CN107143057B - A kind of building masonry structure and its construction method - Google Patents

A kind of building masonry structure and its construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107143057B
CN107143057B CN201710419225.4A CN201710419225A CN107143057B CN 107143057 B CN107143057 B CN 107143057B CN 201710419225 A CN201710419225 A CN 201710419225A CN 107143057 B CN107143057 B CN 107143057B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
component
building
construction
masonry
cast
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CN201710419225.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107143057A (en
Inventor
周炫
许彦明
赵炳利
于佩琴
赵万昆
徐琪姣
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中国砖瓦工业协会
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Priority to CN201710419225.4A priority Critical patent/CN107143057B/en
Publication of CN107143057A publication Critical patent/CN107143057A/en
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Publication of CN107143057B publication Critical patent/CN107143057B/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/04Walls having neither cavities between, nor in, the solid elements
    • E04B2/06Walls having neither cavities between, nor in, the solid elements using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position
    • E04B2/10Walls having neither cavities between, nor in, the solid elements using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position by filling material with or without reinforcements in small channels in, or in grooves between, the elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C1/00Building elements of block or other shape for the construction of parts of buildings

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of building masonry structures, it is built by the connection fastened to each other of multiple pre-cast building component components, each pre-cast building component component is made of muti-piece block for construction preprocessing, by transverse steel and vertical reinforcement through connection between muti-piece block for construction, and it is bonded mutually by masonry mortar.The present invention also provides the construction methods of the building masonry structure.Building masonry structure of the invention is attached at the construction field (site), assembles in the production that factory completes pre-cast building component component, easy construction, quick, more environmentally protective while greatling save human resources and low in cost, easy to spread application.

Description

A kind of building masonry structure and its construction method

Technical field

The present invention relates to technical field of building construction, more particularly to a kind of building masonry structure and its construction method.

Background technique

Traditional construction wall, generallys use brick or building block uses masonry of cement mortar at the construction field (site), and this mode is applied Work speed is slow, and personnel cost is high, and construction site cement mortar usage amount is big, and dust and solid waste yield are larger, ring of constructing Border is poor.

In European and American developed countries, mostly use at present high-strength plastic by prefabricated building components and fittings, component at the construction field (site) into Row assembling.While guaranteeing structural strength, speed of application is very fast, is greatly saved for this building structure by bonding assembling Human resources, and the use for the pollution higher buildings material such as reduce construction site cement, sandstone.But this glue price is high It is expensive, it is unfavorable for promoting and applying.

Therefore, a kind of building masonry structure how is founded, stabilized structure, easy construction, low in cost and be easy to is allowed to It promotes and applies, is those skilled in the art's urgent problem to be solved.

Summary of the invention

The invention solves first technical problem be to provide a kind of building masonry structure, be allowed to stabilized structure, construction Application easy, low in cost and easy to spread to overcome existing building masonry structure site operation cumbersome, and uses high-strength plastic Bonding mode involves great expense, and is unfavorable for the deficiency promoted.

The invention solves second technical problem be to provide the construction method of building masonry structure a kind of, be allowed to letter It is single, quick and environmentally protective, it uses traditional brick or building block to build at the construction field (site) using masonry of cement mortar to overcome, applies Work speed is slow, and personnel cost is high, seriously polluted deficiency.

In order to solve the above technical problems, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme:

A kind of building masonry structure is built, each by the connection fastened to each other of multiple pre-cast building component components The pre-cast building component component is made of muti-piece block for construction preprocessing, passes through transverse steel between the muti-piece block for construction With vertical reinforcement through connection, and it is bonded mutually by masonry mortar.

As a further improvement, be previously provided on the block for construction it is several wear muscle hole, the muscle hole of wearing includes perforation The transverse direction of the block for construction upper and lower surfaces vertically worn muscle hole and penetrate through the block for construction left and right side walls wears muscle hole, point The transverse steel and vertical reinforcement Yong Yu not worn.

The muscle hole of wearing is obtained by the punching acquisition when the block for construction is wet base, or by extruder extrusion ?.

The block for construction is building block, insulating brick, hollow brick or composite insulating brick.

Intersecting is arranged between the muti-piece block for construction of each pre-cast building component component.

The pre-cast building component component has smooth vertical edges, and muti-piece block for construction is arranged in the intersecting In, the block for construction at the pre-cast building component component vertical edges cuts smooth in advance.

The edge of the pre-cast building component component, shape are stretched out in the end of the transverse steel and the vertical reinforcement respectively At exposed splice, the splice is welded or bound mutually admittedly by corresponding between multiple pre-cast building component components Fixed connection.

Fastener is also equipped in the splice, the fastener is clamped on splice and pre-cast building component structure The junction at part edge.

It is filled by masonry mortar in gap after welding or binding between the pre- building subassembly component.

The construction method of the building masonry structure, comprising the following steps: A. prepares masonry mortar and described prefabricated builds Build component component;B. the pre-cast building component lifting component to installation site and is fixed temporarily;C. by contiguous prefabricated building The corresponding welding of exposed steel bar connector or binding and fixing between component component, then two pre-cast building component structures are filled with masonry mortar Gap between part.

After above-mentioned design, the present invention has at least the following advantages:

(1) building masonry structure is fixedly connected at the construction field (site) by multiple pre-cast building component components and is built, It constructs simple and direct, due to block for construction, reinforcing bar, masonry mortar relative low price, cost is relatively low, application easy to spread.

(2) block for construction, which is preset, laterally wears muscle hole with vertical, provides between block for construction a kind of feasible Connection type, provide a kind of feasible embodiment for pre-cast building component component.

(3) the muscle hole of wearing is obtained by punching on the wet base of block for construction, or is obtained by squeezing out block for construction, work Sequence is simple, is easily achieved.

(4) the pre-cast building component component is by selecting building block, insulating brick, hollow brick or composite insulating brick etc. are different to build Bulk is built, it can be achieved that different function, to meet a variety of demands.

(5) fastener is installed in the splice of pre-cast building component Member Lip, prefabricated build can be further increased The globality for building component component avoids the block for construction in transport and lifting from disintegration occur.

(6) it is achieved a fixed connection, is easy to by welding or binding exposed splice between pre-cast building component component It realizes, and bonding strength is high.

(7) construction method of the building masonry structure by hoisting prefabricated building subassembly component, welding or binds prefabricated build Build splice between component component, and the gap filling masonry mortar between pre-cast building component component and etc. come it is real The construction of existing building masonry structure, construction procedure is simple, quick, more environmentally protective while greatling save human resources.

Detailed description of the invention

The above is merely an overview of the technical solutions of the present invention, in order to better understand the technical means of the present invention, below In conjunction with attached drawing, the present invention is described in further detail with specific embodiment.

Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the pre-cast building component component of building masonry structure of the invention;

Wherein, 1: block for construction, 2: vertically wear muscle hole, 3: laterally wear muscle hole, 4: vertical reinforcement, 5: transverse steel.

Specific embodiment

The utility model provides a kind of building masonry structure, passes through multiple pre-cast building component component companies fastened to each other It connects and builds, each pre-cast building component component is made of muti-piece block for construction preprocessing.The pre-cast building component component By transverse steel and vertical reinforcement through connection between muti-piece block for construction, and it is adhered to one another by masonry mortar, and guaranteeing should While pre-cast building component element structure intensity, due to block for construction, reinforcing bar, masonry mortar relative low price, at This application lower, easy to spread.

Specifically, as shown in Figure 1, the pre-cast building component component in the present embodiment is by 1 intersecting of muti-piece block for construction Blocks made of masonry, pre-cast building component component shown in figure is integrally in cuboid, flat with surrounding up and down Whole edge.Wherein, lower edges are formed by several 1 horizontal stackings of block for construction, and left and right edges can be by that will correspond to position in advance The block for construction 1 set cut it is smooth, make the pre-cast building component component the left and right sides have smooth edge.

For the ease of the preparation of above-mentioned pre-cast building component component, be previously provided on the block for construction 1 it is several wear muscle hole, It is described wear muscle hole include penetrate through 1 upper and lower surfaces of block for construction vertically wear muscle hole 2 and the perforation block for construction 1 is left and right The transverse direction of side wall wears muscle hole 3.The muscle hole of wearing can be by the punching acquisition when the block for construction 1 is wet base, can also be by squeezing Machine, which squeezes out, out obtains, it is easy to accomplish.

In addition, the block for construction 1 can be flexible according to the installation site of pre-cast building component component and functional requirement difference The form of existing building block, insulating brick, hollow brick or composite insulating brick is selected, above-mentioned wears muscle hole as long as being provided with.It needs It is bright, it, can benefit since insulating brick, hollow brick and composite insulating brick have the hole through brick body in one direction Reinforcing bar is worn with hole, it is only necessary to which muscle hole is worn in setting in the other directions.Such as it can use insulating brick, hollow brick and answer One or more of the hole for closing insulating brick wears vertical reinforcement 4 (or transverse steel 5), is then only arranged in brick body and runs through The transverse direction of its left and right side walls wears muscle hole 3 (or setting vertically wears muscle hole 2 through its upper and lower surface), and hole also plays at this time Vertically wear the effect in muscle hole 2.

When preparing above-mentioned pre-cast building component component, in horizontal direction, need to make the cross between adjacent block for construction 1 It connects to muscle hole 3 is worn, then is worn in the transverse direction to connect and wear transverse steel 5 in muscle hole 3, on vertical direction, need to make adjacent Block for construction 1 between vertically wear muscle hole 2 and connect, then vertical reinforcement 4 is worn in muscle hole 2 in vertically wearing for connecting, from And block for construction 1 is made to realize mutual concatenation in the horizontal and vertical directions respectively.Meanwhile in order to increase block for construction Bonding strength between 1 is bonded mutually between each block for construction 1 concatenated mutually again by masonry mortar.

In the setting structure of above-mentioned pre-cast building component component, preferably, the end of the transverse steel 5 and vertical reinforcement 4 The edge of the pre-cast building component component is stretched out in portion respectively, forms several exposed splices.These splices are available Connection between realization pre-cast building component component.For example, constructing a certain constructing using the pre-cast building component component When structure, it can be fixedly connected by welding or assembling reinforcement connector between multiple pre-cast building component components, after welding or binding Pre-cast building component component between gap can be filled by masonry mortar.This connection type easy construction, stabilized structure. Further, in order to improve the globality and stability of the pre-cast building component component, block for construction 1 is avoided to fall off disintegration, Pre-cast building component component is set to be suitable for long-distance transport and handling, it is mountable tight in the splice of pre-cast building component Member Lip Firmware such as reinforcing bar clamp carries out clamping.

The present invention also provides a kind of construction method of building masonry structure, this method applies above-mentioned pre-cast building component structure Part realizes the building masonry structure, mainly comprises the steps that

A. prepare masonry mortar and the pre-cast building component component.

According to the shape and structure of building masonry structure before construction, it is pre-designed for assembling the pre- of the building masonry structure Producing building component component completes the production of pre-cast building component component in factory, and is transported to construction site.Meanwhile construction is existing Field prepares sufficient masonry mortar according to the size of construction volume.

B. the pre-cast building component lifting component to installation site and is fixed temporarily.

Falling speed is reduced on pre-cast building component lifting component to installation base surface at about 0.5 meter, by construction personnel to pre- Producing building component component carries out contraposition and righting, makes the accurate alignment fiducials line of pre-cast building component component, to improve prefabricated build Build the installation accuracy of component component.

After the completion of a certain pre-cast building component lifting component, it diagonal brace or bracket etc. can be used to be fixed temporarily equipment and built to prefabricated It builds component component to be fixed temporarily, then lifts next contiguous prefabricated building subassembly component to be connected again to corresponding positions It sets, implements connection.

C. by the corresponding welding of the exposed steel bar connector between contiguous prefabricated building subassembly component or binding and fixing, then with masonry Mortar fills the gap between two pre-cast building component components.

When practice of construction, pre-cast building component component constructs out final masonry structure as the interconnection of subelement part, When construction, pre-cast building component component can be analogous to the building method of brick or building block, can also be with such as using the fissure of displacement overlapped mode In such a way that neat seam connects, it is such as directed to the masonry structure of some small sizes.

When construction, template is built at the gap between pre-cast building component component, and masonry mortar is filled in template, Masonry mortar reaches form removal after some strength, carries out floating and health.According to actual needs, pre-cast building component component it Between gap at can also add reinforcing rib.

Other connection types can also be used between the pre-cast building component component, such as between pre-cast building component component Embedding brick connection.

Building masonry structure of the invention is pre-designed pre-cast building component component using building subassembly mode, in work Factory completes the production of pre-cast building component component, is attached, assembles at the construction field (site), easy construction, quick, greatlys save people It is more environmentally protective while power resource.Also, since pre-cast building component component mainly uses block for construction, reinforcing bar, masonry The raw material such as mortar are made, application low in cost, easy to spread.

The above described is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, be not intended to limit the present invention in any form, this Field technical staff makes a little simple modification, equivalent variations or modification using the technology contents of the disclosure above, all falls within this hair In bright protection scope.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of building masonry structure, which is characterized in that it is built by the connection fastened to each other of multiple pre-cast building component components It forms, each pre-cast building component component is made of muti-piece block for construction preprocessing, leads between the muti-piece block for construction Transverse steel and vertical reinforcement are crossed through connection, and be bonded mutually by masonry mortar;
The edge of the pre-cast building component component is stretched out in the end of the transverse steel and the vertical reinforcement respectively, is formed outer The splice of dew by corresponding welding or binds splice company fastened to each other between multiple pre-cast building component components It connects.
2. a kind of building masonry structure according to claim 1, which is characterized in that if being previously provided on the block for construction Dry to wear muscle hole, the muscle hole of wearing includes penetrating through the vertical of the block for construction upper and lower surfaces to wear muscle hole and the perforation building The transverse direction of bulk left and right side walls wears muscle hole, is respectively used to wear the transverse steel and vertical reinforcement.
3. a kind of building masonry structure according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the muscle hole of wearing is by building described It builds what punching when bulk is wet base obtained, or is squeezed out and obtained by extruder.
4. a kind of building masonry structure according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the block for construction is building block, heat preservation Brick, hollow brick or composite insulating brick.
5. a kind of building masonry structure according to claim 1, which is characterized in that each pre-cast building component component Muti-piece block for construction between intersecting setting.
6. a kind of building masonry structure according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the pre-cast building component component has In the muti-piece block for construction of intersecting setting, it is vertical to be located at the pre-cast building component component for smooth vertical edges The block for construction of edge cuts smooth in advance.
7. a kind of building masonry structure according to claim 1, which is characterized in that be also equipped in the splice tight Firmware, the fastener are clamped on the junction of splice Yu pre-cast building component Member Lip.
8. a kind of building masonry structure according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the pre- building portion after welding or binding It is filled by masonry mortar in gap between product component.
9. the construction method of building masonry structure described in claim 1, which comprises the following steps:
A. prepare masonry mortar and the pre-cast building component component;
B. the pre-cast building component lifting component to installation site and is fixed temporarily;
C. by the corresponding welding of exposed steel bar connector or binding and fixing between contiguous prefabricated building subassembly component, then masonry mortar is used Fill the gap between two pre-cast building component components.
CN201710419225.4A 2017-06-06 2017-06-06 A kind of building masonry structure and its construction method CN107143057B (en)

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CN201710419225.4A CN107143057B (en) 2017-06-06 2017-06-06 A kind of building masonry structure and its construction method

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710419225.4A CN107143057B (en) 2017-06-06 2017-06-06 A kind of building masonry structure and its construction method

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CN107143057A CN107143057A (en) 2017-09-08
CN107143057B true CN107143057B (en) 2019-03-29

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Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110629786A (en) * 2019-09-12 2019-12-31 中国建筑土木建设有限公司 Novel underground structure foundation slab waterproof guide wall construction method

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2067731U (en) * 1989-06-01 1990-12-19 谢虎 Antivibration pressure-resisting building brick
CN2194804Y (en) * 1993-08-14 1995-04-19 孙玉璋 Tube drill
CN2389946Y (en) * 1999-08-13 2000-08-02 单锦春 Energy-saving wall brick
CN204356976U (en) * 2014-11-24 2015-05-27 安徽天筑建设(集团)有限公司 A kind of lightweight wall block

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2067731U (en) * 1989-06-01 1990-12-19 谢虎 Antivibration pressure-resisting building brick
CN2194804Y (en) * 1993-08-14 1995-04-19 孙玉璋 Tube drill
CN2389946Y (en) * 1999-08-13 2000-08-02 单锦春 Energy-saving wall brick
CN204356976U (en) * 2014-11-24 2015-05-27 安徽天筑建设(集团)有限公司 A kind of lightweight wall block

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