CN106359138A - Biological bedding - Google Patents

Biological bedding Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106359138A
CN106359138A CN201610779015.1A CN201610779015A CN106359138A CN 106359138 A CN106359138 A CN 106359138A CN 201610779015 A CN201610779015 A CN 201610779015A CN 106359138 A CN106359138 A CN 106359138A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
biology
mixture layer
equalizing bed
strain
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610779015.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
万俊华
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangzhou Yuewang Agriculture Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Guangzhou Yuewang Agriculture Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Guangzhou Yuewang Agriculture Co Ltd filed Critical Guangzhou Yuewang Agriculture Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610779015.1A priority Critical patent/CN106359138A/en
Publication of CN106359138A publication Critical patent/CN106359138A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K1/00Housing animals; Equipment therefor
    • A01K1/015Floor coverings, e.g. bedding-down sheets ; Stable floors

Abstract

The invention discloses a biological bedding. The biological bedding comprises a padding layer and a mixture layer, wherein the padding layer is made of straws, and the mixture layer is prepared from the following components in parts by weight: 30 to 50 parts of vegetable residues, 30 to 50 parts of melon and fruit residues, 25 to 30 parts of saw dust, 20 to 25 parts of bran and 5 to 10 parts of mushroom strains. In the mode, according to the biological bedding, excreta of poultry can be decomposed in time, the environment of poultry houses is improved, environmental pollution is reduced, and the yield of the poultry is increased. Additionally, the biological bedding has the advantage of rapidity in fermentation of the strains, and harmful organisms such as pathogenic bacteria, worm eggs and the like are reduced.

Description

A kind of biology equalizing bed
Technical field
The present invention relates to ecologic breeding field, more particularly to a kind of biology equalizing bed.
Background technology
At present, during poultry farming, cleaning pouity dwelling place is requisite work, needs substantial amounts of manpower to clear up, if clearly Reason not in time, has the generation of a large amount of noxious bacteria, leads to poultry growing environment severe, is unfavorable for the growth of poultry, and clears up The excrement dirt going out also pollutes the environment.As: when raising pigs, generally raise in pig house so that excrement dirt is piled up in pig house, during cleaning, by excrement Dirt shovels out, then is rinsed with water, and this mode is not only wasted water, and also can cause environmental pollution.
Deep-litter systems can accomplish excrement dirt zero-emission, improve breeding environment, reduce the disease incidence of poultry, have ring The features such as guarantor, ecology, saving of labor.How to utilize deep-litter systems to improve the economic benefit of poultry farming, have great importance.
Content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to solving at least one problem above-mentioned, provide a kind of biology equalizing bed.
For solving above-mentioned technical problem, one aspect of the present invention is: provides a kind of biology equalizing bed, including pad The bed of material and mixture layer, padding layer is Caulis et Folium Oryzae, and mixture layer includes vegetable residue, melon and fruit residue, sawdust, wheat bran, mushrooms strain, Wherein, the weight portion of each component of mixture layer is vegetable residue 30-50 part, melon and fruit residue 30-50 part, sawdust 25-30 part, wheat bran 20-25 part, mushrooms strain 5-10 part.
Wherein, the thickness of padding layer is 25-40cm.
Wherein, the thickness of mixture layer is 30-50cm.
Wherein, the weight portion of each component of mixture layer is 40 parts of vegetable residue, 40 parts of melon and fruit residue, 28 parts of sawdust, wheat bran 23 parts, 7 parts of mushrooms strain.
Wherein, the weight portion of each component of mixture layer also can for 45 parts of vegetable residue, 45 parts of melon and fruit residue, 29 parts of sawdust, 24 parts of wheat bran, 9 parts of mushrooms strain.
Wherein, mixture layer is above padding layer.
Wherein, humidity during biological equalizing bed fermentation is 40%-50%.
Wherein, mushrooms strain is Lentinus Edodess, Volvariella volvacea (Bull.Ex Franch.) Singer. or edible fungus.
Wherein, the thickness of padding layer is 35cm.
Wherein, the thickness of mixture layer is 40cm.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: be different from the situation of prior art, the biological equalizing bed of the present invention include padding layer and Mixture layer, padding layer is Caulis et Folium Oryzae, and mixture layer includes vegetable residue, melon and fruit residue, sawdust, wheat bran, mushrooms strain, wherein, The weight portion of each component of mixture layer is vegetable residue 30-50 part, melon and fruit residue 30-50 part, sawdust 25-30 part, wheat bran 20-25 Part, mushrooms strain 5-10 part.By the way, the biological equalizing bed of the present invention can decompose the Excreta of poultry in time, improves fowl House environment, reduces environmental pollution, improves poultry productivity.And the biological equalizing bed strain fermentation of the present invention is fast, pathogen, worm's ovum etc. have Evil organism reduces.
Specific embodiment
Below by embodiment, the present invention is described in detail.
Embodiment 1
Biological equalizing bed includes padding layer and mixture layer, and padding layer is Caulis et Folium Oryzae, and it is residual that mixture layer includes vegetable residue, melon and fruit Slag, sawdust, wheat bran, mushrooms strain.Wherein, the weight portion of each component of mixture layer is vegetable residue 30-50 part, melon and fruit residue 30-50 part, sawdust 25-30 part, wheat bran 20-25 part, mushrooms strain 5-10 part.
In the present embodiment, the weight portion of each component of mixture layer is 40 parts of vegetable residue, 40 parts of melon and fruit residue, sawdust 28 Part, 23 parts of wheat bran, 7 parts of mushrooms strain.
In the present embodiment, the thickness of padding layer is 25-40cm, and the thickness of mixture layer is 30-50cm.The thickness of padding layer Spend preferred 35cm, the preferred 40cm of thickness of mixture layer.Wherein, mixture layer is above padding layer.
In the present embodiment, mushrooms strain is Lentinus Edodess, Volvariella volvacea (Bull.Ex Franch.) Singer. or edible fungus.Wherein, mushrooms strain can be also other mushrooms Class strain or the mixture of multiple mushrooms strain.
In the present embodiment, the preparation process of biological equalizing bed is as follows: Caulis et Folium Oryzae is laid in the bottom of biological equalizing bed, laying 35cm;In proportion each component of mixture layer is mixed, during mixing, add water to adjust moisture, mixture is held into Roll into a ball, do not drip;The material mixing is laid on Caulis et Folium Oryzae, laying depth is 40cm, is fermented;After fermentation success, Enter swine rearing.Wherein, humidity during fermentation is 40%-50%.
The effect of the present embodiment biology equalizing bed taking raise pig as a example, is described.
The nearly 20kg of selective body reclosing, the pig 60 that health is anosis, are randomly divided into matched group and test group, every group 30, right Raise on cement flooring according to group, test group is raised on the present embodiment biology equalizing bed, 100 days experimental periods.
The feature of test group pig is: average initial weight (kg), 18.2;Averagely end weight (kg), 95.6;Average feed intake (kg), 1.93;Average daily gain (g), 760;Feedstuff-meat ratio, 2.50.
The feature of matched group pig is: average initial weight (kg), 17.8;Averagely end weight (kg), 91.2;Average feed intake (kg), 1.89;Average daily gain (g), 720;Feedstuff-meat ratio, 2.61.
Above-mentioned test can be seen that the present embodiment biology equalizing bed, and that is, fermentation bed to raise pig is remarkably improved the yield of pig.
Embodiment 2
Biological equalizing bed includes padding layer and mixture layer, and padding layer is Caulis et Folium Oryzae, and it is residual that mixture layer includes vegetable residue, melon and fruit Slag, sawdust, wheat bran, mushrooms strain.Wherein, the weight portion of each component of mixture layer be 45 parts of vegetable residue, 45 parts of melon and fruit residue, 29 parts of sawdust, 24 parts of wheat bran, 9 parts of mushrooms strain.
In the present embodiment, the thickness of padding layer is 25-40cm, and the thickness of mixture layer is 30-50cm.The thickness of padding layer Spend preferred 35cm, the preferred 40cm of thickness of mixture layer.Wherein, mixture layer is above padding layer.
In the present embodiment, mushrooms strain is Lentinus Edodess, Volvariella volvacea (Bull.Ex Franch.) Singer. or edible fungus.Wherein, mushrooms strain can be also other mushrooms Class strain or the mixture of multiple mushrooms strain.
In the present embodiment, the preparation process of biological equalizing bed is as follows: Caulis et Folium Oryzae is laid in the bottom of biological equalizing bed, laying 35cm;In proportion each component of mixture layer is mixed, during mixing, add water to adjust moisture, mixture is held into Roll into a ball, do not drip;The material mixing is laid on Caulis et Folium Oryzae, laying depth is 40cm, is fermented;After fermentation success, Enter swine rearing.Wherein, humidity during fermentation is 40%-50%.
The effect of the present embodiment biology equalizing bed taking raise pig as a example, is described.
The nearly 20kg of selective body reclosing, the pig 60 that health is anosis, are randomly divided into matched group and test group, every group 30, right Raise on cement flooring according to group, test group is raised on the present embodiment biology equalizing bed, 100 days experimental periods.
The feature of test group pig is: average initial weight (kg), 18.2;Averagely end weight (kg), 97.7;Average feed intake (kg), 1.98;Average daily gain (g), 765;Feedstuff-meat ratio, 2.49.
The feature of matched group pig is: average initial weight (kg), 17.8;Averagely end weight (kg), 91.2;Average feed intake (kg), 1.89;Average daily gain (g), 720;Feedstuff-meat ratio, 2.61.
Above-mentioned test can be seen that the present embodiment biology equalizing bed, and that is, fermentation bed to raise pig is remarkably improved the yield of pig.
In sum, the biological equalizing bed of the present invention can decompose the Excreta of poultry in time, improves pouity dwelling place environment, reduces environment Pollution, improves poultry productivity.And the biological equalizing bed strain fermentation of the present invention is fast, the harmful organisms such as pathogen, worm's ovum reduce.
The foregoing is only embodiments of the invention, not thereby limit the present invention the scope of the claims, every using this Equivalent structure or equivalent flow conversion that bright description is made, or directly or indirectly it is used in other related technology necks Domain, is included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. it is characterised in that including padding layer and mixture layer, described padding layer is Caulis et Folium Oryzae to a kind of biology equalizing bed, described mixing Nitride layer includes vegetable residue, melon and fruit residue, sawdust, wheat bran, mushrooms strain, and wherein, the weight portion of each component of mixture layer is vegetable Dish residue 30-50 part, melon and fruit residue 30-50 part, sawdust 25-30 part, wheat bran 20-25 part, mushrooms strain 5-10 part.
2. biology equalizing bed according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that the thickness of described padding layer is 25-40cm.
3. biology equalizing bed according to claim 2 is it is characterised in that the thickness of described mixture layer is 30-50cm.
4. biology equalizing bed according to claim 3 is it is characterised in that the weight portion of each component of mixture layer is vegetable residue 40 parts, 40 parts of melon and fruit residue, 28 parts of sawdust, 23 parts of wheat bran, 7 parts of mushrooms strain.
5. biology equalizing bed according to claim 3 is it is characterised in that the weight portion of each component of mixture layer is vegetable residue 45 parts, 45 parts of melon and fruit residue, 29 parts of sawdust, 24 parts of wheat bran, 9 parts of mushrooms strain.
6. the biological equalizing bed according to claim 4 or 5 any one is it is characterised in that described mixture layer is in described pad The top of the bed of material.
7. biology equalizing bed according to claim 6 is it is characterised in that humidity when described biology equalizing bed ferments is 40%- 50%.
8. biology equalizing bed according to claim 7 is it is characterised in that described mushrooms strain is Lentinus Edodess, Volvariella volvacea (Bull.Ex Franch.) Singer. or Auricularia fungus Kind.
9. biology equalizing bed according to claim 8 is it is characterised in that the thickness of described padding layer is 35cm.
10. biology equalizing bed according to claim 9 is it is characterised in that the thickness of described mixture layer is 40cm.
CN201610779015.1A 2016-08-31 2016-08-31 Biological bedding Pending CN106359138A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610779015.1A CN106359138A (en) 2016-08-31 2016-08-31 Biological bedding

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610779015.1A CN106359138A (en) 2016-08-31 2016-08-31 Biological bedding

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106359138A true CN106359138A (en) 2017-02-01

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2006075172A (en) * 2005-10-24 2006-03-23 Daiki:Kk Method for pulverizing wood flour
CN102224804A (en) * 2011-06-01 2011-10-26 丹阳市康乐农牧有限公司 Novel microbial fermentation bed mattress material and preparation method thereof
CN102783455A (en) * 2012-08-17 2012-11-21 沭阳县银丰农业开发有限公司 Ecological pig farming method using microbial padding
CN102884985A (en) * 2012-10-13 2013-01-23 安徽省向阳牧业有限责任公司 Environment-friendly economical pig fermenting bed
CN102948372A (en) * 2011-08-29 2013-03-06 唐人神集团股份有限公司 Biological padding suitable for pig raising fermentation bed in south China
CN104335911A (en) * 2014-10-10 2015-02-11 安徽万利生态园林景观有限公司 Novel energy-saving pollution-free pig house pad materials and preparation method of pig house pad bed
CN105367222A (en) * 2015-11-10 2016-03-02 桃江县新星生物科技有限公司 Biological organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2006075172A (en) * 2005-10-24 2006-03-23 Daiki:Kk Method for pulverizing wood flour
CN102224804A (en) * 2011-06-01 2011-10-26 丹阳市康乐农牧有限公司 Novel microbial fermentation bed mattress material and preparation method thereof
CN102948372A (en) * 2011-08-29 2013-03-06 唐人神集团股份有限公司 Biological padding suitable for pig raising fermentation bed in south China
CN102783455A (en) * 2012-08-17 2012-11-21 沭阳县银丰农业开发有限公司 Ecological pig farming method using microbial padding
CN102884985A (en) * 2012-10-13 2013-01-23 安徽省向阳牧业有限责任公司 Environment-friendly economical pig fermenting bed
CN104335911A (en) * 2014-10-10 2015-02-11 安徽万利生态园林景观有限公司 Novel energy-saving pollution-free pig house pad materials and preparation method of pig house pad bed
CN105367222A (en) * 2015-11-10 2016-03-02 桃江县新星生物科技有限公司 Biological organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
柳卫国: "《沼气生产实用技术》", 31 January 2014, 安徽大学出版社 *

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Application publication date: 20170201

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