CN106338579A - Urban air quality monitoring system - Google Patents

Urban air quality monitoring system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106338579A
CN106338579A CN201610726838.8A CN201610726838A CN106338579A CN 106338579 A CN106338579 A CN 106338579A CN 201610726838 A CN201610726838 A CN 201610726838A CN 106338579 A CN106338579 A CN 106338579A
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data
module
receiving
node
gprs
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CN201610726838.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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柴军
陈静
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成都汉康信息产业有限公司
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Publication of CN106338579A publication Critical patent/CN106338579A/en

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N33/00Investigating or analysing materials by specific methods not covered by groups G01N1/00 - G01N31/00
    • G01N33/0004Gaseous mixtures, e.g. polluted air
    • G01N33/0009General constructional details of gas analysers, e.g. portable test equipment
    • G01N33/0027General constructional details of gas analysers, e.g. portable test equipment concerning the detector
    • G01N33/0031General constructional details of gas analysers, e.g. portable test equipment concerning the detector comprising two or more sensors, e.g. a sensor array
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N33/00Investigating or analysing materials by specific methods not covered by groups G01N1/00 - G01N31/00
    • G01N33/0004Gaseous mixtures, e.g. polluted air
    • G01N33/0009General constructional details of gas analysers, e.g. portable test equipment
    • G01N33/0027General constructional details of gas analysers, e.g. portable test equipment concerning the detector
    • G01N33/0036Specially adapted to detect a particular component
    • G01N33/0037Specially adapted to detect a particular component for NOx
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N33/00Investigating or analysing materials by specific methods not covered by groups G01N1/00 - G01N31/00
    • G01N33/0004Gaseous mixtures, e.g. polluted air
    • G01N33/0009General constructional details of gas analysers, e.g. portable test equipment
    • G01N33/0027General constructional details of gas analysers, e.g. portable test equipment concerning the detector
    • G01N33/0036Specially adapted to detect a particular component
    • G01N33/0039Specially adapted to detect a particular component for O3
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N33/00Investigating or analysing materials by specific methods not covered by groups G01N1/00 - G01N31/00
    • G01N33/0004Gaseous mixtures, e.g. polluted air
    • G01N33/0009General constructional details of gas analysers, e.g. portable test equipment
    • G01N33/0027General constructional details of gas analysers, e.g. portable test equipment concerning the detector
    • G01N33/0036Specially adapted to detect a particular component
    • G01N33/004Specially adapted to detect a particular component for CO, CO2
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N33/00Investigating or analysing materials by specific methods not covered by groups G01N1/00 - G01N31/00
    • G01N33/0004Gaseous mixtures, e.g. polluted air
    • G01N33/0009General constructional details of gas analysers, e.g. portable test equipment
    • G01N33/0027General constructional details of gas analysers, e.g. portable test equipment concerning the detector
    • G01N33/0036Specially adapted to detect a particular component
    • G01N33/0042Specially adapted to detect a particular component for SO2, SO3
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08CTRANSMISSION SYSTEMS FOR MEASURED VALUES, CONTROL OR SIMILAR SIGNALS
    • G08C17/00Arrangements for transmitting signals characterised by the use of a wireless electrical link
    • G08C17/02Arrangements for transmitting signals characterised by the use of a wireless electrical link using a radio link
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection
    • Y02A50/20Air quality improvement or preservation
    • Y02A50/24Pollution monitoring
    • Y02A50/241Pollution monitoring specially adapted for public areas

Abstract

The invention discloses an urban air quality monitoring system. The urban air quality monitoring system comprises collection node modules, a data relay, a data terminal and a mobile side. Each collection node module comprises a Zigbee communication module, and the collection node modules are used for collecting the contents of monitored substances in air and sending processed data to the data relay through the Zigbee communication modules; the data relay is used for receiving data sent by the collection node modules and sending the processed data to the data terminal; the data terminal is used for receiving data sent by the data relay, displaying the processed data on an upper layer interface of the data terminal and sending the processed data to the mobile side; the mobile side is used for receiving data sent by the data terminal for inquiring of users. By means of the urban air quality monitoring system, multi-point monitoring of urban air can be achieved, the node density is high, the distribution range is wide, automatic networking of the monitoring points can be achieved, the dynamic nature is high, and the transmission distance is long.

Description

_种城市空气质量监测系统 _ Kinds of urban air quality monitoring system

[0001]本发明涉及一种监测系统,更详细地,涉及一种城市空气质量监测系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to a monitoring system, and more particularly, relates to an urban air quality monitoring system.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]空气质量的好坏反映了空气污染程度,它是依据空气中污染物浓度的高低来判断的。 [0002] The quality of air reflecting the air pollution, which is based on high and low concentrations of air pollutants in the judged. 空气污染是一个复杂的现象,在特定时间和地点空气污染物浓度受到许多因素影响。 Air pollution is a complex phenomenon influenced by many factors at a specific time and place of air pollutant concentrations. 来自固定和流动污染源的人为污染物排放大小是影响空气质量的最主要因素之一,其中包括车辆、船舶、飞机的尾气、工业污染、居民生活和取暖、垃圾焚烧等。 Anthropogenic emissions from stationary and mobile sources size is one of the most important factors that affect air quality, including vehicles, ships, aircraft exhaust, industrial pollution, living and heating, waste incineration. 城市的发展密度、地形地貌和气象等也是影响空气质量的重要因素。 Urban development density, topography and weather are also important factors such as air quality impact.

[0003]目前,空气污染物主要包括二氧化氮、二氧化硫、一氧化碳、臭氧和挥发性有机化合物等等,随着工业及交通运输业的不断发展,大量的有害物质被排放到空气中,改变了空气的正常组成,使空气质量变坏。 [0003] At present, the major air pollutants, including nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, ozone and volatile organic compounds, etc., with the continuous development of industry and transportation, a large number of harmful substances are released into the air, changed a normal constituent of air, the air quality is deteriorated. 当我们生活在受到污染的空气之中健康就会受到影响。 When we live in polluted air among health will be affected. 为了改善环境空气质量,防止生态破坏,创造清洁适宜的环境,保护人体健康,我国根据《中华人民共和国环境保护法》和《中华人民共和国大气污染防治法》制定了《环境空气质量标准(GB3095-1996)。 In order to improve air quality and prevent ecological damage, clean create the right environment, protect human health, according to our "Environmental Protection Law" and "Air Pollution Prevention Law" formulated the "Ambient Air Quality Standard (GB3095- 1996). 这个标准规定了环境空气质量功能区划分、标准分级、主要污染物项目和这些污染物在各个级别下的浓度限值等,是评价空气质量好坏的科学依据。 This standard specifies the ambient air quality function zoning, grading standards, the main pollutant concentration limits and other projects and these pollutants at all levels, air quality is good or bad evaluation of scientific evidence.

[0004]为了准确及时地知道城市空气中的污染物分布,就必须对城市空气进行监测,目前的城市空气质量监测系统多为单点监测,即使是多点监测也只是简单地将监测器分布在不同的地方,不能有效地将各个监测点之间不能完成自动组网,传输距离也相对较短。 [0004] In order to know the accurate and timely distribution of air pollutants in the city, it is necessary to monitor urban air, the current urban air quality monitoring system to monitor more than a single point, multi-point monitoring even just simply monitor distribution in various places, can not effectively be done automatically between the respective network monitoring points, transmission distance is relatively short.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005]本发明的目的是克服现有技术的不足,提供一种城市空气质量监测系统,该系统可以实现城市空气的多点监控,节点密度高,分别范围广,各个监测点之间能够实现自动组网,传输距离远。 [0005] The object of the present invention is to overcome the disadvantages of the prior art to provide an air quality monitoring system, the system may implement multi-point monitoring of urban air, high node density, respectively, a wide range can be achieved between the various monitoring points automatic network, transmission distance.

[0006] —种城市空气质量监测系统,包括采集节点模块、数据中转器、数据终端和移动端;所述采集节点模块可以有多个,每个采集节点模块包括Zigbee通信模块,采集节点模块用于采集空气中被监测物的含量并将处理后的数据通过Zigbee通信模块发送到数据中转器;所述数据中转器用于接收各个采集节点模块发送的数据并将处理后的数据发送到数据终端;所述数据终端用于接收数据中转器发送的数据并将处理后的数据显示在数据终端的上层界面上,同时将处理后的数据发送到移动端;数据终端还用于通过数据中转器对采集节点模块进行初始设置和远程启动;所述移动端用于接收数据终端发送的数据并供用户查询。 [0006] - the city air quality monitoring system, comprising a collecting node module, data transfer, data terminal and the mobile terminal; the module can have a plurality of acquisition nodes, each node acquisition module comprises a Zigbee communication module, node acquisition module air collected in the data content of the monitored object and transmitted to the data transfer process through Zigbee communication module; said data transfer for each acquisition node receiving data transmitted by the module and transmits the processed data to the data terminal; said data terminal for receiving the data transmitted from the repeater and the processed data displayed on the upper interface of the data terminal, while transmitting the processed data to the mobile terminal; data terminal is also used to collect the data to the repeater node module for initial setup and remote start; end of the mobile terminal for transmitting data and receiving data for the user query. 本发明的每个采集节点模块中都设置有Zigbee通信模块,Zigbee协议支持网络的自组网,并且能够支持多达64个节点组成星型网络或点对点网络,实现被测数据的无线传输,节点间传输距离可达200m以上;另外,只需要将节点布设于监测区域,节点不需要预定的设施的支撑,节点一旦组成网络后,网络的拓扑结构将随着节点的移动、入网、离开网络而动态地变化,无需人工干涉。 Each node acquisition module of the present invention is provided with a Zigbee communication module, Zigbee network MANET protocol support, and can support up to 64 nodes star network or an ad hoc network, wireless transmission of the measured data, the node between the transmission distance of up to 200m above; in addition, simply laid in the node monitoring area, a predetermined node does not need a support facility, once a network of nodes, the topology of the network as a mobile node, network, leave the network changes dynamically, without human intervention.

[0007]进一步地,所述各个采集节点模块还包括臭氧监测传感器、二氧化硫监测传感器、二氧化氮监测传感器和一氧化碳监测传感器;各个采集节点模块的臭氧监测传感器、二氧化硫监测传感器、二氧化氮监测传感器和一氧化碳监测传感器将监测到的数据进行处理后发送给该采集节点模块的Zigbee通信模块。 [0007] Further, the respective node acquisition module further comprises a sensor monitoring the ozone, sulfur dioxide monitoring sensor, nitrogen dioxide and carbon monoxide monitoring sensor monitoring sensor; ozone monitoring each sensor node module collection, monitoring sensor sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide monitoring sensor after the monitored data and monitoring the carbon monoxide sensor to the acquisition process of transmitting node module Zigbee communication module. 本发明通过对空气主要污染物进行实时监测,可以及时反应空气质量。 The present invention is primarily air pollutants by real-time monitoring, the air quality can be timely response.

[0008]进一步地,所述数据中转器包括依次连接的第一 GPRS接收模块、汇聚节点模块、工控机模块和GPRS发射模块;所述第一GPRS接收模块用于接收各个采集节点模块发送的数据并将数据上传到汇聚节点模块;所述汇聚节点模块用于储存第一GPRS接收模块发送的数据并上传至工控机模块,汇聚节点模块还用于控制各个采集节点模块的工作模式;所述工控机模块用于接收汇聚节点模块发送的数据并将处理后的数据发送给GPRS发射模块;所述GPRS发射模块用于接收工控机模块发送的数据并将数据发送给数据终端。 [0008] Further, the data transfer comprising sequentially connected a first receiving module GPRS sink node module, IPC module and transmitting module GPRS; GPRS said first receiving means for receiving data sent by the respective node module acquisition and upload the data to the sink node module; the convergence node means for storing a first data transmitting and receiving module GPRS uploaded to the IPC module sink node module is further used for controlling the working mode of each node acquisition module; the industrial dryer means for receiving data sent by the module convergence node sends the data to the processed transmitting module GPRS; GPRS said transmitting means for receiving data transmitted by IPC module sends the data to the data terminal. 本发明的汇聚节点模块一直处于工作状态下,是整个网络的核心节点,负责网络的管理和为何,并控制其他节点的工作模式,比如选择需要监测的环境变量、节点的采集频度等,并且具有较大的存储空间,可将每个采集节点模块的数据存储下来在需要的时候传至工控机。 Under sink node module of the present invention has been in the working state, a core node of the entire network, is responsible for management of the network and why, and controls the operation mode of other nodes, such as selecting the environment variables to be monitored, the acquisition frequency of the other node, and having a larger storage space, the data acquisition node of each memory module may be transmitted to the IPC down when needed.

[0009]进一步地,所述数据终端包括第二 GPRS接收模块和电脑主机;所述第二GPRS接收模块用于接收数据中转器发送的数据并将数据发送给电脑主机;所述电脑主机用于接收第二 GPRS接收模块发送的数据并储存,电脑主机还用于通过数据中转器对采集节点模块进行初始设置和远程启动。 [0009] Further, the data terminal comprising a second receiving module and the host computer GPRS; GPRS data of said second receiving means for receiving data transmitted from the repeater sends the data to the host computer; for the host computer a second receiving module receiving GPRS data transmission and storage, the host computer is further configured to start the initial setup and remote data collected by the repeater node module.

[0010]本发明的有益效果在于: [0010] Advantageous effects of the present invention:

1、每个采集节点模块中都设置有Zigbee通信模块,Zigbee协议支持网络的自组网,并且能够支持多达64个节点组成星型网络或点对点网络,可以对空气质量进行多点实时监测,并实现被测数据的远距离无线传输。 1, each node acquisition module is provided with a Zigbee communication module, Zigbee network MANET protocol support, and can support up to 64 nodes ad hoc network or a star network, may be multi-point real-time monitoring of air quality, and achieve long-distance wireless transmission of the measured data.

[0011] 2、Zigbee协议具有功耗低、协议简单和具有扩展能力的特点,使本发明在实现多点监测和自组网的同时还能降低整个系统的成本、节约能源。 [0011] 2, Zigbee protocol has low power, has a simple protocol and scalability features of the present invention and the multi-point monitoring MANET while reducing overall system cost, save energy.

[0012] 3、本发明的数据传输是双向的,不仅可以在数据终端实现对采集节点模块的初始设置和启动工作,也可以通过数据中转器的汇聚节点模块实现对采集节点模块的网络控制,工作方式灵活,效率高。 [0012] 3, data transmission according to the present invention is a two-way, not only can realize the initial setting, and start-up operation acquisition node module can also network control of the acquired node module by the sink node module data repeater in the data terminal, flexible work efficiently.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0013]此处所说明的附图用来提供对本发明实施例的进一步理解,构成本申请的一部分,并不构成对本发明实施例的限定。 [0013] The drawings described herein are provided for further understanding of embodiments of the present invention, part of the application is not intended to limit embodiments of the present invention. 在附图中: In the drawings:

图1为本发明的结构示意图。 1 a schematic view of the structure of the present invention.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0014]为使本发明的目的、技术方案和优点更加清楚明白,下面结合实施例和附图,对本发明作进一步的详细说明,本发明的示意性实施方式及其说明仅用于解释本发明,并不作为对本发明的限定。 [0014] To make the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from, the following Examples and accompanying drawings, the present invention will be further described in detail, and exemplary embodiments of the present invention is described only for explaining the present invention , not intended to limit the present invention.

实施例 Example

[0015]如图1所示,本实施例提供一种城市空气质量监测系统,包括3个采集节点模块、数据中转器、数据终端和移动端;每个采集节点模块均包括臭氧监测传感器、二氧化硫监测传感器、二氧化氮监测传感器、一氧化碳监测传感器和Zigbee通信模块;数据中转器包括依次连接的第一GPRS接收模块、汇聚节点模块、工控机模块和GPRS发射模块;数据终端包括第二GPRS接收模块和电脑主机。 [0015] 1, the present embodiment provides an air quality monitoring system comprising three nodes acquisition module, data transfer, data terminal and the mobile terminal; node each acquisition module comprises a sensor monitoring the ozone, sulfur dioxide monitoring sensor, nitrogen dioxide monitoring sensor, and a carbon monoxide monitor sensors Zigbee communication module; data relay comprising sequentially connected a first receiving module GPRS sink node module, IPC module transmitting module and GPRS; GPRS data terminal includes a second receiving module and the host computer.

[0016]各个采集节点模块的臭氧监测传感器、二氧化硫监测传感器、二氧化氮监测传感器和一氧化碳监测传感器将监测到的数据进行处理后发送给该采集节点模块的Zigbee通信模块,Zigbee通信模块再将数据发送给数据中转器的第一GPRS接收模块,第一GPRS用于接收各个采集节点模块发送的数据并将数据上传到汇聚节点模块;汇聚节点模块用于储存第一GPRS接收模块发送的数据并上传至工控机模块,汇聚节点模块还用于控制各个采集节点模块的工作模式;工控机模块用于接收汇聚节点模块发送的数据并将处理后的数据发送给GPRS发射模块;GPRS发射模块用于接收工控机模块发送的数据并将数据发送给数据终端的第二GPRS接收模块;第二GPRS接收模块用于接收GPRS发射模块发送的数据并将数据发送给电脑主机;电脑主机用于接收第二GPRS接收模块发送的数据并将处理后的数据 Transmitting the [0016] respective ozone monitoring sensor node module collection, monitoring sensor sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and carbon monoxide monitoring sensor monitoring sensors to monitor the data acquisition node processing module to the Zigbee communication module, a Zigbee communication module data then data transmitted to the data repeater GPRS first receiving module, a first node GPRS module for receiving the respective collecting and transmitting the data to the sink node upload module; sink node means for storing a first data transmitting and receiving module GPRS upload IPC module to the sink node module is further used for controlling the working mode of each collection node module; IPC module for receiving data transmitted from the sink node module and transmits the processed data to the transmitting module GPRS; GPRS transmitting means for receiving IPC data transmission module sends the data to the data terminal, a second receiving module GPRS; GPRS data receiving means for receiving a second transmitting GPRS transmission module sends the data to the host computer; GPRS for receiving a second host computer data transmission and data receiving processing module 送给移动端,电脑主机还用于存储接收到的数据并将处理后的数据显示在电脑主机的上层界面上,电脑主机还用于通过数据中转器对采集节点模块进行初始设置和远程启动;移动端用于接收数据终端发送的数据并供用户查询。 To the mobile terminal, the host computer further configured to store data received and processed data displayed on the upper interface of the host computer, the host computer is also used to start the initial setup and remote data collected by the repeater node module; mobile data terminal for receiving data sent by a terminal and for the user query.

[0017]本实施例中,采集节点模块为3个,每个采集节点采用了4个监测传感器,采集节点模块主要有CC2430及其外围电路组成的射频板、传感器调理板和传感器三部分组成。 [0017] In this embodiment, the node acquisition module 3, each node uses the acquired monitoring sensor 4, the main collecting node module CC2430 RF board and its peripheral circuit, the three parts of the sensor board and the sensor conditioning composition. 用户可以在数据终端发送设置命令来对传感器网络的采集、传输进行初始设置并实现人工远程启动系统,也可有汇聚节点模块自行完成初始设置并启动系统。 The user can send the data setting command to a terminal of the sensor network acquisition, and transmission of initial setting to achieve artificial remote start system, the aggregation node may also have its own module to start the initial setup and the system. 当系统设置为休眠状态时,与外围电路的连接处于高阻态。 When the system is set to the sleep state, connected to the peripheral circuit in a high impedance state.

[0018]在具体实施时,每个采集节点可以根据需要选择多余4个的监测传感器,并且最多可以支持64个采集节点组成星型网络或点对点网络,实现被测数据的无线传输且节点间的传输距离可达200m以上。 [0018] In a specific embodiment, each collection node may be selected according to the extra monitoring sensor 4, and can support up to 64 nodes collection star network or an ad hoc network, wireless transmission of the measured data and the inter-node transmission distance up to 200m or more.

[0019]以上所述的具体实施方式,对本发明的目的、技术方案和有益效果进行了进一步详细说明,所应理解的是,以上所述仅为本发明的具体实施方式而已,并不用于限定本发明的保护范围,凡在本发明的精神和原则之内,所做的任何修改、等同替换、改进等,均应包含在本发明的保护范围之内。 [0019] The foregoing specific embodiments, objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the invention will be further described in detail, it should be understood that the above descriptions are merely specific embodiments of the present invention, but not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, all within the spirit and principle of the present invention, any changes made, equivalent substitutions and improvements should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1.一种城市空气质量监测系统,其特征在于,包括采集节点模块、数据中转器、数据终端和移动端; 所述采集节点模块为多个,每个采集节点模块包括Zigbee通信模块,采集节点模块用于采集空气中被监测物的含量并将处理后的数据通过Zigbee通信模块发送到数据中转器; 所述数据中转器用于接收各个采集节点模块发送的数据并将处理后的数据发送到数据终端; 所述数据终端用于接收数据中转器发送的数据并将处理后的数据显示在数据终端的上层界面上,同时将处理后的数据发送到移动端;数据终端还用于通过数据中转器对采集节点模块进行初始设置和远程启动; 所述移动端用于接收数据终端发送的数据并供用户查询。 An urban air quality monitoring system, wherein the node comprises an acquisition module, a data relay device, data terminal and the mobile terminal; the module is a plurality of acquisition nodes, each node acquisition module comprises a Zigbee communication module, acquisition nodes means for collecting data after the air content was monitored and transmitted to the data transfer process through Zigbee communication module; said data transfer for each acquisition node receiving and transmitting means for transmitting the processed data to the data terminal; data data in the data terminal for receiving the data transmitted from the repeater and the process data displayed on the upper interface of the terminal, while transmitting the processed data to the mobile terminal; a terminal data through a data repeater for further collected node module for initial setup and remote start; end of the mobile terminal for transmitting data and receiving data for the user query.
2.根据权利要求1所述的一种城市空气质量监测系统,其特征在于,所述各个采集节点模块还包括臭氧监测传感器、二氧化硫监测传感器、二氧化氮监测传感器和一氧化碳监测传感器;各个采集节点模块的臭氧监测传感器、二氧化硫监测传感器、二氧化氮监测传感器和一氧化碳监测传感器将监测到的数据进行处理后发送给该采集节点模块的Zigbee通信丰旲块。 2. an urban air quality monitoring system according to claim 1, wherein each said module further comprising a collecting node ozone monitoring sensor, the monitoring sensor dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and carbon monoxide monitoring sensor monitoring sensors; each acquisition nodes Zigbee communication module transmits ozone monitoring sensor, the monitoring sensor sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and carbon monoxide monitoring sensor monitoring sensors to monitor the data acquisition node processing module to the abundance Dae block.
3.根据权利要求1所述的一种城市空气质量监测系统,其特征在于,所述数据中转器包括依次连接的第一GPRS接收模块、汇聚节点模块、工控机模块和GPRS发射模块; 所述第一GPRS接收模块用于接收各个采集节点模块发送的数据并将数据上传到汇聚节点模块; 所述汇聚节点模块用于储存第一GPRS接收模块发送的数据并上传至工控机模块;汇聚节点模块还用于控制各个采集节点模块的工作模式; 所述工控机模块用于接收汇聚节点模块发送的数据并将处理后的数据发送给GPRS发射模块; 所述GPRS发射模块用于接收工控机模块发送的数据并将数据发送给数据终端。 3. According to an air quality monitoring system according to claim 1, characterized in that said data transfer comprises sequentially connected a first receiving module GPRS sink node module, IPC emission module and a GPRS module; the GPRS data receiving means for receiving a first transmission of each module and data acquisition node to the sink node upload module; the convergence node means for storing a first data transmitting and receiving module GPRS uploaded to the IPC module; sink node module and for controlling the operating mode of each node acquisition module; IPC module for the data sink node receiving the data sent by the module and sent to the processing module transmitting GPRS; GPRS transmitting means for receiving the IPC module to transmit and send data to the data terminal.
4.根据权利要求1所述的一种城市空气质量监测系统,其特征在于,所述数据终端包括第二GPRS接收模块和电脑主机;所述第二GPRS接收模块用于接收数据中转器发送的数据并将数据发送给电脑主机;所述电脑主机用于接收第二GPRS接收模块发送的数据并储存,电脑主机还用于通过数据中转器对采集节点模块进行初始设置和远程启动。 4. According to an air quality monitoring system according to claim 1, wherein said data terminal includes a receiving module and a second host computer GPRS; GPRS said second receiving means for receiving data transmitted from the repeater and send data to the host computer; the data sent by the host computer for receiving and storing a second receiving module GPRS, the host computer is also used to start the initial setup and remote data collected by the repeater node module.
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