CN106694511A - Energy-saving garbage treatment equipment - Google Patents

Energy-saving garbage treatment equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106694511A
CN106694511A CN201510788161.6A CN201510788161A CN106694511A CN 106694511 A CN106694511 A CN 106694511A CN 201510788161 A CN201510788161 A CN 201510788161A CN 106694511 A CN106694511 A CN 106694511A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cleaning
rubbish
energy
separating
broken bag
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510788161.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
卡文艳
季晓刚
Original Assignee
宁夏琪凯节能设备有限公司
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Application filed by 宁夏琪凯节能设备有限公司 filed Critical 宁夏琪凯节能设备有限公司
Priority to CN201510788161.6A priority Critical patent/CN106694511A/en
Publication of CN106694511A publication Critical patent/CN106694511A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste or contaminated solids into something useful or harmless
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B5/00Operations not covered by single other subclass or by a single other group in this subclass

Abstract

The invention discloses energy-saving garbage treatment equipment and relates to environment-friendly equipment. The energy-saving garbage treatment equipment comprises a bag breaking, cleaning, deodorization and separation integrated machine, a sand sedimentation tank, a methane tank and a circulating water tank which are sequentially connected; a feeding hole is formed in the top of the left end of the bag breaking, cleaning, deodorization and separation integrated machine and is connected with a water pump by a cleaning pipe; a plastic film separation hole is formed in the middle of the bag breaking, cleaning, deodorization and separation integrated machine; the bag breaking, cleaning, deodorization and separation integrated machine is also internally provided with a slag remover connected with the circulating water tank by a cleaning water return pipe; and a slag hole is formed in the tail of the bag breaking, cleaning, deodorization and separation integrated machine and is connected with the sand sedimentation tank. The energy-saving garbage treatment equipment is used for achieving the five aims for domestic garbage treatment, namely, reduction, harmlessness, recycling, energy regeneration and cleaning for rural domestic garbage treatment.

Description

A kind of energy-saving refuse treatment plant

Technical field

The present invention relates to residents in rural community treatment field of Environment Protection, and in particular to a kind of energy-saving rubbish Rubbish processing equipment.

Background technology

With expanding economy, the quickening of the Course of Urbanization and the raising of living standards of the people, rubbish The discharge capacity of rubbish increases sharply.In face of the reality that rubbish overflows, no longer only reside within and how to control Make and disappear and ruin in rubbish this old problem, but should take positive attitude and effective measures, set about Scientifically treatment, using rubbish, rubbish is classified as " Secondary resource " for maintaining sustained economic development, Resource is wanted to rubbish, the energy, is wanted benefit.

Conventional garbage processing method, mainly there is landfill, three kinds of methods of compost and burning disposal at present.

1st, landfill disposal

Garbage loading embeading long history, is the processing method for generally using.Because the method is simple, save throwing Money, can process the rubbish of all kinds, so this method is continued to use in countries in the world extensively.From without control The landfill of system, develops into sanitary landfills, including filter Zhejiang circulation landfill, compressed garbage landfill, broken rubbish Rubbish landfill etc..

Using landfill disposal method, first have to prevent the liquid squeezed out from waste from filtering Zhejiang and rainfall runoff Pollution to underground water.The absolute altitude of general norm requirement backfill ground lowest part will be higher by level of ground water 3.3m More than, and backfill ground bottom should have fluid-tight rock or argillic horizon.Otherwise need separately to set clay, The impermeable stratums such as Zhejiang green grass or young crops, plastic sheeting.Secondly, landfill yard should set exhaust outlet, make anaerobe The gases such as the methane discharged in decomposable process can be escaped in time, it is to avoid be exploded.Field after backfill Ground, typically should not thereon build house in 20 years, it is to avoid because backfill field uneven subsidence is caused Structure destruction, but greenery patches, farmland, pasture etc. can be made use.

Landfill disposal land used, it is useless after exploiting natural resources as far as possible from the natural or artificial depression dug out Clay pit, useless stone pit, abandoned mine hole etc..By garbage loading embeading in hole, be conducive to recovering landforms, dimension The ecological balance is held, but if in the backfill such as the depression of large area, bay, mountain valley, then needing to consider whether The ecological balance can be destroyed.

2nd, compost treatment

Compost is that the country such as China, India processes rubbish, excrement, produces the most ancient technology of agricultural fertilizer, It is also that countries in the world today has a kind of method of research and utilization.Compost is to make having in rubbish, excrement Machine thing, under microbial action, carries out biochemical reaction, eventually forms a kind of similar humus soil The material of earth, as fertilizer or improved soil.

Compost treatment is that the Biochemical processes of rubbish organic principle are decomposed using microorganism.In bioid Learn in course of reaction, organic matter, oxygen and bacterial interactions separate out carbon dioxide, water and heat, Humus is generated simultaneously.

The key of compost is that offer is a kind of makes the environment of microorganism active growth, to accelerate its to cause bacterium Decomposable process, makes up to stabilization.Compost is mainly by nutrient, temperature, humidity, pH in waste etc. The control of factor.

According to compost principle, anaerobic digestion can be divided into and decompose two kinds with aerobic.Anaerobic digestion need to be strict Carried out under anoxia condition, anaerobe decomposes growth relatively slowly, therefore not multiplex.Aerobic decomposable process can High temperature is produced simultaneously, disease pest ovum, bacterium etc. can be killed, and China mainly uses aerobic decomposition method.

The technics comparing of composting technology is simple, is suitable for the garbage disposal higher of the perishable content of organic matter, The utilization of resources can be carried out to the constituent part in rubbish, and the output investment ratio for the treatment of phase homogenous quantities rubbish is simple Burning disposal substantially reduce.Composting technology starts to walk relatively early, industry have been reached at present in American-European countries Change the level of application.

3rd, burning disposal

Burning refers to that the combustible in rubbish carries out combustion process in incinerator with oxygen.Essence be carbon, The chemical reaction of the elements such as hydrogen, sulphur and oxygen.After waste incineration, heat energy is discharged, while producing flue gas And solid residue.Heat energy will be reclaimed, and flue gas will be purified, and residue will digest, and this is that burning disposal must not The technical process that can lack.

The characteristics of incineration treatment technology is big treating capacity, and volume reduction is good, innoxious thorough, burning process The heat of generation is used for generating electricity that the energy of rubbish can be realized, therefore is that each developed country of the world is universal A kind of technology of garbage disposal for using.

Can decompose Flammable Solid Class 4.1 waste oxidation by burning, reach removal toxicity, recover energy And obtain the purpose of byproduct.Almost all of Organic waste can be processed with burning method.For Inorganic-organic Combination solid waste, if organic matter is poisonous and harmful substance, is typically preferably also use Burning method treatment.Burning method is applied to the more rubbish for the treatment of combustible.Using burning method, it is necessary to note Meaning does not cause the secondary pollution of air.The states such as Switzerland, the Sweden in Japan and Europe are in general burning method On the basis of, there have been developed high temperature and decomposed with middle temperature, it is basic at a high temperature of making rubbish more than 1650 DEG C Or burn completely, and the energy of release is reclaimed as the energy.

Burning is a kind of technology of garbage disposal for destroying garbage utilization heat energy.But, only to those not Valuables can be reclaimed, the rubbish of heat energy can only be reclaimed, incineration treatment of garbage is only scientific and rational.

The limitation of conventional garbage processing method:

1st, the limitation of landfill disposal

Landfill disposal has been buried using thing, and the selection for filling place is more and more difficult, transport, fill, The expenses such as management are also improved constantly.Landfill yard floor space is big, while in the presence of serious secondary pollution, Such as meeting of rubbish diffusate polluted underground water and soil, the foul smell that dumping is produced have a strong impact on place The air quality on periphery, in addition, the methane gas that rubbish fermentation is produced is both fire and hidden peril of explosion, It is discharged into air and greenhouse effects can be produced.And landfill yard disposal ability is limited, after taking up one's indentures Still need to the new landfill yard of investment construction, further land occupation resource.

2nd, the limitation of compost treatment

Compost treatment can not process not putrescible organic matter and inorganic matter, stone, metal in rubbish, Glass, plastics the like waste can not be decomposed by the microorganisms, these discarded objects must go-no-go out, separately Treatment, therefore volume reduction, decrement and innoxious low degree;Composting cycle is long, and floor space is big, health Condition is poor;Produced after compost treatment fertilizer efficiency is low, high cost, with chemical fertilizer than sales difficulty, warp Ji is of poor benefits.Composting technology must have unit by perishable again after fresh rubbish is classified first Divide and fermented, the infiltration of heavy metal could be effectively prevented, so as to ensure that organic fertilizer product reaches state Family's standard, really realizes innoxious and resource.

3rd, the limitation of burning disposal

Burning disposal be there are certain requirements to rubbish Lower heat value, and not any rubbish can be burned. Available resources is destroyed in rubbish, is a kind of processing method of waste of resource, even if reclaiming heat energy The purpose that waste disposably regenerates can only be accomplished, it is impossible to realize the recycled for multiple times of resource.Burn and produce Raw a large amount of flue gases, while substantial amounts of pernicious gas is produced, therefore the flue gas for producing must be purified, and be transported Row high cost, burning the residue for producing must also digest.

Existing rural garbage main processing ways:

1st, village is collected, town is transported, the mode of county's treatment is processed.But rural area is wide, village village point Dissipate, refuse collection is difficult, particularly outlying rural area has inconvenient traffic, waste transportation high cost.It is this Mode is only suitable for cities and towns periphery village village.

2nd, residents in rural community is arbitrarily stacked, and this mode is seen everywhere.Have a strong impact on the environment in rural area Sanitation and hygiene.

3rd, house refuse simply is filled using nature gully or natual subside area, only causes dispersion pollution Translate into concentrated contaminated water.

4th, simple centralized burning, generation toxic gas, contaminated air, being reclaimed not from rubbish can be again Production-goods source, causes the waste that resource is serious.

The content of the invention

For not enough present on prior art, the present invention 0 be that a kind of life in the countryside rubbish is provided The environmental protection equipment of rubbish resource treatment in situ, reaches the purpose of " five change " of domestic rubbish disposal, i.e.,: " minimizing ", " innoxious ", " resource ", " energy " of residents in rural community treatment, " cleaning ".

To achieve these goals, the present invention is to realize by the following technical solutions:Energy-saving rubbish Rubbish processing equipment, including broken bag cleans deodorant separating one-piece, setting pot, methane-generating pit and circulating water pool, Broken bag is cleaned deodorant separating one-piece, setting pot, methane-generating pit and circulating water pool and is sequentially connected, described The left end top that broken bag cleans deodorant separating one-piece is provided with dog-house, dog-house by clean pipe with Water pump is connected, and broken bag is cleaned deodorant separating one-piece middle part and is provided with plastic sheeting separating opening, and broken bag is clear Remove and device for dragging dregs is additionally provided with smelly separating one-piece, device for dragging dregs is by cleaning return pipe with circulation Pond is connected, and broken bag is cleaned deodorant separating one-piece afterbody and is provided with slag notch, slag notch and setting pot It is connected.

Preferably, described methane-generating pit top is connected with biogas pipe, methane-generating pit passes through sludge pipe and follows Ring pond is connected with water pump.

Beneficial effects of the present invention:

1. processed by microorganism Rapid Fermentation, rapidly removed the peculiar smell and stench of house refuse, sent out Disease is killed during ferment simultaneously, fly, mosquito is no longer largely grown, reach what rural area cleaned Purpose.

2. house refuse is by after recycling treatment, perishable rotten organic matter is substantially decomposed, remaining Under only a small amount solid waste and silt particle, silt particle can bypass or landfill disposal on the spot, reduce rubbish Rubbish discarded object freight volume, saves transport resource, reaches the purpose of minimizing.

3. house refuse after recycling treatment by that can go out the automatic sortings such as plastic products, metal implements Come, by waste recovery using treatment, furthermore, the low concentration wastewater in life treatment Posterior circle pond can Make crops liquid fertilizer, reach resource recycling purpose.

4. after domestic rubbish disposal, organic matter can be converted into the purpose that biogas reaches Castoff material energizing.

5. domestic rubbish disposal process, exosmoses without wastewater disposition, without the air pollution problems inherent for burning generation, Reach the innoxious purpose of domestic rubbish disposal.

6. using present treatment station, residents in rural community Bu Chu villages are used, so that it may ground treatment.

In addition to objects, features and advantages described above, also other purposes of the invention, Feature and advantage.Below with reference to figure, the present invention is further detailed explanation.

Brief description of the drawings

The accompanying drawing for constituting the part of the application is used for providing a further understanding of the present invention, the present invention Schematic description and description be used for explain the present invention, do not constitute inappropriate limitation of the present invention.

Fig. 1 is structural representation of the invention.

Specific embodiment

In order to make the purpose , technical scheme and advantage of the present invention be clearer, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing And embodiment, the present invention will be described in further detail.It should be appreciated that described herein specific Embodiment is only used to explain the present invention, is not intended to limit the present invention.

Reference picture 1, this specific embodiment uses following technical scheme:Energy-saving refuse treatment plant, Deodorant separating one-piece 1, setting pot 2, methane-generating pit 3 and circulating water pool 4, broken bag are cleaned including broken bag Deodorant separating one-piece 1, setting pot 2, methane-generating pit 3 and circulating water pool 4 is cleaned to be sequentially connected, it is described Broken bag clean the left end top of deodorant separating one-piece 1 and be provided with dog-house 12, dog-house 12 passes through Cleaning pipe 5 is connected with water pump 8, and broken bag is cleaned the middle part of deodorant separating one-piece 1 and is provided with plastic sheeting Separating opening 11, broken bag is cleaned in deodorant separating one-piece 1 and is additionally provided with device for dragging dregs 14, device for dragging dregs 14 are connected by cleaning return pipe 7 with circulating water pool 4, and broken bag cleans the deodorant afterbody of separating one-piece 1 Slag notch 13 is provided with, slag notch 13 is connected with setting pot 2.

It is worth noting that, the described top of methane-generating pit 3 is connected with biogas pipe 31, methane-generating pit 3 passes through Sludge pipe 6 is connected with circulating water pool 4 and water pump 8.

The broken bag of this specific embodiment cleans deodorant separating one-piece, and Main Function is exactly by refuse bag Tearing can be fully exposed with rubbish in faeces bag, facilitate deodorant and cleaning.Automatically will be perishable Organic matter and inorganic matter are separated, and are promoted the acceleration of organic matter to rot and are reduced the generation of stench, are contained Having highly concentrated organic matter sewage to automatically control into methane-generating pit carries out Anaerobic Treatment, by some plastics in rubbish The solid waste of the without putrefaction such as film and silt particle irony thing, glass, wood fibre, brick is divided automatically From, they are washed, substantially it is separately recovered and utilizes.

The setting pot Main Function of this specific embodiment:For precipitating and filtering the inorganic matters such as argillaceous sand stone, Anti- fractional object here enters methane-generating pit and blocks methane-generating pit water distribution pipe.Methane-generating pit effect is using highly concentrated Organic solution processed by anaerobic fermentation organic matter be converted into biogas and water, produce can combustion natural pond Gas supply nearby residents are used as life gas energy, and biogas slurry supernatant is flowed into circulating water pool. Circulating water pool Main Function is:Washes and methane-generating pit supernatant are collected, and this effluent part is supplied Whole technological process journey is recycled.

The operation principle of this specific embodiment:After residents in rural community manually puts into dog-house, rubbish Water is cleaned immediately to pour in the barrel of the broken bag deodorant separating one-piece of cleaning.Filled on roller inner periphery There is broken bag blade, refuse bag is rotated by blade or flight with rotating with roller, is taking up rotation During, refuse bag has part by broken bag, and refuse bag is copied to eminence, due to falling under Gravitative Loads Onto blade, and then broken bag, rubbish falls out from bag, and under the flushing of water, stench is removed, The stock guide of last rubbish and water in roller derives roller, flows into broken bag and cleans deodorant separating one-piece Fermentation vat in.Using the difference of each material buoyancy, silt particle etc. sinks to bottom of pond, plastic sheeting etc. and floats over The water surface, drags for slag separator, by plastic sheeting using being cleaned in deodorant separating one-piece mounted in broken bag Material Deng without putrefaction is dragged for and rushed out, and during separating, this part rubbish is rinsed again, Then fall to collecting inframe and enter water-filling and separate and collect admittedly.So as to obtain resource recycling.Feed intake Afterwards, after in the timing of equipment operation one, efficient biological inoculum (decomposing agent) is put at dog-house, with After rinse water flows into fermentation vat, flushing water pump and relevant device are closed down, wait and circulate the work that feeds intake next time Make.

The device for dragging dregs of lower bottom part in deodorant separating one-piece is cleaned in broken bag, using self-timing intermittently Operating, per day operation about certain distance so that bulk organic matter extends the residence time in pond, is easy to Rot completely and be dissolved in sewage, so that the perishable organic matter such as food waste fully divides with inorganic matter Separate out and, the rubbish that bottom dragveyer is pulled out the substantially inorganic matter such as silt particle, glass, metal.This Part rubbish out falls into collection inframe from discharging opening and collects afterwards, basic by fermentation vat rubbish out There is no stench to be easy to manual sort.High-concentration sewage in fermentation vat is flowed into methane-generating pit by setting pot Anaerobic fermentation (the flow use into methane-generating pit is automatically controlled) is carried out, biogas is formed, biogas is available for week Side resident living combustion gas is used, and the supernatant in pond is flowed into circulating water pool is used as rinse water recirculated water, whole Without wastewater disposition in individual processing procedure.After methane-generating pit runs 1 year, aspirated in methane-generating pit by sludge pipe Part bed mud, this partial bottom pond directly can use as biomass fertilizers.

Presently preferred embodiments of the present invention is the foregoing is only, is not intended to limit the invention, it is all in this hair Within bright spirit and principle, any modification for being made, equally replace Change, improve, should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of energy-saving refuse treatment plant, it is characterised in that clean deodorant separation including broken bag All-in-one (1), setting pot (2), methane-generating pit (3) and circulating water pool (4), broken bag clean deodorant point From all-in-one (1), setting pot, (2, methane-generating pit (3) and circulating water pool (4) are sequentially connected, described The left end top that broken bag cleans deodorant separating one-piece (1) is provided with dog-house (12), dog-house (12) It is connected with water pump (8) by cleaning pipe (5), broken bag is cleaned deodorant separating one-piece (1) middle part and set There is plastic sheeting separating opening (11), broken bag is cleaned to be additionally provided with deodorant separating one-piece (1) and drags for slag dress Put (14), (4) device for dragging dregs (14) is connected by cleaning return pipe (7) with circulating water pool, and broken bag is clear Remove smelly separating one-piece (1) afterbody and be provided with slag notch (13), go out Luokou (13) with setting pot (2) It is connected.
CN201510788161.6A 2015-11-17 2015-11-17 Energy-saving garbage treatment equipment CN106694511A (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102319722A (en) * 2011-07-25 2012-01-18 重庆大学 Mixed municipal domestic garbage resource treatment process
CN102896135A (en) * 2012-09-05 2013-01-30 唐义龙 Water washing garbage cleaning production treatment method
CN102921695A (en) * 2011-08-11 2013-02-13 上海申水环保科技有限公司 Water-sorting resource, harmlessness and natural-derivation recycling eco-system of municipal domestic wastes
CN203764631U (en) * 2014-03-20 2014-08-13 广西精锐机械制造有限责任公司 Environment-friendly equipment for performing on-the-spot disposal on urban district and rural household solid waste resources
EP3078428A4 (en) * 2013-10-29 2017-09-13 Mississippi International Water Inc. Waste treatment method and apparatus for solid/liquid separation and organic/inorganic material separation

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102319722A (en) * 2011-07-25 2012-01-18 重庆大学 Mixed municipal domestic garbage resource treatment process
CN102921695A (en) * 2011-08-11 2013-02-13 上海申水环保科技有限公司 Water-sorting resource, harmlessness and natural-derivation recycling eco-system of municipal domestic wastes
CN102896135A (en) * 2012-09-05 2013-01-30 唐义龙 Water washing garbage cleaning production treatment method
EP3078428A4 (en) * 2013-10-29 2017-09-13 Mississippi International Water Inc. Waste treatment method and apparatus for solid/liquid separation and organic/inorganic material separation
CN203764631U (en) * 2014-03-20 2014-08-13 广西精锐机械制造有限责任公司 Environment-friendly equipment for performing on-the-spot disposal on urban district and rural household solid waste resources

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