CN106472166A - A kind of beam-connected greenhouse - Google Patents

A kind of beam-connected greenhouse Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106472166A
CN106472166A CN201610682543.5A CN201610682543A CN106472166A CN 106472166 A CN106472166 A CN 106472166A CN 201610682543 A CN201610682543 A CN 201610682543A CN 106472166 A CN106472166 A CN 106472166A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
film
greenhouse
canopy
support
booth
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610682543.5A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张玉良
Original Assignee
张玉良
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CN201510506196 priority Critical
Priority to CN2015105061966 priority
Application filed by 张玉良 filed Critical 张玉良
Publication of CN106472166A publication Critical patent/CN106472166A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/14Greenhouses
    • A01G9/1407Greenhouses of flexible synthetic material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G1/00Storing articles, individually or in orderly arrangement, in warehouses or magazines
    • B65G1/02Storage devices
    • B65G1/04Storage devices mechanical
    • B65G1/12Storage devices mechanical with separate article supports or holders movable in a closed circuit to facilitate insertion or removal of articles the articles being books, documents, forms or the like
    • B65G1/127Storage devices mechanical with separate article supports or holders movable in a closed circuit to facilitate insertion or removal of articles the articles being books, documents, forms or the like the circuit being confined in a vertical plane
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/22Shades or blinds for greenhouses, or the like
    • A01G9/227Shades or blinds for greenhouses, or the like rolled up during non-use
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/246Air-conditioning systems
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G17/00Conveyors having an endless traction element, e.g. a chain, transmitting movement to a continuous or substantially-continuous load-carrying surface or to a series of individual load-carriers; Endless-chain conveyors in which the chains form the load-carrying surface
    • B65G17/12Conveyors having an endless traction element, e.g. a chain, transmitting movement to a continuous or substantially-continuous load-carrying surface or to a series of individual load-carriers; Endless-chain conveyors in which the chains form the load-carrying surface comprising a series of individual load-carriers fixed, or normally fixed, relative to traction element
    • B65G17/126Bucket elevators
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

A kind of beam-connected greenhouse, belong to booth construction and application, at least employ the canopy film of film material at booth top, in canopy, adopt a row or multi-row support member, and increased press mold part on every row's support member top, canopy film is supported by press mold part or hangs and be connected as overall ceiling.

Description

A kind of beam-connected greenhouse
Technical field
The invention belongs to air film booth constructing technology field.
Background technology
Wide, such as pneumatic membrane building and air film warmhouse booth etc. have been compared in air film booth application at present, have embodied low one-tenth This, flexible structure and the advantage such as removable, the cooperation air conditioning system scope of application gets more and more, but there is a problem that generally adopts With the overall structure of single-span, height is necessarily led to be substantially increased in relatively large greenhouse structure, internal useless upper space It is significantly increased therewith, leading to heat is increased considerably with refrigeration cost, wind resisting structure high cost, simultaneously as in volume increase Portion is forced through press mold net and focuses on around lands on fixture, so that structural strength is also increased, leads to cost of investment to increase therewith, Limit large-scaleization application, application is less in warmhouse booth field, large greenhouse air film booth or even an air film booth are also Do not propose.In addition, large-scale air film booth needs constant lasting relatively atmospheric pressure to maintain balance, air feed energy consumption is larger to be also not suitable for For greenhouse for planting vegetable.In a word, the only inefficient glass of high cost is applied still in the scale of company or large-span greenhouse Booth, also do not have low-cost high-efficiency benefit can large-scale promotion booth new technique.
Content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention:Reduce cost of investment and the use cost of big-and-middle-sized booth, expand the use model of air film booth Enclose, promote the widespread adoption of high benefit air film warmhouse booth.
Technical scheme:
A kind of beam-connected greenhouse, belongs to booth construction and application, at least employs the canopy of film material at booth top Film, adopts a row or multi-row support member in canopy, and increased press mold part on every row's support member top, and canopy film passes through press mold part quilt Support or hang and be connected as overall ceiling, increase blast apparatus and produce normal pressure to air blast in canopy, can increase in canopy Support strength, forms air film booth.Obviously, canopy film can become warmhouse booth using transparent membrane material.
For increasing canopy film rated wind velocity, above canopy film, cover press mold net or film-pressing line, the surrounding of press mold net or film-pressing line Termination be connected to fixture, described fixture lower end is fixed in ground.
The adjacent canopy film that press mold part will need to connect by the way of double-deck cramping, or the adjacent canopy that will need to connect Film and its pressing mold net, or the adjacent canopy film connecting and its film-pressing line will be needed to couple together, press mold part hangs on support member top End or side.
By increasing connector and press mold part composition attachment structure in length and breadth between every row's support member, strong to improve overall structure Degree;Often row's support member adopts contour arrangement, or is separated by distribution using height, and support member lower end is fixing in ground, or often arranges The end of the connector between support member is connected to fixture, or two kinds of measures adopt simultaneously, and described fixture lower end is solid In ground.
In addition to using above architectural feature, window-blind can also be increased or heat holding curtain increases the practicality of booth, also may be used So that temperature in canopy is controlled using cold/hot air-conditioning system, and employ pond accumulation of heat or cold-storage, air conditioning system in the winter time daytime to Pond heats as night accumulation of heat, freezes as cold-storage on daytime to pond in summer evenings, facilitates four to realize inexpensive temperature control Ji Lianxu produces or uses.
The present invention is conducive to developing low-cost large span beam-connected greenhouse, has wider purposes, will enter one in an embodiment Step description.
Advantages of the present invention:
1. conveniently adopt multiple rows of column support member extension booth area to promote to adapt to maximize.
2. the convenient height adapting to using multiple rows of column support member be actually needed, increases rated wind velocity, reduces knot and constitutes This.
3. be conducive to scale automatization embodiment by the way of internal window-blind or heat holding curtain, with traditional glass even The shading lagging facility of booth is compared, and can simplify greenhouse structure and reduce rolled steel dosage, reduce cost of investment.
4. temperature controlled cost can be greatly lowered using pond heat storage air conditioner system, make large span air film booth Break through cost constraint, increase considerably practicality, the achievable four seasons continuously work or produce, and can achieve water circulation work.
5. connect an air film booth, such as, when being used for growing vegetables, no avenge under weak pathogenic wind time in no rain, canopy internal gas pressure can reduce Even air blast can be stopped, canopy film is subject to canopy inner support member to support sagging amplitude easily in tolerance interval, and air blast can be greatly lowered Machine operating cost.
6. compared with traditional beam-connected greenhouse, radically simplify ceiling structure, drastically reduce the area ceiling because of complex structure not The shading that causes can be avoided to lose, it is to avoid the beam-connected greenhouse beam-connected greenhouse of the north (especially) ceiling must adopt the high one-tenth of glass This structure, therefore can be greatly lowered cost of investment, substantial low-cost advantage and facilitate the extendible advantage of scale to be The important breakthrough of booth sciemtifec and technical sphere.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is that inside has the company air film booth of support member and its press mold part to connect air film booth schematic diagram;Fig. 2 be big across The main view of degree air film booth basic structure and schematic top plan view;Fig. 3 is that booth periphery adopts oblique pull reinforcement measure schematic diagram;Fig. 4 It is the insulation of booth mechanical linkage formula or window-blind principle schematic;Fig. 5 is the insulation of booth mechanical linkage formula or shading curtain structure shows It is intended to;Fig. 6 be booth bridge-type insulation or window-blind principle schematic, Fig. 7 be canopy film support member employ height be separated by distributed Booth.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment 1, beam-connected greenhouse structure
There is the beam-connected greenhouse of support member inside as shown in Figure 1, at least employs the canopy of film material at booth top Film 101 simultaneously produces the support to canopy film 101 for normal pressure (as shown by arrows) realization to air blast in canopy, in canopy by aerator 102 Employ support member 103 (many support members mode of such as steel pipe type column, generally single row or multiple rows arrangement) to support or hang Canopy film.For adapting to membrane material standard application specification, in canopy, a row or multi-row support member can be adopted, and on every row's support member Portion increased press mold part 105, and canopy film is supported by press mold part mutually by the way of polylith splicing or hangs and be connected as Overall canopy film, covers press mold net or film-pressing line above canopy film, the surrounding of press mold net or the termination of film-pressing line are connected to fixture, Ordinary circumstance fixture is fixed in ground.In figure, is amplified, by A, the press mold part 105 illustrated and is riveted back-to-back using double-piece and be Integrative-structure, adjacent canopy film 101b that press mold part will need to connect by the way of double-deck cramping, or the phase that will need to connect Adjacent canopy film 101b and its pressing mold net 101a, or the adjacent canopy film connecting and its film-pressing line will be needed to couple together, press mold part 105 hang on support member 103 upper end it is also possible on top it is also possible to diagram support member top side pass through bolt 104 Riveting, is so conducive to canopy film to install and changes, in order that booth has more preferable sealing, can will weld between canopy film edge 106 It is connected in one.So, press mold part can become the crossbeam connecting entire row support member simultaneously, and forms ceiling rhone.Obviously, when Become when canopy film is using transparent membrane material can daylighting warmhouse booth.
Company air film booth main view as shown in Figure 2 and vertical view show structural representation, by increasing between every row's support member Plus connector 107 forms attachment structure in length and breadth, to improve overall construction intensity with press mold part 105;Support member lower end may be installed Fixing formation wind-brace part in ground.
As shown in Figure 3, the end 108 of canopy periphery film-pressing tank end or the every connector between row's support member be connected to solid Determine part, or the two end is all connected to fixture, described fixture lower end is fixed in ground, and end 108 employs tiltedly Draw mode, increase wind resistance.
As shown in Figure 7, canopy film support member employs and is just separated by distribution mode, and the comparison that canopy film can be drawn is tight, existing Beneficial to wind resistance, be conducive to rainwater conflux to discharge again, typically only need to be necessary in extreme weather such as strong wind and heavy rain or talent of snowing Blower.
Embodiment 2, automatic heat preserving or window-blind
Booth automatic heat preserving as shown in Figure 4 or window-blind, employ the insulation of mechanical linkage formula or window-blind, described The insulation of mechanical linkage formula or the cord of window-blind or curtain film 203 are wound on spool 202, and cord or curtain film peripheral ends are passed through even Fitting 204 is connected with rope or chain or band 205, and rope or chain or band are supported and driven, at least by support wheel 201 and support wheel 206 One support wheel is connected with power set, and spool is connected with other power set.Driven by power set, cord or curtain film Unfold forward direction and open by rope or chain haulage, reversely returned by the rotary power winding of spool, A, B, C table respectively in accompanying drawing 4 Show three different stations, accompanying drawing 5 further indicates that the insulation of booth mechanical linkage formula or window-blind structural principle.Wherein, rope or chain Or band employs that closed loop connected mode is simple and reliable, spool one motor of 202 need adds clutch and gets final product normal work, positive work Electric motor starting clutch closure when making, during reverse operation, motor cuts out clutch and opens, if needed using open loop connected mode Two motor controls are forward and reverse.
Accompanying drawing 6 is bridge-type insulation or window-blind principle schematic, can take into account the insulation work(from ceiling to both sides in booth Energy.
Embodiment 3:
Due to booth thermal insulation poor performance, traditional heating system energy consumption cost is very high.Here propose to adopt cold/hot air-conditioning system System controls temperature in canopy, and adopts pond accumulation of heat or cold-storage, and daytime heats as night accumulation of heat to pond air conditioning system in the winter time, Freeze as cold-storage on daytime in summer evenings to pond, pond can be built in outside booth, but build in booth and be more beneficial for being incubated Energy-conservation, and be conducive to uniting two into one minimizing cost of investment with irrigation system.
The present invention is not limited to scope described in each embodiment.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of beam-connected greenhouse, belongs to booth construction and application, at least employs the canopy film of film material at booth top, It is characterized in that:Adopt a row or multi-row support member in canopy, and increased press mold part on every row's support member top, canopy film passes through pressure Membrane is supported or hangs and be connected as overall ceiling.
2. a kind of beam-connected greenhouse as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that:Increase blast apparatus and produce malleation to air blast in canopy Power.
3. a kind of beam-connected greenhouse as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that:Canopy film becomes warmhouse booth using transparent membrane material.
4. a kind of beam-connected greenhouse as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that:Press mold net or film-pressing line is covered, pressure above canopy film The termination of the surrounding of film net or film-pressing line is connected to fixture, and described fixture lower end is fixed in ground.
5. a kind of beam-connected greenhouse as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that:Press mold part will be needed even by the way of double-deck cramping The adjacent canopy film connecing, or will need connect adjacent canopy film and its pressing mold net, or by need connect adjacent canopy film and Its film-pressing line couples together, and press mold part hangs on support member top or side.
6. a kind of beam-connected greenhouse as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that:Often increased connector and press mold between row's support member Part composition attachment structure in length and breadth.
7. a kind of beam-connected greenhouse as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that:Often row's support member adopts contour arrangement, or using high Low phase is every distribution.
8. a kind of beam-connected greenhouse as claimed in claim 6, is characterized in that:Support member lower end is fixing in ground, or often arranges The end of the connector between support member is connected to fixture, or two kinds of measures adopt simultaneously, and described fixture lower end is solid In ground.
9. a kind of beam-connected greenhouse as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that:Employ the insulation of mechanical linkage formula or window-blind, institute The mechanical linkage formula insulation stated or the cord of window-blind or curtain film roll are around on spool, cord or curtain film peripheral ends and rope or chain Or band connects, unfold forward direction and open by rope or chain or band traction, reversely returned by the rotary power winding of spool.
10. a kind of beam-connected greenhouse as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that:Employ cold/hot air-conditioning system and control temperature in canopy, And employ pond accumulation of heat or cold-storage, daytime heats as night accumulation of heat air conditioning system to pond in the winter time, summer evenings to Freeze as cold-storage on daytime in pond.
CN201610682543.5A 2015-08-18 2016-08-18 A kind of beam-connected greenhouse Pending CN106472166A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510506196 2015-08-18
CN2015105061966 2015-08-18

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106472166A true CN106472166A (en) 2017-03-08

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Family Applications (4)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610682544.XA Pending CN106477224A (en) 2015-08-18 2016-08-18 A kind of loopy moving carrying apparatus
CN201620897691.4U Active CN206476387U (en) 2015-08-18 2016-08-18 A kind of loopy moving carrying apparatus
CN201620897692.9U Active CN206472579U (en) 2015-08-18 2016-08-18 A kind of beam-connected greenhouse
CN201610682543.5A Pending CN106472166A (en) 2015-08-18 2016-08-18 A kind of beam-connected greenhouse

Family Applications Before (3)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610682544.XA Pending CN106477224A (en) 2015-08-18 2016-08-18 A kind of loopy moving carrying apparatus
CN201620897691.4U Active CN206476387U (en) 2015-08-18 2016-08-18 A kind of loopy moving carrying apparatus
CN201620897692.9U Active CN206472579U (en) 2015-08-18 2016-08-18 A kind of beam-connected greenhouse

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (4) CN106477224A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107318524A (en) * 2017-07-28 2017-11-07 谢荟 A kind of intelligent greenhouse
CN111520379A (en) * 2020-05-13 2020-08-11 温州任和教育科技有限责任公司 Side edge overlapping and connecting machine of covering film and using method thereof

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109349872A (en) * 2018-11-28 2019-02-19 上海熙香艺享电子商务有限公司 A kind of multi-functional pick-up cabinet

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107318524A (en) * 2017-07-28 2017-11-07 谢荟 A kind of intelligent greenhouse
CN111520379A (en) * 2020-05-13 2020-08-11 温州任和教育科技有限责任公司 Side edge overlapping and connecting machine of covering film and using method thereof
CN111520379B (en) * 2020-05-13 2021-09-10 瑞安市宏泰包装有限公司 Side edge overlapping and connecting machine of covering film and using method thereof

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN206472579U (en) 2017-09-08
CN206476387U (en) 2017-09-08
CN106477224A (en) 2017-03-08

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