CN102919009A - Technology for culturing chestnut pumpkin - Google Patents

Technology for culturing chestnut pumpkin Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102919009A
CN102919009A CN 201210174177 CN201210174177A CN102919009A CN 102919009 A CN102919009 A CN 102919009A CN 201210174177 CN201210174177 CN 201210174177 CN 201210174177 A CN201210174177 A CN 201210174177A CN 102919009 A CN102919009 A CN 102919009A
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fruit
water
planting
climing
seedling
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CN 201210174177
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刘明明
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刘明明
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Priority to CN 201210174177 priority Critical patent/CN102919009A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a technology for culturing chestnut pumpkin. The technology is characterized by comprising the following steps of: sowing and raising seedlings, preparing soil and applying fertilizer, plating, pinching and pruning, performing topdressing and watering, bearing fruit and adjusting, controlling insects, and harvesting; by the technology, the problems of low adaptability, low growth power, many insect pest and low yield of the conventional pumpkin in the production and culture process can be solved; and the technology is suitable for wide culture by farmers.

Description

A kind of culture technique of Chinese chestnut pumpkin
Technical field
The present invention relates to the production cultivation field of vegetables, specifically a kind of Chinese chestnut pumpkin culture technique.
Background technology
The Chinese chestnut pumpkin is little melon type early pumpkin new varieties, and fruit is oblate spheroid, heavily approximately 1~1.5 kilogram, annular ribs is arranged, and meat is thick, be orange-yellow.This kind unique flavor, meat is fine and close, delicate mouthfeel, flavor is the senior dish in hotel, hotel such as Chinese chestnut; Strong adaptability is grown vigorous, and damage by disease and insect is few, and output is high.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is for solving existing pumpkin variety in producing cultivation, not strong, the many insect pest of bad adaptability, growing power, the problem that yields poorly, the culture technique of inventing a kind of Chinese chestnut pumpkin.
Technical scheme of the present invention is, a kind of culture technique of Chinese chestnut pumpkin, and its special character comprises seeding and seedling raising, site preparation and fertilization, field planting, pinching training, topdress and water, bear fruit and adjustment, the extermination of disease and insect pest, the technical process of gathering:
1, seeding and seedling raising
The general employing of sowing in spring grown seedlings with protecting, and autumn sowing can be live.Spring sowing is general carries out feeding block seedlings raising in the mid-March in every year in booth, rear earthing 0.5cm is broadcast in 1 of every alms bowl sowing, waters permeable rear covering with plastic film insulation to emerging.Temperature rests in 25~30 ℃, and the rear suitable cooling of emerging is controlled at 20~25 ℃.More than every mu of standby seedling 600 strains in production field, the front 1 week control of field planting water improves seedling resistance.Autumn sowing is that mid-July is to early August.Seed was shone first 2~3 hours, then be placed in 55 ℃ of warm water sterilization 15 minutes, soaked 3~4 hours with clear water, the mucus on the flush away seed is wrapped with wet cloth and to be placed 25~30 ℃ of lower vernalization, can sow after most of seed shows money or valuables one carries unintentionally.
2, site preparation and fertilization
The Chinese chestnut pumpkin answers selective light to plant according to plot sufficient, that be difficult for ponding, fertile soil.Before field planting, level land, dig the plantation ditch, furrow width, dark each 60 centimetres, adjacent two plantation ditches are apart from 1.4 meters.In the plantation ditch, use sufficient base manure, execute 2500 kilograms of decomposed manures, 25 kilograms of superphosphate, 100 kilograms of ash, 50 kilograms of composite fertilizers, 50 kilograms in lime for every mu.Adopt the field planting of high ridge single file, row spacing 3m, and at ridge central authorities field planting district covering black mulch film, to improve ground temperature, anti-weed encroachment.
3, field planting
When seedling reaches 5 true leaves by spacing in the rows 45~60cm punching field planting melon seedling in the plantation ditch, 1.2 meters of spacing in the rows, mu is planted approximately 400 strains.Drench sufficient normal root water after the field planting.
4, pinching training
Adopt single climing training type, the side shoot of in time erasing, and branches and tendrils are put in order, do not make its overlapping being staggered.Adopt two climing training types, plantation density should reduce by half, and carries out pinching when 3 true leaves of seedbed phase seedling age, and pinching is crossed the climing pumping of slow son and also postponed, and also postpones harvest time simultaneously.The climing length of group when the 20cm left and right sides, the robust growth of selecting and remain is consistent sub climing 2, simultaneously with son climing really axillalry bud of the following joint pumping of joint (about 8 joints) in time erase.The arrangement of branches and tendrils in the ridge should be reasonable, when extending to the left side, ridge such as the 1st branches and tendrils, should make the 2nd branches and tendrils to the elongation of right side, ridge, the like.But place mat straw, wheat straw etc. when the climing long 60cm left and right sides.
5, topdress and water
Throughout the growing season carry out altogether topdressing for 2 times, the 1st inferior to the 1st the fruit bear fruit after, impose in the both sides, ridge.The 2nd imposes in complicated and confused tip position inferior to the 1st fruit harvest time, and each consumption is fertile each the 3~4kg of N, K, topdresses in time to water afterwards at every turn.The pumpkin branches and leaves are luxuriant, and evaporation discharge is large, so the growing period water requirement is larger.Water 1 time seedling recovering water after the field planting 1 week, promote shoot and leaf growth; Water swollen fruit water after bearing fruit 1 time.According to climate condition, suitably water later on, guarantee fruit development, after fruit is fully grown up, suitably control water, promote the fruit dry-matter accumulation, improve the pumpkin quality.
6, bear fruit and adjust
Single climing training the 1st fruit bears fruit the joint position at 15 joints, and the 2nd fruit is about 20 joints.Two climing trainings the 1st fruit joint position is at 8~10 joints, and the 2nd fruit is at 15 joints.Concrete operations can suitably be adjusted according to the plant growing way.Adopt artificial pollination or HORMONE TREATMENT, can improve fruit-setting rate and can adjust flexibly the joint position of bearing fruit.After bearing fruit in 10~15 days young fruit very easily injured, the branches and tendrils around this moment not mobile young fruit.Crust was understood yellow, is also easily grown disease when fruit was directly on mulch film or ground in addition, therefore, added heelpiece after bearing fruit and can avoid above-mentioned shortcoming, and make the fruit face colouring even, beautiful appearance.
7, the extermination of disease and insect pest
The main diseases insect pest of Chinese chestnut pumpkin has aphid, tetranychid and leaf spot, powdery mildew etc.Aphid, tetranychid prevent and treat with 1500~2000 times of liquid such as 800~1000 times of liquid of " dichlorvos " emulsion, " the A Wei worm is clear "; Leaf spot, powdery mildew are prevented and treated with 1000 times of liquid such as " tpn ", " thiophanate methyls ", notice that blade back sprays.
8, results
The Chinese chestnut pumpkin was beared fruit rear about 40~45 days, and it is yellow that pulp is fully, and seed has also enriched, and can gather in the crops this moment
Technique effect
Technique effect of the present invention is, adopts technique scheme, can realize a kind of cultivation method of Chinese chestnut pumpkin, and the method can save the output that improves pumpkin and pre-preventing disease and pest
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the invention will be further described.
1, seeding and seedling raising
Spring sowing is general carries out feeding block seedlings raising in the mid-March in every year in booth, rear earthing 0.5cm is broadcast in 1 of every alms bowl sowing, waters permeable rear covering with plastic film insulation to emerging.Temperature rests in 25~30 ℃, and the rear suitable cooling of emerging is controlled at 20~25 ℃.Autumn sowing is that mid-July is to early August.Seed was shone first 2~3 hours, then be placed in 55 ℃ of warm water sterilization 15 minutes, soaked 3~4 hours with clear water, the mucus on the flush away seed is wrapped with wet cloth and to be placed 25~30 ℃ of lower vernalization, can sow after most of seed shows money or valuables one carries unintentionally.
2, site preparation and fertilization
Before field planting, level land, dig the plantation ditch, furrow width, dark each 60 centimetres, adjacent two plantation ditches are apart from 1.4 meters.In the plantation ditch, use sufficient base manure, execute 2500 kilograms of decomposed manures, 25 kilograms of superphosphate, 100 kilograms of ash, 50 kilograms of composite fertilizers, 50 kilograms in lime for every mu.Adopt the field planting of high ridge single file, row spacing 3m, and at ridge central authorities field planting district covering black mulch film, to improve ground temperature, anti-weed encroachment.
3, field planting
When reaching 5 true leaves, seedling by spacing in the rows 45~60cm punching field planting melon seedling in the plantation ditch, drenches sufficient normal root water after the field planting.
4, pinching training
Adopt single climing training type, the side shoot of in time erasing, and branches and tendrils are put in order, do not make its overlapping being staggered.Adopt two climing training types, plantation density should reduce by half, and carries out pinching when 3 true leaves of seedbed phase seedling age, and pinching is crossed the climing pumping of slow son and also postponed, and also postpones harvest time simultaneously.
5, topdress and water
Throughout the growing season carry out altogether topdressing for 2 times, the 1st inferior to the 1st the fruit bear fruit after, impose in the both sides, ridge.The 2nd imposes in complicated and confused tip position inferior to the 1st fruit harvest time, and each consumption is fertile each the 3~4kg of N, K, topdresses in time to water afterwards at every turn.
6, bear fruit and adjust
Single climing training the 1st fruit bears fruit the joint position at 15 joints, and the 2nd fruit is about 20 joints.Two climing trainings the 1st fruit joint position is at 8~10 joints, and the 2nd fruit is at 15 joints.Concrete operations can suitably be adjusted according to the plant growing way.Adopt artificial pollination or HORMONE TREATMENT, can improve fruit-setting rate and can adjust flexibly the joint position of bearing fruit.After bearing fruit in 10~15 days young fruit very easily injured, the branches and tendrils around this moment not mobile young fruit.
7, the extermination of disease and insect pest
The main diseases insect pest has aphid, tetranychid and leaf spot, powdery mildew etc.Aphid, tetranychid prevent and treat with 1500~2000 times of liquid such as 800~1000 times of liquid of " dichlorvos " emulsion, " the A Wei worm is clear "; Leaf spot, powdery mildew are prevented and treated with 1000 times of liquid such as " tpn ", " thiophanate methyls ", notice that blade back sprays.
8, results
The Chinese chestnut pumpkin was beared fruit rear about 40~45 days, and it is yellow that pulp is fully, and seed has also enriched, and can gather in the crops this moment.

Claims (1)

1. the culture technique of a Chinese chestnut pumpkin is characterized in: seeding and seedling raising, site preparation and fertilization, field planting, pinching training, topdress and water, bear fruit and adjustment, the extermination of disease and insect pest, the technical process of gathering:
Seeding and seedling raising
The general employing of sowing in spring grown seedlings with protecting, and autumn sowing can be live.Spring sowing is general carries out feeding block seedlings raising in the mid-March in every year in booth, rear earthing 0.5cm is broadcast in 1 of every alms bowl sowing, waters permeable rear covering with plastic film insulation to emerging.Temperature rests in 25~30 ℃, and the rear suitable cooling of emerging is controlled at 20~25 ℃.More than every mu of standby seedling 600 strains in production field, the front 1 week control of field planting water improves seedling resistance.Autumn sowing is that mid-July is to early August.Seed was shone first 2~3 hours, then be placed in 55 ℃ of warm water sterilization 15 minutes, soaked 3~4 hours with clear water, the mucus on the flush away seed is wrapped with wet cloth and to be placed 25~30 ℃ of lower vernalization, can sow after most of seed shows money or valuables one carries unintentionally.
Site preparation and fertilization
The Chinese chestnut pumpkin answers selective light to plant according to plot sufficient, that be difficult for ponding, fertile soil.Before field planting, level land, dig the plantation ditch, furrow width, dark each 60 centimetres, adjacent two plantation ditches are apart from 1.4 meters.In the plantation ditch, use sufficient base manure, execute 2500 kilograms of decomposed manures, 25 kilograms of superphosphate, 100 kilograms of ash, 50 kilograms of composite fertilizers, 50 kilograms in lime for every mu.Adopt the field planting of high ridge single file, row spacing 3m, and at ridge central authorities field planting district covering black mulch film, to improve ground temperature, anti-weed encroachment.
Field planting
When seedling reaches 5 true leaves by spacing in the rows 45~60cm punching field planting melon seedling in the plantation ditch, 1.2 meters of spacing in the rows, mu is planted approximately 400 strains.Drench sufficient normal root water after the field planting.
The pinching training
Adopt single climing training type, the side shoot of in time erasing, and branches and tendrils are put in order, do not make its overlapping being staggered.Adopt two climing training types, plantation density should reduce by half, and carries out pinching when 3 true leaves of seedbed phase seedling age, and pinching is crossed the climing pumping of slow son and also postponed, and also postpones harvest time simultaneously.The climing length of group when the 20cm left and right sides, the robust growth of selecting and remain is consistent sub climing 2, simultaneously with son climing really axillalry bud of the following joint pumping of joint (about 8 joints) in time erase.The arrangement of branches and tendrils in the ridge should be reasonable, when extending to the left side, ridge such as the 1st branches and tendrils, should make the 2nd branches and tendrils to the elongation of right side, ridge, the like.But place mat straw, wheat straw etc. when the climing long 60cm left and right sides.
Topdress and water
Throughout the growing season carry out altogether topdressing for 2 times, the 1st inferior to the 1st the fruit bear fruit after, impose in the both sides, ridge.The 2nd imposes in complicated and confused tip position inferior to the 1st fruit harvest time, and each consumption is fertile each the 3~4kg of N, K, topdresses in time to water afterwards at every turn.The pumpkin branches and leaves are luxuriant, and evaporation discharge is large, so the growing period water requirement is larger.Water 1 time seedling recovering water after the field planting 1 week, promote shoot and leaf growth; Water swollen fruit water after bearing fruit 1 time.According to climate condition, suitably water later on, guarantee fruit development, after fruit is fully grown up, suitably control water, promote the fruit dry-matter accumulation, improve the pumpkin quality.
Bear fruit and adjust
Single climing training the 1st fruit bears fruit the joint position at 15 joints, and the 2nd fruit is about 20 joints.Two climing trainings the 1st fruit joint position is at 8~10 joints, and the 2nd fruit is at 15 joints.Concrete operations can suitably be adjusted according to the plant growing way.Adopt artificial pollination or HORMONE TREATMENT, can improve fruit-setting rate and can adjust flexibly the joint position of bearing fruit.After bearing fruit in 10~15 days young fruit very easily injured, the branches and tendrils around this moment not mobile young fruit.Crust was understood yellow, is also easily grown disease when fruit was directly on mulch film or ground in addition, therefore, added heelpiece after bearing fruit and can avoid above-mentioned shortcoming, and make the fruit face colouring even, beautiful appearance.
The extermination of disease and insect pest
The main diseases insect pest of Chinese chestnut pumpkin has aphid, tetranychid and leaf spot, powdery mildew etc.Aphid, tetranychid prevent and treat with 1500~2000 times of liquid such as 800~1000 times of liquid of " dichlorvos " emulsion, " the A Wei worm is clear "; Leaf spot, powdery mildew are prevented and treated with 1000 times of liquid such as " tpn ", " thiophanate methyls ", notice that blade back sprays.
Results
The Chinese chestnut pumpkin was beared fruit rear about 40~45 days, and it is yellow that pulp is fully, and seed has also enriched, and can gather in the crops this moment.
CN 201210174177 2012-05-22 2012-05-22 Technology for culturing chestnut pumpkin Pending CN102919009A (en)

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Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103168593A (en) * 2013-03-26 2013-06-26 张梦圆 Plastic-covered greenhouse pumpkin cultivation method
CN103416201A (en) * 2013-08-09 2013-12-04 镇江瑞繁农艺有限公司 Seedling culturing method for prompting earliness and high yield of cucurbita maxima
CN103477834A (en) * 2013-09-12 2014-01-01 江苏希旺农业科技有限公司 Mini pumpkin cultivation technique
CN104170691A (en) * 2014-08-29 2014-12-03 蒙毅嘉 Insect damage control method for pumpkins
CN104412811A (en) * 2013-08-28 2015-03-18 林天国 Seedling and transplanting method of Huanglang (a variety of pumpkin) pumpkin
CN104938167A (en) * 2014-03-27 2015-09-30 贵州远志佳明科技发展有限公司 Culturing method of non-shell pumpkins
CN105075778A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-11-25 王兵 Method for high-yield planting of castanea mollissima
CN105191624A (en) * 2015-09-10 2015-12-30 太仓市王秀粮食生产专业合作社 High-yield pumpkin planting method
CN105230319A (en) * 2015-11-05 2016-01-13 和县利民蔬菜种植专业合作社 High-yield planting method for pumpkins
CN105265304A (en) * 2014-07-30 2016-01-27 河北省农林科学院昌黎果树研究所 Chinese chestnut cross pollination method
CN105340512A (en) * 2015-09-30 2016-02-24 苏州市蔬菜研究所 Cultivation method for miniature pumpkins
CN105432277A (en) * 2015-07-17 2016-03-30 江苏省农业科学院 Cultivation method for huge pumpkins
CN106258314A (en) * 2016-07-29 2017-01-04 北海康维生态农业科技有限公司 The implantation methods of cashaw
CN106431562A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-22 宿州市埇桥区九里梦种植专业合作社 Preparation method for special fertilizer used for Beili pumpkin
CN108834778A (en) * 2018-05-29 2018-11-20 吉林省利泽生物科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of green pumpkin
CN111165280A (en) * 2020-01-14 2020-05-19 六安市叶集区吉鑫果蔬种植专业合作社 Planting method of pollution-free small pumpkins
CN111279997A (en) * 2020-04-08 2020-06-16 时创科技(青岛)股份有限公司 Large-scale high-yield high-efficiency cultivation mode for scallop and pumpkin in northern protected area

Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103168593A (en) * 2013-03-26 2013-06-26 张梦圆 Plastic-covered greenhouse pumpkin cultivation method
CN103416201A (en) * 2013-08-09 2013-12-04 镇江瑞繁农艺有限公司 Seedling culturing method for prompting earliness and high yield of cucurbita maxima
CN103416201B (en) * 2013-08-09 2015-08-19 镇江瑞繁农艺有限公司 A kind of seedling-cultivating method promoting western pumpkin precocity, high yield
CN104412811A (en) * 2013-08-28 2015-03-18 林天国 Seedling and transplanting method of Huanglang (a variety of pumpkin) pumpkin
CN103477834A (en) * 2013-09-12 2014-01-01 江苏希旺农业科技有限公司 Mini pumpkin cultivation technique
CN104938167A (en) * 2014-03-27 2015-09-30 贵州远志佳明科技发展有限公司 Culturing method of non-shell pumpkins
CN104938167B (en) * 2014-03-27 2018-05-25 贵州远志佳明科技发展有限公司 Cultural method without shell pumpkin
CN105265304B (en) * 2014-07-30 2017-08-01 河北省农林科学院昌黎果树研究所 A kind of Chinese chestnut hybridization pollination method
CN105265304A (en) * 2014-07-30 2016-01-27 河北省农林科学院昌黎果树研究所 Chinese chestnut cross pollination method
CN104170691A (en) * 2014-08-29 2014-12-03 蒙毅嘉 Insect damage control method for pumpkins
CN105432277A (en) * 2015-07-17 2016-03-30 江苏省农业科学院 Cultivation method for huge pumpkins
CN105432277B (en) * 2015-07-17 2018-10-26 江苏省农业科学院 A kind of cultural method of huge pumpkin
CN105075778A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-11-25 王兵 Method for high-yield planting of castanea mollissima
CN105075778B (en) * 2015-08-28 2018-01-30 大悟鸿源农业科技有限公司 The method of High Yield for Chinese Chestnut plantation
CN105191624A (en) * 2015-09-10 2015-12-30 太仓市王秀粮食生产专业合作社 High-yield pumpkin planting method
CN105340512A (en) * 2015-09-30 2016-02-24 苏州市蔬菜研究所 Cultivation method for miniature pumpkins
CN105230319A (en) * 2015-11-05 2016-01-13 和县利民蔬菜种植专业合作社 High-yield planting method for pumpkins
CN106258314A (en) * 2016-07-29 2017-01-04 北海康维生态农业科技有限公司 The implantation methods of cashaw
CN106431562A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-22 宿州市埇桥区九里梦种植专业合作社 Preparation method for special fertilizer used for Beili pumpkin
CN108834778A (en) * 2018-05-29 2018-11-20 吉林省利泽生物科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of green pumpkin
CN111165280A (en) * 2020-01-14 2020-05-19 六安市叶集区吉鑫果蔬种植专业合作社 Planting method of pollution-free small pumpkins
CN111279997A (en) * 2020-04-08 2020-06-16 时创科技(青岛)股份有限公司 Large-scale high-yield high-efficiency cultivation mode for scallop and pumpkin in northern protected area

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Application publication date: 20130213