A kind of rolling side brush charging device of unlimited long-range continuation of the journey electric automobile
The present invention relates to electric automobile moving charging power supply technique field, and in particular to a kind of unlimited long-range continuation of the journey electric automobile
Rolling side brush charging device.
The current whole world generally faces environmental protection pressure and the severe situation of energy crisis：One is environment aspect, first city fog
Haze, which is on the rise, is badly in need of preventing and treating solution.Secondly whole earth greenhouse gas emission rise,《Paris climate change agreement》It is realistic
Existing greenhouse gas emission does not continue to increase.Two be that fossil energy faces exhaustion, although newfound shale gas and combustible ice hold
Amount is not small, but exploitation difficulty is big, and cost is high, is difficult by short term, it is necessary to tap a new source of energy.Electric automobile has pollution-free, makes an uproar
Sound is low, and energy efficiency is high, the advantages of simple in construction easy to maintenance, and Development of EV substitution fuel-engined vehicle is imperative.It is near several
Year ev industry is advocated in various countries to be rapidly developed under support, is efficiently solved short distance and is ridden trip, but power electric
The long-range endurance in pond is not enough, charging rate is unhappy, and caused mileage anxiety problem cannot be solved well all the time, as electricity
The maximum technical bottleneck of electrical automobile development, affects electric automobile and popularizes.
Cracking the conventional thinking of mileage anxiety problem at present is：On the one hand the energy density of battery is improved, actively increase is continuous
Navigate mileage, on the other hand, charging pile is built extensively, tries to lift battery charging rate.This thinking can solve the problem that problem seemingly,
But substantially it still can not fundamentally solve the problem of mileage anxiety：Because battery capacity and charging interval are a contradiction
Body, course continuation mileage is extended by increasing battery capacity, relative will certainly extend the charging interval, although it is favourable to fill technological progress soon
In shortening the charging interval, but fill soon and can reduce circulating battery number of times, shorten battery life, aggravate security risk, and will also be by
Network load is restricted, it is impossible to ad infinitum accelerate down, and there is a limit certainly can not continue to break through, and it is desirable to by not
It is disconnected to lift battery capacity, constantly accelerate charging rate, to reach and refuel that it is unpractical equally easily to contemplate.Even if theoretical
It is upper to there are such technical products, it is also not propagable：Because the cost that Large Copacity fills vehicle soon is extremely expensive, as tesla
It is exactly a fresh and alive example, only the rich, which can enjoy and consume, to rise, it is difficult to be accepted by the public as national car.This routine
Thinking is substantially to have continued to use the thinking of fuel combustion vehicle parking oiling to solve the problems, such as charging electric vehicle, it is desirable to refueled as building
Stand and equally build charging pile to solve the problems, such as Vehicular charging, but electricity is different from the existence form of oil, causes battery to be filled with fuel tank
Effect is certainly different, and fuel tank does not have particular constraints to oiling speed, but battery has many restrictions to charging rate, too fast to fill
Electricity can reduce circulating battery number of times, reduction of service life, but also be restricted by network load, it is impossible to arbitrarily be carried as the imagination
High charge speed.Electric energy is difficult to after first storing as fuel oil, then is easily filled as refueling to the vehicle that stops, in a word
Stopping for charging can not facilitate as refueling forever, and this thinking is difficult to crack mileage anxiety problem.If bypassing this solidification
Thinking, it is seen that electrical energy transportation and fuel oil conveying are significantly different, fuel oil can be sent to gas station by tank car, realize that parking is fixed
Point filling, and electric energy has a fabulous mobility, advantage be can by the convenient transmission of power network and can with ready access upon use, in a steady stream
Constantly, it is not necessary to take parking to fill as refueling, swipe can from electric online mobile so that image height iron is the same, realize and supplied in row
Bian Chong, if the process of charging is the process of traveling again, it is possible to avoid the anxiety of stop-for-waiting, as a result mobile charging adds than parking
Oil will also facilitate, and such thinking one becomes, and the problem of charging is just readily solved, and mileage anxiety is no longer problem.In view of near
The 80% daily actual travel mileage of user vehicle is generally within 80 kilometers, and usually remotely traveling can be using charging pile at night
Between using paddy electricity trickle charge more, when remotely going on a journey, using the highway network extended in all direction, what such endurance was not enough is electronic
Automobile dexterously solves the long-range problem infinitely continued a journey by the moving charging electric power system of freeway net.
Future battery energy density and fill soon technology constantly improve, mobile charging Technique Popularizing is more beneficial for, if in not shadow
Ring cell safety on the premise of, can realize 5-10 minutes it is fully charged, the battery capacity of vehicle need not just pursue 500 kilometers again at that time
Or even farther course continuation mileage, perhaps it is sufficient that 100-200 kilometers of course continuation mileages, vehicle cost can be substantially reduced at that time,
Release the national car less than 100,000 yuan to be no longer a dream, electric automobile is not only cheap but also conveniently goes back environmental protection, strides into the new of blowout development
Epoch point the day and await for it.
Chinese patent application CN201410795407.8 disclose a kind of electric automobile that infinitely can remotely continue a journey and its
Rail moving charging electric power system, by setting facilitate electric automobile power taking to fill confession in the both sides of highway intermediate isolating band
Electric system, fills electric power system mainly by the external road network power supply from highway of parallel arrangement of two wear-resistant conductive slide rails
Power supply is realized, electric power system is filled by freeway net construction, is run by railless electric automobile railization, power network can be utilized
Power supply continuation of the journey, again can synchronous charging storing up electricity, so as to realize the unlimited long-range onward of electric automobile；Understanding is provided by said apparatus
The certainly scheme of some problems, but when infinitely continuation of the journey electric automobile is electric with highway gauze brush, electricity is brushed using side, to electronic
Automobile and brush motor structure equipment requirement are higher, complicated, it would be highly desirable to improve.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is there is above mentioned problem for existing technology, to coordinate brush electric system segmentation tracking power supply skill
Art is improved there is provided a kind of rolling side brush charging device of unlimited long-range continuation of the journey electric automobile, due to taking a brush in brush electric process
Piece is charged with power taking groove using being in rolling contact, and greatly reduces the loss of brush electric groove and power taking brushing piece etc. directly contact component,
And it is safe, it is simple and practical, it is easy to maintenance convenient, be conducive to accelerating popularizing for electric automobile.
To realize object above, brush electric system segmentation tracking power supply technique is preferably coordinated to improve, the present invention is by following
Technical scheme is achieved：
A kind of rolling side brush charging device of unlimited long-range continuation of the journey electric automobile, including the electric wheel group of brush, pass through the brush electricity
Wheel group is in rolling contact to charge with the electric groove of the brush.
Further, in addition to telescopic arm and the electric groove of brush, the telescopic arm is located on electric automobile.
Further, the inside of the electric groove of brush is the hard E shape slot structures that insulating materials is made, E shape slot structures it is perpendicular
Into side along it is upper and lower be arranged in parallel on zero line conductor rail and live wire conductor rail, and the zero line conductor rail and live wire conductor rail,
Under be arranged in parallel, and outer side edges enter the loudspeaker hatch frame of groove for the electric wheel group of guiding brush.
Further, the electric wheel group of the brush includes zero line brush electricity wheel and live wire brush electricity wheel, the line brush electricity wheel and live wire brush
Electricity wheel is respectively from power taking on the zero line conductor rail and live wire conductor rail on the electric groove of brush..
Further, the middle position of the bottom in the groove of the electric groove of the brush is provided with conductor rail, and the electric groove of the brush
Groove in two side be made up of insulating materials.
Further, the outside of the electric wheel group of the brush sets a longitudinal restraint wheel respectively, along the upper and lower frame of E shape grooves
Further, it is additionally provided with damping device on the telescopic arm.
Compared with prior art, beneficial effects of the present invention are：
Using above technical scheme, the present invention in brush electric process due to take a brushing piece and power taking groove using be in rolling contact come
Charging, greatly reduces the loss of the directly contact component such as the electric groove of brush and brush electricity wheel, overcomes and slide the fast defect of brush electrical wear,
Avoid brushing the electric arc harm that heat when electric piece is directly brushed is excessive and produces, it is safe, it is simple and practical, be conducive to accelerating electronic
Automobile is popularized.
Brief description of the drawings
In order to illustrate more clearly about the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, below will be to embodiment or existing
There is the accompanying drawing used required in technology description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are only this
Some embodiments of invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, on the premise of not paying creative work, can be with
Other accompanying drawings are obtained according to these accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is first embodiment of the present invention electric automobile power taking structure schematic diagram；
Fig. 2 is the electric wheel construction schematic diagram of first embodiment of the present invention electric automobile brush；
Fig. 3 is the dimensional structure diagram of first embodiment of the present invention electric automobile power taking；
Fig. 4 is the close-up schematic view of first embodiment of the present invention electric automobile power taking；
Fig. 5 is the dimensional structure diagram of first embodiment of the present invention electric automobile brush electricity wheel；
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the second embodiment of the present invention；
Fig. 7 is the electric wheel construction schematic diagram of electric automobile brush of the second embodiment of the present invention；
Label declaration in figure：1st, telescopic arm；2nd, electric groove is brushed；21st, zero line conductor rail；22nd, live wire conductor rail；3rd, electricity wheel is brushed
Group；31st, zero line brush electricity wheel；32nd, live wire brush electricity wheel；33rd, connecting shaft；4th, electric automobile；5th, isolation strip；6th, anti-collision wall；7th, longitudinal direction
Constraint wheel；8th, tensioning mechanism.
To make the purpose, technical scheme and advantage of the embodiment of the present invention clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention,
Technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiment is the present invention one
Divide embodiment, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are not making
The every other embodiment obtained under the premise of creative work, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
With reference to accompanying drawing 1, the present invention is further illustrated：A kind of rolling side brush of unlimited long-range continuation of the journey electric automobile is filled
Electric installation, including the electric wheel group 3 of brush, are in rolling contact to charge by the electric wheel group 3 of the brush with the electric groove 2 of the brush.
With reference to accompanying drawing 2 and Fig. 3, in addition to telescopic arm 1 and the electric groove 2 of brush, the telescopic arm 1 is located on electric automobile 4；
The inside of the electric groove 5 of brush is in the hard E shape slot structures that insulating materials is made, the vertical side of E shape slot structures
Along upper and lower be arranged in parallel zero line conductor rail and live wire conductor rail 21,22, and the zero line conductor rail and live wire conductor rail 21,22
It is upper and lower to be arranged in parallel, and outer side edges enter the loudspeaker hatch frame of groove for the electric wheel group of guiding brush, by horn-like guiding surface come
The electric wheel group 3 of guiding brush is into brushing in electric groove, and the electric groove 2 of brush is located on isolation strip 5, and provided with anti-collision wall 6 between isolation strip 5,
It is in rolling contact to realize brush Electricity Functional by the electric wheel group 3 of the brush；
With reference to accompanying drawing 4 and Fig. 5, the electric wheel group 3 of the brush includes zero line brush electricity wheel and live wire brush electricity wheel 31,32, the line brush
Electricity wheel and live wire brush electricity wheel 31,32 are described respectively from power taking on the zero line conductor rail and live wire conductor rail 21,22 on the electric groove 2 of brush
Live wire brush electricity wheel 32 is adapted to the electric groove of live wire brush, and zero line brush electricity wheel and live wire brush the electricity wheel 31,32 is respectively provided at connecting shaft 33
Two ends, the connecting shaft 33 is located on the telescopic arm 1；And the size of the brush electricity wheel 3 is less than the telescopic arm 1 of electric automobile 4
The size of outlet, is easy to that the device of whole power taking will be received into electric automobile 4 again；
The middle position of bottom in the groove of the electric groove 2 of brush is provided with conductor rail, and the groove of the electric groove 2 of the brush
Two side be made up of insulating materials；
Roller bearing is additionally provided with the madial wall of the electric groove 2 of brush, by setting roller bearing respectively on the two side 22 in groove,
The roller bearing, which is adopted, to be made from an insulative material, and is realized when the electric wheel group 3 of brush is moved, the electric wheel group 3 of brush is carried out upper and lower spacing, it is to avoid
The electric wheel group 3 of brush deviates on the electric groove of brush 2 power taking portion；
The outside of the electric wheel group 3 of brush sets a longitudinal restraint wheel 7 respectively, can be slided along the upper and lower frame of E shape grooves
OK, with ensure vehicle it is upper and lower jolt concussion when, the electric wheel group of constraint brush is not derailed in brush electric rail groove all the time, to ensure vehicle
It is upper and lower jolt concussion when, the electric wheel group of constraint brush is slided in brush electric rail groove all the time does not overstep the limit；
Damping device is additionally provided with the telescopic arm 1, the damping device can be adjustable spring, be realized by adjustable spring
Shock-absorbing function, while the groove flexible contact with the electric groove 2 of brush of the electric wheel group 3 of brush can be realized, also can be used other flexible materials,
Alleviate impact of the electric wheel group 3 of brush when engaging with the electric groove 2 of wireless continuation of the journey to each part, while ensure that effective progress of power taking.
With reference to accompanying drawing 6 and Fig. 7, in second embodiment of the invention, the electric wheel group 3 of brush has two groups, respectively based on brush
Electric wheel group and the electric wheel group of pair brush, pair brush electricity wheel group are driven by the motor push rod on telescopic arm, and the main electric wheel group of brush and pair are brushed
Electric wheel group is located on the telescopic arm, and the secondary brushing piece group is provided with tensioning mechanism 8, and the tensioning mechanism 8 includes connecting rod one, connected
Bar two and extension spring, one end of the connecting rod one is provided with the secondary electric wheel group of brush, the other end and the rod hinge connection, the connecting rod one
It is connected by extension spring with the connecting rod two, realizes that connecting rod one and the tension of connecting rod two are connected, while can realizes that the electric wheel group of secondary brush exists
Flexible contact is realized when being contacted with the electric groove of brush, while improving the electric wheel group of secondary brush and the compactness of the electric groove of brush；And the electric pushrod
The end of expansion link and the connecting rod two of the electric wheel group group brush electricity wheel of the secondary brush brush electricity wheel brush electricity wheel and be hinged, pass through electric pushrod band
The rotation of the dynamic secondary electric wheel group brush electricity wheel of brush so that the electric wheel group group brush electricity wheel of main brush and the electric wheel group brush electricity wheel of secondary brush are before side
Position is set afterwards；And the main electric wheel group of brush and the electric wheel group of secondary brush are connected in parallel, when one of brush electricity wheel group x brush spaced points or
Other reasons surprisingly of short duration derailing when, another brush electricity wheel group y may greatly throw away it is in-orbit continue to brush electricity, according to the original in parallel of circuit
Manage, now the electric wheel group of main brush will not produce electric arc sparking damage brush electricity system again with being voltage equipotentiality body on conductor rail during rerail
System, is realized from conductor rail wheel brush, and using double swipes electricity, it is to avoid because the power taking rail of freeway net is supplied using segmentation tracking
When electricity or power taking rail have smooth defect, it is easily caused instant cut-off and produces the situation that electric arc endangers so that wireless continuation of the journey
Brush electricity safely and effectively complete.
The method of work and operation principle of the present invention is to set brush motor structure by the side of electric automobile again, is particularly existed
To the brush electricity of electric automobile in motion process, it is not necessary to stopping for charging, each part, which is installed and safeguarded, more to be facilitated, it is achieved thereby that
The unlimited continuation of the journey of electric automobile.When not enough power supply of the electric automobile 4 in motion process, electric automobile 4 need to only be driven to
Near the electric groove 2 of side brush, start telescopic arm 1 and stretched out from the left side of electric automobile 4, electric automobile 4 is close to the electric groove 2 of brush again, stretches
Zero line brush electricity wheel and live wire brush electricity wheel 31,32 on contracting arm 1 are contacted with the electric groove 2 of brush respectively, and by brushing the electric groove 2 of electricity wheel 3 and brush
Be in rolling contact, realize brush electricity wheel 3 brush Electricity Functional；When electric automobile 4 brushes electricity, pack up telescopic arm 1 and enter electric automobile 4
In, the flexible of telescopic arm 1 can be realized by electric pushrod, charging is completed.
The side that electric groove 2 may be disposed at road is brushed described in text, the top and bottom position of electric automobile is also may be disposed at,
Only need to realize the top and bottom position with electric automobile by setting rotational structure on the telescopic arm 1 on electric automobile 4
The electric groove 2 of brush put brushes electricity, and rotational structure can be realized to electric rotating by setting electric rotating machine and one end of telescopic arm 1 to be connected
Machine power control rotates, so as to realize the rotation of telescopic arm 1；The tune of the multiple mounting modes of the electric groove 2 of brush can certainly be realized
Section, easier for installation, the scope of application is wider；And power taking is connected with the electric power system of filling of electric automobile 4 by the electric groove 2 of brush, brush
Electric groove 2 has two, is connected respectively with filling the live wire and zero line of electric power system, and the electric wheel group of brush includes two brush electricity wheels, two brush electricity
Wheel is connected with the battery positive and negative electrode of electric automobile 4 respectively, is contacted by the live wire and zero line of brushing the electric groove 2 of electricity wheel and brush
That connects power supply electrical automobile fills electric power system, realizes the charging to the battery of electric automobile 4, realizes the movement of electric automobile 4
The present invention can realize the unlimited continuation of the journey of electric automobile, and the people of driver one can easy manipulation, completion brush Electricity Functional, knot
Structure is simple, with low cost, due to taking a brushing piece to be charged with power taking groove using being in rolling contact in brush electric process, greatly reduces
The loss of the directly contact component such as the electric groove of brush and brush electricity wheel, and it is safe, it is simple and practical, charging equipment is simplified, greatly
The big economic benefit for improving charging electric vehicle, it is easy to maintenance convenient, substantially increase electric automobile operating efficiency and popularization
Prospect, is adapted to be widely popularized.
It should be noted that herein, such as first and second or the like relational terms are used merely to a reality
Body or operation make a distinction with another entity or operation, and not necessarily require or imply these entities or deposited between operating
In any this actual relation or order.Moreover, term " comprising ", "comprising" or its any other variant are intended to
Nonexcludability is included, so that process, method, article or equipment including a series of key elements not only will including those
Element, but also other key elements including being not expressly set out, or also include being this process, method, article or equipment
Intrinsic key element.In the absence of more restrictions, the key element limited by sentence "including a ...", it is not excluded that
Also there is other identical element in process, method, article or equipment including the key element.
The above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical solutions of the present invention, rather than its limitations；Although with reference to the foregoing embodiments
The present invention is described in detail, it will be understood by those within the art that：It still can be to foregoing each implementation
Technical scheme described in example is modified, or carries out equivalent substitution to which part technical characteristic；And these modification or
Replace, the essence of appropriate technical solution is departed from the spirit and scope of various embodiments of the present invention technical scheme.