CN107082990A - 一种复合改性聚氯乙烯绝缘电线及其制备方法 - Google Patents

一种复合改性聚氯乙烯绝缘电线及其制备方法 Download PDF

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CN107082990A
CN107082990A CN201710441800.0A CN201710441800A CN107082990A CN 107082990 A CN107082990 A CN 107082990A CN 201710441800 A CN201710441800 A CN 201710441800A CN 107082990 A CN107082990 A CN 107082990A
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吴振江
於国良
沈刚
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SHANGHAI XINYI POWER LINE EQUIPMENT Co Ltd
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Abstract

本发明涉及一种复合改性聚氯乙烯绝缘电线及其制备方法。与现有技术相比,根据本发明实施例的制备方法采用聚氯乙烯、双季戊四醇酯、乙酰柠檬三丁酯、液体石蜡、硅酸共沉淀硅酸铅、硬脂酸锌、硬脂酸钡、二酚基丙烷、碳酸钙、炭黑、聚酰亚胺制备复合改性聚氯乙烯绝缘层。根据本发明实施例的复合改性聚氯乙烯电线的制备方法,可以显著改善电线的机械性能、抗冲击性能、耐热性能和阻燃性能,显著提高电线在极端环境中的服役寿命,使电线应用更安全。

Description

一种复合改性聚氯乙烯绝缘电线及其制备方法
技术领域
本发明属于输配电线路器材领域,涉及一种电线及其制备方法,尤其涉及一种复合改性聚氯乙烯绝缘电线及其制备方法。
背景技术
电线是电力系统中重要的组成部分,其性能对电力能源的安全稳定传输具有重要影响。电线的性能主要包括导体和绝缘等性能,特别是绝缘性能对电线的安全服役运行至关重要。聚氯乙烯是电线重要的绝缘材料之一,由聚氯乙烯材料作为绝缘的电线广泛应用于固定布线、交通运输等多个领域,如何提高聚氯乙烯绝缘电线的机械性能、耐热性能和阻燃性能,对于提高电线的安全性能具有重要意义,也是电线领域研究人员一直致力于研究的方向。
发明内容
为了克服现有技术中存在的问题,本发明旨在提供一种复合改性聚氯乙烯绝缘电线及复合改性聚氯乙烯绝缘电线的制备方法。
根据本发明的一方面,一种复合改性聚氯乙烯绝缘电线,由导体、复合改性聚氯乙烯绝缘层组成;所述复合改性聚氯乙烯绝缘层由聚氯乙烯100重量份、双季戊四醇酯1-2重量份、乙酰柠檬三丁酯2-5重量份、液体石蜡0.8-1.8重量份、硅酸共沉淀硅酸铅1-3重量份、硬脂酸锌0.8-1.5重量份、硬脂酸钡1.2-1.6重量份、二酚基丙烷1-2重量份、碳酸钙1-2重量份、炭黑1-2重量份、聚酰亚胺0.2-8重量份制成。
根据本发明的另一方面,一种复合改性聚氯乙烯绝缘电线的制备方法,包括以下步骤:
采用金属材料,制得导体;
按上述配比将聚氯乙烯、双季戊四醇酯、乙酰柠檬三丁酯、液体石蜡、硅酸共沉淀硅酸铅、硬脂酸锌、硬脂酸钡、二酚基丙烷、碳酸钙、炭黑、聚酰亚胺混合均匀,并加入密炼机中混炼,混炼温度为125℃-135℃,混炼时间为15min-25min;将混炼后的胶体挤包在导体外,挤包温度为175℃-185℃,挤包压力为2MPa-5MPa,形成复合改性聚氯乙烯绝绝缘层,从而制得复合改性聚氯乙烯绝缘电线。
根据本发明的示例性实施例,所述绝复合改性聚氯乙烯绝缘层的最小冲击强度为19.2kJ/m2,拉伸强度为55.8MPa-60.2MPa,最小断裂伸长率为16.8%,氧指数为55%-58%。
本发明与现有技术相比,根据本发明的复合改性聚氯乙烯绝缘电线,可以显著改善电线的机械性能、抗冲击性能、耐热性能和阻燃性能,显著提高电线在极端环境中的服役寿命,使电线应用更安全。
具体实施方式
为使本发明技术方案和优点更加清楚,通过以下几个具体实施例对本发明作进一步详细描述。显然,所描述的实施例是本发明一部分实施例,而不是全部的实施例。基于本发明中的实施例,本领域普通技术人员在没有做出创造性劳动的前提下所获得的所有其他实施例,都属于本发明保护的范围。
实施例1:
1、采用金属材料(例如,退火铜材料、铝合金等),制得导体;
2、将100重量份聚氯乙烯、1重量份双季戊四醇酯、2重量份乙酰柠檬三丁酯、0.8重量份液体石蜡、1重量份硅酸共沉淀硅酸铅、0.8重量份硬脂酸锌、1.2重量份硬脂酸钡、1重量份二酚基丙烷、1重量碳酸钙、1重量份炭黑、0.2重量份聚酰亚胺混合均匀,并加入密炼机中混炼,混炼温度为125℃-135℃,混炼时间为25min;将混炼后的胶体挤包在导体外,挤包温度为175℃-185℃,挤包压力为2MPa,形成复合改性聚氯乙烯绝绝缘层,制得复合改性聚氯乙烯绝缘电线。
3、制得的复合改性聚氯乙烯绝缘层的冲击强度为19.2kJ/m2,拉伸强度为55.8MPa,断裂伸长率为16.8%,氧指数为55%。
实施例2:
1、采用金属材料,制得导体;
2、将100重量份聚氯乙烯、1重量份双季戊四醇酯、3重量份乙酰柠檬三丁酯、1.2重量份液体石蜡、2重量份硅酸共沉淀硅酸铅、1.1重量份硬脂酸锌、1.2重量份硬脂酸钡、1.5重量份二酚基丙烷、1重量碳酸钙、1.3重量份炭黑、5重量份聚酰亚胺混合均匀,并加入密炼机中混炼,混炼温度为125℃-135℃,混炼25min;将混炼后的胶体挤包在导体外,挤包温度为175℃-185℃,挤包压力为3MPa,形成复合改性聚氯乙烯绝绝缘层,制得复合改性聚氯乙烯绝缘电线。
3、制得的复合改性聚氯乙烯绝缘层的冲击强度为19.8kJ/m2,拉伸强度为60.2MPa,断裂伸长率为18.1%,氧指数为56%。
实施例3:
1、采用金属材料,制得导体;
2、将100重量份聚氯乙烯、2重量份双季戊四醇酯、5重量份乙酰柠檬三丁酯、1.8重量份液体石蜡、3重量份硅酸共沉淀硅酸铅、1.5重量份硬脂酸锌、1.6重量份硬脂酸钡、2重量份二酚基丙烷、2重量碳酸钙、2重量份炭黑、8重量份聚酰亚胺混合均匀,并加入密炼机中混炼,混炼温度为125℃-135℃,混炼25min;将混炼后的胶体挤包在导体外,挤包温度为175℃-185℃,挤包压力为5MPa,形成复合改性聚氯乙烯绝绝缘层,制得复合改性聚氯乙烯绝缘电线。
3、制得的复合改性聚氯乙烯绝缘层的冲击强度为21.5kJ/m2,拉伸强度为59.8MPa,断裂伸长率为17.2%,氧指数为58%。
以上所述的具体实施方式,对本发明的目的、技术方案和有益效果进行了进一步详细说明,所应理解的是,以上所述仅为本发明的具体实施方式而已,并不用于限定本发明的保护范围,凡在本发明的精神和原则之内,所做的任何修改、等同替换、改进等,均应包含在本发明的保护范围之内。

Claims (3)

1.一种复合改性聚氯乙烯绝缘电线,其特征在于,所述复合改性聚氯乙烯绝缘电线由导体、复合改性聚氯乙烯绝缘层组成;所述复合改性聚氯乙烯绝缘层由聚氯乙烯100重量份、双季戊四醇酯1-2重量份、乙酰柠檬三丁酯2-5重量份、液体石蜡0.8-1.8重量份、硅酸共沉淀硅酸铅1-3重量份、硬脂酸锌0.8-1.5重量份、硬脂酸钡1.2-1.6重量份、二酚基丙烷1-2重量份、碳酸钙1-2重量份、炭黑1-2重量份、聚酰亚胺0.2-8重量份制成。
2.一种复合改性聚氯乙烯绝缘电线的制备方法,其特征在于,包括以下步骤:
采用金属材料,制得导体;
将聚氯乙烯100重量份、双季戊四醇酯1-2重量份、乙酰柠檬三丁酯2-5重量份、液体石蜡0.8-1.8重量份、硅酸共沉淀硅酸铅1-3重量份、硬脂酸锌0.8-1.5重量份、硬脂酸钡1.2-1.6重量份、二酚基丙烷1-2重量份、碳酸钙1-2重量份、炭黑1-2重量份、聚酰亚胺0.2-8重量份混合均匀,并加入密炼机中混炼,混炼温度为125℃-135℃,混炼时间为15min-25min;将混炼后的胶体挤包在导体外,挤包温度为175℃-185℃,挤包压力为2MPa-5MPa,形成复合改性聚氯乙烯绝缘层,最终制得复合改性聚氯乙烯绝缘电线。
3.根据权利要求2所述的制备方法,其特征在于,所述绝复合改性聚氯乙烯绝缘层的最小冲击强度为19.2kJ/m2,拉伸强度为55.8MPa-60.2MPa,最小断裂伸长率为16.8%,氧指数为55%-58%。
CN201710441800.0A 2017-06-13 2017-06-13 一种复合改性聚氯乙烯绝缘电线及其制备方法 Pending CN107082990A (zh)

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Application publication date: 20170822