CN106820201A - A kind of self-cleaning potato cleaning device - Google Patents

A kind of self-cleaning potato cleaning device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106820201A
CN106820201A CN201710205374.0A CN201710205374A CN106820201A CN 106820201 A CN106820201 A CN 106820201A CN 201710205374 A CN201710205374 A CN 201710205374A CN 106820201 A CN106820201 A CN 106820201A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cleaning
potato
cleaning case
self
fixed
Prior art date
Application number
CN201710205374.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
不公告发明人
Original Assignee
合肥智慧龙图腾知识产权股份有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 合肥智慧龙图腾知识产权股份有限公司 filed Critical 合肥智慧龙图腾知识产权股份有限公司
Priority to CN201710205374.0A priority Critical patent/CN106820201A/en
Publication of CN106820201A publication Critical patent/CN106820201A/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N12/00Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts
    • A23N12/02Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts for washing or blanching
    • A23N12/023Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts for washing or blanching for washing potatoes, apples or similarly shaped vegetables or fruit

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of self-cleaning potato cleaning device, including cleaning case, base, feed hopper and brush roll;It is connected through the hinge between fixed supporting leg and cleaning case, the piston rod upper end of hydraulic cylinder is provided with runner;The inside of the cleaning case is provided with several brush rolls, and several salient points are fixed with the lower surface of cleaning case;Jet pipe is installed between two adjacent brush rolls;Screw thread is provided with the outside of liquid outlet, discharging plug is provided with by screw thread;The discharging plug is made up of shell, sprue and connecting rod.Inside sets brush roll and jet pipe and potato surface is scrubbed, is rinsed, improve the cleaning effect of surface soil, when soil be rapidly separated potato, the muddy water discharge that the cleaning case for swinging up and down will timely can be produced, discharging plug ensures that muddy water outflow is usual, is also avoided that potato falls, rinse water internally just flows out by left and right flowing, it is taken more soil out of, reduce the waste of water resource, reduce production cost.

Description

A kind of self-cleaning potato cleaning device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of agricultural machinery, specifically a kind of self-cleaning potato cleaning device.
Background technology
Potato yield is of a relatively high, containing abundant nutrition and relatively strong to the adaptability of environment, at present Throughout world various regions.Because the plantation of potato, cultivation are carried out in soil, so after the crop harvesting, its table Face can be with debris such as a large amount of soil, and the potato of that sticky soil growth is then easier to be stained with band soil, so for horse The processing of bell sweet potato starch, will carry out fully and completely cleaning and processing to potato top layer, can so ensure follow-up adding Work operation is smoothed out and ensures the quality of starch product.And China goes that Fender is miscellaneous following several sides for potato at present Formula:Water pipe is rinsed, artificial flushing and drum-type are cleaned, and because the mode workload that this several potato desilts is big, efficiency is low, clearly Clean effect difference etc., so the economic benefit of processing factory can not be met.Current various processing methods can not meet large-scale life The need for producing starch factory, and removal of impurities difficulty can be improved to farina following process.In cleaning process, its difficulty is not only Only it is that soil disengaging potato is so simple, the sewage after cleaning is quickly departed from potato, also ensures rinse water Can fully rinse, the utilization rate of water resource be improved, accordingly, it would be desirable to be improved to existing potato cleaning device.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of discharge muddy water in time, muddy water discharge is usual, reduce water resource waste from Cleaning potato cleaning device, to solve the problems, such as to be proposed in above-mentioned background technology.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides following technical scheme:
A kind of self-cleaning potato cleaning device, including cleaning case, base, feed hopper and brush roll;The cleaning case is set On base, fixed supporting leg is provided with the downside of the right-hand member of cleaning case, fixed supporting leg is fixed on base, fixed supporting leg with cleaning It is connected through the hinge between case, vertical hydraulic cylinder, the piston rod upper end peace of hydraulic cylinder is provided with the downside of the left end of cleaning case It is bolted on base equipped with runner, and hydraulic cylinder;Feed hopper is connected on the cleaning case left end top, feed hopper Upper end side is rotatably connected on upper flitch, the upper surface of upper flitch or so two ends the biography for being installed with rotation by hinge Driving wheel, connects drive device on drive, conveyer belt is wound with drive;The inside of the cleaning case is provided with several brushes Roller, is respectively connected with motor on brush roll, it is equal that the distance between brush roll is adjacent, if being fixed with the lower surface of cleaning case Dry salient point;Jet pipe is installed between two adjacent brush rolls, jet pipe is inserted into inside, connects on jet pipe from the bottom of cleaning case Logical water inlet pipe, water inlet pipe is connected on high-pressure hydraulic pump;Liquid outlet is offered on the bottom of the cleaning case or so two ends, goes out liquid The outside of mouth is provided with screw thread, and discharging plug is provided with by screw thread;The discharging plug is made up of shell, sprue and connecting rod, The inwall of shell is provided with internal thread, and sprue is located at the inside of shell, and the upper end of sprue is fixed on shell by connecting rod;Institute State and tank is provided with the corresponding base in outside of liquid outlet, tank both sides are fixed with the first water fender and second flap, and First water fender is located at outside, and filter is movably set with the upper end of tank.
Further:The inner side of the feed hopper just to cleaning case in be provided with stock guide, stock guide is fixed on cleaning On the wall of case side, end is downward-sloping.
Further:The length of the upper flitch is 1.2~1.5m.
Further:The distance between the brush roll and lower end and cleaning case are 150~250mm.
Further:The upper surface of the salient point is spherical structure.
Further:The material of the salient point is rubber.
Further:The sprue is cylindrical structure.
Further:The 1/2~2/3 of a diameter of housing diameter of the sprue.
Further:The upper end of first water fender is higher than liquid outlet.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:The present invention is by the upper flitch that can rotate and thereon Conveyer belt, facilitate potato feeding, mitigate the amount of labour of people;Inside sets brush roll and jet pipe and potato surface is brushed Wash, rinse, improve surface soil cleaning effect, when soil be rapidly separated potato, the cleaning case for swinging up and down can be timely The muddy water discharge that will be produced, discharging plug ensures that muddy water outflow is usual, is also avoided that potato falls, and rinse water is internally passed through Cross left and right flowing just to flow out, it is taken more soil out of, reduce the waste of water resource, reduce production cost, the sludge of generation Can be filtered, be easy to the treatment of muddy water, it is to avoid influence surrounding environment.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of self-cleaning potato cleaning device.
Fig. 2 is a kind of positive structure diagram of discharging plug in self-cleaning potato cleaning device.
Fig. 3 is a kind of side structure schematic view of discharging plug in self-cleaning potato cleaning device.
In figure:1- cleaning cases, 2- bases, 3- feed hoppers, 4- brush rolls, 5- water inlet pipes, 6- jet pipes, 7- salient points, 8- fixes branch Leg, 9- hinges, 10- hydraulic cylinders, 11- runners, 12- discharging plugs, 121- shells, 122- sprues, 123- connecting rods, 13- first Water fender, 14- second flaps, 15- filters, 16- tanks, 17- high-pressure hydraulic pumps, the upper flitch of 18-, 19- conveyer belts, 20- is closed Page, 21- drives, 22- stock guides, 23- liquid outlets, 24- discharging openings.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation is described, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the invention, rather than whole embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is every other that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of creative work is not made Embodiment, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
Figure is referred to, in the embodiment of the present invention, a kind of self-cleaning potato cleaning device, including cleaning case 1, base 2, enter Hopper 3 and brush roll 4;The cleaning case 1 is arranged on base 2, and fixed supporting leg 8 is provided with the downside of the right-hand member of cleaning case 1, fixed Supporting leg 8 is fixed on base 2, is connected by hinge 9 between fixed supporting leg 8 and cleaning case 1, enables 9 turns of 1 around hinge of cleaning case It is dynamic, vertical hydraulic cylinder 10 is provided with the downside of the left end of cleaning case 1, the piston rod upper end of hydraulic cylinder 10 is provided with runner 11, And hydraulic cylinder 10 is bolted on base 2, oil cylinder, oil pump and controller are configured with hydraulic cylinder 10, realize hydraulic cylinder 10 action, hydraulic cylinder 10 is by the left end jack-up of cleaning case 1 or puts down, and cleaning case 1 is inclined;The left end of the cleaning case 1 Connect feed hopper 3 on top, the inner side of feed hopper 3 just to cleaning case 1 in be provided with stock guide 22, stock guide 22 is fixed on clearly On the side wall of tank-washer 1, end is downward-sloping, the potato for falling slowly is fallen in cleaning case 1;The feed hopper 3 it is upper End side is rotatably connected to flitch 18 by hinge 20, and the length of upper flitch 18 is 1.2~1.5m, the upper surface of upper flitch 18 The drive 21 of rotation is installed with the two ends of left and right, drive device is connected on drive 21, be wound with drive 21 Conveyer belt 19, conveyer belt 19 is driven by drive 21, and being placed on potato carries out feeding on conveyer belt 19, is mitigated on people The labour intensity of material.
The inside of the cleaning case 1 is provided with several brush rolls 4, and motor is respectively connected with brush roll 4, makes 3 turns of brush roll Dynamic, it is equal that the distance between brush roll 4 is adjacent, and the distance between brush roll 4 and lower end and cleaning case 1 are 150~250mm, by brush Roller 3 is rotated to be scrubbed to the potato of the bottom of cleaning case 1, and several salient points 7, salient point 7 are fixed with the lower surface of cleaning case 1 Upper surface be spherical structure, the material of salient point 7 is rubber, improves the protection to potato, it is to avoid potato is damaged; Jet pipe 6 is installed between two adjacent brush rolls 4, jet pipe 6 is inserted into inside from the bottom of cleaning case 1, and jet pipe 6 sprays downwards Go out high-velocity flow, water inlet pipe 5 is connected on jet pipe 6, water inlet pipe 5 is connected on high-pressure hydraulic pump 17, and height is provided by high-pressure hydraulic pump 17 The current of speed flowing, rinse to potato;Liquid outlet 23, liquid outlet are offered on the bottom of the cleaning case 1 or so two ends 23 outside is provided with screw thread, and discharging plug 12 is provided with by screw thread, and discharging plug 12 is convenient to be dismantled, and is convenient to clean;It is described go out Material plug 12 is made up of shell 121, sprue 122 and connecting rod 123, and the inwall of shell 121 is provided with internal thread, realizes and goes out liquid The installation connection of mouth 23, sprue 122 is located at the inside of shell 121, and the upper end of sprue 122 is fixed on shell by connecting rod 123 On 121, the sprue 122 be cylindrical structure, the 1/2~2/3 of the diameter of a diameter of shell 121 of sprue 122, make discharging plug 12 muddy water can only passed through between gap outflow, it is to avoid avoid potato from following water and depart from cleaning case 1, discharge plug 12 Ensure muddy water by property, make muddy water flow out it is more unobstructed, better than screen pack;The corresponding base 2 in outside of the liquid outlet 23 On be provided with tank 16, the both sides of tank 16 are fixed with the first water fender 13 and second flap 14, and the first water fender 13 is located at Outside, it is higher than highly liquid outlet 23, and the liquid for flowing out liquid outlet 21 can enter in screw clamp 16, in the upper of tank 16 End is movably set with filter 15, by contaminant filters such as the sludge in muddy water.
It is during feeding, upper flitch 18 is downward-sloping, make it highly relatively low, can be square by the conveyer belt 19 on upper flitch 18 Just potato feeding, reduces labour intensity during people's feeding, reduces the heavy burdens, after potato is located in cleaning case 1;Startup sets Stand-by power source, brush roll 4 is rotated under the drive of motor, and brush roll 4 is scrubbed to the potato in cleaning case 1, while jet pipe 6 Interior ejection water, rinses potato, the soil on its surface is departed from potato, because current are fast, it is possible to increase developing result, hydraulic pressure Cylinder 10 is pushed up, and makes the left end of cleaning case 1 higher than right-hand member, and the potato in cleaning case 1 scrolls right under gravity, with The contact impact of salient point 7, the soil under its surface is difficult to brush shakes off, while cleaning muddy water the going out from right-hand member that internal washing is produced Liquid mouthful 23 is flowed out, and by discharging, plug 12 is discharged, and is fallen in the tank 16 on right side;Hydraulic cylinder 10 is moved down, and makes cleaning case 1 Left end is less than right-hand member, and the potato in cleaning case 1 rolls to the left under gravity, while clean the muddy water for producing flowing to the left It is dynamic, flowed out from the liquid outlet 23 of left end, finally discharge, by moving up and down for hydraulic cylinder 10, make the potato in cleaning case 1 left Right rolling, can also be such that the muddy water of inside is discharged by two ends, in time discharge muddy water, and inside also ensure that a part of water in stream It is dynamic, the waste of water resource is reduced, the potato after cleaning is taken out from discharging opening 24.The present invention by the upper flitch that can rotate with And conveyer belt thereon, facilitate potato feeding, mitigate the amount of labour of people;Inside sets brush roll and jet pipe to potato table Face scrub, rinse, improve surface soil cleaning effect, when soil be rapidly separated potato, the cleaning case for swinging up and down can The muddy water discharge that will timely produce, discharging plug ensures that muddy water outflow is usual, is also avoided that potato falls, including rinse water Portion just flows out by left and right flowing, it is taken more soil out of, reduces the waste of water resource, reduces production cost, generation Sludge can be filtered, and be easy to the treatment of muddy water, it is to avoid influence surrounding environment.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the invention is not restricted to the details of above-mentioned one exemplary embodiment, Er Qie In the case of without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the invention, the present invention can be in other specific forms realized.Therefore, no matter From the point of view of which point, embodiment all should be regarded as exemplary, and be nonrestrictive, the scope of the present invention is by appended power Profit requires to be limited rather than described above, it is intended that all in the implication and scope of the equivalency of claim by falling Change is included in the present invention.Any reference in claim should not be considered as the claim involved by limitation.
Moreover, it will be appreciated that although the present specification is described in terms of embodiments, not each implementation method is only wrapped Containing an independent technical scheme, this narrating mode of specification is only that for clarity, those skilled in the art should Specification an as entirety, the technical scheme in each embodiment can also be formed into those skilled in the art through appropriately combined May be appreciated other embodiment.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of self-cleaning potato cleaning device, including cleaning case (1), base (2), feed hopper (3) and brush roll (4);It is special Levy and be:The cleaning case (1) is arranged on base (2), and the right-hand member downside of cleaning case (1) is provided with fixed supporting leg (8), Gu Determine supporting leg (8) to be fixed on base (2), be connected by hinge (9) between fixed supporting leg (8) and cleaning case (1), in cleaning case (1) left end downside is provided with vertical hydraulic cylinder (10), and the piston rod upper end of hydraulic cylinder (10) is provided with runner (11), and liquid Cylinder pressure (10) is bolted on base (2);Feed hopper (3), feed hopper are connected on cleaning case (1) the left end top (3) upper end side is rotatably connected on flitch (18), the upper surface of upper flitch (18) or so two ends by hinge (20) The drive (21) of rotation is installed with, drive connects drive device on (21), and conveyer belt is wound with drive (21) (19);The inside of the cleaning case (1) is provided with several brush rolls (4), and motor, brush roll (4) are respectively connected with brush roll (4) It is the distance between adjacent equal, several salient points (7) are fixed with the lower surface of cleaning case (1);In two adjacent brushes Jet pipe (6) is installed, jet pipe (6) is inserted into inside from the bottom of cleaning case (1), and jet pipe connects water inlet pipe on (6) between roller (4) (5), water inlet pipe (5) connection is on high-pressure hydraulic pump (17);Liquid outlet is offered on the bottom of the cleaning case (1) or so two ends (23) screw thread, is provided with the outside of liquid outlet (23), discharging plug (12) is provided with by screw thread;Discharging plug (12) is by outer Shell (121), sprue (122) and connecting rod (123) are constituted, and the inwall of shell (121) is provided with internal thread, and sprue (122) is located at The inside of shell (121), the upper end of sprue (122) is fixed on shell (121) by connecting rod (123);The liquid outlet (23) tank (16) is provided with the corresponding base in outside (2), tank (16) both sides are fixed with the first water fender (13) and Two water fenders (14), and the first water fender (13) is movably set with filter (15) positioned at outside in the upper end of tank (16).
2. a kind of self-cleaning potato cleaning device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The feed hopper (3) Inner side just to cleaning case (1) in be provided with stock guide (22), stock guide (22) is fixed on the wall of cleaning case (1) side, end to Lower inclination.
3. a kind of self-cleaning potato cleaning device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The upper flitch (18) Length is 1.2~1.5m.
4. a kind of self-cleaning potato cleaning device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The brush roll (4) is with The distance between end and cleaning case (1) are 150~250mm.
5. a kind of self-cleaning potato cleaning device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The salient point (7) it is upper Surface is spherical structure.
6. a kind of self-cleaning potato cleaning device according to claim 1 or 5, it is characterised in that:The salient point (7) Material is rubber.
7. a kind of self-cleaning potato cleaning device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The sprue (122) is Cylindrical structure.
8. a kind of self-cleaning potato cleaning device according to claim 1 or 7, it is characterised in that:The sprue (122) A diameter of shell (121) diameter 1/2~2/3.
9. a kind of self-cleaning potato cleaning device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:First water fender (13) upper end is higher than liquid outlet (23).
CN201710205374.0A 2017-03-31 2017-03-31 A kind of self-cleaning potato cleaning device CN106820201A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710205374.0A CN106820201A (en) 2017-03-31 2017-03-31 A kind of self-cleaning potato cleaning device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710205374.0A CN106820201A (en) 2017-03-31 2017-03-31 A kind of self-cleaning potato cleaning device

Publications (1)

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CN106820201A true CN106820201A (en) 2017-06-13

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CN201710205374.0A CN106820201A (en) 2017-03-31 2017-03-31 A kind of self-cleaning potato cleaning device

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108057505A (en) * 2017-12-14 2018-05-22 王兰玺 A kind of medicinal material milling apparatus of drum-type charging
CN108077965A (en) * 2018-02-28 2018-05-29 李政豫 A kind of potato washing device
CN108514136A (en) * 2018-06-30 2018-09-11 安徽泾县百川网络科技有限公司 A kind of potato cleaning removes mud device
CN108837437A (en) * 2018-06-02 2018-11-20 罗发业 Cleaning device is used in a kind of production of basketball
CN108936742A (en) * 2018-09-05 2018-12-07 李保印 A kind of peanut brushing device reducing anti-shell-breaking rate

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108057505A (en) * 2017-12-14 2018-05-22 王兰玺 A kind of medicinal material milling apparatus of drum-type charging
CN108077965A (en) * 2018-02-28 2018-05-29 李政豫 A kind of potato washing device
CN108837437A (en) * 2018-06-02 2018-11-20 罗发业 Cleaning device is used in a kind of production of basketball
CN108514136A (en) * 2018-06-30 2018-09-11 安徽泾县百川网络科技有限公司 A kind of potato cleaning removes mud device
CN108936742A (en) * 2018-09-05 2018-12-07 李保印 A kind of peanut brushing device reducing anti-shell-breaking rate

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