CN106395188A - Environment-friendly classification and different-cabin type automatic garbage collection system - Google Patents

Environment-friendly classification and different-cabin type automatic garbage collection system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106395188A
CN106395188A CN201611206820.1A CN201611206820A CN106395188A CN 106395188 A CN106395188 A CN 106395188A CN 201611206820 A CN201611206820 A CN 201611206820A CN 106395188 A CN106395188 A CN 106395188A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rubbish
garbage
refuse
storage
suction
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201611206820.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈明林
兰星
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
FUJIAN HAISHAN MACHINERY Co Ltd
Original Assignee
FUJIAN HAISHAN MACHINERY Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by FUJIAN HAISHAN MACHINERY Co Ltd filed Critical FUJIAN HAISHAN MACHINERY Co Ltd
Priority to CN201611206820.1A priority Critical patent/CN106395188A/en
Publication of CN106395188A publication Critical patent/CN106395188A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F1/00Refuse receptacles; Accessories therefor
    • B65F1/0033Refuse receptacles; Accessories therefor specially adapted for segregated refuse collecting, e.g. receptacles with several compartments; Combination of receptacles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F3/00Vehicles particularly adapted for collecting refuse
    • B65F3/02Vehicles particularly adapted for collecting refuse with means for discharging refuse receptacles thereinto
    • B65F3/0206Vehicles particularly adapted for collecting refuse with means for discharging refuse receptacles thereinto while the receptacles remain in place or are still attached to their supporting means
    • B65F3/0209Vehicles particularly adapted for collecting refuse with means for discharging refuse receptacles thereinto while the receptacles remain in place or are still attached to their supporting means using suction
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F3/00Vehicles particularly adapted for collecting refuse
    • B65F3/14Vehicles particularly adapted for collecting refuse with devices for charging, distributing or compressing refuse in the interior of the tank of a refuse vehicle
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F7/00Cleaning or disinfecting devices combined with refuse receptacles or refuse vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F2210/00Equipment of refuse receptacles
    • B65F2210/169Shredding means
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/10Waste collection, transportation, transfer or storage, e.g. segregated refuse collecting, electric or hybrid propulsion

Abstract

The invention relates to an environment-friendly classification and different-cabin type automatic garbage collection system. The environment-friendly classification and different-cabin type automatic garbage collection system comprises a control center, a suction type garbage collection vehicle and a garbage collection device, wherein the control center is in communication connection with the suction type garbage collection vehicle and the garbage collection device respectively; the garbage collection device comprises a garbage storage mechanism and three garbage dumping mechanisms; the three garbage dumping mechanisms are used for dumping and conveying recyclable garbage, unrecyclable garbage and other garbage to be judged respectively; three storage cabins are arranged at the upper part of the garbage storage mechanism; a transition cabin is arranged at the lower part of the garbage storage mechanism; the transition cabin is internally provided with a bag breaking mechanism; a spiral propelling mechanism is arranged at the bottom of the garbage storage mechanism; the suction type garbage collection vehicle is communicated with the spiral propelling mechanism through a suction pipeline; the suction type garbage collection vehicle is used for sucking and transferring garbage in the spiral propelling mechanism into the suction type garbage collection vehicle through forming needed negative pressure in the suction pipeline; and the suction type garbage collection vehicle is used for compressing garbage in the vehicle and exhausting and purifying garbage.

Description

Environment-friendly type classification warehouse separated type automatic garbage-collecting system
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of garbage collection, more particularly, to environment-friendly type classification warehouse separated type automatic garbage-collecting system.
Background technology
Traditional Man collect rubbish method be:A refuse receptacle is put at the escalator or corridor of every floor For resident's garbage throwing, rubbish is temporarily stored within this refuse receptacle until sanitationman comes to walk garbage collecting and transferring;At some Old town or street, also have plenty of and carry out load garbage using refuse cart or bulky refuse bucket, and it not only causes surrounding to distribute Dense stink, severe contamination ambient air, and also need to sanitationman again by refuse collection to together and transport to Rubbish focuses on center.The method that these Traditional Mans collect rubbish not only takes time and effort, and also creates the two of rubbish Secondary pollution.
For the problems referred to above, the sealed refuse that Chinese invention patent discloses Patent No. CN101712400A is received automatically Collecting system and its control method, it includes rubbish dispensing device, conveyance conduit, central collection facility, control centre and negative pressure and moves Power source device, this conveyance conduit connects rubbish dispensing device and central collection facility, and control centre controls negative pressure power source Form required negative-pressure pneumatic in conveyance conduit, described rubbish dispensing device include garbage throw-in port, storage section, drain valve and Intake valve, is connected to drain valve below described storage section;Although this system overcomes above-mentioned Traditional Man and collects lacking of rubbish presence Fall into, but there is also problems with:
First, this system easily produces catching phenomenon:It is unfavorable for that pipeline is defeated when being mingled with discarded bottle, basin, bowl, shovel, spoon etc. The large volume sent, long sized trash put into from garbage throw-in port and drop down onto when storage saves it is easy to clamping stagnation is in storage section, drain valve Or conveyance conduit etc., thus the problems such as cause storage section blocking, drain valve failure, conveyance conduit negative pressure shape to become effect difference, And then lead to the system cannot normal work.
2nd, there is hidden peril of explosion in this system:When the rubbish containing kitchen soup puts into from garbage throw-in port and drops down onto storage During section, not only easy pollution rubbish dispensing port, storage section, drain valve, and give out unpleasant foul smell(Its main component is first Alkane), and because storage section inner air flow is poor, methane content is more long-pending higher, when methane content reaches 5-15.4%, one The naked lights such as the cigarette end not extinguished are lost and violent blast will be occurred in storage section at once by denier someone.
3rd, this system does not carry out refuse classification:This system design imperfection, no garbage classification processor structure;Using Cheng Zhong, different types of to rubbish from cooking, building waste, house refuse etc. rubbish is thoroughly mixed and pours into a rubbish by people Rubbish dispensing port, does not carry out refuse classification input, and stores and also do not carry out classification storage in section so that can return in rubbish Receive using garbage be not easy to be utilized by secondary recovery, thus causing the wasting of resources.
Content of the invention
Present invention aims to the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of reasonable in design, simple operation, safety collar Protect, run unobstructed efficient, intelligence degree is high, there is the environment-friendly type classification warehouse separated type of refuse classification input, classification store function Automatic garbage-collecting system.
For achieving the above object, the present invention employs the following technical solutions:
Environment-friendly type classification warehouse separated type automatic garbage-collecting system, it includes control centre, sucking type refuse collector and rubbish and receives Acquisition means, described control centre is connected with sucking type refuse collector and refuse collector communication respectively, for control and suck Formula refuse collector and refuse collector carry out operation;Described refuse collector includes a rubbish storage mechanism and three rubbish Rubbish throwing mechanism, described three rubbish throwing mechanisms all above rubbish storage mechanism, use respectively by three rubbish throwing mechanisms In input and conveying recyclable rubbish, non-recyclable rubbish and other rubbish to be determined, described rubbish storage mechanism top It is provided with three storage silo of connection corresponding with three rubbish throwing mechanisms respectively, rubbish storage mechanism bottom is provided with transitional storehouse, mistake Cross storehouse to connect by communicating valve control with three storage silo respectively, be provided with for crushing Bulky Waste and rubbish in described transitional storehouse The broken bag mechanism of bag, described rubbish storage actuator base is provided with the propeller promoting rubbish in conveying transitional storehouse for stirring Structure, described sucking type refuse collector is connected with the discharging opening of auger mechanism by suction channel, described sucking type rubbish Rubbish suction in auger mechanism is transferred to sucking type rubbish by negative pressure needed for collecting cart passes through to be formed in suction channel Collect in-car, sucking type refuse collector is compressed to sucking type refuse collection in-car rubbish, and to sucking type refuse collection In-car rubbish aerofluxuss are purified.
Further, described suction channel is provided with for controlling garbage emission near one end of auger mechanism discharging opening Pipeline valve.
Further, described sucking type refuse collector includes automobile chassis, and described automobile chassis is provided with suction arm, negative pressure Power-equipment and the enclosed type dustbin with back door, in described refuse bin, the one end away from back door is provided with for compression dustbin Interior rubbish the compression shedding mechanism by the rubbish release back door after compression, described suction arm one end connects with inside refuse bin, The suction arm other end connects with suction channel, and the pump orifice of described negative pressure power-equipment connects by inside bleed-off passage and refuse bin Logical, it is provided with filter mechanism in bleed-off passage, the air vent of negative pressure power-equipment is communicated with ambient atmosphere by exhaust passage, aerofluxuss It is provided with deodorization mechanism and silencer mechanism in passage.
Further, described compression shedding mechanism includes push pedal and pusher oil cylinder, and rubbish is fixed in described pusher oil cylinder one end Case one end inwall, the pusher oil cylinder other end is fixedly connected with push pedal one surface, and another surface of push pedal is used for pushing in pressure refuse bin Rubbish.
Preferably, described suction arm scalable and can 360 ° rotation.
Preferably, described filter mechanism is one or more of filter screen, pleated air filtration cartridge, sponge and felt.
Preferably, described deodorization mechanism is spray deodorizer or active carbon deodorization device.
Preferably, described negative pressure power-equipment is more than one pumping blower fan or vacuum pump.
The sucking type refuse collector of the present invention adopts above technical scheme, and the design of compression shedding mechanism is so as to can Rubbish in refuse bin is compressed, to reduce the volume of rubbish, increases the useful load of refuse bin, reduce refuse collector Quantity and transhipment number of times, thus improve refuse collection and transport efficacy;Simultaneously moreover it is possible to release the rubbish after compression after refuse bin Door, thus need not separately set oil cylinder to lift and refuse bin of tumbling is to dump rubbish it is achieved that the simple discharge operation of rubbish;Negative pressure The design of power-equipment is so that refuse bin can produce powerful negative pressure with suction arm, and produces at suction arm other end suction inlet Give birth to high-speed suction stream so that rubbish passes through to aspirate in arm entrance refuse bin under the drive of high velocity air in auger mechanism, Labor intensity is little, high working efficiency, is prevented effectively from and causes secondary pollution, more environmentally-friendly;The design of filter mechanism is so as in negative pressure In power-equipment pumping process, the debris such as dust in air-flow, moisture can be filtered out, thus avoiding debris to enter negative pressure power Equipment causes pollution and the damage of negative pressure power-equipment, or causes to drain in external environment in entrance exhaust passage, Neng Gouman Toe ring guaranteed request;The design of deodorization mechanism, can remove the abnormal flavour in discharge duct air-flow, it is to avoid abnormal flavour drains into ambient atmosphere and makes Become air pollution, reached the purpose of purify air, met environmental requirement;The design of silencer mechanism, can eliminate negative pressure power Equipment operating noise, thus reduce operation periphery noise pollution.
Further, described rubbish storage mechanism includes closed bucket-shaped storage bucket, is divided by dividing plate in described storage bucket It is divided into three storage silo and a transitional storehouse, in transitional storehouse, is provided with breather and gas sensor, described breather is used for connecting Storage bucket and ambient atmosphere, described gas sensor is used for monitoring the content of flammable explosive gas in storage bucket.
Described storage silo bottom is provided with for controlling rubbish in storage silo to enter the communicating valve of transitional storehouse.
The rubbish storage mechanism of the present invention adopts above technical scheme, the design of three storage silo, is easy to refuse classification and deposits Storage;The design of transitional storehouse is so that rubbish can be broken into fritter by broken bag mechanism;The design of breather is so that sucking type rubbish Rubbish suction in auger mechanism is transferred to sucking type rubbish by negative pressure needed for collecting cart passes through to be formed in suction channel During collecting in-car, can be to carrying out inside storage bucket and suction channel supplementing air it is ensured that having one in suction channel Fixed suction wind speed is so that rubbish is at moving under suspended state, thus reducing rubbish and suction channel inwall Frictional resistance, improve pumping efficiency;The design of gas sensor, enabling inflammable and explosive gas in real-time monitoring storage bucket Body(Methane)Content, and relevant information is passed in time control centre, control centre is analyzed judging, when in storage bucket When flammable explosive gas reach default content, in time alarm signal is sent by the alarm mechanism of peripheral hardware, and using breather etc. The ventilating mechanism being provided with is divulged information in time to storage bucket, to reduce risk of explosion.
Further, described three rubbish throwing mechanisms all include throwing in passage, and described input passage is provided with several rubbish Rubbish dispensing port, is equipped with each garbage throw-in port and throws in door and for intelligence control for the rubbish closing corresponding garbage throw-in port The induction chip that door opens and closes thrown in by rubbish processed.
Preferably, described induction chip is IC induction chip or RFID induction chip.
Further, each input channel bottom described in rubbish throwing mechanism all connects with inside respective stored storehouse.
Further, it is equipped with level transducer in the described input passage described in each rubbish throwing mechanism or weight passes Sensor, level transducer is used for sensing and throws in the volume of rubbish and length in passage, and weight sensor is used for sensing and throws in passage The weight of interior rubbish.
The rubbish throwing mechanism of the present invention adopts above technical scheme, and throwing in passage can be vertically arranged in building, if Dry individual garbage throw-in port is distributed in each floor in building, throws in passage and can also be arranged on outside building, garbage throw-in port sets Put in the input passage near end being easy to garbage throwing;The design of door thrown in by rubbish, garbage throw-in port can be closed, keep away Exempt to throw in waste odours diffusion couple surrounding enviroment generation secondary pollution in passage;The design of induction chip, enabling by brush The keying of door thrown in by card control rubbish, for driving the drive mechanism that door keying thrown in by rubbish can be pneumatic or electric Dynamic, can also be manual;Level transducer or the design of weight sensor, enabling detect the body of rubbish by sensor Long-pending, length or weight, and relevant information is passed in time control centre, control centre controls and starts broken bag mechanism to rubbish Carry out break process.
Further, described broken bag mechanism includes first driver and at least one rotary shaft, the first driver with turn Moving axis is connected to drive rotary shaft to rotate, and rotary shaft is evenly equipped with several bag breaking cutters.
Further, described auger mechanism includes the helicla flute that a variable cross-section amasss, and described helicla flute top is provided with confession In transitional storehouse, rubbish enters the charging aperture in helicla flute, and described helicla flute end face is provided with the discharging opening extending storage bucket, goes out Material mouth is connected with sucking type refuse collector by suction channel, at least provided with the spiral shell of a variable-diameter variable-pitch in described helicla flute Vane piece, helical blade is rotated by the second driver drives so that rubbish stirring in helicla flute is sent discharging opening.
Preferably, the pitch of described spiral fluted cross-sectional area, the diameter of helical blade and helical blade is all from spiral shell The spin slot other end is gradually reduced to helicla flute one end.
Further, described auger mechanism bottom is provided with the pollution discharge mechanism for collecting and discharging rubbish residual liquid.
Further, described pollution discharge mechanism includes being used for collecting the hydrops of rubbish residual liquid located at auger mechanism bottom Groove, discharges the pipette of rubbish residual liquid in hydrops groove for suction in described hydrops groove, pipette is connected with suction channel.
The pollution discharge mechanism of the present invention using above technical scheme so as to can collect in rubbish storage mechanism rubbish deposition, The residual liquid that extruding produces, and discharge residual liquid outside rubbish storage mechanism in time, thus avoid residual liquid to go bad producing Raw methane causes methane content rising to lead to there is explosion safety hidden danger, and explosion-proof is good.
The present invention adopt above technical scheme, each refuse collector all as a unit, can according to cell size, Multiple units are arranged in park, public territory, are connected by suction channel between multiple units, and suction rubbish all only opens one every time Individual refuse collector to be pumped and its corresponding pipeline valve;Three rubbish throwing mechanisms and the design of three storage silo, make Obtaining this environment-friendly type classification warehouse separated type automatic garbage-collecting system can be according to recyclable rubbish, non-recyclable rubbish and to be determined Other refuse classification modes rubbish is put on by classification and is classified storage, in order in independent recovery rubbish can again by The garbage recycling, optimizes system resource configuration, improves resource utilization, reduce energy consumption and cost;Spiral pushes away The design of motivation structure is so as to in-house rubbish can carry out extrusion shearing and be delivered to discharge outlet, to take out to rubbish storage It is in-car to sucking type refuse collection that suction refuse collector aspirates rubbish by suction channel under the control of the heart in the controlling, and existing Automatic garbage-collecting system is had to compare, suction power consumption is few, and effect is good, efficiency high;The design of broken bag mechanism is so as to can be by rubbish Bulky Waste in storing mechanism and refuse bag are broken into fritter rubbish, and rubbish not only can be avoided to cause card to its flow channel Stagnant with blocking, improve the patency of system operation and normality, improve refuse collection efficiency;The setting of sucking type refuse collector Rubbish in refuse collector not only can be pumped to sucking type refuse collection in-car and carry out transfer, transfer, Er Qieke by meter It is compressed with the rubbish in-car to sucking type refuse collection, the aerofluxuss that sucking type refuse collection in-car rubbish can also be produced Purified, reduced operation noise pollution simultaneously.The present invention is reasonable in design, and intellectually and automatically degree is high, simple operation, System operation is unobstructed, and efficiently closure, explosion-proof, safety are good, have the function that refuse classification is thrown in, classification stores, can Meet energy-conserving and environment-protective requirement.
The classify work process of warehouse separated type automatic garbage-collecting system of environment-friendly type of the present invention is:
During use, people first judge that abandoned rubbish as recyclable rubbish, non-recyclable rubbish or temporarily cannot make standard Then refuse classification is put in corresponding rubbish throwing mechanism, rubbish enters respective stored by other rubbish to be determined really judging Storehouse memory storage;When in the arbitrary storage silo in three storage silo rubbish reach preset stored amount need shifted when, in control The heart controls the corresponding communicating valve of unlatching to connect this storage silo with transitional storehouse so that rubbish enters in transitional storehouse, and control centre's control is opened Open broken bag mechanism to be crushed, and control centre controls startup auger mechanism to send rubbish stirring promotion in transitional storehouse The discharging opening connecting with suction channel one end, the pump orifice of sucking type refuse collector is connected to the suction channel other end, passes through The negative pressure power-equipment of control centre's control and suck formula refuse collector formed in suction channel needed for negative pressure, it is achieved thereby that Rubbish suction in storage silo is transferred to sucking type refuse collection in-car;Sucking type refuse collector starts compression shedding mechanism pair The in-car rubbish of sucking type refuse collection is compressed, using filter mechanism and deodorization mechanism to sucking type refuse collection in-car rubbish The aerofluxuss that rubbish produces are purified, and the silencer mechanism simultaneously passing through to be provided with reduces noise pollution during operation, disclosure satisfy that section Can environmental requirement.
Brief description
In conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is further elaborated:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of environment-friendly type of the present invention classification warehouse separated type automatic garbage-collecting system;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of sucking type refuse collector of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of refuse collector of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
As shown in one of Fig. 1-3, the environment-friendly type classification warehouse separated type automatic garbage-collecting system of the present invention, during it includes controlling The heart(In figure is not shown), sucking type refuse collector 1 and refuse collector 2, described control centre respectively with sucking type rubbish Collect 1 car and refuse collector 2 communication connects, made for control and suck formula refuse collection 1 car and refuse collector 2 Industry;Described refuse collector 2 includes a rubbish storage mechanism 3 and three rubbish throwing mechanisms 4, described three rubbish dispensers Structure 4 all above rubbish storage mechanism 3, three rubbish throwing mechanisms 4 be respectively used to throw in and convey recyclable rubbish, can not Reclaim rubbish and other rubbish to be determined, described rubbish storage mechanism 3 top be provided with respectively with three rubbish throwing mechanisms 4 Three storage silo 33 of corresponding connection, rubbish storage mechanism 3 bottom is provided with transitional storehouse 35, transitional storehouse 35 respectively with three storage silo 33 control connection by communicating valve, are provided with the broken bag mechanism 7 for crushing Bulky Waste and refuse bag, institute in described transitional storehouse 35 State rubbish storage mechanism 3 bottom and be provided with the auger mechanism 5 promoting rubbish in conveying transitional storehouse 35 for stirring, described suction Formula refuse collection 1 car is connected with the discharging opening 55 of auger mechanism 5 by suction channel 8, described sucking type refuse collection 1 car Rubbish suction in auger mechanism 5 is transferred to sucking type refuse collection 1 by negative pressure needed for by being formed in suction channel 8 In-car, to sucking type refuse collection 1, in-car rubbish is compressed sucking type refuse collection 1 car, and to sucking type refuse collection 1 car Interior rubbish aerofluxuss are purified.
Described suction channel 8 is provided with the pipeline valve for controlling garbage emission near one end of auger mechanism discharging opening Door 81.
Described sucking type refuse collector 1 includes automobile chassis(In figure does not mark), described automobile chassis is provided with suction Arm 11, negative pressure power-equipment 12 and the enclosed type dustbin with back door 13, in described refuse bin 13, the one end away from back door sets There are the compression shedding mechanism 14 releasing back door for rubbish in compression dustbin 13 and by the rubbish after compression, described suction arm 11 One end is internal with refuse bin 13 to be connected, and suction arm 11 other end is connected with suction channel 8, the suction of described negative pressure power-equipment 12 Mouth connects by bleed-off passage 15 is internal with refuse bin 13, is provided with filter mechanism 16, negative pressure power-equipment 12 in bleed-off passage 15 Air vent communicated with ambient atmosphere by exhaust passage 17, be provided with deodorization mechanism 18 and silencer mechanism 19 in exhaust passage 17.
Described compression shedding mechanism 14 includes push pedal 141 and pusher oil cylinder 142, and described pusher oil cylinder 142 one end is fixed on Refuse bin 13 one end inwall, pusher oil cylinder 142 other end is fixedly connected with push pedal 141 1 surface, and another surface of push pedal 141 is used for Push rubbish in pressure refuse bin 13.
Described suction arm 11 scalable and can 360 ° rotation.
Described filter mechanism 16 is one or more of filter screen, pleated air filtration cartridge, sponge and felt.
Described deodorization mechanism 18 is spray deodorizer or active carbon deodorization device.
Described negative pressure power-equipment 12 is more than one pumping blower fan or vacuum pump.
The sucking type refuse collector 1 of the present invention adopts above technical scheme, and the design of compression shedding mechanism 14 is so as to energy Enough the rubbish in refuse bin 13 is compressed, to reduce the volume of rubbish, increases the useful load of refuse bin 13, reduce rubbish and receive The quantity of collection car and transhipment number of times, thus improve refuse collection and transport efficacy;Simultaneously moreover it is possible to the rubbish after compression is released rubbish Rubbish case 13 back door, thus need not separately set oil cylinder to lift and refuse bin 13 of tumbling is to dump rubbish it is achieved that simply the unloading of rubbish Material operation;The design of negative pressure power-equipment 12 is so that refuse bin 13 can produce powerful negative pressure with suction arm 11, and is aspirating High-speed suction stream is produced so that rubbish passes through to take out under the drive of high velocity air in auger mechanism at arm 11 other end suction inlet Inhale arm 11 to enter in refuse bin 13, labor intensity is little, high working efficiency, is prevented effectively from and causes secondary pollution, more environmentally-friendly;Filter The design of mechanism 16 so as in negative pressure power-equipment 12 pumping process, can filter out dust in air-flow, moisture etc. miscellaneous Thing, thus avoiding debris to enter pollution and the damage that negative pressure power-equipment 12 causes negative pressure power-equipment 12, or enters aerofluxuss Cause in passage 17 to drain in external environment, disclosure satisfy that environmental requirement;The design of deodorization mechanism 18, can remove discharge duct Abnormal flavour in air-flow, it is to avoid abnormal flavour drains into ambient atmosphere and causes air pollution, has reached the purpose of purify air, and meeting environmental protection will Ask;The design of silencer mechanism, can eliminate negative pressure power-equipment 12 operating noise, thus reducing operation periphery noise pollution.
Described rubbish storage mechanism 3 includes closed bucket-shaped storage bucket 31, is separated by dividing plate in described storage bucket 31 For three storage silo 33 and a transitional storehouse 35, in transitional storehouse 35, it is provided with breather 32 and gas sensor 34, described breather 32 are used for connecting storage bucket 31 and ambient atmosphere, and described gas sensor 34 is used for monitoring flammable explosive gas in storage bucket 31 Content.
Described storage silo 33 bottom is provided with for controlling rubbish in storage silo 33 to enter the communicating valve 36 of transitional storehouse 35.
The rubbish storage mechanism 3 of the present invention adopts above technical scheme, the design of three storage silo 33, is easy to refuse classification Storage;The design of transitional storehouse 35 is so that rubbish can be broken into fritter by broken bag mechanism 7;The design of breather 32 is so that aspirate Rubbish suction in auger mechanism 5 is transferred in suction negative pressure needed for transferring equipment 1 is passed through to be formed in suction channel 8 During turning in equipment 1, can be to carrying out inside storage bucket 31 supplementing air it is ensured that having certain taking out in suction channel 8 Air draught speed so that rubbish is at moving under suspended state, thus reducing the friction of rubbish and suction channel 8 inwall Resistance, improves pumping efficiency;The design of gas sensor 34, enabling flammable explosive gas in real-time monitoring storage bucket 31 (Methane)Content, and relevant information is passed in time control centre, control centre is analyzed judging, when in storage bucket 31 When flammable explosive gas reach default content, in time alarm signal is sent by the alarm mechanism of peripheral hardware, and utilize breather 32 Etc. the ventilating mechanism being provided with, storage bucket 31 is divulged information in time, to reduce risk of explosion.
Described three rubbish throwing mechanisms 4 all include throwing in passage 41, and described input passage 41 is provided with several rubbish Dispensing port 42, is equipped with each garbage throw-in port 42 and throws in door 43 for the rubbish closing corresponding garbage throw-in port 42 and be used for The induction chip 44 that door 43 opens and closes thrown in by Based Intelligent Control rubbish.
Described induction chip 44 is IC induction chip or RFID induction chip.
Each input passage 41 bottom described in rubbish throwing mechanism 4 is all internal with respective stored storehouse 33 to be connected.
It is provided with rubbish sensor 46, described rubbish sensing in described input passage 41 described in each rubbish throwing mechanism 4 Device 46 is level transducer or weight sensor, and level transducer is used for sensing and throws in the volume of rubbish and length in passage 41 Degree, weight sensor is used for the weight that rubbish in passage 41 is thrown in sensing.
The rubbish throwing mechanism 4 of the present invention adopts above technical scheme, throws in passage 41 and can be vertically arranged in building, Several garbage throw-in ports 42 are distributed in each floor in building, throw in passage 41 and can also be arranged on outside building, rubbish is thrown Put mouth 42 and be arranged on input passage 41 near end being easy to garbage throwing;The design of door 43 thrown in by rubbish, and rubbish can be thrown in Mouth 42 is closed, it is to avoid throws in waste odours diffusion couple surrounding enviroment in passage 41 and produces secondary pollution;Induction chip 44 Design, enabling the keying controlling rubbish to throw in door 43 by swiping the card, for driving rubbish to throw in the driving machine that door 43 opens and closes Structure can be pneumatic or electronic, can also be manual;The design of level transducer or weight sensor is so that energy Enough detect volume, length or the weight of rubbish by sensor, and relevant information is passed to control centre in time, in control The heart is analyzed the size of rubbish and is judged whether to need startup broken bag mechanism 7 to carry out break process to rubbish.
Described broken bag mechanism 7 includes first driver 71 and at least one rotary shaft, the first driver 71 and rotation Axle 72 is connected to drive rotary shaft 72 to rotate, and rotary shaft 72 is evenly equipped with several bag breaking cutters 73.
Described auger mechanism 5 includes the helicla flute 51 that a variable cross-section amasss, and described helicla flute 51 top is provided with and supplied Cross the charging aperture 54 that rubbish in storehouse 35 enters in helicla flute 51, described helicla flute 51 end face is provided with and extends going out of storage bucket 31 Material mouth 55, discharging opening 55 is passed through suction channel 8 and is connected with suction transferring equipment 1, straightens at least provided with one in described helicla flute 51 The helical blade 52 of footpath varying pitch, helical blade 52 drives rotation to send rubbish stirring in helicla flute 51 by the second driver 53 Go out discharging opening 55.
The pitch of the cross-sectional area, the diameter of helical blade 52 and helical blade 52 of described helicla flute 51 is all from helicla flute 51 other ends are gradually reduced to helicla flute 51 one end.
Described auger mechanism 5 bottom is provided with the pollution discharge mechanism 6 for collecting and discharging rubbish residual liquid.
Described pollution discharge mechanism 6 includes being used for collecting the hydrops groove 61 of rubbish residual liquid located at auger mechanism 5 bottom, Discharge pipette 62, pipette 62 and the suction channel of rubbish residual liquid in hydrops groove 61 for suction in described hydrops groove 61 8 connections.
The pollution discharge mechanism 6 of the present invention is sunk so as to rubbish in rubbish storage mechanism 3 can be collected using above technical scheme The residual liquid that long-pending, extruding produces, and discharge residual liquid outside rubbish storage mechanism 3 in time, thus avoiding residual liquid to become Matter produces methane and causes methane content rising to lead to there is explosion safety hidden danger, and explosion-proof is good.
The present invention adopts above technical scheme, and each refuse collector 2, can be big according to cell all as a unit Multiple units are arranged in little, park, public territory, connect by suction channel 8 between multiple units, aspirate rubbish every time and all only open Open a refuse collector 2 to be pumped and its corresponding pipeline valve 81;Three rubbish throwing mechanisms 4 and three storage silo 33 Design so that this environment-friendly type classification warehouse separated type automatic garbage-collecting system can be according to recyclable rubbish, non-recyclable rubbish And other refuse classification modes to be determined are put on by classification to rubbish and are classified storage, in order in independent recovery rubbish The garbage that can be recycled again, optimizes system resource configuration, improves resource utilization, reduce energy consumption and become This;The design of auger mechanism 5 is so as to extrusion shearing can be carried out to the rubbish in rubbish storage mechanism 3 to be delivered to discharging At mouthfuls 55, so that sucking type refuse collection 1 car aspirates rubbish to sucking type rubbish by suction channel 8 under the control of the heart in the controlling Rubbish is collected 1 in-car, and compared with the existing automatic garbage-collecting system being not provided with auger mechanism 5, suction power consumption is few, effect Good, efficiency high;The design of broken bag mechanism 7 so as to can be broken into little by the Bulky Waste in rubbish storage mechanism 3 and refuse bag Block rubbish, not only can avoid rubbish that its flow channel is caused with clamping stagnation and blocking, improve the patency of system operation and normal Property, improve refuse collection efficiency;Rubbish in refuse collector 2 not only can be taken out by the design of sucking type refuse collection 1 car It is drawn to sucking type refuse collection 1 in-car and carries out transfer, transfer, and the rubbish of sucking type refuse collection 1 in-car can be carried out The aerofluxuss of the in-car rubbish generation of sucking type refuse collection 1 can also be purified, reduce operation noise dirty simultaneously by compression Dye.
The classify work process of warehouse separated type automatic garbage-collecting system of environment-friendly type of the present invention is:
During use, people first judge that abandoned rubbish as recyclable rubbish, non-recyclable rubbish or temporarily cannot make standard Then refuse classification is put in corresponding rubbish throwing mechanism 4, rubbish enters respective stored by other rubbish to be determined really judging Storehouse 33 memory storage;When in the arbitrary storage silo 33 in three storage silo 33 rubbish reach preset stored amount need shifted when, Control centre controls the corresponding communicating valve of unlatching to connect this storage silo 33 with transitional storehouse 35 so that rubbish enters in transitional storehouse 35, control Center processed controls unlatching broken bag mechanism 7 to be crushed, and control centre controls startup auger mechanism 5 by transitional storehouse 35 Rubbish stirring is promoted and sends the discharging opening 55 being connected with suction channel 8 one end, and the pump orifice of sucking type refuse collection 1 car is connected to Suction channel 8 other end, by the negative pressure power-equipment of control centre's control and suck formula refuse collection 1 car in suction channel 8 Negative pressure needed for formation, it is achieved thereby that it is in-car that rubbish suction in storage silo 33 is transferred to sucking type refuse collection 1;Sucking type rubbish Rubbish is collected 1 car and is started compression shedding mechanism and the rubbish of sucking type refuse collection 1 in-car is compressed, using filter mechanism with remove The aerofluxuss that in-car rubbish produces to sucking type refuse collection 1 of smelly mechanism purify, and the silencer mechanism simultaneously passing through to be provided with reduces Noise pollution during operation, disclosure satisfy that energy-conserving and environment-protective requirement.
Above description should not have any restriction to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. environment-friendly type classification warehouse separated type automatic garbage-collecting system it is characterised in that:It includes control centre, sucking type rubbish is received Collection car and refuse collector, described control centre is connected with sucking type refuse collector and refuse collector communication respectively, Carry out operation for control and suck formula refuse collector and refuse collector;Described refuse collector includes a rubbish storage Mechanism and three rubbish throwing mechanisms, described three rubbish throwing mechanisms all above rubbish storage mechanism, throw by three rubbish Laying mechanism is respectively used to throw in and conveys recyclable rubbish, non-recyclable rubbish and other rubbish to be determined, described rubbish Storing mechanism top is provided with three storage silo of connection corresponding with three rubbish throwing mechanisms respectively, and rubbish storage mechanism bottom sets There is transitional storehouse, transitional storehouse is connected by communicating valve control with three storage silo respectively, be provided with described transitional storehouse for broken big The broken bag mechanism of part rubbish and refuse bag, described rubbish storage actuator base is provided with and promotes rubbish in conveying transitional storehouse for stirring Auger mechanism, described sucking type refuse collector connected with the discharging opening of auger mechanism by suction channel, institute State negative pressure needed for sucking type refuse collector passes through to be formed in suction channel to shift rubbish suction in auger mechanism In-car to sucking type refuse collection, sucking type refuse collector is compressed to sucking type refuse collection in-car rubbish, and to taking out Suction refuse collection in-car rubbish aerofluxuss are purified.
2. environment-friendly type according to claim 1 classification warehouse separated type automatic garbage-collecting system it is characterised in that:Described suction Formula refuse collector includes automobile chassis, and described automobile chassis is provided with suction arm, negative pressure power-equipment and the envelope with back door Enclosed refuse bin, the one end away from back door is provided with for rubbish in compression dustbin and by the rubbish after compression in described refuse bin Release the compression shedding mechanism at back door, described suction arm one end connects with inside refuse bin, aspirates the arm other end and suction channel Connection, the pump orifice of described negative pressure power-equipment passes through bleed-off passage and connects with inside refuse bin, is provided with filtration in bleed-off passage Mechanism, the air vent of negative pressure power-equipment is communicated with ambient atmosphere by exhaust passage, be provided with exhaust passage deodorization mechanism and Silencer mechanism.
3. environment-friendly type according to claim 2 classification warehouse separated type automatic garbage-collecting system it is characterised in that:Described compression Shedding mechanism includes push pedal and pusher oil cylinder, and refuse bin one end inwall is fixed in described pusher oil cylinder one end, and pusher oil cylinder is another End is fixedly connected with push pedal one surface, and another surface of push pedal is used for pushing rubbish in pressure refuse bin;Described suction arm scalable and Can 360 ° of rotations;Described filter mechanism is one or more of filter screen, pleated air filtration cartridge, sponge and felt;Described remove Smelly mechanism is spray deodorizer or active carbon deodorization device;Described negative pressure power-equipment be more than one pumping blower fan or Person's vacuum pump.
4. environment-friendly type according to claim 1 classification warehouse separated type automatic garbage-collecting system it is characterised in that:Described rubbish Storing mechanism includes closed bucket-shaped storage bucket, is divided into three storage silo and a transition by dividing plate in described storage bucket Storehouse, is provided with breather and gas sensor in transitional storehouse, described breather is used for connecting storage bucket and ambient atmosphere, described gas Sensor is used for monitoring the content of flammable explosive gas in storage bucket.
5. environment-friendly type according to claim 1 classification warehouse separated type automatic garbage-collecting system it is characterised in that:Described three Rubbish throwing mechanism all includes throwing in passage, and described input passage is provided with several garbage throw-in ports, each garbage throw-in port Place is equipped with throws in door and the sensing for the input door keying of Based Intelligent Control rubbish for the rubbish closing corresponding garbage throw-in port Chip.
6. environment-friendly type according to claim 5 classification warehouse separated type automatic garbage-collecting system it is characterised in that:Described input It is provided with level transducer or weight sensor, level transducer is used for sensing and throws in the volume of rubbish and length in passage in passage Degree, weight sensor is used for the weight that rubbish in passage is thrown in sensing.
7. environment-friendly type according to claim 1 classification warehouse separated type automatic garbage-collecting system it is characterised in that:Described broken bag Mechanism includes first driver and at least one rotary shaft, and the first driver and rotary shaft are connected to drive rotary shaft to turn Dynamic, rotary shaft is evenly equipped with several bag breaking cutters.
8. environment-friendly type according to claim 1 classification warehouse separated type automatic garbage-collecting system it is characterised in that:Described spiral Pushing mechanism includes the helicla flute that a variable cross-section amasss, and described helicla flute top is provided with and enters in helicla flute for rubbish in transitional storehouse Charging aperture, described helicla flute end face is provided with the discharging opening extending storage bucket, and discharging opening passes through suction channel and sucking type Refuse collector connects, and at least provided with the helical blade of a variable-diameter variable-pitch in described helicla flute, helical blade is driven by second Dynamic device drives rotation so that rubbish stirring in helicla flute is sent discharging opening.
9. environment-friendly type according to claim 1 classification warehouse separated type automatic garbage-collecting system it is characterised in that:Described spiral Pushing mechanism bottom is provided with pollution discharge mechanism, and described pollution discharge mechanism includes being used for collecting rubbish residual located at auger mechanism bottom The hydrops groove of liquid, discharges the pipette of rubbish residual liquid in hydrops groove in described hydrops groove for suction, pipette with take out Inhale pipeline communication.
10. environment-friendly type according to claim 1 classification warehouse separated type automatic garbage-collecting system it is characterised in that:Described take out Suction pipe road is provided with the pipeline valve for controlling garbage emission near one end of auger mechanism discharging opening.
CN201611206820.1A 2016-12-23 2016-12-23 Environment-friendly classification and different-cabin type automatic garbage collection system Pending CN106395188A (en)

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