CN107081581B - Positioning and assembling device for barrel handle and container barrel - Google Patents

Positioning and assembling device for barrel handle and container barrel Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107081581B
CN107081581B CN201710474040.3A CN201710474040A CN107081581B CN 107081581 B CN107081581 B CN 107081581B CN 201710474040 A CN201710474040 A CN 201710474040A CN 107081581 B CN107081581 B CN 107081581B
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Prior art keywords
barrel
handle
container
positioning
driver
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CN107081581A (en
Inventor
焦邦杰
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Changzhou Centrway Plastics Co ltd
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Changzhou Centrway Plastics Co ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/001Article feeders for assembling machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B11/00Work holders not covered by any preceding group in the subclass, e.g. magnetic work holders, vacuum work holders
    • B25B11/02Assembly jigs

Abstract

The invention discloses a positioning and assembling device for a barrel handle and a container barrel, and belongs to the field of automatic equipment. The invention relates to a positioning assembly device for a barrel handle and a container barrel, which comprises a container barrel positioning device and a barrel handle grabbing assembly device, wherein the container barrel positioning device comprises a mounting hole positioning mechanism and a mounting hole supporting mechanism positioned at a positioned mounting hole, and the mounting hole supporting mechanism is provided with a supporting block capable of supporting the mounting hole and a supporting block driving mechanism connected with the supporting block; the barrel handle grabbing assembly device comprises a finger claw mechanism capable of grabbing the barrel handle and installing the same and a finger claw moving mechanism driving the finger claw mechanism to grab the barrel handle and convey the same to the container barrel positioning device. According to the invention, the mounting hole is positioned and fixed by using the container barrel positioning device, and the mounting hole is supported by using the supporting block, so that the barrel handle can be accurately and stably mounted on the container barrel, the problems of improper mounting of the barrel handle and the like caused by deformation of the barrel handle mounting hole are effectively prevented, and the barrel handle mounting success rate is greatly improved.

Description

Positioning and assembling device for barrel handle and container barrel
Technical Field
The invention relates to a barrel handle and container barrel body assembling device, in particular to a positioning assembling device capable of accurately and stably assembling a barrel handle and a container barrel.
Background
As shown in fig. 1, in order to facilitate carrying, a tub body 200 of a sealed container tub for product packaging is generally provided with a tub handle 100 (may also be referred to as a tub hook or a handle), a tub opening of such tub body 200 is provided with a skirt 201, two opposite mounting holes are provided on the skirt 201, two ends of the tub handle 100 are provided with hook heads 101, and the assembling connection between the tub handle 100 and the tub body 200 can be completed by inserting the hook heads 101 of the tub handle 100 into the mounting holes on the skirt 201.
At present, the assembly of the barrel handle and the container barrel is mainly finished by manpower, and the assembly efficiency is very low, the labor intensity of workers is high, and the labor cost is high. Due to the increasing lack of labor resources and the increasing labor costs, labor-intensive enterprises face tremendous pressures, and there is a need to shift to automated and intelligent directions. Therefore, there is a need to design an automated assembly apparatus for a handle and a container tub. When the bucket handle and the container bucket are assembled manually, the assembly process is quite simple, only the hook head is required to be inserted into the corresponding mounting hole by finding the position, and the assembly action is not simple on the mechanized equipment, because the mechanical equipment is flexible in positioning and fixing the container bucket and grabbing and assembling the bucket handle, the bucket handle and the container bucket can be assembled accurately and stably, and the problems of positioning and fixing the container bucket and grabbing and assembling the bucket handle are solved.
Disclosure of Invention
1. Technical problem to be solved by the invention
The invention aims to provide a positioning assembly device for a bucket handle and a container bucket, which adopts the technical scheme that the container bucket positioning device is used for positioning and fixing mounting holes on two sides of the container bucket, and meanwhile, the mounting holes are supported by support blocks in the container bucket positioning device, so that the bucket handle grasped by the bucket handle grasping assembly device can be accurately and stably mounted on the container bucket, the problem that the bucket handle is not mounted in place due to deformation of the bucket handle mounting holes in the bucket handle mounting process is effectively prevented, and the bucket handle mounting success rate and the bucket handle mounting stability are greatly improved.
2. Technical proposal
In order to achieve the above purpose, the technical scheme provided by the invention is as follows:
the invention relates to a positioning and assembling device for a barrel handle and a container barrel, which comprises a container barrel positioning device capable of positioning and fixing mounting holes on two sides of the container barrel and a barrel handle grabbing and assembling device capable of grabbing the barrel handle and moving to the container barrel positioning device for barrel handle mounting,
the container barrel positioning device comprises a mounting hole positioning mechanism and a mounting hole supporting mechanism positioned at the mounting hole after positioning, wherein the mounting hole supporting mechanism is provided with a supporting block capable of supporting the mounting hole and a supporting block driving mechanism connected with the supporting block;
The barrel handle grabbing assembly device comprises a finger claw mechanism capable of grabbing the barrel handle and installing the same and a finger claw moving mechanism driving the finger claw mechanism to grab the barrel handle and convey the same to the container barrel positioning device.
Furthermore, one end of the supporting block is provided with a notch for accommodating the side wall of the mounting hole, and the side walls on two sides of the notch are provided with notches corresponding to the mounting hole.
Still further, the supporting shoe on be located outside lateral wall's breach department still be equipped with the chamfer of being convenient for bucket handle gib head male, still be equipped with on the supporting shoe on being located inside lateral wall and be used for detecting the bucket handle detection sensor that bucket handle gib head is in place.
Still further, supporting shoe actuating mechanism include rotary actuator and rotor arm, rotary actuator and rotor arm's one end link firmly for drive the rotor arm swing, the supporting shoe fix the other end at the rotor arm, be used for supporting the mounting hole with the mounting hole that the rotor arm rotated to container barrel both sides.
Still further, the mounting hole positioning mechanism comprises a rotary positioning station and a compression assembly station, wherein a barrel bottom turntable, a positioning stop block, a positioning pressing driver and a rotary pressing head are arranged on the rotary positioning station, the barrel bottom turntable is positioned below the rotary positioning station, a rotary driver capable of driving the barrel bottom turntable to rotate and a turntable lifting driver capable of driving the barrel bottom turntable to lift are arranged at the bottom of the barrel bottom turntable, the positioning stop block is fixed near the periphery of the barrel bottom turntable and is used for being matched with a bulge at the bottom of a container body for positioning, the positioning pressing driver is arranged right above the barrel bottom turntable, and the driving end of the positioning pressing driver is rotationally connected with the rotary pressing head used for compressing on the barrel mouth of the container; the assembly pressing device is characterized in that an assembly pressing driver and an assembly pressing plate are arranged on the compression assembly station, the assembly pressing driver is located above the compression assembly station, and the driving end of the assembly pressing driver is connected with the assembly pressing plate and used for compressing and fixing the container barrel on the compression assembly station.
Still further, the assembly pressing plate is further provided with a forward pushing driver, and the driving end of the forward pushing driver is further provided with a pushing plate for pushing the barrel handle assembled on the container barrel.
Further, the finger claw moving mechanism comprises a barrel handle grabbing cross beam, a sliding driving mechanism, a grabbing bracket, a lifting driving mechanism and a grabbing guide mechanism, wherein the sliding driving mechanism is arranged on the barrel handle grabbing cross beam and can slide back and forth on the barrel handle grabbing cross beam; the grabbing support is arranged on the sliding driving mechanism through the lifting driving mechanism and the grabbing guide mechanism and used for driving the grabbing support to move up and down.
Still further, each of the two ends of the grabbing support is provided with a group of finger claw mechanisms, each finger claw mechanism comprises a bucket handle grabbing driver, a finger claw driver and a finger claw, the bucket handle grabbing drivers are fixed at the bottoms of the grabbing supports, the finger claw drivers are connected with the driving ends of the bucket handle grabbing drivers, and the finger claws are arranged on the finger claw drivers.
3. Advantageous effects
Compared with the prior art, the technical scheme provided by the invention has the following remarkable effects:
(1) According to the positioning and assembling device for the bucket handles and the container barrels, the container barrel positioning device is used for positioning and fixing the mounting holes on two sides of the container barrels, and meanwhile, the mounting holes are supported by the supporting blocks in the container barrel positioning device, so that the bucket handles grabbed by the bucket handle grabbing and assembling device can be accurately and stably mounted on the container barrels, the problems that the bucket handles are not mounted in place due to deformation of the bucket handle mounting holes in the bucket handle mounting process are effectively prevented, and the bucket handle mounting success rate and the bucket handle mounting stability are greatly improved;
(2) According to the positioning and assembling device for the barrel handle and the container barrel, one end of the supporting block is provided with the notch for accommodating the side wall of the mounting hole, and the side walls of the two sides of the notch are provided with the notches corresponding to the mounting hole, so that the mounting hole of the container barrel is well supported; meanwhile, a chamfer angle which is convenient for the insertion of the bucket handle hook head is arranged at the notch of the outer side wall of the supporting block, so that the bucket handle hook head can be guided, and the accuracy of the installation of the bucket handle is improved; the barrel handle detection sensor used for detecting whether the barrel handle hook head is installed in place or not is further arranged on the side wall of the inner side of the supporting block, and the barrel handle detection sensor on the supporting block can be used for judging whether the barrel handle is installed in place or not, so that defective products which are not installed in place are treated;
(3) The supporting block driving mechanism comprises a rotary driver and a rotating arm, wherein the rotary driver is fixedly connected with one end of the rotating arm and used for driving the rotating arm to swing, the supporting block is fixed at the other end of the rotating arm and used for supporting the mounting holes along with the rotating arm to the mounting holes on two sides of the container, the supporting block works by adopting a swing arm rotating structure, the action is more stable and reliable, the structure is simple and compact, and the occupied space is small;
(4) The positioning and assembling device for the barrel handle and the container barrel comprises a rotary positioning station and a compression assembling station, wherein the rotary positioning station is used for rotating the container barrel, the position of a barrel handle mounting hole is accurately determined by utilizing a bulge at the bottom of the container barrel, and the positioned container barrel is compressed and fixed at the compression assembling station, so that the barrel handle can be accurately aligned to the barrel handle mounting hole for assembling;
(5) According to the positioning and assembling device for the barrel handle and the container barrel, the assembling pressing plate is also provided with the forward pushing driver, and the driving end of the forward pushing driver is also provided with the pushing plate for pushing the barrel handle assembled on the container barrel, so that the barrel handle is prevented from standing on the container barrel to prevent subsequent operation;
(6) The positioning and assembling device for the barrel handle and the container barrel provided by the invention has the advantages that the finger claw moving mechanism is utilized to drive the finger claw mechanism to grasp the barrel handle and convey the barrel handle to the container barrel positioning device, the finger claw mechanism is utilized to install the hook head of the barrel handle in the installation hole of the container barrel, the assembling action is continuous and stable, and the assembling is accurate and reliable.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a prior art connection structure of a container barrel and a barrel handle;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of an automatic assembly line for a tub handle and a container tub according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of a loading device for a container barrel in the invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged partial schematic view of FIG. 3A;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a structure of a container barrel shuttle in the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic top view of the container barrel shuttle in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 7 is an enlarged partial schematic view at B in FIG. 6;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of a container barrel positioning device according to the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of the structure of the support block according to the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic structural view of a bucket handle opening positioning device according to the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a schematic view of the structure of the grip cross member of the present invention;
FIG. 12 is an enlarged partial schematic view of FIG. 11 at C;
fig. 13 is a schematic structural diagram of a blanking pushing device in the present invention;
FIG. 14 is a schematic diagram of a front structure of a blanking pushing apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 15 is a schematic structural view of a movable pusher in the blanking pushing device of the present invention;
fig. 16 is a schematic structural view of a discharging stacking device in the invention;
fig. 17 is a partially enlarged schematic view of fig. 16 at D.
Reference numerals in the schematic drawings illustrate:
100. a tub handle; 101. a hook head; 200. a tub body; 201 skirt edge;
1. a container barrel feeding device; 1-1, a first feeding conveying mechanism; 1-2, a second feeding conveying mechanism; 1-3, a feeding stop mechanism; 1-4, a storage frame; 1-5, a barrel-separating and material-taking mechanism; 1-5-1, taking a barrel supporting plate; 1-5-2, a barrel taking support plate connecting arm; 1-5-3, taking a barrel lifting sliding plate; 1-5-4, a barrel taking guide mechanism; 1-5-5, a barrel taking lifting driver; 1-5-6, taking a barrel buffer; 1-6, a storage clamping mechanism; 1-6-1, a feeding clamping driver; 1-6-2, mounting plate; 1-6-3, a telescopic guide post; 1-6-4, chuck lifting drive; 1-6-5, a storage chuck;
2. A container barrel conveying device; 2-1, a frame; 2-2, a reciprocating drive; 2-3, a reciprocating sliding bracket; 2-4, a reciprocating guide mechanism; 2-5, a clamping jaw driver; 2-6, clamping jaw fixing plates; 2-7, clamping jaw guide mechanisms; 2-8, clamping jaws; 2-9, conveying platforms; 2-10, idler wheels; 2-11, lifting baffle plates;
3. a container barrel positioning device; 3-1, a barrel positioning bracket; 3-2, waiting for a station pressing driver; 3-3, waiting for a station pressing plate; 3-4, positioning a pressing driver; 3-5, rotating the pressure head; 3-6, assembling a pressing driver; 3-7, assembling a pressing plate; 3-8, a push-forward driver; 3-9, pushing plate; 3-10, a barrel bottom turntable; 3-11, positioning a stop block; 3-12, a rotary driver; 3-13, rotating arms; 3-14, supporting blocks; 3-14-1, notch; 3-14-2, notch; 3-14-3, chamfering; 3-14-4, a barrel handle detection sensor;
4. a barrel handle positioning device; 4-1, a barrel handle positioning base; 4-2, a distraction driver; 4-3, supporting plates; 4-4, positioning blocks; 4-5, jacking the driver; 4-6, jacking blocks;
5. the barrel handle grabs the cross beam; 5-1, a rack; 5-2, a guide rail; 5-3, a sliding driving mechanism;
6. a barrel handle grabbing and assembling device; 6-1, grabbing a bracket; 6-2, lifting driving mechanism; 6-3, grabbing a guiding mechanism; 6-4, a barrel handle grabbing driver; 6-5, a finger claw driver; 6-6, finger claws;
7. A blanking pushing device; 7-1, a support; 7-2, pushing a driver; 7-3, movable pushing heads; 7-3-1, swing arms; 7-3-2, barrel pushing blocks;
8. a finished product blanking device; 8-1, a first blanking conveying mechanism; 8-2, a second blanking conveying mechanism; 8-3, a blanking stopping mechanism; 8-4, stacking frames; 8-5, stacking and barrel feeding mechanisms; 8-5-1, stacking the supporting plates; 8-5-2, a stacking support plate connecting arm; 8-5-3, stacking lifting sliding plates; 8-5-4, lifting guide mechanism; 8-5-5, a stacking lifting driver; 8-5-6, a stacking buffer; 8-6, stacking and clamping mechanisms; 8-6-1, a stacking clamping driver; 8-6-2, a chuck mounting plate; 8-6-3, a telescopic guide post; 8-6-4, stacking chucks.
Detailed Description
For further understanding of the present invention, the present invention is applied to an automatic assembly line of a tub handle and a container tub, and the working principle of the present invention is described in detail with reference to the drawings and the embodiments.
Examples
Referring to fig. 2, an automatic assembly line for a barrel handle and a container barrel in this embodiment includes a container barrel feeding device 1, a container barrel conveying device 2, a container barrel positioning device 3, a barrel handle positioning device 4, a barrel handle grabbing cross beam 5, a barrel handle grabbing assembly device 6 and a finished product blanking device 8, wherein the container barrel conveying device 2 is provided with at least a positioning station and a compacting assembly station, and the container barrel conveying device 2 is used for conveying a container barrel from the positioning station to the compacting assembly station; the container barrel feeding device 1 is arranged in front of a positioning station of the container barrel conveying device 2, is used for conveying separated container barrels one by one to the front of the container barrel conveying device 2, and is conveyed to the positioning station by the container barrel conveying device 2; the container barrel positioning device 3 is arranged on a positioning station of the container barrel conveying device 2, and is used for rotating the container barrel on the positioning station to determine the position of a mounting hole on the container barrel and compacting and fixing the container barrel on the compacting and assembling station; the barrel handle grabbing and assembling device 6 is arranged on the barrel handle grabbing cross beam 5 and can reciprocate on the barrel handle grabbing cross beam 5, and stroke end points of the barrel handle grabbing and assembling device 6 which reciprocate on the barrel handle grabbing cross beam 5 are respectively positioned above the barrel handle positioning device 4 and the compression assembling station and used for grabbing and conveying the barrel handle positioned on the barrel handle positioning device 4 to the compression assembling station and assembling the barrel handle to the container barrel; the finished product blanking device 8 is arranged behind the compacting assembly station of the container barrel conveying device 2 and is used for blanking finished products. By adopting the automatic assembly production line of the barrel handle and the container barrel, the barrel handle and the container barrel are automatically assembled, the assembly efficiency is high, the quality of the assembled product is stable, and the labor cost is greatly reduced; and a plurality of stations such as container barrel sub-barrel feeding, container barrel conveying, container barrel positioning, barrel handle grabbing and assembling, finished product discharging and the like are compact and reasonable in arrangement, and the intelligent automatic stacking machine has the characteristics of compact structure, small occupied space, continuous production, stable operation and the like, and automatically completes container barrel sub-barrel feeding, container barrel positioning, barrel handle grabbing and assembling, container barrel discharging and stacking operation, and is high in intelligent level.
Continuing with fig. 2, in order to facilitate the reasonable layout of each device in the automatic assembly production line, in one embodiment, the finished product blanking device 8 is arranged on one side of the compression assembly station of the container barrel conveying device 2, and a blanking pushing device 7 is further arranged on the other side of the compression assembly station of the container barrel conveying device 2, so that the container barrel assembled on the compression assembly station of the container barrel conveying device 2 can be pushed into the finished product blanking device 8 by using the blanking pushing device 7, and the blanking of the container barrel is completed, thereby meeting the equipment arrangement requirement. In addition, in order to reasonably distribute the time required by assembling the bucket handle positioning device 4 and the bucket handle, and because the efficiency of bucket handle processing and positioning is basically twice the single assembly efficiency of the bucket handle, the assembly production line of the embodiment adopts a double-station alternate assembly layout structure, two ends of the bucket handle grabbing beam 5 are respectively provided with a group of assembly units consisting of the container bucket feeding device 1, the container bucket conveying device 2, the container bucket positioning device 3, the bucket handle grabbing assembly device 6 and the finished product blanking device 8, the two assembly units share one bucket handle positioning device 4, and the two assembly units grab the bucket handles from the bucket handle positioning device 4 in turn, so that the assembly efficiency of the bucket handle and the container bucket is greatly improved.
As shown in fig. 5, 6 and 7, in one embodiment, the container barrel conveying device 2 adopts a reciprocating gripping conveying device, which comprises a frame 2-1, a conveying platform 2-9 fixed at the upper part of the frame 2-1, a reciprocating sliding support 2-3 which is arranged at two sides of the conveying platform 2-9 and is connected with the conveying platform in a whole, a clamping jaw fixing plate 2-6 arranged on the reciprocating sliding support 2-3 and at least two groups of opposite clamping jaws 2-8 arranged on the clamping jaw fixing plate 2-6, wherein the reciprocating sliding support 2-3 is slidably arranged on the frame 2-1 through a reciprocating guide mechanism 2-4 and is connected with a reciprocating movement driver 2-2 arranged on the frame 2-1, preferably, the reciprocating sliding supports 2-3 at two sides of the conveying platform 2-9 are connected into a whole through a connecting frame positioned at the bottom of the conveying platform 2-9, and the reciprocating sliding support 2-3 can be synchronously driven to move through only one group of reciprocating movement drivers 2-2, so that the structure is simple, convenient to manufacture and high in action consistency; the clamping jaw fixing plates 2-6 are slidably arranged on the corresponding reciprocating sliding brackets 2-3 through clamping jaw guide mechanisms 2-7, the reciprocating sliding brackets 2-3 are connected with clamping jaw drivers 2-5 arranged on the corresponding reciprocating sliding brackets 2-3, the reciprocating sliding brackets 2-3 are perpendicular to the moving direction of the clamping jaw fixing plates 2-6, the reciprocating moving drivers 2-2 drive the clamping jaws 2-8 of each group to slide reciprocally on each station, the clamping jaw drivers 2-5 drive the clamping jaws 2-8 of each group to open and close on each station, and therefore the distance of one station is conveyed forwards on the conveying platform 2-9 after the products are clamped, then the clamping jaws 2-8 return after the products are loosened, and the reciprocating clamping conveying action is repeated. In order to ensure the stability of the reciprocating movement of the clamping jaw 2-8, the clamping jaw fixing plates 2-6 on each side are respectively provided with at least two rollers 2-10 (shown in figure 7) in rolling fit with the straight side edges of the corresponding sides of the conveying platform 2-9, and the rollers 2-10 are matched with the conveying platform 2-9, so that the clamping jaw 2-8 can convey the product forwards along the straight side edges of the conveying platform 2-9 after clamping the product, the balance positioning effect is achieved, the position consistency of the product on different stations is ensured, the influence of equipment assembly errors and machining precision errors on the product conveying position precision is reduced, and the positioning precision of the barrel handle mounting holes of the container barrel is ensured.
By adopting the container barrel conveying device 2, the container barrels can be stably clamped and conveyed in a reciprocating manner on each station, and the production takt requirement is met. Preferably, a waiting station positioned in front of the positioning station is further arranged on the container barrel conveying device 2, namely three groups of clamping jaws 2-8 on the clamping jaw fixing plates 2-6 are equidistantly arranged, and sequentially correspond to the waiting station, the positioning station and the compacting and assembling station, the container barrel can be initially positioned and provide a container barrel feeding detection signal, the position of a container barrel mounting hole is accurately determined through rotation at the positioning station, the container barrel is fixed and is mounted on a barrel handle at the compacting and assembling station, the production beat is continuous and stable, and the positioning accuracy of conveying the container barrel from the positioning station to the compacting and assembling station is effectively improved. In addition, the rollers 2-10 are preferably rolling bearings, so that rolling is smoother and stable, and the service life is longer. In order to improve the running stability of the device, the two ends of the moving stroke of the reciprocating sliding support 2-3 are also provided with buffers fixed on the frame 2-1, so that the impact of the reciprocating sliding support 2-3 on the frame 2-1 and the driver is effectively reduced, and the influence of impact vibration on the positioning precision of the product is reduced. The reciprocating driver 2-2 and the clamping jaw driver 2-5 are preferably air cylinders, the reciprocating driver 2-2 is a long-stroke air cylinder, the clamping jaw driver 2-5 is a short-stroke air cylinder, and the reciprocating guide mechanism 2-4 and the clamping jaw guide mechanism 2-7 are preferably slide rail slide block mechanisms, so that the reciprocating device is quick in response, stable in operation and compact in structure. In addition, the container barrel needs to be stopped at the initial end of the container barrel conveying device 2 so as to facilitate the clamping jaw 2-8 to accurately grasp the container barrel, for this purpose, a lifting baffle plate 2-11 is further arranged at one end of the frame 2-1, the lifting baffle plate 2-11 can stop the container barrel after being lifted, and when the clamping jaw 2-8 grasps the container barrel, the lifting baffle plate 2-11 descends so as to facilitate the forward conveying of the container barrel.
Referring to fig. 2, a positioning and assembling device for a tub handle and a container tub of the present embodiment is composed of a container tub positioning device 3 capable of positioning and fixing mounting holes on both sides of the container tub, and a tub handle gripping and assembling device 6 capable of gripping the tub handle and moving to the container tub positioning device 3 for tub handle mounting.
As shown in fig. 8, the container barrel positioning device 3 comprises a mounting hole positioning mechanism and a mounting hole supporting mechanism positioned at a mounting hole after positioning, wherein the mounting hole positioning mechanism comprises a barrel body positioning bracket 3-1, a positioning push-down driver 3-4, a rotary press head 3-5, a barrel bottom turntable 3-10, a positioning stop block 3-11, an assembly push-down driver 3-6 and an assembly station press plate 3-7, the mounting hole positioning mechanism is provided with two stations of a rotary positioning station and a compression assembly station, the rotary positioning station is provided with a barrel bottom turntable 3-10, a positioning stop block 3-11, a positioning push-down driver 3-4 and a rotary press head 3-5, the positioning push-down driver 3-4 is mounted on the barrel body positioning bracket 3-1, the driving end of the positioning push-down driver 3-4 is rotationally connected with the rotary press head 3-5, the rotary press head 3-5 is positioned right above the positioning station, an opening is arranged at the positioning station on a conveying platform 2-9, the barrel bottom turntable 3-10 is arranged in the opening, the bottom turntable is provided with a lifting and can drive the barrel bottom turntable 3-10 to rotate around the barrel bottom turntable 3-10, the rotary press-3-4 is positioned near the barrel bottom turntable 3-5 to the rotary press head 3-5, the container is preferably positioned at the bottom of the rotary press head 3-5, the rotary press head 3-4 is matched with the rotary press head 3-3, the container is positioned near the rotary press head 3-3, the rotary press head 3-3 and the rotary press-3 has the rotary press driver and the rotary press head 3-11 is positioned at the bottom of the rotary press head 3-3 top of the container bottom 3 and the container is preferably positioned at the bottom side, then the rotary table lifting driver drives the rotary table 3-10 at the bottom of the container to lift and prop against the bottom of the container, the rotary driver drives the rotary table 3-10 at the bottom of the container to rotate, so that the container is driven to rotate by friction force, as the bottom of the container is integrally formed with a convex structure, and the opening of the conveying platform 2-9 is internally provided with a positioning stop block 3-11, after the convex of the bottom of the container contacts with the positioning stop block 3-11, the position of the container is fixed, and the positions of mounting holes on two sides of the container can be determined; the assembly pressing device is characterized in that an assembly pressing driver 3-6 and an assembly pressing plate 3-7 are arranged on the compression assembly station, the assembly pressing driver 3-6 is installed on the barrel body positioning support 3-1, the assembly pressing driver 3-6 is located above the compression assembly station, the driving end of the assembly pressing driver 3-6 is connected with the assembly station pressing plate 3-7 and used for pressing and fixing a container barrel on the compression assembly station, and after the container barrel reaches the fixed compression assembly station, the assembly pressing driver 3-6 drives the assembly station pressing plate 3-7 to press down the container barrel, so that the container barrel is fixed, and the barrel handle is convenient to install. The mounting hole supporting mechanism is provided with a supporting block 3-14 capable of supporting the mounting hole and a supporting block driving mechanism connected with the supporting block 3-14, in the embodiment, the supporting block driving mechanism comprises a rotary driver 3-12 and a rotating arm 3-13, the rotary driver 3-12 is mounted on the frame 2-1 through a bracket, the rotary driver 3-12 is fixedly connected with one end of the rotating arm 3-13 and used for driving the rotating arm 3-13 to swing, the supporting block 3-14 is fixed at the other end of the rotating arm 3-13 and used for supporting the mounting hole along with the rotating arm 3-13 rotating to the mounting holes on two sides of the container barrel, the problem that the barrel handle is not mounted in place due to deformation of the barrel handle mounting hole in the barrel handle mounting process is effectively prevented, and the barrel handle mounting success rate is greatly improved. As shown in FIG. 9, one end of the supporting block 3-14 is provided with a notch 3-14-1 for accommodating the skirt edge of the container, two side walls of the notch 3-14-1 are respectively provided with a notch 3-14-2 corresponding to the mounting hole, the notch 3-14-2 on the outer side wall is also provided with a chamfer 3-14-3 for facilitating the insertion of the bucket handle hook, the inner side wall is also provided with a bucket handle detection sensor 3-14-4 for detecting whether the bucket handle hook is in place, the supporting block 3-14 not only plays a role in supporting the skirt edge around the mounting hole, but also plays a role in guiding the bucket handle hook, the accuracy of bucket handle mounting is improved, and whether the bucket handle is in place can be judged by utilizing the bucket handle detection sensor 3-14-4 on the supporting block 3-14, so that defective products which are not in place are mounted are treated. In addition, in this embodiment, the barrel positioning bracket 3-1 is further provided with a waiting station pressing driver 3-2 located above the waiting station, and the driving end of the waiting station pressing driver 3-2 is provided with a waiting station pressing plate 3-3 for pressing and fixing the container barrel on the waiting station, so as to prevent the container barrel from being displaced due to the clamping jaw 2-8 moving back and forth. Of course, in the present invention, the above-mentioned mounting hole positioning mechanism and supporting block driving mechanism are not limited thereto, and other manners may be adopted to position the mounting hole and meet the supporting requirement of the supporting blocks 3 to 14 on the mounting hole of the container tub.
In addition, since the tub handle is often erected on the tub after the tub handle is assembled with the tub, to interfere with the subsequent stacking, in this embodiment, the tub positioning device 3 is further provided with a tub handle pushing mechanism for pushing the tub handle erected on the tub, specifically, the assembling station pressing plate 3-7 is further provided with a forward pushing driver 3-8, and the driving end of the forward pushing driver 3-8 is further provided with a pushing plate 3-9 for pushing the tub handle assembled on the tub. The waiting station pressing driver 3-2, the positioning pressing driver 3-4, the assembling pressing driver 3-6, the forward pushing driver 3-8 and the turntable lifting driver all adopt telescopic cylinders, the rotating driver 3-12 adopts a rotating cylinder, and the rotating driver of the barrel bottom turntable 3-10 adopts a motor.
As shown in fig. 11 and 12, the bucket handle grabbing assembly device 6 comprises a finger claw mechanism capable of grabbing a bucket handle and installing the bucket handle and a finger claw moving mechanism driving the finger claw mechanism to grab the bucket handle and convey the bucket handle to the container bucket positioning device 3, wherein the finger claw moving mechanism comprises a bucket handle grabbing cross beam 5, a sliding driving mechanism 5-3, a grabbing support 6-1, a lifting driving mechanism 6-2 and a grabbing guide mechanism 6-3, the sliding driving mechanism 5-3 is installed on the bucket handle grabbing cross beam 5, a rack 5-1 and a guide rail 5-2 are arranged on the bucket handle grabbing cross beam 5, and the sliding driving mechanism 5-3 can slide back and forth on the guide rail 5-2 through being matched with the rack 5-1. The grabbing bracket 6-1 is arranged on the sliding driving mechanism 5-3 through the lifting driving mechanism 6-2 and the grabbing guide mechanism 6-3 and is used for driving the grabbing bracket 6-1 to move up and down. The two ends of the grabbing bracket 6-1 are respectively provided with a group of claw mechanisms, the claw mechanisms are used for clamping and assembling two ends of the barrel handles, each claw mechanism comprises a barrel handle grabbing driver 6-4, a claw driver 6-5 and a claw 6-6, the barrel handle grabbing drivers 6-4 are fixed at the bottom of the grabbing bracket 6-1, the claw drivers 6-5 are connected with the driving ends of the barrel handle grabbing drivers 6-4, and the claw 6-6 is installed on the claw drivers 6-5. The lifting driving mechanism 6-2 adopts a screw-nut pair mechanism driven by a motor, the grabbing guide mechanism 6-3 adopts a sliding rail and sliding block mechanism, and the barrel handle grabbing driver 6-4 and the finger claw driver 6-5 both adopt air cylinders. In the working process of the bucket handle grabbing assembly device 6, the grabbing support 6-1 slides to the position above the bucket handle positioning device 4 on the bucket handle grabbing cross beam 5 through the sliding driving mechanism 5-3, the lifting driving mechanism 6-2 drives the grabbing support 6-1 to move downwards on the grabbing guide mechanism 6-3, when the fingers 6-6 reach the two ends of the bucket handle which are in the opening and positioning positions, the fingers 6-6 are driven by the fingers driver 6-5 to grab the bucket handle, then the grabbing support 6-1 drives the bucket handle to ascend, and the bucket handle is driven by the sliding driving mechanism 5-3 to slide to the position above the compression assembly station; then the lifting driving mechanism 6-2 drives the grabbing bracket 6-1 to descend so that the hook heads at the two ends of the bucket handle correspond to the mounting holes at the two sides of the container bucket, then the bucket handle grabbing driver 6-4 drives the fingers 6-6 to move inwards so that the hook heads at the two ends of the bucket handle are inserted into the mounting holes at the two sides of the container bucket, and the fingers 6-6 are driven by the finger driver 6-5 to loosen the bucket handle, so that the automatic assembly of the bucket handle and the container bucket is completed. The above-described actions are repeated after the bucket handle gripping and assembling device 6 is reset. In the assembly process of the barrel handle and the container barrel, the supporting blocks 3-14 clamp the skirt edge at the mounting hole, the hook head of the barrel handle is guided by the chamfer 3-14-3 structure at the outer side of the supporting blocks 3-14 and is easier to enter the mounting hole, and when the hook head of the barrel handle passes through the mounting hole, the barrel handle detection sensor 3-14-4 can detect the hook head of the barrel handle, so that the assembly can be judged to be successful, the assembly action is continuous and stable, and the assembly is accurate and reliable.
As shown in fig. 10, in one embodiment, the barrel handle positioning device 4 includes a barrel handle positioning base 4-1, a supporting driver 4-2, supporting plates 4-3, a positioning block 4-4, a jacking driver 4-5 and a jacking block 4-6, the barrel handle positioning base 4-1 may be an inverted "u" shaped frame, and is formed by splicing aluminum profiles, the supporting driver 4-2 is fixed on the barrel handle positioning base 4-1, the supporting driver 4-2 has two opposite driving ends, the two driving ends of the supporting driver 4-2 are respectively provided with a supporting plate 4-3 for supporting the barrel handle, each supporting plate 4-3 is provided with a positioning block 4-4 having magnetism, the jacking block 4-6 is arranged at the lower part of a positioning angle formed by the supporting plates 4-3 and the positioning blocks 4-6, and the jacking block 4-6 is connected with the driving end of the jacking driver 4-5 fixed on the barrel handle positioning base 4-1. When the barrel handle is conveyed to the barrel handle positioning device 4, the barrel handle is adsorbed by the magnetic positioning block 4-4, the barrel handle is positioned by the magnetic positioning block 4-4 on the barrel handle expanding device, and can be stably adsorbed on the magnetic positioning block 4-4, so that the problem of falling of the barrel handle is avoided, and the barrel handle expanding stability is improved; and the magnetic positioning block 4-4 is used for positioning the barrel handle, the barrel handle is not easy to incline, the barrel handle is more accurate to prop open and position, the automatic assembly production requirement of the barrel handle and the container barrel is greatly met, and the production efficiency is improved. The magnetic positioning block 4-4 consists of a positioning plate and a magnet fixed on the positioning plate, and has the advantages of simple structure, convenient arrangement and convenient magnet replacement; the expanding driver 4-2 is a bidirectional expanding cylinder, the jacking driver 4-5 is a cylinder, the structure is compact, the occupied space is small, and the action response is quick and stable.
In the embodiment, the automatic assembly production line of the barrel handle and the container barrel can be matched with a full-automatic round head barrel hook forming machine disclosed in patent ZL201510998553.5 to be used, the full-automatic round head barrel hook forming machine directly conveys the formed barrel handle to the barrel handle positioning device 4, and when the barrel handle positioning device 4 works, the full-automatic round head barrel hook forming machine places the barrel handle at a positioning included angle formed by supporting plates 4-3 and positioning blocks 4-4 at the left side and the right side and is adsorbed and fixed by the magnetic positioning blocks 4-4, so that the barrel handle is effectively prevented from tilting; then, the two jacking drivers 4-5 at the left end and the right end drive the corresponding jacking blocks 4-6 to ascend, and the jacking blocks 4-6 push the bucket handle to ascend so as to keep the hook heads at the two ends of the bucket handle to be level; after the barrel handle rises in place, the two driving ends of the stretching driver 4-2 synchronously act to drive the supporting plates 4-3 at two sides to push the barrel handle to stretch outwards, so that the barrel handle positioning stretching function is realized, and preparation is made for the barrel handle after the barrel handle grabbing and assembling device 6 grabs, positions and stretches the barrel handle.
As shown in fig. 13 and 14, in one embodiment, the blanking pushing device 7 includes a support 7-1, a pushing driver 7-2 and a movable pushing head 7-3, the pushing driver 7-2 is fixedly installed on the support 7-1, the movable pushing head 7-3 is installed on a driving end of the pushing driver 7-2, and the pushing driver 7-2 drives the movable pushing head 7-3 to realize a bucket pushing action, so that a container bucket is conveyed from a compacting assembly station to the finished product blanking device 8. As shown in fig. 15, the movable pushing head 7-3 in this embodiment includes a swing arm 7-3-1 and a barrel pushing block 7-3-2 provided at one end of the swing arm 7-3-1, the other end of the swing arm 7-3-1 is rotatably connected with the driving end of the pushing driver 7-2, and the rotation axis of the swing arm 7-3-1 is parallel to the expansion direction of the pushing driver 7-2. Adopt foretell unloading pusher 7, with activity push head 7-3 and push driver 7-2's drive end rotation connection, realize the propelling movement transfer of container bucket through activity push head 7-3, the difficult skew of container bucket in the propelling movement process has guaranteed the stability and the position accuracy of container bucket propelling movement, has simple structure design ingenious simultaneously, and the action is nimble reliable, occupation space advantage such as little. In order to enable the movable pushing head 7-3 to rotate more flexibly, a bearing is further arranged between the swing arm 7-3-1 and the driving end of the pushing driver 7-2, and the rotation of the swing arm 7-3-1 is utilized in the barrel pushing process to enable the barrel pushing block 7-3-2 to be more suitable for the position of a container barrel, so that the effect of correcting the pushing direction of the container barrel is achieved, the consistency and stability of the pushing direction of the container barrel are ensured, and equipment faults caused by the deviation of the container barrel are effectively avoided. The pushing driver 7-2 is an air cylinder, and has the advantages of high response speed, stable pushing, small occupied space and the like; the barrel pushing block 7-3-2 is provided with a V-shaped or arc-shaped notch (as an arc-shaped notch in fig. 15) matched with the outer diameter of the container barrel, so that the barrel pushing block 7-3-2 can be more attached to the container barrel, and the accuracy of the moving direction of the container barrel is further ensured. In addition, the material of the barrel pushing block 7-3-2 is preferably plastic, so that the barrel pushing block 7-3-2 is effectively prevented from wearing the surface of the container barrel.
As shown in fig. 3 and 4, in one embodiment, the container barrel loading device 1 comprises a loading conveying mechanism for horizontally conveying container barrels, a storage frame 1-4 for storing a plurality of container barrels which are nested together, and a barrel dividing and taking mechanism 1-5 for taking out the container barrels from the storage frame 1-4 one by one and putting the container barrels on the loading conveying mechanism, wherein the loading conveying mechanism penetrates through the storage frame 1-4, at least two groups of storage clamping mechanisms 1-6 for keeping the container barrels on the storage frame 1-4 are arranged at the upper part of the storage frame 1-4, in operation, the stacked container barrels are manually placed on the loading conveying mechanism, the loading conveying mechanism conveys the stacked container barrels to the barrel dividing and taking mechanism 1-5, then the barrel dividing and taking mechanism 1-5 drives the stacked container barrels to the storage clamping mechanism 1-6 of the storage frame 1-4, and the storage clamping mechanism 1-6 clamps the container barrels at the bottommost part of the stacked container barrels; then, the barrel separating and taking mechanisms 1-5 take out the single container barrels one by one from the storage clamping mechanisms 1-6, so that the purpose of barrel separating and conveying is achieved. Wherein, the liquid crystal display device comprises a liquid crystal display device,
the barrel separating and taking mechanism 1-5 comprises a barrel taking supporting plate 1-5-1 and a barrel taking lifting mechanism for driving the barrel taking supporting plate 1-5-1 to move up and down, wherein the lowest point of the up and down moving stroke of the barrel taking supporting plate 1-5-1 is flush with or slightly lower than the conveying plane of the feeding conveying mechanism, so that the taken container barrel can fall on the feeding conveying mechanism to automatically move to the next process; the highest point of the up-and-down moving travel of the bucket supporting plate 1-5-1 is the bucket bottom position of the container bucket clamped on the storage clamping mechanism 1-6, and the container bucket on the storage frame 1-4 can be effectively supported when the storage clamping mechanism 1-6 clamps the nested penultimate container bucket. Referring to fig. 4, the storage gripping mechanism 1-6 includes a storage chuck 1-6-5 that can be extended and retracted back and forth and up and down, and the storage chuck 1-6-5 can grip the penultimate container barrels nested together when the barrel taking pallet 1-5-1 rises to the highest point of travel so that the bottommost container barrel is separated and falls on the barrel taking pallet 1-5-1. When the barrel separation work is carried out, the barrel taking support plate 1-5-1 is driven by the barrel taking lifting mechanism to rise to the highest stroke point, the barrel on the storage frame 1-4 is supported, then the storage chuck 1-6-5 originally clamped on the bottommost barrel is contracted backwards and moves upwards to clamp the second last barrel, at the moment, the barrel taking support plate 1-5-1 is driven by the barrel taking lifting mechanism to descend, the bottommost barrel is separated from the barrels stacked on the storage frame 1-4 and descends to the feeding conveying mechanism along with the barrel taking support plate 1-5-1, and then the next working procedure is driven by the feeding conveying mechanism to move; simultaneously, the storage chuck 1-6-5 drives the rest container barrels to move downwards to an initial position to prepare for next barrel taking and feeding actions.
Continuing with fig. 3, in this embodiment, the feeding and conveying mechanism includes a first feeding and conveying mechanism 1-1 and a second feeding and conveying mechanism 1-2 which are sequentially connected and have the same conveying direction, and the bucket taking support plate 1-5-1 is located between the first feeding and conveying mechanism 1-1 and the second feeding and conveying mechanism 1-2. The action control of the feeding conveying mechanism is more flexible and convenient, the installation and layout of the barrel-separating and taking mechanisms 1-5 are facilitated, the device is simpler, the maintenance is facilitated, and the occupied space is small; moreover, the first feeding conveying mechanism 1-1 and the second feeding conveying mechanism 1-2 are both preferably belt conveyors, so that the feeding conveying is more stable and reliable. The barrel taking lifting mechanism comprises a barrel taking lifting sliding plate 1-5-3, a barrel taking guide mechanism 1-5-4 and a barrel taking lifting driver 1-5-3, wherein the barrel taking lifting sliding plate 1-5-3 is arranged on one side of a storage frame 1-4 through the barrel taking guide mechanism 1-5-4, the barrel taking lifting sliding plate 1-5-3 is connected with the barrel taking lifting driver 1-5-5 arranged on one side of the storage frame 1-4, and the barrel taking lifting sliding plate 1-5-3 is connected with a barrel taking support plate 1-5-1 through a barrel taking support plate connecting arm 1-5-2. The barrel taking and lifting mechanism with the structure is more reasonable and compact in structure under the effect of ensuring a large lifting stroke. And preferably, the barrel taking lifting driver 1-5-5 adopts a rodless cylinder, and the barrel taking guide mechanism 1-5-4 adopts a sliding rail and sliding block mechanism, so that the occupied space of equipment is further saved, and the stable and reliable lifting operation is ensured. In addition, in order to further improve the running stability of the equipment, the barrel taking lifting and lowering mechanism further comprises a barrel taking buffer 1-5-6 which is positioned at the highest point of the barrel taking supporting plate 1-5-1 and matched with the barrel taking lifting and lowering sliding plate 1-5-3, and collision and impact of the barrel taking lifting and lowering sliding plate 1-5-3 are effectively avoided. Continuing with FIG. 4, the storage collet 1-6-5 is connected with a collet lifting driver 1-6-4 capable of moving up and down in a telescopic manner, the collet lifting driver 1-6-4 is connected with a feeding gripping driver 1-6-1 capable of moving up and down in a telescopic manner through a mounting plate 1-6-2, and the feeding gripping driver 1-6-1 is fixed on the storage frame 1-4. The storage clamping mechanism 1-6 is preferably provided with three groups on the storage frame 1-4, the feeding clamping driver 1-6-1 and the chuck lifting driver 1-6-4 are preferably air cylinders, and a telescopic guide column 1-6-3 is further arranged between the mounting plate 1-6-2 and a fixed plate on the storage frame 1-4, so that the flexible and stable action and quick response of the storage chuck 1-6-5 are ensured, and stable clamping acting force can be provided. In addition, the feeding conveying mechanism is also provided with a feeding stop mechanism 1-3 positioned near the barrel taking supporting plate 1-5-1, and the feeding stop mechanism 1-3 is used for stopping the barrel on the barrel taking supporting plate 1-5-1 when the telescopic barrel is integrally fed. Specifically, the feeding stopping mechanism 1-3 comprises a stopping cylinder and a positioning stop block arranged on a piston rod of the stopping cylinder, the conveying direction of the first feeding conveying mechanism 1-1 and the second feeding conveying mechanism 1-2 moves from the first feeding conveying mechanism 1-1 to the second feeding conveying mechanism 1-2, when the telescopic container barrels are integrally fed, the stopping cylinder of the feeding stopping mechanism 1-3 extends out to stop the piled container barrels at the position of the barrel separating and taking mechanism 1-5, and when the barrel separating and taking mechanism 1-5 takes out single container barrels one by one from the storage clamping mechanism 1-6 for conveying, the stopping cylinder of the feeding stopping mechanism 1-3 contracts and conveys the single container barrel by using the feeding conveying mechanism. By using the feeding stop mechanism 1-3, stable feeding of the stacked container barrels is realized, manual conveying and feeding are not needed, and the operation convenience and safety are improved.
As shown in fig. 16 and 17, in one embodiment, the structure principle of the finished product blanking device 8 is similar to that of the container barrel feeding device 1, and the finished product blanking device comprises a blanking conveying mechanism for horizontally conveying container barrels, a stacking frame 8-4 for storing a plurality of container barrels stacked together, and a stacking and conveying mechanism 8-5 for stacking single container barrels conveyed by the blanking conveying mechanism on the stacking frame 8-4 one by one, wherein the blanking conveying mechanism penetrates through the stacking frame 8-4, at least two groups of stacking and clamping mechanisms 8-6 for holding stacked container barrels on the stacking frame 8-4 are arranged at the upper part of the stacking frame 8-4, in operation, the container barrels subjected to the processes of assembly and the like reach the position of the stacking and conveying mechanism 8-5 through the blanking conveying mechanism, then the stacking and conveying mechanism 8-5 drives the container barrels to the position of the stacking and clamping mechanism 8-6 for lifting the last container barrel on the stacking frame 8-4, then the stacking and conveying mechanism 8-6 releases the container barrels, and the stacking and the container barrels 8-5 are lifted by all the stacking and conveying mechanisms to the position of the last container barrel 8-6, and the stacking and the container barrels 8-6 are continuously conveyed to the position of the stacking and the final clamping mechanism is lifted and clamped by the stacking and the last clamping mechanism 8-8 to the position. Wherein, the liquid crystal display device comprises a liquid crystal display device,
The stacking and bucket conveying mechanism 8-5 comprises a stacking supporting plate 8-5-1 and a stacking lifting mechanism for driving the stacking supporting plate 8-5-1 to move up and down, and the lowest point of the up and down movement stroke of the stacking supporting plate 8-5-1 is flush with or slightly lower than the conveying plane of the blanking conveying mechanism, so that the container bucket conveyed by the blanking conveying mechanism is ensured to stably reach the stacking supporting plate 8-5-1; the highest point of the up-and-down moving stroke of the stacking supporting plate 8-5-1 is the barrel bottom position of the bottommost container barrel clamped by the stacking clamping mechanism 8-6, so that the container barrel clamped by the stacking clamping mechanism 8-6 each time is the last container barrel after being nested. The stacking clamping mechanism 8-6 comprises a stacking clamping head 8-6-4 which can stretch back and forth, the stacking clamping head 8-6-4 can shrink back after the stacking supporting plate 8-5-1 drives the container barrel to be nested at the bottommost container barrel on the stacking frame 8-4, and the container barrel on the stacking supporting plate 8-5-1 can be stretched out forwards to clamp the container barrel on the stacking supporting plate 8-5-1 when the stacking supporting plate 8-5-1 rises to the highest point of the travel. The blanking conveying mechanism is also provided with a blanking stopping mechanism 8-3 for stopping the container barrel when the container barrel reaches the stacking supporting plate 8-5-1, and the blanking stopping mechanism 8-3 comprises a barrel stopping cylinder and a positioning stop block arranged on a barrel stopping cylinder piston rod, and stops the container barrel after the container barrel reaches the stacking supporting plate 8-5-1. Specifically, in the stacking process, the stacking supporting plate 8-5-1 is driven by the stacking lifting mechanism to first nest on the last container barrel clamped by the stacking clamping mechanism 8-6 with the container barrel, and plays a role in lifting the container barrel, then the stacking clamping mechanism 8-6 releases the clamped container barrel, the stacking supporting plate 8-5-1 rises to the highest point of the travel again with the stacked container barrel, then the stacking clamping mechanism 8-6 clamps the last container barrel on the stacking supporting plate 8-5-1, and meanwhile, the stacking supporting plate 8-5-1 descends and resets to prepare for the next nesting stacking action.
Continuing with fig. 16, in this embodiment, the blanking conveying mechanism includes a first blanking conveying mechanism 8-1 and a second blanking conveying mechanism 8-2 which are connected in sequence and have the same conveying direction, the palletizing pallet 8-5-1 is located between the first blanking conveying mechanism 8-1 and the second blanking conveying mechanism 8-2, and the conveying direction of the first blanking conveying mechanism 8-1 and the second blanking conveying mechanism 8-2 is moved from the first blanking conveying mechanism 8-1 to the second blanking conveying mechanism 8-2. The action control of the blanking conveying mechanism is more flexible and convenient, the stacking and barrel conveying mechanism 8-5 is convenient to install and layout, the device is simpler, the maintenance is convenient, and the occupied space is small; and, first unloading conveying mechanism 8-1 and second unloading conveying mechanism 8-2 all adopt belt conveyor, and the unloading is carried more reliably. The stacking lifting mechanism comprises a stacking lifting sliding plate 8-5-3, a lifting guide mechanism 8-5-4 and a stacking lifting driver 8-5-5, wherein the stacking lifting sliding plate 8-5-3 is arranged on one side of the stacking frame 8-4 through the lifting guide mechanism 8-5-4, the stacking lifting sliding plate 8-5-3 is connected with the stacking lifting driver 8-5-5 arranged on one side of the stacking frame 8-4, and the stacking lifting sliding plate 8-5-3 is connected with the stacking supporting plate 8-5-1 through a stacking supporting plate connecting arm 8-5-2. The stacking lifting mechanism with the structure is more reasonable and compact in structure under the effect of ensuring a large lifting stroke. And preferably, the stacking lifting driver 8-5-5 adopts a rodless cylinder, the lifting guide mechanism 8-5-4 adopts a sliding rail and sliding block mechanism, the occupied space of equipment is further saved, and the stable and reliable lifting operation is ensured. In addition, in order to further improve equipment operation stability, the stacking lifting mechanism further comprises a stacking buffer 8-5-6 which is positioned at the highest point of the travel of the stacking supporting plate 8-5-1 and matched with the stacking lifting sliding plate 8-5-3, and collision and impact of the stacking lifting sliding plate 8-5-3 are effectively avoided. Continuing with FIG. 17, the palletizing jaw 8-6-4 is connected to the drive end of the palletizing gripper driver 8-6-1 secured to the palletizing frame 8-4 by a jaw mounting plate 8-6-2. The stacking clamping mechanism 8-6 is preferably provided with three groups on the stacking frame 8-4, the stacking clamping driver 8-6-1 is preferably an air cylinder, and a telescopic guide post 8-6-3 is further arranged between the chuck mounting plate 8-6-2 and a fixing plate on the stacking frame 8-4, so that the flexible and stable action and quick response of the stacking chuck 8-6-4 are ensured, and stable clamping force can be provided. When the device specifically works, the container barrel after the procedures of assembly and the like is conveyed forwards from the first blanking conveying mechanism 8-1 and is stopped and positioned by the blanking stopping mechanism 8-3 when reaching the stacking supporting plate 8-5-1; then the stacking supporting plate 8-5-1 is driven by the stacking lifting driver 8-5-5 to move upwards, when the container barrel on the stacking supporting plate 8-5-1 reaches and is nested in the container barrel at the bottom of the stacking frame 8-4, the stacking clamping head 8-6-4 is retracted backwards under the action of the stacking clamping driver 8-6-1, and at the moment, the stacked container barrels are supported by the stacking supporting plate 8-5-1; then the stacking supporting plate 8-5-1 drives the container barrel on the stacking supporting plate to move upwards continuously and reach the highest point of the travel, at the moment, the bottommost container barrel on the stacking supporting plate 8-5-1 corresponds to the stacking clamp head 8-6-4 in position, and the stacking clamping driver 8-6-1 drives the stacking clamp head 8-6-4 to clamp the bottommost container barrel, so that one nesting stacking action is completed. If the previous working procedure finds that the operations such as the assembly of the container barrels are unqualified, the stacking and delivering mechanism 8-5 does not execute the stacking action, and the unqualified container barrels are directly delivered to the defective product area through the second blanking and delivering mechanism 8-2. After the stacked container barrels on the stacking frame 8-4 reach the set quantity, the stacking supporting plate 8-5-1 is lifted to the barrel bottom of the last container barrel on the stacking frame 8-4, the stacking clamping head 8-6-4 releases the container barrels, and then the stacking supporting plate 8-5-1 drives the stacked container barrels to descend to the blanking conveying mechanism and is conveyed out by the second blanking conveying mechanism 8-2.
According to the positioning assembly device for the bucket handle and the container bucket, disclosed by the invention, the mounting holes on two sides of the container bucket are positioned and fixed by the container bucket positioning device, and the mounting holes are supported by the supporting blocks in the container bucket positioning device, so that the bucket handle grabbed by the bucket handle grabbing assembly device can be accurately and stably mounted on the container bucket, the problem that the bucket handle is not mounted in place due to deformation of the bucket handle mounting holes in the bucket handle mounting process is effectively prevented, and the bucket handle mounting success rate and the bucket handle mounting stability are greatly improved. In addition, the positioning and assembling device for the barrel handle and the container barrel provides technical support for automatically assembling the barrel handle and the container barrel, and the barrel handle and the container barrel are assembled by utilizing automatic equipment, so that the assembling efficiency is high, the quality of assembled products is stable, and the labor cost is greatly reduced.
The invention and its embodiments have been described above schematically, without limitation, and the actual construction is not limited to this, as it is shown in the drawings, which are only one of the embodiments of the invention. Therefore, if one of ordinary skill in the art is informed by this disclosure, a structural manner and an embodiment similar to the technical scheme are not creatively devised without departing from the gist of the present invention, and all the structural manners and the embodiments belong to the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a positioning assembly device of bucket handle and container bucket which characterized in that: comprises a container barrel positioning device (3) capable of positioning and fixing mounting holes on two sides of a container barrel and a barrel handle grabbing assembly device (6) capable of grabbing a barrel handle and moving to the container barrel positioning device (3) for barrel handle mounting, wherein,
the container barrel positioning device (3) comprises a mounting hole positioning mechanism and a mounting hole supporting mechanism positioned at the mounting hole after positioning, wherein the mounting hole supporting mechanism is provided with supporting blocks (3-14) capable of supporting the mounting holes and supporting block driving mechanisms connected with the supporting blocks (3-14);
the barrel handle grabbing assembly device (6) comprises a finger claw mechanism capable of grabbing the barrel handle and installing the barrel handle and a finger claw moving mechanism driving the finger claw mechanism to grab the barrel handle and convey the barrel handle to the container barrel positioning device (3);
one end of the supporting block (3-14) is provided with a notch (3-14-1) for accommodating the side wall of the mounting hole, and the side walls on two sides of the notch (3-14-1) are provided with notches (3-14-2) corresponding to the mounting hole; a chamfer angle (3-14-3) which is convenient for inserting the bucket handle hook head is further arranged at the notch (3-14-2) on the outer side wall of the supporting block (3-14), and a bucket handle detection sensor (3-14-4) which is used for detecting whether the bucket handle hook head is installed in place or not is further arranged on the inner side wall of the supporting block (3-14); in the assembly process of the barrel handle and the container barrel, the supporting blocks (3-14) clamp the skirt edge at the mounting hole, the hook head of the barrel handle is guided by the chamfer (3-14-3) structure at the outer side of the supporting blocks (3-14) and is easier to enter the mounting hole, and when the hook head of the barrel handle passes through the mounting hole, the hook head of the barrel handle can be detected by the barrel handle detection sensor (3-14-4), so that the assembly success can be judged.
2. The positioning and assembling device for a tub handle and a container tub according to claim 1, wherein: the supporting block driving mechanism comprises a rotary driver (3-12) and a rotating arm (3-13), wherein the rotary driver (3-12) is fixedly connected with one end of the rotating arm (3-13) and is used for driving the rotating arm (3-13) to swing, and the supporting block (3-14) is fixed at the other end of the rotating arm (3-13) and is used for supporting the mounting hole by rotating to mounting holes on two sides of the container barrel along with the rotating arm (3-13).
3. The positioning and assembling device for a tub handle and a container tub according to claim 2, wherein: the mounting hole positioning mechanism comprises a rotary positioning station and a compacting assembly station, wherein a barrel bottom turntable (3-10), a positioning stop block (3-11), a positioning pressing driver (3-4) and a rotary pressing head (3-5) are arranged on the rotary positioning station, the barrel bottom turntable (3-10) is positioned below the rotary positioning station, a rotary driver capable of driving the barrel bottom turntable (3-10) to rotate and a turntable lifting driver capable of driving the barrel bottom turntable (3-10) to lift are arranged at the bottom of the barrel bottom turntable (3-10), the positioning stop block (3-11) is fixed near the periphery of the barrel bottom turntable (3-10) and is used for being matched with a bulge at the bottom of a container body for positioning, the positioning pressing driver (3-4) is arranged right above the barrel bottom turntable (3-10), and the driving end of the positioning pressing driver (3-4) is rotationally connected with the rotary pressing head (3-5) used for compacting on a barrel opening of the container; the device is characterized in that an assembly pressing driver (3-6) and an assembly pressing plate (3-7) are arranged on the compression assembly station, the assembly pressing driver (3-6) is located above the compression assembly station, and the driving end of the assembly pressing driver (3-6) is connected with the assembly pressing plate (3-7) and used for compressing and fixing a container barrel on the compression assembly station.
4. A positioning assembly device for a handle and a container according to claim 3, wherein: the assembling pressing plate (3-7) is also provided with a forward pushing driver (3-8), and the driving end of the forward pushing driver (3-8) is also provided with a pushing plate (3-9) for pushing the barrel handle assembled on the container barrel.
5. A positioning assembly device for a tub handle and a tub of a container according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein: the finger claw moving mechanism comprises a bucket handle grabbing cross beam (5), a sliding driving mechanism (5-3), a grabbing bracket (6-1), a lifting driving mechanism (6-2) and a grabbing guide mechanism (6-3), wherein the sliding driving mechanism (5-3) is arranged on the bucket handle grabbing cross beam (5) and can slide back and forth on the bucket handle grabbing cross beam (5); the grabbing support (6-1) is arranged on the sliding driving mechanism (5-3) through the lifting driving mechanism (6-2) and the grabbing guide mechanism (6-3) and is used for driving the grabbing support (6-1) to move up and down.
6. The positioning and assembling device for a tub handle and a container tub according to claim 5, wherein: the two ends of the grabbing support (6-1) are respectively provided with a group of claw mechanisms, each claw mechanism comprises a barrel handle grabbing driver (6-4), a claw driver (6-5) and a claw (6-6), the barrel handle grabbing drivers (6-4) are fixed at the bottoms of the grabbing support (6-1), the claw drivers (6-5) are connected with the driving ends of the barrel handle grabbing drivers (6-4), and the claw (6-6) is installed on the claw drivers (6-5).
CN201710474040.3A 2017-06-21 2017-06-21 Positioning and assembling device for barrel handle and container barrel Active CN107081581B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710474040.3A CN107081581B (en) 2017-06-21 2017-06-21 Positioning and assembling device for barrel handle and container barrel

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710474040.3A CN107081581B (en) 2017-06-21 2017-06-21 Positioning and assembling device for barrel handle and container barrel

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107081581A CN107081581A (en) 2017-08-22
CN107081581B true CN107081581B (en) 2023-05-30

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