CN106638296B - The hanging method and suspension arm component of a kind of bridge detecting device - Google Patents

The hanging method and suspension arm component of a kind of bridge detecting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106638296B
CN106638296B CN201610884520.2A CN201610884520A CN106638296B CN 106638296 B CN106638296 B CN 106638296B CN 201610884520 A CN201610884520 A CN 201610884520A CN 106638296 B CN106638296 B CN 106638296B
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China
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suspension arm
bridge
arm component
machinery
hydraulic pressure
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CN106638296A (en
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罗雀林
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ZHUZHOU NATIONAL RAILWAY INDUSTRIAL Co Ltd
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ZHUZHOU NATIONAL RAILWAY INDUSTRIAL Co Ltd
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01DCONSTRUCTION OF BRIDGES, ELEVATED ROADWAYS OR VIADUCTS; ASSEMBLY OF BRIDGES
    • E01D19/00Structural or constructional details of bridges
    • E01D19/10Railings; Protectors against smoke or gases, e.g. of locomotives; Maintenance travellers; Fastening of pipes or cables to bridges
    • E01D19/106Movable inspection or maintenance platforms, e.g. travelling scaffolding or vehicles specially designed to provide access to the undersides of bridges

Abstract

The present invention discloses the hanging method and suspension arm component of a kind of bridge detecting device,Wherein hanging method is when first to hang walking beam body,First control suspension arm component one moves from the gap insertion between two adjacent guardrails in the horizontal direction,Suspension arm component one is controlled vertically to move down again,So as to which suspension arm component one is placed on the upper surface on railroad bridge both sides bridge side,Detection beam body movement is controlled again,After detection beam body moves into place,Suspension arm component two is controlled to move in the horizontal direction from the gap insertion between two adjacent guardrails again,Suspension arm component two is controlled vertically to move down again,So as to which suspension arm component two is placed on the upper surface on railroad bridge both sides bridge side,Suspension arm component one is controlled vertically to move up again,Control suspension arm component one to move in the horizontal direction again to extract out from the gap between two adjacent guardrails,Walking beam body movement is controlled again,So alternately hang,Until complete detection operation.The present invention can carry out stabilizing suspended to bridge detecting device.

Description

The hanging method and suspension arm component of a kind of bridge detecting device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of method of work of bridge detecting device and bridge detecting device part, more particularly to a kind of bridge The hanging method and suspension arm component of beam detection means.
Background technology
The average value on China's high ferro Passenger dedicated railway Bridge the line is busy road is 53%, and wide pearl is intercity to be more up to 94.2%, by existing 1.3 ten thousand kilometers of circuit is calculated, China's high-speed rail bridge at least more than 5,000 kilometers.Carrier of the bridge as bullet train running track, To ensure the security of high ferro visitor's special line high-speed cruising, stationarity and the requirement of ride comfort, it is necessary to have high ride, High stability and high reliability.Due to the serious accident of traffic accident caused by bridge hidden danger, often car crash, therefore Constantly lift the detection, maintenance, the means and equipment of maintenance of railroad bridge, it appears more important and urgent.Therefore, railroad bridge Detection means requires the advantages such as good efficiency high, security, strong adaptability, power consumption be low, suitable for the pre- of railroad bridge Anti- property inspection and maintenance detection operation, and provide safety guarantee in each part of detection bridge for operator.
Domestic and international railroad bridge detection means can be categorized as bridge floor main line track walking type, bridge according to the method for operation substantially The special walking rails formula of spar-box web built-in fitting, pavement walking type and ground cross-country.
(1), bridge floor main line track walking type bridge checking device
Bridge floor main line track walking type bridge checking device is using railway main line track as traveling track, and travel speed is fast, structure is steady Calmly, technology is more ripe, there is application both at home and abroad, such as the PALFINGER PB4 type railways bridge inspection vehicle of Austria, Xu Gongji Group's TJQJ13 railroad bridge detection operation cars and domestic golden hawk basket-hanging bridge-checking vehicle.
But traditional rail-mounted bridge-checking vehicle, either basket-hanging or truss-like, it is required for occupancy high ferro operation to lead to Road, therefore can only be run under the conditions of high ferro operation " skylight ", and high-speed railway running train density is big, it is desirable to punctuality rate is high, It is unpractical to open up " skylight ", and its Working mechanism protrudes horizontally up from circuit both sides, is limited by the vertical rod of circuit both sides, After completing an operating point, Working mechanism, which must be retracted to the state of reorganizing and outfit, which avoids vertical rod, could run to next operating point. Between two operating points, operating personnel must manipulate implement retractable repeatedly, and not only efficiency is low, and staff also holds very much Easily tired out, obviously the high speed with high-speed railway, efficient requirement are runed counter to for this.
(2), bridge box and beam web built-in fitting dedicated track walking type bridge checking device
Bridge box and beam web built-in fitting dedicated track walking type bridge checking device using bridge both sides dedicated track as traveling track, Bridge machinery operation can be carried out with manpower or driven by power, technology maturation, Stability Analysis of Structures, there is Wuhan Zhong Tie Ke Gong groups machine the country The range of models Biodge device such as JCP, JCF, JCG of Co., Ltd of tool designing institute, the new bridge machinery such as generous DQJ95/21 types in Zhengzhou Car.But the built-in fitting of the Biodge device need at the beginning of Bridge Design will design arrangement, it is pre-buried solid in bridge web during beam processed Determine the built-in fitting of track support, and need the built-in fitting, track and track support quantity that set more, as bridge machinery master The detection means of body accounts for holistic cost and selling price ratio is smaller, and installation risk is larger, and totle drilling cost is higher.
(3), pavement walking type bridge checking device
For pavement walking type bridge checking device using the pavement of railroad bridge both sides to walk row of channels, at home and abroad having should With such as desk-top bridge-checking vehicle of German MOOG companies MBS90 types sidewalk traveling.Optimization is carried out in high-speed railway bridge in 2008 in China After design, the traffic safety of bullet train is considered, during train operation, do not allow personnel and miscellaneous equipment to pass through on bridge floor, contact Net pillar is arranged on the outside of pavement, therefore pavement walking type bridge checking device has not been suitable for present domestic high-speed rail bridge.
(4), ground cross-country bridge checking device
Ground cross-country bridge checking device runs on ground sidewalk or field meadow under bridge, is implemented by foldable arm rack hanging basket Closely bridge machinery and maintenance, at home, Xu works group have developed such a Biodge device.Ground cross-country bridge checking device is uncomfortable The region that can not be run for traffic above-ground limitation, such as:Rivers, mountain area etc., applicable section is smaller, and by bridge height and ground The influence of topography is larger, and applicability is poor, and efficiency is low.
In view of the shortcomings that above-mentioned different types of rridges detection means, therefore, someone, devise self-contained bridge detecting device, such as Shen Please publication No. be CN102535333A, data of publication of application discloses a kind of from nose girder for the Chinese invention patent on July 4th, 2012 Formula bridge monitoring servicing machine, including driving nose girder and leading beam, driving nose girder can the traveling on leading beam, drive the side of nose girder Inspection platform bottom is provided with generating set and provides power, and the pier retractor device of crossing of side inspection platform lower end controls bottom maintenance flat The avoidance bridge pier action of platform, and Construction and Maintenance can be formed with bottom inspection platform by the side inspection platform that steel ladder is connected and led to Road platform, leading beam and driving nose girder can be individually fixed on bridge, dominate beam and driving connection of the nose girder by guide wheel group And movement is realized by the driving of chain sprocket driving device, and the side inspection platform on driving nose girder and bottom maintenance are flat It is provided with platform according to bridge contour structures in horizontal, inclination or the detection trolley track of upright position, there is detection dolly thereon Reciprocal traveling carries out automatic detection and transmission detection record, and staff can be notified to carry out Construction and Maintenance when finding bridge defect Operation.
The operational method of self-guided beam type bridge monitoring overhauling machine in above-mentioned patent document is as follows:
A, leading the beam horizontal telescopic device and shield of self-guided beam type bridge monitoring overhauling machine are adjusted according to bridge width, and Shield is placed on the upper surface of bridge both sides, then adjusted by leading beam vertical-lifting device to suitable height, in bridge Both sides lower surface is fixed with leading beam vacuum cup system, leading beam is fixed on bridge to be detected;
B, using the guide wheel group and chain sprocket driving device for driving nose girder, driving nose girder is made to be walked on leading beam, until Stop motion behind the position to be detected of bridge, in the small track of detection being installed on side inspection platform and bottom inspection platform On road, the reciprocal traveling of detection dolly simultaneously carries out automatic detection and transmission detection record, gathers each regio defect of bridge, and stored up Deposit, analyze, determine defect property and type, to carry out maintenance activity;
C, when driving a certain position traveling of the nose girder from leading beam to front end, the driving nose girder on nose girder is now driven Vertical-lifting device will drive nose girder horizontal telescopic device and shield to stretch out and drop down onto on the upper surface of bridge both sides, while driving is led Beam vacuum cup system is adsorbed and is fixed on bridge, the safety of driving nose girder is fixed on bridge;
D, the fixation of the vacuum chuck device of leading beam is released, then utilizes the guide wheel group and chain wheel drive for driving nose girder The leading beam of device driving moves forward to fixed leading beam after next place Bridge position to be onstructed, repeats the above steps, you can real Existing bridge is worked continuously;
E, when bridge pier is run into, in the presence of the pier retractor device excessively of side inspection platform lower end is installed on, bottom Portion's inspection platform is separated to avoid bridge pier to both sides, by inspection platform closed reduction in bottom after bridge pier, forms maintenance and construction Operation path, detect trolley track automatic aligning.
F, above step is repeated, it is possible to achieve continuous bridge operation.
Bridge monitoring servicing machine in above-mentioned patent document is shield or driving nose girder using leading beam at work Shield is placed on the upper surface of bridge both sides, and leading beam or driving nose girder are hung with this, but in bridge both sides upper table Face is both provided with guardrail, therefore, the shield of leading beam or drive the shield of nose girder can be only put on the upper surface of bridge both sides and Position outside guardrail(As shown in the accompanying drawing 1 in patent document), so, dominate the shield of beam or drive the shield of nose girder It is small with the contact area of bridge both sides upper surface, at work, because leading beam and driving nose girder are suspended from height in the air, and it is high Aerial environment is complicated, and therefore, the potential safety hazard for so carrying out work high above the ground is very big.
To sum up, the hanging method and suspension arm component of a kind of bridge detecting device how are designed, can be to bridge machinery Device carries out firm suspension, and it is the technical problem for being badly in need of solving to ensure safety of the bridge detecting device in high aerial work.
The content of the invention
The technical problems to be solved by the invention are for defect present in prior art, there is provided a kind of bridge machinery dress The hanging method and suspension arm component put, it can carry out firm suspension to bridge detecting device, ensure that bridge detecting device Safety in high aerial work.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution used in the present invention is:A kind of suspension side of bridge detecting device Method, bridge detecting device therein include left and right Liang Ge bridge machineries mechanism, left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism Include the walking beam body set along railroad bridge length direction and the detection beam body being socketed in walking beam body, in walking beam body Drive mechanism one is provided between detection beam body, is fixed when any one beam body in will walk beam body and detection beam body is hung When on railroad bridge, in the presence of drive mechanism one, another beam body can exist along by a fixed beam body of suspension Moved on railroad bridge length direction, the suspension arm component being suspended on railroad bridge is provided with the top of walking beam body One, the suspension arm component two for being suspended on railroad bridge is provided with the top of detection beam body, hangs the He of arm component one Hanging arm component two can in the horizontal direction come, move back and move, and also can vertically move up and down;
The hanging method is when needs first hang the walking beam body of left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism When on railroad bridge, left bridge machinery mechanism and the suspension arm component one of right bridge machinery mechanism is first controlled to move in the horizontal direction The dynamic gap insertion between two adjacent guardrails, then control the suspension arm of left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism Component one vertically moves down, so as to which the suspension arm component one of left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism is placed in into railway bridge On the upper surface on beam both sides bridge side, the walking beam body of left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism is hung, then controls The drive mechanism one of Zhi Zuo bridge machineries mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism drives left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery machine After the detection beam body of the detection beam body movement of structure, left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism moves into place, then control a left side The suspension arm component two of bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism moves between two adjacent guardrails in the horizontal direction Gap insertion, then control left bridge machinery mechanism and the suspension arm component two of right bridge machinery mechanism vertically to move down, so as to The suspension arm component two of left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism is placed on the upper surface on railroad bridge both sides bridge side, The detection beam body of left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism is suspended on railroad bridge, then controls left bridge machinery machine Structure and the suspension arm component one of right bridge machinery mechanism vertically move up, so as to by left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery machine The suspension arm component one of structure and the upper surface on railroad bridge both sides bridge side separate, then control left bridge machinery mechanism and You Qiao The suspension arm component one of beam testing agency moves in the horizontal direction to be extracted out from the gap between two adjacent guardrails, then controls a left side The drive mechanism one of bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism drives left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism Beam body of walking movement, so alternately hangs, until completing detection operation
Or
When needing the detection beam body of left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism being suspended on railroad bridge, first The suspension arm component two of left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism is controlled to move in the horizontal direction from two adjacent shields Gap insertion between column, then under controlling the suspension arm component two of left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism vertically Move, so as to which the suspension arm component two of left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism is placed in into the upper of railroad bridge both sides bridge side On surface, the detection beam body of left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism is hung, then controls left bridge machinery machine The drive mechanism one of structure and right bridge machinery mechanism drives the walking beam body of left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism to move It is dynamic, after the walking beam body of left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism moves into place, then control left bridge machinery mechanism and The suspension arm component one of right bridge machinery mechanism moves from the gap insertion between two adjacent guardrails in the horizontal direction, then controls The suspension arm component one of Zhi Zuo bridge machineries mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism vertically moves down, so as to by left bridge machinery mechanism It is placed in the suspension arm component one of right bridge machinery mechanism on the upper surface on railroad bridge both sides bridge side, to left bridge machinery mechanism Hung with the walking beam body of right bridge machinery mechanism, then control the suspension of left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism Arm component two vertically moves up, so as to by the suspension arm component two and railway bridge of left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism The upper surface on beam both sides bridge side separates, then controls the suspension arm component two of left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism Move and extracted out from the gap between two adjacent guardrails in the horizontal direction, then control left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery The drive mechanism one of mechanism drives the detection beam body of left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism to move, so alternately outstanding Hang, until completing detection operation.
Preferably, the suspension arm component one and suspension arm component two include hydraulic pressure moving platform, are arranged on hydraulic pressure moving platform Hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly and the suspension arm body that is arranged on the piston rod of hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly;Suspension can be driven by hydraulic pressure moving platform action Arm body comes, moves back and move in the horizontal direction, is acted by the piston rod of hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly, suspension arm body can be driven vertically upper and lower It is mobile;The hydraulic pressure moving platform of suspension arm component one is arranged in walking beam body, and the hydraulic pressure moving platform of suspension arm component two is arranged on detection In beam body;
When the advanced row suspension of beam body of walking, it is the hydraulic pressure moving platform action of first control suspension arm component one, drives suspension arm The suspension arm body of component one is from the gap insertion between two adjacent guardrails, then controls the hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly of suspension arm component one Action, drive the suspension arm body of suspension arm component one to move down and the suspension arm body for hanging arm component one is placed in railroad bridge both sides bridge On the upper surface on side, walking beam body is fixed, then controls drive mechanism one to drive detection beam body movement, detection beam body movement After in place, then the hydraulic pressure moving platform action of suspension arm component two is controlled, drive the suspension arm body of suspension arm component two from adjacent two Gap insertion between root guardrail, then the hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly action of suspension arm component two is controlled, drive the outstanding of suspension arm component two Upper arm body, which moves down, is placed in the suspension arm body for hanging arm component two on the upper surface on railroad bridge both sides bridge side, and detection beam body is entered Row suspension, then the hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly action of suspension arm component one is controlled, drive the suspension arm body of suspension arm component one to move up, so as to The suspension arm body for hanging arm component one and the upper surface on railroad bridge both sides bridge side are separated, then control suspension arm component one Hydraulic pressure moving platform action, drive suspension arm component one the movement of suspension arm body between two adjacent guardrails gap extract out, Control drive mechanism one to drive walking beam body movement again, so alternately hang, until completing detection operation;
Or
When detection beam body is first hung, it is the hydraulic pressure moving platform action of first control suspension arm component two, drives suspension arm The suspension arm body of component two is from the gap insertion between two adjacent guardrails, then controls the hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly of suspension arm component two Action, drive the suspension arm body of suspension arm component two to move down and the suspension arm body for hanging arm component two is placed in railroad bridge both sides bridge On the upper surface on side, detection beam body is hung, then controls drive mechanism one to drive walking beam body movement, walking beam body movement After in place, then the hydraulic pressure moving platform action of suspension arm component one is controlled, drive the suspension arm body of suspension arm component one from adjacent two Gap insertion between root guardrail, then the hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly action of suspension arm component one is controlled, drive the outstanding of suspension arm component one Upper arm body, which moves down, is placed in the suspension arm body for hanging arm component one on the upper surface on railroad bridge both sides bridge side, and walking beam body is entered Row suspension, then the hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly action of suspension arm component two is controlled, drive the suspension arm body of suspension arm component two to move up, so as to The suspension arm body for hanging arm component two and the upper surface on railroad bridge both sides bridge side are separated, then control suspension arm component two Hydraulic pressure moving platform action, drive suspension arm component two the movement of suspension arm body between two adjacent guardrails gap extract out, Control drive mechanism one to drive detection beam body movement again, so alternately hang, until completing detection operation.
Preferably, anti-dropout wheel is additionally provided with one end end of the suspension arm body of insertion guardrail, in suspension arm body Portion is provided with rotation motor, exports Axial and radial along rotation motor and is provided with connecting rod on the side face of rotation motor output shaft, prevents The wheel that comes off is rotatably connected on one end of connecting rod by bearing, when rotation motor acts, can drive anti-dropout wheel around rotation Motor output shaft rotates;
When suspension arm component one suspension arm body or hang arm component two suspension arm body insert adjacent two guardrails it Between gap after, by rotation motor act drive anti-dropout wheel surround rotation motor output shaft rotation so that anti-dropout wheel position In the inside portion position on railroad bridge both sides bridge side, be in contact using anti-dropout wheel with the inside portion on railroad bridge both sides bridge side come Effectively prevent suspension arm from falling off;
When the suspension arm body of suspension arm component one or the suspension arm body of suspension arm component two are between two adjacent guardrails Gap extract out when, first control rotation motor action drive anti-dropout wheel rotated backward around rotation motor output shaft so that prevent Come off gap of the wheel between two adjacent guardrails, then by the suspension arm body for hanging arm component one or hangs arm component two Suspension arm body is extracted out from the gap between two adjacent guardrails.
Preferably, it is additionally provided with force sensor on one end end of the suspension arm body of insertion guardrail;
When walking beam body or detection beam body movement are not in place, hang arm component one or hang the suspension arm body of arm component two When the gap between two adjacent guardrails is inserted in one end end, force sensor and guardrail on one end end of suspension arm body It is in contact so as to send signal, now, control suspension arm component one or the hydraulic pressure moving platform stopping action for hanging arm component two so that Hang arm component one or hang the suspension arm body of arm component two and stop insertion, then control suspension arm component one or suspension arm body two Hydraulic pressure moving platform acts, and drives the suspension arm body reverse movement of suspension arm component one or suspension arm component two to return to original position, then pass through Drive mechanism one drives walking beam body or detection beam body movement, drives suspension arm component one or hangs the suspension arm body of arm component two The position in the gap being moved between two adjacent guardrails, then control suspension arm component one or hang the hydraulic pressure cunning of arm component two Platform acts, so as to drive one end end of the suspension arm body of suspension arm component one or suspension arm component two to insert two adjacent shields Gap between column.
Preferably, type leading wheel framework is additionally provided with hydraulic pressure moving platform;When the suspension arm body or outstanding of suspension arm component one After the suspension arm body of upper arm component two is inserted into the gap between two adjacent guardrails, the guiding turbine of arm component one is hung The type leading wheel framework of structure or suspension arm component two is in contact with the outside portion position on railroad bridge both sides bridge side.
Hanged invention additionally discloses a kind of use according to what the hanging method of bridge detecting device as described above was hung Upper arm component, the suspension arm component include being arranged on the suspension arm component one at the top of walking beam body and are arranged on detection beam body Suspension arm component two on top, the suspension arm component one and suspension arm component two include setting hydraulic pressure moving platform, are arranged on Hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly on hydraulic pressure moving platform and the suspension arm body being arranged on the piston rod of hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly;Acted by hydraulic pressure moving platform Suspension arm body can be driven to come in the horizontal direction, move back and move, acted by the piston rod of hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly, suspension arm body edge can be driven It is vertical to move up and down.
Preferably, anti-dropout wheel is additionally provided with one end end of suspension arm body, rotation is internally provided with suspension arm body Turn motor, export Axial and radial along rotation motor and connecting rod is provided with the side face of rotation motor output shaft, anti-dropout wheel passes through Bearing is rotatably connected on one end of connecting rod, when rotation motor acts, anti-dropout wheel can be driven to surround rotation motor output shaft Rotate.
Preferably, type leading wheel framework is additionally provided with hydraulic pressure moving platform;Suspension arm body or suspension when suspension arm component one After the suspension arm body of arm component two is inserted into the gap between two adjacent guardrails, the type leading wheel framework of arm component one is hung Or the type leading wheel framework of suspension arm component two is in contact with the outside portion position of railroad bridge side.
Preferably, the type leading wheel framework includes bottom plate, multiple connecting rods and sliding panel;Bottom plate is connected with hydraulic pressure moving platform, One end of multiple connecting rods and bottom plate are affixed, and the other end of multiple connecting rods can be along multiple connections through sliding panel and sliding panel Bar comes, return is dynamic;Position is socketed with stage clip in each connecting rod and between bottom plate and sliding panel, is set on sliding panel It is equipped with directive wheel.
Preferably, the stroke detection for detecting suspension arm body shift motion is provided with hydraulic pressure moving platform to switch.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:Using the present invention hanging method will walk beam body or detection beam body be suspended on iron When on road and bridge beam, the suspension arm component in beam body can insert rear-mounted in railway bridge from the gap between two adjacent guardrails Liang Shang, this hang can carry out firm suspension to bridge detecting device, significantly increase bridge detecting device in height Security during idle job.The method hung by using anticreep wheel and suspension arm mates, anti-dropout can be utilized Wheel avoids suspension arm body from falling off, and is further ensured that security, will not be influenceed again because of the wheel that comes off newly increased with rail collision Normal detection, ensure that being normally carried out for detection work.By set up the force sensor on the end of suspension arm body one end with The method that suspension arm mates are hung, avoid because walking beam body or detection beam body move not in place, the suspension of insertion The problem of arm body mutually collides with guardrail, further ensure being normally carried out for detection work.By setting type leading wheel framework, make Obtain in work is detected, the directive wheel of type leading wheel framework can be in contact with the outside portion position of railroad bridge side all the time, enter one Stationarity when step ensure that walking beam body or detect beam body movement.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the main structure diagram of Bridge detection means of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the left view structural representation of Bridge detection means of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the mplifying structure schematic diagram in A portions in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 be along Fig. 3 B to structural representation;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of type leading wheel framework in bridge detecting device of the present invention;
In figure:1. left bridge machinery mechanism, 2. right bridge machinery mechanisms, 3. railroad bridges, 4. walking beam bodies, 5. Detect beam body, 6. suspension arm components one, 7. suspension arm components two, the flexible beam body of 8. masters, 9. auxiliary telescopic beam bodies, 10. shields Column, 11. hydraulic pressure moving platforms, 12. hydraulic pressure cylinder assemblies, 13. suspension arm bodies, 14. anti-dropout wheels, 15. rotation motors, 151. rotations Turn motor output shaft, 16. connecting rods, 17. type leading wheel frameworks, 171. bottom plates, 172. connecting rods, 173. sliding panels, 174. Stage clip, 175. directive wheels, 176. guide rods, 18. nuts one, 19. nuts two.
Embodiment
Further details of elaboration is done to technical scheme with specific embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Embodiment:As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the present invention discloses a kind of bridge detecting device first includes left and right two bridges Testing agency, left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 include the walking set along the length direction of railroad bridge 3 Beam body 4 and the detection beam body 5 being socketed in walking beam body 4, drive mechanism is provided between walking beam body 4 and detection beam body 5 One, the suspension arm component 1 being suspended on railroad bridge is provided with the top of walking beam body 4, at the top of detection beam body 5 On be provided with suspension arm component 27 for being suspended on railroad bridge, beam body 4 and detected any in beam body 5 when that will walk When one beam body suspension is fixed on railroad bridge 3, in the presence of drive mechanism one, another beam body energy edge is hung A fixed beam body is moved on the length direction of railroad bridge 3, and main flexible beam body 8 is provided with the bottom of detection beam body 5, Auxiliary telescopic beam body 9 is provided with the bottom of walking beam body 4, main flexible beam body 8 and auxiliary telescopic beam body 9 are along railroad bridge 3 widths are set, and drive mechanism two are provided between main flexible beam body 8 and detection beam body 5, in the effect of drive mechanism two Under, the main flexible energy of beam body 8 comes on the width of railroad bridge 3 along detection beam body 5, moves back and move, so that left bridge machinery Flexible 8 moving contact close to each other of beam body of the master of the flexible beam body 8 of the master of mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery machine 2 links together or phase Mutually separated away from movement, be provided with auxiliary drive mechanism between auxiliary telescopic beam body 9 and walking beam body 4, driven in auxiliary In the presence of motivation structure, auxiliary telescopic beam body 9 can be come along walking beam body 4 on the width of railroad bridge 3, return is dynamic, so as to So that 9 movement close to each other of the auxiliary telescopic beam body 9 of left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and the auxiliary telescopic beam body of right bridge machinery machine 2 Contact links together or is located remotely from each other movement and separates;Generating set, hydraulic station group and the control of left bridge machinery mechanism Cabinet is arranged in the detection beam body of left bridge machinery mechanism, generating set, hydraulic station group and the switch board of right bridge machinery mechanism It is arranged in the detection beam body of right bridge machinery mechanism.In the present embodiment, drive mechanism one uses rack and pinion drive mechanism, Rack is arranged in walking beam body, is arranged on cogged hydraulic motor in detection beam body, by hydraulic motor come sliding tooth Rack-driving is taken turns, so that when any one beam body suspension in walking beam body and detection beam body is fixed on railroad bridge When, another beam body can move along by a fixed beam body of suspension on railroad bridge length direction.Drive mechanism two Rack and pinion drive mechanism is used with auxiliary drive mechanism, only the rack of drive mechanism two is arranged on main flexible beam body On, the cogged hydraulic motor of band of drive mechanism two is arranged in detection beam body, and the rack of auxiliary drive mechanism is arranged on auxiliary Help in flexible beam body, the cogged hydraulic motor of band of auxiliary drive mechanism is arranged in walking beam body.
The step of when bridge detecting device carries out automatic continuous operation between two bridge piers of railroad bridge is:
1), first control one 6 points of the suspension arm component of the walking beam body 4 of left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 It is not suspended on the both sides bridge side of railroad bridge 3 so that the walking beam body 4 of left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 It is suspended on railroad bridge 3, then controls the auxiliary drive mechanism of left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 to drive a left side The auxiliary telescopic beam body 9 of the walking beam body 4 of bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 moves so that left bridge machinery machine Contact is gradually drawn close in one end of auxiliary telescopic beam body 9 of structure 1 and one end of auxiliary telescopic beam body 9 of right bridge machinery mechanism 2, then will lean on Hold together one end of auxiliary telescopic beam body 9 of the left bridge machinery mechanism 1 to contact and the auxiliary telescopic beam of right bridge machinery mechanism 2 The one end of body 9 links together so that the walking beam body 4 of left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 forms one;
2), left bridge machinery mechanism driven by the drive mechanism two of left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 1 and master's beam body 8 of stretching of right bridge machinery mechanism 2 move so that the master of left bridge machinery mechanism 1 stretches the one end of beam body 8 and the right side The master of bridge machinery mechanism 2 gradually draws close contact in flexible one end of beam body 8, then will draw close the left bridge machinery mechanism to contact The flexible one end of beam body 8 of the master of the flexible one end of beam body 8 of 1 master and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 links together so that left bridge machinery The detection beam body 5 of mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 forms one;
3), left bridge machinery mechanism driven by the drive mechanism one of left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 1 and the detection beam body 5 of right bridge machinery mechanism 2 move railroad bridge detected;
Wherein, step 1)With step 2)Order in no particular order.
When the detection beam body 5 of left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 is from left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and You Qiao One end of the walking beam body 4 of beam testing agency 2 is moved to the walking beam body 4 of left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 Other end when, first control the suspension arm component 27 of the detection beam body 5 of left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 It is suspended on respectively on the both sides bridge side of railroad bridge 3 so that the detection beam of left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 Body 5 is suspended on railroad bridge 3, then controls the suspension of the walking beam body 4 of left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 Arm component 1 separates with railroad bridge 3, then passes through left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and the drive mechanism of right bridge machinery mechanism 2 One, drive left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and the walking beam body 4 of right bridge machinery mechanism 2 to move, after moving into place, then control left bridge The suspension arm component 1 of the walking beam body 4 of beam testing agency 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 is suspended on railroad bridge 3 so that The walking beam body 4 of left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 is suspended on railroad bridge 3, then controls left bridge machinery The suspension arm component 27 of the detection beam body 5 of mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 separates with railroad bridge 3, then passes through a left side The drive mechanism one of bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2, drive left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery machine The detection beam body 5 of structure 2 moves, so as to continue that railroad bridge is detected.
Therefore, the present invention discloses a kind of hanging method of bridge detecting device, the suspension arm component in bridge detecting device One 6 can in the horizontal direction come with suspension arm component 27, move back and move, and also can vertically move up and down;
The hanging method is when needs first hang the walking beam body 4 of left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 When hanging on railroad bridge 3, the suspension arm component 1 of left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 is first controlled along level Direction movement is from the gap insertion between two adjacent guardrails 10, then controls left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery machine The suspension arm component 1 of structure 2 vertically moves down, so as to by the suspension arm group of left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 Part 1 is placed on the upper surface on the both sides bridge side of railroad bridge 3, the walking to left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 Beam body 4 is hung, then controls the drive mechanism one of left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 to drive left bridge to examine The detection beam body 5 for surveying mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 moves, the inspection of left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 After survey beam body 5 moves into place, then the suspension arm component 27 of left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 is controlled along level Direction movement is from the gap insertion between two adjacent guardrails 10, then controls left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery machine The suspension arm component 27 of structure 2 vertically moves down, so as to by the suspension arm group of left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 Part 27 is placed on the upper surface on railroad bridge both sides bridge side, by the detection of left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 Beam body 5 is suspended on railroad bridge 3, then controls the suspension arm component 1 of left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 Vertically move up, so as to by 3 liang of the suspension arm component 1 of left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 and railroad bridge The upper surface on side bridge side separates, then controls the suspension arm component 1 of left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 Move and extracted out from the gap between two adjacent guardrails 10 in the horizontal direction, then control left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge The drive mechanism one of testing agency 2 drives left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and the walking beam body 4 of right bridge machinery mechanism 2 to move, so Alternately hang, until completing detection operation
Or
When the detection beam body 5 of left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 is suspended on railroad bridge 3 by needs When, first control the suspension arm component 27 of left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 to move in the horizontal direction from adjacent Two guardrails 10 between gap insertion, then control the suspension arm component of left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 27 vertically move down, so as to which the suspension arm component 27 of left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 is placed in into railway bridge On the upper surface on beam both sides bridge side, the detection beam body 5 of left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 is hung, then The drive mechanism one of left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 is controlled to drive left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge to examine The walking beam body 4 for surveying mechanism 2 moves, after the walking beam body 4 of left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 moves into place, The suspension arm component 1 of left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 is controlled to move in the horizontal direction from adjacent two again Gap insertion between root guardrail 10, then control the suspension arm component 1 of left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 Vertically move down, so as to which the suspension arm component 1 of left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 is placed in into railroad bridge On the upper surface on both sides bridge side, the walking beam body 4 of left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 is hung, then controls The suspension arm component 27 of Zhi Zuo bridge machineries mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 vertically moves up, so as to by left bridge machinery The suspension arm component 27 of mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 and the upper surface on the both sides bridge side of railroad bridge 3 separate, then control The suspension arm component 27 of Zhi Zuo bridge machineries mechanism 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 moves from two adjacent shields in the horizontal direction Gap between column 10 is extracted out, then controls left bridge machinery mechanism 1 and the drive mechanism one of right bridge machinery mechanism 2 to drive left bridge The detection beam body 5 of beam testing agency 1 and right bridge machinery mechanism 2 moves, and so alternately hangs, until completing detection operation.It is logical Above-mentioned hanging method is crossed, when walking beam body or detection beam body are suspended on railroad bridge, the suspension arm component in beam body can Rear-mounted is inserted on railroad bridge from the gap between two adjacent guardrails, and this hang can be to bridge detecting device Firm suspension is carried out, significantly increases security of the bridge detecting device in work high above the ground.
It is shown as shown in Figure 1, Figure 3 and Figure 4, it is described suspension arm component 1 and suspension arm component 27 include hydraulic pressure moving platform 11, The hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly 12 being arranged on hydraulic pressure moving platform 11 and the suspension arm body 13 being arranged on the piston rod of hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly 12;It is logical Crossing the action of hydraulic pressure moving platform 11 can drive suspension arm body 13 to come in the horizontal direction, move back and move, and pass through the piston rod of hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly 12 Action, can drive suspension arm body 13 vertically to move up and down;The hydraulic pressure moving platform 11 of suspension arm component 1 is arranged on walking beam body 4 On, the hydraulic pressure moving platform 11 of suspension arm component 28 is arranged in detection beam body 5;
When beam body 4 of walking first is hung, it is that the hydraulic pressure moving platform 11 of first control suspension arm component 1 acts, drives outstanding The suspension arm body 13 of upper arm component 1 is from the gap insertion between two adjacent guardrails 10, then controls suspension arm component 1 Hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly 12 acts, and drives the suspension arm body 13 of suspension arm component 1 to move down and will hang the suspension arm body 13 of arm component 1 It is placed on the upper surface on railroad bridge both sides bridge side, walking beam body 4 is hung, then controls drive mechanism one to drive detection beam Body 5 moves, and after detection beam body 5 moves into place, then controls the hydraulic pressure moving platform 11 of suspension arm component 27 to act, drives suspension arm group The suspension arm body 13 of part 27 is from the gap insertion between two adjacent guardrails 10, then controls the hydraulic cylinder of suspension arm component 27 Component 12 acts, and drives the suspension arm body 13 of suspension arm component 27 to move down and the suspension arm body 13 for hanging arm component 27 is placed in into iron On the upper surface on road and bridge beam both sides bridge side, detection beam body 5 is hung, then control the hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly of suspension arm component 1 12 actions, the suspension arm body 13 of suspension arm component 1 is driven to move up, so as to which the suspension arm body 13 and iron of arm component 1 will be hung The upper surface on road and bridge beam both sides bridge side separates, then controls the hydraulic pressure moving platform 11 of suspension arm component 1 to act, and drives suspension arm The suspension arm body 13 of component 1 moves to be extracted out from the gap between two adjacent guardrails 10, then controls drive mechanism one to drive Walking beam body 4 moves, and so alternately hangs, until completing detection operation;
Or
When detection beam body 5 is first hung, it is that the hydraulic pressure moving platform 11 of first control suspension arm component 27 acts, drives outstanding The suspension arm body 13 of upper arm component 27 is from the gap insertion between two adjacent guardrails 10, then controls suspension arm component 27 Hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly 12 acts, and drives the suspension arm body 13 of suspension arm component 27 to move down and will hang the suspension arm body 13 of arm component 27 It is placed on the upper surface on railroad bridge both sides bridge side, detection beam body 5 is hung, then control drive mechanism one to drive walking beam Body 4 moves, and after walking beam body 4 moves into place, then controls the hydraulic pressure moving platform 11 of suspension arm component 1 to act, drives suspension arm group The suspension arm body 13 of part 1 is from the gap insertion between two adjacent guardrails 10, then controls the hydraulic cylinder of suspension arm component 1 Component 12 acts, and drives the suspension arm body 13 of suspension arm component 1 to move down and the suspension arm body 13 for hanging arm component 1 is placed in into iron On the upper surface on road and bridge beam both sides bridge side, walking beam body 4 is hung, then control the hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly of suspension arm component 27 12 actions, the suspension arm body 13 of suspension arm component 27 is driven to move up, so as to which the suspension arm body 13 and iron of arm component 27 will be hung The upper surface on road and bridge beam both sides bridge side separates, then controls the hydraulic pressure moving platform action of suspension arm component 27, drives suspension arm group The suspension arm body 13 of part 27 moves to be extracted out from the gap between two adjacent guardrails 10, then controls drive mechanism one to drive inspection Survey beam body 5 to move, so alternately hang, until completing detection operation.
Anti-dropout wheel 14 is additionally provided with one end end of the suspension arm body 13 of insertion guardrail 10, in suspension arm body 13 Portion is provided with rotation motor 15, is provided with along the radial direction of rotation motor output shaft 151 and on the side face of rotation motor output shaft 151 Connecting rod 16, anti-dropout wheel 14 are rotatably connected on by bearing on one end of connecting rod 16, when rotation motor 15 acts, can be driven anti- The wheel 14 that comes off rotates around rotation motor output shaft 151, the length direction of suspension arm body 13 and the axle of rotation motor output shaft 151 Set to the width along railroad bridge 3;
When the suspension arm body 13 of suspension arm component 1 or the suspension arm body 13 of suspension arm component 27 insert adjacent two Behind gap between guardrail 10, acted by rotation motor 15 and drive anti-dropout wheel 14 to be rotated around rotation motor output shaft 151, So that anti-dropout wheel 14 is located at the inside portion position on railroad bridge both sides bridge side, anti-dropout wheel 14 and railroad bridge both sides bridge are utilized The inside portion on side is in contact effectively to prevent suspension arm from falling off;
When the suspension arm body 13 of suspension arm component 1 or the suspension arm body 13 of suspension arm component 27 protect from adjacent two When gap between column 10 is extracted out, the action of rotation motor 15 is first controlled to drive anti-dropout wheel 14 to surround rotation motor output shaft 151 Rotate backward so that gap of the anti-dropout wheel 14 between two adjacent guardrails 10, then the suspension that arm component 1 will be hung The suspension arm body 13 of arm body 13 or suspension arm component 27 is extracted out from the gap between two adjacent guardrails 10.Bridge machinery fills To put in work high above the ground, operating mode is complicated and in view of the particularity of operating mode, such as influence of the guardrail to normal detection work, therefore, Do not solve method well also in the prior art, and the present embodiment can avoid hanging by the above method using anti-dropout wheel Upper arm body is fallen off, and is further ensured that security, will not influence normal detection with rail collision because of the wheel that comes off newly increased again, It ensure that being normally carried out for detection work.
Force sensor is additionally provided with one end end of the suspension arm body 13 of insertion guardrail 10(Not shown in figure), such as Pressure sensor and load sensor etc.;
When walking beam body 4 or detection beam body 5 move not in place, suspension arm component 1 or the suspension arm for hanging arm component 27 When the gap between two adjacent guardrails 10 is inserted in one end end of body 13, the stress on one end end of suspension arm body 13 passes Sensor is in contact with guardrail 10 so as to send signal, now, control suspension arm component 1 or the hydraulic pressure cunning for hanging arm component 27 The stopping of platform 11 acts so that suspension arm component 1 or the stopping insertion of suspension arm body 13 for hanging arm component 27, then control suspension The hydraulic pressure moving platform 11 of arm component 1 or suspension arm component 27 acts, and drives suspension arm component 1 or hangs the outstanding of arm component 27 The reverse movement of upper arm body 13 returns to original position, then drives walking beam body 4 or detection beam body 5 to move by drive mechanism one, drives outstanding The position in the gap that the suspension arm body 13 of upper arm component 1 or suspension arm component 27 is moved between two adjacent guardrails 10, Suspension arm component 1 or the hydraulic pressure moving platform 11 of suspension arm component 27 is controlled to act again, so as to drive suspension arm component 1 or outstanding The gap that one end end of the suspension arm body 13 of upper arm component 27 is inserted between two adjacent guardrails 10.So avoid Because of the problem of walking beam body or detection beam body movement are not in place, and suspension arm body and the guardrail of insertion mutually collide, it is further ensured that Detection work is normally carried out.Herein, it is necessary to illustrate, in order to solve because of walking beam body or detection beam body movement Not in place, the suspension arm body of insertion asks solution with what guardrail mutually collided, and hydraulic pressure moving platform can also be arranged to hydraulic pressure cross slid platform, After the force sensor on one end end of suspension arm body is in contact so as to send signal with guardrail, in the beam body that is not movably walking Or in the case of detection beam body, directly moved by hydraulic pressure cross slid platform along railroad bridge length direction, so as to drive suspension arm After body is moved to the position in the gap between two adjacent guardrails, then carry out inserting suspension action.
As shown in Fig. 2, Fig. 3 and Fig. 5, type leading wheel framework 17 is additionally provided with hydraulic pressure moving platform 11;When suspension arm component One 6 suspension arm body 13 or the suspension arm body 13 of suspension arm component 27 are inserted into the gap between two adjacent guardrails 10 Afterwards, the type leading wheel framework 17 for hanging arm component 1 or the type leading wheel framework 17 for hanging arm component 27 and railroad bridge both sides bridge side Outside portion position be in contact.It is in contact using type leading wheel framework with the outside portion position on railroad bridge both sides bridge side so that OK Walk more steady when beam body or detection beam body movement.
As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, the suspension side invention additionally discloses a kind of use according to bridge detecting device as described above The suspension arm component that method is hung, the suspension arm component include the suspension arm component 1 being arranged on the top of walking beam body 4 With the suspension arm component 27 being arranged on the top of detection beam body 5, the suspension arm component 1 and suspension arm component 27 include Hydraulic pressure moving platform 11, the hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly 12 being arranged on hydraulic pressure moving platform 11 and it is arranged on outstanding on the piston rod of hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly 12 Upper arm body 13;By hydraulic pressure moving platform 11 action can drive suspension arm body 13 in the horizontal direction come, move back move, pass through hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly 12 piston rod action, can drive suspension arm body 13 vertically to move up and down;The hydraulic pressure moving platform 11 of suspension arm component 1 is set In walking beam body 4, the hydraulic pressure moving platform 11 of suspension arm component 27 is arranged in detection beam body 5.
As shown in Fig. 2, Fig. 3 and Fig. 5, the type leading wheel framework 17 includes bottom plate 171, multiple connecting rods 172 and sliding panel 173;Bottom plate 171 is connected with hydraulic pressure moving platform 11, and one end of multiple connecting rods 172 and bottom plate 171 are affixed, multiple connecting rods 172 Other end through sliding panel 173 and sliding panel 173 can along multiple connecting rods 172, return it is dynamic;In each connecting rod 172 And position is socketed with stage clip 174 between bottom plate 171 and sliding panel 173, directive wheel 175 is provided with sliding panel 173. In the present embodiment, directive wheel 175 is rotatably arranged on by bearing block on the one side of sliding panel 173, on other side face Be provided with guide rod 176, one end of guide rod 176 through bottom plate 171 and guide rod 176 can along bottom plate 171, return it is dynamic, even Extension bar 172 uses screw rod, and one end of connecting rod 172 is locked on bottom plate 171 using nut 1, in connecting rod 172 in addition One end is provided with nut 2 19, and nut 2 19 is in contact with the one side of sliding panel 173, by the use of nut two as limited block, prevents Sliding stop plate slides away from the other end of connecting rod.The side of railroad bridge is due to a variety of causes, it sometimes appear that height Uneven is concavo-convex, and the present embodiment uses the type leading wheel framework of said structure so that in work is detected, type leading wheel framework is led It can be in contact all the time with the outside portion position of railroad bridge side to wheel, further ensure walking beam body or detection beam body movement When stationarity.
The stroke detection for detecting suspension arm body shift motion is provided with hydraulic pressure moving platform 11 to switch(Do not show in figure Go out).When suspension arm body stretches not in place, stroke detection switch will send signal, so that walking beam body or detection beam Body is immovable, avoids the generation of security incident.
To sum up, using the present invention hanging method will walk beam body or detection beam body be suspended on railroad bridge when, beam body On suspension arm component can between two adjacent guardrails gap insert rear-mounted on railroad bridge, this suspension side Formula can carry out firm suspension to bridge detecting device, significantly increase safety of the bridge detecting device in work high above the ground Property.The method hung by using anticreep wheel and suspension arm mates, suspension arm body can be avoided using anti-dropout wheel Fall off, be further ensured that security, will not influence normal detection with rail collision because of the wheel that comes off newly increased again, ensure that Detection work is normally carried out.Entered by setting up the force sensor on the end of suspension arm body one end with suspension arm mates The method of row suspension, avoid because walking beam body or detection beam body movement are not in place, the suspension arm body of insertion mutually touches with guardrail The problem of hitting, further ensure being normally carried out for detection work.By setting type leading wheel framework so that in work is detected, The directive wheel of type leading wheel framework can be in contact with the outside portion position of railroad bridge side all the time, further ensure walking beam body Or stationarity during detection beam body movement.
Above example is used for illustrative purposes only, rather than limitation of the present invention, the technology people about technical field Member without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, can also make a variety of changes or convert, therefore all equivalent Technical scheme should also belong to protection scope of the present invention, and protection scope of the present invention should be limited by each claim.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of hanging method of bridge detecting device, bridge detecting device therein includes left and right Liang Ge bridge machineries mechanism, Left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism include the walking beam body set along railroad bridge length direction and are socketed in Walk beam body on detection beam body, walking beam body and detection beam body between be provided with drive mechanism one, when will walking beam body and When any one beam body suspension in detection beam body is fixed on railroad bridge, in the presence of drive mechanism one, another Beam body can move along by a fixed beam body of suspension on railroad bridge length direction, be set on the top of walking beam body There is the suspension arm component one being suspended on railroad bridge, be provided with the top of detection beam body for being suspended on railroad bridge Suspension arm component two, it is characterised in that:Suspension arm component one and suspension arm component two can in the horizontal direction come, move back and move, Also can vertically move up and down;
The hanging method is when the walking beam body of left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism is first suspended on iron by needs When on road and bridge beam, first control the suspension arm component one of left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism in the horizontal direction move from Gap insertion between two adjacent guardrails, then control the suspension arm component of left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism One vertically moves down, so as to which the suspension arm component one of left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism is placed in into railroad bridge two On the upper surface on side bridge side, the walking beam body of left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism is hung, then control a left side The drive mechanism one of bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism drives left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism After the detection beam body of detection beam body movement, left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism moves into place, then control left bridge The suspension arm component two of testing agency and right bridge machinery mechanism moves between two adjacent guardrails in the horizontal direction Gap is inserted, then controls left bridge machinery mechanism and the suspension arm component two of right bridge machinery mechanism vertically to move down, so as to by a left side The suspension arm component two of bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism is placed on the upper surface on railroad bridge both sides bridge side, by a left side The detection beam body of bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism is suspended on railroad bridge, then control left bridge machinery mechanism and The suspension arm component one of right bridge machinery mechanism vertically moves up, so as to by left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism Suspension arm component one and the upper surface on railroad bridge both sides bridge side separate, then control left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge to examine The suspension arm component one for surveying mechanism moves from the gap extraction between two adjacent guardrails in the horizontal direction, then controls left bridge The drive mechanism one of testing agency and right bridge machinery mechanism drives the walking of left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism Beam body moves, and so alternately hangs, until completing detection operation
Or
When needing the detection beam body of left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism being suspended on railroad bridge, first control The suspension arm component two of left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism move in the horizontal direction from two adjacent guardrails it Between gap insertion, then control left bridge machinery mechanism and the suspension arm component two of right bridge machinery mechanism vertically to move down, from And the suspension arm component two of left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism is placed in the upper surface on railroad bridge both sides bridge side On, the detection beam body of left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism is hung, then control left bridge machinery mechanism and The drive mechanism one of right bridge machinery mechanism drives the walking beam body of left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism to move, left After the walking beam body of bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism moves into place, then control left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge The suspension arm component one of testing agency moves from the gap insertion between two adjacent guardrails in the horizontal direction, then controls left bridge The suspension arm component one of beam testing agency and right bridge machinery mechanism vertically moves down, so as to by left bridge machinery mechanism and You Qiao The suspension arm component one of beam testing agency is placed on the upper surface on railroad bridge both sides bridge side, to left bridge machinery mechanism and You Qiao The walking beam body of beam testing agency is hung, then controls the suspension arm component of left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism Two vertically move up, so as to by the suspension arm component two of left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism and railroad bridge both sides The upper surface on bridge side separates, then controls the suspension arm component two of left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism along level Direction movement is extracted out from the gap between two adjacent guardrails, then controls left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism Drive mechanism one drives the detection beam body of left bridge machinery mechanism and right bridge machinery mechanism to move, and so alternately hangs, until Complete detection operation.
2. the hanging method of bridge detecting device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The suspension He of arm component one Suspension arm component two includes hydraulic pressure moving platform, the hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly being arranged on hydraulic pressure moving platform and the work for being arranged on hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly Suspension arm body on stopper rod;By hydraulic pressure moving platform action can drive suspension arm body in the horizontal direction come, move back move, pass through hydraulic cylinder The piston rod action of component, can drive suspension arm body vertically to move up and down;The hydraulic pressure moving platform of suspension arm component one, which is set, is expert at Walk in beam body, the hydraulic pressure moving platform of suspension arm component two is arranged in detection beam body;
When the advanced row suspension of beam body of walking, it is the hydraulic pressure moving platform action of first control suspension arm component one, drives suspension arm component One suspension arm body is from the gap insertion between two adjacent guardrails, then controls the hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly of suspension arm component one to move Make, drive the suspension arm body of suspension arm component one to move down and the suspension arm body for hanging arm component one is placed in railroad bridge both sides bridge side Upper surface on, to walking beam body be fixed, then control drive mechanism one drive detection beam body movement, detection beam body be moved to Behind position, then the hydraulic pressure moving platform action of suspension arm component two is controlled, drive the suspension arm body of suspension arm component two from adjacent two Gap insertion between guardrail, then the hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly action of suspension arm component two is controlled, drive the suspension of suspension arm component two Arm body, which moves down, is placed in the suspension arm body for hanging arm component two on the upper surface on railroad bridge both sides bridge side, and detection beam body is carried out Hang, then control the hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly action of suspension arm component one, drive the suspension arm body of suspension arm component one to move up, so that will The suspension arm body and the upper surface on railroad bridge both sides bridge side for hanging arm component one separate, then control suspension arm component one Hydraulic pressure moving platform acts, and drives the suspension arm body movement of suspension arm component one to be extracted out from the gap between two adjacent guardrails, then Control drive mechanism one to drive walking beam body movement, so alternately hang, until completing detection operation;
Or
When detection beam body is first hung, it is the hydraulic pressure moving platform action of first control suspension arm component two, drives and hang arm component Two suspension arm body is from the gap insertion between two adjacent guardrails, then controls the hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly of suspension arm component two to move Make, drive the suspension arm body of suspension arm component two to move down and the suspension arm body for hanging arm component two is placed in railroad bridge both sides bridge side Upper surface on, to detection beam body hang, then control drive mechanism one drive walking beam body movement, walking beam body be moved to Behind position, then the hydraulic pressure moving platform action of suspension arm component one is controlled, drive the suspension arm body of suspension arm component one from adjacent two Gap insertion between guardrail, then the hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly action of suspension arm component one is controlled, drive the suspension of suspension arm component one Arm body, which moves down, is placed in the suspension arm body for hanging arm component one on the upper surface on railroad bridge both sides bridge side, and walking beam body is carried out Hang, then control the hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly action of suspension arm component two, drive the suspension arm body of suspension arm component two to move up, so that will The suspension arm body and the upper surface on railroad bridge both sides bridge side for hanging arm component two separate, then control suspension arm component two Hydraulic pressure moving platform acts, and drives the suspension arm body movement of suspension arm component two to be extracted out from the gap between two adjacent guardrails, then Control drive mechanism one to drive detection beam body movement, so alternately hang, until completing detection operation.
3. the hanging method of bridge detecting device according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:In the suspension arm of insertion guardrail Anti-dropout wheel is additionally provided with one end end of body, rotation motor is internally provided with suspension arm body, along rotation motor output shaft Connecting rod is provided with radially and on the side face of rotation motor output shaft, anti-dropout wheel is rotatably connected on one end of connecting rod by bearing On, when rotation motor acts, anti-dropout wheel can be driven to surround rotation motor output shaft rotation;
Between the suspension arm body of suspension arm component one or the suspension arm body of suspension arm component two insert two adjacent guardrails Behind gap, acted by rotation motor and drive anti-dropout wheel to surround rotation motor output shaft rotation so that anti-dropout wheel is located at iron The inside portion position on road and bridge beam both sides bridge side, it is in contact using anti-dropout wheel with the inside portion on railroad bridge both sides bridge side come effectively Prevent suspension arm from falling off;
When the suspension arm body of suspension arm component one or the suspension arm body of suspension arm component two are between two adjacent guardrails When gap is extracted out, rotation motor action is first controlled to drive anti-dropout wheel to be rotated backward around rotation motor output shaft so that anti-dropout The gap between two adjacent guardrails is taken turns, then the suspension arm body of arm component one will be hung or hang the suspension of arm component two Arm body is extracted out from the gap between two adjacent guardrails.
4. the hanging method of bridge detecting device according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:In the suspension arm of insertion guardrail Force sensor is additionally provided with one end end of body;
When walking beam body or detection beam body move not in place, one end of the suspension arm body of suspension arm component one or suspension arm component two When the gap between two adjacent guardrails is inserted in end, the force sensor on one end end of suspension arm body connects with guardrail Touch so as to send signal, now, control suspension arm component one or the hydraulic pressure moving platform stopping action for hanging arm component two so that suspension Arm component one or the suspension arm body stopping insertion for hanging arm component two, then control the hydraulic pressure of suspension arm component one or suspension arm body two Slide unit acts, and drives the suspension arm body reverse movement of suspension arm component one or suspension arm component two to return to original position, then pass through driving Mechanism one drives walking beam body or detection beam body movement, drives suspension arm component one or hangs the suspension arm body movement of arm component two To the position in the gap between two adjacent guardrails, then suspension arm component one or the hydraulic pressure moving platform of suspension arm component two is controlled to move Make, so as to drive suspension arm component one or hang arm component two suspension arm body one end end insert adjacent two guardrails it Between gap.
5. the hanging method of bridge detecting device according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:Also set on hydraulic pressure moving platform It is equipped with type leading wheel framework;When the suspension arm body of suspension arm component one or the suspension arm body of suspension arm component two are inserted into adjacent two After in gap between root guardrail, hang the type leading wheel framework of arm component one or hang the type leading wheel framework and railway of arm component two The outside portion position on bridge both sides bridge side is in contact.
A kind of 6. hanging method of bridge detecting device of use according to any one claim in claim 1 to 5 The suspension arm component hung, the suspension arm component include being arranged on the suspension arm component one at the top of walking beam body and set Put the suspension arm component two at the top of detection beam body, it is characterised in that:The suspension arm component one and suspension arm component two are equal Including setting hydraulic pressure moving platform, the hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly being arranged on hydraulic pressure moving platform and being arranged on outstanding on the piston rod of hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly Upper arm body;By hydraulic pressure moving platform action can drive suspension arm body in the horizontal direction come, move back move, pass through the piston of hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly Bar is acted, and suspension arm body can be driven vertically to move up and down.
7. suspension arm component according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:It is additionally provided with one end end of suspension arm body Anti-dropout wheel, rotation motor is internally provided with suspension arm body, Axial and radial is exported and in rotation motor output shaft along rotation motor Side face on be provided with connecting rod, anti-dropout wheel is rotatably connected on one end of connecting rod by bearing, when rotation motor acts, energy Anti-dropout wheel is driven to surround rotation motor output shaft rotation.
8. suspension arm component according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:Guiding turbine is additionally provided with hydraulic pressure moving platform Structure;Between the suspension arm body of suspension arm component one or the suspension arm body of suspension arm component two are inserted into two adjacent guardrails After in gap, the type leading wheel framework for hanging arm component one or the type leading wheel framework and the railroad bridge side that hang arm component two it is outer Side locations are in contact.
9. suspension arm component according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:The type leading wheel framework includes bottom plate, Duo Gelian Extension bar and sliding panel;Bottom plate is connected with hydraulic pressure moving platform, and one end of multiple connecting rods and bottom plate are affixed, and other the one of multiple connecting rods End is through sliding panel and sliding panel can come along multiple connecting rods, return is moved;In each connecting rod and it is located at bottom plate and sliding panel Between position be socketed with stage clip, directive wheel is provided with sliding panel.
10. the suspension arm component according to any one claim in claim 6 to 9, it is characterised in that:Slided in hydraulic pressure The stroke detection for detecting suspension arm body shift motion is provided with platform to switch.
CN201610884520.2A 2016-10-11 2016-10-11 The hanging method and suspension arm component of a kind of bridge detecting device Active CN106638296B (en)

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JP2005133471A (en) * 2003-10-31 2005-05-26 Kyoryo Maintenance:Kk Inspection device for long attachment at lower face of bridge
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CN104294759A (en) * 2014-11-05 2015-01-21 中铁二院工程集团有限责任公司 Intelligent detection device for railway bridge
CN105178179A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-12-23 株洲国铁实业有限公司 Pier-bypassing railway bridge maintenance and detection method and device

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JP2005133471A (en) * 2003-10-31 2005-05-26 Kyoryo Maintenance:Kk Inspection device for long attachment at lower face of bridge
CN202543799U (en) * 2012-04-17 2012-11-21 湖北武大珞珈工程结构检测咨询有限公司 Hanging bracket hinging type bridge maintenance vehicle
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