JP3211403U - Self-drying device for laver culture and tidal self-drying all-floating nori culture device - Google Patents

Self-drying device for laver culture and tidal self-drying all-floating nori culture device Download PDF

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JP3211403U
JP3211403U JP2016600119U JP2016600119U JP3211403U JP 3211403 U JP3211403 U JP 3211403U JP 2016600119 U JP2016600119 U JP 2016600119U JP 2016600119 U JP2016600119 U JP 2016600119U JP 3211403 U JP3211403 U JP 3211403U
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floating
drying
rod
self
culture
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百尭 陳
百尭 陳
祖禹 張
祖禹 張
学坤 薛
学坤 薛
希星 高
希星 高
占成 キョウ
占成 キョウ
光輝 伏
光輝 伏
キ本 キョウ
キ本 キョウ
興本 唐
興本 唐
健 安
健 安
苗苗 孫
苗苗 孫
緒春 王
緒春 王
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連雲港海之林復合材料有限公司
連雲港市海洋与水産科学研究所
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Priority to CN201410262845.8A priority patent/CN105075846B/en
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Priority to PCT/CN2014/000732 priority patent/WO2015188292A1/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G33/00Cultivation of seaweed or algae
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B3/00Drying solid materials or objects by processes involving the application of heat
    • F26B3/28Drying solid materials or objects by processes involving the application of heat by radiation, e.g. from the sun

Abstract

【課題】網ひびの自己乾燥と自動浸水を行うことができ、労働強度と養殖コストが低減され、海苔の品質が向上する海苔養殖用自己乾燥装置を提供する。【解決手段】海苔養殖用自己乾燥装置は、中空棒6と、浮遊棒8とを含み、中空棒6の一端は浮遊棒8の中間部と垂直に固定連結され、中空棒6の他端には棒体の円周方向に沿って均一に多数の安定した中空棒6の尾翼15が設けられ、尾翼15と浮遊棒8間の中空棒6の上方に大きな浮具7が被せられ、大きな浮具7と浮遊棒8の両端間に引張ロープ12が設けられ、中空棒6内に棒体の軸線に沿って大きな浮具7と共に浮遊棒8を引き上げる乾燥ルートケーブル10が貫通して設けられる。また、前記海苔養殖用自己乾燥装置は、潮差自己乾燥式全浮動(full-floating)海苔養殖装置に含まれる。【選択図】図2[PROBLEMS] To provide a self-drying device for seaweed culture that can perform self-drying and automatic water submergence of net cracks, reduce labor strength and culture cost, and improve the quality of seaweed. A self-drying apparatus for seaweed culture includes a hollow rod 6 and a floating rod 8, and one end of the hollow rod 6 is fixedly connected perpendicularly to an intermediate portion of the floating rod 8, and is connected to the other end of the hollow rod 6. A large number of stable hollow rod 6 tails 15 are provided along the circumferential direction of the rod body, and a large float 7 is put on the hollow rod 6 between the tail 15 and the floating rod 8 to provide a large floating. A tension rope 12 is provided between both ends of the tool 7 and the floating rod 8, and a drying route cable 10 for pulling up the floating rod 8 together with the large float 7 along the axis of the rod body is provided through the hollow rod 6. The self-drying device for nori culture is included in a tide difference self-drying full-floating nori culture device. [Selection] Figure 2

Description

本考案は海苔養殖技術に関し、特に海苔養殖用自己乾燥装置、養殖装置及び潮差自己乾燥方法に関する。   The present invention relates to a seaweed culture technique, and more particularly to a self-drying device for seaweed culture, a culture device, and a tidal self-drying method.
近海の汚染の深刻化により養殖強度が高まるにつれて栄養素が不足し、海苔の枯れ病や腐れ病が引き続き増加すると共に、海岸や港の建設需要も高まってきており、近海養殖を行うことは難しくなってきている。潮間帯での半浮動(half-floating)海苔養殖から棒挿入式海苔養殖に発展し、使用初期には7〜8mであった支持棒が16〜17mとなり、毎年養殖区域が深海、外海に広がっている。しかし、支持棒は長さや強度に限界があるので、より深い海域では用いることができない。   As the aquaculture intensity increases due to the serious pollution of the nearby seas, nutrient deficiency is deficient, drought and rot of nori seaweed continues to increase, and the demand for construction of coasts and ports is also increasing, making it difficult to perform near-sea aquaculture. It is coming. From half-floating nori culture in the intertidal zone to rod-insertion type nori culture, the support rods that were 7-8m at the beginning of use become 16-17m, and the aquaculture area spreads to the deep sea and the open sea every year ing. However, support rods are limited in length and strength and cannot be used in deeper waters.
従来の全浮動(full-floating)いかだ式海苔養殖方法には、U字状全浮動いかだ乾燥養殖方法、三角フレーム式全浮動いかだ乾燥養殖方法及びターンオーバー式(turnover type)全浮動いかだ乾燥養殖方法があるが、これらの方法には次のような多くの欠点がある。第一に、前記養殖方法は、全て人工操作を必要とするので、労働強度が高く、海上作業が難しく、乾燥時間にも人為的な制御が必要であり、直ちに制御することが難しく、海苔の成長に影響を及ぼすことがある。第二に、風浪に対する耐性が劣る。人工で操作する乾燥装置は海苔養殖区域の浮遊ロープに固定するが、海苔養殖場全体が浮遊しており、それ自体は海底に連結固定されていない。海苔養殖場のルートケーブル(root cable)に対する衝撃荷重は非常に大きいので、風浪に対する耐性が劣らざるを得ない。また、人工操作乾燥の浮動いかだは、網ひびを支える際に網ひびの両端のみ支えるので、浮動いかだの二地点にかかる力が不安定であり、風浪の衝撃を受けると転覆したり傾きやすいため、風浪が大きい海域で用いるには適さず、装置自体の風浪防止性能もよくない。第三に、完全には乾燥されない。人工操作で乾燥させる場合、風浪が装置を不安定にするため、前記装置の中心を低くしなければならないので、海の風浪作用の中で海苔を完全に乾燥させることは困難である。第四に、海苔の採集を機械化して行うことができないので作業効率が低い。前記人工操作乾燥の全浮動海苔養殖方法は、海苔採集船が網ひびの底に入って海苔を収穫することができず、いかだフレームにより遮断されるので、人工採集が必要である。よって、多くの労働力を必要とするので、作業効率性が低い。また、収穫後に網ひびの海苔の長さを制御することも難しいので、次に採集する際に若い海苔と成長した海苔が混ざって海苔の品質に影響を及ぼすことがある。第五に、人工操作乾燥の網ひびは一度に水から取り出さなければならないが、重量が重いので浮動いかだの数が多くなり、操作時間が長くなるため、高い海苔養殖コストの割りに生産量は少ない。   Conventional full-floating raft nori culture methods include U-shaped full floating raft dry aquaculture method, triangle frame type full floating raft dry aquaculture method and turnover type fully floating raft dry aquaculture method However, these methods have many disadvantages as follows. First, since all of the aquaculture methods require artificial manipulation, labor intensity is high, maritime work is difficult, man-made control is also required for the drying time, and it is difficult to control immediately. May affect growth. Second, the resistance to wind is poor. Although the artificially operated drying device is fixed to the floating rope in the seaweed cultivation area, the whole seaweed farm is floating and is not fixedly connected to the seabed. The impact load on the root cable of the seaweed farm is so great that the resistance to wind is inferior. In addition, since the artificially-dried floating raft supports only the ends of the mesh crack when supporting the mesh crack, the force applied to the two points of the floating raft is unstable, and it tends to overturn and tilt when subjected to wind shocks. In addition, it is not suitable for use in a sea area where the wind is large, and the wind prevention performance of the device itself is not good. Third, it is not completely dried. When drying by an artificial operation, since the wind makes the device unstable, the center of the device must be lowered, so it is difficult to completely dry the seaweed in the sea wave action. Fourthly, the work efficiency is low because the laver collection cannot be mechanized. The artificially-dried all-floating nori culture method requires artificial collection because the nori collection vessel cannot enter the bottom of the net cracks and harvest the nori and is blocked by the raft frame. Therefore, since a lot of labor is required, work efficiency is low. In addition, since it is difficult to control the length of the netted seaweed after harvesting, young laver and grown seaweed may be mixed in the next collection to affect the quality of the seaweed. Fifth, artificially dried net cracks must be removed from the water at once, but because the weight is heavy, the number of floating rafts increases and the operation time becomes longer, so the production volume is high for the high seaweed culture cost Few.
中国特許ZL201320355207.1Chinese patent ZL201320355207.1
本考案は、設計が合理的で、使用に便利で、柔軟性があり、乾燥効果が卓越しているだけでなく、装置の安定性が高い海苔養殖用自己乾燥装置を提案することにより、従来技術の欠点を補完することを目的とする。   The present invention proposes a self-drying device for nori culture, which is rational in design, convenient to use, flexible, not only has excellent drying effect, but also has high device stability. The aim is to complement the shortcomings of the technology.
また、本考案は、設計が合理的で、養殖コストと管理コストを低減させることができ、高品質、高生産量の海苔を成長させるのに有益な潮差自己乾燥式全浮動(full-floating)海苔養殖装置を提案することにより、従来技術の欠点を補完することを目的とする。   In addition, the present invention is reasonable in design, can reduce aquaculture and management costs, and is useful for growing high quality, high production nori seaweed full-floating ) The aim is to complement the drawbacks of the prior art by proposing a nori culture device.
さらに、本考案は、設計が合理的で、使用に便利で、柔軟性があり、採集を機械化することができ、生産効率性が高く、養殖コストを低減させることができるだけでなく、深海や外海で養殖を行える潮差自己乾燥式養殖方法を提案することにより、従来技術の欠点を補完することを目的とする。   In addition, the present invention is not only reasonable in design, convenient to use, flexible, mechanized collection, high production efficiency, can reduce aquaculture cost, but also deep sea and open sea The aim is to complement the shortcomings of the prior art by proposing a tidal self-drying aquaculture method that can be cultivated in
本考案において補完しようとする技術問題は、次の技術方法により実現することができる。本考案の海苔養殖用自己乾燥装置は、中空棒と、浮遊棒とを含み、前記中空棒の一端は前記浮遊棒の中間部と垂直に固定連結され、前記中空棒の他端には棒体の円周方向に沿って均一に多数の安定した中空棒の尾翼が設けられ、前記尾翼と浮遊棒間の中空棒の上方に大きな浮具が被せられ、前記大きな浮具と浮遊棒の両端間に引張ロープが設けられ、前記中空棒内に棒体の軸線に沿って前記大きな浮具と共に前記浮遊棒を引き上げる乾燥ルートケーブルが貫通して設けられることを特徴とする。   The technical problem to be complemented in the present invention can be realized by the following technical method. A self-drying apparatus for seaweed cultivation according to the present invention includes a hollow bar and a floating bar, and one end of the hollow bar is fixedly connected to the middle part of the floating bar in a vertical direction. A large number of stable hollow rod tails are provided along the circumferential direction, and a large float is placed over the hollow rod between the tail and the floating rod, and between the large float and both ends of the floating rod. A pulling rope is provided in the hollow rod, and a dry route cable for pulling up the floating rod along with the large float along the axis of the rod body is provided therethrough.
本考案において補完しようとする技術問題は、次の技術方法によっても実現することができる。前記海苔養殖用自己乾燥装置において、前記中空棒の棒体は、プラスチック内管と、前記プラスチック内管の外に複合させた複合材料外管とから構成され、前記プラスチック内管と複合材料外管間に泡沫層が設けられ、前記中空棒の両端に通孔を有するパイププラグが設けられる。   The technical problem to be complemented in the present invention can also be realized by the following technical method. In the laver-cultivating self-drying apparatus, the rod of the hollow rod is composed of a plastic inner tube and a composite material outer tube combined outside the plastic inner tube, and the plastic inner tube and the composite material outer tube A foam layer is provided therebetween, and pipe plugs having through holes at both ends of the hollow rod are provided.
本考案において補完しようとする技術問題は、次の技術方法によっても実現することができる。前記海苔養殖用自己乾燥装置において、前記尾翼の外端の中空棒に前記中空棒の尾部及び尾翼を挿入する第1ロッククランプが設けられ、前記浮遊棒の両側の中空棒に前記浮遊棒及び中空棒の頭部を挿入する第2ロッククランプが設けられる。   The technical problem to be complemented in the present invention can also be realized by the following technical method. In the seaweed culture self-drying apparatus, a first lock clamp for inserting a tail portion and a tail of the hollow rod is provided in a hollow rod at an outer end of the tail, and the floating rod and the hollow are formed in hollow rods on both sides of the floating rod. A second lock clamp is provided for inserting the head of the rod.
本考案において補完しようとする技術問題は、次の技術方法によっても実現することができる。前記海苔養殖用自己乾燥装置において、前記大きな浮具の両端の中空棒に前記大きな浮具の位置を調節する位置固定クランプが設けられ、前記位置固定クランプと大きな浮具間に遮断板が設けられる。   The technical problem to be complemented in the present invention can also be realized by the following technical method. In the seaweed culture self-drying apparatus, a position fixing clamp for adjusting the position of the large floating device is provided on the hollow rods at both ends of the large floating device, and a blocking plate is provided between the position fixing clamp and the large floating device. .
本考案において補完しようとする技術問題は、次の技術方法によっても実現することができる。前記海苔養殖用自己乾燥装置において、前記浮遊棒に均一に多数の設置孔が設けられる。   The technical problem to be complemented in the present invention can also be realized by the following technical method. In the laver-cultivating self-drying apparatus, a large number of installation holes are uniformly provided in the floating rod.
本考案において補完しようとする技術問題は、次の技術方法によっても実現することができる。前記海苔養殖用自己乾燥装置において、前記大きな浮具には前記大きな浮具が分散することを防止する網スリーブが被せられている。   The technical problem to be complemented in the present invention can also be realized by the following technical method. In the self-drying apparatus for laver culture, the large float is covered with a net sleeve that prevents the large float from being dispersed.
本考案において補完しようとする技術問題は、次の技術方法によっても実現することができる。前記海苔養殖用自己乾燥装置において、前記引張ロープが対称に設けられる。   The technical problem to be complemented in the present invention can also be realized by the following technical method. In the self-drying apparatus for laver culture, the tension ropes are provided symmetrically.
また、本考案において補完しようとする技術問題は、次の技術方法により実現することができる。本考案の潮差自己乾燥式全浮動海苔養殖装置は、多数の横浮遊ロープと縦浮遊ロープとから構成された養殖網を含み、各前記縦浮遊ロープに多数の小さな浮具が設けられ、隣接する前記縦浮遊ロープ間に列間隔に応じて乾燥装置グループと網ひびグループが設けられ、各列の前記網ひびグループは前記横浮遊ロープと縦浮遊ロープに固定された多数の網ひびグループで構成され、各列の前記乾燥装置グループは多数の前述した自己乾燥装置で構成され、各前記自己乾燥装置の浮遊棒は締付装置により前記横浮遊ロープに固定され、前記養殖網の周囲の横浮遊ロープと縦浮遊ロープには多数の養殖網ルートケーブルが設けられる。   The technical problem to be supplemented in the present invention can be realized by the following technical method. The tide difference self-drying all-floating nori culture device of the present invention includes an aquaculture net composed of a large number of horizontal floating ropes and vertical floating ropes, and each vertical floating rope is provided with a large number of small floats adjacent to each other. A drying device group and a mesh crack group are provided between the vertical floating ropes according to the row interval, and the mesh crack group in each row is composed of a plurality of mesh crack groups fixed to the horizontal floating rope and the vertical floating rope. Each row of the drying device group is composed of a number of the above-described self-drying devices, and the floating rods of the self-drying devices are fixed to the horizontal floating rope by a fastening device, and the horizontal floating around the aquaculture net. A number of aquaculture net route cables are provided for ropes and vertical floating ropes.
本考案において補完しようとする技術問題は、次の技術方法によっても実現することができる。前記潮差自己乾燥式全浮動海苔養殖装置において、前記養殖網の隣接する前記横浮遊ロープの間隔は8〜10mであり、各列の前記乾燥装置グループの両側の縦浮遊ロープの間隔は3〜5mであり、各列の前記網ひびグループの両側の縦浮遊ロープの間隔は8〜10mである。   The technical problem to be complemented in the present invention can also be realized by the following technical method. In the tide difference self-drying all-floating nori culture device, the interval between the horizontal floating ropes adjacent to the aquaculture net is 8 to 10 m, and the interval between the vertical floating ropes on both sides of the drying device group in each row is 3 to 3. The distance between the vertical floating ropes on both sides of the mesh group in each row is 8 to 10 m.
さらに、本考案で補完しようとする技術問題は、次の技術方法により実現することができる。本考案の前述した海苔養殖用自己乾燥装置又は潮差自己乾燥式全浮動海苔養殖装置を採用する潮差自己乾燥式養殖方法は、養殖装置が上昇海流の逆流に沿って海水面に配置され、前記自己乾燥装置の浮遊棒が波に耐えられるように設けられ、前記養殖網の周囲及び自己乾燥装置の下方の海底に固定杭が設けられ、前記養殖網ルートケーブルが前記養殖網の下方の固定杭に固定され、前記自己乾燥装置の下方の固定杭に通孔が設けられ、前記通孔内を前記養殖網の横浮遊ロープと平行に設けられた保管ロープが貫通し、前記自己乾燥装置のうち尾翼の外端の乾燥ループケーブルと保管ロープが連結され、予め乾燥ループケーブルと保管ロープの長さを調整しておき、満潮時に前記中空棒が尾翼と引張ロープの作用下で安定性を維持し、満ち潮が来るときの浮力と波の衝撃作用下で前記中空棒の大きな浮具が押され、前記尾翼の一端の中空棒が水中の前記乾燥ルートケーブルにより引っ張られ、波が続けて前記中空棒の大きな浮具に衝撃を与えて浮遊させ、前記大きな浮具が上昇することにより前記浮遊棒の一端の中空棒を支えて前記浮遊棒及び養殖網が持ち上げられ、前記網ひびもそれに伴って上昇することにより水から遠ざかる。干潮時には、前記大きな浮具は引き潮と波の衝撃圧力下で下に向かって運動し、前記尾翼の一端の中空棒が相対的に浮遊し、前記浮遊棒及び養殖網は前記中空棒の支えがなくなり、前記網ひびは浸水する。   Furthermore, the technical problem to be complemented by the present invention can be realized by the following technical method. The tide self-drying aquaculture method adopting the self-drying device for laver culture or the tide self-drying all-floating nori culture device of the present invention, the aquaculture device is arranged on the sea surface along the reverse flow of the rising current, The floating rod of the self-drying device is provided to withstand waves, fixed piles are provided around the aquaculture net and below the self-drying device, and the aquaculture net route cable is fixed below the aquaculture net. Fixed to the pile, a through hole is provided in the fixed pile below the self-drying device, and a storage rope provided in parallel with the horizontal floating rope of the aquaculture net passes through the through-hole. Among them, the drying loop cable and storage rope at the outer end of the tail are connected, and the length of the drying loop cable and storage rope is adjusted in advance, and the hollow rod maintains stability under the action of the tail and tension rope at high tide. And the high tide The large floating device of the hollow rod is pushed under the action of buoyancy and wave impact when the hollow rod is pushed, the hollow rod at one end of the tail is pulled by the dry root cable in water, and the wave continues to float By impacting and floating the device, the floating device is lifted to support the hollow rod at one end of the floating rod so that the floating rod and the aquaculture net are lifted, and the net crack is also raised accordingly. Keep away from water. At low tide, the large floating device moves downward under the impact pressure of tide and wave, the hollow rod at one end of the tail wing floats relatively, and the floating rod and the aquaculture net support the hollow rod. The net crack is submerged.
本考案は、自己乾燥装置により潮差という自然の力を利用して網ひびが徐々に水から出てきて乾燥するようにするので、人が管理や操作を行う必要がなく、時間と労働力が縮小し、管理コストも減少する。大きな浮具と乾燥ルートケーブルを共に用いて満潮時に自動で網ひびを徐々に持ち上げるため、人が網ひびを直接持ち上げて乾燥させる必要がないので、労働強度が低く、乾燥ルートケーブルを保管ループに連結して船舶上の機械の作用により保管ロープを保管することができ、潮差を用いない場合も人の力で網ひびを持ち上げて乾燥させることができ、環境条件に応じて乾燥方式を柔軟に選択することができ、海苔の成長に適した生存環境を提供することができ、海苔の品質を向上させ、生産量を増加させる。尾翼と引張ロープを設け、テイクアップ棒の安定性を強化することにより、海の波と風によりテイクアップ棒が揺れたり、水から取り出して乾燥させるという効果に影響が及んだりすることを防止する。大きな浮具と小さな浮具を設けることにより装置全体の支持及び荷役の安定性を強化し、小さな浮具を少なくすることにより養殖過程に用いる機材のコストを減少させる。養殖装置において、横浮遊ロープと縦浮遊ロープの横方向と縦方向の距離を調節し、海水が養殖網間を流れるようにすることにより、豊富な栄養素を流入させ、高品質の海苔が成長するように保障し、機械化された採集を実現し、収穫効率を向上させる。潮差自己乾燥式養殖方法において、養殖網の周囲及び自己乾燥装置の下方の海底に多数の固定杭を設けることにより、前記装置の風浪防止性能を強化し、安定性と乾燥性を向上させ、深海や外海での海苔養殖を可能にする。自然の満潮と干潮を利用して海苔養殖網の自己乾燥を実現することにより、労働強度と養殖コストを低減し、網ひびが一度上がって一度下がると網ひびを自動洗浄することができ、海苔網に珪藻、緑藻、浮遊泥が付きにくく、海苔の健康な成長が保障される。従来技術と比較して設計が合理的で、使用に便利で、養殖コストも低減され、装置の安定性と風浪防止能力が強化され、深海や外海での養殖と機械化された収穫が可能になるという利点がある。   This device uses the natural power of tide difference by the self-drying device so that the net cracks gradually come out of the water and dry, so there is no need for human management and operation, time and labor Will be reduced and management costs will be reduced. A large float and dry route cable are used together to gradually lift the mesh cracks automatically at high tide, so there is no need for a person to lift the mesh cracks directly and dry them, so labor intensity is low and the dry route cable is used as a storage loop. It is possible to store the storage rope by the action of the machinery on the ship, and even when the tide difference is not used, the net crack can be lifted and dried by human power, and the drying method is flexible according to the environmental conditions Can be selected, can provide a living environment suitable for nori growth, improve the quality of nori and increase production. By providing a tail and a tension rope to enhance the stability of the take-up bar, it prevents the take-up bar from shaking due to sea waves and wind or affecting the effect of taking it out of the water and drying it. To do. By providing large floats and small floats, the overall support and handling stability of the apparatus is enhanced, and by reducing the small floats, the cost of equipment used in the aquaculture process is reduced. Adjust the horizontal and vertical distances of the horizontal floating rope and vertical floating rope in the aquaculture device so that seawater flows between the aquaculture nets, allowing abundant nutrients to flow in and high quality laver to grow And ensure mechanized collection and improve harvesting efficiency. In the tidal self-drying aquaculture method, by providing a large number of fixed piles around the aquaculture net and below the self-drying device, the wind prevention performance of the device is enhanced, and the stability and drying properties are improved. It enables laver culture in the deep and open seas. By using the natural high tide and low tide to achieve self-drying of the laver culture net, labor strength and aquaculture cost are reduced, and the net crack can be automatically washed once the net crack goes up and down once. Diatoms, green algae, and suspended mud are not easily attached to the net, ensuring healthy growth of seaweed. Reasonably designed compared to the prior art, convenient to use, reduces aquaculture costs, enhances equipment stability and wind protection capabilities, and enables aquaculture and mechanized harvest in deep and open seas There is an advantage.
本考案の構造説明図Structure illustration of the present invention 自己乾燥装置の構造説明図Structure diagram of self-drying equipment 本考案の作業原理説明図Working principle explanatory diagram of the present invention
以下、図面を参照して本考案の例示的な実施例についてより詳細に説明するが、これらは本考案の保護範囲を限定するものではない。   Hereinafter, exemplary embodiments of the present invention will be described in more detail with reference to the drawings, but these do not limit the protection scope of the present invention.
図1及び図2に示すように、海苔養殖用自己乾燥装置は、中空棒6と、浮遊棒8とを含み、中空棒6の一端は浮遊棒8の中間部と垂直に固定連結され、中空棒6の他端には棒体の円周方向に沿って均一に多数の安定した中空棒6の尾翼15が設けられ、尾翼15と浮遊棒8間の中空棒6の上方に大きな浮具7が被せられ、大きな浮具7と浮遊棒8の両端間に引張ロープ12が設けられ、中空棒6内に棒体の軸線に沿って大きな浮具7と共に浮遊棒8を引き上げる乾燥ルートケーブル10が貫通して設けられる。   As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the self-drying apparatus for laver culture includes a hollow rod 6 and a floating rod 8, and one end of the hollow rod 6 is fixedly connected to an intermediate portion of the floating rod 8 so as to be hollow. The other end of the rod 6 is provided with a large number of stable tails 15 of the hollow rod 6 uniformly along the circumferential direction of the rod body, and a large floating device 7 above the hollow rod 6 between the tail blade 15 and the floating rod 8. A tension rope 12 is provided between both ends of the large floating device 7 and the floating rod 8, and a drying route cable 10 for pulling up the floating rod 8 together with the large floating device 7 along the axis of the rod body in the hollow rod 6 is provided. It is provided through.
実施例1の海苔養殖用自己乾燥装置において、中空棒6の棒体は、プラスチック内管と、プラスチック内管の外に複合させた複合材料外管とから構成され、プラスチック内管と複合材料外管間に泡沫層が設けられ、中空棒の両端に通孔を有するパイププラグ17が設けられる。   In the self-drying apparatus for seaweed culture of Example 1, the rod body of the hollow rod 6 is composed of a plastic inner tube and a composite material outer tube compounded outside the plastic inner tube. A foam layer is provided between the tubes, and pipe plugs 17 having through holes at both ends of the hollow rod are provided.
実施例1の海苔養殖用自己乾燥装置において、尾翼15の外端の中空棒6に中空棒6の尾部及び尾翼15を挿入する第1ロッククランプ16が設けられ、浮遊棒8の両側の中空棒6に浮遊棒8及び中空棒6の頭部を挿入する第2ロッククランプ9が設けられる。   In the self-drying apparatus for seaweed culture of Example 1, the hollow rod 6 at the outer end of the tail 15 is provided with the first lock clamp 16 for inserting the tail of the hollow rod 6 and the tail 15, and the hollow rods on both sides of the floating rod 8. 6 is provided with a second lock clamp 9 for inserting the floating rod 8 and the head of the hollow rod 6.
実施例1の海苔養殖用自己乾燥装置において、大きな浮具7の両端の中空棒6に大きな浮具7の位置を調節する位置固定クランプ14が設けられ、位置固定クランプ14と大きな浮具7間に遮断板13が設けられる。   In the self-drying apparatus for seaweed cultivation according to the first embodiment, a position fixing clamp 14 for adjusting the position of the large floating device 7 is provided on the hollow rods 6 at both ends of the large floating device 7. A blocking plate 13 is provided.
実施例1の海苔養殖用自己乾燥装置において、浮遊棒8に均一に多数の設置孔11が設けられる。   In the self-drying apparatus for nori culture of Example 1, the floating rod 8 is provided with a large number of installation holes 11 uniformly.
実施例1の海苔養殖用自己乾燥装置において、大きな浮具7には大きな浮具7が分散することを防止する網スリーブが被せられている。   In the self-drying apparatus for seaweed culture of Example 1, the large float 7 is covered with a net sleeve that prevents the large float 7 from dispersing.
実施例1の海苔養殖用自己乾燥装置において、引張ロープ12が対称に設けられる。   In the self-drying apparatus for laver culture of Example 1, the tension ropes 12 are provided symmetrically.
潮差自己乾燥式全浮動海苔養殖装置は、多数の横浮遊ロープ1と縦浮遊ロープ2とから構成された養殖網を含み、各縦浮遊ロープ2に多数の小さな浮具3が設けられ、隣接する縦浮遊ロープ2間に列間隔に応じて乾燥装置グループと網ひびグループが設けられ、各列の網ひびグループは横浮遊ロープ1と縦浮遊ロープ2に固定された多数の網ひび4グループで構成され、各列の乾燥装置グループは実施例1〜7に示す多数の自己乾燥装置で構成され、各自己乾燥装置の浮遊棒8は締付装置により横浮遊ロープ1に固定される。前記養殖網の周囲の横浮遊ロープ1と縦浮遊ロープ2には多数の養殖網ルートケーブル5が設けられる。   The tidal self-drying all-floating nori culture device includes an aquaculture net composed of a number of horizontal floating ropes 1 and vertical floating ropes 2, and each vertical floating rope 2 is provided with a number of small floats 3 adjacent to each other. The drying device group and the mesh crack group are provided between the vertical floating ropes 2 according to the row spacing, and the mesh crack group of each row is composed of a large number of mesh cracks 4 groups fixed to the horizontal floating rope 1 and the vertical floating rope 2. The drying device group in each row is composed of a number of self-drying devices shown in Examples 1 to 7, and the floating rod 8 of each self-drying device is fixed to the horizontal floating rope 1 by a clamping device. A large number of aquaculture net route cables 5 are provided on the horizontal floating rope 1 and the vertical floating rope 2 around the aquaculture net.
実施例8の潮差自己乾燥式全浮動海苔養殖装置において、前記養殖網の隣接する横浮遊ロープ1の間隔は8〜10mであり、各列の乾燥装置グループの両側の縦浮遊ロープ2の間隔は3〜5mであり、各列の網ひびグループの両側の縦浮遊ロープ2の間隔は8〜10mである。   In the tide difference self-drying all-floating nori culture device of Example 8, the interval between the horizontal floating ropes 1 adjacent to the aquaculture net is 8 to 10 m, and the interval between the vertical floating ropes 2 on both sides of the drying device group in each row. Is 3 to 5 m, and the distance between the vertical floating ropes 2 on both sides of the mesh group in each row is 8 to 10 m.
図3に示すように、実施例1〜7に示す海苔養殖用自己乾燥装置又は実施例8及び9に示す潮差自己乾燥式全浮動海苔養殖装置を採用する潮差自己乾燥式養殖方法は、養殖装置が上昇海流の逆流に沿って海水面に配置され、自己乾燥装置の浮遊棒8が波に耐えられるように設けられ、養殖網の周囲及び自己乾燥装置の下方の海底の全てに固定杭18が設けられ、養殖網ルートケーブル5が養殖網の下方の固定杭18に固定され、前記自己乾燥装置の下方の固定杭18に通孔が設けられ、通孔内を養殖網の横浮遊ロープ1と平行に設けられた保管ロープ19が貫通し、前記自己乾燥装置のうち尾翼15の外端の乾燥ループケーブル10と収容放出ロープ19が連結され、予め乾燥ループケーブル10と保管ロープ19の長さを調整しておき、満潮時に中空棒6が尾翼15と引張ロープ12の作用下で安定性を維持し、満ち潮が来るときの浮力と波の衝撃作用下で中空棒6の大きな浮具7が押され、尾翼15の一端の中空棒6が水中の乾燥ルートケーブル10により引っ張られ、波が続けて中空棒6の大きな浮具7に衝撃を与えて浮遊させ、大きな浮具7が上昇することにより浮遊棒8の一端の中空棒6を支えて浮遊棒8及び養殖網が持ち上げられ、網ひび4もそれに伴って上昇することにより水から遠ざかる。干潮時には、大きな浮具7は引き潮と波の衝撃圧力下で下に向かって運動し、尾翼15の一端の中空棒6が相対的に浮遊し、浮遊棒8及び養殖網は中空棒6の支えがなくなり、網ひび4は浸水する。   As shown in FIG. 3, the tide self-drying aquaculture method employing the self-drying apparatus for nori culture shown in Examples 1 to 7 or the tide self-drying all-floating nori culture apparatus shown in Examples 8 and 9, The aquaculture device is placed on the sea surface along the reverse flow of the ascending current, and the floating rod 8 of the self-drying device is provided so as to be able to withstand the waves. 18 is provided, the aquaculture net route cable 5 is fixed to a fixed pile 18 below the aquaculture net, a through hole is provided in the fixed pile 18 below the self-drying device, and the horizontal floating rope of the aquaculture net is passed through the through hole. A storage rope 19 provided in parallel with 1 passes through, and the drying loop cable 10 and the storage discharge rope 19 at the outer end of the tail blade 15 of the self-drying device are connected to each other. Adjust the Sometimes the hollow rod 6 maintains stability under the action of the tail 15 and the tension rope 12, and the large float 7 of the hollow rod 6 is pushed under the action of buoyancy and waves when full tide comes, and one end of the tail 15 The hollow rod 6 is pulled by the underwater drying route cable 10, and the waves continue to impact and float the large floating device 7 of the hollow rod 6, and the large floating device 7 rises to raise one end of the floating rod 8. The floating rod 8 and the aquaculture net are lifted by supporting the hollow rod 6, and the net crack 4 is also raised along with it to move away from the water. At low tide, the big float 7 moves downward under the tide and wave impact pressure, the hollow rod 6 at one end of the tail 15 is relatively floated, and the floating rod 8 and the aquaculture net support the hollow rod 6. The mesh crack 4 is submerged.
潮差がない場合も前記自己乾燥装置及び養殖装置を用いて人工乾燥を行うことができる。   Even when there is no tide difference, artificial drying can be performed using the self-drying apparatus and the aquaculture apparatus.
前記複合材料外管には、公開されている特許文献1における調節式の環境にやさしい深海水産養殖専用支持棒を採用する。   For the composite material outer tube, a regulated environment-friendly support rod for deep seawater aquaculture in Patent Document 1 is adopted.
中空棒6において大きな浮具7の位置を調節したり、乾燥ルートケーブル10の引く程度を調節することにより、網ひび4の乾燥の高さ及び乾燥時間を制御することができ、大潮のときの網ひび4の乾燥時間は3〜4時間である。潮差が4〜6mであれば、一般に網ひび4の水上の高さは1.8m以上である。棒挿入式海苔養殖装置を採用する場合、一般に100×100m(33畝)を1単位とすると、計121本の複合材料支持棒、44本の海苔養殖網ルートケーブルが必要であり、養殖網の周囲に44本の固定杭、44個の大きな浮具が必要であり、養殖網に計2,500個の小さな浮具、400枚の海苔網(1.8×10m)が必要である。自己乾燥式全浮動海苔養殖装置を採用する場合、養殖面積100×[107,125]mを1単位とすると、88個の自己乾燥装置、10本の海底保管ロープ、56本の養殖網ルートケーブル、92本の固定杭が必要であり、121本の複合材料支持棒、44個の大きな浮具と1,250個の小さな浮具、計320〜400枚の海苔網(1.8×10m)を排除することができ、使用装置が少なく、管理が少なく、時間と労働力が短縮される。   By adjusting the position of the large float 7 in the hollow rod 6 and adjusting the degree of the drying route cable 10 to be pulled, the drying height and drying time of the mesh crack 4 can be controlled. The drying time of the mesh crack 4 is 3 to 4 hours. If the tide difference is 4 to 6 m, the net height of the mesh crack 4 is generally 1.8 m or more. When adopting a rod insertion type nori culture device, generally 100 × 100m (33cm) is one unit, a total of 121 composite material support rods and 44 nori culture net route cables are required. 44 fixed piles and 44 large floats are required around, and a total of 2500 small floats and 400 laver nets (1.8 × 10 m) are required for the aquaculture net. When adopting a self-drying all-floating nori culture device, assuming that the culture area is 100 × [107,125] m as one unit, 88 self-drying devices, 10 submarine storage ropes, 56 aquaculture net route cables , 92 fixed piles, 121 composite support rods, 44 large floats and 1,250 small floats, 320-400 laver nets (1.8 x 10m) Less equipment, less management, less time and labor.
採集船は半潮時に網ひび4の下に入ってより便利に海苔を収穫することができ、その際に自己乾燥装置のテイクアップ棒が網ひびを持ち上げるが、水上の高さは高くないので、採集船が網ひび4の底の下に入りやすく、機械化された採集が可能であるので、収穫した海苔の含水量が多くなく、収穫効率が高い。   The collecting vessel can enter under the net crack 4 at half tide and harvest the seaweed more conveniently. At that time, the take-up stick of the self-drying device lifts the net crack, but the height above the water is not high Since the collection vessel can easily enter the bottom of the net crack 4 and mechanized collection is possible, the water content of the harvested laver is not high and the harvesting efficiency is high.

Claims (10)

  1. 中空棒と、浮遊棒とを含み、前記中空棒の一端は前記浮遊棒の中間部と垂直に固定連結され、前記中空棒の他端には棒体の円周方向に沿って均一に多数の安定した中空棒の尾翼が設けられ、前記尾翼と浮遊棒間の中空棒の上方に大きな浮具が被せられ、前記大きな浮具と浮遊棒の両端間に引張ロープが設けられ、前記中空棒内に棒体の軸線に沿って前記大きな浮具と共に前記浮遊棒を引き上げる乾燥ルートケーブルが貫通して設けられる
    ことを特徴とする海苔養殖用自己乾燥装置。
    A hollow rod and a floating rod, and one end of the hollow rod is fixedly connected perpendicularly to an intermediate portion of the floating rod, and the other end of the hollow rod is uniformly many along the circumferential direction of the rod body. A stable hollow rod tail is provided, a large float is placed over the hollow rod between the tail and the floating rod, and a tension rope is provided between both ends of the large float and the floating rod; A self-drying device for laver cultivation, wherein a drying route cable for pulling up the floating rod together with the large float is provided along the axis of the rod body.
  2. 前記中空棒の棒体は、プラスチック内管と、前記プラスチック内管の外に複合させた複合材料外管とから構成され、前記プラスチック内管と複合材料外管間に泡沫層が設けられ、前記中空棒の両端に通孔を有するパイププラグが設けられる
    請求項1に記載の海苔養殖用自己乾燥装置。
    The rod of the hollow rod is composed of a plastic inner tube and a composite material outer tube compounded outside the plastic inner tube, and a foam layer is provided between the plastic inner tube and the composite material outer tube, The self-drying apparatus for seaweed culture according to claim 1, wherein pipe plugs having through holes are provided at both ends of the hollow bar.
  3. 前記尾翼の外端の中空棒に前記中空棒の尾部及び尾翼を挿入する第1ロッククランプが設けられ、前記浮遊棒の両側の中空棒に前記浮遊棒及び中空棒の頭部を挿入する第2ロッククランプが設けられる
    請求項1に記載の海苔養殖用自己乾燥装置。
    A first lock clamp for inserting the tail of the hollow rod and the tail blade is provided in the hollow rod at the outer end of the tail wing, and a second rod for inserting the floating rod and the head of the hollow rod into the hollow rod on both sides of the floating rod. The self-drying apparatus for seaweed culture according to claim 1, wherein a lock clamp is provided.
  4. 前記大きな浮具の両端の中空棒に前記大きな浮具の位置を調節する位置固定クランプが設けられ、前記位置固定クランプと大きな浮具間に遮断板が設けられ
    請求項1に記載の海苔養殖用自己乾燥装置。
    2. The nori culture according to claim 1, wherein a position fixing clamp for adjusting a position of the large floating device is provided on a hollow rod at both ends of the large floating device, and a blocking plate is provided between the position fixing clamp and the large floating device. Self-drying device.
  5. 前記浮遊棒に均一に多数の設置孔が設けられる
    請求項1に記載の海苔養殖用自己乾燥装置。
    The self-drying apparatus for seaweed cultivation according to claim 1, wherein the floating rod is uniformly provided with a large number of installation holes.
  6. 前記大きな浮具には前記大きな浮具が分散することを防止する網スリーブが被せられている
    請求項1に記載の海苔養殖用自己乾燥装置。
    The self-drying apparatus for seaweed cultivation according to claim 1, wherein the large float is covered with a net sleeve that prevents the large float from being dispersed.
  7. 前記引張ロープが対称に設けられる
    請求項1に記載の海苔養殖用自己乾燥装置。
    The self-drying apparatus for seaweed cultivation according to claim 1, wherein the tension ropes are provided symmetrically.
  8. 多数の横浮遊ロープと縦浮遊ロープとから構成された養殖網を含み、各前記縦浮遊ロープに多数の小さな浮具が設けられ、隣接する前記縦浮遊ロープ間に列間隔に応じて乾燥装置グループと網ひびグループが設けられ、各列の前記網ひびグループは前記横浮遊ロープと縦浮遊ロープに固定された多数の網ひびグループで構成され、各列の前記乾燥装置グループは多数の請求項1ないし7のいずれかに記載の海苔養殖用自己乾燥装置で構成され、
    各前記自己乾燥装置の浮遊棒は締付装置により前記横浮遊ロープに固定され、前記養殖網の周囲の横浮遊ロープと縦浮遊ロープには多数の養殖網ルートケーブルが設けられる
    ことを特徴とする潮差自己乾燥式全浮動海苔養殖装置。
    It includes an aquaculture net composed of a large number of horizontal floating ropes and vertical floating ropes, each of the vertical floating ropes being provided with a large number of small floats, and a drying device group according to a row interval between the adjacent vertical floating ropes The mesh crack group of each row is composed of a plurality of mesh crack groups fixed to the horizontal floating rope and the vertical floating rope, and the drying device group of each row is a large number. It consists of a self-drying apparatus for seaweed culture according to any one of 7 to 7,
    The floating rod of each self-drying device is fixed to the horizontal floating rope by a clamping device, and a plurality of culture net route cables are provided on the horizontal floating rope and the vertical floating rope around the culture net. Tidal self-drying all floating nori culture equipment.
  9. 前記養殖網の隣接する前記横浮遊ロープの間隔は8〜10mであり、各列の前記乾燥装置グループの両側の縦浮遊ロープの間隔は3〜5mであり、各列の前記網ひびグループの両側の縦浮遊ロープの間隔は8〜10mである
    請求項8に記載の潮差自己乾燥式全浮動海苔養殖装置。
    The distance between the adjacent horizontal floating ropes of the aquaculture net is 8 to 10 m, the distance between the vertical floating ropes on both sides of the drying device group in each row is 3 to 5 m, and both sides of the net crack group in each row. The interval between the vertical floating ropes is 8 to 10 m.
  10. 養殖装置が上昇海流の逆流に沿って海水面に配置され、前記自己乾燥装置の浮遊棒が波に耐えられるように設けられ、前記養殖網の周囲及び自己乾燥装置の下方の海底に固定杭が設けられ、前記養殖網ルートケーブルが前記養殖網の下方の固定杭に固定され、前記自己乾燥装置の下方の固定杭に通孔が設けられ、前記通孔内を前記養殖網の横浮遊ロープと平行に設けられた保管ロープが貫通し、前記自己乾燥装置のうち尾翼の外端の乾燥ループケーブルと保管ロープが連結され、予め乾燥ループケーブルと保管ロープの長さを調整しておき、満潮時に前記中空棒が尾翼と引張ロープの作用下で安定性を維持し、満ち潮が来るときの浮力と波の衝撃作用下で前記中空棒の大きな浮具が押され、前記尾翼の一端の中空棒が水中の前記乾燥ルートケーブルにより引っ張られ、波が続けて前記中空棒の大きな浮具に衝撃を与えて浮遊させ、前記大きな浮具が上昇することにより前記浮遊棒の一端の中空棒を支えて前記浮遊棒及び養殖網が持ち上げられ、前記網ひびもそれに伴って上昇することにより水から遠ざかり、干潮時には、前記大きな浮具は引き潮と波の衝撃圧力下で下に向かって運動し、前記尾翼の一端の中空棒が相対的に浮遊し、前記浮遊棒及び養殖網は前記中空棒の支えがなくなり、前記網ひびは浸水し、
    請求項1ないし7のいずれかに記載の海苔養殖用自己乾燥装置又は請求項8または9に記載の潮差自己乾燥式全浮動海苔養殖装置を採用する
    ことを特徴とする潮差自己乾燥式養殖方法。
    An aquaculture device is placed on the sea surface along the reverse flow of the rising ocean current, the floating rod of the self-drying device is provided to withstand waves, and fixed piles are placed around the aquaculture net and below the self-drying device on the seabed Provided, the aquaculture net route cable is fixed to a fixed pile below the aquaculture net, a through hole is provided in the fixed pile below the self-drying device, and the horizontal floating rope of the aquaculture net is formed in the through hole A storage rope provided in parallel passes through, and the drying loop cable and the storage rope at the outer end of the tail are connected to each other in the self-drying device. The hollow rod maintains stability under the action of the tail and the tension rope, and the large float of the hollow rod is pushed under the impact of buoyancy and waves when full tide comes, and the hollow rod at one end of the tail is The dried root root in water Pulled by the bull, the wave continues to impact and float the large floating device of the hollow rod, and the large floating device rises to support the hollow rod at one end of the floating rod to support the floating rod and the aquaculture net The net cracks move away from the water by rising along with it, and at low tide, the large floating device moves downward under the impact pressure of tide and waves, and the hollow rod at one end of the tail is Floating relatively, the floating rod and the aquaculture net is no longer supported by the hollow rod, the net cracks are submerged,
    A self-drying device for laver culture according to any one of claims 1 to 7 or a tide self-drying all-floating laver culture device according to claim 8 or 9 is used. Method.
JP2016600119U 2014-06-13 2014-07-31 Self-drying device for laver culture and tidal self-drying all-floating nori culture device Expired - Fee Related JP3211403U (en)

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