CN106688538A - Black tomato planting method - Google Patents

Black tomato planting method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106688538A
CN106688538A CN201611054507.0A CN201611054507A CN106688538A CN 106688538 A CN106688538 A CN 106688538A CN 201611054507 A CN201611054507 A CN 201611054507A CN 106688538 A CN106688538 A CN 106688538A
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China
Prior art keywords
furrow
black tomato
pillar
cultivation
tomato
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CN201611054507.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘雄
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刘雄
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Priority to CN201611054507.0A priority Critical patent/CN106688538A/en
Publication of CN106688538A publication Critical patent/CN106688538A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of agriculture and discloses a black tomato planting method. The method includes steps: determination of sowing time and weather conditions, seedling culture, furrowing and planting, supporting and pruning, fertilizing, field management, pest control and the like. By the black tomato planting method, the problem of low yield in existing black tomato planting can be solved.

Description

The implantation methods of black tomato
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural plantation technology field, especially a kind of implantation methods of black tomato.
Background technology
Black tomato originates in South America, is the treasure of tomato family, is gained the name because its fruit color and fruit are reddish black, and it is really Real dietotherapeutic, with strong fruit aroma, the mouthfeel of moderately sour and sweet, nutritive value is higher;Black tomato is introduced from foreign countries Infinite type first-filial generation elite seed, it is good with mouthfeel, colour excellent, pol is high, harvests regularity is good, and disease resistance is strong etc. Advantage;The suitable mean temperature of black tomato is between 19 ~ 30 DEG C, and the adaptability for soil is very extensive, and general arable land can plant Training, but in the heavy soil contagious disease of low humidity impeded drainage, medium-term growth and development is not prosperous, and plant is susceptible to weak feelings Condition, causes yield not high.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of implantation methods of black tomato, it can solve current black tomato plantation yield not Problem high.
In order to solve the above problems, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is:
The implantation methods of this black tomato, comprise the following steps:
A, sowing time and weather conditions:Black tomato southern area sowing time on annual January, the middle ten days and August The first tenday period of a month;Northern area is preferably in greenhouse Protectorate cultivation, annual August, the last ten-days period are advisable;Need shade for more than 35 DEG C, less than 10 DEG C need Greenhouse cultivation;
B, nursery:Black tomato use seedbed nursery, seedling it is long to two leaves wholeheartedly when, be transplanted in the nutritive cube of 8 centimetres of 8 cm x Continue nursery to four leaves wholeheartedly when, then migrate to field planting;Seedbed base manure be mixed into after spreading fertilizer over the fields 5 ~ 6 centimetres of bed soil it is deep within, make High bed, seed broadcasting, blinding is thick 1 centimetre, is watered after mulching straw;Straw is removed after germination, every pull in a week weeding and Topdress once, it is secondary altogether;Seedling is grown to 4 true leaves to be colonized early when launching in nutritive cube and is advisable, transplantation with soil;During nursery 20 ~ 25 days;
C, do ridge cultivation plant:Soil plough rake after, by line-spacing width trench digging apply lower base manure after earthing make high ridge, furrow to North and South direction, Furrow are wide 100 centimetres, are colonized 2 rows, 30 centimetres ~ 35 centimetres of spacing in the rows;The neat seedling of selection is planted in furrow face and applies on the side row of base manure, Each planting distance plants one plant, and root water can be poured after plant, it is ensured that tomato plants seedling without period of seedling establishment;
D, pillar and training:Black tomato cultivation must insert pillar, and pillar training cultivation is generally gone alone or double dry trainings, goes alone training Only stay terminal bud one on major branch to continue to the lateral bud occurred between growth, other all internal organs, all plucked when immature;It is double dry whole During branch, except retaining on major branch in addition to a terminal bud and a lateral bud for staying under the first inflorescence, other lateral buds are all plucked early;Insert To first, the flowers are in blossom moves ahead it after preferably in first time, intertillage is topdressed for vertical pillar, and pillar is inserted a cube formula and is divided into vertical type, furrow ditch Staggered form and furrow face crosswise;When stem extends, tie up at any time on pillar;
E, fertilising:Every mu is applied 2000 kilograms ~ 2500 kilograms of farm manure, 10 kilograms of mixing composite fertilizer, 10 kilograms of calcium superphosphate;Do furrow When enrich fermentation of fully becoming thoroughly decomposed rapeseed cake fertilizer 100 kilograms based on base fertilizer;During black tomato training cultivation, base manure trench digging applies soil At deep layer, topdress for the first time after field planting lives, ring is applied in 10 centimeters of strain week, and second before vertical pillar is inserted, apply furrow it Edge, then earths up;Third time is applied on furrow ditch side 20 ~ 30 days after second, is poured water after topdressing;
F, field management:For the first time, it is secondary topdress before tillage and weeding, Later growth should not hoe again;Soil can not after field planting Dry, pour water unsuitable excessive after surviving, the draining of furrow ditch is should be noted that during except rain;During training cultivation, fine day operation is selected, deformity Fruit and pest and disease damage fruit should remove early;
E, the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Black tomato disease mainly has blossom-end rot, bacterial wilt, late blight, leaf spot, powdery mildew etc., and insect pest is main There are Liriomyza, knot nematodes, tomato noctuid, aphid, eggplant snout moth's larva etc.;Black tomato pest and disease damage it is main implementing " put prevention first, it is comprehensive The policy of preventing and treating ", carries out effectively preventing, should carry out black tomato pest and disease damage using efficient, low toxicity, non-harmful desinsection mode Preventing and treating.
By adopting the above-described technical solution, the present invention has the advantages that compared with prior art:
1st, specification of the present invention and proposes the measure taken after generation problem in the implantation methods of black tomato;
2nd, the black tomato yield by present invention plantation is high, quality better.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is further described with reference to embodiment:
The implantation methods of this black tomato, comprise the following steps:
A, sowing time and weather conditions:Black tomato southern area sowing time on annual January, the middle ten days and August The first tenday period of a month;Northern area is preferably in greenhouse Protectorate cultivation, annual August, the last ten-days period are advisable;Need shade for more than 35 DEG C, less than 10 DEG C need Greenhouse cultivation;
B, nursery:Black tomato use seedbed nursery, seedling it is long to two leaves wholeheartedly when, be transplanted in the nutritive cube of 8 centimetres of 8 cm x Continue nursery to four leaves wholeheartedly when, then migrate to field planting;Seedbed base manure be mixed into after spreading fertilizer over the fields 5 ~ 6 centimetres of bed soil it is deep within, make High bed, seed broadcasting, blinding is thick 1 centimetre, is watered after mulching straw;Straw is removed after germination, every pull in a week weeding and Topdress once, it is secondary altogether;Seedling is grown to 4 true leaves to be colonized early when launching in nutritive cube and is advisable, transplantation with soil;During nursery 20 ~ 25 days;
C, do ridge cultivation plant:Soil plough rake after, by line-spacing width trench digging apply lower base manure after earthing make high ridge, furrow to North and South direction, Furrow are wide 100 centimetres, are colonized 2 rows, 30 centimetres ~ 35 centimetres of spacing in the rows;The neat seedling of selection is planted in furrow face and applies on the side row of base manure, Each planting distance plants one plant, and root water can be poured after plant, it is ensured that tomato plants seedling without period of seedling establishment;
D, pillar and training:Black tomato cultivation must insert pillar, and pillar training cultivation is generally gone alone or double dry trainings, goes alone training Only stay terminal bud one on major branch to continue to the lateral bud occurred between growth, other all internal organs, all plucked when immature;It is double dry whole During branch, except retaining on major branch in addition to a terminal bud and a lateral bud for staying under the first inflorescence, other lateral buds are all plucked early;Insert To first, the flowers are in blossom moves ahead it after preferably in first time, intertillage is topdressed for vertical pillar, and pillar is inserted a cube formula and is divided into vertical type, furrow ditch Staggered form and furrow face crosswise;When stem extends, tie up at any time on pillar;
E, fertilising:Every mu is applied 2000 kilograms ~ 2500 kilograms of farm manure, 10 kilograms of mixing composite fertilizer, 10 kilograms of calcium superphosphate;Do furrow When enrich fermentation of fully becoming thoroughly decomposed rapeseed cake fertilizer 100 kilograms based on base fertilizer;
During black tomato training cultivation, base manure trench digging applies Tu Shencengchu, topdresses for the first time after field planting lives, and ring was applied in strain week 10 Centimeters, for the second time before vertical pillar is inserted, apply at the edge of furrow, then earth up;Third time 20 ~ 30 days, Shi after second Furrow ditch side, pours water after topdressing;
F, field management:For the first time, it is secondary topdress before tillage and weeding, Later growth should not hoe again;Soil can not after field planting Dry, pour water unsuitable excessive after surviving, the draining of furrow ditch is should be noted that during except rain;During training cultivation, fine day operation is selected, deformity Fruit and pest and disease damage fruit should remove early;
E, the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Black tomato disease mainly has blossom-end rot, bacterial wilt, late blight, leaf spot, powdery mildew etc., and insect pest is main There are Liriomyza, knot nematodes, tomato noctuid, aphid, eggplant snout moth's larva etc.;Black tomato pest and disease damage it is main implementing " put prevention first, it is comprehensive The policy of preventing and treating ", carries out effectively preventing, should carry out black tomato pest and disease damage using efficient, low toxicity, non-harmful desinsection mode Preventing and treating.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of implantation methods of black tomato, it is characterised in that:Comprise the following steps:
A, sowing time and weather conditions:Black tomato southern area sowing time on annual January, the middle ten days and August The first tenday period of a month;Northern area is preferably in greenhouse Protectorate cultivation, annual August, the last ten-days period are advisable;Need shade for more than 35 DEG C, less than 10 DEG C need Greenhouse cultivation;
B, nursery:Black tomato use seedbed nursery, seedling it is long to two leaves wholeheartedly when, be transplanted in the nutritive cube of 8 centimetres of 8 cm x Continue nursery to four leaves wholeheartedly when, then migrate to field planting;Seedbed base manure be mixed into after spreading fertilizer over the fields 5 ~ 6 centimetres of bed soil it is deep within, make High bed, seed broadcasting, blinding is thick 1 centimetre, is watered after mulching straw;Straw is removed after germination, every pull in a week weeding and Topdress once, it is secondary altogether;Seedling is grown to 4 true leaves to be colonized early when launching in nutritive cube and is advisable, transplantation with soil;During nursery 20 ~ 25 days;
C, do ridge cultivation plant:Soil plough rake after, by line-spacing width trench digging apply lower base manure after earthing make high ridge, furrow to North and South direction, Furrow are wide 100 centimetres, are colonized 2 rows, 30 centimetres ~ 35 centimetres of spacing in the rows;The neat seedling of selection is planted in furrow face and applies on the side row of base manure, Each planting distance plants one plant, and root water can be poured after plant, it is ensured that tomato plants seedling without period of seedling establishment;
D, pillar and training:Black tomato cultivation must insert pillar, and pillar training cultivation is generally gone alone or double dry trainings, goes alone training Only stay terminal bud one on major branch to continue to the lateral bud occurred between growth, other all internal organs, all plucked when immature;It is double dry whole During branch, except retaining on major branch in addition to a terminal bud and a lateral bud for staying under the first inflorescence, other lateral buds are all plucked early;Insert To first, the flowers are in blossom moves ahead it after preferably in first time, intertillage is topdressed for vertical pillar, and pillar is inserted a cube formula and is divided into vertical type, furrow ditch Staggered form and furrow face crosswise;When stem extends, tie up at any time on pillar;
E, fertilising:Every mu is applied 2000 kilograms ~ 2500 kilograms of farm manure, 10 kilograms of mixing composite fertilizer, 10 kilograms of calcium superphosphate;Do furrow When enrich fermentation of fully becoming thoroughly decomposed rapeseed cake fertilizer 100 kilograms based on base fertilizer;During black tomato training cultivation, base manure trench digging applies soil At deep layer, topdress for the first time after field planting lives, ring is applied in 10 centimeters of strain week, and second before vertical pillar is inserted, apply furrow it Edge, then earths up;Third time is applied on furrow ditch side 20 ~ 30 days after second, is poured water after topdressing;
F, field management:For the first time, it is secondary topdress before tillage and weeding, Later growth should not hoe again;Soil can not after field planting Dry, pour water unsuitable excessive after surviving, the draining of furrow ditch is should be noted that during except rain;During training cultivation, fine day operation is selected, deformity Fruit and pest and disease damage fruit should remove early;
E, the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Black tomato disease mainly has blossom-end rot, bacterial wilt, late blight, leaf spot, powdery mildew etc., and insect pest is main There are Liriomyza, knot nematodes, tomato noctuid, aphid, eggplant snout moth's larva etc.;Black tomato pest and disease damage it is main implementing " put prevention first, it is comprehensive The policy of preventing and treating ", carries out effectively preventing, should carry out black tomato pest and disease damage using efficient, low toxicity, non-harmful desinsection mode Preventing and treating.
CN201611054507.0A 2016-11-25 2016-11-25 Black tomato planting method Withdrawn CN106688538A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107409731A (en) * 2017-08-31 2017-12-01 百色科瑞农业科技有限公司 A kind of cultural method of tomato
CN108739142A (en) * 2018-07-05 2018-11-06 钟山佳欣果蔬有限责任公司 A kind of tomato method for non-polluted cultivation

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104335786A (en) * 2013-08-03 2015-02-11 陈裕芳 Black tomato planting technology
CN105284354A (en) * 2015-10-26 2016-02-03 贵州关岭阿依苗生态农业发展有限公司 Tomato cultivation method
CN105309168A (en) * 2014-07-31 2016-02-10 姜韫英 Pollution-free tomato planting method

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104335786A (en) * 2013-08-03 2015-02-11 陈裕芳 Black tomato planting technology
CN105309168A (en) * 2014-07-31 2016-02-10 姜韫英 Pollution-free tomato planting method
CN105284354A (en) * 2015-10-26 2016-02-03 贵州关岭阿依苗生态农业发展有限公司 Tomato cultivation method

Non-Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
799055986: "黑番茄栽培技术要点及推广书", 《百度文库HTTPS://WENKU.BAIDU.COM/VIEW/9724DE7E52D380EB62946DBF.HTML》 *
GTL0011988: "番茄种植技术", 《百度文库HTTPS://WENKU.BAIDU.COM/VIEW/ACF2CA02EFF9AEF8941E06CC.HTML》 *
李文成: "黑番茄的栽培要点", 《农民致富之友》 *

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107409731A (en) * 2017-08-31 2017-12-01 百色科瑞农业科技有限公司 A kind of cultural method of tomato
CN108739142A (en) * 2018-07-05 2018-11-06 钟山佳欣果蔬有限责任公司 A kind of tomato method for non-polluted cultivation

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