CN106717413A - A kind of sponge urban afforestation irrigation system and its construction method - Google Patents

A kind of sponge urban afforestation irrigation system and its construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106717413A
CN106717413A CN201611099637.6A CN201611099637A CN106717413A CN 106717413 A CN106717413 A CN 106717413A CN 201611099637 A CN201611099637 A CN 201611099637A CN 106717413 A CN106717413 A CN 106717413A
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CN
China
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tank
abaculus
water
afforestation
ecological
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CN201611099637.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106717413B (en
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吴明桦
沈玫吟
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浙江鑫直建筑有限公司
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilizing, sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of sponge urban afforestation irrigation system, including captation, pump installation of pouring water, aerator and afforestation equipment, captation includes collecting-tank, water collector and purification integrated machine, pump installation of pouring water includes intake pump, intake pump is connected with water pump outlet pipe, and water pump outlet pipe is connected with aerator, and aerator is connected with tank, tank is connected with tank outlet pipe, tank outlet pipe connection afforestation equipment.The construction method includes:(a) excavation pit;The foundation of (b) collecting-tank, aeration tank and tank;The ground pretreatment of (c) laying ecological afforestation abaculus;D () lays ecological afforestation abaculus;E () plants green plants.Treatment, and the rainwater purification that will be collected into are collected to the rainwater in city by captation, secondary use is put into, act on the irrigation of afforestation equipment, not only effectively prevent road surface from seeping phenomenon occur, and by the collection to rainwater, the waste of water resource can be reduced.

Description

A kind of sponge urban afforestation irrigation system and its construction method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of sponge urban afforestation irrigation system and its construction method.
Background technology
Sponge city, is new generation of city storm water man- agement concept, refers to that city is adapting to environmental change and reply rainwater band The aspects such as the natural calamity come have good " elasticity ", also referred to as " water elasticity city ", and international term is " low shadow Ring exploitation storm-water system to build ".Sponge city can when raining water suction, retaining, infiltration, water purification, it is necessary to when the water that will store " release Put " and be used, by source emission reduction, process control, Systematic control etc., make building and cell, road and square, park and Greenery patches, water system etc. possess to the receiving of rainwater, store stagnant and slow releasing function, effectively control rainfall runoff, and ponding, heavy rain be not or not light rain The not black smelly, heat island of waterlogging, water body has alleviation.
The method and thinking that conventional China administers urban waterlogging are relatively easy, for many sides of surface water that rainwater falls on ground Overweight pursuit large area hardening road surface, set up, expand under ooze facility and subsoil drain etc., but these are with simple Mode carries out space transfer to the rainwater in earth's surface, still falls within the forced-ventilated to rainwater.Sunk type greenery patches, infiltration in recent years The pool, wet pool etc. start to attract attention and build rapidly, because filler is relatively single, although accelerating earth's surface rain to a certain extent Oozed under water, but be difficult to effectively store, and rainwater do not purified, rainwater is just exhausted directly to river by treatment In, there is certain contamination to river so that the water degradation in river course is black smelly, and bio-diversity is destroyed, city maintenance The increase of cost, is not also used to rainwater, and the utilization ratio of rainwater is not high, causes to waste rainwater resource.Except this it Outward, also the water collected is not applied reasonably, such as the irrigation in greenery patches, without one irrigation of integration of formation System, waters only by man-made irrigation, and this mode is time-consuming and laborious, and, manpower is poured water with subjectivity, it is impossible to ensured Pour uniform.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of sponge urban afforestation irrigation system and its construction method, by captation Rainwater to city is collected treatment, reduces rainwash so that the rainwater that road surface is piled up effectively disperses, so as to reduce road The discharge pressure in face, and the rainwater purification that will be collected into, put into the secondary irrigation for using, acting on afforestation equipment, not only effectively Prevent road surface from seeping phenomenon occur, and by the collection to rainwater, the waste of water resource can be reduced, it is straight relative to by rainwater Run in the design being put into soil and river, the pollution that can prevent rainwater from being caused to soil and river substantially increases rainwater Resource utilization efficiency, turn waste into wealth, alleviate the deficient problem of city water resource, reduce soil erosion, it is ecological to building Agricultural, ecocity, environmental protection all have very great meaning.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, adopt the following technical scheme that:
A kind of sponge urban afforestation irrigation system, including captation, pump installation of pouring water, aerator and afforestation equipment, Captation includes collecting-tank, water collector and purification integrated machine, and collecting-tank is provided with catchment inlet pipe and outlet pipe of catchmenting, and catchment inlet pipe Be provided with water collector, outlet pipe of catchmenting is provided with purification integrated machine, outlet pipe of catchmenting connection is poured water pump installation, pump installation of pouring water include into Water pump, intake pump is connected with water pump outlet pipe, and water pump outlet pipe is connected with aerator, and aerator is connected with tank, tank Tank outlet pipe is connected with, tank outlet pipe is provided with water outlet tube valve, tank outlet pipe connection afforestation equipment, greening Device includes ecological afforestation abaculus and green plants, and rain collector is provided with the top of ecological afforestation abaculus, and ecological afforestation is embedding Implantation hole is formed between block, green plants is provided with implantation hole.First pass through rainwater and rainwash of the captation to city Interior water is collected, and when needing to carry out watering pours water to green plants, opens intake pump, and water enters aeration and fills by intake pump Put, before water supply aerating, allow water to first pass through isolated tube and screen pack, allow some of water impurity to enter immersible pump, it is no The aeration of immersible pump can then be influenceed.The purpose of aeration is exactly, in order to dissolve into more oxygen in water, to make the water of irrigation more Be conducive to the growth of vegetation.Tank is entered back into by the water being aerated, then ecological afforestation is entered by each branch pipe by tank Abaculus, effect is equably poured so as to reach by the drainage of ecological afforestation abaculus to green plants.Ecological afforestation The top of abaculus is provided with rain collector in itself, right into irrigation pipe by central siphon after water enters device for collecting rain water Green plants is poured, and another part water enters the first connecting tube and the second connecting tube, makes between each ecological afforestation abaculus Water be connected with each other, more preferably can equably irrigate green plants, be unlikely to water some places more or water less, it is to avoid green Color plant causes drowned phenomenon due to heavy irrigation, while can play the effect for preventing erosion and preserving the ecological environment again Really.The greening mode being combined using ecological afforestation abaculus and green plants, can not only beautify the environment, and the city for being formed The ecosystem has very strong jamproof ability.
Further, aerator includes aeration tank, and aeration tank both sides are provided with water pump outlet pipe, and water pump outlet pipe is connected with isolation Pipe, the isolated tube other end is connected with screen pack, shielded box is provided with the middle of aeration tank, and immersible pump, immersible pump are provided with shielded box It is connected with aeration outlet pipe.By isolated tube and screen pack, the water into aerator does not have other impurity, influences immersible pump Aeration work.
Further, tank includes straight tube, elbow and level sensor, and straight tube connecting bend, elbow connection tank goes out Water pipe.Level sensor can be unlikely to water outflow with the height of real-time monitoring water level.
Further, intake pump is connected with outlet pipe of catchmenting, and outlet pipe of catchmenting is provided with flowmeter.Flowmeter can constantly monitor into Enter the uninterrupted of the water of intake pump.
Further, the first connecting tube, the second connecting tube and irrigation pipe, the first connecting tube, are provided with ecological afforestation abaculus The junction of two connecting tubes and irrigation pipe is provided with connecting node, and the first connecting tube is located at right-hand member and the front end of ecological afforestation abaculus, Second connecting tube is located at left end and the rear end of ecological afforestation abaculus, and the first connecting tube and the second connecting tube match.
Further, the first connecting tube is provided with limited impression, and the second connecting tube is provided with spacing preiection, limited impression and limit Position projection matches.The water in one piece of block ecological afforestation abaculus is set to be connected together by such connected mode, can be uniform Ground is poured to green plants.
Further, rain collector includes device for collecting rain water and central siphon, and the downside of device for collecting rain water connects central siphon, Central siphon connects connecting node.
A kind of construction method of sponge urban afforestation irrigation system, including following construction procedure:
(a) excavation pit:Technical staff reconnoitres to the city of practice of construction first, the low ground conduct of selection physical features The construction area of collecting-tank and tank;Then the obstacle material of construction area earth's surface is removed, using artificial or excavators The mode cutting depth of digging is the foundation ditch of 6~10m, the barrier in foundation ditch is transported by crane or is drilled to carefully by rig Stone shape, when close to bottom of foundation ditch, is rebuild by the way of hand fit, and is carried out at compacting in the bottom of foundation ditch with rammer compacter Reason, keeps smooth, the stabilization inside foundation ditch;Unwrapping wire finally is measured to foundation ditch, the side slope to foundation ditch carries out consolidation process, so Afterwards inside foundation ditch periphery laying geomembrane, foundation ditch top periphery laying height for 4~6cm cage ring, and every Flowing water mouthful is set at interval of 10~15cm on circle.
The foundation of (b) collecting-tank, aeration tank and tank:According to design drawing and the foundation ditch size of actual measurement, it is determined that Good collecting-tank and tank set up position, and collecting-tank, aeration tank and tank are then respectively mounted in foundation ditch, and right When collecting-tank, aeration tank and tank are installed, it is ensured that the position of intake pump and corresponding pipeline is left in foundation ditch;Then in collection Two intake pumps of different sizes are installed between pond and aeration tank, and collecting-tank, aeration tank and tank water inlet and Water outlet installs corresponding inlet and outlet pipe lines;Original soil backfill is finally carried out, collecting-tank, aeration tank and tank are buried.
The ground pretreatment of (c) laying ecological afforestation abaculus:First the ground in laying ecological afforestation abaculus is processed, clearly Cut weeds, tree root, protrusion, with grains of sand filling cavity and tamp;Then loosening the soil for edge is cleared up, protrusion, then opposite side is removed Edge carries out compacting treatment;Then the specific size of the ground of ecological afforestation abaculus is laid with tape measure, further according to the chi of ground Geotextiles are cut by the size of the very little geotextiles for determining laying with billhook, and carry out the laying of geotextiles, geotechnological layer of cloth paving If carrying out checksum protection to it after finishing, it is ensured that the laying surface of geotextiles does not occur damage;Finally in geotextile laying After the completion of, one layer of antiseepage sand is re-layed in geotextiles.
D () lays ecological afforestation abaculus:Laid since a corner of the ground of laying ecological afforestation abaculus, first on ground Primary surface uniformly pours a layer concrete, then first piece of ecological afforestation abaculus is placed on concrete, and rammed with rubber hammer It is real, in making the 1/3 of ecological afforestation abaculus to build concrete, mutually anchored with concrete;By the way of from left to right, then start Second piece of ecological afforestation abaculus of laying, by first piece of limited impression and second piece of limit convex of ecological afforestation abaculus of ecological abaculus Play matching to link together, and adjust the locus of adjacent two pieces of ecological afforestation abaculus, complete the first row ecological afforestation embedding The laying work of block;After the laying of the first row ecological afforestation abaculus is finished, the laying of the second row ecological afforestation abaculus is then carried out, the The spacing preiection matching of the limited impression of a line ecology abaculus and second piece of ecological afforestation abaculus links together, successively along first Row parallel laid, until ground laying is finished;The flatness of the ecological afforestation abaculus for laying finally is checked, to incongruent area Domain is processed, until reaching design standard.
E () plants green plants:Soil is inserted in the implantation hole formed between ecological afforestation abaculus and ecological afforestation abaculus Earth, and vegetable seeds is sowed, periodically conserved.
Further, in step (b), after the installation of collecting-tank, aeration tank and tank, wrapped up in its periphery Thickness is the antiseepage film of 3~5cm.
Further, in step (b), in original soil backfill is carried out, 200mm thickness hand compactions are often filled out, it is ensured that reach and set The intensity of meter.
Due to using above-mentioned technical proposal, have the advantages that:
The present invention is a kind of sponge urban afforestation irrigation system, and place is collected to the rainwater in city by captation Reason, reduces rainwash so that the rainwater that road surface is piled up effectively disperses, so as to reduce the discharge pressure on road surface, and will collect The rainwater purification for arriving, puts into the secondary irrigation for using, acting on afforestation equipment, not only effectively prevents road surface from seeping phenomenon occur, And by the collection to rainwater, the waste of water resource can be reduced, it is directly discharged in soil and river relative to by rainwater Design, the pollution that can prevent rainwater from being caused to soil and river substantially increases the resource utilization efficiency of rainwater, becomes useless It is treasured, alleviates the deficient problem of city water resource, soil erosion is reduced, to building the ecological agriculture, ecocity, environmental protection All there is very great meaning.
First pass through captation to be collected the water in the rainwater and rainwash in city, when needing to enter green plants During row watering pours water, intake pump is opened, water enters aerator by intake pump, before water supply aerating, allows water to first pass through isolation Pipe and screen pack, allow some of water impurity to enter immersible pump, can otherwise influence the aeration of immersible pump.The purpose of aeration is just It is to make the water of irrigation in order to more oxygen can be dissolved into water advantageously in the growth of vegetation.Enter again by the water being aerated Enter tank, then ecological afforestation abaculus is entered by each branch pipe by tank, so as to reach drawing by ecological afforestation abaculus Stream effect is equably poured effect to green plants.The top of ecological afforestation abaculus is provided with rain collector in itself, After water enters device for collecting rain water, by central siphon, into irrigation pipe, green plants is poured, another part water enters the One connecting tube and the second connecting tube, are connected with each other the water between each ecological afforestation abaculus, more preferably can equably irrigate green Color plant, is unlikely to water some places more or water less, it is to avoid green plants causes drowned phenomenon due to heavy irrigation, The effect for preventing erosion and preserving the ecological environment can be played again simultaneously.It is combined using ecological afforestation abaculus and green plants Greening mode, can not only beautify the environment, and formed urban ecological system have very strong jamproof ability.
Brief description of the drawings
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of sponge urban afforestation irrigation system in the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of ecological afforestation abaculus in the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation that rain collector is arranged on ecological afforestation abaculus in the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of tank in the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of aerator in the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation after the laying of ecological afforestation abaculus in the present invention.
In figure:1- captations;2- pours water pump installation;3- aerators;4- afforestation equipments;5- collecting-tanks;6- water collectors; 7- purification integrated machines;8- catchments inlet pipe;9- catchments outlet pipe;10- intake pumps;11- water pump outlet pipes;12- tanks;13- tanks Outlet pipe;14- water outlet tube valves;15- ecological afforestation abaculus;16- implantation holes;17- aeration tanks;19- isolated tubes;20- screen packs; 21- shielded boxs;22- immersible pumps;23- is aerated outlet pipe;24- straight tubes;25- elbows;26- level sensors;27- flowmeters;28- First connecting tube;The connecting tubes of 29- second;30- irrigation pipes;31- connecting nodes;32- limited impressions;33- spacing preiections;34- rain Water collector;35- central siphons.
Specific embodiment
As shown in Figures 1 to 6, a kind of sponge urban afforestation irrigation system, including captation 1, pump installation 2 of pouring water, exposure Device of air 3 and afforestation equipment 4.Captation 1 includes collecting-tank 5, water collector 6 and purification integrated machine 7, and collecting-tank 5 is provided with collection Water inlet pipe 8 and outlet pipe 9 of catchmenting, the inlet pipe 8 that catchments are provided with water collector 6, and outlet pipe of catchmenting 9 is provided with purification integrated machine 7, outlet pipe of catchmenting 9 connect pump installation 2 of pouring water.Pump installation 2 of pouring water includes intake pump 10, and intake pump 10 is connected with water pump outlet pipe 11, water pump outlet pipe 11 Aerator 3 is connected with, aerator 3 is connected with tank 12.Tank 12 is connected with tank outlet pipe 13, and tank goes out Water pipe 13 is provided with water outlet tube valve 14, the connection afforestation equipment 4 of tank outlet pipe 13.Afforestation equipment 4 includes that ecological afforestation is embedding Block 15 and green plants, the top of ecological afforestation abaculus 15 are provided with rain collector, are formed between ecological afforestation abaculus 15 Green plants is provided with implantation hole 16, implantation hole 16.Captation 1 is first passed through to enter the water in the rainwater and rainwash in city Row is collected, and when needing to carry out watering pours water to green plants, opens intake pump 10, and water enters aerator 3 by intake pump 10, Before water supply aerating, allow water to first pass through isolated tube 19 and screen pack 20, allow some of water impurity to enter immersible pump, it is no The aeration of immersible pump 22 can then be influenceed.The purpose of aeration is exactly, in order to dissolve into more oxygen in water, to make the water of irrigation more Added with the growth beneficial to vegetation.Tank 12 is entered back into by the water being aerated, then life is entered by each branch pipe by tank 12 State afforests abaculus 15, so as to the drainage reached by ecological afforestation abaculus 15 is equably poured effect to green plants Really.The top of ecological afforestation abaculus 15 is provided with rain collector in itself, after water enters device for collecting rain water 34, by central siphon 35, into irrigation pipe 30, green plants is poured, another part water enters the first connecting tube 28 and the second connecting tube 29, The water between each ecological afforestation abaculus 15 is connected with each other, green plants more preferably can be equably irrigated, is unlikely to some ground Side waters or waters less, it is to avoid green plants causes drowned phenomenon due to heavy irrigation, while can play prevent water again The effect that soil is lost in and preserves the ecological environment.The greening mode being combined using ecological afforestation abaculus 15 and green plants, not only Can beautify the environment, and the urban ecological system for being formed has very strong jamproof ability.
Aerator 3 includes aeration tank 17, and the both sides of aeration tank 17 are provided with water pump outlet pipe 11, and water pump outlet pipe 11 is connected with isolation Pipe 19, the other end of isolated tube 19 is connected with screen pack 20, is provided with shielded box 21 in the middle of aeration tank 17, is provided with shielded box 21 latent Water pump 22, immersible pump 22 is connected with aeration outlet pipe 23.By isolated tube 19 and screen pack 20, into aerator 3 water not Other impurity are had, the aeration work of immersible pump 22 is influenceed.
Tank 12 includes straight tube 24, elbow 25 and level sensor 26, the connecting bend 25 of straight tube 24, the connection storage of elbow 25 Pond outlet pipe 13.Level sensor 26 can be unlikely to water outflow with the height of real-time monitoring water level.
Intake pump 10 is connected with outlet pipe 9 of catchmenting, and outlet pipe of catchmenting 9 is provided with flowmeter 27.Flowmeter 27 can be monitored constantly Into the uninterrupted of the water of intake pump 10.
It is provided with the first connecting tube 28, the second connecting tube 29 and irrigation pipe 30 in ecological afforestation abaculus 15, the first connecting tube 28, The junction of the second connecting tube 29 and irrigation pipe 30 is provided with connecting node 31, and the first connecting tube 28 is located at ecological afforestation abaculus 15 Right-hand member and front end, the second connecting tube 29 are located at left end and the rear end of ecological afforestation abaculus 15, the first connecting tube 28 and the second connection Pipe 29 matches.First connecting tube 28 is provided with limited impression 32, and the second connecting tube 29 is provided with spacing preiection 33, limited impression 32 and spacing preiection 33 match.The water in one piece of block ecological afforestation abaculus 15 is set to connect one by such connected mode Rise, equably green plants can be poured.Rain collector includes device for collecting rain water 34 and central siphon 35, rainwater collection The downside connection central siphon 35 of storage 34, the connection connecting node 31 of central siphon 35.
A kind of construction method of sponge urban afforestation irrigation system, including following construction procedure:
(a) excavation pit:Technical staff reconnoitres to the city of practice of construction first, the low ground conduct of selection physical features The construction area of collecting-tank 5 and tank 12;Then the obstacle material of construction area earth's surface is removed, using artificial or excavator The mode cutting depth of excavation is the foundation ditch of 6~10m, the barrier in foundation ditch is transported by crane or is drilled to by rig Microlith shape, when close to bottom of foundation ditch, is rebuild by the way of hand fit, and is tamped in the bottom of foundation ditch with rammer compacter Treatment, keeps smooth, the stabilization inside foundation ditch;Unwrapping wire finally is measured to foundation ditch, the side slope to foundation ditch carries out consolidation process, Then the periphery laying geomembrane inside foundation ditch, is the cage ring of 4~6cm in the top periphery laying height of foundation ditch, and Flowing water mouthful is set at interval of 10~15cm in cage ring.
The foundation of (b) collecting-tank 5, aeration tank 17 and tank 12:According to design drawing and the foundation ditch size of actual measurement, Determine collecting-tank 5 and tank 12 sets up position, and collecting-tank 5, aeration tank 17 and water storage are then respectively mounted in foundation ditch Pond 12, after the installation of collecting-tank 5, aeration tank 17 and tank 12, in its periphery, Jacket thickness is the anti-of 3~5cm Ooze film.And when being installed to collecting-tank 5, aeration tank 17 and tank 12, it is ensured that intake pump 10 and phase are left in foundation ditch Answer the position of pipeline;Two intake pumps 10 of different sizes are then installed between collecting-tank 5 and aeration tank 17, and in collecting-tank 5th, the water inlet and water outlet of aeration tank 17 and tank 12 install corresponding inlet and outlet pipe lines;Original soil backfill is finally carried out, Collecting-tank 5, aeration tank 17 and tank 12 are buried.In original soil backfill is carried out, 200mm thickness hand compactions are often filled out, it is ensured that Reach the intensity of design.
The ground pretreatment of (c) laying ecological afforestation abaculus 15:First at the ground of laying ecological afforestation abaculus 15 Reason, removes weeds, tree root, protrusion, with grains of sand filling cavity and tamps;Then loosening the soil for edge is cleared up, protrusion is removed, then Compacting treatment is carried out to edge;Then the specific size of the ground of ecological afforestation abaculus 15 is laid with tape measure, further according to ground The size of base determines the size of the geotextiles of laying, and geotextiles are cut with billhook, and carries out the laying of geotextiles, geotechnique Layer of cloth laying carries out checksum protection after finishing to it, it is ensured that the laying surface of geotextiles does not occur damage;Finally in geotechnique After the completion of cloth laying, one layer of antiseepage sand is re-layed in geotextiles.
(d) laying ecological afforestation abaculus 15:Laid since a corner of the ground of laying ecological afforestation abaculus 15, first A layer concrete is uniformly poured in foundation surface, then first piece of ecological afforestation abaculus 15 is placed on concrete, and use rubber Skin hammer compacting, in making the 1/3 of ecological afforestation abaculus 15 to build concrete, mutually anchors with concrete;By the way of from left to right, Then start to lay second piece of ecological afforestation abaculus 15, by first piece of limited impression 32 and second piece of ecological afforestation of ecological abaculus The matching of spacing preiection 33 of abaculus 15 links together, and adjusts the locus of adjacent two pieces of ecological afforestation abaculus 15, complete Into the laying work of the first row ecological afforestation abaculus 15;After the laying of the first row ecological afforestation abaculus 15 is finished, the is then carried out Two row ecological afforestation abaculus 15 are laid, the limited impression 32 of the first row ecology abaculus and second piece of ecological afforestation abaculus 15 it is spacing Raised 33 matching links together, successively along the first row parallel laid, until ground laying is finished;Finally check the life for laying State afforests the flatness of abaculus 15, incongruent region is processed, until reaching design standard.
E () plants green plants:In the implantation hole 16 formed between ecological afforestation abaculus 15 and ecological afforestation abaculus 15 Soil is inserted, and sows vegetable seeds, periodically conserved.
Specific embodiment of the invention is these are only, but technical characteristic of the invention is not limited thereto.It is any with this hair It is to solve essentially identical technical problem based on bright, realizes essentially identical technique effect, done ground simple change, etc. With replacement or modification etc., all it is covered by among protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of sponge urban afforestation irrigation system, it is characterised in that:Including captation, pump installation of pouring water, aerator and Afforestation equipment, the captation include collecting-tank, water collector and purification integrated machine, the collecting-tank be provided with catchment inlet pipe and Catchment outlet pipe, the inlet pipe that catchments is provided with the water collector, and the outlet pipe of catchmenting is provided with the purification integrated machine, the collection The water outlet pipe connection pump installation of pouring water, the pump installation of pouring water includes intake pump, and the intake pump is connected with water pump outlet pipe, institute State water pump outlet pipe and be connected with the aerator, the aerator is connected with tank, and the tank is connected with tank Outlet pipe, the tank outlet pipe is provided with water outlet tube valve, and the tank outlet pipe connects the afforestation equipment, described Afforestation equipment includes ecological afforestation abaculus and green plants, is provided with rain collector at the top of the ecological afforestation abaculus, institute State and be formed with implantation hole between ecological afforestation abaculus, the green plants is provided with the implantation hole.
2. a kind of sponge urban afforestation irrigation system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The aerator includes Aeration tank, the aeration tank both sides are provided with the water pump outlet pipe, and the water pump outlet pipe is connected with isolated tube, and the isolated tube is another End is connected with screen pack, and shielded box is provided with the middle of the aeration tank, and immersible pump is provided with the shielded box, and the immersible pump connects It is connected to aeration outlet pipe.
3. a kind of sponge urban afforestation irrigation system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The tank includes straight Pipe, elbow and level sensor, the straight tube connect the elbow, and the elbow connects the tank outlet pipe.
4. a kind of sponge urban afforestation irrigation system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The intake pump connects institute Outlet pipe of catchmenting is stated, the outlet pipe of catchmenting is provided with flowmeter.
5. a kind of sponge urban afforestation irrigation system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The ecological afforestation abaculus Inside it is provided with the first connecting tube, the second connecting tube and irrigation pipe, first connecting tube, second connecting tube and the irrigation pipe Junction be provided with connecting node, first connecting tube is located at right-hand member and the front end of the ecological afforestation abaculus, described second Connecting tube is located at left end and the rear end of the ecological afforestation abaculus, and first connecting tube and second connecting tube match.
6. a kind of sponge urban afforestation irrigation system according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:In first connecting tube Limited impression is provided with, second connecting tube is provided with spacing preiection, and the limited impression and the spacing preiection match.
7. a kind of sponge urban afforestation irrigation system according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The rain collector Including device for collecting rain water and central siphon, the downside of the device for collecting rain water connects the central siphon, and the central siphon connection is described Connecting node.
8. a kind of construction method of sponge urban afforestation irrigation system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that including following Construction procedure:
(a) excavation pit:Technical staff reconnoitres to the city of practice of construction first, and the low ground of selection physical features is used as catchmenting Pond and the construction area of tank;Then the obstacle material of construction area earth's surface is removed, is excavated using artificial or excavator Mode cutting depth is the foundation ditch of 6~10m, and the barrier in foundation ditch is transported by crane or microlith is drilled to by rig Shape, when close to bottom of foundation ditch, is rebuild by the way of hand fit, and is carried out at compacting in the bottom of foundation ditch with rammer compacter Reason, keeps smooth, the stabilization inside foundation ditch;Unwrapping wire finally is measured to foundation ditch, the side slope to foundation ditch carries out consolidation process, so Afterwards inside foundation ditch periphery laying geomembrane, foundation ditch top periphery laying height for 4~6cm cage ring, and every Flowing water mouthful is set at interval of 10~15cm on circle;
The foundation of (b) collecting-tank, aeration tank and tank:According to design drawing and the foundation ditch size of actual measurement, collection is determined Pond and tank set up position, and collecting-tank, aeration tank and tank are then respectively mounted in foundation ditch, and to catchmenting When pond, aeration tank and tank are installed, it is ensured that the position of intake pump and corresponding pipeline is left in foundation ditch;Then in collecting-tank Two intake pumps of different sizes, and the water inlet in collecting-tank, aeration tank and tank and water outlet are installed and aeration tank between Corresponding inlet and outlet pipe lines are installed at mouthful;Original soil backfill is finally carried out, collecting-tank, aeration tank and tank are buried;
The ground pretreatment of (c) laying ecological afforestation abaculus:First the ground in laying ecological afforestation abaculus is processed, and is removed miscellaneous Grass, tree root, protrusion, with grains of sand filling cavity and tamp;Then loosening the soil for edge is cleared up, protrusion is removed, then edge is entered Row compacting is processed;Then the specific size of the ground of ecological afforestation abaculus is laid with tape measure, the size further according to ground is true Geotextiles are cut by the size of the geotextiles of fixed laying with billhook, and carry out the laying of geotextiles, and geotechnological layer of cloth has been laid Checksum protection is carried out to it after finishing, it is ensured that the laying surface of geotextiles does not occur damage;It is last to be completed in geotextile laying Afterwards, one layer of antiseepage sand is re-layed in geotextiles;
D () lays ecological afforestation abaculus:Laid since a corner of the ground of laying ecological afforestation abaculus, first in ground base table Face uniformly pours a layer concrete, and then first piece of ecological afforestation abaculus is placed on concrete, and is tamped with rubber hammer, makes The 1/3 of ecological afforestation abaculus is built in concrete, is mutually anchored with concrete;By the way of from left to right, then start laying Second piece of ecological afforestation abaculus, by first piece of limited impression and second piece of spacing preiection of ecological afforestation abaculus of ecological abaculus With linking together, and the locus of adjacent two pieces of ecological afforestation abaculus is adjusted, complete the first row ecological afforestation abaculus Laying work;After the laying of the first row ecological afforestation abaculus is finished, the laying of the second row ecological afforestation abaculus, the first row are then carried out The spacing preiection matching of the limited impression of ecological abaculus and second piece of ecological afforestation abaculus links together, flat along the first row successively Row laying, until ground laying is finished;The flatness of the ecological afforestation abaculus for laying finally is checked, incongruent region is entered Row treatment, until reaching design standard;
E () plants green plants:Soil is inserted in the implantation hole formed between ecological afforestation abaculus and ecological afforestation abaculus, and Vegetable seeds is sowed, is periodically conserved.
9. the construction method of a kind of sponge urban afforestation irrigation system according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:Described In step (b), after the installation of the collecting-tank, the aeration tank and the tank, in its periphery Jacket thickness It is the antiseepage film of 3~5cm.
10. the construction method of a kind of sponge urban afforestation irrigation system according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:Institute State in step (b), in original soil backfill is carried out, often fill out 200mm thickness hand compactions, it is ensured that reach the intensity of design.
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CN106088289A (en) * 2016-07-14 2016-11-09 浙江水利水电学院 A kind of water storage system for sponge Front river course road and construction method
CN205712279U (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-11-23 鄢陵县花艺绿化工程有限公司 A kind of municipal administration is green plants water circulation system

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20060210358A1 (en) * 2005-03-17 2006-09-21 Jui-Wen Chen Constructive water resource recycling method
CN102668947A (en) * 2012-05-10 2012-09-19 张振华 Water-air coupled high-efficient irrigation system
CN204098046U (en) * 2014-09-01 2015-01-14 浙江水利水电学院 A kind of adjustable ecological revetment system
CN205712279U (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-11-23 鄢陵县花艺绿化工程有限公司 A kind of municipal administration is green plants water circulation system
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