CN107200552A - Daily resistance to dry combustion method ceramics and its manufacturing process - Google Patents

Daily resistance to dry combustion method ceramics and its manufacturing process Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107200552A
CN107200552A CN201710277170.8A CN201710277170A CN107200552A CN 107200552 A CN107200552 A CN 107200552A CN 201710277170 A CN201710277170 A CN 201710277170A CN 107200552 A CN107200552 A CN 107200552A
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parts
resistance
dry combustion
glaze
ceramic
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CN201710277170.8A
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陈志强
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福建省德化县九鼎陶瓷有限公司
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Publication of CN107200552A publication Critical patent/CN107200552A/en

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    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
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Abstract

The invention belongs to ceramic ware for daily use field, specifically, it is related to a kind of daily resistance to dry combustion method ceramics and manufacturing process.This kind of daily resistance to dry combustion method ceramics, including the base substrate of resistance to dry combustion method and the glaze of resistance to dry combustion method.This kind of daily resistance to dry combustion method ceramics are tightly combined by the ceramic body of resistance to dry combustion method and the glaze layer for the ceramic glaze of resistance to dry combustion method, the glazed thickness for the ceramic glaze of resistance to dry combustion method is 0.5 0.8mm, can naked light dry combustion method at high temperature, it is resistant to 900 DEG C of high temperature above, and thermal coefficient of expansion is minimum, thermal shock resistance is excellent, is resistant to 900 20 DEG C of heat exchanges more than 30 times without splitting, water absorption rate is below 0.003%;This kind of daily resistance to dry combustion method ceramic process is adjusted by raw material components, improve the compactness extent of base substrate, base substrate keeps complete during glazing, it is tightly combined, it can be achieved to exempt from biscuiting, once form by a firing, energy consumption can reduce by more than 40%, fuel consumption and fuel cost are not only reduced, and is played an important roll for energy-saving and emission-reduction.

Description

Daily resistance to dry combustion method ceramics and its manufacturing process
Technical field
The invention belongs to ceramic ware for daily use field, specifically, it is related to a kind of daily resistance to dry combustion method ceramics and manufacturing process.
Background technology
The daily ceramics of resistance to dry combustion method refer to pottery unloaded dry combustion method in certain temperature, and ceramic material, which is occurred without, to be burst now As.Made pottery as application publication number discloses a kind of resistance to dry combustion method for CN105130387A a kind of ceramics of resistance to dry combustion method and preparation method thereof Porcelain, this kind of resistance to dry combustion method ceramics, with postponing, are directly formed by a firing base substrate by raw material, and the ceramic water absorption rate of prepared resistance to dry combustion method is 0.8-1.2%, dry combustion method heat resisting temperature is 400-450 DEG C.
The heat resisting temperature of existing general heat-stable ceramic is typically only capable to reach 400-600 DEG C, and consumer is made pottery using such During ceramic products, usually food materials are fast ripe, and ceramic also just splits, and not only wastes food materials, it may have great potential safety hazard.For Solve the above problems, existing Production of Ceramics enterprise development has gone out the higher domestic ceramics of heat resistance, such as application publication number is CN102320813A patent of invention discloses a kind of heat-resistant ceramic edible vessel and its production method that can be burnt on naked light, By high heat-resisting ceramic by being formulated the improvement constituted, produce a kind of heat resistance and can reach 800 DEG C, be resistant to 800 DEG C -20 DEG C The edible utensil that heat exchange is not burst once in water.Spodumene, which is added, makes that the coefficient of expansion of porcelain is low, heat resistance is good, but equally The addition of spodumene just necessarily causes the ratio of kaolin and clay to decline, if the base substrate of high lithium content directly soaks glaze, can lead Cause the scattered of base substrate, it is impossible to shape, therefore the daily dry combustion method ceramics of existing glazing must be first passed through after one of biscuiting technological forming Energy glazing, resintering, further, since the combination of glaze and blank, which goes out, has gap, the existing therefore rest porcelain of resistance to dry combustion method, therefore Can only heat exchange once.
And for example application publication number discloses a kind of high heat-resisting ceramic and its preparation for the A of CN 102515715 patent of invention Method, this kind of high heat-resisting ceramic is by being formulated the improvement constituted, and when making, high heat-resisting ceramic surface not glazing is resistant to it 800-20 DEG C of heat exchange ten times is without splitting, and this kind of high heat-resisting ceramic uses constant, easy damage due to the protection without glaze layer It is bad, be unfavorable for cleaning and it is attractive in appearance.
So if the limitation in technique can be overcome, a kind of i.e. energy-conserving and environment-protective are developed again easy to use daily resistance to dry The ceramic ware for daily use of burning, the need for can not only meeting consumer, there is positive meaning to energy-saving and emission-reduction, environmental protection.
The content of the invention
In order to solve the above problems, the invention provides the daily resistance to dry combustion method ceramics of one kind and manufacturing process.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides a kind of daily resistance to dry combustion method ceramics, including the base substrate of resistance to dry combustion method and the glaze of resistance to dry combustion method Material, the parts by weight for the ceramic body of resistance to dry combustion method are as follows:Quartzy 20-30 parts, 15-20 parts of spodumene, kaolin 15-20 parts of Yunnan, thoroughly 10-20 parts of lithium feldspar, 10-20 parts of attaclay, 1-5 parts of bentonite, 1-5 parts of mullite, aluminum oxide 1-5,1-5 parts of cordierite, 1-5 parts of potassium feldspar, 1-5 parts of smolmitza;The parts by weight for the ceramic glaze of resistance to dry combustion method are as follows:30-40 parts of spodumene, calcining spodumene 10-15 parts, 5-10 parts of colorant, 5-10 parts of quartz, 5-10 parts of bone meal, 5-10 parts of dolomite, 1-5 parts of talcum, 1-5 parts of Guizhou clay, 1-5 parts of zirconium oxide, 1-5 parts of zinc oxide, 1-5 parts of calcite, 1-5 parts of pyrophillite, 1-3 parts of barium.
Optimization, the parts by weight for the ceramic body of resistance to dry combustion method are as follows:Quartz 22 parts, 18 parts of spodumene, 17 parts of Yunnan kaolin, It is 12 parts of petalite, 12 parts of attaclay, 3 parts of bentonite, 5 parts of mullite, aluminum oxide 4,2 parts of cordierite, 2 parts of potassium feldspar, black 3 parts of clay.
Optimization, the parts by weight for the ceramic glaze of resistance to dry combustion method are as follows:32 parts of spodumene, calcining 11 parts of spodumene, 8 parts of colorant, 9 parts of quartz, 8 parts of bone meal, 8 parts of dolomite, 4 parts of talcum, 3 parts of Guizhou clay, 5 parts of zirconium oxide, 4 parts of zinc oxide, 2 parts of calcite, leaf Cured 4 parts of stone, 2 parts of barium.
Optimization, the parts by weight for the ceramic body of resistance to dry combustion method are as follows:Quartz 21 parts, 18 parts of spodumene, 16 parts of Yunnan kaolin, It is 13 parts of petalite, 10 parts of attaclay, 4 parts of bentonite, 3 parts of mullite, aluminum oxide 3,3 parts of cordierite, 4 parts of potassium feldspar, black 5 parts of clay.
Optimization, the parts by weight for the ceramic glaze of resistance to dry combustion method are as follows:36 parts of spodumene, calcining 12 parts of spodumene, 6 parts of colorant, 8 parts of quartz, 7 parts of bone meal, 4 parts of talcum, 6 parts of dolomite, 5 parts of Guizhou clay, 4 parts of zirconium oxide, 2 parts of zinc oxide, 3 parts of calcite, leaf Cured 4 parts of stone, 3 parts of barium.
The manufacturing process of daily resistance to dry combustion method ceramics, it is characterised in that prepare the daily resistance to dry combustion method described in above-mentioned any one Ceramics, are comprised the following steps that:
Step 1, weighed by the raw material components for the ceramic body of resistance to dry combustion method, by quartz, spodumene, petalite, attaclay, Mullite, cordierite, potassium feldspar first add and wet ball mill are carried out in ball mill, 10-15 hours, by Yunnan kaolin, bentonite, oxygen Change aluminium and add regrinding 3-5 hours in ball mill, obtain mud;
Step 2, weighed by the raw material components for the ceramic glaze of resistance to dry combustion method, add raw materials into mixing and ball milling 40-45 in ball mill Hour, cross 300 mesh sieves and obtain the ceramic glaze of resistance to dry combustion method;
Step 3, ceramic body is made in the mud that step 1 is obtained;
Step 4, after body drying, the ceramic glaze of resistance to dry combustion method is applied in billet surface;
Step 5, after after glaze drying, base substrate is put into kiln and formed by a firing, firing temperature is 1310 DEG C -1330 DEG C.
Further, the raw material in step 1:Ball:Water=1:1.2-1.5:0.8.
Further, the raw material in step 2:Ball:Water=1:1.2:0.8-0.6.
Further, the iron in glaze slip is removed after the glaze slip of step 2 is made using magnetic separator.
Further, the glazing mode in step 3 is leaching glaze, and leaching glaze is at least twice, adjacent to soak glaze interval 10-15 seconds, and The leaching glaze time once is more than the previous leaching glaze time afterwards.
Compared with the existing, this kind of daily resistance to dry combustion method ceramics are logical for the daily resistance to dry combustion method ceramics and manufacturing process that the present invention is provided Being tightly combined for the ceramic body of resistance to dry combustion method and the glaze layer for the ceramic glaze of resistance to dry combustion method is crossed, the glazed thickness for the ceramic glaze of resistance to dry combustion method is 0.5- 0.8mm, can naked light dry combustion method at high temperature, obtained ceramic pot product is detected:900 DEG C of high temperature above are resistant to, and heat is swollen Swollen coefficient is minimum, and thermal shock resistance is excellent, is resistant to 900-20 DEG C of heat exchange more than 30 times without splitting, water absorption rate exists Less than 0.003%;This kind of daily resistance to dry combustion method ceramic process passes through heat-resisting dry combustion method ceramic body and heat-resisting dry combustion method ceramic glaze Raw material components be adjusted, improve the compactness extent of base substrate, base substrate keeps complete during glazing, is tightly combined, can be real Now exempt from biscuiting, once form by a firing, energy consumption can reduce by more than 40%, not only reduce fuel consumption and fuel cost, and it is right Play an important roll in energy-saving and emission-reduction.
Embodiment
Below by way of embodiment, the invention will be further described.
Daily resistance to dry combustion method ceramics, including the base substrate of resistance to dry combustion method and the glaze of resistance to dry combustion method, the parts by weight for the ceramic body of resistance to dry combustion method are as follows: Quartzy 20-30 parts, 15-20 parts of spodumene, kaolin 15-20 parts of Yunnan, 10-20 parts of petalite, 10-20 parts of attaclay, 1-5 parts of bentonite, 1-5 parts of mullite, aluminum oxide 1-5,1-5 parts of cordierite, 1-5 parts of potassium feldspar;
The parts by weight for the ceramic glaze of resistance to dry combustion method are as follows:30-40 parts of spodumene, 10-15 parts of spodumene of calcining, colorant 5-10 Part, 5-10 parts of quartz, 5-10 parts of bone meal, 1-5 parts of talcum, 5-10 parts of dolomite, 1-5 parts of Guizhou clay, 1-5 parts of zirconium oxide, oxidation 1-5 parts of zinc, 1-5 parts of calcite, 1-3 parts of barium.
Specific embodiment one:Daily resistance to dry combustion method ceramics, are made flat heat-stable ceramic pan, including the ceramic body of resistance to dry combustion method and The ceramic glaze of resistance to dry combustion method imposed on outside the ceramic body of resistance to dry combustion method, wherein
The parts by weight for the ceramic body of resistance to dry combustion method are as follows:The parts by weight for the ceramic body of resistance to dry combustion method are as follows:Quartzy 22 parts, spodumene 18 parts, 17 parts of Yunnan kaolin, 12 parts of petalite, 12 parts of attaclay, 3 parts of bentonite, 5 parts of mullite, aluminum oxide 4, violet 2 parts of green stone, 2 parts of potassium feldspar, 3 parts of smolmitza;
The parts by weight for the ceramic glaze of resistance to dry combustion method are as follows:32 parts of spodumene, 11 parts of spodumene of calcining, 8 parts of colorant, quartz 9 Part, 8 parts of bone meal, 8 parts of dolomite, 4 parts of talcum, 3 parts of Guizhou clay, 5 parts of zirconium oxide, 4 parts of zinc oxide, 2 parts of calcite, pyrophillite 4 Part, 2 parts of barium.
The manufacturing process of daily resistance to dry combustion method ceramics, it is characterised in that prepare above-mentioned flat heat-stable ceramic pan, specific step It is rapid as follows:
Step 1, weighed by the raw material components for the ceramic body of resistance to dry combustion method, by quartz, spodumene, petalite, attaclay, Mullite, cordierite, potassium feldspar, which are first added, carries out wet ball mill, raw material in ball mill:Ball:Water=1:1.3:0.8, ball milling 11 is small When, Yunnan kaolin, bentonite, aluminum oxide are added in ball mill and regrind 4 hours, mud is obtained;
Step 2, weighed by the raw material components for the ceramic glaze of resistance to dry combustion method, add raw materials into mixing and ball milling in ball mill, raw material: Ball:Water=1:1.2:0.8, ball milling 42 hours crosses 300 mesh sieves and obtains the ceramic glaze of resistance to dry combustion method, glaze slip uses magnetic separator after being made Remove the iron in glaze slip;
Step 3, ceramic body is made in the mud that step 1 is obtained;
Step 4, after body drying, the ceramic glaze of resistance to dry combustion method is applied in billet surface, glazing mode is leaching glaze, soaks glaze three times, Adjacent leaching 2 seconds, adjacent leaching glaze interval 10-15 seconds, are soaking glaze once, secondary leaching glaze time is 5 seconds for the first time, between adjacent leaching glaze Every 10-15 seconds, secondary leaching glaze time was 7 seconds in leaching glaze once;
Step 5, after after glaze drying, base substrate is put into kiln and formed by a firing, firing temperature is 1310 DEG C of
Specific embodiment two:
Daily resistance to dry combustion method ceramics, are made thermal-resisting ceramic vessel, including the ceramic body of resistance to dry combustion method and impose on the ceramic body of resistance to dry combustion method The outer ceramic glaze of resistance to dry combustion method,
The parts by weight for the ceramic body of resistance to dry combustion method are as follows:The parts by weight for the ceramic body of resistance to dry combustion method are as follows:Quartzy 21 parts, spodumene 18 parts, 16 parts of Yunnan kaolin, 13 parts of petalite, 10 parts of attaclay, 4 parts of bentonite, 3 parts of mullite, aluminum oxide 3, violet 3 parts of green stone, 4 parts of potassium feldspar, 5 parts of smolmitza;
The parts by weight for the ceramic glaze of resistance to dry combustion method are as follows:The parts by weight for the ceramic glaze of resistance to dry combustion method are as follows:36 parts of spodumene, forge Burn 12 parts of spodumene, 6 parts of colorant, quartz 8 parts, 7 parts of bone meal, 4 parts of talcum, 6 parts of dolomite, 5 parts of Guizhou clay, 4 parts of zirconium oxide, 2 parts of zinc oxide, 3 parts of calcite, 4 parts of pyrophillite, 3 parts of barium.
The manufacturing process of the above-mentioned ceramic level land pan of daily resistance to dry combustion method, it is characterised in that prepare above-mentioned thermal-resisting ceramic vessel, Comprise the following steps that:
Step 1, weighed by the raw material components for the ceramic body of resistance to dry combustion method, by quartz, spodumene, petalite, attaclay, Mullite, cordierite, potassium feldspar, which are first added, carries out wet ball mill, raw material in ball mill:Ball:Water=1:1.5:0.8, ball milling 12 is small When, Yunnan kaolin, bentonite, aluminum oxide are added in ball mill and regrind 5 hours, mud is obtained;
Step 2, weighed by the raw material components for the ceramic glaze of resistance to dry combustion method, add raw materials into mixing and ball milling in ball mill, raw material: Ball:Water=1:1.2:0.7, ball milling 40 hours crosses 300 mesh sieves and obtains the ceramic glaze of resistance to dry combustion method, glaze slip uses magnetic separator after being made Remove the iron in glaze slip;
Step 3, ceramic body is made in the mud that step 1 is obtained;
Step 4, after body drying, the ceramic glaze of resistance to dry combustion method is applied in billet surface, glazing mode is leaching glaze, soaks glaze twice, Adjacent leaching 5 seconds, adjacent leaching glaze interval 12 seconds, are soaking glaze once, secondary leaching glaze time is 8 seconds for the first time;
Step 5, after after glaze drying, base substrate is put into kiln and formed by a firing, firing temperature is 1330 DEG C.
This kind of ceramic body of resistance to dry combustion method is tightly combined with the glaze layer for the ceramic glaze of resistance to dry combustion method, the glaze thickness for the ceramic glaze of resistance to dry combustion method Spend for 0.5-0.8mm, can naked light dry combustion method at high temperature, obtained ceramic pot product is detected:It is resistant to more than 900 DEG C high Temperature, and thermal coefficient of expansion is minimum, thermal shock resistance is excellent, is resistant to 900-20 DEG C of heat exchange more than 30 times without splitting, water suction Rate is below 0.003%.The original that this kind of daily resistance to dry combustion method ceramics pass through heat-resisting dry combustion method ceramic body and heat-resisting dry combustion method ceramic glaze Material component is adjusted, and improves the compactness extent of base substrate, and base substrate keeps complete during glazing, is tightly combined, can be achieved to exempt from Biscuiting, is once formed by a firing, and energy consumption can reduce by more than 40%, not only reduces fuel consumption and fuel cost, and for section Energy emission reduction plays an important roll.
The embodiment of the present invention is above are only, but the design concept of the present invention is not limited thereto, it is all to utilize this Conceive the change that unsubstantiality is carried out to the present invention, the behavior for invading the scope of the present invention all should be belonged to.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of daily resistance to dry combustion method ceramics, it is characterised in that:Including the base substrate of resistance to dry combustion method and the glaze of resistance to dry combustion method,
The parts by weight for the ceramic body of resistance to dry combustion method are as follows:Quartzy 20-30 parts, 15-20 parts of spodumene, kaolin 15-20 parts of Yunnan, thoroughly 10-20 parts of lithium feldspar, 10-20 parts of attaclay, 1-5 parts of bentonite, 1-5 parts of mullite, aluminum oxide 1-5,1-5 parts of cordierite, 1-5 parts of potassium feldspar, 1-5 parts of smolmitza;
The parts by weight for the ceramic glaze of resistance to dry combustion method are as follows:30-40 parts of spodumene, 10-15 parts of spodumene of calcining, 5-10 parts of colorant, stone 5-10 parts of English, 5-10 parts of bone meal, 5-10 parts of dolomite, 1-5 parts of talcum, 1-5 parts of Guizhou clay, 1-5 parts of zirconium oxide, zinc oxide 1-5 Part, 1-5 parts of calcite, 1-5 parts of pyrophillite, 1-3 parts of barium.
2. daily resistance to dry combustion method ceramics according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The parts by weight of the ceramic body of resistance to dry combustion method It is as follows:Quartz 22 parts, 18 parts of spodumene, 17 parts of Yunnan kaolin, 12 parts of petalite, 12 parts of attaclay, 3 parts of bentonite, 5 parts of mullite, aluminum oxide 4,2 parts of cordierite, 2 parts of potassium feldspar, 3 parts of smolmitza.
3. daily resistance to dry combustion method ceramics according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:The weight of the ceramic glaze of resistance to dry combustion method Measure part as follows:32 parts of spodumene, calcining 11 parts of spodumene, 8 parts of colorant, quartz 9 parts, 8 parts of bone meal, 8 parts of dolomite, 4 parts of talcum, 3 parts of Guizhou clay, 5 parts of zirconium oxide, 4 parts of zinc oxide, 2 parts of calcite, 4 parts of pyrophillite, 2 parts of barium.
4. daily resistance to dry combustion method ceramics according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The parts by weight of the ceramic body of resistance to dry combustion method It is as follows:Quartz 21 parts, 18 parts of spodumene, 16 parts of Yunnan kaolin, 13 parts of petalite, 10 parts of attaclay, 4 parts of bentonite, 3 parts of mullite, aluminum oxide 3,3 parts of cordierite, 4 parts of potassium feldspar, 5 parts of smolmitza.
5. the daily resistance to dry combustion method ceramics according to claim 1 or 4, it is characterised in that:The weight of the ceramic glaze of resistance to dry combustion method Measure part as follows:36 parts of spodumene, calcining 12 parts of spodumene, 6 parts of colorant, quartz 8 parts, 7 parts of bone meal, 4 parts of talcum, 6 parts of dolomite, 5 parts of Guizhou clay, 4 parts of zirconium oxide, 2 parts of zinc oxide, 3 parts of calcite, 4 parts of pyrophillite, 3 parts of barium.
6. day with the manufacturing process of resistance to dry combustion method ceramics, it is characterised in that prepare the day described in any one described in claim 1-5 With resistance to dry combustion method ceramics, comprise the following steps that:
Step 1, weighed by the raw material components for the ceramic body of resistance to dry combustion method, by quartz, spodumene, petalite, attaclay, Mo Lai Stone, cordierite, potassium feldspar first add and wet ball mill are carried out in ball mill, 10-15 hours, by Yunnan kaolin, bentonite, aluminum oxide Add in ball mill and regrind 3-5 hours, obtain mud;
Step 2, weigh, add raw materials into ball mill mixing and ball milling 40-45 hours by the raw material components for the ceramic glaze of resistance to dry combustion method, Cross 300 mesh sieves and obtain the ceramic glaze of resistance to dry combustion method;
Step 3, ceramic body is made in the mud that step 1 is obtained;
Step 4, after body drying, the ceramic glaze of resistance to dry combustion method is applied in billet surface;
Step 5, after after glaze drying, base substrate is put into kiln and formed by a firing, firing temperature is 1310 DEG C -1330 DEG C.
7. the manufacturing process of daily resistance to dry combustion method ceramics according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:Original in the step 1 Material:Ball:Water=1:1.2-1.5:0.8.
8. the manufacturing process of daily resistance to dry combustion method ceramics according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:Original in the step 2 Material:Ball:Water=1:1.2:0.8-0.6.
9. the manufacturing process of daily resistance to dry combustion method ceramics according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:The glaze slip of the step 2 After being made the iron in glaze slip is removed using magnetic separator.
10. the manufacturing process of daily resistance to dry combustion method ceramics according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:Applying in the step 3 Glaze mode is leaching glaze, leaching glaze at least twice, adjacent leaching glaze interval 10-15 second, and after leaching glaze time once more than previous Soak the glaze time.
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CN107827433A (en) * 2017-11-11 2018-03-23 福建省德化县优扬工艺品有限公司 A kind of middle low-temperature sintering ceramic product and its manufacturing process
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CN108002810A (en) * 2017-12-12 2018-05-08 德化东华陶瓷有限公司 Introduce high heat-resisting full porcelain and its manufacturing process prepared by Dehua camwood knag soil
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CN108715539A (en) * 2018-06-15 2018-10-30 江西嘉逸陶瓷有限公司 A kind of brown glaze thermal-resisting ceramic vessel and preparation method thereof
CN108793952A (en) * 2018-07-01 2018-11-13 醴陵市三塘瓷业有限公司 A kind of preparation method of lithium ceramic
CN108793990B (en) * 2018-07-06 2020-04-17 福建省德化县嘉威陶瓷有限公司 Ceramic product with high cold resistance and heat resistance and preparation process thereof
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CN108892475A (en) * 2018-08-01 2018-11-27 江西帮企陶瓷有限公司 A kind of preparation method of black glaze thermal-resisting ceramic vessel
CN109851325A (en) * 2019-01-21 2019-06-07 福建省威尔陶瓷股份有限公司 A kind of high heat-resisting ceramic product and preparation method thereof
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