CN101438684A - Controllable aqueous layer raft type cultivation system - Google Patents

Controllable aqueous layer raft type cultivation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101438684A
CN101438684A CNA2007101569630A CN200710156963A CN101438684A CN 101438684 A CN101438684 A CN 101438684A CN A2007101569630 A CNA2007101569630 A CN A2007101569630A CN 200710156963 A CN200710156963 A CN 200710156963A CN 101438684 A CN101438684 A CN 101438684A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rope
ball float
regulation
water layer
control
Prior art date
Application number
CNA2007101569630A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴常文
桂福坤
徐梅英
常抗美
缪飞舟
Original Assignee
浙江海洋学院
浙江东海海洋研究院
浙江大海洋科技有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 浙江海洋学院, 浙江东海海洋研究院, 浙江大海洋科技有限公司 filed Critical 浙江海洋学院
Priority to CNA2007101569630A priority Critical patent/CN101438684A/en
Publication of CN101438684A publication Critical patent/CN101438684A/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

A raft culture system capable of controlling a water layer consists of a boom rope, a balance floating ball string, an anchor rope, a fixed floating ball, a water layer regulation floating ball, a depth regulation rope, a balancing weight, a stake anchor and the like. The boom rope is provided with the balance floating ball string and the depth regulation rope; the water layer regulation floating ball is tied to the upper end of the depth regulation rope, and the balancing weight is tied to the lower end of the depth regulation rope; the culture water layer is controlled by controlling the length of the depth regulation rope; submergence of the boom rope is favorable for improving wind and wave resistance of the raft system in stormy weather and adapted to requirements of different cultured objects for the culture water layer. The system has simple machining process, convenient operation, long service life, is favorable for wide popularization and is adapted to the requirements for moving the raft facility culture offshore.

Description

A kind of controllable aqueous layer raft type cultivation system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of controllable aqueous layer raft type cultivation system, belong to the aquatic product culture apparatus field.
Background technology
Raft culture is made significant contribution for China's mariculture, is one of main mode of China's mariculture.Though the raft culture scale of China occupies first place in the world, culture kind and relate to algae (sea-tangle, laver, asparagus, Eucheuma, agar, Sargassum fusiforme (Harv.) Setch), shellfish (scallop, oyster, mussel), Bao, ginseng, sea urchin, tens kinds of crab classes etc., cultured output accounts for the over half of domestic mariculture gross yield, per unit area yield has also reached higher level, but the mariculture activity major part of China concentrates on offshore-15 meter isobath with shallow waters at present, waters between-15~-40 meters isobaths still remains to be developed energetically, stream is anxious but because the wave is high in these marine sites, be difficult for setting up the raft culture equipment, therefore be badly in need of carrying out the wind wave resistance technical research of high sea situation waters raft culture facility, expand new breed space, satisfy great demand the sea fishery healthy and sustainable development.The Eleventh Five-Year Plan period; country has given abundant attention to raft culture job facilities and ecologic breeding technology; project verification major project problem; how tame colleges and universities and scientific research institutions' cooperation powerful in the United Nations are tackled key problems; at the marine site ecological characteristic; with the shellfish algae is the main object of culturing, and research raft culture job facilities structure and layout optimization technique, wind wave resistance technology, large-scale ecological control technique make up the efficient raft culture job facilities system of suitable high sea situation operation.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of controllable aqueous layer raft type cultivation system, by the power of drifting along and the buoyant rope length in the control raft formula system, realize the descending operation of raft culture system, solved the wind wave resistance poor performance and the problem that can not regulate and control water layer arbitrarily of existing deep water raft culture facility.
A kind of controllable aqueous layer raft type cultivation system, by well rope rope (1), balance ball float string (2), anchor line (4), fixing ball float (5), water layer regulation and control ball float (6), degree of depth regulation and control ropes (7), pouring weight (8), piled anchor (9) is formed, well rope rope (1) is main rope, length can reach 40m~100m, culturing object (3) hangs on the well rope rope (1), balance ball float string (2) is a string little float, rope series connection by the about 8mm of diameter, evenly tie on well rope rope (1), be used for balance and culture most of weight of object (3), water layer control ball float (6) is tied respectively in the two ends and the middle part of well rope rope (1) by degree of depth regulation and control ropes (7), if well rope rope (1) more in short-term, only need to be provided with at two ends, pouring weight (8) is tied in well rope rope (1) position of each water layer control ball float correspondence, is used for effectively realizing the sinking of well rope rope (1), and fixedly ball float (5) and even restrict (10) are arranged in the appropriate location that anchor line (4) is held on the upper side, this node one end links to each other with well rope rope (1), and the other end is connected with piled anchor (9).
The present invention adopts the submerged depth of degree of depth regulation and control rope control well rope rope, not only helps improving the raft formula system wind wave resistance performance under the typhoon weather, and can adapt to the different breeding object to culturing the requirement of water layer.Processing technology of the present invention is simple, and operation is convenient, and long service life is convenient to large-scale popularization, has well adapted to the demand that facility cultivation advances to the off-lying sea.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is a kind of structural representation under the dive state of the present invention.
Accompanying drawing 2 is a kind of structural representation under the floating state of the present invention.
Fig. 1: 1, well rope rope 2, balance ball float string 3, culture object 4, anchor line 5, fixing ball float
6, water layer regulation and control ball float 7, the degree of depth are regulated and control rope 8, pouring weight 9 piled anchors 10, fixedly ball float connects rope
Fig. 2: 1, well rope rope 2, balance ball float string 3, culture object 4, anchor line 5, fixing ball float
6, water layer regulation and control ball float 7, the degree of depth are regulated and control rope 8, pouring weight 9 piled anchors 10, fixedly ball float connects rope
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, technical scheme of the present invention is described in further detail.
As shown in Figures 1 and 2, a kind of controllable aqueous layer raft type cultivation system, well rope rope (1) is a polyethylene rope, long 40m~100m, two ends link to each other with piled anchor (9) by anchor line (4), are fixed in to specify to culture the sea area.The upper end of anchor line (4) is apart from water surface certain position place, link to each other with fixing ball float (5) by connecting rope (10), the length that connects rope (10) needs the depth capacity of dive to decide on well rope rope (1), according to actual sea situation wave condition, can select in 2.0m ~ 4.0m scope, the maximum diving depth of well rope rope (1) can reach 4.0m ~ 8.0m like this.Fixedly the setting of ball float (5) is in order to guarantee that anchor line (4) is in tensioning state all the time, controls the maximum diving depth of well rope rope (1) simultaneously.Culture object (3) and directly tie on well rope rope (1),, go up even hanging balancing ball float string (2) at well rope rope (1) for the weight of balance breed object (3).Culture object (3) weightening finish gradually, so in breeding process, the buoyancy that needs continuous adjustment ball float string (2) to provide.Have two kinds of methods to realize: the one, whole balance ball float string (2) to be changed, balance ball float string (2) is connected suitably big or small float by rope, carries out integral replacing then; The 2nd, according to the growing state of culturing object (3), constantly increase the quantity of little float.In order to realize any control of well rope rope (1) submerged depth, be connected water layer regulation and control ball float (6) by degree of depth regulation and control ropes (7) respectively with the middle part at the two ends of well rope rope (1).Because most of weight of breed object (3) is balanced ball float string (2) and offsets, therefore for realizing stable sinking, tie weight (8) respectively in degree of depth regulation and control rope (7) bottom, the submerged depth of well rope rope (1) can be controlled by the length of adjusting degree of depth regulation and control ropes (7).
In the such scheme, each rope can adopt the polyethylene material, and its diameter is decided on the breed scale, and the diameter of general well rope rope (1) and anchor line (4) should be suitably big.Various ball floats or float can adopt materials such as plastics ball float, glass ball float or foam ball float.Though illustrate and describe by the reference preferred examples, those skilled in the art should understand, and in the scope of claims, can do the various variations on form and the details.

Claims (4)

1, a kind of controllable aqueous layer raft type cultivation system, by: well rope rope (1), balance ball float string (2), anchor line (4), fixedly ball float (5), water layer regulation and control ball float (6), degree of depth regulation and control ropes (7), pouring weight (8) and piled anchor (9) are formed, one end of anchor line (4) and well rope rope (1) link, the other end and piled anchor (9) link, it is characterized in that: balance ball float string (2) is tied on well rope rope (1), fixedly ball float (5) and even restrict (10) are arranged in the end on the upper side of anchor line (4), have also tied water layer control ball float (6) and pouring weight (8) on the well rope rope (1).
2, a kind of controllable aqueous layer raft type cultivation system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: balance ball float string (2) is a string little float, rope series connection by the about 8mm of diameter, evenly tie on well rope rope (1), the weightening finish situation of the visual breed object of available buoyancy of balance ball float string (2) is regulated.
3, a kind of controllable aqueous layer raft type cultivation system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: culturing the degree of depth can control arbitrarily by the length of regulating degree of depth regulation and control ropes (7), water layer regulation and control ball float (6) is tied in degree of depth regulation and control ropes (7) upper end, and pouring weight (8) is tied in the lower end.
4, a kind of controllable aqueous layer raft type cultivation system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: fixedly the setting of ball float (5) makes anchor line (4) be in tensioning state all the time.
CNA2007101569630A 2007-11-22 2007-11-22 Controllable aqueous layer raft type cultivation system CN101438684A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2007101569630A CN101438684A (en) 2007-11-22 2007-11-22 Controllable aqueous layer raft type cultivation system

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Cited By (28)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101822207A (en) * 2010-05-06 2010-09-08 山东海之宝海洋科技有限公司 Construction method of deep-water high-region laminaria culture float raft
CN101658128B (en) * 2009-09-18 2011-02-09 中国科学院海洋研究所 Algae wind-wave resisting rope sinking type cultivation facility and method
CN102228012A (en) * 2011-06-10 2011-11-02 浙江海洋学院 Floating fish shelter with controllable depth
CN102499053A (en) * 2011-11-22 2012-06-20 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 Kelp deep-water composite space culture facility and method
CN102578015A (en) * 2012-04-02 2012-07-18 大连獐子岛渔业集团股份有限公司 Shellfish cultivation method using deep-water stand raft
CN102870721A (en) * 2012-10-26 2013-01-16 朱元康 Integrated culture system on sea
CN102905520A (en) * 2010-04-07 2013-01-30 史蒂文·J·莱斯利 Aquaculture assembly and method
CN103109731A (en) * 2012-12-06 2013-05-22 浙江海洋学院普陀科学技术学院 Double-tube raft frame
CN103141283A (en) * 2013-03-16 2013-06-12 章鸿 Suspension planting method for aquatic plants
CN103299933A (en) * 2013-06-09 2013-09-18 浙江海洋学院普陀科学技术学院 Combined elevation and raft type cultivation device
CN104273068A (en) * 2014-10-20 2015-01-14 浙江海洋学院 Floating type carbon sequestration shellfish and algae aquaculture method
CN104938323A (en) * 2015-07-07 2015-09-30 宁波大学 Over-summer seedling culture method for juvenile sporophytes of gulfweeds in mixed water area
CN105724232A (en) * 2016-02-26 2016-07-06 大连海洋大学 Control method for attachment of common mussels to raft-culture gacilaria lemaneiformis
CN105993906A (en) * 2016-06-02 2016-10-12 莆田市海扬食品有限公司 Method for simultaneously cultivating kelp and porphyra haitanensis
CN106165644A (en) * 2016-04-18 2016-11-30 山东大学(威海) A kind of Sargassum increment raft frame
CN107155865A (en) * 2017-07-10 2017-09-15 温州市洞头区水产科学技术研究所 A kind of method for propagating sargassum fusifome artificially
CN107439457A (en) * 2017-09-12 2017-12-08 浙江海洋大学 A kind of aquafarm platform
CN108124800A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-06-08 广西正五海洋产业股份有限公司 Oyster floatable hangs raft cultural method
CN108174807A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-06-19 广西正五海洋产业股份有限公司 The Oyster in Raft Culture cultural method of wind and wave resistance
CN108925475A (en) * 2017-05-27 2018-12-04 苑春亭 In the bivalve raft cultivation method of remote bank sea area autumn supply biological feed
CN108935066A (en) * 2018-08-07 2018-12-07 海南省海洋与渔业科学院 (海南省海洋开发规划设计研究院) A kind of buoyant raft linked network formula implantation methods of fine jade branch
CN109042285A (en) * 2018-08-27 2018-12-21 吴常文 A kind of phytal zone steel pile type device for dried purple seaweed culturing
CN109042284A (en) * 2018-07-23 2018-12-21 河海大学 A kind of mooring gear suitable for the plantation of deep water seaweed
CN109548642A (en) * 2018-12-20 2019-04-02 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 A kind of laminaria culture device be easily managed, harvest, drying and its working method
CN109744140A (en) * 2019-03-06 2019-05-14 山东省海洋生物研究院 A kind of surely raw seaweed indoor highly effective method for culturing seedlings of oogamy
WO2019103713A3 (en) * 2017-07-13 2019-08-22 Caganlar Caglar Double pipe cultivation system for reducing losses occurring due to wind, wave and tide in mussel cultivation farms
CN110291984A (en) * 2019-08-09 2019-10-01 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 Raft frame and system for large-scale waters deep water plantation water plant
CN108124800B (en) * 2017-12-27 2021-03-05 广西正五海洋产业股份有限公司 Oyster floating type hanging raft culture method

Cited By (39)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101658128B (en) * 2009-09-18 2011-02-09 中国科学院海洋研究所 Algae wind-wave resisting rope sinking type cultivation facility and method
CN102905520A (en) * 2010-04-07 2013-01-30 史蒂文·J·莱斯利 Aquaculture assembly and method
CN102905520B (en) * 2010-04-07 2015-07-15 史蒂文·J·莱斯利 Aquaculture assembly and method
CN101822207B (en) * 2010-05-06 2011-12-21 山东海之宝海洋科技有限公司 Construction method of deep-water high-region laminaria culture float raft
CN101822207A (en) * 2010-05-06 2010-09-08 山东海之宝海洋科技有限公司 Construction method of deep-water high-region laminaria culture float raft
CN102228012A (en) * 2011-06-10 2011-11-02 浙江海洋学院 Floating fish shelter with controllable depth
CN102228012B (en) * 2011-06-10 2013-09-18 浙江海洋学院 Floating fish shelter with controllable depth
CN102499053A (en) * 2011-11-22 2012-06-20 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 Kelp deep-water composite space culture facility and method
CN102578015A (en) * 2012-04-02 2012-07-18 大连獐子岛渔业集团股份有限公司 Shellfish cultivation method using deep-water stand raft
CN102870721A (en) * 2012-10-26 2013-01-16 朱元康 Integrated culture system on sea
CN102870721B (en) * 2012-10-26 2014-05-28 朱元康 Integrated culture system on sea
CN103109731A (en) * 2012-12-06 2013-05-22 浙江海洋学院普陀科学技术学院 Double-tube raft frame
CN103141283A (en) * 2013-03-16 2013-06-12 章鸿 Suspension planting method for aquatic plants
CN103141283B (en) * 2013-03-16 2016-05-18 章鸿 The suspension implantation methods of a kind of water plant
CN103299933A (en) * 2013-06-09 2013-09-18 浙江海洋学院普陀科学技术学院 Combined elevation and raft type cultivation device
CN104273068A (en) * 2014-10-20 2015-01-14 浙江海洋学院 Floating type carbon sequestration shellfish and algae aquaculture method
CN104938323A (en) * 2015-07-07 2015-09-30 宁波大学 Over-summer seedling culture method for juvenile sporophytes of gulfweeds in mixed water area
CN104938323B (en) * 2015-07-07 2017-04-12 宁波大学 Over-summer seedling culture method for juvenile sporophytes of gulfweeds in mixed water area
CN105724232A (en) * 2016-02-26 2016-07-06 大连海洋大学 Control method for attachment of common mussels to raft-culture gacilaria lemaneiformis
CN106165644B (en) * 2016-04-18 2019-12-24 山东大学(威海) Seaweed value-added raft frame
CN106165644A (en) * 2016-04-18 2016-11-30 山东大学(威海) A kind of Sargassum increment raft frame
CN105993906A (en) * 2016-06-02 2016-10-12 莆田市海扬食品有限公司 Method for simultaneously cultivating kelp and porphyra haitanensis
CN108925475A (en) * 2017-05-27 2018-12-04 苑春亭 In the bivalve raft cultivation method of remote bank sea area autumn supply biological feed
CN108925475B (en) * 2017-05-27 2020-11-06 苑春亭 Raft type shellfish culture method for supplying biological bait in autumn of offshore area
CN107155865A (en) * 2017-07-10 2017-09-15 温州市洞头区水产科学技术研究所 A kind of method for propagating sargassum fusifome artificially
WO2019103713A3 (en) * 2017-07-13 2019-08-22 Caganlar Caglar Double pipe cultivation system for reducing losses occurring due to wind, wave and tide in mussel cultivation farms
CN107439457B (en) * 2017-09-12 2019-09-03 浙江海洋大学 A kind of aquafarm platform
CN107439457A (en) * 2017-09-12 2017-12-08 浙江海洋大学 A kind of aquafarm platform
CN108174807B (en) * 2017-12-27 2020-11-03 广西正五海洋产业股份有限公司 Wind wave resistant oyster raft culture method
CN108124800A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-06-08 广西正五海洋产业股份有限公司 Oyster floatable hangs raft cultural method
CN108174807A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-06-19 广西正五海洋产业股份有限公司 The Oyster in Raft Culture cultural method of wind and wave resistance
CN108124800B (en) * 2017-12-27 2021-03-05 广西正五海洋产业股份有限公司 Oyster floating type hanging raft culture method
CN109042284A (en) * 2018-07-23 2018-12-21 河海大学 A kind of mooring gear suitable for the plantation of deep water seaweed
CN108935066B (en) * 2018-08-07 2020-06-16 海南省海洋与渔业科学院(海南省海洋开发规划设计研究院) Floating raft net hanging type planting method for agar sticks
CN108935066A (en) * 2018-08-07 2018-12-07 海南省海洋与渔业科学院 (海南省海洋开发规划设计研究院) A kind of buoyant raft linked network formula implantation methods of fine jade branch
CN109042285A (en) * 2018-08-27 2018-12-21 吴常文 A kind of phytal zone steel pile type device for dried purple seaweed culturing
CN109548642A (en) * 2018-12-20 2019-04-02 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 A kind of laminaria culture device be easily managed, harvest, drying and its working method
CN109744140A (en) * 2019-03-06 2019-05-14 山东省海洋生物研究院 A kind of surely raw seaweed indoor highly effective method for culturing seedlings of oogamy
CN110291984A (en) * 2019-08-09 2019-10-01 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 Raft frame and system for large-scale waters deep water plantation water plant

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Open date: 20090527