CN106508766A - Deep sea aquaculture net cage - Google Patents

Deep sea aquaculture net cage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106508766A
CN106508766A CN201611044517.6A CN201611044517A CN106508766A CN 106508766 A CN106508766 A CN 106508766A CN 201611044517 A CN201611044517 A CN 201611044517A CN 106508766 A CN106508766 A CN 106508766A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
net cage
fixed
stand column
far
vertical
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201611044517.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
严俊
刘久军
金库
李松
赵华荣
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hubei Marine Engineering Equipment Research Institute Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Hubei Marine Engineering Equipment Research Institute Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hubei Marine Engineering Equipment Research Institute Co Ltd filed Critical Hubei Marine Engineering Equipment Research Institute Co Ltd
Priority to CN201611044517.6A priority Critical patent/CN106508766A/en
Publication of CN106508766A publication Critical patent/CN106508766A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of ocean engineering devices, and discloses a deep sea aquaculture net cage which comprises an upper building, a central vertical column, a barrel-shaped frame, a supporting rod structure, a ballast tank and a fishing net. The central vertical column is positioned at the center of the barrel-shaped frame and fixed on the barrel-shaped frame through the supporting rod structure, the upper building is fixed at the top end of the central vertical column, the ballast tank is fixed at the lower end of the central vertical column, the barrel-shaped frame comprises a vertical frame and a horizontal frame, the horizontal frame is fixed at the upper end of the vertical frame and fixedly connected with the upper portion of the central vertical column, the lower end of the vertical frame is fixedly connected with the lower portion of the central vertical column through the supporting rod structure, the fishing net is provided with a plurality of fixed nodes, and the fixed nodes are connected with the barrel-shaped frame and the supporting rod structure. The net cage is stable in structural strength and superior in balance performance.

Description

A kind of far-reaching extra large aquaculture net cage
Technical field
The present invention relates to offshore engineering equipment technical field, more particularly to a kind of far-reaching extra large aquaculture net cage.
Background technology
The primary structure of existing preventing deep water breeding net case is gravity type HDPE net cage.
As structure is lighter, the intensity of material is relatively low, is mainly disposed to offshore gulf mouth or has half envelope of the islands and reefs as barrier Close waters.The current of below 0.5m/s can typically only be resisted.
By the carrying capacity of loss 80% under the current of 1m/s, and HDPE net cages material and structure is limited to, its cultivation Volume is to the maximum and is only capable of 7400 cubic metres.On the other hand, when deep-water net cage culture area is subject to the front of larger stormy waves to attack, Under wave, the pincer attack of stream, the structural stability of net cage is all affected, while cultivate volume also significantly losing.Particularly, net cage Easily by impact rear-inclined or rollover, function is lost completely.
The content of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of far-reaching extra large aquaculture net cage, and in solving prior art, preventing deep water breeding net case capacity of anti-storm is poor, Cultivation volume is little, and structural stability is poor, is affected greatly, to be easily hit and topple over the technical problem of rollover by flow rate of water flow.
For solving above-mentioned technical problem, the invention provides a kind of far-reaching extra large aquaculture net cage, including:Superstructure, center Column, barrel-shaped framework, pole structure, ballast tank and etting fishing net;
The center stand column is located at the barrel-shaped frame center, is fixed on the barrel-shaped framework by the pole structure On;
The superstructure is fixed on the center stand column top;
The ballast tank is fixed on the center stand column lower end;
The barrel-shaped framework includes:Vertical framework, transverse frame and ring float;
The ring float is fixed on the vertical framework upper end, there is provided buoyancy;
The transverse frame is fixed on the perpendicular ring float, and is fixedly connected with the center stand column top;
The vertical framework lower end is fixedly connected with the center stand column bottom by the pole structure;
The etting fishing net arranges multiple stationary nodes, is connected with the barrel-shaped framework and pole structure respectively;
Wherein, operationally, the ballast tank is flowed into by controlling ballast water so that the centre of buoyancy of net cage is higher than center of gravity, real Existing attitude self-balancing.
Further, the pole structure includes:Along the radially-arranged multiple struts of the center stand column;
The plurality of strut one end is fixed on the center stand column bottom, and the other end is fixed on the vertical framework lower end.
Further, the superstructure includes:Culture control system and communication system.
Further, passage is set in the center stand column, the ballast tank and the superstructure is connected.
Further, ventilation subchannel and profit subchannel is also set up in the passage.
Further, branch road ballast tank is set in the pole structure;
The branch road ballast tank is connected with the ballast tank.
Further, the transverse frame includes:Multiple cross-ties being radially arranged along the center stand column;
Described cross-tie one end is fixed on the center stand column top, and the other end is bent downwardly, and with the vertical frame Frame upper end is fixedly linked.
Further, the vertical framework includes:Vertical pull bar;
The vertical pull bar upper end is fixed on the ring float;
The vertical pull bar lower end is fixedly linked with the strut.
Further, the vertical framework also includes:Brace;
The brace is connected between two vertical pull bars of arbitrary neighborhood.
Further, the vertical framework includes:Annular pull rod;
The annular pull rod is fixed on the junction of the strut and the vertical pull bar
One or more technical schemes provided in the embodiment of the present application, at least have the following technical effect that or advantage:
The far-reaching extra large aquaculture net cage provided in the embodiment of the present application, by center stand column, barrel-shaped framework and pole structure A cage structure is surrounded, reliable and stable mechanical structure is formed, is realized large span, the frame structure of high intensity;Using frame Support fixed structure of the rigid structure of frame as fishing net piece, keeps the deployed condition of fishing net piece, reliable and stable, solves water flow velocity Impact to effectively cultivation volume;Operated by the loading water of ballast cabin structure, adjust immersed depth, made aquaculture net cage work and eat During water gravity be equal to or less than buoyancy, possess anti-typhoon capacity, also can floating displacement hide Super Typhoon, substantially reduce cultivation Risk.On the other hand, during work, by adjusting the loading water yield of ballast tank, the centre of buoyancy of net cage is higher than center of gravity, so that net cage Attitude possess fabulous stability, when net cage be hit inclination when, can produce a torque between gravity and buoyancy makes net cage Recover original poised state.
Description of the drawings
The structural representation of the far-reaching extra large aquaculture net cage that Fig. 1 is provided for the present invention;
The top view of Fig. 2 Fig. 1.
Specific embodiment
The embodiment of the present application solves preventing deep water breeding net case wind resistance in prior art by providing a kind of far-reaching extra large aquaculture net cage Unrestrained ability, cultivation volume are little, and structural stability is poor, are affected greatly, to be easily hit and topple over the technology of rollover and ask by flow rate of water flow Topic;Lifting capacity of anti-storm has been reached, cultivation volume, and the technique effect of structural strength has been maintained.
In order to be better understood from above-mentioned technical proposal, below in conjunction with Figure of description and specific embodiment to upper State technical scheme to be described in detail, it should be understood that the specific features in the embodiment of the present invention and embodiment are to the application skill The detailed description of art scheme, rather than the restriction to technical scheme, in the case where not conflicting, the embodiment of the present application And the technical characteristic in embodiment can be mutually combined.
Referring to Fig. 1, a kind of far-reaching extra large aquaculture net cage, including:Superstructure 1, center stand column 2, barrel-shaped framework (4,6,7, 8), pole structure 3, ballast tank and etting fishing net.
The center stand column 2 is located at the barrel-shaped frame center, is fixed on the barrel-shaped framework by the pole structure 3 On;The frame structure that stress is concentrated at a middle part is formed;Lift the surge of stormy waves.
The superstructure 1 is fixed on 2 top of the center stand column;The ballast tank is fixed under the center stand column 2 End;Form good net cage functional structure.Wherein, operationally, the ballast tank is flowed into by controlling ballast water so that net cage Centre of buoyancy be higher than center of gravity, realize attitude self-balancing, so as to when being impacted inclination after, poised state can be automatically restored to.
Specifically, the superstructure includes:Culture control system and communication system.It is easy to foreign exchanges and net Case operational control.
The barrel-shaped framework includes:Vertical framework and transverse frame 8;The transverse frame 8 is fixed on the vertical frame Frame upper end, and be fixedly connected with 2 top of the center stand column;The vertical framework lower end by the pole structure 3 with it is described 2 bottom of center stand column is fixedly connected;The net cage frame of the supporting structure of closing is formed so that the stability of framework is significantly carried Rise, capacity of anti-storm is substantially improved.
The etting fishing net arranges multiple stationary nodes, is connected with the barrel-shaped framework and pole structure 3 respectively.Pass through The mode that multiple spot is fixed so that etting fishing net is stabilized to be sprawled, and the ability of anti-high-velocity flow is substantially improved, is maintained cultivation Volume is reliable and stable under natural environment disturbance.
The pole structure 3 includes:Along the radially-arranged multiple struts of the center stand column 2;The plurality of strut one end 2 bottom of the center stand column is fixed on, the other end is fixed on the vertical framework lower end so that the stress transmission of vertical framework To in center stand column 2, eventually through multidirectional stressed concentration effect, a certain degree of counteracting is realized, so as to eliminate complicated applied force The impact of environment, maintains overall stability.
Further, passage is set in the center stand column 2, connects the ballast tank and the superstructure.It is easy to pressure Carry the charge and discharge control of water, and other cultivation operations.
Further, ventilation subchannel and profit subchannel is also set up in the passage, undertakes ventilation and profit respectively Flow operation.
Further, branch road ballast tank is set in the pole structure;The branch road ballast tank is connected with the ballast tank. So as to form the ballast cabin structure on a large scale positioned at net cage bottom, the immersed depth of net cage is controlled.
The transverse frame 8 includes:Multiple cross-ties being radially arranged along the center stand column;The cross-tie one End is fixed on 2 top of the center stand column, and the other end is bent downwardly, and is fixedly linked with the vertical framework upper end.So that The superstructure for obtaining barrel-shaped framework is significantly strengthened by transverse frame, and reliability is lifted.
Further, the vertical framework includes:Ring float 4 and vertical pull bar 6;6 upper end of vertical pull bar is solid It is scheduled on the ring float 4;The transverse frame 8 is connected with the ring float 4;6 lower end of vertical pull bar with it is described Pole structure 3 is fixedly linked.So as to form frame stressing structure in closing, overall construction intensity is substantially improved;By positioned at whole The ring float 4 of individual framework upper, mainly undertakes buoyancy output;Simultaneously can holding structure intensity, and mitigate overall weight.
Further, the vertical framework also includes:Brace 7;The brace is connected to two of arbitrary neighborhood and erects To between pull bar 6.Further reinforcement structure stability and reliability.
Further, the vertical framework includes:Annular pull rod;It is perpendicular with described that the annular pull rod is fixed on the strut To the junction of pull bar.So as to provide horizontal tightening structure, lift structure intensity.Keep the stability of vertical pull bar.
The present embodiment provides the working condition of box mainly to be included:
The first, is that all ballast tanks do not add water, and net cage can float on the surface, and now, net cage under(-)chassiss just submerge In water, drinking water 2m or so, at this moment net cage center of gravity is higher than centre of buoyancy, and gravity is equal to buoyancy;
Second, be all ballast tank topped up with water, and net cage major part can be immersed in the water, and net cage ring float major part is submerged In water, drinking water 8m or so, at this moment net cage centre of buoyancy is higher than center of gravity, and gravity is equal to buoyancy;
The third, on the basis of second, is added downwards certain power to net cage, is realized by tension force anchoring system, Net cage drinking water is allowed to increase to 10m work drinking water states, ring float does not have 2m below upstream face, and at this moment net cage centre of buoyancy is higher than center of gravity, Gravity is less than buoyancy, and small-waterplane-area drinking water state, capacity of anti-storm are lifted.
4th kind, violent typhoon comes interim, on the basis of the third, increases the downward additional force of net cage, by tension force system Pool system realizes that allow net cage to be totally submerged in water, at this moment net cage centre of buoyancy is higher than center of gravity, and gravity is less than buoyancy, it is to avoid violent typhoon Impact to net cage.
In the embodiment of the present application, the vertical framework of the cylinder net cage formed by pole structure, a diameter of 40m are high Degree is about 13m, and transverse frame is highly 7m, and work drinking water 10m, effectively cultivation about 1.2 ten thousand stere of volume.In work drinking water shape State, centre of buoyancy are more than gravity 10% to 15% higher than center of gravity, buoyancy, and extra buoyancy is shared by the pulling force of mooring cable.
Technical scheme in above-mentioned the embodiment of the present application, at least has the following technical effect that or advantage:
Ring float provides part as main buoyancy, by the reasonable arrangement of version, makes pole structure main Tension is born, the strength and stiffness problems of longspan structure are efficiently solved, cage structure weight is alleviated, is improve flat The performance of platform.Far-reaching extra large aquaculture net cage uses tension mooring system, is partially surfaced condition, improves capacity of anti-storm during work;When When high sea is to attack, whole net cage ballast can be sunk down into below the water surface, it is to avoid stormy waves causes to damage to net cage, it is ensured that cultivation Job safety reliability.Design simultaneously makes the centre of buoyancy of net cage higher than center of gravity, and platform is in stability, when net cage is inclined, A torque can be produced between gravity and buoyancy makes net cage reply original poised state.
The Cultivated water of far-reaching extra large aquaculture net cage is most deep up to 300m, expands significantly the operation waters of fishery cultivating.Net Clothing can be fixed on rigidity supporting structure, and Cultivated water flow rate of water flow is on effectively cultivation volume without impact.
One or more technical schemes provided in the embodiment of the present application, at least have the following technical effect that or advantage:
The far-reaching extra large aquaculture net cage provided in the embodiment of the present application, by center stand column, barrel-shaped framework and pole structure A cage structure is surrounded, reliable and stable mechanical structure is formed, is realized large span, the frame structure of high intensity;Using frame Support fixed structure of the rigid structure of frame as fishing net piece, keeps the deployed condition of fishing net piece, reliable and stable, solves water flow velocity Impact to effectively cultivation volume;By ballast cabin structure, immersed depth is adjusted, gravity is more than when making aquaculture net cage work drinking water Buoyancy, is seated seabed, without the need for anchoring, possess anti-typhoon capacity, also can floating displacement hide Super Typhoon, substantially reduce cultivation Risk.On the other hand, during work, by adjusting the loading water yield of ballast tank, the centre of buoyancy of net cage is higher than center of gravity, so that net cage Attitude possess fabulous stability, when net cage be hit inclination when, can produce a torque between gravity and buoyancy makes net cage Recover original poised state.
It should be noted last that, above specific embodiment only to illustrate technical scheme and unrestricted, Although being described in detail to the present invention with reference to example, it will be understood by those within the art that, can be to the present invention Technical scheme modify or equivalent, without deviating from the spirit and scope of technical solution of the present invention, which all should be covered In the middle of scope of the presently claimed invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of far-reaching extra large aquaculture net cage, it is characterised in that include:Superstructure, center stand column, barrel-shaped framework, pole structure, Ballast tank and etting fishing net;
The center stand column is located at the barrel-shaped frame center, is fixed on the barrel-shaped framework by the pole structure;
The superstructure is fixed on the center stand column top;
The ballast tank is fixed on the center stand column lower end;
The barrel-shaped framework includes:Vertical framework, transverse frame and ring float;
The ring float is fixed on the vertical framework upper end, there is provided buoyancy;
The transverse frame is fixed on the perpendicular ring float, and is fixedly connected with the center stand column top;
The vertical framework lower end is fixedly connected with the center stand column bottom by the pole structure;
The etting fishing net arranges multiple stationary nodes, is connected with the barrel-shaped framework and pole structure respectively;
Wherein, operationally, the ballast tank is flowed into by controlling ballast water so that the centre of buoyancy of net cage is higher than center of gravity, realizes appearance State self-balancing.
2. far-reaching extra large aquaculture net cage as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the pole structure includes:Along the center The radially-arranged multiple struts of column;
The plurality of strut one end is fixed on the center stand column bottom, and the other end is fixed on the vertical framework lower end.
3. far-reaching extra large aquaculture net cage as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the superstructure includes:Cultivation control system System and communication system.
4. the far-reaching extra large aquaculture net cage as described in any one of claims 1 to 3, it is characterised in that:Arrange in the center stand column Passage, connects the ballast tank and the superstructure.
5. far-reaching extra large aquaculture net cage as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that:Also set up in the passage ventilation subchannel with And profit subchannel.
6. far-reaching extra large aquaculture net cage as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that:Branch road ballast is set in the pole structure Cabin;
The branch road ballast tank is connected with the ballast tank.
7. far-reaching extra large aquaculture net cage as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that the transverse frame includes:Described in multiple edges The cross-tie that center stand column is radially arranged;
Described cross-tie one end is fixed on the center stand column top, and the other end is bent downwardly, and with the vertical framework on End is fixedly linked.
8. far-reaching extra large aquaculture net cage as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that the vertical framework includes:Vertical pull bar;
The vertical pull bar upper end is fixed on the ring float;
The vertical pull bar lower end is fixedly linked with the strut.
9. far-reaching extra large aquaculture net cage as claimed in claim 8, it is characterised in that the vertical framework also includes:Brace;
The brace is connected between two vertical pull bars of arbitrary neighborhood.
10. far-reaching extra large aquaculture net cage as claimed in claim 8, it is characterised in that the vertical framework includes:Annular pull rod;
The annular pull rod is fixed on the junction of the strut and the vertical pull bar.
CN201611044517.6A 2016-11-22 2016-11-22 Deep sea aquaculture net cage Pending CN106508766A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107624691A (en) * 2017-10-18 2018-01-26 哈尔滨工程大学 A kind of netted modularization sea fishing ground platform
CN107926799A (en) * 2017-12-15 2018-04-20 湖北海洋工程装备研究院有限公司 It is a kind of can sea assembling fishery cultivating device
NO343042B1 (en) * 2017-07-31 2018-10-15 Marad Norway As Fish Farm
CN108925469A (en) * 2018-08-08 2018-12-04 青岛迪玛仕船舶技术咨询有限公司 A kind of bottom-sitting type fishing ground
CN109418184A (en) * 2017-09-04 2019-03-05 烟台中集来福士海洋工程有限公司 Far-reaching sea aquaculture net cage
CN110115239A (en) * 2019-06-21 2019-08-13 中国船舶科学研究中心(中国船舶重工集团公司第七0二研究所) A kind of collapsible floating marine fishery cultivating platform
CN111700014A (en) * 2020-06-16 2020-09-25 浙江海洋大学 Deep and open sea net cage structure suitable for severe sea condition environment

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0315561A2 (en) * 1987-11-02 1989-05-10 Santiago Otamendi Busto Marine fish farm
CN101040605A (en) * 2006-03-24 2007-09-26 翟玉明 Stormproof lift type net trunk for breeding in the outside sea
CN204707740U (en) * 2015-01-09 2015-10-21 古国维 Tension leg type buoy mooring can floating anti-wind wave anti-ocean current environment-friendly type drift line type net cage
CN105557572A (en) * 2015-12-10 2016-05-11 青岛迪玛仕船舶技术咨询有限公司 Semi-submersible single-column marine engineering fishery
CN105766749A (en) * 2015-12-04 2016-07-20 周俊麟 Open-sea cultivation anti-wave articulated type cage
CN105848476A (en) * 2013-12-23 2016-08-10 海洋养殖公司 A semisubmersible, cylindrical net cage, closable bulkheads for a net cage and a bottom for the net cage that can be elevated

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0315561A2 (en) * 1987-11-02 1989-05-10 Santiago Otamendi Busto Marine fish farm
CN101040605A (en) * 2006-03-24 2007-09-26 翟玉明 Stormproof lift type net trunk for breeding in the outside sea
CN105848476A (en) * 2013-12-23 2016-08-10 海洋养殖公司 A semisubmersible, cylindrical net cage, closable bulkheads for a net cage and a bottom for the net cage that can be elevated
CN204707740U (en) * 2015-01-09 2015-10-21 古国维 Tension leg type buoy mooring can floating anti-wind wave anti-ocean current environment-friendly type drift line type net cage
CN105766749A (en) * 2015-12-04 2016-07-20 周俊麟 Open-sea cultivation anti-wave articulated type cage
CN105557572A (en) * 2015-12-10 2016-05-11 青岛迪玛仕船舶技术咨询有限公司 Semi-submersible single-column marine engineering fishery

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
NO343042B1 (en) * 2017-07-31 2018-10-15 Marad Norway As Fish Farm
NO20171271A1 (en) * 2017-07-31 2018-10-15 Marad Norway As Fish Farm
CN109418184A (en) * 2017-09-04 2019-03-05 烟台中集来福士海洋工程有限公司 Far-reaching sea aquaculture net cage
CN107624691A (en) * 2017-10-18 2018-01-26 哈尔滨工程大学 A kind of netted modularization sea fishing ground platform
CN107926799A (en) * 2017-12-15 2018-04-20 湖北海洋工程装备研究院有限公司 It is a kind of can sea assembling fishery cultivating device
CN108925469A (en) * 2018-08-08 2018-12-04 青岛迪玛仕船舶技术咨询有限公司 A kind of bottom-sitting type fishing ground
CN110115239A (en) * 2019-06-21 2019-08-13 中国船舶科学研究中心(中国船舶重工集团公司第七0二研究所) A kind of collapsible floating marine fishery cultivating platform
CN110115239B (en) * 2019-06-21 2021-09-21 中国船舶科学研究中心(中国船舶重工集团公司第七0二研究所) Foldable floating marine fishery culture platform
CN111700014A (en) * 2020-06-16 2020-09-25 浙江海洋大学 Deep and open sea net cage structure suitable for severe sea condition environment

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Application publication date: 20170322