CN106348027A - Feeding mechanism of automatic lower stacker crane - Google Patents

Feeding mechanism of automatic lower stacker crane Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106348027A
CN106348027A CN201610792956.9A CN201610792956A CN106348027A CN 106348027 A CN106348027 A CN 106348027A CN 201610792956 A CN201610792956 A CN 201610792956A CN 106348027 A CN106348027 A CN 106348027A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
described
feeding
cradle
rack
feeding mechanism
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610792956.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106348027B (en
Inventor
杨海波
杨海斌
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宁波诺亚智能设备有限公司
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Priority to CN201610792956.9A priority Critical patent/CN106348027B/en
Publication of CN106348027A publication Critical patent/CN106348027A/en
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Publication of CN106348027B publication Critical patent/CN106348027B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G57/00Stacking of articles
    • B65G57/02Stacking of articles by adding to the top of the stack
    • B65G57/16Stacking of articles of particular shape
    • B65G57/20Stacking of articles of particular shape three-dimensional, e.g. cubiform, cylindrical

Abstract

The invention provides a feeding mechanism of an automatic lower stacker crane, and belongs to the technical field of automatic processing. The feeding mechanism of automatic lower stacker crane solves the technological problem that current brick stacker cranes have low effciency. The feeding mechanism of automatic lower stacker crane comprises a feeding frame, an inward feeding component, an outward feeding frame, and a feed pushing component. The feeding frame is arranged in an axial direction, and is provided with an inward feeding end and an outward feeding end; the inward feeding component is arranged on a feeding end and can move in an axial direction corresponding to an inward feeding frame; the outward feeding frame is arranged on the outward feeding end; the feed pushing component is arranged on the outward feeding frame and can move in an axial direction along the outward feeding frame. The feeding component can transport a layer board loaded with bricks to the feeding frame, and the layer board can move on the feeding frame, when the layer board moves to the outward feeding end, the feed pushing component pushes the bricks on the layer board and finally move the bricks off the feeding frame. The whole process is like the followings: the bricks are loaded on the layer board and transported to the feeding frame through the feeding component, and was pushed off the feeding frame through the feed pushing component, and finally the bricks enter the stacker crane where the bricks are stacked into a buttress. No labor needs to participate in the whole process, therefore the labor intensity of workers is lesser.

Description

The feeding mechanism of automatization's low level stacking machine

Technical field

The invention belongs to automatization's processing technique field, it is related to a kind of feeding mechanism of automatization low level stacking machine.

Background technology

Fragment of brick production field is developed so far and has been achieved with mechanization and automatization, by automated mechanical equipment, realizes The continuing of fragment of brick is uninterruptedly processed, and substantially increases production efficiency, and it is artificial that it instead of a part, reduces work strong simultaneously Degree.

Generally be equipped with supporting plate in existing fragment of brick process equipment, fragment of brick molding on supporting plate, the fragment of brick after molding together with Supporting plate is sent to the maintenance of maintenance place together, entrucking could dispatch from the factory, and before entrucking, need fragment of brick code after reaching curing requirements Buttress, in conventional processes, fragment of brick, in piling, typically passes through manually the fragment of brick on each supporting plate to be carried on vehicle successively to carry out Piling, and this Palletizing pattern causes following technical problem, 1, workman need to repeat in handling process to bend over, straighten one's back, take brick, Put multiple action such as brick so that the labor intensity of workman is larger, in this case, the labour cost of workman is also higher;2nd, lead to Cross manually by each piece of fragment of brick entrucking, its speed is slower, the fragment of brick of single carrying is less, leads to the time of fragment of brick entrucking more long, Entrucking is less efficient.

In sum, in order to solve the technical problem that above-mentioned conventional processes exist, need to design a kind of fragment of brick piling efficiency The feeding mechanism of automatization's low level stacking machine that is high and reducing labor intensity.

Content of the invention

The purpose of the present invention is the problems referred to above existing for prior art it is proposed that a kind of fragment of brick piling efficiency high and fall The feeding mechanism of automatization's low level stacking machine of low labor intensity.

The purpose of the present invention can be realized by following technical proposal: the feeding mechanism of automatization's low level stacking machine, including

Cradle, it is axially arranged, and described cradle has feed end and discharge end;

Feeding assembly, it is arranged at feeding end and can relatively feeding rack move axially;

Discharge rack, it is arranged at discharge end;

Pushing material component, it is arranged at discharge rack and can move axially on discharge rack;

The supporting plate that described feeding assembly can will be equipped with fragment of brick delivers to cradle and supporting plate can move on cradle, works as supporting plate Mobile to discharge end when, described pushing material component can promote fragment of brick on supporting plate and make fragment of brick remove cradle.

In the feeding mechanism of above-mentioned automatization low level stacking machine, described feeding assembly includes

Movable stand, it can cradle axial movement relatively;

Feeding rack, it is arranged in movable stand and can move relative movement frame in the vertical direction;

Described feeding rack holds up and supporting plate when above feeding rack is with movable stand movement to cradle, described feeding rack energy Supporting plate is positioned on cradle.

In the feeding mechanism of above-mentioned automatization low level stacking machine, the front and back end both sides of described feeding rack are respectively arranged with leads Wheel, the both sides of described movable stand are vertically provided with guide rail respectively, and described guide wheel moves with guide rail contact and on guide rail.

In the feeding mechanism of above-mentioned automatization low level stacking machine, the two bottom sides of described movable stand are respectively arranged with movement Wheel, two movable pulleys pass through driving shaft and are connected and energy synchronous axial system, have been respectively fixedly connected with the first lifting sprocket wheel at the two ends of driving shaft, The top both sides of movable stand are provided with the second lifting sprocket wheel, and two second lifting sprocket wheels pass through driven shaft and are connected and energy synchronous axial system, First lifting sprocket wheel is connected by lifting chain with the second lifting sprocket wheel, and described driven shaft is connected with charging top of the trellis, works as movable pulley During axial movement, described feeding rack can be vertically movable in movable stand.

In the feeding mechanism of above-mentioned automatization low level stacking machine, described pushing material component includes

Mobile base, it is arranged on discharge rack and can move on discharge rack;

Push pedal, its Horizontal vertical erects to be put and is connected with Mobile base, and described push pedal can be vertically movable on Mobile base;

When supporting plate movement is to discharge end, to supporting plate rear and fragment of brick is released cradle by push pedal for described Mobile base movement.

In the feeding mechanism of above-mentioned automatization low level stacking machine, the front end of described Mobile base is erect and is provided with cylinder, institute State cylinder to be connected with Mobile base by a fixed plate, the piston rod of described cylinder extends downwardly from and push pedal is connected with piston rod.

In the feeding mechanism of above-mentioned automatization low level stacking machine, the front end both sides of described Mobile base are respectively arranged with leads Set, the both sides of described push pedal are respectively arranged with guide rod, and described guide rod is located in guide pin bushing and can move relative to guide pin bushing.

In the feeding mechanism of above-mentioned automatization low level stacking machine, the front and back end on described discharge rack is horizontally arranged with respectively Drive shaft, described drive shaft is passed through fixed seat and is connected with discharge rack, is respectively arranged with drive sprocket at the two ends of every drive shaft, The drive sprocket of two drive shaft homonymies passes through drive chain and is connected, and described drive chain is connected with Mobile base, and described Mobile base can be with Drive chain synchronizing moving.

In the feeding mechanism of above-mentioned automatization low level stacking machine, the two bottom sides of described Mobile base are respectively arranged with guiding Wheel, is respectively arranged with gathering sill in the both sides of discharge rack, and described directive wheel is located in gathering sill and rolls in gathering sill

In the feeding mechanism of above-mentioned automatization low level stacking machine, the both sides of described cradle are respectively arranged with one group of transmission Sprocket wheel, passes through driving-chain and is connected, described supporting plate is located on driving-chain and can move with driving-chain between described transmission sprocket wheel.

Compared with prior art, the invention has the benefit that

1st, this feeding mechanism is operationally matched with stacking machine, and fragment of brick delivers to cradle with supporting plate by feeding assembly On, and released by cradle by pushing material component, and then carry out piling on entrance stacking machine, so that stacked becomes Buttress, whole process need not manually participate in, and the labor intensity of workman is less, low cost.

2nd, fragment of brick is delivered to piling on stacking machine one by one by this feeding mechanism, its speed, the brick of single transhipment Block is more, shortens the time of fragment of brick piling, and fragment of brick piling efficiency is higher.

Brief description

Fig. 1 is the axonometric chart of a preferred embodiment of the present invention.

In figure, 100, cradle;110th, transmit sprocket wheel;

200th, movable stand;210th, feeding rack;211st, hold in the palm bar;212nd, guide wheel;220th, guide rail;230th, movable pulley;231st, actively Axle;232nd, the first lifting sprocket wheel;

300th, discharge rack;310th, drive shaft;311st, drive sprocket;320th, fixed seat;330th, gathering sill;

400th, Mobile base;410th, push pedal;411st, guide rod;420th, cylinder;421st, fixed plate;430th, guide pin bushing;440th, directive wheel.

Specific embodiment

The following is the specific embodiment of the present invention and combine accompanying drawing, technical scheme is further described, But the present invention is not limited to these embodiments.

As shown in figure 1, the feeding mechanism of automatization of the present invention low level stacking machine, including cradle 100, feeding assembly, go out Bin 300 and pushing material component.

Cradle 100 is frame structure, and it is axially arranged and has a feed end and a discharge end.

Feeding assembly includes movable stand 200 and feeding rack 210, and this movable stand 200 is frame structure, and movable stand 200 can phase Cradle 100 axial movement simultaneously can be moved to the top of cradle 100, feeding rack 210 is similarly frame structure, and it is arranged at Movable stand 200 is internal and can move relative movement frame 200 in the vertical direction, is respectively provided with the two bottom sides of feeding rack 210 There is support bar 211.

Discharge rack 300 is also frame structure, and it is axially set in discharge end and is erected above cradle 100.

Pushing material component includes Mobile base 400 and push pedal 410, and Mobile base 400 is arranged on discharge rack 300 and can be in discharge rack Move axially on 300, push pedal 410 Horizontal vertical erects to be put and be connected with Mobile base 400, and described push pedal 410 can be on Mobile base 400 Vertically movable.

During work, delivered to by the supporting plate that fork truck or alternate manner will be equipped with fragment of brick and hold on feeding rack 210, movable stand To above the feed end of cradle 100 and feeding rack 210 places supporting plate on cradle 100 for 200 movements, and supporting plate is in cradle Move on 100 to discharge end, Mobile base 400 moves to supporting plate rear, and push pedal 410 moves down, with Mobile base 400 to reach Dynamic, the fragment of brick on supporting plate is released cradle 100 by push pedal 410.

On the basis of said structure, the present invention has made to it to improve further.

As shown in figure 1, being respectively arranged with guide wheel 212 in the front and back end both sides of feeding rack 210, the two of described movable stand 200 Side is vertically provided with guide rail 220 respectively, and it is preferred that being provided with guide groove around its outer surface depressions on this guide wheel 212, (in figure is not shown Go out), the cross sectional shape of this guide rail 220 is taper, and guide rail 220 embeds in the guide groove of guide wheel 212 and guide wheel 212 is on guide rail 220 Mobile, using this structure it is achieved that feeding rack 210 moves up and down in movable stand 200, guide rail 220 embeds in guide wheel 212, So that whole feeding rack 210 is more steady when moving in movable stand 200.

As shown in figure 1, the two bottom sides of described movable stand 200 are respectively arranged with movable pulley 230, two movable pulleys 230 pass through Driving shaft 231 is connected and energy synchronous axial system, has been respectively fixedly connected with the first lifting sprocket wheel 232 at the two ends of driving shaft 231, in movable stand 200 top both sides are provided with the second lifting sprocket wheel (not shown), and two second lifting sprocket wheels pass through driven shaft, and (in figure is not shown Go out) it is connected and energy synchronous axial system, the first lifting sprocket wheel 232 is connected by lifting chain (not shown) with the second lifting sprocket wheel, Driven shaft is connected with feeding rack 210 top, and when movable pulley 230 moves axially, described feeding rack 210 can be in movable stand 200 Vertically movable, using this structure so that the mobile synchronization of the lifting of feeding rack 210 and movable stand 200, and need not pass through again Other drive mechanisms are installed to drive feeding rack 210 to move up and down, thus saving cost.

As shown in figure 1, erect in the front end of Mobile base 400 being provided with cylinder 420, cylinder 420 pass through a fixed plate 421 with Mobile base 400 is connected, and the piston rod of cylinder 420 extends downwardly from and push pedal 410 is connected with piston rod, and cylinder 420 can promote push pedal 410 in the vertical directions move, and drive push pedal 410 to move up and down by cylinder 420, convenient, fast, cost is relatively low, certainly, pushes away The movement of plate 410 also can be realized by another way, for example, by worm drive, or gear drive, therefore, push pedal 410 Movement be not limited to aforesaid way.

As shown in figure 1, the front end both sides of described Mobile base 400 are respectively arranged with guide pin bushing 430, the both sides of described push pedal 410 Be respectively arranged with guide rod 411, described guide rod 411 is located in guide pin bushing 430 and can move relative to guide pin bushing 430, using guide pin bushing 430 with lead The structure that bar 411 matches is so that the balance when moving up and down for the push pedal 410 more preferably, improves the stable journey of push pedal 410 Degree, thus when ensureing that push pedal 410 promotes fragment of brick, all fragment of brick energy synchronizing movings on supporting plate.

As shown in figure 1, the front and back end on described discharge rack 300 is horizontally arranged with drive shaft 310, described drive shaft respectively 310 pass through fixed seat 320 is connected with discharge rack 300, is respectively arranged with drive sprocket 311 at the two ends of every drive shaft 310, and two The drive sprocket 311 of root drive shaft 310 homonymy passes through drive chain and is connected, and drive chain is connected with Mobile base 400, Mobile base 400 energy With drive chain synchronizing moving it is preferred that the two bottom sides in Mobile base 400 are respectively arranged with directive wheel 440, in discharge rack 300 Both sides be respectively arranged with gathering sill 330, described directive wheel 440 is located in gathering sill 330 and rolling gathering sill 330 in, adopts With chaindriven form it is achieved that Mobile base 400 moves on discharge rack 300, and chain drive structure, its power is larger, effectively Ensure that push pedal 410 can promote fragment of brick.

As shown in figure 1, the both sides of cradle 100 are respectively arranged with one group of transmission sprocket wheel 110, between described transmission sprocket wheel 110 It is connected by driving-chain, described supporting plate is located on driving-chain and can move with driving-chain, likewise, by chaindriven structure, Supporting plate is moved on cradle 100 with fragment of brick.

The operation principle of the present invention is as follows:

Delivered to by the supporting plate that fork truck or alternate manner will be equipped with fragment of brick and hold on feeding rack 210, movable stand 200 is mobile To above the feed end of cradle 100 and feeding rack 210 by supporting plate place cradle 100 on, supporting plate moves on cradle 100 To discharge end, Mobile base 400 moves to supporting plate rear, and push pedal 410 moves down, and moves forward with Mobile base 400, push pedal Fragment of brick on supporting plate is released cradle 100 by 410.

Specific embodiment described herein is only explanation for example to present invention spirit.The affiliated technology of the present invention is led The technical staff in domain can be made various modifications or supplement or replaced using similar mode to described specific embodiment Generation, but the spirit without departing from the present invention or surmount scope defined in appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. the feeding mechanism of automatization's low level stacking machine, including
Cradle, it is axially arranged, and described cradle has feed end and discharge end;
Feeding assembly, it is arranged at feeding end and can relatively feeding rack move axially;
Discharge rack, it is arranged at discharge end;
Pushing material component, it is arranged at discharge rack and can move axially on discharge rack;
The supporting plate that described feeding assembly can will be equipped with fragment of brick delivers to cradle and supporting plate can move on cradle, when supporting plate moves During to discharge end, described pushing material component can promote fragment of brick on supporting plate and make fragment of brick remove cradle.
2. automatization according to claim 1 low level stacking machine feeding mechanism it is characterised in that: described feeding assembly bag Include
Movable stand, it can cradle axial movement relatively;
Feeding rack, it is arranged in movable stand and can move relative movement frame in the vertical direction;
Described feeding rack holds up and supporting plate when above feeding rack is with movable stand movement to cradle, and described feeding rack can will hold in the palm Plate is positioned on cradle.
3. automatization according to claim 2 low level stacking machine feeding mechanism it is characterised in that: before described feeding rack Rear end both sides are respectively arranged with guide wheel, and the both sides of described movable stand are vertically provided with guide rail respectively, described guide wheel and guide rail contact And move on guide rail.
4. automatization according to claim 2 low level stacking machine feeding mechanism it is characterised in that: the bottom of described movable stand Portion both sides are respectively arranged with movable pulley, and two movable pulleys pass through driving shaft and are connected and energy synchronous axial system, at the two ends of driving shaft respectively Be fixed with the first lifting sprocket wheel, the top both sides of movable stand be provided with the second lifting sprocket wheel, two second lifting sprocket wheels pass through from Moving axis be connected and can synchronous axial system, first lifting sprocket wheel with second lifting sprocket wheel pass through lifting chain is connected, described driven shaft with enter Bin top is connected, and when movable pulley moves axially, described feeding rack can be vertically movable in movable stand.
5. automatization according to claim 1 low level stacking machine feeding mechanism it is characterised in that: described pushing material component bag Include
Mobile base, it is arranged on discharge rack and can move on discharge rack;
Push pedal, its Horizontal vertical erects to be put and is connected with Mobile base, and described push pedal can be vertically movable on Mobile base;
When supporting plate movement is to discharge end, to supporting plate rear and fragment of brick is released cradle by push pedal for described Mobile base movement.
6. automatization according to claim 5 low level stacking machine feeding mechanism it is characterised in that: before described Mobile base End setting is provided with cylinder, and described cylinder passes through a fixed plate and Mobile base and is connected, the piston rod of described cylinder extend downwardly from and Push pedal is connected with piston rod.
7. automatization according to claim 5 low level stacking machine feeding mechanism it is characterised in that: before described Mobile base End both sides are respectively arranged with guide pin bushing, and the both sides of described push pedal are respectively arranged with guide rod, and described guide rod is located in guide pin bushing and can be relatively Guide pin bushing moves.
8. automatization according to claim 5 low level stacking machine feeding mechanism it is characterised in that: on described discharge rack Front and back end is horizontally arranged with drive shaft respectively, and described drive shaft is passed through fixed seat and is connected with discharge rack, the two of every drive shaft End is respectively arranged with drive sprocket, and the drive sprocket of two drive shaft homonymies passes through drive chain and is connected, described drive chain and movement Seat is connected, and described Mobile base can be with drive chain synchronizing moving.
9. automatization according to claim 5 low level stacking machine feeding mechanism it is characterised in that: the bottom of described Mobile base Portion both sides are respectively arranged with directive wheel, are respectively arranged with gathering sill in the both sides of discharge rack, and described directive wheel is located in gathering sill And roll in gathering sill.
10. automatization according to claim 1 low level stacking machine feeding mechanism it is characterised in that: described cradle Both sides are respectively arranged with one group of transmission sprocket wheel, pass through driving-chain and are connected, described supporting plate is located on driving-chain between described transmission sprocket wheel And can move with driving-chain.
CN201610792956.9A 2016-08-31 2016-08-31 Automate the feeding mechanism of low level stacking machine CN106348027B (en)

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CN201610792956.9A CN106348027B (en) 2016-08-31 2016-08-31 Automate the feeding mechanism of low level stacking machine

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610792956.9A CN106348027B (en) 2016-08-31 2016-08-31 Automate the feeding mechanism of low level stacking machine

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CN106348027A true CN106348027A (en) 2017-01-25
CN106348027B CN106348027B (en) 2018-12-04

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101168415A (en) * 2007-11-24 2008-04-30 国营汉光机械厂 Piling machine
CN203529402U (en) * 2013-11-08 2014-04-09 洛阳中冶重工机械有限公司 Unloading brick palletizer unit of sintered brick
CN203903491U (en) * 2014-04-30 2014-10-29 北京紫东科技有限公司 Vehicle-mounted automatic framing device
CN204354237U (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-05-27 石家庄灿高高频机械有限公司 Automatic stacking high frequency planar goes straight up to plate joggling apparatus
KR20150061777A (en) * 2013-11-28 2015-06-05 서재철 Automatical loading system for bundle of boxes
CN105501992A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-04-20 宁波诺亚智能设备有限公司 Automatic low stacking machine

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101168415A (en) * 2007-11-24 2008-04-30 国营汉光机械厂 Piling machine
CN203529402U (en) * 2013-11-08 2014-04-09 洛阳中冶重工机械有限公司 Unloading brick palletizer unit of sintered brick
KR20150061777A (en) * 2013-11-28 2015-06-05 서재철 Automatical loading system for bundle of boxes
CN203903491U (en) * 2014-04-30 2014-10-29 北京紫东科技有限公司 Vehicle-mounted automatic framing device
CN204354237U (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-05-27 石家庄灿高高频机械有限公司 Automatic stacking high frequency planar goes straight up to plate joggling apparatus
CN105501992A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-04-20 宁波诺亚智能设备有限公司 Automatic low stacking machine

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