Planer-type boring and milling mill number of combinations controlled machine
Affiliated technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of Metal Cutting Machine Tool, particularly a kind of main planer type numerical control lathe as lathe manufacture process medial bed, guide pass, workbench half finish-milling, finish-milling, bore hole and grinding (plain grinding) manufacturing procedure.
Present building-block machine both domestic and external all is single boring and milling machine or grinding machine, but in the production and processing of reality, when the machining large workpiece (gantry machine tool all is based on the machining large workpiece usually), often need to process a plurality of, hole or same and will pass through roughing, semifinishing and fine finishining just can be finished.Just must process if carry out so many procedure of processing with different types of lathe, this has not only brought the kind on the equipment to increase problem to the operator, most importantly after workpiece is through the secondary clamping, centering must consume a large amount of non-cutting times to the reference for installation and the machining benchmark of preceding operation, has increased the processing and manufacturing cost.
Summary of the invention
Behind the secondary clamping that solves existing process equipment existence, thus a large amount of saving processing and manufacturing non-cutting time cost, the raising part processing precisions of centering benchmark consumption.The purpose of this utility model be to provide a kind of have mill, the planer-type number of combinations controlled machine of mill, three kinds of machining functions of boring, this building-block machine is when the machining large workpiece, can be behind the centering clamping by the manufacturing procedure requirement, respectively workpiece is carried out milling, grinding and boring processing, not only solved the skew centering problem of workpiece through machining benchmark point after the multiple clamping, also save a large amount of non-cutting times, improved the part processing quality, reduced manufacturing cost.
The utility model lathe is made up of numerical control unit, the digital control system of the side boring and milling head outer of installing on the two cover vertical feed rams of installing on lathe bed, left and right pillar, workbench, crossbeam and the crossbeam, peripheral bistrique and end mill head, the right column, each the parts work of control lathe; It is characterized in that having peripheral bistrique (the no traverse feed of independent vertical feed ram, traverse feed execution by end mill head), end mill head with independent vertical feed ram, end mill head passes through shaft coupling, the direct-connected drive of ball screw by the X-axis motor, side boring structure is installed on the right column, finishes knee-action by the V spindle motor by shaft coupling, the direct-connected drive of ball screw.Except carrying out the Milling Process of general planer-type milling machine, grinding axle and milling axle can also be fixed together by a connecting plate, by the X driven by motor, carry out the flat surface grinding processing of workpiece surface and side; The processing parts side need process if run into, and can also utilize the side boring head on the building-block machine right column to carry out milling, bore hole processing; And the lathe of originally organizing a performance is digital control, increases the appropriate functional annex and can also realize five-axle linkage, finishes polyhedron processing, improved working (machining) efficiency greatly.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are, by a clamping, carry out the processing of a plurality of operations, thereby have guaranteed the part precision requirement, have saved non-cutting time, reduce manufacturing cost.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and example the utility model is further specified.
Fig. 1 is an isometric front view of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is a front plan view of the present utility model.
Fig. 3 is the utility model grinding axle cutaway view A-A
Fig. 4 is the utility model milling axle cutaway view B-B
Among Fig. 1: bed piece 1, Y-axis drives AC servo motor 2, platen 3, milling spindle 4, left column 5, lathe bistrique 6, lathe crossbeam 7, bistrique slide 8, grinding axle and milling axle connecting plate 9, bistrique lifting shaft ram 10, bistrique lifting shaft (U axle) drives AC servo motor 11, milling axle (Z axle) lifting drives AC servo motor 12, lathe milling spindle motor 13, X-axis drives AC servo motor 14, milling head lifting shaft ram 15, milling head slide 16, side boring axle (V axle) lifting drives AC servo motor 17, right column 18, side boring axle lift slide 19, the side boring axle feeding drives AC servo motor 20, side boring axle feeding ram 21, side boring axle main spindle box 22.
Among Fig. 2: A-A is the position of analysing and observe of grinding axle, and B-B analyses and observe the position for the milling axle, grinding axle and milling axle connecting plate 9.
Among Fig. 3: lathe bistrique 6, bistrique slide 8, bistrique lifting shaft ram 10, bistrique lifting shaft drive AC servo motor 11, X-axis ball wire bar pair 24, bistrique lifting shaft ball wire bar pair 26.
Among Fig. 4: milling spindle 4, the lifting of milling axle drive AC servo motor 12, lathe milling spindle motor 13, milling head lifting shaft ram 15, milling head slide 16, milling shaft ball screw nut Submount 23, X-axis ball wire bar pair 24, milling lifting shaft ball wire bar pair 25.
The specific embodiment
By seeing among Fig. 1, this lathe is by lathe bed 1, left and right pillar 5,18, workbench 3, bistrique slide of installing on crossbeam 7 and the crossbeam 8 and milling head slide 16, numerical control unit, the digital control system of the side boring and milling head outer of installing on vertical feed ram, peripheral bistrique and end mill head, the right column, each the parts work of control lathe are formed.Workbench 3 is to be supported by the line slideway that is installed on the bed piece 1, does seesawing by Y-axis driving AC servo motor 2 direct-connected shaft couplings and ball screw assembly, connection workbench; Vertical milling head is to support by being installed in line slideway on the crossbeam 7 that milling head slide 16 and X-axis drive the direct-connected shaft coupling of AC servo motor and ball screw assembly,, supporting base 23 connects milling head slides 16 and does side-to-side movement; Vertical milling head self is to drive AC servo motor 12 direct-connected shaft couplings and ball screw assembly, and drive lifting shaft ram 15 move up and down (Fig. 4) by being installed in Z milling axle lifting on the milling head slide 16; Vertical bistrique is to support bistrique slide 8 by the line slideway that is installed on the crossbeam 7, does side-to-side movement (Fig. 2) by driving bistrique with milling head connecting plate 9; Vertical bistrique self is to drive AC servo motor 11 direct-connected shaft couplings and ball screw assembly, and drive lifting shaft ram 10 move up and down (Fig. 3) by being installed in bistrique lifting shaft (U axle) on the bistrique slide 8; Side boring and milling head outer mechanism is installed on the right column 18, connects side boring axle lift slide 19 by V axle driving AC servo motor 17 direct-connected shaft couplings and ball screw assembly, and moves up and down; The side boring and milling head outer self is to do left and right sides feed motion by the side boring axle feeding driving AC servo motor 20 direct-connected shaft couplings and the ball screw assembly, drive side boring axle feeding ram 21 that are installed on the side boring axle lift slide 19.