CN204356976U - A kind of lightweight wall block - Google Patents

A kind of lightweight wall block Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204356976U
CN204356976U CN201420711904.0U CN201420711904U CN204356976U CN 204356976 U CN204356976 U CN 204356976U CN 201420711904 U CN201420711904 U CN 201420711904U CN 204356976 U CN204356976 U CN 204356976U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
block
building block
groove
projection
cavity
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CN201420711904.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李绍中
关玉峰
梁高峰
王来兵
李平
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安徽天筑建设(集团)有限公司
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Priority to CN201420711904.0U priority Critical patent/CN204356976U/en
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Publication of CN204356976U publication Critical patent/CN204356976U/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of lightweight wall block, and the medium position in building block vertically evenly arranges the cavity of one or more connectivity, and cavity horizontal profile is square, circle or irregularly shaped; Building block both sides are along its length crisscross arranged groove and projection, the corresponding opposite side projection of groove of side, and the size of groove and projection coupling; The vertical joint bar hole of connectivity is vertically set in the position close to building block front and back sides, and stretch out hollow projection along vertical joint bar hole at building block soffit, vertical joint bar hole close to during building block upper surface internal diameter increase formed bellend, bellend internal diameter is slightly larger than the external diameter of hollow projection, and the degree of depth is slightly larger than the length of hollow projection; The upper and lower surface of light block arranges above transversal reinforcement groove together perpendicular to tongue and groove.The light block structure own wt that the utility model relates to is light, and thermal and insulating performance is strong, and building block occlusion ability is each other strong, and level is to large with the bonding strength of vertical direction.

Description

A kind of lightweight wall block

Technical field

The utility model relates to a kind of Novel light wall body building block.Belong to building material technical field, be applicable to the partition wall engineering of masonry structure construction work and some frame constructions in industry and civilian construction.

Background technology

Owing to easily gathering materials on the spot, having refractory heat-insulating heat insulating ability good, compression, masonry structure is at house foundation, inner-outer wall, post, safeguard wall, infilled wall, widely use in the engineering such as chimney, hopper, pond, culvert, retaining wall, tunnel, aqueduct, but a large amount of clay of the need of production of building block is as raw material, along with construction activity aggravates on a large scale, buildings and resources reduces increasingly, the environmental consciousness of people is more and more stronger, and people have had new requirement to environment friendly lightweight concrete building block.

Environment friendly lightweight concrete building block is generally light face, not only there is the performance of high-strength cracking resistance, and impervious water resistant is strong, metope water absorption rate can be significantly reduced after building block is built a wall, improve its anti-freezing property and weather resistance performance, the application life of building block is extended greatly, also overcomes Autoclaved aerated concrete blocks water absorption rate high, need to smear interfacial agents when wall plaster, the defects such as the easy to crack and hollowing of metope etc. are not enough.

Current environment-friendly concrete building block is mainly started with from the material firing building block; to reach the use amount object reducing clay; as " adopting building block prepared by the building waste " (patent No.: 200710139368.6); adopt the building waste of 65% ~ 70% and the compound of 30% ~ 35% to fire to form; although this building block clay use amount is few; but himself heavier-weight, still has improvable space.Also have some building blocks by arranging the method for building block cavity, reduce building block weight, as patent construction castoff composite silicate thermal insulation hollow block and preparation method thereof (patent No.: 200910058702.4), patent building waste (or gangue) color porcelain surface energy-saving wall building block (201010605399.8), patent building waste wall thermal insulating building-block (201220396378.4) etc., this kind of building block arranges 2 ~ 3 building block cavitys at building block center, while reducing materials'use amount, reduce own wt, also have some patents, as a kind of regenerated building waste material thermal insulation porous bricks (patent No.: 201120290681.1) be not only provided with cavity, also be provided with tongue and groove at building block the right and left, to strengthen the bonding strength between building block.But this kind of building block mainly improves is moving up and down between building block, the bulk strength of masonry structure comparatively steel and concrete structure still has larger gap, therefore scope of application relative narrower, is not suitable for highrise building body of wall or the load bearing wall higher to requirement of strength uses.

In sum, for solving the defect that existing energy saving and environment friendly building block own wt is comparatively large, shearing resistance tensile strength is low, needing a kind of own wt of invention badly comparatively gently at present, between masonry, concatenation ability is relatively strong, the Novel light-weight building block structure that shearing resistance tensile property is better, construction quality is convenient to control.

Summary of the invention

The utility model, for above-mentioned prior art Problems existing, invents a kind of heat insulating ability, sound-proofing, fire line by force, and own wt is comparatively light, and between masonry, switching performance is strong, the Novel light-weight building block structure that shearing resistance tensile property is better, construction quality is convenient to control.

In order to realize above-mentioned technical purpose, the utility model have employed following technical scheme:

A kind of Novel light wall body building block, the medium position in building block vertically evenly arranges one or more connectivity cavity, and cavity horizontal profile is rectangular, circular or irregularly shaped;

Building block both sides along its length are all crisscross arranged groove and projection, the projection of the corresponding opposite side of groove of side, and groove and size of lug coupling;

In the position close to building block front and back sides, vertical joint bar hole is vertically set, and extend hollow projection along this vertical joint bar hole at building block soffit, vertical joint bar hole is being extended to the external diameter slightly larger than hollow projection close to internal diameter during building block upper surface, and the degree of depth of enlarged is slightly larger than the length of hollow projection;

The upper and lower surface of light block alongst arranges one or one or more transversal reinforcement groove.

Aforesaid Novel light-weight building block structure, described connectivity number of cavities is 2 ~ 3.

Aforesaid Novel light-weight building block structure, described transversal reinforcement slot cross-section is semicircle, is arranged between building block cavity and vertical joint bar hole.

Aforesaid Novel light-weight building block structure, the aperture in described vertical joint bar hole is greater than the bar diameter of insertion.

Described Novel light-weight building block structure, described when connectivity number of cavities two, two cavity size are identical, and when quantity is three, middle cavity cross section is slightly larger than two, side cavity.

The utility model has following feature and beneficial effect:

(1) in light block, cavity is set, alleviates building block deadweight, save raw material.

(2) the building block left and right sides arranges tongue and groove, and when building by laying bricks or stones, the tongue and groove of adjacent block both sides is engaged mutually, strengthens the adhesion strength between building block.

(3) light block arranges vertical joint bar hole and horizontal joint bar groove, when building by laying bricks or stones, can arrange transverse reinforcement as required, insert vertical reinforcement, strengthen the bonding strength of blockhouse further, strengthen anti-seismic performance and the wind resistance of masonry structure.

(4) using building waste as one of raw material, both save soil resource, save constructional materials cost simultaneously.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the lightweight wall block schematic diagram that the utility model arranges 3 rectangular enclosures;

Fig. 2 is the lightweight wall block schematic diagram that the utility model arranges 2 rectangular enclosures;

Fig. 3 is the lightweight wall block schematic diagram that the utility model arranges 3 circular cavities;

Fig. 4 is the lightweight wall block schematic diagram that the utility model arranges 2 circular cavities;

In figure: 1-cavity, 2-projection, the horizontal joint bar groove of 3-, 4-hollow projection, the vertical joint bar hole of 5-, 6-bellend, 7-groove.

Detailed description of the invention

The mould structure of Novel light-weight building block, the manufacture craft of building block, be not repeated in present embodiment, the novel embodiment relating to structure of concrete this reality of elaboration.

Fig. 1 is the lightweight wall block schematic diagram that the utility model arranges 3 rectangular enclosures; Fig. 2 is the lightweight wall block schematic diagram that the utility model arranges 2 rectangular enclosures; Fig. 3 is the lightweight wall block schematic diagram that the utility model arranges 3 circular cavities; Fig. 4 is the lightweight wall block schematic diagram that the utility model arranges 2 circular cavities.

With reference to shown in Fig. 1-4, the building castoff regeneration aggregate of light block employing 20 ~ 68%, the building castoff reclaimed sand of 10 ~ 40%, 6 ~ 20% portland cements and 1 ~ 2% cementing agent are that raw material is made, and specification is (235 ~ 400) mm × (170 ~ 200) mm × (100 ~ 200) mm; In building block, vertically arrange the cavity 1 of the uniform connectivity in 2 ~ 3 positions, cavity 1 horizontal profile is rectangular, circular or other are irregularly shaped.

Light block both sides are along its length crisscross arranged groove 7 and projection 2, namely side arranges the projection 2 of the corresponding opposite side in position of groove 7, groove and size of lug coupling, width is identical, be 20 ~ 30mm, when concrete block masonry is shaping, adjacent block groove and projection are engaged mutually, strengthen the bonding strength of level to building block.

The upper and lower surface of light block alongst respectively arranges 2 road transversal reinforcement grooves 3, and transversal reinforcement groove 3 cross section is semicircle, is convenient to every layer of shaping rear placement transversal reinforcement of concrete block masonry.

The vertical joint bar hole 5 of connectivity is vertically set at distance building block front and back sides 1/4 place, aperture 2 ~ 3mm larger than the bar diameter inserted in masonry project, hollow projection 4 is extended in joint bar hole along building block soffit, the joint bar hole of building block upper surface is being expanded into bellend 6 close to circumference during upper surface, the degree of depth of this bellend is slightly larger than the 2mm ~ 3mm of hollow projection, and internal diameter is slightly larger than hollow projection external diameter 1mm ~ 2mm.When building multi-layer building block by laying bricks or stones, the hollow projection 4 of upper strata building block soffit inserts in lower floor's building block bellend 6, then inserts reinforcing bar in vertical joint bar hole 5, strengthens the bonding strength of vertical direction, strengthens its anti-seismic performance.

Claims (5)

1. a lightweight wall block, is characterized in that, the medium position in building block vertically evenly arranges the cavity of one or more connectivity, and this cavity horizontal profile is rectangular, circular or irregularly shaped;
Building block both sides along its length are all crisscross arranged groove and projection, the projection of the corresponding opposite side of groove of side, and groove and size of lug coupling;
In the position close to building block front and back sides, vertical joint bar hole is vertically set, and extend hollow projection along this vertical joint bar hole at building block soffit, vertical joint bar hole close to during building block upper surface internal diameter increase formed bellend, bellend internal diameter is slightly larger than the external diameter of hollow projection, and the degree of depth is slightly larger than the length of hollow projection;
The upper and lower surface of light block alongst arranges one or one or more transversal reinforcement groove.
2. lightweight wall block according to claim 1, is characterized in that connectivity number of cavities is 2 ~ 3.
3. lightweight wall block according to claim 1, is characterized in that transversal reinforcement slot cross-section is for semicircle, is arranged between building block cavity and vertical joint bar hole.
4. lightweight wall block according to claim 1, is characterized in that the aperture in vertical joint bar hole is greater than the bar diameter of insertion.
5. lightweight wall block according to claim 2, is characterized in that two cavity size are identical when connectivity number of cavities two, and when quantity is three, middle cavity cross section is slightly larger than two, side cavity.
CN201420711904.0U 2014-11-24 2014-11-24 A kind of lightweight wall block CN204356976U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201420711904.0U CN204356976U (en) 2014-11-24 2014-11-24 A kind of lightweight wall block

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420711904.0U CN204356976U (en) 2014-11-24 2014-11-24 A kind of lightweight wall block

Publications (1)

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CN204356976U true CN204356976U (en) 2015-05-27

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105569255A (en) * 2016-02-03 2016-05-11 嘉兴市博宏新型建材有限公司 Insulating brick good in sound insulation effect
CN105756263A (en) * 2016-02-26 2016-07-13 安徽昆蒙新型建材有限公司 Earthquake-resistant hollow brick
CN105839835A (en) * 2016-06-02 2016-08-10 常州市航标精密机械设备有限公司 Wall building brick for buildings
CN106869364A (en) * 2017-04-26 2017-06-20 中国二十二冶集团有限公司 Wall construction method based on autoclaved lightweight sand aerated concrete block
CN107023109A (en) * 2017-06-06 2017-08-08 中国砖瓦工业协会 For the block for construction of building subassembly and using its pre-cast building component component
CN107143057A (en) * 2017-06-06 2017-09-08 中国砖瓦工业协会 A kind of building masonry structure and its construction method

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105569255A (en) * 2016-02-03 2016-05-11 嘉兴市博宏新型建材有限公司 Insulating brick good in sound insulation effect
CN105569255B (en) * 2016-02-03 2019-03-01 嘉兴市博宏新型建材有限公司 A kind of insulating brick that soundproof effect is good
CN105756263A (en) * 2016-02-26 2016-07-13 安徽昆蒙新型建材有限公司 Earthquake-resistant hollow brick
CN105839835A (en) * 2016-06-02 2016-08-10 常州市航标精密机械设备有限公司 Wall building brick for buildings
CN106869364A (en) * 2017-04-26 2017-06-20 中国二十二冶集团有限公司 Wall construction method based on autoclaved lightweight sand aerated concrete block
CN107023109A (en) * 2017-06-06 2017-08-08 中国砖瓦工业协会 For the block for construction of building subassembly and using its pre-cast building component component
CN107143057A (en) * 2017-06-06 2017-09-08 中国砖瓦工业协会 A kind of building masonry structure and its construction method
CN107143057B (en) * 2017-06-06 2019-03-29 中国砖瓦工业协会 A kind of building masonry structure and its construction method

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