CN107101622B - Archaeological measuring instrument and control method thereof - Google Patents

Archaeological measuring instrument and control method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107101622B
CN107101622B CN201710281721.8A CN201710281721A CN107101622B CN 107101622 B CN107101622 B CN 107101622B CN 201710281721 A CN201710281721 A CN 201710281721A CN 107101622 B CN107101622 B CN 107101622B
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archaeological
mapping
task
control terminal
surveying
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CN107101622A (en
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王少华
刘盼华
刘长明
祝小伟
黄霄
叶雪峰
辛后林
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Wuhan Shuwen Technology Co ltd
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Wuhan Shuwen Technology Co ltd
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
    • G01C15/00Surveying instruments or accessories not provided for in groups G01C1/00 - G01C13/00
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
    • G01C17/00Compasses; Devices for ascertaining true or magnetic north for navigation or surveying purposes
    • G01C17/02Magnetic compasses
    • G01C17/04Magnetic compasses with north-seeking magnetic elements, e.g. needles
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
    • G01C7/00Tracing profiles
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
    • G01C7/00Tracing profiles
    • G01C7/02Tracing profiles of land surfaces
    • G01C7/04Tracing profiles of land surfaces involving a vehicle which moves along the profile to be traced
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
    • G01S19/00Satellite radio beacon positioning systems; Determining position, velocity or attitude using signals transmitted by such systems
    • G01S19/01Satellite radio beacon positioning systems transmitting time-stamped messages, e.g. GPS [Global Positioning System], GLONASS [Global Orbiting Navigation Satellite System] or GALILEO
    • G01S19/13Receivers
    • G01S19/14Receivers specially adapted for specific applications
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
    • G01S19/00Satellite radio beacon positioning systems; Determining position, velocity or attitude using signals transmitted by such systems
    • G01S19/38Determining a navigation solution using signals transmitted by a satellite radio beacon positioning system
    • G01S19/39Determining a navigation solution using signals transmitted by a satellite radio beacon positioning system the satellite radio beacon positioning system transmitting time-stamped messages, e.g. GPS [Global Positioning System], GLONASS [Global Orbiting Navigation Satellite System] or GALILEO
    • G01S19/42Determining position
    • G01S19/43Determining position using carrier phase measurements, e.g. kinematic positioning; using long or short baseline interferometry

Abstract

The invention provides a control method of an archaeological measuring instrument and the archaeological measuring instrument, wherein the archaeological measuring instrument comprises a control terminal and a mapping device, and the control method of the archaeological measuring instrument comprises the following steps: the method comprises the steps that a control terminal receives a creation instruction sent by a user, wherein the creation instruction is an instruction for creating an archaeological task; the control terminal sends a prompt signal according to the creation instruction so that the archaeological staff can control the mapping device to execute a corresponding archaeological task; and the control terminal acquires the coordinate information sent by the mapping device and automatically generates a mapping result according to the coordinate information. According to the invention, through different prompts sent by the control terminal, the archaeological staff manually controls the surveying and mapping device to carry out archaeological surveying and mapping and layout, and coordinate information is fed back to the control terminal, so that the control terminal automatically generates a surveying and mapping result, the purpose of rapidly completing the archaeological surveying and mapping and layout is achieved, the archaeological surveying and mapping efficiency is improved, the intelligence degree is high, and the technical problems of low efficiency and poor intelligence degree of the archaeological field surveying and mapping method in the prior art are further solved.

Description

Archaeological measuring instrument and control method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of archaeological surveying and mapping, in particular to a control method of an archaeological measuring instrument and the archaeological measuring instrument.
Background
At the archaeological site, measurement and drawing to various archaeological objects are the important work links of the archaeological site, and the content of the mapping work comprises the square layout, the track plane mapping, the track section mapping and the trace point mapping, so that the achievement plays an important role in the archaeological study, the characteristics and the evolution rules of the archaeological objects in different times can be clearly reflected, and the visual effect of intuition and reality is provided for researchers.
Currently, there are three techniques for archaeological site mapping: the tape measure compass measurement is combined with manual drawing, total station surveying and Real-time kinematic (RTK) surveying, and the three surveying and mapping technologies respectively have the following defects:
the method of combining tape compass measurement and manual drawing is characterized in that the tape is used for length measurement, and if the topographic relief of a surveying and mapping area is large, and the stretching and bending characteristics of the tape are added, when the measuring distance reaches 10m, an error of more than 5cm is usually generated. And when the tape measure and the compass cloth are used, direction positioning and length measurement are needed to be carried out when one vertex of the probe is measured, the average time is consumed for 6min, and the measurement can be finished by 2 people in cooperation. In conclusion, the method of combining tape compass measurement with manual drawing has the problems of large error, low efficiency and poor intelligence degree;
in the total station surveying and mapping method, when a total station is used for detecting and distributing a square, if a peak of a detected square needs to be lofted, a centering rod of a prism needs to be moved back and forth, and 2 persons need to operate together. In addition, limited by the technical principle of equipment, when the total station is used, a workplace is required to have good visibility, and part of archaeological sites often have complex geographic environments and poor visibility, so that mapping cannot be completed at the moment. In conclusion, the total station surveying and mapping method has the problems of low working efficiency, low adaptability and poor intelligence degree;
in the RTK mapping method, because RTK mapping is not specially designed for the archaeology field, a lofting function can only perform point lofting, and the process of positioning each vertex of a probe comprises the processes of calculating coordinates of lofting points in advance, tracking and positioning according to the coordinates and the like, so that the working process is complicated. In addition, the RTK mapping method cannot perform cross-sectional mapping of the probe and the trail, and must be assisted by other technical means, so that it cannot completely meet the mapping requirements of the archaeological site. In conclusion, the RTK mapping method has the problems of low working efficiency, low adaptability and poor intelligence degree.
Therefore, the archaeological site surveying and mapping method in the prior art has the technical problems of low working efficiency and poor intelligence degree.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of the above, the present invention provides a control method for an archaeological measuring instrument and the archaeological measuring instrument, so as to alleviate the technical problems of low efficiency and poor intelligence of the archaeological field surveying and mapping method in the prior art.
According to an aspect of an embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a control method of an archaeological measuring instrument, the archaeological measuring instrument including a manipulation terminal and a surveying and mapping device; the method comprises the following steps: the method comprises the following steps that a control terminal receives a creation instruction sent by a user, wherein the creation instruction is an instruction for creating an archaeological task, and the archaeological task comprises at least one of the following: the method comprises the following steps of carrying out plane surveying and mapping archaeological tasks, section surveying and mapping archaeological tasks, archaeological lofting tasks and construction site measurement archaeological tasks; the control terminal sends a prompt signal according to the creating instruction so that the archaeological staff can control the mapping device to execute a corresponding archaeological task; and the control terminal acquires the coordinate information sent by the mapping device and automatically generates a mapping result according to the coordinate information.
Further, the coordinate information includes feature point coordinate information of the archaeological mapping object, and when the archaeological task is the planar mapping archaeological task, the sending, by the control terminal, a prompt signal according to the creation instruction includes: determining the archaeological mapping object in the archaeological scene according to the judgment of the archaeological staff; sending a first prompting signal to the archaeological staff based on the determined archaeological surveying object, so that the archaeological staff controls the surveying device to move along the characteristic points of the archaeological surveying object to complete the planar surveying archaeological task for the archaeological surveying object, wherein the first prompting signal is used for prompting the archaeological staff to start surveying the archaeological surveying object; the control terminal acquires the coordinate information sent by the mapping device, and automatically generates a mapping result according to the coordinate information, wherein the mapping result comprises the following steps: determining a mapping mode when the archaeological mapping object is mapped and determining a data storage layer, wherein the mapping mode comprises the following steps: a GPS mapping mode and/or a manual mapping mode; and processing the feature point coordinate information of the archaeological surveying object based on the surveying and mapping mode and the data storage layer to obtain a plane survey and mapping of the archaeological surveying object.
Further, the coordinate information includes feature point coordinate information of a formation line of a probe, and when the archaeological task is the profile mapping archaeological task, the sending of the prompt signal by the control terminal according to the creation instruction includes: randomly selecting one side wall from four side walls of a probe as a target side wall, and sending a second prompt signal to the archaeological staff to enable the archaeological staff to control the mapping device to move along a formation line of the probe of the target side wall, wherein the second prompt signal is used for prompting the archaeological staff to start mapping the target side wall; the control terminal acquires the coordinate information sent by the mapping device, and automatically generates a mapping result according to the coordinate information, wherein the mapping result comprises the following steps: acquiring feature point coordinate information of the formation line of the probe, which is measured when the mapping device moves along the formation line of the probe; and processing the feature point coordinate information of the exploration stratum line by using a space geometric algorithm to obtain a profile map of the target side wall.
Further, when the archaeological task is the archaeological lofting task, before the control terminal sends a prompt signal according to the creation instruction, the method further includes: the control terminal obtains the layout parameters of the archaeological lofting task, wherein the layout parameters comprise at least one of the following parameters: the number of the squares, the specifications of the squares, the azimuth of a base point and the magnetic declination angle; and the control terminal automatically generates a layout chart of the archaeological site according to the layout parameters.
Further, when the archaeological task is the archaeological lofting task, the sending, by the control terminal according to the creation instruction, a prompt signal includes: and sending a third prompt signal to the archaeological staff according to the layout diagram of the archaeological site, so that the archaeological staff can control the mapping device to start to reach the coordinate position of the layout vertex of the archaeological site in the base point azimuth according to the third prompt signal, wherein the third prompt signal is used for prompting the archaeological staff to move the direction of the mapping device.
Further, when the archaeological task is the site measurement archaeological task, the sending of the prompt signal by the control terminal according to the creation instruction includes:
determining an archaeological object to be measured in the archaeological site according to the judgment of the archaeological staff; sending a fourth prompting signal to the archaeological staff based on the determined archaeological object to be measured, so that the archaeological staff controls the surveying and mapping device to start measuring the archaeological object to be measured, wherein the fourth prompting signal is used for prompting the archaeological staff to start measuring the archaeological object to be measured; after the fourth prompt signal is sent to the archaeological staff, the control terminal acquires parameter information of the archaeological object to be measured, which is returned by the surveying and mapping device, in real time, and obtains a surveying and mapping result of the site measurement archaeological task according to the parameter information, wherein the parameter information comprises at least one of the following: length information of the archaeological object to be measured, area information of the archaeological object to be measured, and angle information of the archaeological object to be measured.
Further, the surveying and mapping device comprises a reference station, and before the control terminal receives a creation instruction sent by a user, the method further comprises: establishing a pairing connection with the reference station; and sending a first parameter configuration instruction to the reference station to complete parameter configuration of the reference station.
Further, the mapping apparatus includes a mobile station, and before the manipulation terminal receives a creation instruction sent by a user, the method further includes: establishing a pairing connection with the mobile station; and sending a second parameter configuration instruction to the mobile station to complete the parameter configuration of the mobile station.
According to another aspect of the embodiments of the present invention, there is also provided an archaeological gauge including: a control terminal and a surveying and mapping device; the control terminal is used for receiving a creation instruction sent by a user and sending a prompt signal according to the creation instruction, wherein the creation instruction is an instruction for creating an archaeological task, and the archaeological task comprises at least one of the following: the method comprises the following steps of carrying out plane surveying and mapping archaeological tasks, section surveying and mapping archaeological tasks, archaeological lofting tasks and construction site measurement archaeological tasks; the mapping device is used for executing the archaeological task under the control of archaeological staff and returning coordinate information to the control terminal, wherein the control terminal automatically generates a mapping result according to the coordinate information after acquiring the coordinate information sent by the mapping device.
Further, the mapping apparatus includes: an RTK gauge, wherein the RTK gauge includes: a reference station and a mobile station; the reference station is in communication connection with the control terminal and is used for receiving a first parameter configuration instruction transmitted by the control terminal and performing parameter configuration according to the first parameter configuration instruction, wherein the first parameter configuration instruction carries configuration parameters for configuring the reference station; the mobile station is in communication connection with the control terminal, and is configured to receive a second parameter configuration instruction transmitted by the control terminal after the reference station completes configuration, and perform parameter configuration according to the second parameter configuration instruction, where the second parameter configuration instruction carries configuration parameters for configuring the mobile station.
In the control method of the archaeological measuring instrument provided by the embodiment of the invention, the archaeological measuring instrument comprises a control terminal and a mapping device, wherein the control terminal receives an instruction for creating an archaeological task sent by a user, then the control terminal sends a prompt signal according to the instruction for creating the archaeological task so that an archaeological worker controls the mapping device to execute a corresponding archaeological task, and finally the control terminal acquires coordinate information sent by the mapping device and automatically generates a mapping result according to the coordinate information. Traditional archaeological mapping methods (e.g., tape compass measurements combined with manual mapping, total station mapping, and RTK mapping) often require repeated cooperative operation by multiple persons to accomplish the archaeological task. Therefore, compared with the traditional archaeological method, the control method of the archaeological measuring instrument provided by the embodiment of the invention can be used for manually controlling the mapping device to perform archaeological mapping and distribution by virtue of different prompts sent by the control terminal, and then the mapping device feeds back coordinate information to the control terminal, so that the control terminal automatically generates a mapping result, the purpose of rapidly completing the archaeological mapping and distribution is achieved, the archaeological mapping efficiency is improved, the intelligence degree is high, the technical problems of low efficiency and poor intelligence degree of the archaeological field mapping method in the prior art are further solved, and the technical effect of improving the mapping accuracy is realized.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are some embodiments of the present invention, and other drawings can be obtained by those skilled in the art without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a flow chart of a method of controlling an archaeological gauge according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a flow chart of configuring parameters of a surveying device by manipulating a terminal according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of the overall structure of an archaeological gauge according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of an archaeological gauge according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of the operation of an archaeological gauge according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings, and it should be understood that the described embodiments are some, but not all embodiments of the present invention. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", etc., indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, but do not indicate or imply that the device or element being referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," and "third" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning either a fixed connection, a removable connection, or an integral connection; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
Example one
According to an embodiment of the present invention, there is provided an embodiment of a method for controlling an archaeological gauge.
Fig. 1 is a flowchart of a method for controlling an archaeological measuring instrument according to an embodiment of the present invention, and the embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to fig. 1.
In an embodiment of the present invention, the archaeological measuring instrument includes a control terminal and a mapping device, and as shown in fig. 1, the control method of the archaeological measuring instrument includes:
step S101, a control terminal receives a creation instruction sent by a user, wherein the creation instruction is an instruction for creating an archaeological task, and the archaeological task comprises at least one of the following: the method comprises the following steps of carrying out plane surveying and mapping archaeological tasks, section surveying and mapping archaeological tasks, archaeological lofting tasks and construction site measurement archaeological tasks;
in the embodiment of the invention, the control terminal is specifically a terminal provided with archaeological measuring instrument control software. When the archaeological measuring instrument control software is used, the user can create an archaeological task according to the requirement by opening the archaeological measuring instrument control software on the control terminal. Specifically, when the archaeological measuring instrument is used for controlling software, a user name and a corresponding password of a user need to be input, and the safety of the archaeological measuring instrument in use is improved.
In addition, the user can also execute the operations of deleting and copying the archaeological task by controlling the terminal.
Step S102, the control terminal sends a prompt signal according to the creation instruction so that the archaeological staff can control the mapping device to execute a corresponding archaeological task;
furthermore, after receiving a creation instruction sent by a user, the control terminal can create an archaeological task according to the creation instruction, and sends a prompt signal to archaeological staff after the archaeological task is created, so that the archaeological staff control the mapping device to execute a corresponding archaeological task, wherein the creation instruction carries information for creating a certain archaeological task. Specifically, the control terminal is in communication connection with the mapping device, and information interaction can be achieved. The prompt signal may be a prompt signal in a voice form or a prompt signal in a text form, which is not limited in the embodiment of the present invention.
And step S103, the control terminal acquires the coordinate information sent by the mapping device and automatically generates a mapping result according to the coordinate information.
Further, when the surveying and mapping device executes the archaeological task, the control terminal can acquire coordinate information measured by the surveying and mapping device in real time and automatically generate a surveying and mapping result according to the coordinate information. In the embodiment of the present invention, the mapping result may be a graph, and specifically includes: planar mapping of the archaeological mapping object, profile mapping of the target side wall, and a layout diagram; in addition, the mapping result may also be data, specifically including: the mapping method includes the following steps of distributing vertex coordinate data, length data of the archaeological object to be measured in the archaeological field, area data of the archaeological object to be measured in the archaeological field, angle data of the archaeological object to be measured in the archaeological field and the like, and mapping results in other expression forms can be included, and the method is not limited in particular.
In the control method of the archaeological measuring instrument provided by the embodiment of the invention, the archaeological measuring instrument comprises a control terminal and a mapping device, wherein the control terminal receives an instruction for creating an archaeological task sent by a user, then the control terminal sends a prompt signal according to the instruction for creating the archaeological task so that an archaeological worker controls the mapping device to execute a corresponding archaeological task, and finally the control terminal acquires coordinate information sent by the mapping device and automatically generates a mapping result according to the coordinate information. Traditional archaeological mapping methods (e.g., tape compass measurements combined with manual mapping, total station mapping, and RTK mapping) often require repeated cooperative operation by multiple persons to accomplish the archaeological task. Therefore, compared with the traditional archaeological method, the control method of the archaeological measuring instrument provided by the embodiment of the invention can be used for manually controlling the mapping device to perform archaeological mapping and distribution by virtue of different prompts sent by the control terminal, and then the mapping device feeds back coordinate information to the control terminal, so that the control terminal automatically generates a mapping result, the purpose of rapidly completing the archaeological mapping and distribution is achieved, the archaeological mapping efficiency is improved, the intelligence degree is high, the technical problems of low efficiency and poor intelligence degree of the archaeological field mapping method in the prior art are further solved, and the technical effect of improving the mapping accuracy is realized.
Firstly, the archaeological mapping method in the prior art is briefly introduced as follows:
1. archaeological excavation site layout process
The process of defining a probe on the ground surface of an archaeological excavation area is called 'squaring', the southwest corner of the excavation area is generally taken as a base point, and the excavation area is taken as a rectangular coordinate system. Then, a plurality of equal excavation areas, called "exploration sides", are divided in excavation, and generally have a specification of 5 × 5 m or 10 × 10m, and a specification of 1 × 1 m is provided for an individual detailed archaeology in the age of old stoneware.
(1) Flexible rule compass cloth square
The tape measure and the compass are used, and the engineering line and the timber pile (drill) are used for determining the vertexes and the side lines of the cloth square. When the square distribution starts, firstly, driving down a timber pile at a base point, taking the base point as a starting point, pulling out one side of a probe with a specified length through a tape measure, measuring the north direction through a compass, carrying out multiple times of calibration, finding out the other vertex of the square distribution, and driving down the timber pile at the point; and by analogy, other vertexes of the layout and all vertexes of the adjacent side can be found, and finally, the layout of the exploration side is finished.
(2) Total station cloth
The total station layout is used for acquiring coordinates of two known points in advance, and sequentially calculating coordinates of each vertex of the probe, wherein one of the two known points is a probe station (probe base point) and the other is a rear view point. And (3) placing the instrument on a measuring station, measuring the instrument height after centering and leveling, placing the prism at a rear viewpoint, and rotating the total station to align the center of the cross wire of the total station to the center of the prism. Starting the total station, selecting a coordinate lofting function program, entering a coordinate lofting interface, selecting a set direction angle, setting a station point name after entering, inputting the station coordinate and the elevation, entering a set rear viewpoint interface after determining, setting the rear viewpoint point name, inputting the rear viewpoint coordinate and the elevation after confirming that the total station is aligned with the center of the prism, entering the set lofting point interface, firstly inputting the height of an instrument, and inputting the lofting point coordinate, the elevation and the height of the prism after determining. And then, lofting can be started, angle adjustment is carried out by selecting 'angle' on a lofting interface, the total station is rotated to adjust dHR parameters to zero, the horizontal braking screw of the total station is fixed, a prism holder is instructed to stand the prism at a position opposite to the total station, the vertical braking screw and the vertical inching screw of the total station are adjusted to enable the cross wire of the total station to be positioned at the center of the prism, the prism is positioned on a connecting line between the total station and a lofting point, a distance adjustment mode is entered, if the value of dHD is negative, the prism needs to move in a direction far away from the total station, otherwise, the prism moves in a direction close to the total station, the position where the prism is positioned when the value of dHD is zero is the lofting point, the point mark is used as the first vertex beside a detection party, then the setting of the next lofting point is entered, and lofting is carried out until all lofting points are.
2. Archaeological site (i.e. construction site) vestige and relic mapping process
(1) Tape measure compass mapping
In the aspects of the plane mapping and the point mapping of the relic, the four walls of the detection party or other relics can be used as reference objects, the relative positions of the relic and the relic are measured, the relative coordinates of the relic points or key points on the relic are obtained, the measured point positions are marked on the rice paper, and then the point positions are manually judged and drawn on site by using a pencil and the rice paper. In the aspect of profile mapping of a probe and a trail, a leveling rod is used for measuring and setting a leveling line, and then the leveling line is used as a reference for measuring characteristic points of each stratum, and finally a picture is formed on the metric paper.
(2) Total station surveying and mapping
The total station can be used for surveying and mapping the trail plan and the position map of the relic, and the measuring station and the total station are set up and erected at the place where the whole excavation area can be seen. When the vestige is cleaned, the total station is used for finding a plurality of characteristic points one by one to obtain three-dimensional coordinates, and then the three-dimensional coordinates are manually drawn on a computer according to the real condition of the vestige. In the aspect of section drawing, the vertical dial is horizontally set to zero, a uniform level surface can be assigned to all the probes at one time by combining the centering rod, then the distance from each stratigraphic line characteristic point to the level surface is obtained, and finally the map is edited on a computer. Because the level surface accuracy of the total station is about 2 seconds, the generated section map can accurately and quantitatively reflect various forms of the stratum.
In conclusion, the mapping method in the prior art has low efficiency, poor intelligence and larger error of mapping results.
In order to improve the accuracy and efficiency of archaeological site archaeological surveying and laying, the method for controlling the archaeological measuring instrument with intelligent research and strong universality becomes an important development direction. The following describes a control method of the archaeological measuring instrument according to an embodiment of the present invention with reference to fig. 2.
Fig. 2 is a flowchart of configuring parameters of a surveying and mapping device by operating a terminal according to an embodiment of the present invention.
In an embodiment of the present invention, the mapping apparatus includes a reference station and a mobile station, and before the control terminal receives a creation instruction sent by a user, the method for controlling the archaeological measuring instrument further includes:
step S201, establishing pairing connection with a reference station;
when the archaeological measuring instrument is used, a proper position is selected and a reference station is erected on an archaeological site. After the reference station is erected, the Bluetooth module of the control terminal searches for the ID number of the reference station, so that the control terminal and the reference station are connected in a matched mode.
Step S202, a first parameter configuration instruction is sent to the reference station to complete parameter configuration of the reference station.
After the control terminal and the reference station are connected in a matched mode, the archaeological staff sends a first parameter configuration instruction to the reference station through the control terminal, parameter configuration is conducted on the reference station, and therefore the reference station can normally receive satellite signals and send the signals. Therefore, the control terminal can receive the feedback information of the reference station in real time and monitor the running condition of the reference station.
After the parameter configuration of the reference station is completed, the method further comprises the following steps:
step S203, establishing pairing connection with the mobile station;
specifically, the Bluetooth module of the control terminal searches for the ID number of the mobile station, so that pairing connection is performed between the control terminal and the mobile station.
Step S204, sending a second parameter configuration instruction to the mobile station to complete the parameter configuration of the mobile station.
Specifically, after the control terminal and the mobile station establish pairing connection, the archaeological staff sends a second parameter configuration instruction to the mobile station through the control terminal to perform parameter configuration on the mobile station.
In addition, after parameter configuration of the mobile station is completed, the archaeological staff sends a communication parameter setting instruction to the mobile station through the control terminal, so that the mobile station normally receives satellite signals and signals of the reference station, the mobile station is ensured to be capable of acquiring stable and effective coordinate information, and the control terminal is further enabled to receive the coordinate information fed back by the mobile station in real time.
After the mobile station completes the setting of the communication parameters, the setting before mapping (i.e., preparation work before mapping) is further performed on the application system of the control terminal, which specifically includes: and configuring coordinate system parameters, calibrating a coordinate management layer and the like. And configuring the coordinate system parameters refers to setting a space coordinate system and projection parameters by archaeological workers according to the requirements of the mapping data of the construction site. The calibration coordinate refers to a coordinate calibration mode which can be selected according to the condition of the control point if the construction site has already performed related surveying and mapping work and has control point data, and comprises point calibration and four-parameter calibration heightening course fitting; the management layer is a data layer which is customized according to the construction site type and the requirement of collected data so as to meet the personalized requirements of data mapping and collection.
After the work is finished, the archaeological tasks can be created and mapped according to the requirements. The specific process is as follows:
(one) in case that the archaeological task is an archaeological lofting task,
before the control terminal sends a prompt signal according to the creation instruction, the method further comprises the following steps:
step S11, the control terminal obtains the layout parameters of the archaeological lofting task, wherein the layout parameters include at least one of the following parameters: the number of the squares, the specifications of the squares, the azimuth of a base point and the magnetic declination angle;
step S12, the control terminal automatically generates a layout chart of the archaeological site according to the layout parameters;
and step S13, sending a third prompt signal to the archaeological staff according to the layout diagram of the archaeological site, so that the archaeological staff can control the mapping device to start to reach the coordinate position of the layout vertex of the archaeological site in the base point direction according to the third prompt signal, wherein the third prompt signal is used for prompting the archaeological staff to move the mapping device.
When the mobile station is used, the mobile station is placed at the base point position of the layout, and layout parameters of the archaeological lofting task are set on the control terminal. After the layout parameters are set, the mobile station keeps the centering rod level bubble centered, and then the layout of the archaeological site can be automatically drawn on the interface of the control terminal.
And after the layout chart is generated, the control terminal sends a third prompt signal to the archaeological staff according to the layout chart and the position of the current mobile station, wherein the third prompt signal is used for prompting the archaeological staff to move the direction of the surveying and mapping device. And the archaeological staff controls the mobile station to reach each distribution vertex coordinate position of the archaeological site according to the third prompt signal. The method comprises the specific process that on the basis of a layout chart, according to voice navigation and character prompt sent by a control terminal, the position of the mobile station is manually changed, so that the mobile station can quickly and accurately find the coordinate position of the layout vertex of the archaeological site, and the archaeological worker can efficiently and accurately complete layout.
(II) under the condition that the archaeological task is a planar mapping archaeological task, the coordinate information comprises the coordinate information of the characteristic points of the archaeological mapping object,
the operation terminal sends a prompt signal according to the creation instruction, and the prompt signal comprises the following steps:
step S21, determining an archaeological mapping object in the archaeological site according to the judgment of the archaeological staff;
before the survey and drawing, archaeological personnel can judge the archaeological scene, determine archaeological surveying object, and then confirm the spatial data collection type according to archaeological surveying object, wherein, the spatial data collection type includes: building site, exploring, vestige, relic, pile up, scenic spot and auxiliary point, and then selecting different line types for drawing according to the approximate shape of the drawing graph.
Step S22, sending a first prompt signal to the archaeological staff based on the determined archaeological surveying object, so that the archaeological staff control the surveying and mapping device to move along the characteristic points of the archaeological surveying and mapping object to complete the planar surveying and mapping archaeological task of the archaeological surveying and mapping object, wherein the first prompt signal is used for prompting the archaeological staff to start surveying and mapping the archaeological surveying and mapping object.
The control terminal acquires coordinate information sent by the mapping device, and automatically generates mapping results according to the coordinate information, wherein the mapping results comprise:
step S23, determining the mapping mode when mapping the archaeological mapping object, and determining the data storage layer, wherein the mapping mode includes: a GPS mapping mode and/or a manual mapping mode;
the planar mapping supports two graphic data drawing modes of GPS drawing and hand drawing. The GPS drawing mode is accurate and efficient, is the most common data acquisition mode for archaeological site surveying and mapping, and the manual surveying and mapping mode is a supplement to GPS drawing, so that the planar graph can be drawn by means of control points under the condition without GPS signals. The data storage layer specifically refers to classified recording and management of data.
And step S24, processing the feature point coordinate information of the archaeological surveying object based on the surveying and mapping mode and the data storage layer to obtain a plane survey and mapping of the archaeological surveying object.
Specifically, in the planar mapping, an archaeological worker manually places a mobile station at a characteristic point position of an archaeological mapping object (such as a probe, a vestige and a relic), a control terminal records the spatial point coordinate data of the mobile station at the current position by acquiring the spatial coordinate data of the mobile station, then manually changes the position of the mobile station on the characteristic point of the archaeological mapping object, the control terminal acquires the spatial coordinate data of the next position of the mobile station and records the spatial point coordinate data of the mobile station at the next position, and thus, a point pattern can be generated on the control terminal, lines are generated by multiple points, and multiple lines form a plane, and the drawing of the points, the lines and the plane is automatically completed.
And operations such as adding points, deleting points, canceling, setting styles, editing attributes and the like are supported in the plane mapping process.
Thirdly, under the condition that the archaeological task is a section mapping archaeological task, the coordinate information comprises the coordinate information of the characteristic points of the formation line of the exploration party,
the operation terminal sends a prompt signal according to the creation instruction, and the prompt signal comprises the following steps:
step S31, arbitrarily selecting one side wall from four side walls of a detection party as a target side wall, and sending a second prompt signal to the archaeological staff to enable the archaeological staff to control the mapping device to move along a formation line of the detection party of the target side wall, wherein the second prompt signal is used for prompting the archaeological staff to start mapping the target side wall;
the method comprises the steps of firstly collecting and recording four vertex coordinates of a probe, randomly selecting a certain wall surface from four side walls of an east wall, a south wall, a west wall and a north wall to serve as a target side wall, sending a second prompt signal to an archaeological worker, prompting the archaeological worker to start surveying and mapping the target side wall, controlling the surveying and mapping device to move along a probe stratum line of the target side wall by the archaeological worker, collecting characteristic point coordinate information of the stratum line, and returning the characteristic point coordinate information of the probe stratum line to a control terminal.
The control terminal acquires coordinate information sent by the mapping device, and automatically generates mapping results according to the coordinate information, wherein the mapping results comprise:
step S32, obtaining the characteristic point coordinate information of the survey and drawing device measured when moving along the survey and drawing device;
and step S33, processing the feature point coordinate information of the exploration ground layer line by using a space geometric algorithm to obtain a profile map of the target side wall.
In addition, the profile mapping also supports two mapping modes of GPS mapping and hand mapping. The GPS drawing mode is accurate and efficient and is mainly used for drawing the four-wall stratum line of the exploration square, the hand drawing mode is complementary to the GPS drawing mode, partial section drawing and mapping graph is drawn manually, and meanwhile drawing of the graph can be completed by means of the control points under the condition that GPS signals do not exist.
And operations such as point adding, point deleting, point canceling, style setting, attribute editing and the like are supported in the profile mapping process.
(IV) in case that the archaeological task is a site survey archaeological task,
the operation terminal sends a prompt signal according to the creation instruction, and the prompt signal comprises the following steps:
step S41, determining an archaeological object to be measured in the archaeological site according to the judgment of the archaeological staff;
step S42, sending a fourth prompting signal to the archaeological staff based on the determined archaeological object to be measured, so that the archaeological staff controls the surveying and mapping device to start measuring the archaeological object to be measured, wherein the fourth prompting signal is used for prompting the archaeological staff to start measuring the archaeological object to be measured;
step S43, after sending a fourth prompt signal to the archaeological staff, the control terminal acquires parameter information of the archaeological object to be measured returned by the surveying and mapping device in real time, and obtains a surveying and mapping result of the construction site archaeological measurement task according to the parameter information, wherein the parameter information comprises at least one of the following: length information of the archaeological object to be measured, area information of the archaeological object to be measured, and angle information of the archaeological object to be measured.
It should be noted that, in the embodiment of the present invention, various data collected by the archaeological measuring instrument can be exported into a universal data format so as to be compatible with the processing requirements of other software tool data.
Example two
The present invention also provides another alternative embodiment, referring to fig. 3, an archaeological gauge, comprising: a manipulation terminal 11 and a surveying and mapping apparatus 12;
the control terminal 11 is configured to receive a creation instruction sent by a user, and send a prompt signal according to the creation instruction, where the creation instruction is an instruction for creating an archaeological task, and the archaeological task includes at least one of the following: the method comprises the following steps of carrying out plane surveying and mapping archaeological tasks, section surveying and mapping archaeological tasks, archaeological lofting tasks and construction site measurement archaeological tasks;
a mapping device 12, which is used for executing the archaeological task under the control of the archaeological staff and returning the coordinate information to the control terminal 11,
after acquiring the coordinate information sent by the mapping device 12, the control terminal 11 automatically generates a mapping result according to the coordinate information.
This part of the content has already been described in detail in step S101 to step S103 of the first embodiment, and is not described again here.
The structure and operation of the archaeological measuring instrument will be described in detail below, with reference to fig. 4 and 5.
Referring to fig. 4, the mapping device 12 includes: an RTK measuring instrument, wherein the RTK measuring instrument includes: a reference station 121 and a mobile station 122;
in the embodiment of the present invention, the surveying and mapping apparatus uses an RTK measuring instrument, and in practical applications, the surveying and mapping apparatus may also be other apparatuses capable of implementing positioning, and the apparatus capable of implementing positioning can acquire coordinate data.
Further, the manipulation terminal 11 includes a reference station setting module 111;
the reference station setting module is used for receiving a first parameter configuration instruction sent by a user and transmitting the first parameter configuration instruction to the reference station so as to perform parameter configuration on the reference station;
specifically, the reference station is in communication connection with the control terminal, and is configured to receive a first parameter configuration instruction transmitted by the control terminal, and perform parameter configuration according to the first parameter configuration instruction, where the first parameter configuration instruction carries configuration parameters for configuring the reference station;
when the archaeological measuring instrument is used for surveying and mapping, a proper position is selected and a reference station is erected on the archaeological construction site. After the reference station is erected, the Bluetooth submodule in the reference station setting module searches the ID number of the reference station, so that the control terminal and the reference station are connected in a matched mode.
After the pairing connection between the control terminal and the reference station is established, the archaeological staff further sends a first parameter configuration instruction to the reference station through the reference station setting module, and performs parameter configuration on the reference station, so that the reference station can normally receive satellite signals and transmit the signals. Therefore, the control terminal can receive the feedback information of the reference station in real time and monitor the running condition of the reference station.
Further, the manipulation terminal 11 includes a mobile station setting module 112;
and the mobile station setting module is used for receiving a second parameter configuration instruction sent by the user after the reference station completes configuration, and transmitting the second parameter configuration instruction to the mobile station so as to configure the parameters of the mobile station.
Specifically, the mobile station is in communication connection with the control terminal, and is configured to receive a second parameter configuration instruction transmitted by the control terminal after the reference station completes configuration, and perform parameter configuration according to the second parameter configuration instruction, where the second parameter configuration instruction carries configuration parameters for configuring the mobile station.
And searching the ID number of the mobile station through a Bluetooth submodule of the mobile station setting module so as to enable the control terminal and the mobile station to be in pairing connection.
After the control terminal and the mobile station establish pairing connection, the archaeological staff further sends a second parameter configuration instruction to the mobile station through the mobile station setting module to perform parameter configuration on the mobile station.
In addition, after the parameter configuration of the mobile station is completed, the archaeological staff sends a communication parameter setting instruction to the mobile station through the mobile station setting module, so that stable and reliable communication connection is ensured to be established between the mobile station and the reference station, and the control terminal is enabled to receive the coordinate information fed back by the mobile station in real time.
Further, the manipulation terminal 11 further includes: a system management function module 113;
the system management function module is used for carrying out initial setting on the application system after the mobile station completes the communication parameter setting, wherein the initial setting comprises at least one of the following: and configuring coordinate system parameters, calibrating coordinates and managing the image layer.
The configuration of the coordinate system parameters refers to setting of a space coordinate system and projection parameters by archaeological workers according to the requirements of the mapping data of the construction site; the calibration coordinate refers to a coordinate calibration mode which can be selected according to the condition of the control point if the construction site has already performed related surveying and mapping work and has control point data, and comprises point calibration and four-parameter calibration heightening course fitting; the management layer is a data layer which is customized according to the construction site type and the requirement of collected data so as to meet the personalized requirements of data mapping and collection.
Further, the manipulation terminal 11 further includes: a task management function 114;
a task management function module 114, configured to manage the archaeological task after the system management function module completes the initial setting, where the task of managing the archaeological task includes at least one of: newly-built archaeological task, delete archaeological task and duplicate archaeological task, archaeological task includes at least one of following: the planar surveying and mapping archaeological task comprises a planar surveying and mapping archaeological task, an archaeological lofting task and a building site surveying archaeological task.
The first three reference numerals (i.e., reference numerals 1, 2, and 3) in fig. 5 are used to denote the structures included in the archaeological gauge, and the remaining reference numerals (i.e., reference numerals other than reference numerals 1, 2, and 3) denote the operation processes when the archaeological gauge performs surveying and mapping.
After a new archaeological task is selected, an operation interface of a specific surveying and mapping task appears on the control terminal interface. The method specifically comprises the following steps:
further, the manipulation terminal 11 further includes: a plane mapping module 115, a profile mapping module 116, an archaeological loft module 117, and a worksite measurement module 118;
a plane mapping module 115, configured to draw a plane map according to the coordinates of the feature points of the archaeological mapping object transmitted by the mobile station moving along the feature points of the archaeological mapping object, where a drawing manner of the plane map includes at least one of: GPS drawing and/or hand drawing;
specifically, the archaeological staff can judge the archaeological site, determine the archaeological surveying object, determine the data acquisition type (for example, construction site, visit, vestige, relic, accumulation, full sight spot and auxiliary point) according to the archaeological surveying object, then determine the line type according to the rough shape of the drawing figure, and then select a surveying mode (GPS surveying mode and/or manual surveying mode), according to the user's confirmation surveying instruction, just can accomplish the plane surveying automatically. During surveying and mapping, the mobile station is manually controlled to move along the characteristic points of the archaeological surveying and mapping object, the characteristic point coordinate information of the archaeological surveying and mapping object is transmitted to the control terminal during moving, the control terminal draws points according to the characteristic point coordinates, point patterns are generated, lines are generated by multiple points, multiple lines form a surface, and automatic surveying and mapping is completed. This part of the content has also been described in detail in (ii) the control method section of the archaeological gauge in the case where the archaeological task is a planar mapping archaeological task.
A profile mapping module 116 for mapping a profile map of the target sidewall based on the transmitted probe stratigraphic line feature point coordinate information as the mobile station moves along the probe stratigraphic line of the target sidewall, wherein the profile map is mapped in a manner that includes at least one of: a GPS drawing mode and/or a hand drawing mode;
specifically, four vertex coordinates of a probe are recorded, and then a certain wall surface is selected from four side walls, namely an east wall, a south wall, a west wall and a north wall, as a target side wall, and a mapping mode is selected. The mapping can be automatically completed according to the mapping instruction confirmed by the user. During surveying and mapping, the mobile station is manually controlled to move along the detection party stratum line of the target side wall, the characteristic point coordinate information of the detection party stratum line is transmitted to the control terminal during moving, the control terminal processes the characteristic point coordinate information of the detection party stratum line by using a space geometric algorithm, and then automatic section drawing of the target side wall is completed. And drawing the next wall surface according to the operation process until the whole drawing of the four walls is completed. This part of the content has also been described in detail in (iii) of the control method section of the archaeological gauge in the case where the archaeological task is a cross-sectional mapping archaeological task.
The archaeological lofting module 117 is configured to automatically generate a layout chart of an archaeological site according to layout parameters, where the layout parameters include at least one of: the number of the squares, the specifications of the squares, the azimuth of a base point and the magnetic declination angle;
specifically, get into archaeology lofting module after, set up the layout parameter, keep the mobile station centering rod air level placed in the middle, and then just can draw out the on-the-spot layout of archaeology automatically on the interface at control terminal. And after the layout chart is generated, the control terminal sends a third prompt signal to the archaeological staff, and the archaeological staff controls the mobile station to reach each layout vertex coordinate position of the archaeological site according to the third prompt signal. The method comprises the specific process that on the basis of a layout chart, according to voice navigation and character prompt sent by a control terminal, the position of the mobile station is manually changed, so that the mobile station can quickly and accurately find the coordinate position of the layout vertex of the archaeological site, and the archaeological staff can efficiently and accurately complete layout. This part of the content has also been described in detail in (a) of the control method section of the archaeological gauge in the case where the archaeological task is an archaeological loft task.
A site measurement module 118, configured to store parameter information of the archaeological object to be measured by the surveying and mapping device, and obtain a surveying and mapping result of the site measurement archaeological task according to the parameter information, where the parameter information includes at least one of the following: length information of the archaeological object to be measured, area information of the archaeological object to be measured, and angle information of the archaeological object to be measured.
This part of the content has already been described in detail in (iv) the control method section of the archaeological gauge in the case where the archaeological task is a site measurement archaeological task, and will not be described again here.
The archaeological measuring instrument in the embodiment of the invention absorbs the advantages of the existing surveying and mapping equipment, closely combines the on-site surveying and mapping work specification and requirements of the archaeological construction site, and makes up the defects of the existing surveying and mapping technology. The archaeological measuring instrument enables the site mapping work of the construction site to be convenient, intelligent and simple in a brand-new technical mode. The technical effects brought by the application of the archaeological measuring instrument on the construction site comprise accurate and efficient layout, intelligent and convenient spatial data acquisition and a multivariate and practical application mode.
To sum up, the control method of the archaeological measuring instrument provided by the embodiment of the invention has the following advantages:
1. accurate efficient cloth side
The mode that the utility model carries out the ground of worker's cloth side is put out to the archaeology of utilizing archaeology measuring apparatu archaeology, adopts this mode can reach accurate efficient technological effect. Compared with the traditional mode of squaring by using tools such as a tape compass and the like, the archaeological measuring instrument in the embodiment of the invention is based on high-precision GNSS RTK equipment, the control method of the archaeological measuring instrument in the embodiment of the invention has the advantages that the horizontal error of the squaring is 0-2 cm, the elevation error is 0-3 cm, and the squaring precision is far superior to that of the traditional mode. Meanwhile, the archaeological measuring instrument combines with archaeological layout service specifications and requirements, only the layout parameters need to be set, the layout can be automatically generated, the archaeological worker is accurately guided to quickly find the layout vertex position by means of voice navigation and text description by relying on RTK real-time position information, and one-key type accurate tracking lofting is realized. Taking 10 probe-square-wave-distribution of 10 × 10m as an example, the average time for completing all the works of the distribution is 1 h.
Therefore, compared with the prior art of tape compass, total station or RTK, the archaeological measuring instrument has higher precision and efficiency.
2. Intelligent and convenient spatial data acquisition
Adopt archaeological measuring apparatu to carry out the mode of the on-the-spot survey and drawing work of building site, this mode can reach the convenient spatial data acquisition's of intelligence technical effect. The point coordinate data acquired by the plane surveying and mapping module and the section surveying and mapping module provided by the archaeological measuring instrument in the embodiment of the invention on a construction site are intelligent and automatically generated to form graphic data, and the object attributes can be directly edited, so that the workload of surveying and mapping data processing of archaeological workers is greatly simplified, and the surveying and mapping work efficiency and level are improved. Taking the planar graph of the vestige with 5 points to be measured as an example, the measuring and drawing time is about 3 minutes.
Therefore, compared with the prior art of using a tape measure compass, a total station or RTK and the like to collect spatial data, the archaeological measuring instrument is more intelligent and convenient.
3. Multiple practical application mode
On the archaeological site, tools such as a traditional tape compass can only help archaeological workers to identify directions and measure distance, and measurement of data in aspects such as the area and the angle of an archaeological object with large specification cannot be met. By adopting the function of the construction site measuring module of the archaeological measuring instrument in the embodiment of the invention, the data of angles, areas, lengths and the like of any object on the archaeological construction site can be measured and mapped, and the measurement result is output. In addition, the layer management module provides layer classification management and maintenance functions aiming at the archaeological service process specifications, meets requirements of field data layering and classification acquisition recording, supports user-defined newly-built layer objects, and meets diversified requirements and applications of archaeological construction sites.
Finally, it should be noted that: the above-mentioned embodiments are only specific embodiments of the present invention, which are used for illustrating the technical solutions of the present invention and not for limiting the same, and the protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, although the present invention is described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, those skilled in the art should understand that: any person skilled in the art can modify or easily conceive the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments or equivalent substitutes for some technical features within the technical scope of the present disclosure; such modifications, changes or substitutions do not depart from the spirit and scope of the embodiments of the present invention, and they should be construed as being included therein. Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention shall be subject to the protection scope of the claims.

Claims (9)

1. The control method of the archaeological measuring instrument is characterized in that the archaeological measuring instrument comprises a control terminal and a mapping device;
the method comprises the steps that a control terminal receives a creation instruction sent by a user, wherein the creation instruction is an instruction for creating an archaeological task;
the control terminal sends a prompt signal according to the creating instruction so that the archaeological staff can control the mapping device to execute a corresponding archaeological task;
the control terminal acquires coordinate information sent by the mapping device and automatically generates a mapping result according to the coordinate information;
wherein, under the condition that the archaeological task is an archaeological lofting task, the method further comprises the following steps:
the control terminal obtains the layout parameters of the archaeological lofting task, wherein the layout parameters comprise at least one of the following parameters: the number of the squares, the specifications of the squares, the azimuth of a base point and the magnetic declination angle;
the control terminal automatically generates a layout chart of the archaeological site according to the layout parameters;
sending a prompt signal to the archaeological staff according to the layout diagram of the archaeological site so that the archaeological staff control the mapping device to start to reach the coordinate position of the layout vertex of the archaeological site in the base point azimuth according to the prompt signal, wherein the prompt signal is used for prompting the archaeological staff to move the direction of the mapping device.
2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the coordinate information includes feature point coordinate information of an archaeological mapping object, the archaeological task further includes a planar mapping archaeological task, and in the case where the archaeological task is the planar mapping archaeological task,
the operation and control terminal sending the prompt signal according to the creation instruction comprises the following steps: determining the archaeological mapping object in the archaeological scene according to the judgment of the archaeological staff; sending a first prompting signal to the archaeological staff based on the determined archaeological surveying object, so that the archaeological staff controls the surveying device to move along the characteristic points of the archaeological surveying object to complete the planar surveying archaeological task for the archaeological surveying object, wherein the first prompting signal is used for prompting the archaeological staff to start surveying the archaeological surveying object;
the control terminal acquires the coordinate information sent by the mapping device, and automatically generates a mapping result according to the coordinate information, wherein the mapping result comprises the following steps: determining a mapping mode when the archaeological mapping object is mapped and determining a data storage layer, wherein the mapping mode comprises the following steps: a GPS mapping mode and/or a manual mapping mode; and processing the feature point coordinate information of the archaeological surveying object based on the surveying and mapping mode and the data storage layer to obtain a plane survey and mapping of the archaeological surveying object.
3. The method according to claim 1, wherein the coordinate information includes feature point coordinate information of a formation line of a probe, the archaeological task further includes a cross-sectional mapping archaeological task, and in the case where the archaeological task is the cross-sectional mapping archaeological task,
the operation and control terminal sending the prompt signal according to the creation instruction comprises the following steps: randomly selecting one side wall from four side walls of a probe as a target side wall, and sending a second prompt signal to the archaeological staff to enable the archaeological staff to control the mapping device to move along a formation line of the probe of the target side wall, wherein the second prompt signal is used for prompting the archaeological staff to start mapping the target side wall;
the control terminal acquires the coordinate information sent by the mapping device, and automatically generates a mapping result according to the coordinate information, wherein the mapping result comprises the following steps: acquiring feature point coordinate information of the formation line of the probe, which is measured when the mapping device moves along the formation line of the probe; and processing the feature point coordinate information of the exploration stratum line by using a space geometric algorithm to obtain a profile map of the target side wall.
4. The method according to claim 1, wherein the archaeological task further comprises a site measurement archaeological task, and in the case that the archaeological task is the site measurement archaeological task, the sending of the prompt signal by the control terminal according to the creation instruction comprises:
determining an archaeological object to be measured in the archaeological site according to the judgment of the archaeological staff;
sending a fourth prompting signal to the archaeological staff based on the determined archaeological object to be measured, so that the archaeological staff controls the surveying and mapping device to start measuring the archaeological object to be measured, wherein the fourth prompting signal is used for prompting the archaeological staff to start measuring the archaeological object to be measured;
after the fourth prompt signal is sent to the archaeological staff, the control terminal acquires parameter information of the archaeological object to be measured, which is returned by the surveying and mapping device, in real time, and obtains a surveying and mapping result of the site measurement archaeological task according to the parameter information, wherein the parameter information comprises at least one of the following: length information of the archaeological object to be measured, area information of the archaeological object to be measured, and angle information of the archaeological object to be measured.
5. The method according to claim 1, wherein the mapping device comprises a reference station, and before the manipulation terminal receives a creation instruction sent by a user, the method further comprises:
establishing a pairing connection with the reference station;
and sending a first parameter configuration instruction to the reference station to complete parameter configuration of the reference station.
6. The method of claim 1, wherein the mapping apparatus comprises a mobile station, and wherein before the manipulation terminal receives a creation instruction sent by a user, the method further comprises:
establishing a pairing connection with the mobile station;
and sending a second parameter configuration instruction to the mobile station to complete the parameter configuration of the mobile station.
7. An archaeological gauge, comprising: a control terminal and a surveying and mapping device;
the control terminal is used for receiving a creation instruction sent by a user and sending a prompt signal according to the creation instruction, wherein the creation instruction is an instruction for creating an archaeological task;
the mapping device is used for executing the archaeological task under the control of the archaeological staff and returning coordinate information to the control terminal,
after the control terminal acquires the coordinate information sent by the mapping device, automatically generating a mapping result according to the coordinate information;
wherein, under the condition that the archaeological task is the archaeological lofting task, before the control terminal sends a prompt signal according to the creation instruction, the control terminal is further configured to:
obtaining the layout parameters of the archaeological lofting task, and automatically generating a layout chart of an archaeological site according to the layout parameters, wherein the layout parameters comprise at least one of the following parameters: the number of the squares, the specifications of the squares, the azimuth of a base point and the magnetic declination angle;
the control terminal is further used for sending a prompt signal to the archaeological staff according to the layout diagram of the archaeological site, so that the archaeological staff can control the mapping device to start to reach the coordinate position of the layout vertex of the archaeological site in the base point azimuth according to the prompt signal, wherein the prompt signal is used for prompting the archaeological staff to move the direction of the mapping device.
8. The archaeological gauge of claim 7, wherein the mapping device comprises: an RTK gauge, wherein the RTK gauge includes: a reference station and a mobile station;
the reference station is in communication connection with the control terminal and is used for receiving a first parameter configuration instruction transmitted by the control terminal and performing parameter configuration according to the first parameter configuration instruction, wherein the first parameter configuration instruction carries configuration parameters for configuring the reference station;
the mobile station is in communication connection with the control terminal, and is configured to receive a second parameter configuration instruction transmitted by the control terminal after the reference station completes configuration, and perform parameter configuration according to the second parameter configuration instruction, where the second parameter configuration instruction carries configuration parameters for configuring the mobile station.
9. The archaeological gauge of claim 7, wherein the archaeological task further comprises at least one of: the plane survey archaeological task, the section survey archaeological task, the building site measurement archaeological task.
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