A kind of hydraulic engineering ecological supporting structure
The present invention relates to ecological supporting technique field, specially a kind of hydraulic engineering ecological supporting structure.
In fields such as highway, railway, mine, Hydraulic and Hydro-Power Engineerings, in order to ensure the stabilization of side slope, it usually needs build side
Slope supporting construction, has protected the integrality of side slope, slope retaining structure is usually stone masonry structure or concrete structure, is deposited since
In a large amount of engineering vestiges, a large amount of negative landscapes, and waste of resource are formed, traditional ecological management, recover to be usually taken to broadcast sowing
Grass planting mode, due to lacking plant growth medium, it is difficult to take effect；But using mode of sowing grass seeds by duster, unit area investment is high, later stage greening
Effect is difficult to persistently, water body inside and outside early ageing easily occur and be unable to free exchange, be also unfavorable for the procreation of aquatic organism, and its outward appearance
Gloomy, visual effect is poor, in recent years, is become more and more popular with the theory of environmental bydraulic engineering, and the protection of people's side slope is also got over
More to pay attention to, traditional slope protection method is extremely difficult to preferable protecting effect, and lacks for the improvement presence of water resource
Fall into, it is impossible to the waste of water resource sufficiently is caused to plant irrigation using water resource.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of hydraulic engineering ecological supporting structure, to solve to propose in above-mentioned background technology
The problem of.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides following technical scheme：A kind of hydraulic engineering ecological supporting structure, including branch
Structure, spoiler, overflow launder, water pump and catch basin, the laid inside that the top of the branch structure is provided with above spoiler, branch structure have
Metalling is equipped with the outside of clay layer, clay layer, side of the metalling away from clay layer is equipped with rattan wood and plants generating layer, rattan
The surface that wood plants generating layer is equipped with plant top layer, is provided with overflow launder close to one end of spoiler on the plant top layer, and overflow launder
Bottom extends to and crossing current pipeline is provided with the inside that rattan wood plants generating layer, the inwall of the overflow launder side, and crossing current pipeline
The plant skin surface that the poly- cloud in surface is disposed with below through hole, the overflow launder is fixed with GSZ, and GSZ is by leading
Pipe and crossing current pipeline communication, the inside kind of the GSZ is implanted with green plants, and the root of green plants is buried in rattan wood
Plant tiling at the GSZ marginal position on the inside of generating layer, the plant top layer and be provided with reinforcing strip, the top of reinforcing strip is provided with
One end away from spoiler is provided with the top of boss, boss and is provided with guardrail, the inner side of the boss on flower pond body, the branch structure
Provided with catch basin, the center position inside catch basin is provided with equipment box, and the inside of the equipment box is provided with water pump, and water
The input of pump is through equipment box and extends to inside catch basin, and the output end of the water pump is provided with conveyance conduit, and conveying
The one end of pipeline away from water pump and crossing current pipeline communication.
It is preferred that, the section of the spoiler is triangular in shape, and the angle between spoiler upper surface and horizontal plane is ten
It is preferred that, the middle position on the plant top layer is provided with channel, and channel two ends respectively at overflow launder and retaining
Groove is connected.
It is preferred that, the upper and lower ends of the GSZ are all provided with runner, and the geotechnological lattice in same perpendicular
The runner of grid is interconnected.
It is preferred that, the two ends of the reinforcing strip are all provided with 45 degree of chamferings.
Compared with prior art, utstanding substantial characteristics and significant improvement of the present invention are：By above branch structure
Laid inside clay layer, and lay metalling and rattan wood in the outside of clay layer and plant generating layer, make it and plant the soil above top layer
Work grid and green plants mutual cooperation work, realize the multilayer protection of side slope, it is to avoid the phenomenon of soil erosion, pass through
Spoiler is installed on the top of branch structure, and overflow launder is installed close to one end of spoiler on top layer is planted, rainwater is reduced and falls
When impulsive force, it is achieved thereby that the protection to ramp, while by setting catch basin on the inside of boss, and inside equipment box
Water pump is installed, makes the crossing current pipeline mutual cooperation work inside its conveyance conduit installed with water pump output end and overflow launder, it is real
The pouring to ramp afforestation plant is showed, has improved the utilization rate of water resource, the multilayer that the present invention not only realizes side slope is protected
Shield, it is to avoid the phenomenon of soil erosion, and reduce impulsive force when rainwater is fallen, improve the utilization rate of water resource.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the invention；
Fig. 2 is front view of the invention.
In figure：1- branch structures；2- clay layers；3- spoilers；4- plants top layer；5- overflow launders；6- rattan woods plant generating layer；7- greenings are planted
Thing；8- GSZs；9- spends pond body；10- reinforcing strips；11- guardrails；12- boss；13- water pumps；14- catch basins；15- metallings；
16- crossing current pipelines；17- conveyance conduits；18- equipment boxs.
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete
Site preparation is described, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the invention, rather than whole embodiments.It is based on
Embodiment in the present invention, it is every other that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of creative work is not made
Embodiment, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
Refer to Fig. 1-2, a kind of embodiment that the present invention is provided：A kind of hydraulic engineering ecological supporting structure, including branch structure
1st, spoiler 3, overflow launder 5, water pump 13 and catch basin 14, the top of branch structure 1 are provided with spoiler 3, and the section of spoiler 3 is in three
It is angular, and angle between the upper surface of spoiler 3 and horizontal plane is 15 degree, the laid inside of the top of branch structure 1 has clay layer 2,
The outside of clay layer 2 is equipped with metalling 15, and side of the metalling 15 away from clay layer 2 is equipped with rattan wood and plants generating layer 6, and rattan wood is planted
The surface of generating layer 6 is equipped with plant top layer 4, and the one end for planting close spoiler 3 on top layer 4 is provided with overflow launder 5, and the bottom of overflow launder 5
End extends to and crossing current pipeline 16 is provided with the inside that rattan wood plants generating layer 6, the inwall of the side of overflow launder 5, and crossing current pipeline 16
The poly- cloud in surface is disposed with through hole, and the surface of plant top layer 4 of the lower section of overflow launder 5 is fixed with GSZ 8, and up and down the two of GSZ 8
End is all provided with runner, and the runner of the GSZ 8 in same perpendicular is interconnected, and GSZ 8 is by leading
Pipe is connected with crossing current pipeline 16, and the inside kind of GSZ 8 is implanted with green plants 7, and the root of green plants 7 is buried in rattan wood
The inside of generating layer 6 is planted, tiling at the marginal position of GSZ 8 on top layer 4 is planted and is provided with reinforcing strip 10, the two ends of reinforcing strip 10 are all
Provided with 45 degree of chamferings, the top of reinforcing strip 10 is provided with one end away from spoiler 3 on flower pond body 9, branch structure 1 and is provided with boss
12, the top of boss 12 is provided with guardrail 11, and the inner side of boss 12 is provided with the center position inside catch basin 14, catch basin 14
Equipment box 18 is installed, the inside of equipment box 18 is provided with water pump 13, the model of the water pump 13 can be 150QJ20-96/16, and
The input of water pump 13 is through equipment box 18 and extends to inside catch basin 14, and the output end of water pump 13 is provided with conveyance conduit
17, and the one end of conveyance conduit 17 away from water pump 13 with crossing current pipeline 16 connect, plant top layer 4 middle position be provided with channel,
And the two ends of channel are connected respectively at overflow launder 5 with catch basin 14.
Operation principle：When ramp rainwater is more, first by the spoiler 3 on the top of branch structure 1, rainwater is tentatively stopped to clear
Top layer 4 is planted inside the overflow launder 5 of the one end of spoiler 3 except being flowed into after part of impact force, in the geotechnique by planting the surface of top layer 4
Inside grid 8, the runner through the upper and lower ends of GSZ 8 after stopping again, the catch basin 14 for being flowed into the inner side of boss 12, complete
The work of impulsive force is eliminated, when needing to irrigating plant, inside equipment box 18 at the inner hub location of catch basin 14
Water pump 13, conveyance conduit 17 of the water inside catch basin 14 through the output end of water pump 13 is delivered to inside crossing current pipeline 16, logical
The runner for crossing the upper and lower ends of GSZ 8 is delivered to inside green plants 7, completes irrigating plant work.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the invention is not restricted to the details of above-mentioned one exemplary embodiment, Er Qie
In the case of without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the invention, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter
From the point of view of which point, embodiment all should be regarded as exemplary, and be nonrestrictive, the scope of the present invention is by appended power
Profit is required rather than described above is limited, it is intended that all in the implication and scope of the equivalency of claim by falling
Change is included in the present invention.Any reference in claim should not be considered as to the claim involved by limitation.