CN107032245A - A kind of head sheave automatic force regulating device and method of extra deep shaft duplex type lifting system - Google Patents

A kind of head sheave automatic force regulating device and method of extra deep shaft duplex type lifting system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107032245A
CN107032245A CN201710301390.XA CN201710301390A CN107032245A CN 107032245 A CN107032245 A CN 107032245A CN 201710301390 A CN201710301390 A CN 201710301390A CN 107032245 A CN107032245 A CN 107032245A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
head sheave
steel wire
reel
wire rope
axle
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Granted
Application number
CN201710301390.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107032245B (en
Inventor
曹国华
王可
朱真才
彭维红
花纯利
周公博
彭玉兴
李伟
冯世哲
刘善增
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China University of Mining and Technology CUMT
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China University of Mining and Technology CUMT
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Priority to CN201710301390.XA priority Critical patent/CN107032245B/en
Publication of CN107032245A publication Critical patent/CN107032245A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN107032245B publication Critical patent/CN107032245B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66DCAPSTANS; WINCHES; TACKLES, e.g. PULLEY BLOCKS; HOISTS
    • B66D1/00Rope, cable, or chain winding mechanisms; Capstans
    • B66D1/02Driving gear
    • B66D1/12Driving gear incorporating electric motors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66DCAPSTANS; WINCHES; TACKLES, e.g. PULLEY BLOCKS; HOISTS
    • B66D1/00Rope, cable, or chain winding mechanisms; Capstans
    • B66D1/02Driving gear
    • B66D1/14Power transmissions between power sources and drums or barrels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66DCAPSTANS; WINCHES; TACKLES, e.g. PULLEY BLOCKS; HOISTS
    • B66D1/00Rope, cable, or chain winding mechanisms; Capstans
    • B66D1/28Other constructional details
    • B66D1/40Control devices
    • B66D1/48Control devices automatic
    • B66D1/52Control devices automatic for varying rope or cable tension, e.g. when recovering craft from water

Abstract

A kind of head sheave automatic force regulating device and method of extra deep shaft duplex type lifting system, it is adaptable to the regulation of the steel wire rope tension self_poise.The fixed block that device includes the middle axle for being provided with through hole, is mounted on an axle, the regulation steel wire rope tension adjusting means for balance rope tension force, the reel for adjusting steel wire rope decentralization length.When the boom hoist cable tension imbalance on two driving rollers, boom hoist cable in head sheave is slided up and down with the sliding block on moving axis along slide rail respectively, moving up and down for both sides floating head sheave is adjusted simultaneously so that the tension force of the boom hoist cable in both sides floating head sheave is balanced.Its is simple in construction, and operation is easily realized, highly reliable, largely meets in extra deep shaft lifting the need for equalization of strain.

Description

A kind of head sheave automatic force regulating device and method of extra deep shaft duplex type lifting system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of head sheave automatic force regulating device and method of extra deep shaft duplex type lifting system, it is particularly suitable for use in The regulation of the steel wire rope tension self_poise.
Background technology
In mine shaft hoist system, hoisting container is usually to bypass head sheave by steel wire rope with roller to be connected, due to elevator It is different that the steel wire rope connected between the manufacture alignment error of upper roller or abrasion, different hoisting containers there may be tension force And cause its discontinuity, easily occur security incident, in order to prevent the appearance of problems, generally require in lifting system Middle installation tension bascule.The equalization of strain that current existing equalization of strain adjusting means only can be suitably used for shallower layer well is adjusted Section, and for the equalization of strain regulation problem that deep layer mine duplex type is lifted, now without effective tension balance device.
The content of the invention
Technical problem:The purpose of the present invention be for it is of the prior art exist the problem of there is provided one kind it is simple in construction, The head sheave automatic force regulating device and method of the high extra deep shaft duplex type lifting system of dynamic balance, reliability.
Technical scheme:The head sheave automatic force regulating device of the extra deep shaft duplex type lifting system of the present invention, including head sheave mechanism, Pile warp head sheave is wound with the drive device being made up of motor, shaft coupling, decelerator and driving reel, driving reel with lifting to hold The connected boom hoist cable of device, described drive device is symmetrically set with two sets, connected as one through shaft coupling three;It is described Head sheave mechanism be symmetrically set with two sets, linked together through shaft coupling four;Described left and right Liang Tao head sheaves mechanism difference It is connected by two sets of drive devices of the boom hoist cable of left and right two and left and right, head sheave mechanism includes slide rail, sliding block, axle, fixation Block, regulation steel wire rope tension adjusting means, rolling bearing, floating head sheave, bearing block, reel and spool shaft;The floating head sheave It is mounted on an axle by rolling bearing, the two ends of axle are fixed in two sliding blocks by key, and sliding block is flush-mounted in slide rail, can be along Slide rail is slided up and down to drive floating head sheave to move up and down, and the left and right ends of floating head sheave, which are respectively symmetrically installed with, to be fixed on axle A corresponding regulation steel wire rope tension adjusting means is installed with multiple fixed blocks, each fixed block, it is each to adjust Save many piece regulation steel wire ropes of the top of steel wire rope tension adjusting means respectively with being wrapped on reel to be connected, bearing block is fixed In the both sides of two reels in left and right, spool shaft is located in bearing block by the bearing block support that is fixedly mounted, reel through spool shaft.
Described axle center is provided with the through hole of fluid needed for for storing regulation steel wire rope tension adjustment device work, axle position The through hole end of end positions is provided with the radial hole for being connected with pipeline inside slide rail, so that the left and right ends phase of through hole It is logical.
What the floating head sheave left and right ends were respectively symmetrically installed is fixed on multiple fixed numbers of blocks on axle for 2~10.
Described reel is located at the top of floating head sheave, and reel is provided with the steel wire rope spiral rope of corresponding multiple fixed blocks The fag end briquetting of groove and fixed many steel wire ropes.
The company between the reel of left and right two and regulation steel wire rope tension adjusting means in the left and right Liang Tao head sheaves mechanism The many regulation steel wire ropes connect on mode difference, left side reel correspond phase with regulation steel wire rope tension adjusting means respectively Even, two directive wheels are respectively equipped with many regulation steel wire ropes on the reel of right side, many regulation steel wire ropes bypass two respectively Correspond and be connected with regulation steel wire rope tension adjusting means after directive wheel.
The diameter of the spiral drum slot being located on reel is identical, the winding side of the regulation steel wire rope on the reel of left and right two Formula is different, two reels in common rotation in the presence of shaft coupling four, can realize regulation steel wire rope on the reel of side to Upper winding, and the regulation steel wire rope on opposite side reel is released downwards.
Described regulation steel wire rope tension adjusting means is hydraulic pressure tension-adjusting gear or spring tension adjusting means.
Use the head sheave automatic force regulating method of the extra deep shaft duplex type lifting system of said apparatus:
When the left side boom hoist cable overtension in the left floating head sheave in the head sheave mechanism of left side, left side is pressed Axle, makes the sliding block at the axle two ends being arranged in the head sheave mechanism of left side along slide rail slide downward, drives left floating head sheave to move down, left Side boom hoist cable tension force diminishes, while making the left regulation steel wire rope on the reel of left side release downwards, drives left side reel to make inverse Hour hands are rotated, and left side reel drives right side reel equally to rotate counterclockwise by shaft coupling four so that the right side on the reel of right side Regulation steel wire rope is wound upwards, the axle on the right side of pulling, is made the sliding block installed in right-hand axis two ends along slide rail upward sliding, is driven Right floating head sheave is moved up, and right side boom hoist cable tension force becomes big, until the steel wire rope tension balance in the floating head sheave of left and right two, Adjust steel wire rope tension adjusting means ability stopping action;
When the boom hoist cable Tensity size in the floating head sheave of left and right two is identical, steel wire rope tension adjusting means is adjusted Do not act, sliding block, which is then fixed in slide rail, not to be slided, the same remains stationary state of the floating head sheave of left and right two, until Ability is acted when boom hoist cable Tensity size in the floating head sheave of left and right two changes;
When the boom hoist cable overtension in the right floating head sheave in the head sheave mechanism of right side, the axle on right side is pressed, is made The sliding block at the axle two ends in the head sheave mechanism of right side drives right floating head sheave to move down, right side is carried along slide rail slide downward Rise steel wire rope tension to diminish, while making the right regulation steel wire rope on the reel of right side release downwards, drive right side reel to make clockwise Rotate, right side reel drives left side reel equally to rotate clockwise by shaft coupling four so that the left regulation on the reel of left side Steel wire rope is wound upwards, the axle on the left of pulling, makes the sliding block installed in left-hand axis two ends along slide rail upward sliding, is driven left floating Dynamic head sheave is moved up, and left side boom hoist cable tension force becomes big, the hoist multi-rope tensions balance in the floating head sheave of left and right two.
Beneficial effect:By adopting the above-described technical solution, the present invention passes through the boom hoist cable on two driving rollers When power is uneven, the action of the piston rod of the connection oil cylinder of regulation steel wire rope tension adjusting means is sliding with the sliding block edge on moving axis Rail is slided up and down, while adjusting moving up and down for both sides floating head sheave so that of the boom hoist cable in both sides floating head sheave Power is balanced.Its is simple in construction, and operation is easily realized, highly reliable, and the steel wire rope tension for effectively meeting deep-well lifting is put down The need for weighing apparatus, provided for deep-well under a kind of new approach, its major advantage:
(1) present invention is using many wirerope-windings on reel, and the wirerope diameter used can be with very little, and adjusts Length can be very long, largely meets in deep-well lifting process the need for equalization of strain;
(2) present invention eliminates the Tension Difference between steel wire rope so that between the steel wire rope of the different hoisting containers of suspention Power keeps balance;
(3) regulation steel wire rope tension adjusting means of the invention can ensure two steel wire ropes being wound on same reel it Between tension self_poise, the slight tension caused by the manufacturing and fixing error of reel is unaffected;
(4) roll device and head sheave of the invention are each independently installed, each other without influence, have both reduced because of steel wire rope The generation of rope-broken accident caused by tension force is uneven, and the safety and reliability of elevator operation can be effectively improved.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is Fig. 1 tension-adjusting gear close-up schematic view.
Fig. 3 is the right side relative position mounting structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the hydraulic pressure tension-adjusting gear of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the spring tension adjusting means fag end of the present invention.
In figure:1- motors;The left motors of 1-1-;The right motors of 1-2-;2- shaft couplings one;3- decelerators;The left decelerators of 3-1-;3- The right decelerators of 2-;4- shaft couplings two;5- drives reel;The left driving reels of 5-1-;The right driving rollers of 5-2-;6- shaft couplings three;7- Boom hoist cable;The left boom hoist cables of 7-1-;The right boom hoist cables of 7-2-;8- slide rails;9- sliding blocks;10- axles;11- keys;12- is managed Road;13- fixed blocks;14- adjusts steel wire rope tension adjusting means;Plate in 14-1-1-;14-1-2- oil cylinders;14-1-3- piston rods; 14-1-4- side plates;14-2-1- fag ends;14-2-2- spring fixed seats;14-2-3- springs;14-2-4- studs;14-2-5- pads Piece;14-2-6- top nuts;14-2-7- lower nuts;15- rolling bearings;16- floating head sheaves;The left floating head sheaves of 16-1-;16-2- Right floating head sheave;17- adjusts steel wire rope;The left regulation steel wire ropes of 17-1-;The right regulation steel wire ropes of 17-2-;18- bearing blocks;19- volumes Cylinder;Reel on the left of 19-1-;Reel on the right side of 19-2-;20- spool shafts;21- shaft couplings four;22- directive wheels;The upper directive wheels of 22-1-; Directive wheel under 22-1-;23- hoisting containers.
Embodiment
One embodiment of the present of invention is further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
As shown in Figure 1:The head sheave automatic force regulating device of the extra deep shaft duplex type lifting system of the present invention, mainly by day turbine Structure, drive device constitute, drive device mainly by motor 1, shaft coupling, decelerator 3 and driving reel 5 constitute, driving reel 5 by Motor 1 is driven through decelerator 3, and wherein motor 1 is connected to decelerator 3 through shaft coupling 1, and decelerator 3 connects through shaft coupling 24 It is connected on driving reel 5, driving reel 5 and is wound with the boom hoist cable 7 that pile warp head sheave is connected with hoisting container 23, described drive Dynamic device is symmetrically set with two sets, is connected as one through shaft coupling 36;Left and right two drives reel 5-1 and 5-2 to pass through shaft coupling Device 36 is attached;Two motor 1-1 and 1-2 starts simultaneously, drives reel 5-1 and 5-2 to turn simultaneously by decelerator 3-1 and 3-2 It is dynamic, drive boom hoist cable 7 winding or to be transferred on driving reel 5 so that the hoisting container 23 of both sides realize simultaneously lifting or Decentralization.Described head sheave mechanism is symmetrically set with two sets, is linked together through shaft coupling 4 21;Described two sets of left and right day Wheel mechanism is connected by two sets of drive devices of the boom hoist cable 7 of left and right two and left and right respectively.
As shown in Fig. 2 head sheave mechanism includes slide rail 8, sliding block 9, axle 10, fixed block 13, regulation steel wire rope tension regulation dress Put 14, rolling bearing 15, floating head sheave 16, bearing block 18, reel 19 and spool shaft 20;The floating head sheave 16 passes through the axis of rolling Hold 15 to be arranged on axle 10, the two ends of axle 10 are fixed in two sliding blocks 9 by key 11, prevent the rotation of axle 10, and sliding block 9 is embedded in In in slide rail 8, it can be slided up and down along slide rail 8 to drive floating head sheave 16 to move up and down, floating head sheave 16 passes through rolling bearing 15 are connected with axle 10, can be rotated around axle 10, and the rotation of floating head sheave 16 drives the hoisting container 23 that boom hoist cable 7 is suspended in midair Move up and down, it is 2~10 and the fixed block being fixed on axle 10 that the left and right ends of floating head sheave 16, which are respectively symmetrically installed with quantity, 13, a corresponding regulation steel wire rope tension adjusting means 14 is installed with each fixed block 13, in regulation steel wire In the presence of rope tension adjusting means 14, the boom hoist cable 7 in the floating head sheave 16 of left and right two can realize equalization of strain.Institute The regulation steel wire rope tension adjusting means 14 stated can be hydraulic pressure tension-adjusting gear or spring tension adjusting means.
Described regulation steel wire rope tension adjusting means, when being adjusted according to hydraulic pressure, can be used by middle plate, oil cylinder, piston Multiple regulation steel wire rope tension adjusting meanss in bar, side plate composition hydraulic pressure tension-adjusting gear, each head sheave are connected by pipeline It is logical;, can be using the spring tension adjusting means being made up of spring, stud, nut and fag end during according to spring force adjustment.- in Plate;- oil cylinder;- piston rod;- side plate;
When described regulation steel wire rope tension adjusting means 14 is adjusted according to hydraulic pressure, using hydraulic pressure tension-adjusting gear, Hydraulic pressure tension-adjusting gear includes middle plate 14-1-1, the oil cylinder 14-1-2 being located on middle plate 14-1-1, piston rod 14-1-3 and set Side plate 14-1-4 in middle plate 14-1-1 both sides, as shown in Figure 4.Multiple regulation steel wire rope tension adjusting meanss 14 pass through pipeline 12 Connection, pipeline 12 is used to regulation steel wire rope tension adjusting means 14 being connected with the through hole on axle 10, makes the two ends of floating head sheave 16 Regulation steel wire rope tension adjusting means 14 or so communicate, keep the pressure in the regulation steel wire rope tension adjusting means 14 at two ends It is essentially identical.The many regulation steel wires of the top of each regulation steel wire rope tension adjusting means 14 respectively with being wrapped on reel 19 Rope 17 is connected, and bearing block 18 is fixed on left and right sides reel 19-1,19-2 both sides, and spool shaft 20 is by the bearing block that is fixedly mounted 18 supportings, reel 19 is located in bearing block 18 through spool shaft 20.The centers of Zhou 10 are provided with for storing regulation steel wire rope Apparatus for adjusting force 14 work needed for fluid through hole, axle 10 be located at the inside end positions of slide rail 8 through hole end be provided with for The radial hole that pipeline 12 is connected, so that the left and right ends of through hole are communicated.Regulation steel wire rope installed in the same two ends of axle 10 Apparatus for adjusting force 14 is commonly connected to constitute path in the through hole at the center of axle 10 by pipeline 12, to ensure to be wrapped in same volume The tension force kept in balance between regulation steel wire rope 17 on cylinder 19, due to the manufacturing and fixing error of reel, left and right sides steel Tension force between cord can have small difference.The spring tension being made up of spring, stud, nut and fag end can be used to adjust Device.
When described regulation steel wire rope tension adjusting means 14 is according to spring force adjustment, using spring tension adjusting means, Spring tension adjusting means includes spring 14-2-3, stud 14-2-4, top nut 14-2-6, lower nut 14-2-7 and fag end 14- The spring tension adjusting means of 2-1 compositions, as shown in Figure 5.Adjust steel wire rope tension adjusting means 14 by fag end 14-2-1 with Regulation steel wire rope 17 on reel 19 is connected, and fag end 14-2-1 is arranged on stud 14-2-4 upper end, stud 14-2-4 lower ends Having above upper lower nut 14-2-6,14-2-7 of threaded connection, top nut 14-2-6 has spring 14-2-3 to be sleeved on stud 14-2- On 4, spring fixed seat 14-2-2 is carried out by upper lower nut 14-2-6, the 14-2-7 tightened to spring 14-2-3 upper and lower ends Fixed, when 7 tension imbalance of boom hoist cable, the spring 14-2-4 that the maximum boom hoist cable 7 of tension force is connected is first Compressed, then adjust upper lower nut 14-2-6,14-2-7 until the tension force of all boom hoist cables 7 is identical.
Described reel 19 is located at the top of floating head sheave 16, and reel 19 is provided with the steel wire of corresponding multiple fixed blocks 13 The fag end briquetting of rope spiral drum slot and fixed many steel wire ropes 17.The diameter of the spiral drum slot being located on reel 19 is identical, The canoe of regulation steel wire rope 17 on the reel 19 of left and right two is different, and two reels 19 are common in the presence of shaft coupling 4 21 During with rotating, it can realize that the regulation steel wire rope 17 on a reel 19 is wound upwards, and the regulation steel on opposite side reel 19 Cord 17 is released downwards.Respectively be wound with 2~10 sections of regulation steel wire ropes 17 on each reel 19, each regulation steel wire rope 17 with One regulation steel wire rope tension adjusting means 14 is connected, the regulation steel wire rope 17 on left and right two winding drum 19 and regulation steel wire rope The connected mode of apparatus for adjusting force is different, and the steel wire rope on the reel 19-1 of left side is directly with adjusting steel wire rope tension adjusting means 14 Be connected, the steel wire rope on the reel 19-2 of right side bypass after two directive wheels 22 with regulation steel wire rope tension adjusting means 14 be connected, And two directive wheels 22-1 and 22-2 steel wire rope grooving are in same perpendicular;Corresponding fixed block is offered on reel 19 13 steel wire rope spiral drum slot and the briquetting of regulation steel wire rope 17, to fix the fag end of steel wire rope 17 and make steel wire rope 17 in volume Orderly winding on cylinder 19, it is to avoid disorder cable phenomenon;Spool shaft 20 is supported by the bearing block 18 being fixedly mounted, left and right two winding drum 19-1 and 19-2 is attached by shaft coupling 4 21.
Between the reel 19 of left and right two and regulation steel wire rope tension adjusting means 14 in the left and right Liang Tao head sheaves mechanism Connected mode it is different, as shown in figure 1, many regulation steel wire ropes 17 on the reel 19-1 of left side respectively with regulation steel wire rope tension Adjusting means 14, which is corresponded, to be connected, and two directive wheels are respectively equipped with many regulation steel wire ropes 17 on the reel 19-2 of right side 22, many regulation steel wire ropes 17 are bypassed after two directive wheels 22 with the regulation steel wire rope tension adjusting means 14 on right side one by one respectively Correspondence is connected.Many regulation steel wire ropes 17 of the left and right sides shown in Fig. 1 have four respectively, are wrapped on the reel 19-2 of right side Right regulation steel wire rope 17-2 is passed through to be connected by two directive wheels 22-1,22-2 with regulation steel wire rope tension adjusting means 14, is made Obtain the regulation steel wire rope 17-1 connected between left side reel 19-1 and the regulation steel wire rope tension adjusting means 14 in left side and right side The right side regulation steel wire rope 17-2 that the regulation steel wire rope tension adjusting means 14 on reel 19-2 and right side is connected is bypassing directive wheel After 22-1 and 22-2 in same perpendicular, as shown in Figure 3.
The head sheave automatic force regulating method of the extra deep shaft duplex type lifting system of the present invention:
When the boom hoist cable 7-1 overtensions on the left floating head sheave 16-1 in the head sheave mechanism of left side, left side is pressed Axle 10, make the sliding block 9 at the two ends of axle 10 being arranged in the head sheave mechanism of left side along the slide downward of slide rail 8, drive left floating day Wheel 16-1 is moved down, and left side boom hoist cable 7-1 tension force diminishes, at the same make left regulation steel wire rope 17-1 on the reel 19-1 of left side to It is lower to release, drive left side reel 19-1 to rotate counterclockwise, left side reel 19-1 drives right side reel 19- by shaft coupling 4 21 2 are equally rotated counterclockwise so that the right regulation steel wire rope 17-2 on the reel 19-2 of right side is wound upwards, right side regulation steel wire rope Tension-adjusting gear 14 passes through middle plate 14-1 and side plate 14-4 compression cylinders 14-2 so that piston rod 14-3 is protruding, pulls The axle 10 on right side, makes the sliding block 9 installed in the two ends of right-hand axis 10 along the upward sliding of slide rail 8, drives on right floating head sheave 16-2 Move, right side boom hoist cable 7-2 tension force becomes big, the equalization of strain of steel wire rope 7 in the floating head sheave 16 of left and right two;
When the Tensity size of boom hoist cable 7 in the floating head sheave 16 of left and right two is identical, sliding block 9 is then fixed on slide rail 8 In do not slide, the same remains stationary state of the floating head sheave 16 of left and right two, until left and right two floating head sheaves 16 on carrying The ability when Tensity size of steel wire rope 7 changes is risen to act;
When the boom hoist cable 7-2 overtensions on the right floating head sheave 16-2 in the head sheave mechanism of right side, right side is pressed Axle 10, make the sliding block 9 at the two ends of axle 10 being arranged in the head sheave mechanism of right side along the slide downward of slide rail 8, drive right floating day Wheel 16-2 is moved down, and right side boom hoist cable 7-2 tension force diminishes, at the same make right regulation steel wire rope 17-2 on the reel 19-2 of right side to It is lower to release, drive right side reel 19-2 to rotate clockwise, right side reel 19-2 drives left side reel 19- by shaft coupling 4 21 1 is equally rotated clockwise so that the left regulation steel wire rope 17-1 on the reel 19-1 of left side is wound upwards, the axle on the left of pulling 10, make the sliding block 9 installed in the two ends of left-hand axis 10 along the upward sliding of slide rail 8, drive left floating head sheave 16-1 to move up, left side is carried Rise steel wire rope 7-1 tension force and become big, the equalization of strain of boom hoist cable 7 in the floating head sheave 16 of left and right two.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of head sheave automatic force regulating device of extra deep shaft duplex type lifting system, including head sheave mechanism, by motor(1), shaft coupling Device, decelerator(3)With driving reel(5)The drive device of composition, drives reel(5)On be wound with pile warp head sheave(16)With lifting Container(23)Connected boom hoist cable(7), it is characterised in that:Described drive device is symmetrically set with two sets, through connection Axle device three(6)Connect as one;Described head sheave mechanism is symmetrically set with two sets, through shaft coupling four(21)It is connected to one Rise;Described left and right Liang Tao head sheaves mechanism passes through the boom hoist cable of left and right two respectively(7)It is connected with two sets of left and right drive device Connect, head sheave mechanism includes slide rail(8), sliding block(9), axle(10), fixed block(13), regulation steel wire rope tension adjusting means(14)、 Rolling bearing(15), floating head sheave(16), bearing block(18), reel(19)And spool shaft(20);The floating head sheave(16)It is logical Cross rolling bearing(15)Installed in axle(10)On, axle(10)Two ends pass through key(11)It is fixed on two sliding blocks(9)It is interior, sliding block (9)It is flush-mounted in slide rail(8)It is interior, can be along slide rail(8)Slide up and down to drive floating head sheave(16)Move up and down, floating head sheave (16)Left and right ends be respectively symmetrically installed with and be fixed on axle(10)On multiple fixed blocks(13), each fixed block(13)On it is solid Dingan County is equipped with a corresponding regulation steel wire rope tension adjusting means(14), each regulation steel wire rope tension adjusting means(14) Top respectively with being wrapped in reel(19)On many regulation steel wire ropes(17)It is connected, bearing block(18)It is fixed on reel (19)Both sides, spool shaft(20)By the bearing block being fixedly mounted(18)Supporting, reel(19)Through spool shaft(20)It is located at bearing Seat(18)It is interior.
2. a kind of head sheave automatic force regulating device of extra deep shaft duplex type lifting system according to claim 1, its feature exists In:Described axle(10)Center is provided with for storing regulation steel wire rope tension adjusting means(14)The through hole of fluid needed for work, Axle(10)Positioned at slide rail(8)The through hole end of internal end positions, which is provided with, to be used for and pipeline(12)The radial hole being connected, so that The left and right ends of through hole are communicated.
3. a kind of head sheave automatic force regulating device of extra deep shaft duplex type lifting system according to claim 1, its feature exists In:The floating head sheave(16)What left and right ends were respectively symmetrically installed is fixed on axle(10)On multiple fixed blocks(13)Quantity be 2 ~ 10.
4. a kind of head sheave automatic force regulating device of extra deep shaft duplex type lifting system according to claim 1, its feature exists In:Described reel(19)It is located at floating head sheave(16)Top, reel(19)It is provided with corresponding multiple fixed blocks(13)'s Steel wire rope spiral drum slot and fixed many steel wire ropes(17)Fag end briquetting.
5. a kind of head sheave automatic force regulating device of extra deep shaft duplex type lifting system according to claim 1, its feature exists In:The reel of left and right two in the left and right Liang Tao head sheaves mechanism(19)With regulation steel wire rope tension adjusting means(14)Between Connected mode is different, left side reel(19-1)On many regulation steel wire ropes(17)Respectively with regulation steel wire rope tension adjusting means (14)Correspond and be connected, right side reel(19-2)On many regulation steel wire ropes(17)On be respectively equipped with two directive wheels (22), many regulation steel wire ropes(17)Two directive wheels are bypassed respectively(22)Afterwards with regulation steel wire rope tension adjusting means(14)One One correspondence is connected.
6. a kind of head sheave automatic force regulating device of extra deep shaft duplex type lifting system according to claim 4 or 5, its feature It is:It is described to be located at reel(19)On spiral drum slot diameter it is identical, the reel of left and right two(19)On regulation steel wire rope (17)Canoe it is different, two reels(19)In shaft coupling four(21)In the presence of common rotation when, one can be realized Reel(19)On regulation steel wire rope(17)Winding upwards, and opposite side reel(19)On regulation steel wire rope(17)To decentralization Go out.
7. a kind of head sheave automatic force regulating device of extra deep shaft duplex type lifting system according to claim 1, its feature exists In:Described regulation steel wire rope tension adjusting means(14)For hydraulic pressure tension-adjusting gear or spring tension adjusting means.
8. the head sheave automatic force regulating method of a kind of extra deep shaft duplex type lifting system of device according to claim 1, it is special Levy and be:
When the left floating head sheave in the head sheave mechanism of left side(16-1)On boom hoist cable(7-1)During overtension, left side is pressed Axle(10), make the axle being arranged in the head sheave mechanism of left side(10)The sliding block at two ends(9)Along slide rail(8)Slide downward, drives Left floating head sheave(16-1)Move down, left side boom hoist cable(7-1)Tension force diminishes, while making left side reel(19-1)On left tune Save steel wire rope(17-1)Release downwards, drive left side reel(19-1)Rotate counterclockwise, left side reel(19-1)Pass through shaft coupling Device four(21)Drive right side reel(19-2)Equally rotate counterclockwise so that right side reel(19-2)On right regulation steel wire rope (17-2)Axle on the right side of winding upwards, pulling(10), make to be arranged on right-hand axis(10)The sliding block at two ends(9)Along slide rail(8)To It is upper to slide, drive right floating head sheave(16-2)Move up, right side boom hoist cable(7-2)Tension force becomes big, until the floating of left and right two Head sheave(16)On steel wire rope(7)Equalization of strain;
When the floating head sheave of left and right two(16)On boom hoist cable(7)When Tensity size is identical, sliding block(9)Then it is fixed on slide rail (8)In do not slide, the floating head sheave of left and right two(16)Same remains stationary state, until the two floating head sheaves in left and right(16) On boom hoist cable(7)Ability is acted when Tensity size changes;
When the right floating head sheave in the head sheave mechanism of right side(16-2)On boom hoist cable(7-2)During overtension, right side is pressed Axle(10), make the axle being arranged in the head sheave mechanism of right side(10)The sliding block at two ends(9)Along slide rail(8)Slide downward, drives Right floating head sheave(16-2)Move down, right side boom hoist cable(7-2)Tension force diminishes, while making right side reel(19-2)On right tune Save steel wire rope(17-2)Release downwards, drive right side reel(19-2)Rotate clockwise, right side reel(19-2)Pass through shaft coupling Device four(21)Drive left side reel(19-1)Equally rotate clockwise so that left side reel(19-1)On left regulation steel wire rope (17-1)Axle on the left of winding upwards, pulling(10), make to be arranged on left-hand axis(10)The sliding block at two ends(9)Along slide rail(8)To It is upper to slide, drive left floating head sheave(16-1)Move up, left side boom hoist cable(7-1)Tension force becomes big, until the floating of left and right two Head sheave(16)On boom hoist cable(7)Equalization of strain.
CN201710301390.XA 2017-05-02 2017-05-02 A kind of head sheave automatic force regulating device and method of extra deep shaft duplex type lifting system Expired - Fee Related CN107032245B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108128683A (en) * 2017-12-20 2018-06-08 中国矿业大学 Extra deep shaft promotes rope tension automatic adjusument head sheave group and its adjusting method
CN110145501A (en) * 2019-04-10 2019-08-20 中国矿业大学 A kind of Double rope winding extra deep shaft lifting system hoisting container posture control method

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GB2001031A (en) * 1977-07-12 1979-01-24 Mannesmann Ag Four rope hoist system
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CN103935848A (en) * 2014-04-21 2014-07-23 中国矿业大学 Ultra-deep mine hoist multi-rope cooperative control system and method
CN106315349A (en) * 2016-09-27 2017-01-11 中国矿业大学 Automatic tension balancing device and method of multi-rope winding hoisting steel wire ropes for deep vertical shaft

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US1442060A (en) * 1920-12-30 1923-01-16 Oliver M Clifford Suspension device for equalizing the strain on elevator cables
GB2001031A (en) * 1977-07-12 1979-01-24 Mannesmann Ag Four rope hoist system
CN2841589Y (en) * 2005-09-27 2006-11-29 中国矿业大学 Numerical control winch and oil cylinder type hydraulic tensioning device
CN102020162A (en) * 2010-12-03 2011-04-20 中国矿业大学 Wire rope guide rail tensioning device for mining elevator
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CN108128683A (en) * 2017-12-20 2018-06-08 中国矿业大学 Extra deep shaft promotes rope tension automatic adjusument head sheave group and its adjusting method
CN110145501A (en) * 2019-04-10 2019-08-20 中国矿业大学 A kind of Double rope winding extra deep shaft lifting system hoisting container posture control method
CN110145501B (en) * 2019-04-10 2020-05-12 中国矿业大学 Method for controlling position and posture of lifting container of double-rope winding type ultra-deep vertical shaft lifting system

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