CN106567354A - Automatic sweeping vehicle for stair steps - Google Patents

Automatic sweeping vehicle for stair steps Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106567354A
CN106567354A CN201610866051.1A CN201610866051A CN106567354A CN 106567354 A CN106567354 A CN 106567354A CN 201610866051 A CN201610866051 A CN 201610866051A CN 106567354 A CN106567354 A CN 106567354A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cleaning
bar
vehicle frame
hydraulic stem
wheel
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201610866051.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106567354B (en
Inventor
王幼民
于锋
魏林院
刘豪豪
王天星
赵伟
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Anhui Polytechnic University
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Anhui Polytechnic University
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Publication date
Application filed by Anhui Polytechnic University filed Critical Anhui Polytechnic University
Priority to CN201610866051.1A priority Critical patent/CN106567354B/en
Publication of CN106567354A publication Critical patent/CN106567354A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106567354B publication Critical patent/CN106567354B/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H1/00Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface
    • E01H1/08Pneumatically dislodging or taking-up undesirable matter or small objects; Drying by heat only or by streams of gas; Cleaning by projecting abrasive particles
    • E01H1/0863Apparatus loosening or removing the dirt by blowing and subsequently dislodging it at least partially by suction ; Combined suction and blowing nozzles
    • E01H1/0872Apparatus loosening or removing the dirt by blowing and subsequently dislodging it at least partially by suction ; Combined suction and blowing nozzles with mechanical loosening or feeding instruments for the dirt to be removed pneumatically, e.g. brushes, scrapers

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of cleaning equipment, in particular to an automatic sweeping vehicle for stair steps. The automatic sweeping vehicle for the stair steps comprises a vehicle body and an automatic sweeping device which is mounted at the front end of the vehicle body, wherein the vehicle body comprises a frame, a rear wheel driving system, a front wheel climbing system and a frame supporting system; the frame supporting system is mounted at the front end of the frame; a lifting platform is mounted on the front wheel climbing system; the automatic sweeping device is connected with the lifting platform; a garbage recycling box and an air extracting pump which is connected with the garbage recycling box are also mounted on the frame; and the garbage recycling box is connected with a garbage sweeping device through a pipeline. The invention is advantaged in that the climbing stability of the automatic sweeping vehicle is good, the automatic sweeping device can realize translation from left to right, expansion from front to back and pitching angle adjusting, the automatic sweeping vehicle is flexible to control, the sweeping area of the automatic sweeping vehicle is large, the efficiency of the automatic sweeping vehicle is high and the swept ashes can be recycled at any time to avoid raised dust pollution.

Description

A kind of stairway step Automatic vehicle for cleaning road
Technical field
The present invention relates to cleaning equipment technical field, more particularly to a kind of stairway step Automatic vehicle for cleaning road.
Background technology
As the development of social economy, various automation equipments instead of manually, labour force is liberated, and has been greatly improved Work efficiency, automation equipment are widely used in the every field for producing and living, and adopt machine in a large number in mechanical manufacturing field Tool handss and automatic transporting machine people carry out large-scale production manufacture, also have such as automatic sweeping machine device people in daily life field, In environmental sanitation career field, there is the automation equipment such as automatic pruner and automatic road sweeper device.
As described above, various automation equipments replacements also continuously emerge in environmental sanitation career field manually carries out environmental sanitation work, Due to the restriction of the working environment of environmental sanitation work, much work can only be by being accomplished manually for Ren Ranyou, the such as cleaning of square step Work is accomplished by hand sweeping, particularly large-scale square, and step is more and step is relatively wide, and sweep-out pattern is big, task weight.To ring The routine work for defending workman brings great difficulty.
The invention proposes a kind of design of stairway step Automatic vehicle for cleaning road, to replace the large-scale square step of hand sweeping Work, improve work efficiency, the work that sanitationman is greatly lowered is slight.
The content of the invention
Present invention aims to the deficiencies in the prior art, there is provided a kind of stairway step Automatic vehicle for cleaning road, this is automatic Sweeper adopts rear wheel drive, the operation principle that front-wheel climbs, and is provided with for Auxiliary support vehicle frame in vehicle frame front end Vehicle frame support system, climbs and has good stability, and automatic cleaning device is capable of achieving left and right translation, and elastic or even luffing angle is adjusted Section, control are flexible, and sweep-out pattern is big, and the Traditional Man that instead of large-scale square top bar is cleaned, efficiency high, and the ash for cleaning Dirt can be reclaimed at any time and avoid dust pollution.
To solve the above problems, the present invention provides technical scheme below:
A kind of stairway step Automatic vehicle for cleaning road, includes car body and the automatic cleaning device installed in car body front end, described Car body includes vehicle frame, rear wheel drive system, front-wheel climbing system and vehicle frame support system, is provided with for driving on the vehicle frame First change speed gear box and the second change speed gear box for driving front-wheel climbing system to work of dynamic rear wheel drive system work, the vehicle frame Support system is arranged at vehicle frame front end, is provided with hoistable platform on the front-wheel climbing system, the automatic cleaning device with The hoistable platform connects, the air pump for garbage recycling bin being also equipped with vehicle frame and being connected with the garbage recycling bin, the rubbish Rubbish collection box is connected with refuse cleaner by pipeline.
Further, first change speed gear box is arranged on vehicle frame rear portion, and the rear wheel drive system is fixedly mounted on vehicle frame Rear end, include the rear axle and the trailing wheel installed in the rear axle two ends being fixedly connected with vehicle frame rear end, peace in rear axle Equipped with differential mechanism, the first change speed gear box is connected with differential mechanism by power transmission shaft.
Further, ratchet is mounted on the inside of two trailing wheels, be mounted on and the spine at the two ends of rear axle The elastic plectrum of wheel, to prevent rear cunning when cleaning, plays good stopping function.
Further, second change speed gear box is arranged on the middle part of vehicle frame, and the front-wheel climbing system is arranged on vehicle frame Front side, includes front axle, turning-bar and the front-wheel installed in front axle two ends, is provided with and front axle on the inside of two front-wheels The knuckle that end is hinged, two knuckles are also hinged with the two ends of turning-bar respectively, are pacified by column above the front axle Equipped with the 3rd change speed gear box, the outfan of the 3rd change speed gear box is provided with tooth sector, is provided with turning-bar upper surface and turns to tooth The straight-tooth groove of wheel engagement, the outfan of second change speed gear box are provided with cam disc, install between the cam disc and front axle There is ripping bar, being horizontally disposed with vehicle frame has support bar, is socketed on the support bar in the middle part of ripping bar, and one end and the cam of ripping bar are vitalized The middle part active link of dynamic link, the other end and front axle.
Further, arrange fluted on the cam disc, the one end being connected with figure wheel disc in ripping bar is provided with slip and is matched somebody with somebody The bearing pin in the groove is closed, the first U-shaped hole is offered in the middle part of ripping bar, the support bar crosses the first U-shaped hole, in sled The other end of bar offers the second U-shaped hole, and the front axle crosses the second U-shaped hole.
Further, the vehicle frame support system includes being separately mounted to vehicle frame front end structure on two sides and principle identical One support meanss and the second support meanss, first support meanss and the second support meanss include vertically-mounted bar, One hydraulic stem, L-type support bar and support wheel, the vertically-mounted bar are fixedly connected with vehicle frame in vertical state, the first hydraulic stem Bottom and vertically-mounted bar at the top of be hinged, L-type support bar is provided with the first connection end, the second connection end and the 3rd connection End, first connection end are arranged on the middle part of the L-type support bar and are hinged with the lower end of vertically-mounted bar, and the second connection end sets Put on the top of L-type support bar and be hinged with the outfan of the first hydraulic stem, support wheel is fixedly mounted at the 3rd connection end.
Further, the hoistable platform is connected with front axle by two the second hydraulic stems being vertically arranged, the second liquid The outfan ejection of depression bar is provided with installation by bolt with the top for driving hoistable platform rising height, the support platform Plate, is provided with and horizontal drive mechanism on a mounting board, and the horizontal drive mechanism includes horizontally disposed horizontal slide rail, slide plate Motor and screw mandrel, are provided with screw mandrel slide block on screw mandrel, the automatic cleaning device includes horizontal slide plate, contiguous block, hangs Arm and cleaning box, the bottom of the horizontal slide plate are provided with the slide block coordinated with horizontal slide rail, and the screw mandrel slide block is slided with level The bottom of plate is fixedly connected, and the front lower portion of horizontal slide plate is vertically-mounted two the 3rd hydraulic stems, and contiguous block is arranged on level It is fixedly connected below the front end of slide plate and with the lower end of the 3rd hydraulic stem, cleaning box is arranged on the dead ahead of contiguous block and by outstanding Arm is connected with contiguous block.
Further, the cantilever includes symmetrically arranged first cantilever and the second cantilever, first cantilever and second Cantilever includes the 4th hydraulic stem and the 5th hydraulic stem, the two ends of the 4th hydraulic stem respectively with contiguous block and cleaning box, 5th hydraulic stem is also disposed at contiguous block and cleans between casing and be located at the surface of the 4th hydraulic stem;4th liquid The fixing end of depression bar is connected with the front end of contiguous block by articulated elements, and the push rod front end of the 4th hydraulic stem is fixed with cleaning box and connected Connect, the fixing end of the 5th hydraulic stem is connected with the front end of contiguous block by articulated elements, and the push rod front end of the 5th hydraulic stem is hinged peace Pivot bush unit in the middle part of push rod equipped with a hinged block, the hinged block and the 4th hydraulic stem.
Further, the cleaning box includes the rectangular box and the scavenging machine in the casing of open at its lower end Structure, the cleaning agency includes several cylindric cleaning brushes, driving belt and cleans brush drive motor, and all cleaning brushes are in one Font is arranged, and the driven pulley being connected with driving belt is mounted at the top of each cleaning brush, cleans brush drive motor Outfan is provided with the drivewheel being connected with driving belt.
Further, the delivery pipe connected with housing interior volume is provided with the side wall of the casing, will by flexible pipe The delivery pipe is connected with garbage recycling bin.
Beneficial effect:A kind of stairway step Automatic vehicle for cleaning road of the present invention, the Automatic vehicle for cleaning road adopt rear wheel drive, front-wheel The operation principle climbed, and the vehicle frame support system for Auxiliary support vehicle frame, stability of climbing are installed in vehicle frame front end Well, automatic cleaning device is capable of achieving left and right translation, and elastic or even luffing angle is adjusted, and control is flexible, and sweep-out pattern is big, The Traditional Man that instead of large-scale square top bar is cleaned, efficiency high, and the dust for cleaning can be reclaimed at any time and avoid airborne dust Pollution.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the dimensional structure diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the dimensional decomposition structure diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the stereochemical structure broken section structural representation of car body in the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the dimensional structure diagram of car body in the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the scheme of installation of vehicle frame support system in the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the dimensional structure diagram of the first support meanss in the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the dimensional structure diagram of hoistable platform in the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the dimensional structure diagram of automatic cleaning device in the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the dimensional structure diagram of cleaning brush in the present invention;
Description of reference numerals:Car body 1, vehicle frame 1a, rear wheel drive system 1b, front-wheel climbing system 1c, vehicle frame support system 1d, automatic cleaning device 2, the first change speed gear box 3, the second change speed gear box 4, the 3rd change speed gear box 5, hoistable platform 6, garbage recycling bin 7, after Vehicle bridge 8, trailing wheel 9, differential mechanism 10, power transmission shaft 11, ratchet 12, front axle 13, turning-bar 14, straight-tooth groove 14a, front-wheel 15 are turned to Section 16, tooth sector 17, cam disc 18, groove 18a, ripping bar 19, the first U-shaped hole 19a, the second U-shaped hole 19b, support bar 20, the One support meanss 21, the second support meanss 22, vertically-mounted bar 23, the first hydraulic stem 24, L-type support bar 25, support wheel 26, the Two hydraulic stems 27, installing plate 28, horizontal slide plate 29, contiguous block 30, cleaning box 31, the 3rd hydraulic stem 32, the first cantilever 33, second Cantilever 34, the 4th hydraulic stem 35, the 5th hydraulic stem 36, hinged block 37, casing 38, cleaning brush 39, driving belt 40, cleaning brush drive Galvanic electricity machine 41, delivery pipe 42.
Specific embodiment
With reference to Figure of description and embodiment, the specific embodiment of the present invention is described in further detail:
Shown in seeing figures.1.and.2, a kind of stairway step Automatic vehicle for cleaning road of the present invention includes car body 1 and is arranged on car The automatic cleaning device 2 of 1 front end of body, the car body 1 include vehicle frame 1a, rear wheel drive system 1b, front-wheel climbing system 1c and Vehicle frame support system 1d, is provided with the vehicle frame 1a for driving the first change speed gear box 3 of rear wheel drive system 1b work and using In the second change speed gear box 4 for driving front-wheel climbing system 1c work, vehicle frame support system 1d is arranged at vehicle frame 1a front ends, institute State and hoistable platform 6 is installed on front-wheel climbing system 1c, the automatic cleaning device 2 is connected with the hoistable platform 6, on vehicle frame 1a The air pump for being also equipped with garbage recycling bin 7 and being connected with the garbage recycling bin 7, the garbage recycling bin 7 by pipeline with Refuse cleaner connects, and the invention is driven using trailing wheel 9, and the operation principle that front-wheel 15 climbs realizes that whole car body 1 exists Climb on step advance, automatic cleaning device 2 is arranged on hoistable platform 6, during front-wheel 15 climbs, by hoistable platform 6 height that 2 lifting of whole automatic cleaning device certain height is avoided the front end crash of automatic cleaning device 2 during climbing The step of layer, during climbing is supported to treat that front-wheel climbs by vehicle frame support system 1d to the front end of vehicle frame 1a first The action of system 1c lifts two front-wheels 15, pushes ahead whole vehicle frame 1a using 9 driving force of trailing wheel so that be elevated pieces of two Individual front-wheel 15 is set up on the step of higher level, is supported to Rear frame on higher level step when two front-wheels 15 smoothly set up System 1d resets and 1 front end of car body is supported by two front-wheels 15 again, realizes the successively cleaning work of step with this, The dust and rubbish of each layer of step cleaning generation is collected in collection box through pipeline under air pump suction temporarily Storage.
With reference to shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, first change speed gear box 3 is arranged on vehicle frame 1a rear portions, the rear wheel drive system 1b is fixedly mounted on the rear end of vehicle frame 1a, includes the rear axle 8 that is fixedly connected with vehicle frame 1a rear ends and is arranged on the rear axle 8 The trailing wheel 9 at two ends, is provided with differential mechanism 10 in rear axle 8, and the first change speed gear box 3 is connected to drive with differential mechanism 10 by power transmission shaft 11 Move two trailing wheels 9 to rotate, differential mechanism 10 can realize the speed transmission of two trailing wheels 9 during turning.
The inner side of two trailing wheels 9 is mounted on ratchet 12, is mounted on and the ratchet 12 at the two ends of rear axle 8 Elastic plectrum, to prevent rear cunning when cleaning, plays good stopping function.
Second change speed gear box 4 is arranged on the middle part of vehicle frame 1a, before the front-wheel climbing system 1c is arranged on vehicle frame 1a Side, includes front axle 13, turning-bar 14 and the front-wheel 15 installed in 13 two ends of front axle, and the inner side of two front-wheels 15 is provided with The knuckle 16 being hinged with 13 end of front axle, two knuckles 16 are also hinged with the two ends of turning-bar 14 respectively, the front truck The 3rd change speed gear box 5 is provided with by column above bridge 13, the outfan of the 3rd change speed gear box 5 is provided with tooth sector 17, is being turned to 14 upper surface of bar is provided with the straight-tooth groove 14a engaged with tooth sector 17, and the 3rd change speed gear box 5 drives tooth sector 17 to rotate with band Dynamic turning-bar 14 is translated relative to front axle 13 or so and is offset with the left and right for realizing two front-wheels 15, and then realizes that front-wheel 15 is turned to Action, the outfan of second change speed gear box 4 are provided with cam disc 18, between the cam disc 18 and front axle 13 are provided with sled Bar 19, in vehicle frame 1a be horizontally disposed with have support bar 20, ripping bar 19 middle part be socketed on the support bar 20, one end of ripping bar 19 with The middle part active link of 18 active link of cam disc, the other end and front axle 13,4 driving cam disk of the second change speed gear box 18 are rotated and are made Obtain the lifting action that ripping bar 19 realizes front-wheel climbing system 1c with support bar 20 as support using lever principle.
More specifically, fluted 18a is set on the cam disc 18, the one end being connected with figure wheel disc in ripping bar 19 is installed There is the bearing pin being slidably fitted in groove 18a, the first U-shaped hole 19a being offered at the middle part of ripping bar 19, the support bar 20 is horizontal The first U-shaped hole 19a being worn, the second U-shaped hole 19b being offered in the other end of ripping bar 19, it is second U-shaped that the front axle 13 crosses this Hole 19b.
Vehicle frame support system 1d for being supported to 1 front end of car body during 15 lifting of front-wheel, so as to front-wheel 15 smoothly lift, and vehicle frame support system 1d includes being separately mounted to vehicle frame 1a front end structure on two sides and principle identical first Support arrangement 21 and the second support meanss 22, first support meanss 21 and the second support meanss 22 include vertically-mounted bar 23rd, the first hydraulic stem 24, L-type support bar 25 and L support wheels 26, the vertically-mounted bar 23 are fixed with vehicle frame 1a in vertical state Connection, bottom and the top of vertically-mounted bar 23 of the first hydraulic stem 24 be hinged, L-type support bar 25 be provided with the first connection end, Second connection end and the 3rd connection end, first connection end be arranged on the middle part of the L-type support bar 25 and with vertically-mounted bar 23 lower end is hinged, and the second connection end is arranged on the top of L-type support bar 25 and is hinged with the outfan of the first hydraulic stem 24, L Support wheel 26 is fixedly mounted at the 3rd connection end.Under the structure situation, vertically-mounted bar 23, the first hydraulic stem 24 and L-type 25 triangularity structure of strut, can drive L-type support bar 25 around the first connection end when the outfan of the first hydraulic stem 24 is ejected Rotate to decline the height for making L support wheels 26 temporary support effect is played to contact step.
Referring to shown in Fig. 2, Fig. 6, Fig. 7, Fig. 8 and Fig. 9, the hoistable platform 6 passes through two the second hydraulic pressure being vertically arranged Bar 27 is connected with front axle 13, and the outfan of the second hydraulic stem 27 ejects to drive 6 rising height of hoistable platform so that with the liter 2 rising height of automatic cleaning device of the drop connection of platform 6;The top of the support platform is provided with installing plate 28 by bolt, It is provided with installing plate 28 and horizontal drive mechanism, the horizontal drive mechanism is included and 13 horizontally disposed level of front axle Slide rail, slide plate motor and screw mandrel, are provided with screw mandrel slide block on screw mandrel, the automatic cleaning device 2 includes horizontal slide plate 29th, contiguous block 30, cantilever and cleaning box 31, the bottom of the horizontal slide plate 29 are provided with the slide block coordinated with horizontal slide rail, institute The bottom that screw mandrel slide block is stated with horizontal slide plate 29 is fixedly connected, and rotates to drive level to slide by slide plate motor drive screw Plate 29 is moved horizontally along horizontal slide rail direction and then drives cleaning box 31 to move back and forth to expand cleaning range, water on step The front lower portion of flat runner 29 is vertically-mounted two the 3rd hydraulic stems 32, and contiguous block 30 is arranged under the front end of horizontal slide plate 29 The lower end of the 3rd hydraulic stems 32 of Fang Bingyu is fixedly connected, and cleaning box 31 is arranged on the dead ahead of contiguous block 30 and by cantilever and company Connect block 30 to connect, the 3rd hydraulic stem 32 can be used for the height for adjusting cleaning box 31.
The cantilever includes symmetrically arranged first cantilever 33 and the second cantilever 34, first cantilever 33 and the second cantilever 34 include the 4th hydraulic stem 35 and the 5th hydraulic stem 36, the two ends of the 4th hydraulic stem 35 respectively with contiguous block 30 and clear Case 31 is swept, the 5th hydraulic stem 36 is also disposed between 31 body of contiguous block 30 and cleaning box and is just located at the 4th hydraulic stem 35 Top;The fixing end of the 4th hydraulic stem 35 is connected with the front end of contiguous block 30 by articulated elements, the top of the 4th hydraulic stem 35 Bar front end is fixedly connected with cleaning box 31, and the fixing end of the 5th hydraulic stem 36 is connected with the front end of contiguous block 30 by articulated elements, The push rod front end of the 5th hydraulic stem 36 is hinged and is provided with a hinged block 37, in the push rod of the hinged block 37 and the 4th hydraulic stem 35 Portion's pivot bush unit.First cantilever 33 and 34 cooperating of the second cantilever mainly realize the angular adjustment to cleaning box 31, while Cleaning box 31 can be adjusted relative to the distance between contiguous block 30.When distance is adjusted, by controlling the 4th hydraulic stem 35 and the The push rod of five hydraulic stems 36 is ejected, and the 4th hydraulic stem 35 is ejected apart from identical with the push rod of the 5th hydraulic stem 36, is being needed When adjusting angle angle, the 4th hydraulic stem 35 does not work, and the push rod of the 5th hydraulic stem 36 ejects or bounces back to drive the 4th liquid Angular adjustment is finally realized in hinged place rotation of the depression bar 35 around its bottom.
The cleaning box 31 includes the rectangular box 38 of open at its lower end and the cleaning agency in the casing 38, The cleaning agency includes several cylindric cleaning brushes 39, driving belt 40 and cleans brush drive motor 41, all cleaning brushes 39 arrange in yi word pattern, and the top of each cleaning brush 39 is mounted on the driven pulley being connected with driving belt 40, cleaning brush The outfan of motor 41 is provided with the drivewheel being connected with driving belt 40, drives institute by brush drive motor 41 is cleaned There is cleaning brush 39 to rotate, all cleaning brushes 39 are in one line, its bottom is cleaned to step surface, it should be noted that passing through Control cantilever elongation, i.e. the 4th hydraulic stem 35 and the ejection simultaneously of the 5th hydraulic stem 36 are realizing entire row cleaning brush 39 along arranging with which The vertical direction movement of column direction is cleaned to step.
The delivery pipe 42 connected with 38 inner space of casing is provided with the side wall of the casing 38, this is arranged by flexible pipe Put pipe 42 to be connected with garbage recycling bin 7, the dust kicked up by cleaning brush 39 in cleaning process is drawn into into pressure using air pump In collection box, dust pollution in cleaning process is effectively prevent.
The above, is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, not makes any limit to the technical scope of the present invention System, therefore any trickle amendment, equivalent variations and the modification made to above example by every technical spirit according to the present invention, Still fall within the range of technical scheme.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of stairway step Automatic vehicle for cleaning road, it is characterised in that:Include car body (1) and oneself installed in car body (1) front end Dynamic clearing apparatus (2), the car body (1) include vehicle frame (1a), trailing wheel (9) drive system (1b), front-wheel (15) climbing system (1c) with vehicle frame support system (1d), it is provided with the vehicle frame (1a) for driving what trailing wheel (9) drive system (1b) worked First change speed gear box (3) and the second change speed gear box (4) for driving front-wheel (15) climbing system (1c) to work, the vehicle frame support system System (1d) is provided with hoistable platform (6) at vehicle frame (1a) front end on the front-wheel (15) climbing system (1c), it is described from Dynamic clearing apparatus (2) is connected with the hoistable platform (6), be also equipped with vehicle frame (1a) garbage recycling bin (7) and with the rubbish The air pump that collection box (7) connects, the garbage recycling bin (7) are connected with refuse cleaner by pipeline.
2. a kind of stairway step Automatic vehicle for cleaning road according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:First change speed gear box (3) Installed in vehicle frame (1a) rear portion, the trailing wheel (9) drive system (1b) is fixedly mounted on the rear end of vehicle frame (1a), includes and car Rear axle (8) and the trailing wheel (9) installed in the rear axle (8) two ends that frame (1a) rear end is fixedly connected, install in rear axle (8) There is differential mechanism (10), the first change speed gear box (3) is connected with differential mechanism (10) by power transmission shaft (11).
3. a kind of stairway step Automatic vehicle for cleaning road according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Two trailing wheels (9) Inner side is mounted on ratchet (12), is mounted on the elastic plectrum with the ratchet (12) at the two ends of rear axle (8), clear to prevent Rear cunning when sweeping, plays good stopping function.
4. a kind of stairway step Automatic vehicle for cleaning road according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Second change speed gear box (4) Installed in the middle part of vehicle frame (1a), the front-wheel (15) climbing system (1c) is arranged on the front side of vehicle frame (1a), includes front truck Bridge (13), turning-bar (14) and be arranged on front axle (13) two ends front-wheel (15), be provided with the inside of two front-wheels (15) with The knuckle (16) that front axle (13) end is hinged, two knuckles (16) are also hinged with the two ends of turning-bar (14) respectively, institute State and the 3rd change speed gear box (5) is provided with by column above front axle (13), the outfan of the 3rd change speed gear box (5) is provided with steering tooth Wheel (17), is provided with the straight-tooth groove (14a) engaged with tooth sector (17), second change speed gear box in turning-bar (14) upper surface (4) outfan is provided with cam disc (18), and ripping bar (19), vehicle frame are provided between the cam disc (18) and front axle (13) (1a) being horizontally disposed with has support bar (20), is socketed on the support bar (20), one end of ripping bar (19) in the middle part of ripping bar (19) With the middle part active link of cam disc (18) active link, the other end and front axle (13).
5. a kind of stairway step Automatic vehicle for cleaning road according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:Set on the cam disc (18) Groove (18a) is equipped with, the one end being connected with figure wheel disc in ripping bar (19) is provided with the pin being slidably fitted in the groove (18a) Axle, offers the first U-shaped hole (19a) in the middle part of ripping bar (19), and the support bar (20) crosses the first U-shaped hole (19a), The other end of ripping bar (19) offers the second U-shaped hole (19b), and the front axle (13) crosses the second U-shaped hole (19b).
6. a kind of stairway step Automatic vehicle for cleaning road according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The vehicle frame support system (1d) including be separately mounted to vehicle frame (1a) front end structure on two sides and the first support meanss of principle identical (21) and second support Device (22), first support meanss (21) and the second support meanss (22) include vertically-mounted bar (23), the first liquid Depression bar (24), L-type support bar (25) and L support wheels (26), the vertically-mounted bar (23) are solid with vehicle frame (1a) in vertical state It is fixed to connect, it is hinged at the top of the bottom of the first hydraulic stem (24) and vertically-mounted bar (23), L-type support bar (25) is provided with first Connection end, the second connection end and the 3rd connection end, first connection end be arranged on the middle part of the L-type support bar (25) and with it is perpendicular The lower end of straight mounting rod (23) is hinged, the second connection end be arranged on the top of L-type support bar (25) and with the first hydraulic stem (24) Outfan be hinged, L support wheels (26) are fixedly mounted at the 3rd connection end.
7. a kind of stairway step Automatic vehicle for cleaning road according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The hoistable platform (6) is led to Cross two the second hydraulic stems (27) being vertically arranged to be connected with front axle (13), the outfan of the second hydraulic stem (27) ejects to drive Dynamic hoistable platform (6) rising height, the top of the support platform is provided with installing plate (28) by bolt, in installing plate (28) On be provided with and horizontal drive mechanism, the horizontal drive mechanism include horizontally disposed horizontal slide rail, slide plate motor and Screw mandrel, is provided with screw mandrel slide block on screw mandrel, the automatic cleaning device (2) includes horizontal slide plate (29), contiguous block (30), hangs Arm and cleaning box (31), the bottom of the horizontal slide plate (29) are provided with the slide block coordinated with horizontal slide rail, the screw mandrel slide block It is fixedly connected with the bottom of horizontal slide plate (29), the front lower portion of horizontal slide plate (29) is vertically-mounted there are two the 3rd hydraulic stems (32), contiguous block (30) is arranged on below the front end of horizontal slide plate (29) and is fixedly connected with the lower end of the 3rd hydraulic stem (32), Cleaning box (31) is arranged on the dead ahead of contiguous block (30) and is connected with contiguous block (30) by cantilever.
8. a kind of stairway step Automatic vehicle for cleaning road according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:The cantilever includes symmetrically setting The first cantilever (33) put and the second cantilever (34), first cantilever (33) and the second cantilever (34) include the 4th hydraulic pressure Bar (35) and the 5th hydraulic stem (36), the two ends of the 4th hydraulic stem (35) respectively with contiguous block (30) and cleaning box (31), 5th hydraulic stem (36) is also disposed between contiguous block (30) and cleaning box (31) body and is located at the 4th hydraulic stem (35) Surface;The fixing end of the 4th hydraulic stem (35) is connected with the front end of contiguous block (30) by articulated elements, the 4th hydraulic stem (35) push rod front end is fixedly connected with cleaning box (31), and the fixing end of the 5th hydraulic stem (36) passes through articulated elements and contiguous block (30) front end connection, the push rod front end of the 5th hydraulic stem (36) are hinged and are provided with a hinged block (37), the hinged block (37) With pivot bush unit in the middle part of the push rod of the 4th hydraulic stem (35).
9. a kind of stairway step Automatic vehicle for cleaning road according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:The cleaning box (31) includes There are the rectangular box (38) and the cleaning agency being arranged in the casing (38) of open at its lower end, the cleaning agency includes some Individual cylindric cleaning brush (39), driving belt (40) and cleaning brush drive motor (41), all cleaning brushes (39) are arranged in yi word pattern Row, are mounted on the driven pulley being connected with driving belt (40) at the top of each cleaning brush (39), clean brush drive motor (41) outfan is provided with the drivewheel being connected with driving belt (40).
10. a kind of stairway step Automatic vehicle for cleaning road according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:The side of the casing (38) The delivery pipe (42) connected with casing (38) inner space is provided with wall, by flexible pipe by the delivery pipe (42) and garbage reclamation Case (7) connects.
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CN108158481A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-06-15 广东技术师范学院 A kind of building glass cleaning robot
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CN111321693A (en) * 2020-04-03 2020-06-23 李静 Expansion roller and expansion driving mechanism of dual-purpose cleaning roller for road surface and steps
CN111335246A (en) * 2020-04-03 2020-06-26 李静 Telescopic roller and telescopic driving mechanism of dual-purpose cleaning roller for road surface and steps
CN111335245A (en) * 2020-04-03 2020-06-26 李静 Dual-purpose cleaning roller, deformation structure, cleaning device and descaling machine for road surface and steps
CN111335244A (en) * 2020-04-03 2020-06-26 李静 Adjusting device for road surface and step dual-purpose cleaning roller

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CN108158481A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-06-15 广东技术师范学院 A kind of building glass cleaning robot
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CN111321693A (en) * 2020-04-03 2020-06-23 李静 Expansion roller and expansion driving mechanism of dual-purpose cleaning roller for road surface and steps
CN111335246A (en) * 2020-04-03 2020-06-26 李静 Telescopic roller and telescopic driving mechanism of dual-purpose cleaning roller for road surface and steps
CN111335245A (en) * 2020-04-03 2020-06-26 李静 Dual-purpose cleaning roller, deformation structure, cleaning device and descaling machine for road surface and steps
CN111335244A (en) * 2020-04-03 2020-06-26 李静 Adjusting device for road surface and step dual-purpose cleaning roller
CN111321693B (en) * 2020-04-03 2021-11-12 江苏锡拖农机有限公司 Expansion roller of dual-purpose cleaning roller for road surface and steps

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