CN106917522A - A kind of Outdoor Parking position system based on sponge the idea of the city - Google Patents

A kind of Outdoor Parking position system based on sponge the idea of the city Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106917522A
CN106917522A CN201710066954.6A CN201710066954A CN106917522A CN 106917522 A CN106917522 A CN 106917522A CN 201710066954 A CN201710066954 A CN 201710066954A CN 106917522 A CN106917522 A CN 106917522A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
aquifer
sponge
idea
filtering layer
landing
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Granted
Application number
CN201710066954.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106917522B (en
Inventor
吴昊
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Tile Engineering Consulting (beijing) Co Ltd
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Tile Engineering Consulting (beijing) Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710066954.6A priority Critical patent/CN106917522B/en
Publication of CN106917522A publication Critical patent/CN106917522A/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G20/00Cultivation of turf, lawn or the like; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D24/00Filters comprising loose filtering material, i.e. filtering material without any binder between the individual particles or fibres thereof
    • B01D24/02Filters comprising loose filtering material, i.e. filtering material without any binder between the individual particles or fibres thereof with the filter bed stationary during the filtration
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F1/00Methods, systems, or installations for draining-off sewage or storm water

Abstract

The invention provides a kind of Outdoor Parking position system based on sponge the idea of the city, including foundation ditch, landing is provided with the top of the foundation ditch, the landing is provided with some permeable holes;Cleaned filtering layer is provided with below the landing, the first aquifer is formed between the cleaned filtering layer and the landing;The cleaned filtering layer lower section is provided with the second aquifer.In the present invention, in rainfall, rainwater is via the permeable hole of landing into being regulated and stored in the first aquifer;Then, rainwater slowly enters the second aquifer down through by cleaned filtering layer, and under the filtration of cleaned filtering layer, the water quality entered into the second aquifer is significantly improved, rainwater is further permeated in the second aquifer to underground layer, in final remittance underground water.As can be seen here, the present invention is respectively provided with certain control function on both side to the water and water quality of rainwater, is conducive to saving water resource and mitigates urban waterlogging risk.

Description

A kind of Outdoor Parking position system based on sponge the idea of the city
Technical field
The present invention relates to shutdown system technical field, and in particular to a kind of Outdoor Parking position system based on sponge the idea of the city System.
Background technology
With the quickening of urbanization process, take place frequently effectiveness factors more, and flood has become the Chinese each big city of puzzlement There is different degrees of waterlogging in the urban disease in city, the city for just having 62% in only -2010 years 2008, cause any property loss Or even casualties.It is except widespread pollution from the overuse of fertilizers and pesticides in rural area that the shower of urban rainfall runoff and souring produce the pollution of area source to be formed Second largest pollution of area source type.Particularly at the heavy rain initial stage, due to rainfall, runoff by earth's surface and be deposited on sewer pipe network Pollutant, it is in a short time, sudden to wash away remittance receiving water body, and cause water pollution.Waterlogging and pollution of area source are cities The subject matter that city's rain flood faces, solves the safety of the bad sound development and people's lives that can influence city.Sponge city is built If by all kinds of low influence exploitation rainwater infrastructure, give full play to urban green space, road and water system etc. to the receiving of rainwater, Storage blends slow releasing function, and the hydrological characteristics after building city development are close to before exploitation.
Permeable parking stall is a kind of low influence development technique of commonplace application.Permeable parking stall utilizes seepy material Concrete, pitch and face brick that traditional parking lot uses etc. are substituted, rainwater is permeated in the original location, reduce underlying surface runoff coefficient. Permeable parking stall is general to be built on soil matrix, and permeable surface layer, permeable screed-coat, porous base course and permeable bottom are set from top to down Basic unit.Permeable surface layer is typically using water-permeable brick, embedding careless brick, pervious concrete etc.;Permeable screed-coat typically using dry sand, rubble or Dry mortar, thickness is generally 20mm-30mm;Porous base course typically uses graded broken stone, medium coarse sand or prototype gradation sand Gravel material etc., permeable underlayment thickness is generally higher than 150mm.
Permeable pavement parking stall suitable application region is wide, easy construction, with by permeate reduce surface runoff coefficient, water storage and The functions such as covering underground water, but have the following disadvantages:
1) easily block, water permeable ability drops to common material level after blocking, it is impossible to play function again;
2) infiltration water permeable ability is limited:Although the permeable general infiltration coefficient of parking stall surface layer it is all larger (generally higher than 1 × 10-4m/s), medium and small rainfall can be made to infiltrate through basic unit or underground in time, but because the general penetrating power of Soil Surrounding is limited, is stopped Parking stall bottom will quickly reach saturation.According to crushed rock base course thickness 200mm porositys according to 20% meter, water-holding capacity meets 40mm Rainfall, is roughly equivalent to meet rainfall in 1 year one that the South China duration is one hour, and ability will be close to the limit;
3) cold district has by the risk of freeze-thaw damage.
The content of the invention
For defect of the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of Outdoor Parking position system based on sponge the idea of the city, To provide to rainwater water and the ambilateral control function of water quality, while rainwater water is controlled, improve rainwater quality, be easy to Rainwater is recycled, and is conducive to saving water resource.
A kind of Outdoor Parking position system based on sponge the idea of the city that the present invention is provided, including foundation ditch, the foundation ditch Top is provided with landing, and the landing is provided with some permeable holes;Purification filtering is provided with below the landing Layer, the first aquifer is formed between the cleaned filtering layer and the landing;The cleaned filtering layer lower section is provided with second Aquifer.
In the present invention, in rainfall, rainwater enters in the first aquifer via the permeable hole of landing, first retaining Layer between landing and cleaned filtering layer formed idle area, the space recessed equivalent to, therefore, the first retaining Layer can accommodate more rainwater, and rainwater is regulated and stored, and the accumulation of rainwater on landing is greatly reduced;Then, first Rainwater in aquifer slowly can enter the second aquifer, cleaned down through by cleaned filtering layer under gravity Under the filtration of filtering layer, the water quality entered into the second aquifer is significantly improved, and rainwater is in the second aquifer to ground Lower soil horizon is further permeated, final to import underground water, can effective recharge of groundwater resource.As can be seen here, the present invention Water and water quality to rainwater are respectively provided with certain control function on both side, are conducive to saving water resource.
Preferably, the cleaned filtering layer includes Chinese garden planting soil, coarse sand and humus sawdust mixture.Gardens kind Planting soil, coarse sand and humus sawdust mixture has excellent detergent power, and three is common material, is easy to apply Work, and meet the theory of nature environmental protection.
Preferably, the volume ratio of the Chinese garden planting soil, coarse sand and humus sawdust mixture is 5:4:1.Using The cleaned filtering layer of the proportioning has excellent clean-up effect, can remove 85% TSS solid suspensions, 50% total nitrogen and 65% total phosphorus, increases substantially the rainwater quality after filtering.
Preferably, the top kind of the cleaned filtering layer is implanted with green plants.The component of cleaned filtering layer can support dog The survival of the common lawn greening plant such as root of the tooth, rye grass and tall grass, such greening is planted at the top of cleaned filtering layer Plant, can effectively fill up because building shutdown system the green coverage that reduces, can by city generally existing it is old small While area's parking difficulty problem is effectively solved, the ecological functions in sponge city have been played.
Preferably, the landing includes multiple parking plates;The foundation ditch includes two short side walls and two side walls long, The side-walls long are provided with the first knee wall, and the short side-walls are provided with the second knee wall, and between two short side walls etc. between Away from being provided with multiple second knee walls;First knee wall and two neighboring second support coping are erected with described in one Parking plate.First knee wall and the second knee wall can well fix parking plate, ensure the bearing capacity and stability of parking plate, Improve the security performance of shutdown system.
Preferably, the parking plate includes polylith steel grating, is connected using installation folder between adjacent two pieces of steel gratings, and The seam crossing of adjacent two pieces of steel gratings is provided with support column.The structural strength of steel grating is higher, it is ensured that the safety of shutdown system Property;And, steel grating has ventilation, daylighting, radiating and the performance such as anti-skidding so that the green plants under parking plate can be received Irradiated to enough sunlight, be conducive to the growth of vegetation.
Preferably, second aquifer is gravel aquifer, and the gravel is free from foreign meter using a diameter of 8-11mm's Lime stone rubble, the porosity 30%-40% of second aquifer;Set between the cleaned filtering layer and the second aquifer There is non-woven fabrics.Rainwater after filtering, can be regulated and stored in the second aquifer, using the aquifer of this structure, one square metre 0.2 cubic metre of rainwater can be just accommodated, with excellent rainwater storage effect;And, in cleaned filtering layer and the second retaining Non-woven fabrics is set in layer, can effectively prevent the materials such as the soil in cleaned filtering layer from falling into the second aquifer, it is ensured that purification The stability of filter layer.
Preferably, drainpipe is provided with second aquifer, the drainpipe is connected with overflow well;The week of the drainpipe Some osculums are offered upwards, and the percent opening of the drainpipe is 3%;The periphery of the drainpipe is surrounded with non-woven fabrics.Work as rain Water water is larger, and when the Regulation capacity of the first aquifer and the second aquifer reaches capacity, rainwater can be entered into along osculum In drainpipe, and then overproof rainwater drained into overflow well, using this design structure, the tune of shutdown system can be improved Accumulation of energy power, further prevents rain on parking plate from accumulating, and is conducive to urban construction;And, in the periphery of drainpipe, nothing is set Cloth is spun, can prevent the impurity such as silt from entering into drainpipe.
Preferably, the bottom of second aquifer is provided with waterproof cloth.When the distance between the second aquifer and underground water During more than 1 meter, then waterproof cloth need not be set, because rainwater is during the water that permeates the ground, can be by secondary filter so that rainwater Quality obtained further guarantee, in can importing underground water, underground water source will not be caused to be contaminated;And when the second retaining During 1 meter of the distance from bottom lack for underground water of layer, although reached in theory by the quality of the rainwater after purification filtering The standard of underground water is imported, but, in order to make provision against emergencies, it is necessary to set waterproof cloth, prevention rainwater in the bottom of the second aquifer Into in underground water.
Preferably, first knee wall, the second knee wall and support column use Reinforced Concrete Materials, to ensure it To the stability and reliability of the supporting role of parking plate.
Brief description of the drawings
In order to illustrate more clearly of the specific embodiment of the invention or technical scheme of the prior art, below will be to specific The accompanying drawing to be used needed for implementation method or description of the prior art is briefly described.In all of the figs, similar element Or the general reference by being similar in part is identified.In accompanying drawing, each element or part might not draw according to actual ratio.
Fig. 1 is a kind of top view of Outdoor Parking position system based on sponge the idea of the city of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the A-A profiles in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the B-B profiles in Fig. 1.
Reference:
1- parking plates;The aquifers of 2- first;The cleaned filtering layers of 3-;The aquifers of 4- second;The knee walls of 5- first;6- second Buttress;7- support columns;8- drainpipes;9- overflow wells.
Specific embodiment
The embodiment of technical solution of the present invention is described in detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.Following examples are only used for Technical scheme is clearly illustrated, therefore is only used as example, and protection model of the invention can not be limited with this Enclose.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 3, a kind of Outdoor Parking based on sponge the idea of the city that one embodiment of the invention is provided Position system, including foundation ditch, are followed successively by parking plate 1, the first aquifer 2, cleaned filtering layer 3 and second from top to bottom in the foundation ditch Aquifer 4, the upper surface of wherein parking plate 1 flushes with road surface;First aquifer 2 is shape between parking plate 1 and cleaned filtering layer 3 Into idle area, for being regulated and stored to rainwater, reduce parking plate 1 on rainwater accumulate;Cleaned filtering layer 3 includes volume ratio It is 5:4:1 Chinese garden planting soil, coarse sand and humus sawdust mixture, the TSS solid-states that can remove in rainwater 85% suspend Thing, 50% total nitrogen and 65% total phosphorus, increase substantially the rainwater quality after filtering;Second aquifer 4 is gravel aquifer, Porosity 30%-40%, using the lime stone rubble free from foreign meter of a diameter of 8-11mm, rainwater after filtering, can be Two aquifers 4 are regulated and stored, one square metre of rainwater that can just accommodate 0.2 cubic metre, with excellent rainwater storage effect; Non-woven fabrics is provided between the aquifer 4 of above-mentioned cleaned filtering layer 3 and second, to prevent the materials such as the soil in purification filtering layer 3 from falling In entering the second aquifer 4, it is ensured that the stability of cleaned filtering layer.
Green plants are implanted with the top kind of the cleaned filtering layer 3, the component of cleaned filtering layer 3 can support dog tooth The survival of the common lawn greening plant such as root, rye grass and tall grass, plants in the such greening of top plantation of cleaned filtering layer 3 Thing, can effectively fill up the green coverage reduced because building shutdown system, and green parking position can be also brought after plant maturation Appearance characteristics.
In the present embodiment, above-mentioned first aquifer 2, the thickness of the aquifer 4 of cleaned filtering layer 3 and second be respectively 200mm, 400mm and 500mm, a community for 100,000 square meters is 2% or so when the shutdown system that the present embodiment is provided takes plot area When, general 200 parking spaces can be provided, and the volume of about 1000 cubic metres of flood of regulating and storing can be provided, equivalent to whole The 16mm rainfall of individual community is controlled and utilized.
The foundation ditch includes two short side walls and two side walls long, in order to be supported to parking plate, builds water storage space, The first knee wall 5 is provided with the side-walls long, the short side-walls are provided with the second knee wall 6, and between two short side walls Spaced set has multiple second knee walls 6, and the top of first knee wall 5 and two neighboring second knee wall 6 is erected with One parking plate 1.
Parking plate 1 is wide generally according to general parking stall size requirements using the thick zinc-plated steel grating structures of 7-10cm 2500mm-3000mm, the general 5000-6000mm of length, the zinc-plated steel grating dimensions for using are 950mmx2100mm, one Parking panel is mounted side by side by the zinc-plated steel grating of 5-6 blocks and formed, and is connected using supporting installation folder between two neighboring steel grating, And the seam crossing in adjacent two pieces of steel gratings is provided with support column 7;Wherein, the pore-size of zinc-plated steel grating is 100x30mm, should The hole of steel grating is formed and is easy to the smooth permeable hole for passing through of rainwater.
Above-mentioned first knee wall 5, the second knee wall 6 and support column 7 are built using reinforced concrete structure, to ensure it To the stability and reliability of the supporting role of parking plate.
Additionally, being provided with drainpipe 8 in above-mentioned second aquifer 4, the drainpipe 8 is connected with overflow well 9;In the drainpipe 8 Circumference on offer some osculums, its percent opening is 3%, when rainwater water is larger, the first aquifer 2 and the second aquifer When 4 Regulation capacity reaches capacity, rainwater can be entered into drainpipe 8 along osculum, and then overproof rainwater is drained into In overflow well 9, using this design structure, it is ensured that the general safety of structure, while the Regulation capacity of shutdown system is improved, Be conducive to urban construction;The periphery of drainpipe 8 is provided with non-woven fabrics, to prevent the impurity such as silt from entering into drainpipe 8.
It should be noted that when 1 meter of the distance from bottom lack for underground water of the second aquifer 4, although by purification filtering The quality of rainwater afterwards has reached the standard for importing underground water in theory, but, in order to make provision against emergencies, it is necessary to second The bottom of aquifer 4 sets waterproof cloth, prevents rainwater from entering in underground water;And when between the second aquifer 4 and underground water away from During from more than 1 meter, then waterproof cloth need not be set.
Finally it should be noted that:The above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical solutions of the present invention, rather than its limitations;Although The present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be understood by those within the art that:It still may be used Modified with to the technical scheme described in previous embodiment, or which part or all technical characteristic are equal to Replace;And these modifications or replacement, do not make the model of the essence disengaging embodiment of the present invention technical scheme of appropriate technical solution Enclose, it all should cover in the middle of the scope of claim of the invention and specification.

Claims (10)

1. it is a kind of based on sponge the idea of the city Outdoor Parking position system, it is characterised in that:
Including foundation ditch, landing is provided with the top of the foundation ditch, the landing is provided with some permeable holes;
Cleaned filtering layer is provided with below the landing, first is formed between the cleaned filtering layer and the landing Aquifer;
The cleaned filtering layer lower section is provided with the second aquifer.
2. it is according to claim 1 it is a kind of based on sponge the idea of the city Outdoor Parking position system, it is characterised in that:
The cleaned filtering layer includes Chinese garden planting soil, coarse sand and humus sawdust mixture.
3. it is according to claim 2 it is a kind of based on sponge the idea of the city Outdoor Parking position system, it is characterised in that:
The volume ratio of the Chinese garden planting soil, coarse sand and humus sawdust mixture is 5:4:1.
4. it is according to claim 3 it is a kind of based on sponge the idea of the city Outdoor Parking position system, it is characterised in that:
The top kind of the cleaned filtering layer is implanted with green plants.
5. a kind of Outdoor Parking based on sponge the idea of the city system according to claim 1 or 4, it is characterised in that:
The landing includes multiple parking plates;
The foundation ditch includes two short side walls and two side walls long, and the side-walls long are provided with the first knee wall, the short side wall Place is provided with the second knee wall, and spaced set has multiple second knee walls between two short side walls;
First knee wall and two neighboring second support coping are erected with a parking plate.
6. it is according to claim 5 it is a kind of based on sponge the idea of the city Outdoor Parking position system, it is characterised in that:
The parking plate includes polylith steel grating, is connected using installation folder between adjacent two pieces of steel gratings, and in adjacent two blocks of steel The seam crossing of panel is provided with support column.
7. it is according to claim 6 it is a kind of based on sponge the idea of the city Outdoor Parking position system, it is characterised in that:
Second aquifer is gravel aquifer, and the gravel is broken using the lime stone free from foreign meter of a diameter of 8-11mm Stone, the porosity 30%-40% of second aquifer;
Non-woven fabrics is provided between the cleaned filtering layer and the second aquifer.
8. it is according to claim 7 it is a kind of based on sponge the idea of the city Outdoor Parking position system, it is characterised in that:
Drainpipe is provided with second aquifer, the drainpipe is connected with overflow well;
Some osculums are offered in the circumference of the drainpipe, the percent opening of the drainpipe is 3%;
The periphery of the drainpipe is surrounded with non-woven fabrics.
9. it is according to claim 8 it is a kind of based on sponge the idea of the city Outdoor Parking position system, it is characterised in that:
The bottom of second aquifer is provided with waterproof cloth.
10. it is according to claim 6 it is a kind of based on sponge the idea of the city Outdoor Parking position system, it is characterised in that:
First knee wall, the second knee wall and support column use Reinforced Concrete Materials.
CN201710066954.6A 2017-02-07 2017-02-07 A kind of Outdoor Parking position system based on sponge the idea of the city Active CN106917522B (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108797252A (en) * 2018-06-22 2018-11-13 成都惟尚建筑设计有限公司 A kind of outdoor position shutdown system based on sponge the idea of the city
CN108951826A (en) * 2018-06-27 2018-12-07 中国地质大学(武汉) Rainwater storage recycles Water Plaza landscape
CN110630067A (en) * 2019-09-25 2019-12-31 台晨茜 Outdoor parking space system based on sponge city idea
CN111827744A (en) * 2020-07-14 2020-10-27 吴苗苗 Outdoor parking stall of afforestation type

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JPH1136638A (en) * 1997-07-14 1999-02-09 Tsurumi Concrete Kk Parking garage device serving also as retarding basin
US20030021630A1 (en) * 2001-07-24 2003-01-30 Norman Jeffrey J. Underground water retention apparatus
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CN202788088U (en) * 2012-08-30 2013-03-13 张伟 Stereoscopic garage for green belt
CN203866895U (en) * 2014-04-02 2014-10-08 北京云鹏盛元环保科技有限公司 Ecological rainwater collecting system
CN106193184A (en) * 2016-07-27 2016-12-07 天津海泰市政绿化有限公司 A kind of sponge urban rainwater collection processing system and rainwater-collecting processing method

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH1136638A (en) * 1997-07-14 1999-02-09 Tsurumi Concrete Kk Parking garage device serving also as retarding basin
US20030021630A1 (en) * 2001-07-24 2003-01-30 Norman Jeffrey J. Underground water retention apparatus
CN102121267A (en) * 2010-12-31 2011-07-13 清华大学 Rainwater runoff strengthening treatment and recycling parking space and sidewalk system
CN102605852A (en) * 2012-03-22 2012-07-25 西安理工大学 Urban rainwater-infiltration ecological system based on low impact development
CN202788088U (en) * 2012-08-30 2013-03-13 张伟 Stereoscopic garage for green belt
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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108797252A (en) * 2018-06-22 2018-11-13 成都惟尚建筑设计有限公司 A kind of outdoor position shutdown system based on sponge the idea of the city
CN108797252B (en) * 2018-06-22 2020-07-28 成都惟尚建筑设计有限公司 Outdoor position parking system based on sponge city idea
CN108951826A (en) * 2018-06-27 2018-12-07 中国地质大学(武汉) Rainwater storage recycles Water Plaza landscape
CN108951826B (en) * 2018-06-27 2019-09-17 中国地质大学(武汉) Rainwater storage recycles Water Plaza landscape
CN110630067A (en) * 2019-09-25 2019-12-31 台晨茜 Outdoor parking space system based on sponge city idea
CN110630067B (en) * 2019-09-25 2020-12-11 五莲永信信息咨询有限公司 Outdoor parking space system based on sponge city idea
CN111827744A (en) * 2020-07-14 2020-10-27 吴苗苗 Outdoor parking stall of afforestation type

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