenhouse, it is impossible to is aerated and humidifies in real time;
(4) existing intelligent greenhouse is all manually to be applied fertilizer, it is impossible to realize the control of automatic fertilization;
(5) existing intelligent greenhouse can not carry out automatic light-supplementing, it is necessary to outside light filling;
(6) power supply is needed when each system of existing intelligent greenhouse is operated, use for a long time can expend substantial amounts of Electric power resource, so as to increase the planting cost of vegetables.
The content of the invention
To solve the above problems, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of intelligent greenhouse, better heat preservation, can be simultaneously real Now multiple environmental datas are monitored.
The invention provides a kind of intelligent greenhouse, it is characterised in that including:
First layer frame, it is to lay transparent outer canopy film on the outer layer frame of the intelligent greenhouse, the first layer frame, The top of the first layer frame sets ventilating opening, and the ventilating opening is provided with open-and-close mechanism, and the first layer frame both sides are equal Wound membrane machine is set;
Second layer frame, it is to lay transparent interior canopy film on the internal layer frame of the intelligent greenhouse, the second layer frame;
Solar panels, it is arranged at the top of the first layer frame, and the solar panels are fixed on described the by support Both sides at the top of one layer of frame;
Light compensating apparatus, it is arranged on inside the intelligent greenhouse, and the light compensating apparatus includes at least one LED;
Aeration device, it is arranged on inside the intelligent greenhouse;
Sensing device, it includes being arranged at least one external temperature sensor outside the intelligent greenhouse and is arranged on At least one internal temperature sensor, at least one humidity sensor, at least one illumination sensing inside the intelligent greenhouse Device, at least one soil sensor, at least one CO2Sensor, the external temperature sensor is arranged in the first layer canopy On frame, the internal temperature sensor, the optical sensor, the CO2 sensor arrangements are on the second layer frame, institute Soil sensor is stated to be arranged in soil;
Fertilizer apparatus, it is arranged on outside the intelligent greenhouse;
Regulation device, it includes harvester, processing unit, communicator, storage device, the harvester input It is connected with the sensing device output end, the harvester output end is connected with the processing unit input, the processing Device output end connects with the light compensating apparatus, the fertilizer apparatus, the aeration device, the storage device, the wound membrane machine Connect;
Battery, it is connected with external power, and the LED is connected by wire with the battery, the solar panels, The aeration device, the fertilizer apparatus are connected with the battery;
Control terminal, it is connected by the communicator with the processing unit output end.
As further improvement of the invention, the first ceiling frame, the second top are symmetrical arranged at the top of the second layer frame Frame, described first ceiling frame one end is connected by the first rotary part with the first layer frame side wall, second ceiling Frame one end is connected by the second rotary part with the first layer frame side wall;When the second layer frame is opened, described first Ceiling frame and the second ceiling frame are perpendicular to soil ground;During the second layer frame closure, the first ceiling frame and institute The second ceiling frame is stated in inverted V-shape.
As further improvement of the invention, the first ceiling frame is set close to the bottom of described first rotary part one end There is the first balancing weight, the second ceiling frame is provided with the second balancing weight close to the bottom of described second rotary part one end;It is described The first inner limited block and the first outer limited block, the both sides point of second rotary part are fixed in the both sides of first rotary part respectively The second inner limited block and the second outer limited block are not fixed;During unlatching, the first ceiling frame and the second ceiling frame respectively by The first outer limited block and the second outer spacing fixation of limited block;During closure, first balancing weight and described second is matched somebody with somebody Pouring weight is respectively by first inner limited block and the spacing fixation of the second inner limited block.
As further improvement of the invention, the wound membrane machine includes the hollow bushing being connected with the first layer frame, Roll bar runs through the hollow bushing, and the roll bar is connected with reducing motor, and the reducing motor is connected with the solar panels.
As further improvement of the invention, the fertilizer apparatus includes receptacle and feed pump, and the receptacle is set Outside the intelligent greenhouse, the feed pump is arranged on outside the receptacle, the feed pump feed end and outside fertilizer Charging aperture and discharging opening are set on connection, the receptacle, and the charging aperture is connected with the feed pipe discharge end, the charging Pipe feed end is connected with the feed pump discharge end, and the discharging opening is connected with the discharge nozzle feed end, and the discharge nozzle goes out Material end connects at least one shower, and the shower is located in the intelligent greenhouse and is fixed on the second layer frame top Multiple Multi-direction spray heads are set on portion, the shower.
Improved as of the invention further, the aeration device include setting on the left of casing and water tank, the casing into The second air outlet is set on the right side of air port, the first air outlet, the casing, the casing internal sets gradually the first blower fan, first Filter layer, heat exchange layers, electrostatic precipitator, the second blower fan, the first filter layer, atomizing layer, the cabinet top set atomization spray Head, the atomizer is connected with the atomizing layer, and the bottom of shell, which is set, sets water pump, institute in water inlet, the water tank State tank top and delivery port is set, feed pipe is connected through the delivery port with the water pump and the water inlet.
As further improvement of the invention, multiple external temperature sensors are evenly arranged in the first layer frame On, multiple internal temperature sensors are evenly arranged on the second layer frame, multiple uniform cloth of optical sensor Put on the second layer frame, multiple soil sensors are evenly arranged in soil, multiple CO2Sensor is uniform Be arranged on the second layer frame, the external temperature sensor, the internal temperature sensor, the humidity sensor, The optical sensor, the soil sensor, the CO2Sensor is connected with the harvester;
The external temperature sensor is used to monitor the temperature outside the intelligent greenhouse;
The internal temperature sensor is used to monitor the temperature inside the intelligent greenhouse;
The humidity sensor is used to monitor the humidity inside the intelligent greenhouse;
The optical sensor is used to monitor the intensity of illumination inside the intelligent greenhouse;
The soil sensor is used for the fertilizer nutrient for monitoring soil inside the intelligent greenhouse;
The CO2Sensor is used to monitor the CO inside the intelligent greenhouse2Concentration.
As further improvement of the invention, the harvester receives the external temperature sensor, the internal temperature The information of sensor, the humidity sensor, the optical sensor, the soil sensor and the soil sensor is spent, The corresponding given threshold of these information is compared by the processing unit:
In temperature of shed higher than temperature outside the temperature threshold, canopy set less than the temperature threshold of setting, the processing unit First layer frame or second layer frame are opened according to temperature value selection or aeration device is cooled;
When intensity of illumination is less than intensity of illumination threshold value in canopy, the processing unit opens light compensating apparatus and carries out light filling;
The CO in canopy2Concentration is higher than CO2During concentration threshold, the processing unit opens aeration device;
When humidity is less than humidity threshold in canopy, the processing unit opens aeration device;
When fertilizer nutrient is less than humidity threshold, the processing unit opens fertilizer apparatus.
Improved as of the invention further, display screen, switch key are set on the control terminal, light filling button, applied Fertile button, air-supply button, shutter button;
The display screen is used for the monitor value for showing the sensing device;
The switch key is used to be turned on and off the control terminal;
The air-supply button is used to be turned on and off the aeration device;
The light filling button is used to be turned on and off the light compensating apparatus
The fertilising button is used to be turned on and off the fertilizer apparatus;
The shutter button is used to be turned on and off the wound membrane machine.
As further improvement of the invention, the storage device is used to store the value that the harvester is collected.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1st, realize that all environmental datas in greenhouse carry out regulating and controlling monitoring simultaneously, meanwhile, outside monitoring facilities greenhouse Environment and internal environment parameter are simultaneously contrasted, and consider outside humiture, illumination and internal humiture, light conditions, can Carry out difference regulation and control;
2nd, the setting of double-deck canopy, better heat preservation;
3rd, the setting of aeration device can be aerated and humidify in real time;
4th, the soil nutrient in the control of automatic fertilization, regulation greenhouse is realized;
5th, intensity of illumination in automatic light-supplementing, regulation greenhouse is realized;
6th, the setting of battery, reduces power supply cost, while further reducing power supply cost using solar panels;External power Setting ensure greenhouse in each device normal operation.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of intelligent greenhouse described in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of second layer frame of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of fertilizer apparatus of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of aeration device of the present invention.
In figure,
1st, first layer frame;2nd, ventilating opening;3rd, wound membrane machine;4-1, the first ceiling frame;4-2, the second ceiling frame;5-1, first Rotary part;5-2, the second rotary part;6th, solar panels;7-1, the first balancing weight;7-2, the second balancing weight;8-1, in first Limited block;8-2, the second inner limited block;9-1, the first outer limited block;9-2, the second outer limited block;10th, receptacle;11st, feed Pump;12nd, feed pipe;13rd, discharge nozzle;14th, shower;15th, Multi-direction spray head;16th, casing;17th, air inlet;18-1, the first air-out Mouthful;The air outlets of 18-2 second;19-1, the first blower fan;19-2, the second blower fan;20-1, the first filter layer;20-2, the first filtering Layer;22nd, heat exchange layers;23rd, atomizing layer;24 water tanks;25th, water pump;26th, delivery port;27th, feed pipe;28th, water inlet;29th, it is atomized Shower nozzle.
Embodiment
The present invention is described in further detail below by specific embodiment and with reference to accompanying drawing.
As shown in figure 1, a kind of intelligent greenhouse of the embodiment of the present invention, including:Two layers frame, solar panels, light compensating apparatus, Aeration device, sensing device, fertilizer apparatus, regulation device, battery, control terminal.
First layer frame 1 is to lay transparent outer canopy film, first layer canopy on the outer layer frame of intelligent greenhouse, first layer frame 1 The top of frame 1 sets ventilating opening 2, and ventilating opening 2 is provided with open-and-close mechanism, and the both sides of first layer frame 1 are respectively provided with wound membrane machine 3.Wherein, Wound membrane machine 3 includes the hollow bushing being connected with first layer frame 1, and roll bar runs through hollow bushing, and roll bar is connected with reducing motor, subtracted Speed motor is connected with solar panels 6.
Second layer frame is to lay transparent interior canopy film on the internal layer frame of intelligent greenhouse, second layer frame.As shown in Fig. 2 The first ceiling frame 4-1, the second ceiling frame 4-2 are symmetrical arranged at the top of second layer frame, first ceiling frame 4-1 one end passes through first Rotary part 5-1 is connected with the side wall of first layer frame 1, and second ceiling frame 4-2 one end passes through the second rotary part 5-2 and first layer The side wall connection of frame 1;When second layer frame is opened, the first ceiling frame 4-1 and the second ceiling frame 4-2 are perpendicular to soil ground;The During two layers of frame closure, the first ceiling frame 4-1 and the second ceiling frame 4-2 are in inverted V-shape.Wherein, the first ceiling frame 4-1 is close to The bottom of one rotary part 5-1 one end is provided with the first balancing weight 7-1, the second ceiling frame 4-2 close to second rotary part 5-2 one end Bottom be provided with the second balancing weight 7-2;First rotary part 5-1 both sides are fixed outside the first inner limited block 8-1 and first respectively The outer limited block 9-2 of the second inner limited block 8-2 and second are fixed in limited block 9-1, the second rotary part 5-2 both sides respectively;Open When, the first ceiling frame 4-1 and the second ceiling frame 4-2 are spacing solid by the first outer outer limited block 9-2 of limited block 9-1 and second respectively It is fixed;During closure, the first balancing weight 7-1 and the second balancing weight 7-2 are respectively by the first inner limited block 8-1 and the second inner limited block 8-2 Spacing fixation.
Solar panels 6 are arranged on the top of first layer frame 1, and solar panels 6 are fixed on the top of first layer frame 6 by support Both sides.
Light compensating apparatus is arranged on inside intelligent greenhouse, and light compensating apparatus includes at least one LED, and LED is evenly arranged in On second layer frame.
Aeration device is arranged on inside intelligent greenhouse.As shown in figure 4, aeration device includes casing 16 and water tank 24, casing 16 left sides set air inlet 17, the first air outlet 18-1, and the right side of casing 16 is set inside the second air outlet 18-2, casing 16 successively First blower fan 19-1, the first filter layer 20-1, heat exchange layers 21-1, electrostatic precipitator 22, the second blower fan 19-2, the first mistake are set Filtering layer 20-2, atomizing layer 23, the top of casing 16 set atomizer 29, and atomizer 29 is connected with atomizing layer 23, the bottom of casing 16 Portion sets and water pump 25 is set in water inlet 28, water tank 24, and the top of water tank 24 sets delivery port 26, and feed pipe 27 runs through delivery port 26 It is connected with water pump 25 and water inlet 28.
Sensing device includes at least one external temperature sensor being arranged on outside intelligent greenhouse and is arranged on intelligence greatly At least one internal temperature sensor, at least one humidity sensor, at least one optical sensor inside canopy, at least one Soil sensor, at least one CO2Sensor, external temperature sensor is arranged on first layer frame 1, internal temperature sensor Device, optical sensor, CO2Sensor arrangement is on second layer frame, and soil sensor is arranged in soil.Wherein, it is multiple outer Portion's temperature sensor is evenly arranged on first layer frame 1, and multiple internal temperature sensors are evenly arranged on second layer frame, Multiple optical sensors are evenly arranged on second layer frame, and multiple soil sensors are evenly arranged in soil, multiple CO2Pass Sensor is evenly arranged on second layer frame, external temperature sensor, internal temperature sensor, humidity sensor, illumination sensing Device, soil sensor, CO2Sensor is connected with harvester.External temperature sensor is used to monitor outside intelligent greenhouse Temperature, takes the measurement average of multiple external temperature sensors;Internal temperature sensor is used to monitor the temperature inside intelligent greenhouse, Take the measurement average of multiple internal temperature sensors;Humidity sensor is used to monitor the humidity inside intelligent greenhouse, takes multiple wet Spend the measurement average of sensor;Optical sensor is used to monitor the intensity of illumination inside intelligent greenhouse;Soil sensor is used to supervise Survey the fertilizer nutrient of soil inside intelligent greenhouse;CO2Sensor is used to monitor the CO inside intelligent greenhouse2Concentration, takes multiple CO2 The measurement average of sensor.
Fertilizer apparatus is arranged on outside intelligent greenhouse.As shown in figure 3, fertilizer apparatus includes receptacle 10 and feed pump 11, Receptacle 10 is arranged on outside intelligent greenhouse, and feed pump 11 is arranged on outside receptacle 10, the feed end of feed pump 11 and outside fertilizer Charging aperture and discharging opening are set on material connection, receptacle 10, charging aperture is connected with the discharge end of feed pipe 12, the feed end of feed pipe 12 It is connected with the discharge end of feed pump 11, discharging opening is connected with the feed end of discharge nozzle 13, the discharge end of discharge nozzle 13 connects at least one spray Shower pipe 14, shower 14 is located in intelligent greenhouse and is fixed at the top of second layer frame, and multiple multidirectional sprays are set on shower 14 First 15.
Regulation device includes harvester, processing unit, communicator, storage device, harvester input and sensing Device output end is connected, and harvester output end is connected with processing unit input, processing unit output end and light compensating apparatus, is applied Fertile device, aeration device, storage device, wound membrane machine 3 are connected.Harvester receives external temperature sensor, internal temperature sensor Device, humidity sensor, optical sensor, the information of soil sensor and soil sensor, processing unit is by these information and its Corresponding given threshold is compared:
Temperature of shed higher than the temperature threshold of setting, outside canopy temperature less than setting temperature threshold, processing unit according to First layer frame 1 or second layer frame are opened in temperature value selection or aeration device is cooled;Intensity of illumination is less than light in canopy During according to intensity threshold, processing unit opens light compensating apparatus and carries out light filling;The CO in canopy2Concentration is higher than CO2During concentration threshold, processing Device opens aeration device;When humidity is less than humidity threshold in canopy, processing unit opens aeration device;It is less than in fertilizer nutrient During humidity threshold, processing unit opens fertilizer apparatus.Storage device is used to store the value that harvester is collected.
Battery is connected with external power, and LED is connected by wire with battery, solar panels 6, aeration device, fertilising Device is connected with battery.
Control terminal is connected by communicator with processing unit output end.Display screen, switch is set to press on control terminal Key, light filling button, fertilising button, air-supply button, shutter button;Display screen is used for the monitor value for showing sensing device;Switch Button is used to be turned on and off control terminal;Air-supply button is used to be turned on and off aeration device;Light filling button be used for open or Closing light compensating apparatus fertilising button is used to be turned on and off fertilizer apparatus;Shutter button is used to be turned on and off wound membrane machine 3.Control Terminal processed can realize long-range operational control, operating personnel only need to according to the result of processing unit correspondence open it is corresponding by Key realizes the operation to each device in greenhouse.
When specifically used:
When needing to be aerated greenhouse, the first ceiling frame 4-1 and the second ceiling frame 4-2 is opened, is opened by open-and-close mechanism Open the ventilating opening of first layer frame 1;When needing further ventilation, the film that will be covered by wound membrane machine 3 on first layer frame 1, Reducing motor drives roll bar to rotate, and drives film to be involved in hollow bushing and packs up.Further, aeration device, greenhouse can be opened Interior wind is entered after casing 16 by air inlet 17, is first passed through after the first filter layer 20-1 tentatively filterings by heat exchange layers 21-1 (heat exchanger) carry out it is cold and hot exchange, then remove dust impurity by electrostatic precipitator 22, enter the by the second blower fan air blast Two filter layer 20-2 are carried out after filtering again from the first air outlet 18-1 and the second air outlet 18-2 air-out.
When needing humidification, aeration device can be opened, water is entered water inlet by water pump 25 from water tank 24 by feed pipe 27 28, into atomizer 23 after sprayed from atomizer 29.
When needing light filling, open at least one LED in light compensating apparatus, can light filling according to specific needs position (with reference to the illumination intensity value for the intensity of illumination sensor laid near the position) opens the LED of correspondence position.
When needing fertilising, fertilizer apparatus is opened, fertilizer enters multiple showers 14 from discharge nozzle 13, by being set on shower The multiple multidirectional spray heads put, which are realized, to be sowed, and the position for specifically needing supplementary fertilizer (can be laid with reference near the position as needed Soil sensor nutrient value) open correspondence position shower 14 sprayed.
The present invention can detect to the multinomial environmental index in warmhouse booth, such as:Temperature, humidity, intensity of illumination, CO2Concentration and soil nutrient, realize the overall monitor to crop growth environment index in warmhouse booth;The present invention can be according to right Environmental index testing result control fertilizer apparatus, light compensating apparatus, the aeration device of warmhouse booth are operated, so as to adjust greenhouse Environmental index in greenhouse so that the environmental index in warmhouse booth is in the scope most useful for plant growth;The present invention is used It is solar powered, it can effectively reduce energy resource consumption.
The preferred embodiments of the present invention are the foregoing is only, are not intended to limit the invention, for the skill of this area For art personnel, the present invention can have various modifications and variations.Within the spirit and principles of the invention, that is made any repaiies Change, equivalent substitution, improvement etc., should be included in the scope of the protection.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of intelligent greenhouse, it is characterised in that including:
First layer frame (1), it is to lay transparent outer canopy on the outer layer frame of the intelligent greenhouse, the first layer frame (1) Film, the top of the first layer frame (1) sets ventilating opening (2), and the ventilating opening (2) is provided with open-and-close mechanism, described first Layer frame (1) both sides are respectively provided with wound membrane machine (3);
Second layer frame, it is to lay transparent interior canopy film on the internal layer frame of the intelligent greenhouse, the second layer frame;
Solar panels (6), it is arranged at the top of the first layer frame (1), and the solar panels (6) are fixed on institute by support State both sides at the top of first layer frame (6);
Light compensating apparatus, it is arranged on inside the intelligent greenhouse, and the light compensating apparatus includes at least one LED;
Aeration device, it is arranged on inside the intelligent greenhouse;
Sensing device, it includes being arranged at least one external temperature sensor outside the intelligent greenhouse and is arranged on described At least one internal temperature sensor, at least one humidity sensor, at least one optical sensor inside intelligent greenhouse, extremely Few soil sensor, at least one CO2Sensor, the external temperature sensor is arranged in the first layer frame (1) On, the internal temperature sensor, the optical sensor, the CO2Sensor arrangement is described on the second layer frame Soil sensor is arranged in soil;
Fertilizer apparatus, it is arranged on outside the intelligent greenhouse;
Regulation device, it includes harvester, processing unit, communicator, storage device, the harvester input and institute The connection of sensing device output end is stated, the harvester output end is connected with the processing unit input, the processing unit Output end connects with the light compensating apparatus, the fertilizer apparatus, the aeration device, the storage device, the wound membrane machine (3) Connect;
Battery, it is connected with external power, and the LED is connected by wire with the battery, the solar panels (6), The aeration device, the fertilizer apparatus are connected with the battery;
Control terminal, it is connected by the communicator with the processing unit output end.
2. intelligent greenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterised in that be symmetrical arranged first at the top of the second layer frame Ceiling frame (4-1), the second ceiling frame (4-2), described first ceiling frame (4-1) one end passes through the first rotary part (5-1) and institute State the connection of first layer frame (1) side wall, described second ceiling frame (4-2) one end passes through the second rotary part (5-2) and described the One layer of frame (1) side wall connection;When the second layer frame is opened, the first ceiling frame (4-1) and the second ceiling frame (4-2) is perpendicular to soil ground;During the second layer frame closure, the first ceiling frame (4-1) and the second ceiling frame (4-2) is in inverted V-shape.
3. intelligent greenhouse according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the first ceiling frame (4-1) is close to described first The bottom of rotary part (5-1) one end is provided with the first balancing weight (7-1), and the second ceiling frame (4-2) is close to the described second rotation The bottom of rotation member (5-2) one end is provided with the second balancing weight (7-2);The both sides of first rotary part (5-1) are fixed respectively First inner limited block (8-1) and the first outer limited block (9-1), the both sides of second rotary part (5-2) fix second respectively Inner limited block (8-2) and the second outer limited block (9-2);
During unlatching, the first ceiling frame (4-1) and the second ceiling frame (4-2) are respectively by the described first outer limited block (9- 1) with the described second spacing fixation of outer limited block (9-2);
During closure, first balancing weight (7-1) and second balancing weight (7-2) are respectively by the first inner limited block (8- 1) with the spacing fixation of second inner limited block (8-2).
4. intelligent greenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the wound membrane machine (3) includes and the first layer canopy The hollow bushing of frame (1) connection, roll bar runs through the hollow bushing, and the roll bar is connected with reducing motor, the reducing motor It is connected with the solar panels (6).
5. intelligent greenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the fertilizer apparatus includes receptacle (10) and charging Pump (11), the receptacle (10) is arranged on outside the intelligent greenhouse, and the feed pump (11) is arranged on the receptacle (10) outside, feed pump (11) feed end is connected with outside fertilizer, and charging aperture and discharging are set on the receptacle (10) Mouthful, the charging aperture is connected with the feed pipe (12) discharge end, feed pipe (12) feed end and the feed pump (11) Discharge end is connected, and the discharging opening is connected with the discharge nozzle (13) feed end, and discharge nozzle (13) the discharge end connection is at least One shower (14), the shower (14) is located in the intelligent greenhouse and is fixed at the top of the second layer frame, institute State and multiple Multi-direction spray heads (15) are set on shower (14).
6. intelligent greenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the aeration device includes casing (16) and water tank (24), set on the left of the casing (16) on the right side of air inlet (17), the first air outlet (18-1), the casing (16) and set second The first blower fan (19-1), the first filter layer (20-1), heat exchange layers are set gradually inside air outlet (18-2), the casing (16) (21-1), electrostatic precipitator (22), the second blower fan (19-2), the first filter layer (20-2), atomizing layer (23), the casing (16) Top sets atomizer (29), and the atomizer (29) is connected with the atomizing layer (23), and casing (16) bottom is set Put and water pump (25) is set in water inlet (28), the water tank (24), delivery port (26), feed pipe are set at the top of the water tank (24) (27) it is connected through the delivery port (26) with the water pump (25) and the water inlet (28).
7. intelligent greenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterised in that multiple external temperature sensors are evenly arranged in On the first layer frame (1), multiple internal temperature sensors are evenly arranged on the second layer frame, multiple described Optical sensor is evenly arranged on the second layer frame, and multiple soil sensors are evenly arranged in soil, multiple The CO2Sensor is evenly arranged on the second layer frame, the external temperature sensor, the internal temperature sensor Device, the humidity sensor, the optical sensor, the soil sensor, the CO2Sensor with the harvester Connection;
The external temperature sensor is used to monitor the temperature outside the intelligent greenhouse;
The internal temperature sensor is used to monitor the temperature inside the intelligent greenhouse;
The humidity sensor is used to monitor the humidity inside the intelligent greenhouse;
The optical sensor is used to monitor the intensity of illumination inside the intelligent greenhouse;
The soil sensor is used for the fertilizer nutrient for monitoring soil inside the intelligent greenhouse;
The CO2Sensor is used to monitor the CO inside the intelligent greenhouse2Concentration.
8. intelligent greenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the harvester receives the external temperature sensing Device, the internal temperature sensor, the humidity sensor, the optical sensor, the soil sensor and the soil The corresponding given threshold of these information is compared by the information of sensor, the processing unit:
Temperature of shed higher than the temperature threshold of setting, outside canopy temperature less than setting temperature threshold, the processing unit according to First layer frame (1) or second layer frame are opened in temperature value selection or aeration device is cooled;
When intensity of illumination is less than intensity of illumination threshold value in canopy, the processing unit opens light compensating apparatus and carries out light filling;
The CO in canopy2Concentration is higher than CO2During concentration threshold, the processing unit opens aeration device;
When humidity is less than humidity threshold in canopy, the processing unit opens aeration device;
When fertilizer nutrient is less than humidity threshold, the processing unit opens fertilizer apparatus.
9. intelligent greenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterised in that set display screen, switch to press on the control terminal Key, light filling button, fertilising button, air-supply button, shutter button;
The display screen is used for the monitor value for showing the sensing device;
The switch key is used to be turned on and off the control terminal;
The air-supply button is used to be turned on and off the aeration device;
The light filling button is used to be turned on and off the light compensating apparatus
The fertilising button is used to be turned on and off the fertilizer apparatus;
The shutter button is used to be turned on and off the wound membrane machine (3).
10. intelligent greenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the storage device is used to store the collection dress Put the value collected.
CN201710600036.7A 2017-07-21 2017-07-21 A kind of intelligent greenhouse CN107251779A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710600036.7A CN107251779A (en) 2017-07-21 2017-07-21 A kind of intelligent greenhouse

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710600036.7A CN107251779A (en) 2017-07-21 2017-07-21 A kind of intelligent greenhouse

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107251779A true CN107251779A (en) 2017-10-17

Family

ID=60025842

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710600036.7A CN107251779A (en) 2017-07-21 2017-07-21 A kind of intelligent greenhouse

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN107251779A (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108464161A (en) * 2018-03-16 2018-08-31 姚鹏 Multi-functional plant greenhouse
CN108575430A (en) * 2018-05-02 2018-09-28 佛山市奥耶克思机械设备有限公司 A kind of greenhouse ceiling rotating folding device and application method
CN108966966A (en) * 2018-09-13 2018-12-11 吉林省三和清洁能源开发有限公司 A kind of greenhouse storing energy and supplying hot irrigation system
CN109006022A (en) * 2018-07-11 2018-12-18 滕庆阳 A kind of flowerpot and its management system and the greenhouse plants management system based on big data
CN109315113A (en) * 2018-11-14 2019-02-12 徐金金 A kind of intelligent agricultural greenhouse management system
CN110178601A (en) * 2019-06-28 2019-08-30 云南旭滇农业技术有限公司 The intelligent greenhouse and ring prosecutor method to be exchanged heat using greenhouse effects thermal-arrest and aqueous vapor film

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202425377U (en) * 2011-11-21 2012-09-12 王干 Intelligent ecological greenhouse system based on solar light supplementing and geothermal heat preservation
CN103026923A (en) * 2012-12-27 2013-04-10 宁波市林特科技推广中心 Greenhouse with multi-layer film structure
WO2013136276A1 (en) * 2012-03-15 2013-09-19 Artigianfer Di Virgilio Cardelli S.R.L. Greenhouse and system for generating electrical energy and greenhouse cultivation
CN203745872U (en) * 2014-01-21 2014-07-30 哈密市庆丰设施农业科技开发有限公司 Greenhouse automatic control system
CN104654485A (en) * 2015-03-10 2015-05-27 无锡罗特新风技术有限公司 Humidifying type indoor fresh air purifying machine
CN204482519U (en) * 2015-02-13 2015-07-22 天津春蔬园农业科技有限公司 A kind of intelligent booth

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202425377U (en) * 2011-11-21 2012-09-12 王干 Intelligent ecological greenhouse system based on solar light supplementing and geothermal heat preservation
WO2013136276A1 (en) * 2012-03-15 2013-09-19 Artigianfer Di Virgilio Cardelli S.R.L. Greenhouse and system for generating electrical energy and greenhouse cultivation
CN103026923A (en) * 2012-12-27 2013-04-10 宁波市林特科技推广中心 Greenhouse with multi-layer film structure
CN203745872U (en) * 2014-01-21 2014-07-30 哈密市庆丰设施农业科技开发有限公司 Greenhouse automatic control system
CN204482519U (en) * 2015-02-13 2015-07-22 天津春蔬园农业科技有限公司 A kind of intelligent booth
CN104654485A (en) * 2015-03-10 2015-05-27 无锡罗特新风技术有限公司 Humidifying type indoor fresh air purifying machine

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108464161A (en) * 2018-03-16 2018-08-31 姚鹏 Multi-functional plant greenhouse
CN108575430A (en) * 2018-05-02 2018-09-28 佛山市奥耶克思机械设备有限公司 A kind of greenhouse ceiling rotating folding device and application method
CN109006022A (en) * 2018-07-11 2018-12-18 滕庆阳 A kind of flowerpot and its management system and the greenhouse plants management system based on big data
CN108966966A (en) * 2018-09-13 2018-12-11 吉林省三和清洁能源开发有限公司 A kind of greenhouse storing energy and supplying hot irrigation system
CN109315113A (en) * 2018-11-14 2019-02-12 徐金金 A kind of intelligent agricultural greenhouse management system
CN110178601A (en) * 2019-06-28 2019-08-30 云南旭滇农业技术有限公司 The intelligent greenhouse and ring prosecutor method to be exchanged heat using greenhouse effects thermal-arrest and aqueous vapor film

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN104024975B (en) For the refrigerating module of modular data center and the system including the refrigerating module and at least one server module
CN104267769B (en) Growing environment following system and method for dendrobium candidum
CN105159257B (en) A kind of plant factor's integrated control system and method
CN104115705B (en) Winter warms up green house
CN100462655C (en) Large-scale mobile green system for drying grain during procedure of storing grain
CN204598932U (en) A kind of automation boar pig house
CN202661102U (en) Indoor/outdoor environment monitoring equipment with built-in wireless communication module
CN203618470U (en) Intelligent agricultural greenhouse
CN100553443C (en) Closed is utilized the environmental-control type plant factor of artificial light fully
CN205028108U (en) Intelligence green house management system
CN202218546U (en) Full automatic greenhouse control system
CN204682003U (en) A kind of Intelligent photovoltaic Multi-functional green house covered with plastic film
CN201771224U (en) Single-span automatic controlled planting and raising balanced ecological greenhouse
CN205596721U (en) Intelligent multi -functional courtyard greenhouse system based on thing networking
CN101919330B (en) Automatic control system of intelligent low-temperature grain storage and control method thereof
CN103859018B (en) Large output low temperature circulating grain products drying equipment
CN105638311A (en) Intelligent multifunctional courtyard greenhouse system based on Internet of Things
CN107836249A (en) A kind of warmhouse booth intelligence control system and control method
CN201479679U (en) Multifunctional climate incubator
CN107318495A (en) A kind of multiple common management systems of three-dimensional agriculture planting shed based on Internet of Things
CN101627707B (en) Environmental-control type closed greenhouse
CN107173223B (en) A kind of cultivation of plants method
CN106839135A (en) Air conditioner room unit, air-conditioner outdoor unit and air-conditioner
CN206250644U (en) A kind of safety-type power distribution control system of unmanned plane
CN107810751B (en) Intelligent agricultural greenhouse capable of collecting rain for irrigation

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20171017