CN106638219A - Ramped urban road of sponge city - Google Patents

Ramped urban road of sponge city Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106638219A
CN106638219A CN201611234143.4A CN201611234143A CN106638219A CN 106638219 A CN106638219 A CN 106638219A CN 201611234143 A CN201611234143 A CN 201611234143A CN 106638219 A CN106638219 A CN 106638219A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
garden
rain
rain garden
road
rainwater
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201611234143.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
莫峻
梁玳菲
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shenzhen Futian District Youth Science Education Association
Original Assignee
Shenzhen Futian District Youth Science Education Association
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shenzhen Futian District Youth Science Education Association filed Critical Shenzhen Futian District Youth Science Education Association
Priority to CN201611234143.4A priority Critical patent/CN106638219A/en
Publication of CN106638219A publication Critical patent/CN106638219A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C11/00Details of pavings
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C11/00Details of pavings
    • E01C11/22Gutters; Kerbs ; Surface drainage of streets, roads or like traffic areas
    • E01C11/224Surface drainage of streets
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C11/00Details of pavings
    • E01C11/22Gutters; Kerbs ; Surface drainage of streets, roads or like traffic areas
    • E01C11/224Surface drainage of streets
    • E01C11/227Gutters; Channels ; Roof drainage discharge ducts set in sidewalks
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F5/00Sewerage structures
    • E03F5/10Collecting-tanks; Equalising-tanks for regulating the run-off; Laying-up basins
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/60Planning or developing urban green infrastructure

Abstract

The invention relates to a ramped urban road of a sponge city, and belongs to the technical field of urban road construction. A glass planting ditch is formed in the middle off the road. First rainwater gardens are symmetrically arranged on the two sides of the road. Auxiliary lanes are arranged on the outer sides of the first rainwater gardens. Second rainwater gardens are arranged between the auxiliary lanes and sidewalks. Third rainwater gardens are arranged outside the sidewalks. Sunken greenbelts are arranged outside the third rainwater gardens. Water storage pools are arranged under the sunken greenbelts. The bottoms of the first rainwater gardens, the bottoms of the second rainwater gardens and the bottoms of the third rainwater gardens are connected with the water storage pools through overflow water inlet pipes. Drainage pipes are arranged on the outer sides of the water storage pools. Through natural terrains, too many underground pipelines do not need to be paved, ground surface construction can be conducted directly, laying of the underground pipelines is reduced, the ground does not need to be dug largely, the construction period is shortened, and the road improvement cost is greatly reduced; and maintaining and managing are simple, and compared with traditional lawn landscapes, the rainwater gardens can bring new landscape perception and visual perception to people.

Description

A kind of ramp type urban road in sponge city
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of ramp type urban road in sponge city, belongs to urban road construction technical field.
Background technology
Sponge city, is new generation of city storm water man- agement concept, refers to that city is adapting to environmental change and reply rainwater band The aspects such as the natural calamity come have good " elasticity ", also referred to as " water elasticity city ".International term is " low shadow Ring exploitation storm-water system to build ".Sponge urban construction should follow the principles such as Ecology Precedence, and natural way is mutually tied with artificial measures Close, on the premise of municipal drainage prevention waterlogging safety is guaranteed, realize rainwater in the accumulation of urban area, infiltration and net to greatest extent Change, promote the utilization and ecological environmental protection of rainwater resource.In sponge Process of Urban Development, natural precipitation, earth's surface should be planned as a whole The systematicness of water and underground water, coordinates each links of water circulation use such as feedwater, draining, and considers its complexity and chronicity.
Building sponge city will have " cavernous body ", and city " cavernous body " had both included the water systems such as river, lake, pond, also including green Ground, garden, city auxiliary facility as permeable road surface.Rainwater is by oozing under these " cavernous bodies ", stagnant storage, purification, reuse, Last remainder runoff, so as to effectively improve the standard of sewerage system, is extenuated in city by arranging outside pipe network, pumping plant The pressure of flood.
At present, people to the demand of water considerably beyond the Natural Circulation accretion rate of water body.Promote the use of rainwater etc. non- Conventional water and water saving facility are development trends.
Existing sponge urban road needs large-area construction when building, long in time limit, and low needs laying is a large amount of Water pipe, high cost.
The content of the invention
It is reasonable in design, apply present invention aims to the defect and deficiency of prior art, there is provided a kind of simple structure The ramp type urban road in the convenient sponge city of work.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution used in the present invention is:It comprising highway, grass planting ditch, the first Rain Garden, Auxiliary road, pavement, the second Rain Garden, the 3rd Rain Garden, sunk type greenery patches, overflow water inlet pipe, cistern and drainpipe;Institute The centre of the highway stated is provided with grass planting ditch;Described highway is symmetrically arranged on two with the first Rain Garden;The first described rainwater Auxiliary road is provided with the outside of garden;The second Rain Garden is provided between described auxiliary road and pavement;The outside on described pavement It is provided with the 3rd Rain Garden;Sunk type greenery patches is provided with the outside of the 3rd described Rain Garden;Under described sunk type greenery patches Side is provided with cistern;The bottom of described the first Rain Garden, the second Rain Garden and the 3rd Rain Garden passes through overflow water inlet Pipe is connected with cistern;Drainpipe is provided with the outside of described cistern.
Preferably, side and the right side in front and back of the first described Rain Garden are equipped with roadbed;Described roadbed it is interior Several piece baffle plate is provided with the left of side and the first Rain Garden;One piece of the left side water-stop sheet of the first described Rain Garden;And it is described Water-stop sheet be arranged on the inner side of baffle plate.
Preferably, the height of described roadbed is 0.25-0.35 rice;The height of described water-stop sheet is 0.1-0.3 rice; The height of described baffle plate is 0.45-0.55 rice.
Preferably, the length of the first described Rain Garden, the second Rain Garden, the 3rd Rain Garden is 8-10 rice; Width is 1.5-2.5 rice.
Preferably, the baffle plate is provided with water-stop sheet between ground, baffle plate, the height of water-stop sheet can be adjusted (0.1-0.3 rice), the height of water-stop sheet is that whole Rain Garden is minimum, and it determines the reservoir storage of whole Rain Garden.
Preferably, the first described Rain Garden, the second Rain Garden, the 3rd Rain Garden are parallel to ground, and Only in this way, Rain Garden could retaining;The drop of Rain Garden is determined by the gradient of road;Between Rain Garden and road Kerbstone gradient is consistent with road gradient.
Preferably, the bottom surface of the first described Rain Garden, the second Rain Garden, the 3rd Rain Garden for flat or Concave bottom;Concave bottom is in the inside radian of nature, and shape is as an inverted strip bread.Concave bottom can effectively improve the retaining of Rain Garden Ability.
Preferably, the first described Rain Garden, the second Rain Garden, the 3rd Rain Garden can be adopted as needed Knockdown Rain Garden.
The operation principle of the present invention:The rainwater of road enters Rain Garden by the perforate kerbstone of Rain Garden both sides, Rain Garden has been planted possesses filtration rainwater(Such as reed)With the plant of detergent power(Such as canna), possess the energy of purifying rainwater Power, rainwater is flow down by the Rain Garden of one-level one-level, has overfall in slope bottom, and rainwater can be entered by overfall Overflow water inlet pipe, enters back into underground conservation pool;Rain Garden is placed in slope section as terraced fields, and such rainwater can be detained In each Rain Garden, until Rain Garden is loaded with, rainwater can just overflow and enter next stage by water fender top Rain Garden, so can effectively be detained rainwater, and make rainwater infiltration enter underground, become underground water.
After said structure, the present invention has the beneficial effect that:A kind of ramp type city in sponge city of the present invention Road, by natural physical features, it is not necessary to lay too many underground piping, directly can build in earth's surface, reduce buried pipe Mat formation in road, it is not necessary to excavate vast geographical, the reduction of erection time, greatly save the cost of road reformation, and maintenance and management letter Single, compared with traditional lawn scenery, Rain Garden can give new landscape perception and visual experience.
Description of the drawings
In order to be illustrated more clearly that the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, below will be to embodiment or existing The accompanying drawing to be used needed for having technology description is briefly described, it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are only this Some embodiments of invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, without having to pay creative labor, may be used also To obtain other accompanying drawings according to these accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of the first Rain Garden in the present invention;
Fig. 3 is knockdown Rain Garden schematic diagram;
Description of reference numerals:
Highway 1, grass planting ditch 2, the first Rain Garden 3, auxiliary road 4, pavement 5, the second Rain Garden 6, the 3rd Rain Garden 7, under Heavy formula greenery patches 8, overflow water inlet pipe 9, cistern 10, drainpipe 11, roadbed 31, baffle plate 32, water-stop sheet 33.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings the present invention is further illustrated.
Referring to such as Fig. 1 -- shown in Fig. 3, this specific embodiment includes highway 1, grass planting ditch 2, the first Rain Garden 3, auxiliary road 4th, pavement 5, the second Rain Garden 6, the 3rd Rain Garden 7, sunk type greenery patches 8, overflow water inlet pipe 9, cistern 10 and draining Pipe 11;The centre of described highway 1 is provided with grass planting ditch 2;Described highway 1 is symmetrically arranged on two with the first Rain Garden 3;It is described The outside of the first Rain Garden 3 be provided with auxiliary road 4;The second Rain Garden 6 is provided between described auxiliary road 4 and pavement 5;It is described The outside on pavement 5 be provided with the 3rd Rain Garden 7;The outside of the 3rd described Rain Garden 7 is provided with sunk type greenery patches 8;Institute The lower section in the sunk type greenery patches 8 stated is provided with cistern 10;Described the first Rain Garden 3, the second Rain Garden 6 and the 3rd rainwater The bottom in garden 7 is connected by overflow water inlet pipe 9 with cistern 10;The outside of described cistern 10 is provided with drainpipe 11;Institute Side and right side are equipped with roadbed 31 before and after the first Rain Garden 3 stated;The inner side of described roadbed 31 and the first rainwater are spent Several piece baffle plate 32 is provided with the left of garden;One piece of the left side water-stop sheet 33 of the first described Rain Garden 3;And described water-stop sheet 33 It is arranged on the inner side of baffle plate 32.
Wherein, the height of described roadbed 31 is 0.25-0.35 rice;The height of described water-stop sheet 33 is 0.1-0.3 rice; The height of described baffle plate 32 is 0.45-0.55 rice;Described the first Rain Garden 3, the second Rain Garden 6, the 3rd rainwater flower The length in garden 7 is 8-10 rice;Width is 1.5-2.5 rice;The baffle plate 32 is provided with water-stop sheet between ground, baffle plate, every The height of water plate can be adjusted(0.1-0.3 rice), the height of water-stop sheet is that whole Rain Garden is minimum, and it determines whole rain The reservoir storage in spray garden;Described the first Rain Garden 3, the second Rain Garden 6, the 3rd Rain Garden 7 parallel to ground, and Only in this way, Rain Garden could retaining;The drop of Rain Garden is determined by the gradient of road;Between Rain Garden and road Kerbstone gradient is consistent with road gradient;Described the first Rain Garden 3, the second Rain Garden 6, the bottom of the 3rd Rain Garden 7 Face is flat or concave bottom;Concave bottom is in the inside radian of nature, and shape is as an inverted strip bread.Concave bottom can effectively improve rain The water-holding capacity in spray garden;Described the first Rain Garden 3, the second Rain Garden 6, the 3rd Rain Garden 7 can be as needed Using knockdown Rain Garden.
Every piece of maximum water-storage of Rain Garden is 9m × 2m × 0.15m=2.7 cubic meters in this specific embodiment.With one Calculating, every kilometer of downhill path has 1000 ÷ 9 × 6=666 block Rain Gardens to kilometers length.666 pieces of Rain Garden fritters can be same The rainwater that most 1800 cubic metres of Shi Rongna;When rainy, rainwater enters Rain Garden, first rainwater meeting from highway and pavement stream Fill whole Rain Garden;In flow process it is slow under ooze, lower infiltration rate degree is about 10cm/h, when so raining, if rainfall It is larger, then according to this seepage velocity, 1200 cubic meter of water to be had per hour(9m×2m×666×0.1m/h)Penetrate into ground Under.When the rainwater for flowing into highly can flow out more than the height of water fender from the overfall in left side, in next stage Rain Garden; The square that the physical features of whole Rain Garden is minimum is provided with overfall, connects underground conservation pool.
The beneficial effect of this specific embodiment:
A. vast geographical need not be excavated, it is the reduction of erection time, cost-effective.
B. too many underground piping need not be laid, directly can be built in earth's surface.
C. can use as municipal landscape, with viewing and admiring and moral.
When d. raining, ooze under rainwater meeting is a large amount of, recharge of groundwater.
E. Rain Garden can be detained substantial amounts of water, continue to descend to ooze or evaporate after stopping for rain.
F. Rain Garden has planted the plant for possessing detergent power, the ability for possessing purifying rainwater.
The above, only to illustrate technical scheme and unrestricted, those of ordinary skill in the art are to this Other modifications or equivalent that bright technical scheme is made, without departing from the spirit and scope of technical solution of the present invention, All should cover in the middle of scope of the presently claimed invention.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of ramp type urban road in sponge city, it is characterised in that:It comprising highway, grass planting ditch, the first Rain Garden, Auxiliary road, pavement, the second Rain Garden, the 3rd Rain Garden, sunk type greenery patches, overflow water inlet pipe, cistern and drainpipe;Institute The centre of the highway stated is provided with grass planting ditch;Described highway is symmetrically arranged on two with the first Rain Garden;The first described rainwater Auxiliary road is provided with the outside of garden;The second Rain Garden is provided between described auxiliary road and pavement;The outside on described pavement It is provided with the 3rd Rain Garden;Sunk type greenery patches is provided with the outside of the 3rd described Rain Garden;Under described sunk type greenery patches Side is provided with cistern;The bottom of described the first Rain Garden, the second Rain Garden and the 3rd Rain Garden passes through overflow water inlet Pipe is connected with cistern;Drainpipe is provided with the outside of described cistern.
2. the ramp type urban road in a kind of sponge city according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The first described rain Side and right side are equipped with roadbed before and after spray garden;Several piece is provided with the left of the inner side of described roadbed and the first Rain Garden Baffle plate;One piece of the left side water-stop sheet of the first described Rain Garden;And described water-stop sheet is arranged on the inner side of baffle plate.
3. the ramp type urban road in a kind of sponge city according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described roadbed Highly it is 0.25-0.35 rice;The height of described water-stop sheet is 0.1-0.3 rice;The height of described baffle plate is 0.45-0.55 Rice.
4. the ramp type urban road in a kind of sponge city according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The first described rain Spray garden, the second Rain Garden, the length of the 3rd Rain Garden are 8-10 rice;Width is 1.5-2.5 rice.
5. the ramp type urban road in a kind of sponge city according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The baffle plate is vertical In ground.
6. the ramp type urban road in a kind of sponge city according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The first described rain Spray garden, the second Rain Garden, the 3rd Rain Garden are parallel to ground;Kerbstone gradient and road between Rain Garden and road Road gradient is consistent.
7. the ramp type urban road in a kind of sponge city according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The first described rain Spray garden, the second Rain Garden, the bottom surface of the 3rd Rain Garden are flat or concave bottom.
CN201611234143.4A 2016-12-28 2016-12-28 Ramped urban road of sponge city Pending CN106638219A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611234143.4A CN106638219A (en) 2016-12-28 2016-12-28 Ramped urban road of sponge city

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107265691A (en) * 2017-06-24 2017-10-20 湖南文理学院 A kind of intercepting pollution for rainwater purifier in sponge city
CN107893469A (en) * 2017-11-13 2018-04-10 广州普邦园林股份有限公司 One kind oozes row's integral system based on sponge urban rainwater
CN107977800A (en) * 2017-12-21 2018-05-01 广州市城市规划勘测设计研究院 A kind of Urban Road Landscapes planing method
CN108821510A (en) * 2018-05-03 2018-11-16 山东省环科院环境工程有限公司 A kind of sponge wet land system
CN109083250A (en) * 2018-09-25 2018-12-25 济南植物园管理处 A kind of massif class greenery patches method of construction based on sponge city

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107265691A (en) * 2017-06-24 2017-10-20 湖南文理学院 A kind of intercepting pollution for rainwater purifier in sponge city
CN107265691B (en) * 2017-06-24 2019-11-26 湖南文理学院 A kind of intercepting pollution for rainwater purification device in sponge city
CN107893469A (en) * 2017-11-13 2018-04-10 广州普邦园林股份有限公司 One kind oozes row's integral system based on sponge urban rainwater
CN107977800A (en) * 2017-12-21 2018-05-01 广州市城市规划勘测设计研究院 A kind of Urban Road Landscapes planing method
CN108821510A (en) * 2018-05-03 2018-11-16 山东省环科院环境工程有限公司 A kind of sponge wet land system
CN109083250A (en) * 2018-09-25 2018-12-25 济南植物园管理处 A kind of massif class greenery patches method of construction based on sponge city

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