CN107159943A - A kind of digital control type based on PLC is accurately positioned planer-type milling machine - Google Patents

A kind of digital control type based on PLC is accurately positioned planer-type milling machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107159943A
CN107159943A CN201710541393.0A CN201710541393A CN107159943A CN 107159943 A CN107159943 A CN 107159943A CN 201710541393 A CN201710541393 A CN 201710541393A CN 107159943 A CN107159943 A CN 107159943A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
vertical
head outer
workbench
milling head
plc
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710541393.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王江海
王昭旭
王昭洁
甘美琳
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shijiazhuang Hai Hong Heavy Industry Machinery Manufacturing Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Shijiazhuang Hai Hong Heavy Industry Machinery Manufacturing Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shijiazhuang Hai Hong Heavy Industry Machinery Manufacturing Co Ltd filed Critical Shijiazhuang Hai Hong Heavy Industry Machinery Manufacturing Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710541393.0A priority Critical patent/CN107159943A/en
Publication of CN107159943A publication Critical patent/CN107159943A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23CMILLING
    • B23C1/00Milling machines not designed for particular work or special operations
    • B23C1/002Gantry-type milling machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/01Frames, beds, pillars or like members; Arrangement of ways
    • B23Q1/012Portals
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q5/00Driving or feeding mechanisms; Control arrangements therefor
    • B23Q5/22Feeding members carrying tools or work
    • B23Q5/34Feeding other members supporting tools or work, e.g. saddles, tool-slides, through mechanical transmission

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Milling Processes (AREA)

Abstract

Planer-type milling machine is accurately positioned the invention provides a kind of digital control type based on PLC, including fixed seat, workbench, the column positioned at workbench both sides, the crossbeam being connected between two columns, vertical gantry boring and milling head outer and controller, the motor of vertical gantry boring and milling head outer is electrically connected with the controller, the workbench is with fixed seat to be slidably matched, and workbench one end is connected by the first ball-screw with servo longitudinal motor;Provided with horizontal ram between two column, vertical gantry boring and milling head outer is constituted with horizontal ram and is slidably matched, and vertical gantry boring and milling head outer is connected by the second ball-screw with horizontal servomotor;The 3rd ball-screw is equipped with two heel post, horizontal ram is constituted with column and is slidably connected, while the horizontal ram vertical movement of motor vertical driving.The present invention uses PLC, easy to operate, and the position for gantry boring and milling head outer that can oppose is accurately positioned, and improves the machining accuracy and processing efficiency of planer-type milling machine.

Description

A kind of digital control type based on PLC is accurately positioned planer-type milling machine
Technical field
The invention belongs to machinery equipment field, it is related to a kind of planer-type milling machine, more particularly to a kind of digital control type based on PLC It is accurately positioned planer-type milling machine.
Background technology
Planer-type milling machine abbreviation gantry mill, is the milling machine with portal frame and long horizontal lathe bed.It can be used on planer-type milling machine It is many milling cutter finished surface simultaneously, machining accuracy and production efficiency are all higher, it is adaptable to processed in batch and in a large amount of production The plane and inclined-plane of large-scale workpiece.Outside milling machine decapacitation milling plane, groove, the gear teeth, screw thread and splined shaft, moreover it is possible to which processing is more multiple Miscellaneous type face, efficiency is high compared with planer, is used widely in machine-building and repairing department.But traditional planer-type milling machine is most Using push-botton operation, positioning precision is poor, it is difficult to meet the required precision of processing component.
The content of the invention
There is provided a kind of easy to operate, pinpoint digital control type gantry mill of energy to solve prior art problem by the present invention Bed.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention is:A kind of digital control type based on PLC is accurately positioned planer-type milling machine, including fixation Seat, workbench, the column positioned at workbench both sides, the crossbeam being connected between two columns, vertical gantry boring and milling head outer and controller, institute The motor for stating vertical gantry boring and milling head outer is electrically connected with the controller, and the workbench is to be slidably matched with fixed seat, workbench one End is connected by the first ball-screw with servo longitudinal motor;Provided with horizontal ram between two column, stand gantry boring and milling head outer with Horizontal ram is constituted and is slidably matched, and the second ball-screw is provided with horizontal ram, founds gantry boring and milling head outer by the second ball-screw It is connected with horizontal servomotor;The 3rd ball-screw is equipped with two heel post, horizontal ram is by bottom dovetail guide The oat tail groove structure of structure and column coordinates composition to be slidably connected, while motor vertical drives by gear and the 3rd ball-screw Horizontal ram vertical movement;Vertical servo motor is further fixed on the crossbeam, vertical servo motor is by the 4th ball-screw It is connected with horizontal ram;The servo longitudinal motor, horizontal servomotor, vertical servo motor and motor vertical respectively with control Device electrical connection processed.
Further, the fixed seat is provided with pulley provided with slide rail, workbench bottom, and workbench is by slide rail and pulley Constitute and be slidably matched with fixed seat.
Further, vertical gantry boring and milling head outer is provided with neck, founds gantry boring and milling head outer by neck and horizontal ram structure Into being slidably matched.
Further, the controller is PLC.
Further, side gantry boring and milling head outer is additionally provided with the right side of the column.
The technique effect that the present invention is obtained is:The present invention uses PLC, easy to operate, and can oppose gantry boring and milling head outer Position be accurately positioned, improve planer-type milling machine machining accuracy and processing efficiency.The boring of side gantry is additionally provided with the right side of column Milling head, can also be to needing the part for carrying out outer surface processing to carry out milling.
The present invention is the improvement carried out on the basis of traditional machine tool, using the time timeliness of traditional machine tool, has been reached old The recycling of lathe, economizes on resources.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is schematic structural view of the invention.
Wherein 1 represents fixed seat, 2 represents workbench, 3 represent column, 4 represent crossbeam, 5 represent vertical gantry boring and milling head outer, 6 generations Table controller, 7 represent motor, 8 represent the first ball-screw, 9 represent servo longitudinal motor, 10 represent horizontal ram, 11 The second ball-screw is represented, 12 horizontal servomotor is represented, 13 represents the 3rd ball-screw, 14 represents vertical servo motor, 15 Represent slide rail, 16 represent side gantry boring and milling head outer.
Embodiment
The present invention is described in further detail with specific embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, the embodiment of description is only this A part of embodiment of invention, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art The every other embodiment obtained under the premise of creative work is not made, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
As shown in figure 1, a kind of digital control type based on PLC is accurately positioned planer-type milling machine, including fixed seat 1, workbench 2, position Column 3, the crossbeam 4 being connected between two columns 3, vertical gantry boring and milling head outer 5, PLC 6, column 3 in the both sides of workbench 2 Right side be additionally provided with side gantry boring and milling head outer 16, the motor 7 of vertical gantry boring and milling head outer 5 is electrically connected with controller 6, the work Make platform 2 with fixed seat 1 to be slidably matched, the one end of workbench 2 is connected by the first ball-screw 8 with servo longitudinal motor 9;It is described Provided with horizontal ram 10 between two columns 3, vertical gantry boring and milling head outer 5 is constituted with horizontal ram 10 and is slidably matched, set in horizontal ram 10 There is the second ball-screw 11, vertical gantry boring and milling head outer 5 is connected by the second ball-screw 11 with horizontal servomotor 12;The both sides The 3rd ball-screw 13 is equipped with column 3, horizontal ram 10 is by bottom dovetail guide structure and the oat tail groove structure of column 3 Composition is coordinated to be slidably connected, while motor vertical drives horizontal ram 10 to move vertically by gear and the 3rd ball-screw 13; Vertical servo motor 14 is further fixed on the crossbeam 4, vertical servo motor 14 is by the 4th ball-screw and horizontal ram 10 It is connected;The servo longitudinal motor 9, horizontal servomotor 12, vertical servo motor 14 and motor vertical respectively with controller 6 Electrical connection.The fixed seat 1 is provided with pulley provided with slide rail 15, the bottom of workbench 2, workbench 2 by slide rail 15 and pulley with Fixed seat 1 is constituted and is slidably matched.Vertical gantry boring and milling head outer 5 is provided with neck, founds gantry boring and milling head outer 5 by neck and horizontal ram 10 Composition is slidably matched.
When it is implemented, the operating of servo longitudinal motor 9 is controlled and adjusted by PLC 6, and then realization adds Lengthwise movement of Ministry of worker's part on workbench 2, makes processing component be transported to the lower section of vertical gantry boring and milling head outer 5;Then controlled again by PLC Operating of the device 6 processed respectively to motor vertical and vertical servo motor 14 is controlled and adjusted, and then to the height of horizontal ram 10 Degree carries out coarse adjustment and fine-tuned, and realizes being accurately positioned for the vertical height of gantry boring and milling head outer 5;Then again by 6 pairs of horizontal strokes of PLC To servomotor 12, and then the right position for gantry boring and milling head outer 5 that opposes is positioned, and to sum up realizes vertical gantry boring and milling head outer 5 Comprehensive quick, precise positioning, improves operating efficiency and machining accuracy.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of digital control type based on PLC is accurately positioned planer-type milling machine, including fixed seat (1), workbench (2), positioned at workbench (2) column (3) of both sides, the crossbeam (4) being connected between two columns (3), vertical gantry boring and milling head outer (5) and controller (6), described The motor (7) of vertical gantry boring and milling head outer (5) is electrically connected with controller (6), it is characterised in that:The workbench (2) is with fixing Seat (1) is is slidably matched, and workbench (2) one end is connected by the first ball-screw (8) with servo longitudinal motor (9);Described two Provided with horizontal ram (10) between column (3), vertical gantry boring and milling head outer (5) is constituted with horizontal ram (10) and is slidably matched, horizontal ram (10) the second ball-screw (11) is provided with, gantry boring and milling head outer (5) is found by the second ball-screw (11) and horizontal servomotor (12) it is connected;The 3rd ball-screw (13) is equipped with two heel post (3), horizontal ram (10) is by bottom dovetail guide Structure and the oat tail groove structure of column (3) coordinate composition to be slidably connected, while motor vertical is by gear and the 3rd ball-screw (13) horizontal ram (10) vertical movement is driven;Vertical servo motor (14), vertical servo electricity are further fixed on the crossbeam (4) Machine (14) is connected by the 4th ball-screw with horizontal ram (10);The servo longitudinal motor (9), horizontal servomotor (12), vertical servo motor (14) and motor vertical are respectively electrically connected with controller (6).
2. a kind of digital control type based on PLC is accurately positioned planer-type milling machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described solid Reservation (1) is provided with pulley provided with slide rail (15), workbench (2) bottom, and workbench (2) is by slide rail (15) and pulley and fixation Seat (1) is constituted and is slidably matched.
3. a kind of digital control type based on PLC is accurately positioned planer-type milling machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described vertical Gantry boring and milling head outer (5) is provided with neck, and vertical gantry boring and milling head outer (5) is constituted with horizontal ram (10) by neck and is slidably matched.
4. a kind of digital control type based on PLC is accurately positioned planer-type milling machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The control Device (6) processed is PLC.
5. a kind of digital control type based on PLC is accurately positioned planer-type milling machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described vertical Side gantry boring and milling head outer (16) is additionally provided with the right side of post (3).
CN201710541393.0A 2017-07-05 2017-07-05 A kind of digital control type based on PLC is accurately positioned planer-type milling machine Pending CN107159943A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201710541393.0A CN107159943A (en) 2017-07-05 2017-07-05 A kind of digital control type based on PLC is accurately positioned planer-type milling machine

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CN201710541393.0A CN107159943A (en) 2017-07-05 2017-07-05 A kind of digital control type based on PLC is accurately positioned planer-type milling machine

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114147489A (en) * 2021-10-19 2022-03-08 广州通发智能装备股份有限公司 Superheavy numerical control planer boring and milling machine
CN114310311A (en) * 2021-12-02 2022-04-12 广州通发智能装备股份有限公司 Five-axis milling and turning composite numerical control machine tool

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1158870A (en) * 1967-02-27 1969-07-23 Deckel Ag Friedrich Improvements relating to Universal Milling Machines
CN200948538Y (en) * 2006-10-10 2007-09-19 徐荣生 Numerical control planer milling machine
CN101134281A (en) * 2007-10-22 2008-03-05 丁继义 Combined numerical controlled machinery processing center
CN201331873Y (en) * 2008-12-18 2009-10-21 浙江天煌科技实业有限公司 Semi-physical model for planer
CN201613452U (en) * 2009-03-13 2010-10-27 深圳福斯特数控机床有限公司 Gantry type boring, milling and grinding combined numerical control machine
CN201711751U (en) * 2010-05-17 2011-01-19 山东鲁重数控机床股份有限公司 Digitally-controlled portal type walking beam double-face boring, milling and drilling machine tool
CN201856088U (en) * 2010-09-17 2011-06-08 王元庆 Moving beam type numerical control gantry combined machine tool
CN207154832U (en) * 2017-07-05 2018-03-30 石家庄海鸿重工机械制造有限公司 A kind of digital control type based on PLC is accurately positioned planer-type milling machine

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1158870A (en) * 1967-02-27 1969-07-23 Deckel Ag Friedrich Improvements relating to Universal Milling Machines
CN200948538Y (en) * 2006-10-10 2007-09-19 徐荣生 Numerical control planer milling machine
CN101134281A (en) * 2007-10-22 2008-03-05 丁继义 Combined numerical controlled machinery processing center
CN201331873Y (en) * 2008-12-18 2009-10-21 浙江天煌科技实业有限公司 Semi-physical model for planer
CN201613452U (en) * 2009-03-13 2010-10-27 深圳福斯特数控机床有限公司 Gantry type boring, milling and grinding combined numerical control machine
CN201711751U (en) * 2010-05-17 2011-01-19 山东鲁重数控机床股份有限公司 Digitally-controlled portal type walking beam double-face boring, milling and drilling machine tool
CN201856088U (en) * 2010-09-17 2011-06-08 王元庆 Moving beam type numerical control gantry combined machine tool
CN207154832U (en) * 2017-07-05 2018-03-30 石家庄海鸿重工机械制造有限公司 A kind of digital control type based on PLC is accurately positioned planer-type milling machine

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114147489A (en) * 2021-10-19 2022-03-08 广州通发智能装备股份有限公司 Superheavy numerical control planer boring and milling machine
CN114310311A (en) * 2021-12-02 2022-04-12 广州通发智能装备股份有限公司 Five-axis milling and turning composite numerical control machine tool

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Application publication date: 20170915

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