CN111335245A - Dual-purpose cleaning roller, deformation structure, cleaning device and descaling machine for road surface and steps - Google Patents

Dual-purpose cleaning roller, deformation structure, cleaning device and descaling machine for road surface and steps Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN111335245A
CN111335245A CN202010256954.4A CN202010256954A CN111335245A CN 111335245 A CN111335245 A CN 111335245A CN 202010256954 A CN202010256954 A CN 202010256954A CN 111335245 A CN111335245 A CN 111335245A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cleaning
roller
deformation
panel
connecting pipe
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN202010256954.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李静
牛诗童
马俊
马元浩
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Individual
Original Assignee
Individual
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Individual filed Critical Individual
Priority to CN202010256954.4A priority Critical patent/CN111335245A/en
Publication of CN111335245A publication Critical patent/CN111335245A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H6/00Apparatus equipped with, or having provisions for equipping with, both elements for especially removal of refuse or the like and elements for removal of snow or ice
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H1/00Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface
    • E01H1/08Pneumatically dislodging or taking-up undesirable matter or small objects; Drying by heat only or by streams of gas; Cleaning by projecting abrasive particles
    • E01H1/0827Dislodging by suction; Mechanical dislodging-cleaning apparatus with independent or dependent exhaust, e.g. dislodging-sweeping machines with independent suction nozzles ; Mechanical loosening devices working under vacuum
    • E01H1/0836Apparatus dislodging all of the dirt by suction ; Suction nozzles
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H1/00Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface
    • E01H1/08Pneumatically dislodging or taking-up undesirable matter or small objects; Drying by heat only or by streams of gas; Cleaning by projecting abrasive particles
    • E01H1/0827Dislodging by suction; Mechanical dislodging-cleaning apparatus with independent or dependent exhaust, e.g. dislodging-sweeping machines with independent suction nozzles ; Mechanical loosening devices working under vacuum
    • E01H1/0836Apparatus dislodging all of the dirt by suction ; Suction nozzles
    • E01H1/0845Apparatus dislodging all of the dirt by suction ; Suction nozzles with mechanical loosening or feeding instruments for the dirt to be sucked- up, e.g. brushes, scrapers
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H5/00Removing snow or ice from roads or like surfaces; Grading or roughening snow or ice
    • E01H5/10Removing snow or ice from roads or like surfaces; Grading or roughening snow or ice by application of heat for melting snow or ice, whether cleared or not, combined or not with clearing or removing mud or water, e.g. burners for melting in situ, heated clearing instruments; Cleaning snow by blowing or suction only
    • E01H5/108Devices for melting snow or ice in situ and removing subsequently for the mud or melting water
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H1/00Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface
    • E01H1/08Pneumatically dislodging or taking-up undesirable matter or small objects; Drying by heat only or by streams of gas; Cleaning by projecting abrasive particles
    • E01H2001/0881Details for pneumatically dislodging or removing not related to the mouth-piece

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of cleaning machinery, and particularly relates to a road surface and step dual-purpose cleaning roller and a cleaning machine adopting the cleaning roller, wherein the cleaning roller comprises: the cleaning device comprises a roller, a deformation structure, a frame and a cleaning device, wherein the interior of the roller is connected with the frame through the deformation structure, and the cleaning device is connected with the roller; the cleaning roller promotes through the cleaning cart, and the cleaning cart includes: automobile body, athey wheel, connection platform and articulated seat, the both sides of automobile body are provided with the athey wheel, the upper end of automobile body is provided with the connection platform, and the front end of connecting the platform is provided with articulated seat, and this connecting seat is connected with the frame attach of cleaning roller, and when the surface parallel of panel and step side board was stepped on to the step, can constitute the plane on a monoblock adaptation ground, step panel and step side board through the hinge back of buckling, can constitute the echelonment that adapts to the step face, can adapt to the clearance needs of ground and step.

Description

Dual-purpose cleaning roller, deformation structure, cleaning device and descaling machine for road surface and steps
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of cleaning machines, and particularly relates to a road surface and step dual-purpose cleaning roller and a cleaning machine adopting the cleaning roller.
Background
The existing plane cleaning technology for the road surface is mature, the cleaning plane parallel to the road surface is connected with the airflow generator, when a dust collector is adopted, the cleaning plane is connected with the cleaning plane through a pipeline to form a dust collecting head, the dust on the road surface can be cleaned, when an air heater is adopted, the air heater is connected with the cleaning plane through a pipeline, the snow and thin ice on the road surface can be cleaned, due to the structure of the step, the stepped cleaning plane adaptive to the step is preferably adopted for cleaning the step, the traditional plane cleaning plane cannot be directly applicable to cleaning the step, and the plane cleaning plane applicable to the step cannot be used for plane cleaning.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention overcomes the defects of the prior art, provides a dual-purpose cleaning roller for a road surface and steps, and the cleaning roller can form a cleaning plane parallel to the ground or be converted into a step-shaped cleaning plane adaptive to the steps.
The technical scheme of the invention is as follows:
a dual-purpose cleaning roll for road surface and steps comprises: the cleaning device comprises a roller, a deformation structure, a frame and a cleaning device, wherein the interior of the roller is connected with the frame through the deformation structure, and the cleaning device is connected with the roller;
the roller is provided with a plurality of cleaning surfaces, each cleaning surface is formed by hinging and connecting a step tread panel and a step side panel, adjacent cleaning surfaces are hinged and connected through the step tread panel of one cleaning surface and the step side panel of the other cleaning surface, and the plurality of cleaning surfaces form a closed-loop chain structure;
the deformation structure includes: the deformation disc comprises a rotary drum, supporting arms and a deformation disc, wherein the number of the supporting arms corresponds to that of step tread plates, one ends of the supporting arms are hinged to the outer wall of the rotary drum at intervals of equal circumference, the other ends of the supporting arms are hinged to one step tread plate respectively, the deformation disc is sleeved on the rotary drum, a plurality of notches are formed in the disc surface of the deformation disc at equal circumference, the number of the notches corresponds to that of the supporting arms, the notches are arc-shaped, one ends of the arc-shaped notches are located at the center of the deformation disc, and the other ends of the arc-shaped notches are located on the outer side of the deformation disc;
the frame includes: the main shaft is arranged at the front end of the frame body and is a hollow cylinder, and the main shaft penetrates through the rotary drum;
the cleaning device comprises: the air flow generator comprises an air flow generator, a first connecting pipe and a second connecting pipe, wherein one end of the first connecting pipe is connected with the air flow generator, the other end of the first connecting pipe passes through an end cover and is connected with the end of the main shaft, a plurality of second connecting pipes are arranged at one ends of the second connecting pipes along the circumference of the rotary drum, the main shaft is provided with a butt joint corresponding to the second connecting pipes, and the other ends of the second connecting pipes are respectively connected with a step pedal panel or a step side panel.
Furthermore, the surfaces of the step tread panel and the step side panel are provided with a plurality of air holes, and the air holes are communicated with the second connecting pipe.
Furthermore, the butt joint port on the main shaft faces downwards, the two second connecting pipes of the step tread panel and the step side panel on one surface of the rotary drum are a connecting pipe group, and the connecting points of the adjacent connecting pipe groups on the rotary drum have a space which is larger than the width of the butt joint port.
Further, the airflow generator is a warm air blower or a dust collector.
Further, the device also comprises an adjusting device which can fix the relative position of the deformation disc and the rotary drum in the circumferential direction.
The utility model provides an adopt dual-purpose descaling machine of road surface, step cleaning roller, the cleaning roller promote through the cleaning cart, the cleaning cart includes: the cleaning device comprises a vehicle body, crawler wheels, a connecting table and hinged seats, wherein the crawler wheels are arranged on two sides of the vehicle body, the length of each crawler wheel is larger than the distance between every two steps, the connecting table is arranged at the upper end of the vehicle body, the cleaning device of the cleaning roller is arranged on the connecting table, the hinged seats are arranged at the front end of the connecting table, and the connecting seats are connected with the frames of the cleaning roller.
A deformation structure for a road-surface, step-dual-purpose cleaning roll, the deformation structure comprising: the deformation disc comprises a rotary drum, a support arm and a deformation disc, wherein one end of the support arm is hinged to the outer wall of the rotary drum at intervals of equal division circumferences, the rotary drum is sleeved on a main shaft of a cleaning roller, the other end of the support arm is hinged to a step tread plate, the deformation disc is sleeved on the rotary drum, a plurality of notches are formed in the disc surface of the deformation disc at equal division circumferences, the number of the notches corresponds to the number of the support arm, the side surface of the support arm is connected with the notches in a sliding mode through a sliding rod, the notches are arc-shaped, one end of each arc-shaped notch is located at the center of the deformation disc, and the other end of each arc-shaped notch is located on the outer side of the deformation disc.
A cleaning device for a road surface and step dual-purpose cleaning roller, comprising: the air flow generator, the first connecting pipe and the second connecting pipe, the one end of first connecting pipe be connected with the air flow generator, the other end of first connecting pipe passes through the end cover and the end connection of the main shaft of cleaning roller, the main shaft is both ends open-ended tubulose axle, a plurality of the one end of second connecting pipe set up on the rotary drum along the circumference, the rotary drum closely cup joints on the main shaft, be provided with on the main shaft with the interface that the second connecting pipe corresponds, the other end of a plurality of second connecting pipe is stepped on panel or a step side panel with a step respectively and is connected.
An adjusting device for a road surface and step dual-purpose cleaning roller comprises: the connecting cylinder is sleeved on the rotary drum, one end of the connecting cylinder is fixedly connected with the deformation disc, the other end of the connecting cylinder is fixedly connected with the first helical gear, the first helical gear is coaxially sleeved on the rotary drum, the second helical gear is perpendicular to the axis of the rotary drum and meshed with the first helical gear, a rotating shaft of the second helical gear is fixedly connected on the rotary drum, the outer side of the second helical gear is fixedly connected with the adjusting slide bar, one end of the adjusting slide bar is eccentrically arranged on the second helical gear, the other end of the adjusting slide bar is inserted into the sliding groove of the adjusting slide ring, the sliding groove is a circular arc-shaped sliding groove arranged on the inner side of the adjusting slide ring, the outer side of the adjusting slide ring is connected with the slide ring fixing disc through a plurality of axial guide structures, and the slide ring fixing disc is fixedly connected on the main shaft, the slip ring driving piece is fixedly arranged on the slip ring fixing disc and is a linear driving piece, and the extending end of the slip ring driving piece is fixedly connected with the slip ring fixing disc.
Further, the axial guiding structure comprises: the sliding ring adjusting device comprises guide sleeves and guide rods, wherein a plurality of guide sleeves are arranged on the outer side of the adjusting sliding ring in an equally-divided circumferential mode, each guide sleeve is internally provided with one guide rod, and one end of each guide rod is fixedly connected to the sliding ring fixing disc.
Furthermore, a group of guide sleeves and guide rods in the axial guide structure are used as the extending ends of the sliding ring driving piece, threads are arranged inside the guide sleeves in the group, and the guide rods in the group are threaded lead screws.
Furthermore, the slip ring driving part comprises a slip ring driving motor, the motor is fixedly arranged on a slip ring fixing disc, and a rotating shaft of the motor is connected with the threaded lead screw.
Further, two second bevel gears are symmetrically arranged on the rotary drum.
Furthermore, the second helical gear comprises a cylindrical gear and a connecting shaft gear, rotating shafts of the cylindrical gear and the connecting shaft gear are fixed on the rotating drum, the adjusting slide rod is fixed on the cylindrical gear, the cylindrical gear is meshed with the upper end of the connecting shaft gear to form an accelerating gear, and the lower end of the cylindrical gear is meshed with the first helical gear.
An adjusting device for a road surface and step dual-purpose cleaning roller comprises: the connecting cylinder is sleeved on the rotary drum, one end of the connecting cylinder is fixedly connected with the deformation disc, the other end of the connecting cylinder is fixedly connected with the first helical gear, the first helical gear is coaxially sleeved on the rotary drum, the second helical gear is perpendicular to the axis of the rotary drum and meshed with the first helical gear, a rotating shaft of the second helical gear is fixedly connected on the rotary drum, the outer side of the second helical gear is fixedly connected with the adjusting slide bar, one end of the adjusting slide bar is eccentrically arranged on the second helical gear, the other end of the adjusting slide bar is inserted into the chute of the adjusting slide ring, the chute is a circular chute arranged on the inner side of the adjusting slide ring, the outer side of the adjusting slide ring is connected with the slide ring fixing disc through a plurality of axial guide structures, and the slide ring fixing disc is fixedly connected on the main shaft, the slip ring driving piece is fixedly arranged on the slip ring fixing disc and is a linear driving piece, and the extending end of the slip ring driving piece is fixedly connected with the slip ring fixing disc.
Further, the axial guiding structure comprises: the sliding ring adjusting device comprises guide sleeves and guide rods, wherein a plurality of guide sleeves are arranged on the outer side of the adjusting sliding ring in an equally-divided circumferential mode, each guide sleeve is internally provided with one guide rod, and one end of each guide rod is fixedly connected to the sliding ring fixing disc.
Furthermore, a group of guide sleeves and guide rods in the axial guide structure are used as the extending ends of the sliding ring driving piece, threads are arranged inside the guide sleeves in the group, and the guide rods in the group are threaded lead screws.
Furthermore, the slip ring driving part comprises a slip ring driving motor, the motor is fixedly arranged on a slip ring fixing disc, and a rotating shaft of the motor is connected with the threaded lead screw.
Further, two second bevel gears are symmetrically arranged on the rotary drum.
Furthermore, the second helical gear comprises a cylindrical gear and a connecting shaft gear, rotating shafts of the cylindrical gear and the connecting shaft gear are fixed on the rotating drum, the adjusting slide rod is fixed on the cylindrical gear, the cylindrical gear is meshed with the upper end of the connecting shaft gear to form an accelerating gear, and the lower end of the cylindrical gear is meshed with the first helical gear.
Further, the dual-purpose cleaning roller of road surface, step includes: the roller comprises a roller body, a deformation structure, a frame and a cleaning device, wherein the inside of the roller body is connected with the frame through the deformation structure, and the cleaning device is connected with the roller body.
An expansion roller for a dual-purpose cleaning roller for a road surface and steps is provided with a plurality of cleaning surfaces, each cleaning surface is formed by hinging and connecting a step tread panel and a step side panel, adjacent cleaning surfaces are hinged and connected through the step tread panel of one cleaning surface and the step side panel of the other cleaning surface, and the plurality of cleaning surfaces form a closed-loop chain structure;
the step tread plate comprises: the side plug board, the connecting plug board and the middle plug board are arranged, two sides of the middle plug board are respectively provided with a slot, each slot is inserted into one side of one connecting plug board, the other side of each connecting plug board is inserted into a slot on one side of one side plug board, and the other side of each side plug board is provided with a hinge;
the step side panel is the same as the step tread plate in structure, and the difference is that the width of the step side panel is smaller than that of the step tread plate;
every step panel and step side panel on all be provided with extension mechanism, extension mechanism includes: positive and negative tooth lead screw, first slider and second slider, the centre of positive and negative tooth lead screw is rotated and is connected on the intermediate insertion plate, the both sides of positive and negative tooth lead screw all are provided with first screw thread section and second screw thread section, the pitch of second screw thread section is the twice of first screw thread section pitch, has cup jointed first slider in the first screw thread section, and first slider is fixed to be set up connect the picture peg on, the second screw thread section has cup jointed the second slider, and the second slider is fixed to be set up on the side picture peg.
An extension actuating mechanism for an extension roller, each step tread panel and step side panel on all be provided with extension actuating mechanism, extension actuating mechanism includes: the bevel gear set comprises two meshed bevel gears, the first bevel gear is sleeved on the positive and negative screw rod, the second bevel gear is rotatably arranged on the driving mechanism seat, the second bevel gear is connected with the rack through a cylindrical gear, the rack is slidably arranged on the driving mechanism seat, the driving mechanism seat is fixedly arranged on the middle inserting plate, two sides of the rack are respectively fixedly connected with one end of a pull rope, the other end of the pull rope sequentially bypasses the first pulley and the second pulley along different winding directions, after the pull rope bypasses the first pulley and the second pulley, the pull rope is connected with the pull rope on one side opposite to the adjacent extension driving mechanism after the third pulley is bypassed from the outer side, the third pulley is arranged on a hinged shaft of the adjacent step pedal panel and the step, first pulley is fixed through first pulley yoke on the middle picture peg, the second pulley sets up connect on the picture peg, first pulley setting is in the outside of second pulley, and the interval of a pulley staggers of first pulley and second pulley, makes the stay cord is parallel to each other by pulley divided rope segment.
Furthermore, each step pedal panel and each step side panel are provided with two extension mechanisms, the two extension mechanisms are respectively arranged at two ends of the step pedal panel or the step side panel, and each extension mechanism is provided with an extension driving mechanism.
Furthermore, two ends of at least one middle inserting plate are respectively provided with a screw rod sliding block mechanism driven by a motor to drive the rack to move.
Furthermore, the side inserting plates and the middle inserting plate are provided with two stopping blocks which extend outwards, and the side faces of the stopping blocks are abutted against the end parts of the connecting inserting plates.
Furthermore, the inside of side picture peg, connection picture peg and middle picture peg is hollow setting, and a side surface is provided with a plurality of gas pockets, and another side surface is provided with the connecting pipe mouth.
Further, the dual-purpose cleaning roller of road surface, step includes: the cleaning device comprises a roller, a deformation structure, a frame and a cleaning device, wherein the interior of the roller is connected with the frame through the deformation structure, and the cleaning device is connected with the roller;
a telescopic roller for a dual-purpose cleaning roller for a road surface and a step is provided with a plurality of cleaning surfaces, each cleaning surface is formed by hinging and connecting a step tread panel and a step side panel, adjacent cleaning surfaces are hinged and connected through the step tread panel of one cleaning surface and the step side panel of the other cleaning surface, and the plurality of cleaning surfaces form a closed-loop chain structure;
the step tread plate comprises: the side plug board comprises side plug boards, connecting plug boards, a middle plug board and a reset spring, wherein two sides of the middle plug board are respectively provided with a slot, each slot is inserted into one side of one connecting plug board, the other side of each connecting plug board is inserted into a slot on one side of one side plug board, the other side of each side plug board is provided with a hinge, and the slots of the side plug boards and the middle plug board are respectively provided with the reset spring;
the step side panel is the same as the step tread plate in structure, and the difference is that the width of the step side panel is smaller than that of the step tread plate;
every step panel and step side board on all be provided with telescopic machanism, telescopic machanism includes: the first telescopic stay cord, the second telescopic stay cord, the first telescopic pulley, the second telescopic pulley and the movable telescopic slider are arranged on the middle plug board in a sliding manner, two first telescopic pulleys are arranged above the movable telescopic slider and are respectively fixedly arranged on the middle plug board, one ends of the two first telescopic stay cords are fixedly connected to the movable telescopic pulley, the other ends of the two first telescopic stay cords are fixedly connected with a connecting plug board after bypassing one first telescopic pulley, the rope sections of the first telescopic stay cords, which are positioned at two sides of the first telescopic pulley, are mutually vertical, the rope section between the first telescopic pulley and the movable telescopic pulley is parallel to the sliding path of the movable telescopic pulley, and two second telescopic pulleys are arranged above the movable telescopic slider, and two flexible pulleys of second are all fixed to be set up middle picture peg, two the flexible stay cord of second one end equal fixed connection be in the side picture peg on, two the other end of the flexible stay cord of second walk around the flexible pulley of second of homonymy back from the top, walk around the pulley on the flexible pulley of removal from the below after, fixed connection is on middle picture peg, the flexible stay cord of second be located remove the rope section of the pulley both sides on the flexible pulley be on a parallel with remove the slip path of flexible pulley, the flexible stay cord of second be located the rope section mutually perpendicular of the flexible pulley both sides of second.
The utility model provides a flexible actuating mechanism for telescopic roller, every the step on panel and step side board on all be provided with flexible actuating mechanism, flexible actuating mechanism includes: first drive pulley, second drive pulley and drive stay cord, two first drive pulley all set up remove telescopic slider's below, and two first drive pulley all fixed settings are in on the middle picture peg, the one end of drive stay cord is connected with the flexible actuating mechanism's of one side drive stay cord, and the other end of drive stay cord is walked around behind the first drive pulley of homonymy from the below, walks around behind the pulley on the removal telescopic pulley from the top, walks around behind the first drive pulley of offside from the below and is connected with the flexible actuating mechanism's of opposite side drive stay cord behind the second drive pulley, the second drive pulley sets up on the articulated shaft of panel and step side panel is stepped on at adjacent step.
Furthermore, each step pedal panel and step side panel are provided with two telescopic mechanisms, the two telescopic mechanisms are respectively arranged at two ends of the step pedal panel or the step side panel, and each telescopic mechanism is provided with a telescopic driving mechanism.
Furthermore, two ends of at least one middle insertion plate are respectively provided with a winch driven by a motor, a driving pull rope positioned at the winch is disconnected, one of two disconnected rope ends is fixedly connected to the middle insertion plate, and the other of the two rope ends is wound on the winch.
Furthermore, the side inserting plates and the middle inserting plate are provided with two stopping blocks which extend outwards, and the side faces of the stopping blocks are abutted against the end parts of the connecting inserting plates.
Furthermore, the inside of side picture peg, connection picture peg and middle picture peg is hollow setting, and a side surface is provided with a plurality of gas pockets, and another side surface is provided with the connecting pipe mouth.
Further, the dual-purpose cleaning roller of road surface, step includes: the cleaning device comprises a roller, a deformation structure, a frame and a cleaning device, wherein the interior of the roller is connected with the frame through the deformation structure, and the cleaning device is connected with the roller;
the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the cleaning plane adopted by the cleaning roller is formed by hinging and connecting a step tread panel and a step side panel, when the surfaces of the step tread panel and the step side panel are parallel, a whole plane adaptive to the ground can be formed, and after the step tread panel and the step side panel are bent through hinges, a step adaptive to the step surface can be formed, so that one cleaning plane can adapt to the ground and the steps.
2. The roller is provided with a plurality of cleaning surfaces, each cleaning surface is formed by hinging and connecting a step tread panel and a step side panel, and the plurality of cleaning surfaces form a closed-loop chain structure.
3. According to the invention, the deformation structure is arranged between the roller and the shaft, the roller is supported by the support arm, the support arm arranged on the deformation disc in a sliding manner can change the support height of the support arm to the roller when the deformation disc is rotated, and the support point of the support arm to the roller is positioned at the hinge of the cleaning surface of the roller, so that the angle between the step tread panel and the step side panel can be changed by changing the support height, and the surface of the step tread panel and the surface of the step side panel can be converted from parallel to bending.
4. The adjusting device is arranged on a rotating shaft of the roller, the sliding ring is pushed to move through a sliding ring driving piece arranged on the frame, the adjusting sliding rod is pushed to move along the axis direction of the rotating shaft, the second bevel gear is rotated, the deformation disc is driven to rotate through the meshed first bevel gear, the deformation structure is driven to move, automatic deformation of the roller is achieved, deformation is convenient, and rapid conversion from flat ground to steps is achieved.
5. The roller adopts an expansion roller or a telescopic roller, the step tread panel and the step side panel both adopt a structure with a plurality of splicing blocks in the width direction, and the splicing structure is formed by splicing a side plugboard, a connecting plugboard and a middle plugboard, so that the width can be adjusted, and the roller is further suitable for step structures with different proportions.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of a dual-purpose cleaning roller for road surface and steps;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of the roll of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of the deformed configuration of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the frame and cleaning apparatus of FIG. 1;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a connection structure of a second connection pipe;
FIG. 6 is a view showing the arrangement of through holes of the main shaft;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the structure of the descaling machine;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the structure of the adjusting device;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of an adjustment device;
FIG. 10 is a schematic structural view of an expanding roller;
FIG. 11 is an enlarged view of a portion of FIG. 10;
FIG. 12 is a schematic structural view of a telescopic roller;
FIG. 13 is an enlarged view of a portion of FIG. 12;
in the figure: 1, a roller; 2, deforming the structure; 3, a frame; 4, cleaning the device; 5, adjusting the device; 6, cleaning a vehicle; 1-1 step tread panel; 1-2 step side panels; 1-3 an expansion mechanism; 1-4 expanding the driving mechanism; 1-5 telescoping mechanisms; 1-6 telescopic driving mechanism; 2-1 drum; 2-2 support arms; 2-3 deformation disks; 3-1, a frame body; 3-2, a main shaft; 4-1 airflow generator; 4-2 a first connecting tube; 4-3 second connecting pipes; 5-1 connecting cylinder; 5-2 a first bevel gear; 5-3 a second bevel gear; 5-4 adjusting the sliding rod; 5-5 adjusting slip ring; 5-6 slip ring fixing discs; 5-7 slip ring drives; 6-1 vehicle body; 6-2 track wheels; 6-3 connecting table; 6-4 hinge seats; 1-1-1 side plug board; 1-1-2 connecting plug boards; 1-1-3 intermediate plugboards; 1-1-4 return springs; 1-3-1 positive and negative tooth lead screw; 1-3-2 a first slider; 1-3-3 second slide block; 1-4-1 bevel gear set; 1-4-2 rack; 1-4-3 driving mechanism seat; 1-4-4 pulling ropes; 1-4-5 a first pulley; 1-4-6 second pulleys; 1-4-7 a third pulley; 1-4-8 a first sheave frame; 1-5-1 a first telescopic pull rope; 1-5-2 second telescopic pull ropes; 1-5-3 a first telescopic pulley; 1-5-4 second telescopic pulleys; 1-5-5 moving the telescopic slide block; 1-6-1 a first drive pulley; 1-6-2 second drive pulley; 1-6-3 drive the pull rope.
Detailed Description
The invention will be described in detail below with reference to the following drawings:
detailed description of the invention
According to the dual-purpose cleaning roller for the road surface and the steps, the cleaning roller has a deformation function and can be deformed into two states, the cleaning surface of the cleaning roller is horizontal in the first state and used for cleaning the plane ground, and the cleaning surface of the cleaning roller is bent in the second state and is changed into a shape adaptive to the steps and used for cleaning the steps;
as shown in fig. 1, the method includes: the device comprises a roller 1, a deformation structure 2, a frame 3 and a cleaning device 4, wherein the inside of the roller 1 is connected with the frame 3 through the deformation structure 2, and the cleaning device is connected with the roller 1;
the roller 1 is deformed through the deformation structure 2, the roller 1 is pushed to move through the frame 3, the roller 1 slides on the ground in a first state, the roller 1 rolls along a step in a second state, and the cleaning device 4 is connected to the surface of the roller 1 through a pipeline to clean the ground or the step;
as shown in a combined figure 2, the roller 1 is provided with a plurality of cleaning surfaces, each cleaning surface is formed by hinging and connecting a step tread panel 1-1 and a step side panel 1-2, adjacent cleaning surfaces are hinged and connected through the step tread panel 1-1 of one cleaning surface and the step side panel 1-2 of the other cleaning surface, and the plurality of cleaning surfaces form a closed-loop chain structure;
in the second state, the hinge point of the step tread panel 1-1 and the step side panel 1-2 is bent inwards to form a pit which can be clamped and embedded at the vertex of the step, so that the roller 1 can roll on the step in sequence, the step tread panel 1-1 is superposed with the step tread, and the step side panel 1-2 is superposed with the side surface of the step, thereby not only being capable of adapting to the shape of the step to clean the step, but also being capable of cleaning the side surface of the step;
as shown in fig. 3, the deformation structure 2 includes: the device comprises a rotary drum 2-1, support arms 2-2 and deformation discs 2-3, wherein the number of the support arms 2-2 corresponds to that of step tread panels 1-1, one ends of a plurality of the support arms 2-2 are hinged to the outer wall of the rotary drum 2-1 at intervals of equal circumference, the other ends of a plurality of the support arms 2-2 are hinged to one step tread panel 1-1 respectively, the deformation discs 2-3 are sleeved on the rotary drum 2-1, a plurality of notches are formed in the disc surface of each deformation disc 2-3 at equal circumference, the number of the notches corresponds to that of the support arms 2-2, the side surfaces of the support arms 2-2 are connected with the notches in a sliding mode through sliding rods, the notches are arc-shaped, and one ends of the arc-shaped notches are located at the centers of the deformation discs 2-3, the other end of the arc-shaped notch is positioned on the outer side of the deformation disc 2-3;
when the deformation disc 2-3 rotates relative to the rotary drum 2-1, the notches on the deformation disc 2-3 push the middle of the support arm 2-2 to move through the slide rods, because the notches are obliquely arranged, when the deformation disc 2-3 rotates, the distance between the middle position of the support arm 2-2 and the axis of the rotary drum 2-1 can be pushed to change, because the lower end of the support arm 2-2 is hinged on the rotary drum 2-1, the upper end of the support arm 2-2 extends outwards or retracts inwards, meanwhile, because of the notches of the deformation disc 2-3, the support arms 2-2 synchronously move, the support arm 2-2 pushes the step tread panel 1-1 outwards to the step tread panel 1-1 to be parallel to the step side panel 1-2 in a first state, and in a second state, the support arm 2-2 pulls the step tread panel 1-1 inwards to the step tread panel 1-1 to be parallel to the step side panel 1-2 The outer side of the side panel 1-2 is provided with a recess, and the deformation structure 2 plays a role in supporting the roller 1 on one hand, and can drive the roller 1 to deform and switch between a first state and a second state on the other hand;
as shown in fig. 4, the frame 3 includes: the device comprises a frame body 3-1 and a main shaft 3-2, wherein the main shaft 3-2 is arranged at the front end of the frame body 3-1, the main shaft 3-2 is a hollow cylinder, and the main shaft 3-2 penetrates through the rotary drum 2-1; the frame body 3-1 is used for being connected with the outside, the front section of the frame body 3-1 is connected with the main shaft 3-2, the main shaft 3-2 does not rotate, the drum 2-1 sleeved outside the main shaft 3-2 drives the roller 1 and the deformation structure 2 to rotate, the hollow inside of the main shaft 3-2 is used as a pipeline through which air flows, on one hand, the main shaft 3-2 is used as a rotating shaft of the roller 1, and on the other hand, the main shaft 3-2 is used as a pipeline communicated with the roller 1 by a cleaning device;
the cleaning device 4 comprises: the device comprises an air flow generator 4-1, a first connecting pipe 4-2 and a second connecting pipe 4-3, wherein one end of the first connecting pipe 4-2 is connected with the air flow generator 4-1, the other end of the first connecting pipe 4-2 is connected with the end part of the main shaft 3-2 through an end cover, one ends of a plurality of second connecting pipes 4-3 are arranged on the rotary drum 2-1 along the circumference, the main shaft 3-2 is provided with a butt joint corresponding to the second connecting pipes 4-3, and the other ends of the plurality of second connecting pipes 4-3 are respectively connected with a step tread panel 1-1 or a step side panel 1-2;
the first connecting pipe 4-2 is used for communicating the airflow generator 4-1 with the interior of the main shaft 3-2, the second connecting pipe 4-3 is used for communicating the interior of the main shaft 3-2 with the roller 1, so that the roller 1 is communicated with the airflow generator 4-1, and airflow is dispersed to the ground on the outer side in the step tread panel 1-1 and the step side panel 1-2 of the roller 1;
referring to fig. 5, the surfaces of the step tread plate 1-1 and the step side plate 1-2 are respectively provided with a plurality of air holes, the air holes are communicated with the second connecting pipe 4-3, the second connecting pipe 4-3 is fixed at one end of the rotating drum 2-1 and corresponds to the through hole on the rotating drum 2-1, and the through hole on the rotating drum 2-1 corresponds to the through hole on the main shaft 3-2.
Detailed description of the invention
The embodiment discloses an arrangement mode of through holes on a rotary drum 2-1 and a main shaft 3-2 on the basis of a road surface and step dual-purpose cleaning roller disclosed in the first embodiment, and can reduce the air flow consumption of a cleaning surface positioned above;
as shown in fig. 6, the docking port on the spindle 3-2 faces downward, the step tread panel 1-1 on one surface of the drum 1 and the two second connecting pipes 4-3 of the step side panel 1-2 are a connecting pipe group, and the adjacent connecting pipe groups have a gap at the connecting points on the drum 2-1, which is greater than the width of the docking port, so that only one group of connecting pipe groups are ensured to be communicated at the same time, and the airflow is distributed, so that the cleaning surfaces for cleaning below are communicated, and the other cleaning surfaces are in a closed state, and the cleaning effect can be improved under the condition of saving the airflow;
specifically, as shown in fig. 4, the airflow generator 4-1 is a fan heater or a dust collector, and the hot air generated by the fan heater enters the main shaft 3-2 through the first connecting pipe 4-2, enters the second connecting pipe 4-3 through the docking port on the main shaft, then enters the step tread panel 1-1 and the step side panel 1-2, is dispersed to the ground for snow and ice removal of the ground or the step, and reversely flows through the airflow path of the dust collector, so that the ground or the step can be cleaned.
The device comprises an adjusting device 5, wherein the adjusting device 5 can fix the relative position of the deformation disc 2-3 and the rotary drum 2-1 in the circumferential direction, and the adjusting device 5 can adopt an adjustable fixing structure to fix the deformation disc 2-3 and the rotary drum 2-1 after the deformation disc 2-3 rotates to a proper angle relative to the rotary drum 2-1.
Detailed description of the invention
The embodiment discloses a cleaning machine adopting the cleaning roller on the basis of a road surface and step dual-purpose cleaning roller disclosed in the first or second specific embodiment modes, wherein the cleaning machine can move on the flat ground and steps and pull the cleaning roller to clean;
as shown in fig. 1 and 7, the cleaning roller is pushed by a cleaning vehicle 6, and the cleaning vehicle 6 includes: the cleaning roller comprises a vehicle body 6-1, crawler wheels 6-2, a connecting table 6-3 and a hinged seat 6-4, wherein the crawler wheels 6-2 are arranged on two sides of the vehicle body 6-1, the length of each crawler wheel 6-2 is larger than the distance between steps, the connecting table 6-3 is arranged at the upper end of the vehicle body 6-1, a cleaning device 4 of the cleaning roller is arranged on the connecting table 6-3, the hinged seat 6-4 is arranged at the front end of the connecting table 6-3, and the connecting seat 6-4 is connected with a frame 3 of the cleaning roller.
The vehicle body 6-1 drives the crawler wheels 6-2 to advance and pulls the cleaning rollers, the width of the crawler wheels 6-2 is larger than the distance between the steps, so that the vehicle body 6-1 moves along the inclined angle of the steps, and the articulated seat 6-4 enables the frame 3 to swing, thereby absorbing the rolling fluctuation of the cleaning rollers on the steps.
Detailed description of the invention
The adjusting device disclosed by the embodiment is used for the dual-purpose cleaning roller for the road surface and the steps, which is disclosed by the first embodiment, the second embodiment or the third embodiment, and is used for adjusting the cleaning roller to realize the automatic deformation of the cleaning roller;
as shown in fig. 8 and 9, the adjusting device includes: a connecting cylinder 5-1, a first helical gear 5-2, a second helical gear 5-3, an adjusting slide bar 5-4, an adjusting slide ring 5-5, a slide ring fixing disk 5-6 and a slide ring driving piece 5-7, wherein the connecting cylinder 5-1 is sleeved on a rotary drum 2-1, one end of the connecting cylinder 5-1 is fixedly connected with a deformation disk 2-3, the other end of the connecting cylinder 5-1 is fixedly connected with the first helical gear 5-2, the first helical gear 5-2 is coaxially sleeved on the rotary drum 2-1, the second helical gear 5-3 is arranged perpendicular to the axis of the rotary drum 2-1 and is meshed with the first helical gear 5-2, the rotating shaft of the second helical gear 5-3 is fixedly connected on the rotary drum 2-1, the outer side of the second helical gear 5-3 is fixedly connected with the adjusting slide bar 5-4, one end of an adjusting slide bar 5-4 is eccentrically arranged on the second helical gear 5-3, the other end of the adjusting slide bar 5-4 is inserted into a sliding groove of the adjusting slide ring 5-5, the sliding groove is a circular sliding groove arranged on the inner side of the adjusting slide ring 5-5, the outer side of the adjusting slide ring 5-5 is connected with a slide ring fixing disc 5-6 through a plurality of axial guide structures, the slide ring fixing disc 5-6 is fixedly connected on the main shaft 3-2, a slide ring driving piece 5-7 is fixedly arranged on the slide ring fixing disc 5-6, the slide ring driving piece 5-7 is a linear driving piece, and the extending end of the slide ring driving piece 5-7 is fixedly connected with the slide ring fixing disc 5-6;
the adjusting device 5 is used for keeping the deformation disc 2-3 to rotate along with the rotary drum 2-1 and adjusting the relative angle between the deformation disc 2-3 and the rotary drum 2-1, and after the relative angle is adjusted, the deformation disc 2-3 and the rotary drum 2-1 are fixed;
the connecting cylinder 5-1 is fixedly connected with the deformation disc 2-3 and used as a connecting part for driving the deformation disc 2-3 to rotate, and the deformation disc 2-3 can rotate along with the connecting cylinder 5-1; the direction of a transmission route is changed by the meshed first bevel gear 5-2 and the second bevel gear 5-3, and the deformation disc 2-3 can be driven to rotate by the second bevel gear 5-3 and the connecting cylinder 5-1 when the bevel gear 5-2 rotates; the adjusting slide bar 5-4 is eccentrically arranged on the second bevel gear 5-3, so that the second bevel gear 5-3 can be driven to rotate by the left-right swinging of the adjusting slide bar 5-4; the adjusting slide bar 5-4 is arranged in a slide groove of the adjusting slide ring 5-5 in a sliding way, and when the adjusting slide ring 5-5 moves along the axial direction, the slide groove on the inner wall of the adjusting slide ring 5-5 can push the adjusting slide bar 5-4 to swing left and right; the slip ring fixing disc 5-6 is fixedly connected to the main shaft 3-2 and does not rotate along with the rotary drum 2-1, and the slip ring fixing disc 5-6 is used as a supporting part for fixing and guiding the adjusting slip ring 5-5;
the sliding ring driving piece 5-7 pushes the adjusting sliding ring 5-5 to move along the axial direction, a sliding groove on the inner wall of the adjusting sliding ring 5-5 pushes the adjusting sliding rod 5-4 to swing, the eccentric connection of the adjusting sliding rod 5-4 enables the second helical gear 5-3 to rotate, further the meshed first helical gear 5-2 rotates, the connecting cylinder 5-1 fixedly connected with the first helical gear 5-2 drives the deformation disc 2-3 to rotate, and the relative angle between the deformation disc 2-3 and the rotating cylinder 2-1 is adjusted;
referring to FIG. 9, after the angle is adjusted, the position of the adjusting slip ring 5-5 is fixed, when the rotating drum 2-1 rotates, the adjusting slide rod 5-4 slides in the circular slide groove on the inner wall of the adjusting slip ring 5-5, the position of the adjusting slide rod 5-4 in the axial direction of the rotating drum 2-1 is unchanged, and the deformation disc 2-3 is fixed with the rotating drum 2-1;
the adjusting slide bar 5-4 slides in a circular sliding groove on the inner wall of the adjusting slide ring 5-5, so that the connecting cylinder 5-1, the first helical gear 5-2, the second helical gear 5-3 and the adjusting slide bar 5-4 can rotate along with the rotary cylinder 2-1, and further the deformation disc 2-3 is kept to rotate along with the rotary cylinder 2-1;
specifically, the axial guiding structure comprises: the adjusting device comprises guide sleeves and guide rods, wherein a plurality of guide sleeves are arranged on the outer sides of the adjusting sliding rings 5-5 in an equally-divided circumferential mode, each guide sleeve is internally provided with one guide rod, and one end of each guide rod is fixedly connected to the sliding ring fixing disc 5-6.
Specifically, a group of guide sleeves and guide rods in the axial guide structure are used as the extending ends of the sliding ring driving pieces 5-7, threads are arranged inside the guide sleeves in the group, and the guide rods in the group are threaded lead screws.
Specifically, the slip ring driving part 5-7 comprises a slip ring driving motor which is fixedly arranged on a slip ring fixing disc 5-6, and a rotating shaft of the motor is connected with the threaded lead screw; the motor drives the threaded lead screw to rotate, and the adjusting slip ring 5-5 is pushed to move;
particularly, the two second bevel gears 5-3 are symmetrically arranged on the rotary drum 2-1, and the symmetrical arrangement is beneficial to keeping balance.
Specifically, the second helical gear 5-3 comprises a cylindrical gear and a connecting shaft gear, rotating shafts of the cylindrical gear and the connecting shaft gear are fixed on the rotating drum 2-1, the adjusting slide rod 5-4 is fixed on the cylindrical gear, the cylindrical gear is meshed with the upper end of the connecting shaft gear to form an accelerating gear, and the lower end of the cylindrical gear is meshed with the first helical gear 5-2; the rotating speed is amplified through the connecting shaft gear, and the moving distance of the adjusting slip ring 5-5 is enlarged to correspond to the rotating angle of the deformation disc 2-3;
concretely, the dual-purpose cleaning roll of road surface, step includes: the roller comprises a roller 1, a deformation structure 2, a frame 3 and a cleaning device 4, wherein the inside of the roller 1 is connected with the frame 3 through the deformation structure 2, and the cleaning device is connected with the roller 1.
Detailed description of the invention
The embodiment discloses an expansion roller which is applied to a dual-purpose cleaning roller for a road surface and steps, disclosed in the first embodiment, the second embodiment or the third embodiment, and is used for integrally adjusting the size of a cleaning surface of the cleaning roller so as to adapt to steps with different size proportions;
referring to fig. 2, an expansion roller for a dual-purpose cleaning roller for a road surface and a step is provided, the roller 1 is provided with a plurality of cleaning surfaces, each cleaning surface is formed by hinging and connecting a step tread panel 1-1 and a step side panel 1-2, adjacent cleaning surfaces are hinged and connected through the step tread panel 1-1 of one cleaning surface and the step side panel 1-2 of the other cleaning surface, and the plurality of cleaning surfaces form a closed-loop chain structure;
as shown in fig. 10, the step tread plate 1-1 includes: the side plug board comprises a side plug board 1-1-1, a connecting plug board 1-1-2 and a middle plug board 1-1-3, wherein two sides of the middle plug board 1-1-3 are respectively provided with a slot, each slot is inserted into one side of one connecting plug board 1-1-2, the other side of each connecting plug board 1-1-2 is inserted into one slot on one side of one side plug board 1-1-1, and the other side of each side plug board 1-1-1 is provided with a hinge;
the step side panel 1-2 has the same structure as the step tread panel 1-1, except that the width of the step side panel 1-2 is smaller than that of the step tread panel 1-1;
because the step tread panel 1-1 and the step side panel 1-2 adopt a plurality of splicing structures, and the splicing structures leave margins, the width of the step tread panel 1-1 and the width of the step side panel 1-2 can be adjusted when the splicing depths are different, a plurality of splicing ports are ensured to be synchronous during adjustment, and further the synchronous movement of the hinging points of a plurality of supporting arms 2-2 is ensured;
referring to fig. 11, each of the step tread panels 1-1 and the step side panels 1-2 is provided with an expanding mechanism 1-3, and the expanding mechanism 1-3 includes: the middle of the positive and negative tooth lead screw 1-3-1 is rotatably connected to the middle insert plate 1-1-3, a first slide block 1-3-2 and a second slide block 1-3-3, a first thread section and a second thread section are arranged on two sides of the positive and negative tooth lead screw 1-3-1, the thread pitch of the second thread section is twice that of the first thread section, the first slide block 1-3-2 is sleeved on the first thread section, the first slide block 1-3-2 is fixedly arranged on the connecting insert plate 1-1-2, the second slide block 1-3-3 is sleeved on the second thread section, and the second slide block 1-3-3 is fixedly arranged on the side insert plate 1-1-1;
when the positive and negative threaded screw 1-3-1 is rotated, the first thread section drives the first slide block 1-3-2 to move and further drives the connecting plugboard 1-1-2 to move, the second thread section drives the second slide block 1-3-3 to move and further drives the side plugboard 1-1-1 to move, and the middle of the positive and negative threaded screw 1-3-1 is rotatably connected to the middle plugboard 1-1-3, so that the middle plugboard 1-1-3 is relatively static;
because the screw pitch of the second screw thread section is twice that of the first screw thread section, when the positive and negative threaded screws 1-3-1 are rotated, the moving speed of the side inserting plate 1-1-1 is twice that of the connecting inserting plate 1-1-2, and the inserting depth of the inserting grooves at the two sides of the connecting inserting plate 1-1-2 can be guaranteed to be equal; because the sizes of different steps are different in proportion, the widths of the step tread panel 1-1 and the step side panel 1-2 can be adjusted by rotating the positive and negative threaded screws 1-3-1, so that the steps are adapted;
referring to fig. 11, specifically, the drum 1 further includes an extension driving mechanism 1-4, each of the step tread panel 1-1 and the step side panel 1-2 is provided with the extension driving mechanism 1-4, and the extension driving mechanism 1-4 includes: a bevel gear set 1-4-1, a rack 1-4-2, a driving mechanism seat 1-4-3, a pull rope 1-4-4, a first pulley 1-4-5, a second pulley 1-4-6, a third pulley 1-4-7 and a first pulley frame 1-4-8, wherein the bevel gear set 1-4-1 comprises two meshed bevel gears, the first bevel gear is sleeved on the positive and negative screw rod 1-3-1, the second bevel gear is rotationally arranged on the driving mechanism seat 1-4-3 and is connected with the rack 1-4-2 through a cylindrical gear, the rack 1-4-2 is slidably arranged on the driving mechanism seat 1-4-3, the driving mechanism seat 1-4-3 is fixedly arranged on the middle inserting plate 1-1-3, two sides of the rack 1-4-2 are fixedly connected with one end of a pull rope 1-4-4 respectively, the other end of the pull rope 1-4-4 sequentially winds around a first pulley 1-4-5 and a second pulley 1-4-6 respectively along different winding directions, after the pull rope 1-4-4 winds around the first pulley 1-4-5 and the second pulley 1-4-6 and winds around a third pulley 1-4-7, the pull rope 1-4-4 is connected with the pull rope 1-4-4 on the opposite side of the adjacent extension driving mechanism 1-4, and the third pulley 1-4-7 is arranged on the hinge of the adjacent step pedal panel 1-1 and the hinge of the step side panel 1-2 The first pulley 1-4-5 is fixed on the middle plug board 1-1-3 through a first pulley frame 1-4-8, the second pulley 1-4-6 is arranged on the connecting plug board 1-1-2, the first pulley 1-4-5 is arranged on the outer side of the second pulley 1-4-6, and the first pulley 1-4-5 and the second pulley 1-4-6 are staggered by the interval of one pulley, so that the rope sections of the pull rope 1-4-4 separated by the pulleys are parallel to each other;
the driving mechanism 1-4 is used for connecting a plurality of expanding mechanisms 1-3 in series to realize that the expanding mechanisms 1-3 connected in series can act simultaneously, a plurality of racks 1-4-2 connected in series can slide simultaneously by connecting the pull ropes 1-4-4 in series, and the racks 1-4-2 drive the bevel gear set 1-4-1 to rotate so as to drive the positive and negative screw rods 1-3-1 to rotate;
the first pulley 1-4-5, the second pulley 1-4-6 and the first pulley yoke 1-4-8 jointly form a tensioning structure, the first pulley 1-4-5 is fixed on the middle plug board 1-1-3 through the first pulley yoke 1-4-8, in the expanding and contracting process, the first pulley 1-4-5 is static relative to the middle plug board 1-1-3, the second pulley 1-4-6 moves along with the connecting plug board 1-1-2, and the pull rope 1-4-4 is kept tensioned in the moving process due to the amplification effect of the pulleys;
specifically, two expansion mechanisms 1-3 are arranged on each step tread panel 1-1 and each step side panel 1-2, the two expansion mechanisms 1-3 are respectively arranged at two ends of the step tread panel 1-1 or each step side panel 1-2, each expansion mechanism 1-3 is provided with an expansion driving mechanism 1-4, the step tread panel 1-1 and each step side panel 1-2 are larger in length and width, and the two expansion mechanisms are arranged at two ends of each step tread panel 1-1 and each step side panel 1-2, so that the expansion is more stable;
specifically, two ends of at least one middle inserting plate 1-1-3 are respectively provided with a screw rod sliding block mechanism driven by a motor to drive the rack 1-4-2 to move, and the rack 1-4-2 is driven by the screw rod sliding block mechanism to realize automatic adjustment.
Specifically, two slots of the side inserting plate 1-1-1 and the middle inserting plate 1-1-3 are respectively provided with a stop block which extends outwards, and the side surface of each stop block is abutted against the end part of the connecting inserting plate 1-1-2.
Specifically, the side inserting plates 1-1-1, the connecting inserting plates 1-1-2 and the middle inserting plates 1-1-3 are all arranged in a hollow mode, a plurality of air holes are formed in the surface of one side, and connecting pipe orifices are formed in the surface of the other side.
Concretely, the dual-purpose cleaning roll of road surface, step includes: the device comprises a roller 1, a deformation structure 2, a frame 3 and a cleaning device 4, wherein the inside of the roller 1 is connected with the frame 3 through the deformation structure 2, and the cleaning device is connected with the roller 1;
detailed description of the invention
The embodiment discloses a telescopic roller which is applied to a dual-purpose cleaning roller for a road surface and steps disclosed in the first, second or third specific implementation modes and used for integrally adjusting the size of a cleaning surface of the cleaning roller so as to adapt to steps with different size proportions;
referring to fig. 2, the telescopic roller for the dual-purpose cleaning roller for the road surface and the steps is characterized in that the roller 1 is provided with a plurality of cleaning surfaces, each cleaning surface is formed by hinging and connecting a step tread panel 1-1 and a step side panel 1-2, adjacent cleaning surfaces are hinged and connected through the step tread panel 1-1 of one cleaning surface and the step side panel 1-2 of the other cleaning surface, and the plurality of cleaning surfaces form a closed-loop chain structure;
as shown in fig. 12, the step tread plate 1-1 includes: the side plug board comprises a side plug board 1-1-1, a connecting plug board 1-1-2, a middle plug board 1-1-3 and a reset spring 1-1-4, wherein two sides of the middle plug board 1-1-3 are respectively provided with a slot, each slot is inserted into one side of one connecting plug board 1-1-2, the other side of each connecting plug board 1-1-2 is inserted into one slot on one side of one side plug board 1-1-1, the other side of each side plug board 1-1-1 is provided with a hinge, and the slots of the side plug board 1-1-1 and the middle plug board 1-1-3 are respectively provided with the reset spring 1-1-4;
the step side panel 1-2 has the same structure as the step tread panel 1-1, except that the width of the step side panel 1-2 is smaller than that of the step tread panel 1-1;
because the step pedal panel 1-1 and the step side panel 1-2 adopt a plurality of splicing structures, the splicing structures are provided with margins, when the splicing depths are different, the width adjustment of the step pedal panel 1-1 and the step side panel 1-2 can be realized, the splicing structures are kept at the maximum extension by the spring force of the reset spring 1-1-4, the extension can be reduced by pulling the splicing structures at the outer side, the width of the cleaning surface can be adjusted, the synchronization of a plurality of splicing ports during adjustment can be ensured, and the synchronous movement of the hinging points of a plurality of supporting arms 2-2 can be further ensured;
referring to fig. 13, each of the step tread plates 1-1 and the step side plates 1-2 is provided with a telescopic mechanism 1-5, and the telescopic mechanism 1-5 comprises: the cleaning device comprises a first telescopic pull rope 1-5-1, a second telescopic pull rope 1-5-2, a first telescopic pulley 1-5-3, a second telescopic pulley 1-5-4 and a movable telescopic sliding block 1-5, wherein a telescopic mechanism 1-5 is used for changing the up-and-down movement of the movable telescopic sliding block 1-5-5 into two horizontal movements with different pulling speeds, and pulling an opposite side plugboard 1-1-1 and a connecting plugboard 1-1-2 to change the size of a cleaning surface;
the movable telescopic sliding block 1-5-5 is arranged on the middle inserting plate 1-1-3 in a sliding mode, two first telescopic pulleys 1-5-3 are arranged above the movable telescopic sliding block 1-5-5, the two first telescopic pulleys 1-5-3 are fixedly arranged on the middle inserting plate 1-1-3 respectively, one ends of the two first telescopic pull ropes 1-5-1 are fixedly connected to the movable telescopic pulleys 1-5-5, the other ends of the two first telescopic pull ropes 1-5-1 are fixedly connected with a connecting inserting plate 1-1-2 after bypassing one first telescopic pulley 1-5-3, the rope sections of the first telescopic pull ropes 1-5-1, which are located on two sides of the first telescopic pulleys 1-5-3, are perpendicular to each other, the rope section between the first telescopic pulley 1-5-3 and the movable telescopic pulley 1-5-5 is parallel to the sliding path of the movable telescopic pulley 1-5-5, the first telescopic pull rope 1-5-1 and the movable telescopic slide block 1-5-5 are connected to form a first pulling route, the pulling direction is changed to be horizontal through the first telescopic pulley 1-5-3, and the up-and-down movement speed of the movable telescopic slide block 1-5-5 is the same as the horizontal movement speed of the connecting plug board 1-1-2 pulled by the first telescopic pull rope 1-5-1;
two second telescopic pulleys 1-5-4 are arranged above the movable telescopic sliding block 1-5-5, the two second telescopic pulleys 1-5-4 are fixedly arranged on the middle inserting plate 1-1-3, one ends of the two second telescopic pull ropes 1-5-2 are fixedly connected to the side inserting plate 1-1-1, the other ends of the two second telescopic pull ropes 1-5-2 are fixedly connected to the middle inserting plate 1-1-3 after passing around the second telescopic pulleys 1-5-4 on the same side from the upper part and passing around the pulleys on the movable telescopic sliding block 1-5-5 from the lower part, and the rope sections of the two sides of the pulleys on the movable telescopic sliding block 1-5-5, which are positioned on the second telescopic pull ropes 1-5-5, are parallel to the movable telescopic sliding block 1-5 5, the rope sections of the second telescopic pull rope 1-5-2 at two sides of the second telescopic pulley 1-5-4 are mutually vertical, the second telescopic pull rope 1-5-2 and the movable telescopic slider 1-5 are connected to form a second pulling route, the second telescopic pull rope 1-5-2 bypasses the second telescopic pull rope 1-5-2 and the pulley on the movable telescopic slider 1-5-5 to form a pulley block, on one hand, the pulling direction is changed, on the other hand, the moving speed of the second telescopic pull rope 1-5-2 for pulling the side inserting plate 1-1-1 is twice as fast as the moving speed of the movable telescopic slider 1-5-5, so that the inserting degree of each slot is the same during zooming, uniform zooming is achieved, and the widths of the step tread panel 1-1 and the step side panel 1-2 can be adjusted, thereby adapting to the step;
referring to fig. 13, the roller 1 further includes a telescopic driving mechanism 1-6, each of the step tread panel 1-1 and the step side panel 1-2 is provided with the telescopic driving mechanism 1-6, and the telescopic driving mechanism 1-6 includes: the two first driving pulleys 1-6-1 are arranged below the movable telescopic sliding block 1-5-5, the two first driving pulleys 1-6-1 are fixedly arranged on the middle inserting plate 1-1-3, one end of the driving pull rope 1-6-3 is connected with the driving pull rope 1-6-3 of the telescopic driving mechanism 1-6 on one side, the other end of the driving pull rope 1-6-3 bypasses the first driving pulley 1-6-1 on the same side from the lower part, bypasses the pulley on the movable telescopic pulley 1-5-5 from the upper part, bypasses the first driving pulley 1-6-1 on the opposite side from the lower part and bypasses the second driving pulley 1-6-1 2, the rear part of the second driving pulley is connected with a driving pull rope 1-6-3 of a telescopic driving mechanism 1-6 at the other side, and the second driving pulley 1-6-2 is arranged on a hinged shaft of the adjacent step tread panel 1-1 and step side panel 1-2;
the driving pull rope 1-6-3 is used for serially connecting a plurality of step pedal panels 1-1 of the cleaning roller and the telescopic mechanisms 1-5 on the step side panels 1-2, when the driving pull rope 1-6-3 is pulled, the plurality of telescopic mechanisms 1-5 which are serially connected can be simultaneously operated, and the pulley block formed by the first driving pulley 1-6-1 and the pulley on the movable telescopic sliding block 1-5-5 enables the driving pull rope 1-6-3 to pull the movable telescopic sliding block 1-5-5 downwards, so that the step pedal panels 1-1 and the step side panels 1-2 can be simultaneously zoomed.
Specifically, each step tread panel 1-1 and each step side panel 1-2 are respectively provided with two telescopic mechanisms 1-5, the two telescopic mechanisms 1-5 are respectively arranged at two ends of the step tread panel 1-1 or each step side panel 1-2, and each telescopic mechanism 1-5 is provided with a telescopic driving mechanism 1-6.
Specifically, two ends of at least one intermediate insertion plate 1-1-3 are respectively provided with a winch driven by a motor, a driving pull rope 1-6-3 positioned at the winch is disconnected, one of two disconnected rope ends is fixedly connected to the intermediate insertion plate 1-1-3, and the other of the two rope ends is wound on the winch; the driving pull rope 1-6-3 is wound through the winch, so that the driving pull rope 1-6-3 is shortened, and the movable telescopic sliding block 1-5-5 is pulled through a pulley block formed by the first driving pulley 1-6-1 and the pulley on the movable telescopic sliding block 1-5-5.
Particularly, the side inserting plates 1-1-1 and the middle inserting plates 1-1-3 are provided with stop blocks which extend outwards at two slots, and the side surfaces of the stop blocks are abutted against the end parts of the connecting inserting plates 1-1-2.
Specifically, the side inserting plates 1-1-1, the connecting inserting plates 1-1-2 and the middle inserting plates 1-1-3 are all arranged in a hollow mode, a plurality of air holes are formed in the surface of one side, and connecting pipe orifices are formed in the surface of the other side.
Concretely, the dual-purpose cleaning roll of road surface, step includes: the device comprises a roller 1, a deformation structure 2, a frame 3 and a cleaning device 4, wherein the inside of the roller 1 is connected with the frame 3 through the deformation structure 2, and the cleaning device is connected with the roller 1;
in the above embodiments, as long as the technical solution is not contradictory, permutation and combination can be performed, and since a person skilled in the art can exhaust the results after all permutation and combination according to the mathematical knowledge of permutation and combination learned in high school, the results will not be repeatedly described in this application, but it should be understood that each permutation and combination result is described in this application;
the above embodiments are merely illustrative of the present patent and do not limit the scope of the patent, and those skilled in the art can make modifications to the parts thereof without departing from the spirit and scope of the patent.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a dual-purpose cleaning roller of road surface, step which characterized in that includes: the device comprises a roller (1), a deformation structure (2), a frame (3) and a cleaning device (4), wherein the interior of the roller (1) is connected with the frame (3) through the deformation structure (2), and the cleaning device is connected with the roller (1);
the roller (1) is provided with a plurality of cleaning surfaces, each cleaning surface is formed by hinging and connecting a step tread panel (1-1) and a step side panel (1-2), adjacent cleaning surfaces are hinged and connected through the step tread panel (1-1) of one cleaning surface and the step side panel (1-2) of the other cleaning surface, and the cleaning surfaces form a closed-loop chain structure;
the deformation structure (2) comprises: the device comprises a rotary drum (2-1), supporting arms (2-2) and deformation discs (2-3), wherein the number of the supporting arms (2-2) corresponds to that of step tread plates (1-1), one ends of a plurality of supporting arms (2-2) are hinged to the outer wall of the rotary drum (2-1) at intervals of equal division circumference, the other ends of a plurality of supporting arms (2-2) are hinged to one step tread plate (1-1) respectively, the deformation discs (2-3) are sleeved on the rotary drum (2-1), a plurality of notches are arranged on the disc surface of each deformation disc (2-3) at equal division circumference, the number of the notches corresponds to that of the supporting arms (2-2), and the side surfaces of the supporting arms (2-2) are in sliding connection with the notches through sliding rods, the notch is arc-shaped, one end of the arc-shaped notch is positioned at the center of the deformation disc (2-3), and the other end of the arc-shaped notch is positioned at the outer side of the deformation disc (2-3);
the frame (3) comprises: the device comprises a frame body (3-1) and a main shaft (3-2), wherein the main shaft (3-2) is arranged at the front end of the frame body (3-1), the main shaft (3-2) is a hollow cylinder, and the main shaft (3-2) penetrates through the rotary drum (2-1);
the cleaning device (4) comprises: the air flow generator comprises an air flow generator (4-1), a first connecting pipe (4-2) and a second connecting pipe (4-3), wherein one end of the first connecting pipe (4-2) is connected with the air flow generator (4-1), the other end of the first connecting pipe (4-2) is connected with the end of a main shaft (3-2) through an end cover, one end of the second connecting pipe (4-3) is arranged on the rotary drum (2-1) along the circumference, a butt joint corresponding to the second connecting pipe (4-3) is arranged on the main shaft (3-2), and the other end of the second connecting pipe (4-3) is connected with a step tread panel (1-1) or a step side panel (1-2) respectively.
2. The dual-purpose cleaning roller for road surface and steps as claimed in claim 1, wherein the surfaces of the step tread panel (1-1) and the step side panel (1-2) are provided with a plurality of air holes, and the air holes are communicated with the second connecting pipe (4-3).
3. A road/step cleaning roller according to claim 2, characterized in that the interface of the main shaft (3-2) faces downward, the step tread plate (1-1) on one side of the drum (1) and the two second connecting pipes (4-3) of the step side plate (1-2) are a connecting pipe group, and the connecting points of the adjacent connecting pipe groups on the drum (2-1) have a spacing larger than the width of the interface.
4. A roller as claimed in claim 1, 2 or 3, characterized in that said air flow generator (4-1) is a fan heater or a vacuum cleaner.
5. A road/step cleaning roller according to claim 1, characterized by further comprising an adjusting device (5), wherein the adjusting device (5) can fix the relative position of the deformation disc (2-3) and the rotating drum (2-1) in the circumferential direction.
6. A cleaning machine based on the dual-purpose cleaning roller of road surface, step of claim 1, 2, 3 or 5, characterized in that, the cleaning roller is pushed by a cleaning vehicle (6), the cleaning vehicle (6) includes: the cleaning roller comprises a vehicle body (6-1), crawler wheels (6-2), a connecting table (6-3) and hinged seats (6-4), wherein the crawler wheels (6-2) are arranged on two sides of the vehicle body (6-1), the length of each crawler wheel (6-2) is larger than the distance between steps, the connecting table (6-3) is arranged at the upper end of the vehicle body (6-1), a cleaning device (4) of the cleaning roller is arranged on the connecting table (6-3), the hinged seats (6-4) are arranged at the front end of the connecting table (6-3), and the connecting seats (6-4) are connected with a frame (3) of the cleaning roller.
7. A deformation structure for a road/step cleaning roll, characterized in that the deformation structure (2) comprises: the cleaning roller comprises a rotary drum (2-1), supporting arms (2-2) and a deformation disc (2-3), wherein one ends of the supporting arms (2-2) are hinged to the outer wall of the rotary drum (2-1) at intervals of an equal division circumference, the rotary drum (2-1) is sleeved on a main shaft (3-2) of the cleaning roller, the other ends of the supporting arms (2-2) are hinged to a step tread panel (1-1), the deformation disc (2-3) is sleeved on the rotary drum (2-1), a plurality of notches are formed in the disc surface of the deformation disc (2-3) at equal division circumference, the number of the notches corresponds to that of the supporting arms (2-2), the side surfaces of the supporting arms (2-2) are connected with the notches in a sliding mode through sliding rods, and are arc-shaped, one end of the arc-shaped notch is positioned at the center of the deformation disc (2-3), and the other end of the arc-shaped notch is positioned at the outer side of the deformation disc (2-3).
8. A cleaning device for a road surface and step dual-purpose cleaning roller is characterized in that the cleaning device (4) comprises: an airflow generator (4-1), a first connecting pipe (4-2) and a second connecting pipe (4-3), one end of the first connecting pipe (4-2) is connected with the airflow generator (4-1), the other end of the first connecting pipe (4-2) is connected with the end part of the main shaft (3-2) of the cleaning roller through an end cover, the main shaft (3-2) is a tubular shaft with two open ends, one end of a plurality of second connecting pipes (4-3) is arranged on the rotary drum (2-1) along the circumference, the rotary drum (2-1) is tightly sleeved on the main shaft (3-2), the spindle (3-2) is provided with a butt joint corresponding to the second connecting pipes (4-3), and the other ends of the second connecting pipes (4-3) are respectively connected with one step tread panel (1-1) or one step side panel (1-2).
CN202010256954.4A 2020-04-03 2020-04-03 Dual-purpose cleaning roller, deformation structure, cleaning device and descaling machine for road surface and steps Withdrawn CN111335245A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010256954.4A CN111335245A (en) 2020-04-03 2020-04-03 Dual-purpose cleaning roller, deformation structure, cleaning device and descaling machine for road surface and steps

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010256954.4A CN111335245A (en) 2020-04-03 2020-04-03 Dual-purpose cleaning roller, deformation structure, cleaning device and descaling machine for road surface and steps

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111335245A true CN111335245A (en) 2020-06-26

Family

ID=71180682

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202010256954.4A Withdrawn CN111335245A (en) 2020-04-03 2020-04-03 Dual-purpose cleaning roller, deformation structure, cleaning device and descaling machine for road surface and steps

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN111335245A (en)

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20050005221A (en) * 2003-07-08 2005-01-13 (주) 삼우 프로마 산업 Snowplow
CN103343519A (en) * 2013-07-11 2013-10-09 山东理工大学 Novel intelligent cleaning robot and control method thereof
CN106567354A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-04-19 安徽工程大学 Automatic sweeping vehicle for stair steps
CN106984593A (en) * 2017-04-21 2017-07-28 潘学勇 A kind of stepping type escalator automates cleaning equipment
CN109537516A (en) * 2018-12-21 2019-03-29 赵敏 A kind of overline bridge step sweeps away snow deicer and the matched de-icing method that sweeps away snow

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20050005221A (en) * 2003-07-08 2005-01-13 (주) 삼우 프로마 산업 Snowplow
CN103343519A (en) * 2013-07-11 2013-10-09 山东理工大学 Novel intelligent cleaning robot and control method thereof
CN106567354A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-04-19 安徽工程大学 Automatic sweeping vehicle for stair steps
CN106984593A (en) * 2017-04-21 2017-07-28 潘学勇 A kind of stepping type escalator automates cleaning equipment
CN109537516A (en) * 2018-12-21 2019-03-29 赵敏 A kind of overline bridge step sweeps away snow deicer and the matched de-icing method that sweeps away snow

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN107294316B (en) The intelligent grinding apparatus of automatic mechanics compensation
CN207725149U (en) A kind of dismantling device of automobile tire easy to disassemble
CN108397406B (en) A kind of device that fan noise is effectively reduced
CN111321693B (en) Expansion roller of dual-purpose cleaning roller for road surface and steps
CN111335245A (en) Dual-purpose cleaning roller, deformation structure, cleaning device and descaling machine for road surface and steps
CN111335246A (en) Telescopic roller and telescopic driving mechanism of dual-purpose cleaning roller for road surface and steps
CN111335244A (en) Adjusting device for road surface and step dual-purpose cleaning roller
CN106001026B (en) Polished and cleaned device in air conditioner condensation copper pipe
CN205775273U (en) A kind of dye jigger
CN114582194B (en) Improved electrohydraulic system training platform
CN207143449U (en) A kind of cross lapping machine with Destaticizing device
CN217572336U (en) Steel rust cleaning device with dust removal function for construction
CN205888848U (en) Air conditioner condensation copper intraduct burnishing machine
CN106112775B (en) Polishing machine inside a kind of air conditioner condensation copper pipe
CN107926494A (en) One kind is laid with lawn people
CN105438303B (en) A kind of use dual spring connects the water cooling wall-climbing robot of magnet holder
CN108543846B (en) Telescopic rotating arm mechanism for winding pipe
CN208824870U (en) A kind of TPU class water-proof jacket fabric production ancillary equipment
CN212443566U (en) Hard tube cutting device for machining
CN220055833U (en) Cable winding device
CN219342655U (en) Slide rail type cloth slitting machine
CN208229291U (en) A kind of fitness equipment with air-cleaning function
CN212045994U (en) High-efficient spraying mechanism that 3D printing apparatus used
CN113804390B (en) Bicycle wind tunnel test bench device
CN201148328Y (en) Highly effective telescopic multi-traction apparatus

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
WW01 Invention patent application withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20200626

WW01 Invention patent application withdrawn after publication