CN106577379A - Culture method of selenium-rich weevers - Google Patents

Culture method of selenium-rich weevers Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106577379A
CN106577379A CN201611053697.4A CN201611053697A CN106577379A CN 106577379 A CN106577379 A CN 106577379A CN 201611053697 A CN201611053697 A CN 201611053697A CN 106577379 A CN106577379 A CN 106577379A
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selenium
rich
parts
lenciennes
lateolabracis
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蓝明
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/34Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the microorganisms used
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/34Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the microorganisms used
    • C02F3/348Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the microorganisms used characterised by the way or the form in which the microorganisms are added or dosed
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2103/00Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated
    • C02F2103/20Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated from animal husbandry
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of fish culture, in particular to a culture method of selenium-rich weevers. The culture method of the selenium-rich weevers comprises the following steps: a, fry management and culture: selecting high-quality weever fries, culturing the fries in a buffer pool for 7-15 days, and then culturing the fries in a pond, wherein the water in the buffer pool contains active substances of a certain concentration; b, feed adding: adding a selenium-rich weever feed and a green grass feed every day; and c, culture management: adding a water quality cleaning agent into the fish pond at set intervals. The culture method of the selenium-rich weevers, provided by the invention, is green and environment-friendly, can significantly reduce chemical substances and drugs, improves the survival rate of the weevers, improves the content of selenium in the weevers, and improves the quality of the weevers.

Description

A kind of cultural method of selenium-rich Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis)
【Technical field】
The present invention relates to fish culture technical field, and in particular to a kind of cultural method of selenium-rich Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis).
【Background technology】
Selenium is respectfully called " long-lived element ", " king of anticancer " by domestic and international the world of medicine and nutrition educational circles.In eighties of last century 70 Age, World Health Organization (WHO) just announces that selenium is trace element needed by human, and scarce selenium can have a strong impact on the healthy of people.Selenium Element is vectorial mineral nutrient needed by human, cannot be synthesized in human body.Selenium spreads all over each histoorgan and body fluid, dense in kidney Degree highest, it is extremely important to enhance immunity and prophylaxis of cancer.When selenium deficiency, human body immunity is just easily lead to Decline, threatening more than 40 kinds of disease of human health and life, all to lack selenium with human body relevant, such as cancer, cardiovascular diseasess, hepatopathy, white The symptoms such as cataract, pancreatic disease, diabetes, reproductive system disease.
China is a Ge Que selenium big country, and the population of China 1/3rd has that different degrees of selenium intake is not enough, The adult's amount of daily intaking 50-250 micrograms are recommended by our NIs, but the be grown up average intake of daily selenium of China is only 26.63ug, the basic requirement with selenium differs greatly, and the population of China 70% or so is in lean selenium region.National 22 provinces , in low selenium band, scarce selenium can directly result in human body immunity's decline, clinical medicine card for some areas in city, about 700,000,000 population lives Bright, threatening more than 40 kinds of disease of human health and life, all to lack selenium with human body relevant, such as cancer, cardiovascular diseasess, hepatopathy, it is white in Barrier, pancreatic disease, diabetes, reproductive system disease etc., selenium content in tissue is thousand a ten thousandths, but it is determined The presence of life, to the great function of human health is that other materials are irreplaceable.Human body is only by the selenium in wholefood Intake can not meet human normal needs, the shortage of selenium element constitutes threat to health, so people The enriched nutritive of selenium is increasingly paid attention to.
Because selenium does not have the organ of Long-term Storage selenium in human body, the selenium needed for body constantly should obtain foot from diet The selenium of enough amounts, the balance of selenium concentration has important protective effect and facilitation to the physiological function of many organs, tissue.And Selenium supplement method universal in prior art is all to eat of the medicine containing selenium element or health product, but medicine and health product Typically all there can be certain side effect to body, and expensive, be not suitable for long-time and use, se complementary effect nor manage very much Think.
Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) contains the nutritional labelings such as protein, fat, carbohydrate, also containing vitamin B2, nicotinic acid and micro dimension The materials such as raw element B1, phosphorus, ferrum, with very high edible and medical value.Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) meat have blood-nourishing, improving eyesight, stimulate the menstrual flow, antiabortive, sharp product, The functions such as hemostasis, lactogenic.Now the cultural method of Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) also has many areas for improvement, excessive use chemical substance and Medicine, not only affects the mouthfeel of Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis), and not environmentally health;The cultivation of seed in Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) artificial cultivation is highly susceptible to fish diseasess Threat, affect its survival rate and yield.Lack that a kind of the ecological of Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis), survival rate be high at present, selenium contains in Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) meat High Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) green cultivation method.
【The content of the invention】
The present invention goal of the invention be:For lacking that a kind of the ecological of Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis), survival rate be high at present, in Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) meat Selenium contains the problem of high Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) green cultivation method, there is provided a kind of cultural method of selenium-rich Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis), environmental protection can significantly drop Low chemical substance and medicine, improve the survival rate of Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis), improve the content of selenium in Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis), improve Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) quality.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
A kind of cultural method of selenium-rich Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis), comprises the following steps:
A. fry management and cultivation:The Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) fry of quality better is selected, is first put into after cultivating 7-15 days in Buffer Pool and is put into Cultivate in pond;Material containing following mass concentration in the buffering water:The saline of 0.4-1.2%, 0.1-0.4% The concentrated liquid of tradition Chinese medicine of yeast rich in selenium and 2-6%, feeds selenium-rich perch feed, every the logical oxygen 1-2h of 2-4 hours;
B. feedstuff is thrown in:The selenium-rich perch feed of Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) weight 4-7% and the grass of Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) weight 3-5% are put into daily Material, the selenium-rich perch feed and grass are anticipated point, timing and throw in;
C. aquaculture management:Water quality cleaning agent was thrown in in fish pond every 7-15 days, the injected volume of the water quality cleaning agent is 50-200ml/ mus, keep PH between 6-8, and routinely technology is carried out for other pond management.
Optimization, the selenium-rich perch feed includes the material composition of following weight part ratio:Peanut dregses 15-25 parts, Semen Maydiss Powder 8-16 parts, tenebrio molitor 15-25 parts, dried shrimps 10-25 parts, Concha Ostreae 10-20 parts, Radix Dauci Sativae 7-13 parts, Folium Allii tuberosi 5-13 parts, Rhizoma amorphophalli powder 15-27 parts, Bulbus Allii 6-12 parts, Radix Morindae Officinaliss 4-10 parts, bacillus bifiduss 1-5 parts, yeast rich in selenium 2-6 parts, vitamin ae 0.3-1.1 Part.
More optimize, the manufacture method of the selenium-rich perch feed is as follows:By weight, first take peanut dregses, tenebrio molitor, Dried shrimps, Concha Ostreae, Radix Dauci Sativae, Folium Allii tuberosi, Bulbus Allii and Radix Morindae Officinaliss, are ground into coarse powder with pulverizer respectively, then take Semen Maydis powder, Rhizoma amorphophalli powder, double Discrimination bacillus, yeast rich in selenium and vitamin ae, then by above material mix homogeneously, obtain mixing coarse powder, adjust containing for mixing coarse powder To 22-30%, after granulator granulation, drying moisture obtains final product selenium-rich perch feed to the water yield less than 14%.
Further optimize, the water quality cleaning agent contains following material:Bacillus subtilises, page bacillus cereuss, light Close antibacterial, ferrous sulfate, copper sulfate, zinc sulfate, Paecilomyces lilacinus, EM bacterium.
Further optimize, the mass concentration of each material is as follows in the water quality cleaning agent:Bacillus subtilises 2.5- 7%th, page bacillus cereuss 2-7%, photosynthetic bacteria 5-10%, ferrous sulfate 1-4%, copper sulfate 1-2.5%, zinc sulfate 1- 2.5%th, Paecilomyces lilacinus 2-8%, EM bacterium 3-9%, remaining be water.
Further optimize again, selenium-rich perch feed is thrown in 1-3 time daily, grass material is thrown in 1-2 time daily.
Further optimize again, the concentrated liquid of tradition Chinese medicine is made with following methods:By weight, Rhizoma Osmundae 15-25 is taken Part, Cortex Meliae 10-22 parts and Fructus Quisqualis 6-12 parts, add medical material weight 8-16 times water, decoct 1-3 time, united extraction liquid, concentration To 5-9 times of medical material weight, the concentrated liquid of tradition Chinese medicine is obtained final product.
In sum, as a result of above-mentioned technical proposal, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1. the life in pond is more adapted to after easily cultivating for Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) fry, and the present invention is first put into Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) fry slow Rush life a period of time in pond so as to after fully adapting to the water quality and environment on cultivation ground, then cultivated.If Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) fry sheet Body carries antibacterial or pathogenic microorganism, hides in vivo, treats cultivation to certain phase, and environment is easy after changing to occur shoal of fish entirety Property outburst disease, cause cultivate heavy losses;In addition, the antibacterial of Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) fry carrying or pathogenic microorganism are also easily caused entirely The water quality in pond pollutes, it is difficult to process.The present invention is added during allowing Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) fry buffering to cultivate in buffering culturing pool Appropriately the saline of proportioning, yeast rich in selenium and the concentrated liquid of tradition Chinese medicine, can effectively kill the malignant bacteria for be carried with Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) fry And pathogen, while making Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) fry produce to certain antibody;In addition beneficiating ingredient is contained in compound vitamin and yeast rich in selenium, Fish nutritional need can be supplemented, resistance is favorably improved, strengthens adaptability.Study by contrast, the fish pond that the present invention is processed Compared with the simple solarization pool, the survival rate of fish improves 4.6% or so.
Rhizoma Osmundae, Cortex Meliae and Fructus Quisqualis are taken, three of the above medicine is organically combined, and can produce synergism, is reached jointly To the often parasite such as Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) body surface face and internal cestode, ascarid, taeniasis, blood sucker is driven away, can also be by strengthening gastrointestinal peristalsiss And exclude disease pest body or harmful substance, meanwhile, these medicines also have the effect for suppressing funguses, Influenza Virus to grow, Ke Yiyou What is imitated prevents growing for antibacterial, funguses or virus;Totally it is effectively reduced the ill number of times of Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis).
2. directly quality direct relation the situation that shoal of bass grows to the water quality in pond.The present invention is by regular in pond Water quality cleaning agent is thrown in, there are water cleaning probioticss containing various in water quality cleaning agent, will not be right while can cleaning water quality The health of Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) constitutes a threat to.Periodically process, it is possible to reduce water quality is contaminated the shoal of fish to be occurred turning over belly or other diseases, reduce Using the number of times of chemical drugss after the shoal of fish is sick.
Ferrous sulfate, copper sulfate and zinc sulfate have parasite killing, bactericidal action in water quality cleaning agent, and water quality can be acted in addition Accelerator in cleaning agent, improve bacillus subtilises, page bacillus cereuss, photosynthetic bacteria, Paecilomyces lilacinus, the synthesis of EM bacterium Effect.Bacillus subtilises, page bacillus cereuss, photosynthetic bacteria, Paecilomyces lilacinus, EM bacterium cooperate, collectively promote, can be with The noxious bacteria in water, precipitation or digestion noxious substance such as ammonium, nitrate, nitrous acid etc. are killed, the pH value in water is improved, is carried The oxygen capacity in high pond.
3. the present invention adds Se-enriched feedstuff in breeding process, and effectively can supplement in Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) breeding process to take the photograph Take fully enough food and poky situation occurs.Selenium-rich makees feedstuff and contains the necessary nutrient substance such as albumen of Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) growth It is that, rich in selenium element, selenium element addition in the present invention is adopted the characteristics of maximum outside the materials such as matter, carbohydrate, sugar, trace element It is also the selenium-rich raw material of pure natural, for conventional addition selenium preparation, more green, environmental protection does not result in Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) In vivo selenium is exceeded.Wherein yeast rich in selenium can form seleno-amino acids in Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) body, further protein of the synthesis rich in selenium, And it is nontoxic to animal body, the addition of yeast rich in selenium can also effectively by tenebrio molitor, dried shrimps, Concha Ostreae, Rhizoma amorphophalli, Bulbus Allii etc. Selenium element discharge, beneficial to the absorption of Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis);Further yeast rich in selenium itself is nutritious, the growth promoter to Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) Effect is significant.Contain various abundant vitamin in Bulbus Allii, Folium Allii tuberosi, Radix Dauci Sativae etc., these vitamin can be supplemented in Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) body to dimension Raw element, the absorption of selenium can be promoted again.In addition, Radix Morindae Officinaliss can also improve the resistivity of Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis), Se-enriched feedstuff can be notable Promote the growth of Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis).
4. selenium contains noticeably greater than traditional cultural method cultivation Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) in the Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) meat that the present invention is raised, what the present invention was raised Se content average out to 480-650ug/kg in Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis), and the Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) Se content average out to 98-176ug/ of traditional cultural method cultivation kg.The Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) survival rate that the present invention is raised is 91-95%, and the Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) survival rate of traditional cultural method cultivation is 78-83%;This The Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) prevalence of bright raising is 3-5%, and the Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) prevalence of traditional cultural method cultivation is 18-23%.
【Specific embodiment】
With reference to embodiment, the invention will be further described.
Embodiment 1
A kind of cultural method of selenium-rich Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis), comprises the following steps:
A. fry management and cultivation:The Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) fry of quality better is selected, is first put into after cultivating 7 days in Buffer Pool and is devoted pond Cultivate in the pool;Material containing following mass concentration in the buffering water:0.4% saline, 0.1% yeast rich in selenium and 2% the concentrated liquid of tradition Chinese medicine, feeds selenium-rich perch feed, the logical oxygen 1h every 2 hours.
B. feedstuff is thrown in:Daily the grass material of the selenium-rich perch feed of input Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) weight 4% and Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) weight 3%, rich Selenium perch feed is thrown in 1 time daily, and grass material is thrown in 2 times daily, and the selenium-rich perch feed and grass are anticipated point, timing and throws Put.
C. aquaculture management:Water quality cleaning agent was thrown in in fish pond every 7 days, the injected volume of the water quality cleaning agent is 50ml/ mus, keep PH between 6-8, and routinely technology is carried out for other pond management.
In the present embodiment, selenium-rich perch feed includes the material composition of following weight part ratio:15 parts of peanut dregses, Semen Maydis powder 8 Part, 15 parts of tenebrio molitor, 10 parts of dried shrimps, 10 parts of Concha Ostreae, 7 parts of Radix Dauci Sativae, 5 parts of Folium Allii tuberosi, 15 parts of Rhizoma amorphophalli powder, 6 parts of Bulbus Allii, Radix Morindae Officinaliss 4 Part, 1 part of bacillus bifiduss, 2 parts of yeast rich in selenium, 0.3 part of vitamin ae.
In the present embodiment, the manufacture method of selenium-rich perch feed is as follows:By weight, peanut dregses, tenebrio molitor, shrimp are first taken Rice, Concha Ostreae, Radix Dauci Sativae, Folium Allii tuberosi, Bulbus Allii and Radix Morindae Officinaliss, are ground into coarse powder with pulverizer respectively, then take Semen Maydis powder, Rhizoma amorphophalli powder, bifid Bacillus, yeast rich in selenium and vitamin ae, then by above material mix homogeneously, obtain mixing coarse powder, adjust the aqueous of mixing coarse powder Measure to 22%, after granulator granulation, drying moisture obtains final product selenium-rich perch feed less than 14%.
In the present embodiment, the mass concentration of each material is as follows in water quality cleaning agent:Bacillus subtilises 2.5%, page bud Spore bacillus 2%, photosynthetic bacteria 5%, ferrous sulfate 1%, copper sulfate 1%, zinc sulfate 1%, Paecilomyces lilacinus 2%, EM bacterium 3%, Remaining is water.
In the present embodiment, the concentrated liquid of tradition Chinese medicine is made with following methods:By weight, 15 parts of Rhizoma Osmundae, 10 parts of Cortex Meliae are taken With 6 parts of Fructus Quisqualis, medical material 8 times of water of weight are added, decocted 3 times, united extraction liquid is concentrated into 9 times of medical material weight, obtains final product Chinese medicine Concentrated solution.
Embodiment 2
A kind of cultural method of selenium-rich Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis), comprises the following steps:
A. fry management and cultivation:The Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) fry of quality better is selected, is first put into after cultivating 15 days in Buffer Pool and is devoted Cultivate in pond;Material containing following mass concentration in the buffering water:1.2% saline, 0.4% yeast rich in selenium and 6% the concentrated liquid of tradition Chinese medicine, feeds selenium-rich perch feed, the logical oxygen 2h every 4 hours.
B. feedstuff is thrown in:Daily the grass material of the selenium-rich perch feed of input Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) weight 7% and Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) weight 5%, rich Selenium perch feed is thrown in 3 times daily, and grass material is thrown in 1 time daily, and the selenium-rich perch feed and grass are anticipated point, timing and throws Put.
C. aquaculture management:Water quality cleaning agent was thrown in in fish pond every 15 days, the injected volume of the water quality cleaning agent is 200ml/ mus, keep PH between 6.5-7.5, and routinely technology is carried out for other pond management.
In the present embodiment, selenium-rich perch feed includes the material composition of following weight part ratio:25 parts of peanut dregses, Semen Maydis powder 16 Part, 25 parts of tenebrio molitor, 25 parts of dried shrimps, 20 parts of Concha Ostreae, 13 parts of Radix Dauci Sativae, 13 parts of Folium Allii tuberosi, 27 parts of Rhizoma amorphophalli powder, 12 parts of Bulbus Allii, Radix Morindae Officinaliss 10 parts, 5 parts of bacillus bifiduss, 6 parts of yeast rich in selenium, 1.1 parts of vitamin ae.
In the present embodiment, the manufacture method of selenium-rich perch feed is as follows:By weight, peanut dregses, tenebrio molitor, shrimp are first taken Rice, Concha Ostreae, Radix Dauci Sativae, Folium Allii tuberosi, Bulbus Allii and Radix Morindae Officinaliss, are ground into coarse powder with pulverizer respectively, then take Semen Maydis powder, Rhizoma amorphophalli powder, bifid Bacillus, yeast rich in selenium and vitamin ae, then by above material mix homogeneously, obtain mixing coarse powder, adjust the aqueous of mixing coarse powder Measure to 30%, after granulator granulation, drying moisture obtains final product selenium-rich perch feed less than 13%.
In the present embodiment, the mass concentration of each material is as follows in water quality cleaning agent:Bacillus subtilises 7%, page spore Bacillus 7%, photosynthetic bacteria 10%, ferrous sulfate 4%, copper sulfate 2.5%, zinc sulfate 2.5%, Paecilomyces lilacinus 8%, EM bacterium 9%th, remaining is water.
In the present embodiment, the concentrated liquid of tradition Chinese medicine is made with following methods:By weight, 25 parts of Rhizoma Osmundae, 22 parts of Cortex Meliae are taken With 12 parts of Fructus Quisqualis, medical material 16 times of water of weight are added, decocted 1 time, united extraction liquid is concentrated into 5 times of medical material weight, in obtaining final product Medicine concentrated solution.
Embodiment 3
A kind of cultural method of selenium-rich Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis), comprises the following steps:
A. fry management and cultivation:The Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) fry of quality better is selected, is first put into after cultivating 11 days in Buffer Pool and is devoted Cultivate in pond;Material containing following mass concentration in the buffering water:0.8% saline, 0.25% yeast rich in selenium The concentrated liquid of tradition Chinese medicine with 4%, feeds selenium-rich perch feed, the logical oxygen 1.5h every 3 hours.
B. feedstuff is thrown in:The selenium-rich perch feed of Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) weight 4-7% and the grass material of Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) weight 4% are put into daily, Selenium-rich perch feed is thrown in 2 times daily, and grass material is thrown in 1 time daily, and the selenium-rich perch feed and grass are anticipated point, timing and throws Put.
C. aquaculture management:Water quality cleaning agent was thrown in in fish pond every 11 days, the injected volume of the water quality cleaning agent is 125ml/ mus, keep PH between 6.8-7.8, and routinely technology is carried out for other pond management.
In the present embodiment, selenium-rich perch feed includes the material composition of following weight part ratio:20 parts of peanut dregses, Semen Maydis powder 12 Part, 20 parts of tenebrio molitor, 13 parts of dried shrimps, 15 parts of Concha Ostreae, 10 parts of Radix Dauci Sativae, 9 parts of Folium Allii tuberosi, 21 parts of Rhizoma amorphophalli powder, 9 parts of Bulbus Allii, Radix Morindae Officinaliss 7 Part, 3 parts of bacillus bifiduss, 4 parts of yeast rich in selenium, 0.7 part of vitamin ae.
In the present embodiment, the manufacture method of selenium-rich perch feed is as follows:By weight, peanut dregses, tenebrio molitor, shrimp are first taken Rice, Concha Ostreae, Radix Dauci Sativae, Folium Allii tuberosi, Bulbus Allii and Radix Morindae Officinaliss, are ground into coarse powder with pulverizer respectively, then take Semen Maydis powder, Rhizoma amorphophalli powder, bifid Bacillus, yeast rich in selenium and vitamin ae, then by above material mix homogeneously, obtain mixing coarse powder, adjust the aqueous of mixing coarse powder Measure to 27%, after granulator granulation, drying moisture obtains final product selenium-rich perch feed less than 13.5%.
In the present embodiment, the mass concentration of each material is as follows in water quality cleaning agent:Bacillus subtilises 4.9%, page bud Spore bacillus 5%, photosynthetic bacteria 8%, ferrous sulfate 2.5%, copper sulfate 1.8%, zinc sulfate 1.8%, Paecilomyces lilacinus 5%, EM Bacterium 6%, remaining be water.
In the present embodiment, the concentrated liquid of tradition Chinese medicine is made with following methods:By weight, 20 parts of Rhizoma Osmundae, 16 parts of Cortex Meliae are taken With 9 parts of Fructus Quisqualis, medical material 12 times of water of weight are added, decocted 2 times, united extraction liquid is concentrated into 8 times of medical material weight, in obtaining final product Medicine concentrated solution.
Described above is the detailed description for the present invention preferably possible embodiments, but embodiment is not limited to this Bright patent claim, the equal change completed under the technical spirit suggested by all present invention or modification change, all should belong to Cover the scope of the claims in the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of cultural method of selenium-rich Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis), it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
A. fry management and cultivation:The Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) fry of quality better is selected, is first put into after cultivating 7-15 days in Buffer Pool and is devoted pond Cultivate in the pool;Material containing following mass concentration in the buffering water:The saline of 0.4-1.2%, the selenium-rich of 0.1-0.4% The concentrated liquid of tradition Chinese medicine of yeast and 2-6%, feeds selenium-rich perch feed, every the logical oxygen 1-2h of 2-4 hours;
B. feedstuff is thrown in:The selenium-rich perch feed of Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) weight 4-7% and the grass material of Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) weight 3-5%, institute are put into daily State selenium-rich perch feed and grass is anticipated point, timing and throws in;
C. aquaculture management:Water quality cleaning agent was thrown in in fish pond every 7-15 days, the injected volume of the water quality cleaning agent is 50- 200ml/ mus, keep PH between 6-8, and routinely technology is carried out for other pond management.
2. a kind of cultural method of selenium-rich Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the selenium-rich perch feed bag Include the material composition of following weight part ratio:Peanut dregses 15-25 parts, Semen Maydis powder 8-16 parts, tenebrio molitor 15-25 parts, dried shrimps 10-25 Part, Concha Ostreae 10-20 parts, Radix Dauci Sativae 7-13 parts, Folium Allii tuberosi 5-13 parts, Rhizoma amorphophalli powder 15-27 parts, Bulbus Allii 6-12 parts, Radix Morindae Officinaliss 4-10 parts, Bacillus bifiduss 1-5 parts, yeast rich in selenium 2-6 parts, vitamin ae 0.3-1.1 parts.
3. the cultural method of a kind of selenium-rich Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the selenium-rich perch feed Manufacture method is as follows:By weight, peanut dregses, tenebrio molitor, dried shrimps, Concha Ostreae, Radix Dauci Sativae, Folium Allii tuberosi, Bulbus Allii and Radix Morindae Officinaliss are first taken, Respectively coarse powder is ground into pulverizer, then takes Semen Maydis powder, Rhizoma amorphophalli powder, bacillus bifiduss, yeast rich in selenium and vitamin ae, then will be with Upper material mix homogeneously, obtains mixing coarse powder, adjusts the water content of mixing coarse powder to 22-30%, after being pelletized with granulator, dries water Divide and obtain final product selenium-rich perch feed less than 14%.
4. the cultural method of a kind of selenium-rich Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the water quality cleaning agent contains Following material:Bacillus subtilises, page bacillus cereuss, photosynthetic bacteria, ferrous sulfate, copper sulfate, zinc sulfate, pale purple plan it is blue or green Mould, EM bacterium.
5. the cultural method of a kind of selenium-rich Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) according to claim 4, it is characterised in that each in the water quality cleaning agent The mass concentration of material is as follows:Bacillus subtilises 2.5-7%, page bacillus cereuss 2-7%, photosynthetic bacteria 5-10%, sulphuric acid Ferrous 1-4%, copper sulfate 1-2.5%, zinc sulfate 1-2.5%, Paecilomyces lilacinus 2-8%, EM bacterium 3-9%, remaining be water.
6. the cultural method of a kind of selenium-rich Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) according to claim 1, it is characterised in that selenium-rich perch feed is thrown daily Put 1-3 time, grass material is thrown in 1-2 time daily.
7. the cultural method of a kind of selenium-rich Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis) according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the concentrated liquid of tradition Chinese medicine with Lower section method is made:By weight, Rhizoma Osmundae 15-25 part, Cortex Meliae 10-22 parts and Fructus Quisqualis 6-12 parts are taken, medical material weight is added 8-16 times of water, decocts 1-3 time, and united extraction liquid is concentrated into 5-9 times of medical material weight, obtains final product the concentrated liquid of tradition Chinese medicine.
CN201611053697.4A 2016-11-25 2016-11-25 Culture method of selenium-rich weevers Pending CN106577379A (en)

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CN111557399A (en) * 2020-06-10 2020-08-21 浙江省舟山市水产研究所 Feed for improving weever meat quality and preparation method and application thereof
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CN114365711A (en) * 2022-01-24 2022-04-19 威海金牌生物科技有限公司 Selenium-rich oyster cultivation method

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Application publication date: 20170426