CN106958216B - A kind of high-efficiency ground vacuum sweeper - Google Patents

A kind of high-efficiency ground vacuum sweeper Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106958216B
CN106958216B CN201710290932.8A CN201710290932A CN106958216B CN 106958216 B CN106958216 B CN 106958216B CN 201710290932 A CN201710290932 A CN 201710290932A CN 106958216 B CN106958216 B CN 106958216B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
car body
storage room
rubbish storage
vacuum sweeper
absorption fan
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Application number
CN201710290932.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106958216A (en
Inventor
张平俊
张川
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Sichuan Xinke Environmental Protection Equipment Manufacturing Co Ltd
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Sichuan Xinke Environmental Protection Equipment Manufacturing Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710290932.8A priority Critical patent/CN106958216B/en
Publication of CN106958216A publication Critical patent/CN106958216A/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H1/00Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface
    • E01H1/08Pneumatically dislodging or taking-up undesirable matter or small objects; Drying by heat only or by streams of gas; Cleaning by projecting abrasive particles
    • E01H1/0827Dislodging by suction; Mechanical dislodging-cleaning apparatus with independent or dependent exhaust, e.g. dislodging-sweeping machines with independent suction nozzles ; Mechanical loosening devices working under vacuum
    • E01H1/0836Apparatus dislodging all of the dirt by suction ; Suction nozzles
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H1/00Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface
    • E01H1/08Pneumatically dislodging or taking-up undesirable matter or small objects; Drying by heat only or by streams of gas; Cleaning by projecting abrasive particles
    • E01H1/0827Dislodging by suction; Mechanical dislodging-cleaning apparatus with independent or dependent exhaust, e.g. dislodging-sweeping machines with independent suction nozzles ; Mechanical loosening devices working under vacuum
    • E01H1/0836Apparatus dislodging all of the dirt by suction ; Suction nozzles
    • E01H1/0845Apparatus dislodging all of the dirt by suction ; Suction nozzles with mechanical loosening or feeding instruments for the dirt to be sucked- up, e.g. brushes, scrapers

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of high-efficiency ground vacuum sweepers, it includes car body and dust absorption fan, the vehicle body is equipped with rubbish storage room, dust absorbing air passage is installed on the left plate of rubbish storage room, one end of dust absorbing air passage is passed into rubbish storage room, the other end of dust absorbing air passage is connected with suction inlet, suction inlet is located at the surface of level ground, the shape of suction inlet is the trapezoid cylinder of large span bore, pressure exerting arrangement is installed in the upper surface of the car body, pressure exerting arrangement includes fixed seat, rotating wheel, driving motor, rope sling A, rope sling B, pressing plate and steel wire rope, the dust absorption fan is mounted on the right side of rubbish storage room, the air outlet of dust absorption fan is passed into rubbish storage room.The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:It is simple in structure, manufacturing cost is low, easy to use, work efficiency is high, useful load is big.

Description

A kind of high-efficiency ground vacuum sweeper
Technical field
The present invention relates to the technical field of vacuum sweeper structure design, especially a kind of high-efficiency ground vacuum sweeper.
Background technology
Vacuum sweeper is that widely used town road cleans vehicle in modern city, and existing vacuum sweeper is generally at vehicle bottom Portion is equipped with round brush, disc brush and sucker.When cleaning, round brush sweeps road surface for brushing, and disc brush is used to the rubbish on ground gathering one It rises, sucker sucks rubbish in garbage collection box.Meanwhile airborne dust is generated when cleaning in order to prevent, nozzle is set on vacuum sweeper, Continual water spray reduces dust activity, reduces airborne dust nozzle on ground and brush at work.
Above-mentioned vacuum sweeper has the following problems in use, one, when reducing airborne dust using water spray, water is formed with soil Muddy water be attached on brush and seriously affect cleaning effect, while increasing the cleaning maintenance cost to components such as brushes; Two, vacuum sweeper working efficiency or relatively low, since the air pressure between suction inlet and dust absorption fan is limited, leads to pick-up performance not It is enough;Three, after cleaning a period of time, it is be easy to cause congestion in vacuum sweeper, leading to pick-up performance, dust absorption fan is blocked worse and worse Plug is often easy to cause the case where fever, short circuit etc. damage dust absorption fan;Four, the rubbish adsorbed in vacuum sweeper is not often filled Just can not load garbage again, cause the useful load of vacuum sweeper low, dust collection efficiency reduces.
Currently, the patented technology about vacuum sweeper has occurred very much, but each solve the problems, such as and effect not Too consistent, certain their own structure is also different, but their basic object is all consistent, that is, is provided to more Effectively, easily carry out dust suction, existing vacuum sweeper technology is still incomplete, there is also many need to be continued it is improved Side.
Invention content
It is an object of the invention to overcome the prior art, provide that a kind of overall structure is simple, manufacturing cost is low, makes With the high-efficiency ground vacuum sweeper convenient, work efficiency is high, useful load is big.
The purpose of the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:A kind of high-efficiency ground vacuum sweeper, it includes car body and suction Dirt wind turbine, the vehicle body are equipped with rubbish storage room, dust absorbing air passage, dust suction wind are equipped on the left plate of rubbish storage room The one end in road is passed into rubbish storage room, and the other end of dust absorbing air passage is connected with suction inlet, and suction inlet is located at level ground Surface, the shape of suction inlet are the trapezoid cylinder of large span bore, and pressure exerting arrangement is equipped in the upper surface of the car body, Pressure exerting arrangement includes that fixed seat, rotating wheel, driving motor, rope sling A, rope sling B, pressing plate and steel wire rope, fixed seat are fixedly mounted on In the upper surface of car body, rotating wheel is mounted in fixed seat, and driving motor is also mounted in the upper surface of car body, driving motor Output shaft is connect with rotating wheel, rope sling A and rope sling B be separately mounted to the right and left of fixed seat and with rubbish storage room phase Logical, steel wire rope bypasses rotating wheel, the both ends of steel wire rope respectively by rope sling A and rope sling B and with the left part of the upper surface of pressing plate and Right part connects, and the dust absorption fan is mounted on the right side of rubbish storage room, and the air outlet of dust absorption fan is passed into rubbish In locker room.
Further, the vacuum sweeper further includes haulage gear, and haulage gear includes power transmission supporting rod, support plate and pushes away Hand, one end of power transmission supporting rod is vertical with the right plate of car body to be fixedly connected, and the other end of power transmission supporting rod is vertical with support plate It is fixedly connected, is dust absorption fan between the right plate and support plate of car body, pushing hands is installed on the upper surface of support plate, prop up The middle position of the right side of fagging is also equipped with traction mouth.
Further, front wheels and rear wheels are installed on the bottom surface of the car body, cleaning is installed between front wheels and rear wheels Roller.
Further, be set on the air outlet allow gas by filter membrane.
Further, cleaning door is offered in the rear surface of the car body, is equipped on cleaning door an equal amount of clear Ash door, shoot door are equipped with knob, and shoot door is fixed by pre-tightening apparatus and covers conjunction cleaning door.
Further, be also equipped with master control device on the cantilever plate of the car body, driving motor, dust absorption fan operating mode It is controlled by master control device.
The present invention has the following advantages:
1, a kind of high-efficiency ground vacuum sweeper of the present invention improves overall structure, and apparatus assembly is few, overall structure is simple, It is easy to use, you can hand push work, can also by other vehicle arrangements draw work, unload rubbish when it is also very convenient, meanwhile, Overall structure is simple, and manufacturing cost is low, and the price of separate unit vacuum sweeper reduces 30% or more than common same specification vacuum sweeper.
2, a kind of high-efficiency ground vacuum sweeper of the present invention also has the characteristics that work efficiency is high, useful load is big, this suction The suction inlet of dirt vehicle uses trapezoidal large span bore, and bore is wider, and several times, while dust suction are improved than common suction inlet efficiency Car is squeezed at any time using pressing plate, and the dense degree of rubbish is high, and useful load is big inside vacuum sweeper, meanwhile, in vacuum sweeper not The effective rate of utilization of congestion, dust absorption fan is high, this also improves the working efficiency of vacuum sweeper to a certain extent.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is facing for the present invention(Cut-away section)Structural schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is the backsight structural representation of car body of the present invention;
In figure:1- car bodies, 2- dust absorption fans, 3- rubbish storages room, 4- suction inlets, 5- trailing wheels, 6- front-wheels, 7- cleaning rollers, 8- dust absorbing air passages, 9- fixed seats, 10- rotating wheels, 11- driving motors, 12- rope slings A, 13- rope sling B, 14- pressing plate, 15- steel wires Rope, 16- air outlets, 17- filter membranes, 18- power transmission supporting rods, 19- support plates, 20- pushing hands, 21- traction mouths, 22- master control devices, 23- shoot doors, 24- knobs, 25- pre-tightening apparatus.
Specific implementation mode
The present invention will be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited to following institute It states.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, a kind of high-efficiency ground vacuum sweeper, it includes car body 1 and dust absorption fan 2, the car body 1 It is internally provided with rubbish storage room 3, dust absorbing air passage 8 is installed on the left plate of rubbish storage room 3, one end of dust absorbing air passage 8 is passed through Into rubbish storage room 3, the other end of dust absorbing air passage 8 is connected with suction inlet 4, and suction inlet 4 is located at the surface of level ground, inhales The shape of dirt mouth 4 is the trapezoid cylinder of large span bore, and pressure exerting arrangement, pressing machine are equipped in the upper surface of the car body 1 Structure includes fixed seat 9, rotating wheel 10, driving motor 11, rope sling A12, rope sling B13, pressing plate 14 and steel wire rope 15, and fixed seat 9 is solid Dingan County is in the upper surface of car body 1, and rotating wheel 10 is mounted in fixed seat 9, and driving motor 11 is also mounted at the upper table of car body 1 In face, the output shaft of driving motor 11 is connect with rotating wheel 10, and rope sling A12 and rope sling B13 are separately mounted to the left and right of fixed seat 9 Both sides are simultaneously communicated with rubbish storage room 3, and steel wire rope 15 bypasses rotating wheel 10, and the both ends of steel wire rope 15 pass through rope sling A12 respectively It is connect with rope sling B13 and with the left part of the upper surface of pressing plate 14 and right part, the dust absorption fan 2 is mounted on rubbish storage room 3 Right side on, the air outlet 16 of dust absorption fan 2 is passed into rubbish storage room 3.
Further, as the preferred embodiment of the present invention, the vacuum sweeper further includes haulage gear, dragger Structure includes power transmission supporting rod 18, support plate 19 and pushing hands 20, and one end of power transmission supporting rod 18 is vertical with the right plate of car body 1 to be fixed Connection, the other end of power transmission supporting rod 18 is vertical with support plate 19 to be fixedly connected, and is between the right plate and support plate 19 of car body 1 Dust absorption fan 2 is installed with pushing hands 20 on the upper surface of support plate 19, and the middle position of the right side of support plate 19 is also pacified Equipped with traction mouth 21;Front-wheel 6 and trailing wheel 5 are installed on the bottom surface of the car body 1, cleaning is installed between front-wheel 6 and trailing wheel 5 Roller 7;Be set on the air outlet 16 allow gas by filter membrane 17;It is offered in the rear surface of the car body 1 clear Grey mouth is equipped with an equal amount of shoot door 23 on cleaning door, and shoot door 23 is equipped with knob 24, and shoot door 23, which passes through, pre-tightens dress It sets 25 fixations and covers conjunction cleaning door;Master control device 22, driving motor 11, dust suction are also equipped on the cantilever plate of the car body 1 The operating mode of wind turbine 2 is controlled by master control device 22.
The present invention installation process and use process is as follows:By a kind of each of high-efficiency ground vacuum sweeper of the present invention Component device is installed according to Fig. 1 and assembly relation shown in Fig. 2 and position relationship, this vacuum sweeper is after installation is complete Begin to use.Suction inlet 4 is mainly used for the absorption to ground refuse, by the rubbish such as scrap, fallen leaves, scraps of paper sucking rubbish storage room In 3, cleaning roller 7 is for the cleaning to ground, and for pressing plate 14 for the pressing to rubbish in rubbish storage room 3, dust absorption fan 2 is rubbish The absorption of rubbish provides motive power, and the setting of filter membrane 17 prevents rubbish to block air outlet 16, and the setting of haulage gear facilitates this The use of vacuum sweeper can artificially push to draw using using or by other vehicles.
The above is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it should be understood that the present invention is not limited to described herein Form is not to be taken as excluding other embodiments, and can be used for other combinations, modifications, and environments, and can be at this In the text contemplated scope, modifications can be made through the above teachings or related fields of technology or knowledge.And those skilled in the art institute into Capable modifications and changes do not depart from the spirit and scope of the present invention, then all should be in the protection domain of appended claims of the present invention It is interior.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of high-efficiency ground vacuum sweeper, it is characterised in that:It includes car body(1)And dust absorption fan(2), the car body(1) It is internally provided with rubbish storage room(3), rubbish storage room(3)Left plate on dust absorbing air passage is installed(8), dust absorbing air passage(8)'s One end is passed into rubbish storage room(3)It is interior, dust absorbing air passage(8)The other end be connected with suction inlet(4), suction inlet(4)Positioned at water The surface of plane earth, suction inlet(4)Shape be large span bore trapezoid cylinder, the car body(1)Upper surface in Pressure exerting arrangement is installed, pressure exerting arrangement includes fixed seat(9), rotating wheel(10), driving motor(11), rope sling A(12), rope sling B (13), pressing plate(14)And steel wire rope(15), fixed seat(9)It is fixedly mounted on car body(1)Upper surface in, rotating wheel(10)Installation In fixed seat(9)On, driving motor(11)It is also mounted at car body(1)Upper surface in, driving motor(11)Output shaft and rotation Runner(10)Connection, rope sling A(12)With rope sling B(13)It is separately mounted to fixed seat(9)The right and left and and rubbish storage Room(3)It communicates, steel wire rope(15)Around rotating wheel(10), steel wire rope(15)Both ends pass through rope sling A respectively(12)With rope sling B (13)And and pressing plate(14)The left part of upper surface connected with right part, the dust absorption fan(2)Mounted on rubbish storage room(3) Right side on, dust absorption fan(2)Air outlet(16)It is passed into rubbish storage room(3)It is interior.
2. a kind of high-efficiency ground vacuum sweeper according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The vacuum sweeper further includes traction Mechanism, haulage gear include power transmission supporting rod(18), support plate(19)And pushing hands(20), power transmission supporting rod(18)One end and vehicle Body(1)Right plate be vertically fixedly connected, power transmission supporting rod(18)The other end and support plate(19)It is vertically fixedly connected, car body (1)Right plate and support plate(19)Between be dust absorption fan(2), support plate(19)Upper surface on be installed with pushing hands (20), support plate(19)The middle position of right side be also equipped with traction mouth(21).
3. a kind of high-efficiency ground vacuum sweeper according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The car body(1)Bottom surface on Front-wheel is installed(6)And trailing wheel(5), front-wheel(6)And trailing wheel(5)Between cleaning roller is installed(7).
4. a kind of high-efficiency ground vacuum sweeper according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The air outlet(16)Upper suit Have allow gas by filter membrane(17).
5. a kind of high-efficiency ground vacuum sweeper according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The car body(1)Rear surface On offer cleaning door, an equal amount of shoot door is installed on cleaning door(23), shoot door(23)It is equipped with knob(24), clearly Ash door(23)Pass through pre-tightening apparatus(25)It fixes and covers conjunction cleaning door.
6. a kind of high-efficiency ground vacuum sweeper according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The car body(1)Cantilever plate On be also equipped with master control device(22), driving motor(11), dust absorption fan(2)Operating mode by master control device(22)Control.
CN201710290932.8A 2017-04-28 2017-04-28 A kind of high-efficiency ground vacuum sweeper Active CN106958216B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710290932.8A CN106958216B (en) 2017-04-28 2017-04-28 A kind of high-efficiency ground vacuum sweeper

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN106958216B true CN106958216B (en) 2018-10-30

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CN108498014B (en) * 2018-04-03 2021-11-19 南京瑞贻电子科技有限公司 Floor sweeping robot
CN112049058A (en) * 2020-08-31 2020-12-08 无锡职业技术学院 Fallen leaf recycling sanitation vehicle

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DE102005036807A1 (en) * 2005-08-02 2007-02-15 Müller, Bernd, Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Road sweeper for cleaning e.g. road, has filter units cleaned with compressed air from compressed air tank in temporary or differential pressure controlled manner by clean gas-side quick-action valve attached in clean-gas chamber
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