CN107119631A - A kind of hydraulic engineering ecological supporting structure - Google Patents

A kind of hydraulic engineering ecological supporting structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107119631A
CN107119631A CN201710344582.9A CN201710344582A CN107119631A CN 107119631 A CN107119631 A CN 107119631A CN 201710344582 A CN201710344582 A CN 201710344582A CN 107119631 A CN107119631 A CN 107119631A
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China
Prior art keywords
layer
plant
spoiler
water pump
gsz
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CN201710344582.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107119631B (en
Inventor
陆彩纳
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Jiangmen Hydropower Co., Ltd.
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陆彩纳
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • E02B3/04Structures or apparatus for, or methods of, protecting banks, coasts, or harbours
    • E02B3/12Revetment of banks, dams, watercourses, or the like, e.g. the sea-floor

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of hydraulic engineering ecological supporting structure, including branch structure, spoiler, overflow launder, water pump and catch basin, laid inside above the branch structure has clay layer, metalling is equipped with the outside of the clay layer, side of the metalling away from clay layer is equipped with rattan wood and plants generating layer, the surface that rattan wood plants generating layer is equipped with plant top layer, on the plant top layer overflow launder is provided with close to one end of spoiler, tiling is provided with reinforcing strip at GSZ marginal position on the plant top layer, the top of reinforcing strip is provided with flower pond body, one end away from spoiler is provided with boss on the branch structure, guardrail is installed at the top of boss, the inner side of the boss is provided with catch basin, center position inside catch basin is provided with equipment box, the inside of equipment box is provided with water pump, the output end of water pump is provided with conveyance conduit.The present invention not only reduces the impulsive force of rainwater, it is to avoid the loss of water and soil, and realizes the irrigation to plant, improves the utilization rate of water resource.

Description

A kind of hydraulic engineering ecological supporting structure
Technical field
The present invention relates to ecological supporting technique field, specially a kind of hydraulic engineering ecological supporting structure.
Background technology
In fields such as highway, railway, mine, Hydraulic and Hydro-Power Engineerings, in order to ensure the stabilization of side slope, it usually needs build side Slope supporting construction, has protected the integrality of side slope, slope retaining structure is usually stone masonry structure or concrete structure, is deposited since In a large amount of engineering vestiges, a large amount of negative landscapes, and waste of resource are formed, traditional ecological management, recover to be usually taken to broadcast sowing Grass planting mode, due to lacking plant growth medium, it is difficult to take effect;But using mode of sowing grass seeds by duster, unit area investment is high, later stage greening Effect is difficult to persistently, water body inside and outside early ageing easily occur and be unable to free exchange, be also unfavorable for the procreation of aquatic organism, and its outward appearance Gloomy, visual effect is poor, in recent years, is become more and more popular with the theory of environmental bydraulic engineering, and the protection of people's side slope is also got over More to pay attention to, traditional slope protection method is extremely difficult to preferable protecting effect, and lacks for the improvement presence of water resource Fall into, it is impossible to the waste of water resource sufficiently is caused to plant irrigation using water resource.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of hydraulic engineering ecological supporting structure, to solve to propose in above-mentioned background technology The problem of.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides following technical scheme:A kind of hydraulic engineering ecological supporting structure, including branch Structure, spoiler, overflow launder, water pump and catch basin, the laid inside that the top of the branch structure is provided with above spoiler, branch structure have Metalling is equipped with the outside of clay layer, clay layer, side of the metalling away from clay layer is equipped with rattan wood and plants generating layer, rattan The surface that wood plants generating layer is equipped with plant top layer, is provided with overflow launder close to one end of spoiler on the plant top layer, and overflow launder Bottom extends to and crossing current pipeline is provided with the inside that rattan wood plants generating layer, the inwall of the overflow launder side, and crossing current pipeline The plant skin surface that the poly- cloud in surface is disposed with below through hole, the overflow launder is fixed with GSZ, and GSZ is by leading Pipe and crossing current pipeline communication, the inside kind of the GSZ is implanted with green plants, and the root of green plants is buried in rattan wood Plant tiling at the GSZ marginal position on the inside of generating layer, the plant top layer and be provided with reinforcing strip, the top of reinforcing strip is provided with One end away from spoiler is provided with the top of boss, boss and is provided with guardrail, the inner side of the boss on flower pond body, the branch structure Provided with catch basin, the center position inside catch basin is provided with equipment box, and the inside of the equipment box is provided with water pump, and water The input of pump is through equipment box and extends to inside catch basin, and the output end of the water pump is provided with conveyance conduit, and conveying The one end of pipeline away from water pump and crossing current pipeline communication.
It is preferred that, the section of the spoiler is triangular in shape, and the angle between spoiler upper surface and horizontal plane is ten Five degree.
It is preferred that, the middle position on the plant top layer is provided with channel, and channel two ends respectively at overflow launder and retaining Groove is connected.
It is preferred that, the upper and lower ends of the GSZ are all provided with runner, and the geotechnological lattice in same perpendicular The runner of grid is interconnected.
It is preferred that, the two ends of the reinforcing strip are all provided with 45 degree of chamferings.
Compared with prior art, utstanding substantial characteristics and significant improvement of the present invention are:By above branch structure Laid inside clay layer, and lay metalling and rattan wood in the outside of clay layer and plant generating layer, make it and plant the soil above top layer Work grid and green plants mutual cooperation work, realize the multilayer protection of side slope, it is to avoid the phenomenon of soil erosion, pass through Spoiler is installed on the top of branch structure, and overflow launder is installed close to one end of spoiler on top layer is planted, rainwater is reduced and falls When impulsive force, it is achieved thereby that the protection to ramp, while by setting catch basin on the inside of boss, and inside equipment box Water pump is installed, makes the crossing current pipeline mutual cooperation work inside its conveyance conduit installed with water pump output end and overflow launder, it is real The pouring to ramp afforestation plant is showed, has improved the utilization rate of water resource, the multilayer that the present invention not only realizes side slope is protected Shield, it is to avoid the phenomenon of soil erosion, and reduce impulsive force when rainwater is fallen, improve the utilization rate of water resource.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the invention;
Fig. 2 is front view of the invention.
In figure:1- branch structures;2- clay layers;3- spoilers;4- plants top layer;5- overflow launders;6- rattan woods plant generating layer;7- greenings are planted Thing;8- GSZs;9- spends pond body;10- reinforcing strips;11- guardrails;12- boss;13- water pumps;14- catch basins;15- metallings; 16- crossing current pipelines;17- conveyance conduits;18- equipment boxs.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation is described, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the invention, rather than whole embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is every other that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of creative work is not made Embodiment, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
Refer to Fig. 1-2, a kind of embodiment that the present invention is provided:A kind of hydraulic engineering ecological supporting structure, including branch structure 1st, spoiler 3, overflow launder 5, water pump 13 and catch basin 14, the top of branch structure 1 are provided with spoiler 3, and the section of spoiler 3 is in three It is angular, and angle between the upper surface of spoiler 3 and horizontal plane is 15 degree, the laid inside of the top of branch structure 1 has clay layer 2, The outside of clay layer 2 is equipped with metalling 15, and side of the metalling 15 away from clay layer 2 is equipped with rattan wood and plants generating layer 6, and rattan wood is planted The surface of generating layer 6 is equipped with plant top layer 4, and the one end for planting close spoiler 3 on top layer 4 is provided with overflow launder 5, and the bottom of overflow launder 5 End extends to and crossing current pipeline 16 is provided with the inside that rattan wood plants generating layer 6, the inwall of the side of overflow launder 5, and crossing current pipeline 16 The poly- cloud in surface is disposed with through hole, and the surface of plant top layer 4 of the lower section of overflow launder 5 is fixed with GSZ 8, and up and down the two of GSZ 8 End is all provided with runner, and the runner of the GSZ 8 in same perpendicular is interconnected, and GSZ 8 is by leading Pipe is connected with crossing current pipeline 16, and the inside kind of GSZ 8 is implanted with green plants 7, and the root of green plants 7 is buried in rattan wood The inside of generating layer 6 is planted, tiling at the marginal position of GSZ 8 on top layer 4 is planted and is provided with reinforcing strip 10, the two ends of reinforcing strip 10 are all Provided with 45 degree of chamferings, the top of reinforcing strip 10 is provided with one end away from spoiler 3 on flower pond body 9, branch structure 1 and is provided with boss 12, the top of boss 12 is provided with guardrail 11, and the inner side of boss 12 is provided with the center position inside catch basin 14, catch basin 14 Equipment box 18 is installed, the inside of equipment box 18 is provided with water pump 13, the model of the water pump 13 can be 150QJ20-96/16, and The input of water pump 13 is through equipment box 18 and extends to inside catch basin 14, and the output end of water pump 13 is provided with conveyance conduit 17, and the one end of conveyance conduit 17 away from water pump 13 with crossing current pipeline 16 connect, plant top layer 4 middle position be provided with channel, And the two ends of channel are connected respectively at overflow launder 5 with catch basin 14.
Operation principle:When ramp rainwater is more, first by the spoiler 3 on the top of branch structure 1, rainwater is tentatively stopped to clear Top layer 4 is planted inside the overflow launder 5 of the one end of spoiler 3 except being flowed into after part of impact force, in the geotechnique by planting the surface of top layer 4 Inside grid 8, the runner through the upper and lower ends of GSZ 8 after stopping again, the catch basin 14 for being flowed into the inner side of boss 12, complete The work of impulsive force is eliminated, when needing to irrigating plant, inside equipment box 18 at the inner hub location of catch basin 14 Water pump 13, conveyance conduit 17 of the water inside catch basin 14 through the output end of water pump 13 is delivered to inside crossing current pipeline 16, logical The runner for crossing the upper and lower ends of GSZ 8 is delivered to inside green plants 7, completes irrigating plant work.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the invention is not restricted to the details of above-mentioned one exemplary embodiment, Er Qie In the case of without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the invention, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter From the point of view of which point, embodiment all should be regarded as exemplary, and be nonrestrictive, the scope of the present invention is by appended power Profit is required rather than described above is limited, it is intended that all in the implication and scope of the equivalency of claim by falling Change is included in the present invention.Any reference in claim should not be considered as to the claim involved by limitation.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of hydraulic engineering ecological supporting structure, including branch structure(1), spoiler(3), overflow launder(5), water pump(13)And retaining Groove(14), it is characterised in that:The branch structure(1)Top spoiler is installed(3), the branch structure(1)The laid inside of top There is clay layer(2), clay layer(2)Outside be equipped with metalling(15), the metalling(15)Away from clay layer(2)Side It is equipped with rattan wood and plants generating layer(6), rattan wood plant generating layer(6)Surface be equipped with plant top layer(4), the plant top layer(4)Upper close resistance Flow plate(3)One end be provided with overflow launder(5), and overflow launder(5)Bottom extend to rattan wood plant generating layer(6)Inside, it is described overflow Chute(5)Crossing current pipeline is installed on the inwall of side(16), and crossing current pipeline(16)The poly- cloud in surface be disposed with through hole, it is described Overflow launder(5)The plant top layer of lower section(4)Surface is fixed with GSZ(8), and GSZ(8)Pass through conduit and crossing current pipeline (16)Connection, the GSZ(8)Inside kind be implanted with green plants(7), and green plants(7)Root be buried in rattan wood Plant generating layer(6)Inside, the plant top layer(4)On GSZ(8)Tiling is provided with reinforcing strip at marginal position(10), strengthen Band(10)Top be provided with flower pond body(9), the branch structure(1)Upper remote spoiler(3)One end be provided with boss(12), boss (12)Top guardrail is installed(11), the boss(12)Inner side be provided with catch basin(14), catch basin(14)In internal The heart is provided with equipment box at position(18), the equipment box(18)Inside water pump is installed(13), and water pump(13)Input Equipment box is run through at end(18)And extend to catch basin(14)Inside, the water pump(13)Output end conveyance conduit is installed (17), and conveyance conduit(17)Away from water pump(13)One end with crossing current pipeline(16)Connection.
2. a kind of hydraulic engineering ecological supporting structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The spoiler(3)'s Section is triangular in shape, and spoiler(3)Angle between upper surface and horizontal plane is 15 degree.
3. a kind of hydraulic engineering ecological supporting structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The plant top layer(4)'s Middle position be provided with channel, and channel two ends respectively at overflow launder(5)And catch basin(14)Connection.
4. a kind of hydraulic engineering ecological supporting structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The GSZ(8) Upper and lower ends be all provided with runner, and the GSZ in the same perpendicular(8)Runner be interconnected.
5. a kind of hydraulic engineering ecological supporting structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The reinforcing strip(10)'s Two ends are all provided with 45 degree of chamferings.
CN201710344582.9A 2017-05-16 2017-05-16 A kind of hydraulic engineering ecological supporting structure Active CN107119631B (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111501786A (en) * 2020-04-08 2020-08-07 西安源丰诚工程咨询有限公司 Ecological park system based on mine geological slope management and construction method

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203369174U (en) * 2013-06-20 2014-01-01 华侨大学 Arid area side slope green recovery system
KR20140122782A (en) * 2013-04-11 2014-10-21 민승기 Drainage facilitating device in retaining wall drainage
CN205000344U (en) * 2015-09-23 2016-01-27 温州市兴工建设有限公司 Native cutting side slope protecting structure expands
CN205636756U (en) * 2016-01-22 2016-10-12 岭南新科生态科技研究院(北京)有限公司 Ecological slope protection structure of half arid area
CN205742229U (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-30 北京中色资源环境工程股份有限公司 A kind of anti-soil erosion device of greening high precipitous rock slope
CN106368227A (en) * 2016-11-14 2017-02-01 广东中联兴环保科技有限公司 Water erosion prevention system and method for ecology of slope of abandoned rear-earth mine land

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20140122782A (en) * 2013-04-11 2014-10-21 민승기 Drainage facilitating device in retaining wall drainage
CN203369174U (en) * 2013-06-20 2014-01-01 华侨大学 Arid area side slope green recovery system
CN205000344U (en) * 2015-09-23 2016-01-27 温州市兴工建设有限公司 Native cutting side slope protecting structure expands
CN205636756U (en) * 2016-01-22 2016-10-12 岭南新科生态科技研究院(北京)有限公司 Ecological slope protection structure of half arid area
CN205742229U (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-30 北京中色资源环境工程股份有限公司 A kind of anti-soil erosion device of greening high precipitous rock slope
CN106368227A (en) * 2016-11-14 2017-02-01 广东中联兴环保科技有限公司 Water erosion prevention system and method for ecology of slope of abandoned rear-earth mine land

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111501786A (en) * 2020-04-08 2020-08-07 西安源丰诚工程咨询有限公司 Ecological park system based on mine geological slope management and construction method

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Effective date of registration: 20190605

Address after: 529050 Three Floors, No. 198 Tianhe Middle Road, Pengjiang District, Jiangmen City, Guangdong Province

Applicant after: Jiangmen Hydropower Co., Ltd.

Address before: No. 6 Shuangyong Road, Qingxiu District, Nanning City, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, 530022

Applicant before: Lu Caina

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