CN103442052B - Device and method for remote monitoring farmland crop growth information - Google Patents

Device and method for remote monitoring farmland crop growth information Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103442052B
CN103442052B CN201310371487.XA CN201310371487A CN103442052B CN 103442052 B CN103442052 B CN 103442052B CN 201310371487 A CN201310371487 A CN 201310371487A CN 103442052 B CN103442052 B CN 103442052B
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monitoring
module
data
unit
growth information
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CN201310371487.XA
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CN103442052A (en
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曹卫星
倪军
朱艳
姚霞
庞方荣
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南京农业大学
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Abstract

The invention discloses a device for remote monitoring farmland crop growth information. The device comprises N crop growth information monitoring nodes, at least one intelligent agriculture gateway, a remote monitoring service platform and a plurality of monitoring terminals. The crop growth information monitoring nodes are scattered in a farmland to form a wireless information sensor network. The intelligent agriculture gateway is allocated in the farmland and is connected with the crop growth information monitoring nodes in a bothway wireless mode. The remote monitoring service platform is allocated in a monitoring center, the intelligent agriculture gateway is connected with the remote monitoring service platform in a bothway wireless mode, and the monitoring terminals have access to the monitoring service platform through a Web explorer. The invention further provides a farmland crop growth information multi-path parallel remote access method. Crops, the atmosphere and soil information are fast and reliably transmitted in a parallel and real-time mode, and the purpose of monitoring the farmland information in a low-cost, continuous, real-time and remote mode is achieved.

Description

Farmland crop growth information remote monitoring device and method

Technical field

The present invention relates to technology of Internet of things, more particularly to remotely supervised based on the farmland crop growth information of technology of Internet of things Survey, belong to agriculture Internet of Things field.

Background technology

The acquisition and transmission of field-crop upgrowth situation, ecological environment and soil information is that Surveillance center obtains farmland letter Breath, the key of accurate management crop production is particularly important for development high-quality, highly efficient and productive, ecological, safe agricultural production. However, the traditional test means being characterized with " destructiveness sampling and chemical analysis " not only waste time and energy, and poor in timeliness, often Cause universal excessive fertilization in production(Particularly nitrogenous fertilizer)Or Term Fertilization is not enough(Such as part trace element), cause production cost Rise, environmental pollution and limiting factors ability decline.

At present, though ability of the single-point sample mode based on sensor technology with fine detection agricultural land information, is present The shortcomings of monitoring range is little, monitoring index is single, the monitoring time is discontinuous, it is impossible to accurately manage offer letter in real time for field crops Breath;Although extensive monitoring capability is possessed based on the cable network sample mode of sensor technology, but is needed big in farmland laying The circuit of amount, especially in the case of sampled point is more scattered, track laying high cost, reliability is low;And farmland is typically remote From monitoring center, building communication lines high cost, maintenance difficulties are big so that data low cost, reliably remote transmission become bottle Neck.

It then becomes necessary to aim at modern agriculture Environment Science, around the bottleneck of agricultural land information acquiring technology development, push greatly Enter IT application to agriculture, intellectualized technology, the new and high technology such as integrated advanced sensors technology and Internet of Things realizes that agricultural production is managed During to crop, environment, soil real-time monitoring, quick obtaining crop growth conditions, ecological environment and liquid manure situation are Crop production whole process control provides the real time data resource and decision support enriched, and promotes Crop management to digitlization and intelligence Intelligentization direction is developed.

The content of the invention

The technical problem to be solved is the defect for background technology, there is provided a kind of based on technology of Internet of things Farmland crop growth information remote monitoring device and its method.The device can be long-term under the open environment of farmland, continuous, real When, the growth indexes such as long-range monitoring crop nitrogen content, nitrogen accumulation, leaf area index, biomass, crop canopy temperature, humidity, The pressures on ecology and environment such as CO2 concentration, intensity of illumination, and the information such as agricultural land soil moisture content, the soil moisture;Diagnosis crop growing state Situation, liquid manure of accurately planning strategies for supply.

The present invention is employed the following technical solutions to solve the above problems:

A kind of farmland crop growth information remote monitoring device based on technology of Internet of things, including:N number of plant growth information Monitoring node, at least one gateway apparatus, long-range monitoring service platform and several monitoring terminals;Wherein, N number of crop life Long message monitoring node is discretely deployed in farmland, configuration information radio sensing network;The gateway apparatus are deployed in farmland In, plant growth information monitoring node is connected with single-hop mode or multi-hop mode with gateway apparatus double-direction radio;It is described long-range Monitoring service platform is deployed in Surveillance center, and gateway apparatus are with Ethernet pattern or GPRS patterns and long-range monitoring service platform Double-direction radio connects;Described several monitoring terminals access monitoring service platform by Web browser, and N is oneself more than or equal to 1 So count.

Further, the farmland crop growth information remote monitoring device based on technology of Internet of things of the invention, it is described remote Journey monitoring platform includes server, communication module, data module and application module;Wherein, communication module and data module, application Module is sequentially connected;Communication module, data module, application module are connected with server, and run under server environment.

Further, the farmland crop growth information remote monitoring device based on technology of Internet of things of the invention is described logical Letter module includes communication unit and processing unit;Wherein communication unit is tied up by the specific end points of Socket interfaces and server It is fixed, connect gateway apparatus, the data that the long-range gateway apparatus for receiving different agriculture districts are sent;The processing unit is to the number that receives Judge according to protocol analysis, exceptional value is carried out, and by ADO.NET interfaces, data are reached into data module.

Further, the farmland crop growth information remote monitoring device based on technology of Internet of things of the invention, the number Include Monitoring Data unit, Real-time Monitoring Data unit, monitoring type unit, nodal information unit, user account letter according to module Interest statement unit;Wherein:

Monitoring Data unit is sent to all data of server for depositing field wireless sensor network;

Real-time Monitoring Data unit is used to deposit field wireless sensor network the last time gathered data;

Monitoring type unit is used to record the monitoring type and various monitoring types of plant growth information monitoring node Number range;

Nodal information unit is used to record identification information, positional information, the deployment of field crop growth information monitoring node Time;

User account information unit is used to record the account and encrypted message needed for User logs in platform.

Further, the farmland crop growth information remote monitoring device based on technology of Internet of things of the invention, it is described to answer The Model Design of B/S structures is adopted with module, including:Plant growth information monitoring node deployment unit, monitor in real time unit, set Standby administrative unit, Data Management Unit, background management unit;Wherein:

Plant growth information monitoring node deployment unit is used for disposing field radio sensing network node, and with space map Mode shows;

Monitor in real time unit is used to show the various data of field radio sensing network collection;

Device management unit is used for server and sends control command, and field crop growth information monitoring node is opened Dynamic, dormancy control, while also providing input interface, the information, frequency acquisition to plant growth information monitoring node is configured;

Data Management Unit is used to provide the inquiry of long-range monitoring platform data storage, derives and analyze;

Background management unit is used to arrange underlying parameter, including basic setup, subscriber information management, equipment control.

Further, the farmland crop growth information remote monitoring device based on technology of Internet of things of the invention, the number Data query is realized using GridView control dynamic binding data sources according to administrative unit;It is dynamic using Chart Controls controls Realize the tracing analysis of data in state binding data source.

Further, the farmland crop growth information remote monitoring device based on technology of Internet of things of the invention, the net Pass device is wisdom agricultural gateway, including coordinator module, remote access module, management control module and the power supply for power supply Module;Wherein:

Coordinator module, for setting up using ZigBee technology and manages plant growth information wireless collection network;Including First microprocessor, data storage, wireless ZigBee module and the first sucker antenna;

Remote access module, remotely accesses for management, realizes plant growth information and biography under the open environment of farmland It is defeated;Including the second microprocessor, GPRS module, ethernet module, the second sucker antenna;

Wherein:The first microprocessor connects respectively wireless ZigBee module and data storage by serial SPI interface Device;The first sucker antenna is connected with wireless ZigBee module;The first microprocessor is received by wireless ZigBee module The data of collection plant growth information monitoring node, then deposit the data of collection to data storage, and while submit to the Two microprocessors;Second microprocessor is concatenated by UART interface with GPRS module;The GPRS module connection second is inhaled Disk antenna;Second microprocessor is connected by serial SPI interface with ethernet module;The ethernet module connects RJ45 Interface;The data that second microprocessor submits to first microprocessor are sent to long-range clothes by GPRS module or ethernet module Business device;

Management control module, for when environment temperature is higher than preset temperature value, reducing environment temperature;Including TEMP Device, electric current drive module, relay, fan;Wherein, the temperature sensor and first microprocessor, electric current drive module, after Electric apparatus coil is sequentially connected;The relay normally open contact connects fan swicth;When farm environment temperature is more than the first microprocessor During device preset temperature value, corresponding signal is exported by first microprocessor, Jing electric currents drive module amplifies rear-guard motor type relay, opens Fan swicth, reduces environment temperature, it is ensured that gateway reliably working.

Further, the farmland crop growth information remote monitoring device based on technology of Internet of things of the invention, the work Thing growth information monitoring node is multispectral plant growth sensor.

The present invention also proposes a kind of farmland crop growth information multipath based on technology of Internet of things side of remotely accessing parallel Method, using following steps:

Step 1), by plant growth information monitoring node with single-hop or multi-hop mode self-organizing collection network, and in gateway Gathered data is uploaded under the control of device;

Step 2), asynchronous thread circulation prison is opened in long-range monitoring platform instantiation Socket classes and binding server port Listen the port;

Step 3), after long-range monitoring platform receives gateway apparatus sends request of data, set up with gateway apparatus and be connected, And create new Socket examples and be responsible for receiving the data passed back of gateway apparatus, or send operational order to gateway apparatus;

Step 4), with step 3)Meanwhile, new thread of long-range monitoring platform opening continues the connection for monitoring other gateway apparatus Request;When there is other gateway apparatus to send request of data, long-range monitoring platform is worked with multipath parallel schema, in new thread It is upper to set up connection, start receiving data;

Step 5), after the completion of each paths data receiver of concurrent working, database is stored in, disconnect in its respective thread Connection, discharges correlated resources;

Step 6), repeat step 3), step 4), step 5), real-time remote monitoring.

The present invention adopts above technical scheme, and beneficial effect compared with prior art is:

1st, a kind of farmland crop growth information remote supervision system based on technology of Internet of things of the invention, with wireless sensing Device latticed form multiple spot, collaboration collection plant growth information, pressures on ecology and environment, soil information, it is long-range with communication Transmit to monitoring platform, monitoring terminal can download institute by Web browser real time access field-crop, air, soil information Data are needed, and remotely control can be carried out to wisdom agricultural gateway, configuration is distributed in the plant growth information monitoring node in field.It is real Show that agricultural land information is inexpensive, highly reliable, real-time remote monitoring.

2nd, a kind of parallel remote access method of farmland crop growth information multipath based on technology of Internet of things of the invention, Overcome " seemingly-dead " phenomenons to be connected such as monitoring platform is long-range and can not be while connecting, processing, receiving multiple wisdom agricultural nets The problem of pass.

Description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is based on the farmland crop growth information remote monitoring device structural representation of technology of Internet of things.

Fig. 2 is the parallel access process figure of long-range monitoring platform multipath.

Fig. 3 is a kind of radio sensing network gateway architecture schematic diagram for the monitoring of field crop growth information of the present invention.

Fig. 4 is a kind of radio sensing network gateway transmission strategic process for the monitoring of field crop growth information of the present invention Figure.

Specific embodiment

Technical scheme is described in further detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:

As shown in figure 1, a kind of farmland crop growth information remote monitoring device based on technology of Internet of things, including:N number of work Thing growth information monitoring node(N≧1), at least one wisdom agricultural gateway, long-range monitoring service platform and several monitorings eventually End.N number of plant growth information monitoring node is discretely deployed in farmland, configuration information radio sensing network.Wisdom agricultural net Pass is deployed in farmland, and plant growth information monitoring node is with single-hop mode or multi-hop mode and wisdom agricultural gateway Zigbee780MHz frequency ranges double-direction radio connects.Wisdom agricultural gateway is with Ethernet pattern or GPRS patterns and long-range monitoring clothes The double-direction radio connection of business platform.

Long-range monitoring platform includes server, communication module, data module and application module.Communication module and data mould Block, application module are sequentially connected;Communication module, data module, application module are connected with server, and run on server environment Under.

Communication module includes communication unit and processing unit, and communication unit is specifically held by Socket interfaces with server Point binding, connection wisdom agricultural gateway is long-range to receive the data that different agriculture district wisdom agricultural gateways are sent;Processing unit is to receiving To data carry out protocol analysis, exceptional value and judge, and by ADO.NET interfaces, data are reached into data module.

Data module include Monitoring Data unit, Real-time Monitoring Data unit, monitoring type unit, nodal information unit, User account information unit etc., Monitoring Data unit is sent to all numbers of server for depositing field wireless sensor network According to;Real-time Monitoring Data unit is used to deposit wireless field wireless sensor network the last time gathered data;Monitoring type list Unit is used to record the monitoring type of plant growth information monitoring node and the number range of various monitoring types;Nodal information list Unit is used to record the identification information of field crop growth information monitoring node(MAC Address), positional information, deployment time etc.;With Family accounts information unit is used to record the account and encrypted message needed for User logs in platform.

Application module adopts the Model Design of B/S structures, including:Plant growth information monitoring node deployment unit, in real time Monitoring unit, device management unit, Data Management Unit, background management unit, plant growth information monitoring node deployment unit For disposing field radio sensing network node, and shown in space map mode;Monitor in real time unit be used for show field without The various data of line sensing network collection;Device management unit is used for server and sends control command, and field crops growth is believed Breath monitoring node is started, dormancy control, while also providing input interface, information, frequency acquisition to acquisition terminal etc. are entered Row is arranged;Data Management Unit is used to provide the inquiry of long-range monitoring platform data storage, derives and analyze;Background management unit For arranging some underlying parameters, including basic setup, subscriber information management, equipment control etc..Multiple monitoring terminals pass through Web The long-range monitoring platform of browser real time access.

Plant growth information monitoring node employed in the application is in a kind of applicant's application " field crops life The lossless device for fast detecting of long message and detection method(Publication number:CN102768186A)A kind of " crop-air-soil letter Breath wireless acquisition terminal and acquisition method "(Publication number:CN103035112A)Disclosed in a kind of multispectral plant growth sensing Device, the sensor includes up smooth spectrum sensor, descending smooth spectrum sensor, fixed support, movable support rod, the shielding of four cores Transfer wire.By detecting the solar spectrum radiation information and crop canopies reflectance spectrum letter at plant growth index sensitive band Breath, couples plant growth index spectrum monitoring model, and it passes through mainly by certain sequential collaboration collection plant physiology information Zigbee780MHz frequency range self-organizing radio sensor networks, realize crop leaf layer nitrogen content, leaf layer nitrogen accumulation, leaf area The growth information such as index and leaf dry weight is real-time, lossless, online acquisition.

With reference to Fig. 2, asynchronous thread circulation prison is opened in the port that long-range monitoring platform instantiation Socket classes and binding are specified This port, main thread is listened to continue executing with the operation of oneself without waiting the connection request of wisdom agricultural gateway always; When wisdom agricultural gateway needs to send data, connection request is sent to monitoring platform, monitoring platform receives same after connection request Wisdom agricultural gateway sets up connection, creates a new Socket example and is responsible for receiving data, meanwhile, long-range monitoring platform is opened New thread continues the connection request for monitoring other wisdom agricultural gateways;When there is other wisdom agricultural gateways to send request of data, Long-range monitoring platform sets up connection with the work of multipath parallel schema, in new thread, starts receiving data.Wisdom agricultural gateway Start to send data to monitoring platform after successful connection, monitoring platform receiving data simultaneously does respective handling operation, while monitoring is flat Platform can to wisdom agricultural gateway send data be communicated, do not disconnect this connection before, monitoring platform and wisdom agricultural net Pass can carry out repeatedly receiving and be in communication with each other with transmission operation;Associative operation process is completed, and monitoring platform is disconnected, and release is closed The resource of connection.

The present invention also provides a kind of farmland crop growth information multipath based on technology of Internet of things side of remotely accessing parallel Method, using following steps:

Step 1), by plant growth information monitoring node with single-hop or multi-hop mode self-organizing collection network, and in wisdom Gathered data is uploaded under the control of agriculture gateway;

Step 2), asynchronous thread circulation prison is opened in long-range monitoring platform instantiation Socket classes and binding server port Listen the port;

Step 3), after long-range monitoring platform receives wisdom agricultural gateway sends request of data, with wisdom agricultural gateway Connection is set up, and creates new Socket examples and be responsible for receiving the data that wisdom agricultural gateway is passed back, it is also possible to wisdom agricultural net Close and send operational order;

Step 4), with step 3)Meanwhile, new thread of long-range monitoring platform opening continues to monitor other wisdom agricultural gateways Connection request;When there is other wisdom agricultural gateways to send request of data, long-range monitoring platform is worked with multipath parallel schema, Connection is set up in new thread, starts receiving data.

Step 5), after the completion of each paths data receiver of concurrent working, database is stored in, disconnect in its respective thread Connection, discharges correlated resources;

Step 6), repeat step 3), step 4), step 5).

As shown in figure 3, a kind of radio sensing network gateway apparatus for the monitoring of field crop growth information, including coordination Device module, remote access module, management control module and power module;Coordinator module connection management control module, telegon Module concatenates remote access module, and power module connects respectively coordinator module, remote access module and management control module.Its In, coordinator module includes microprocessor 1, data storage, wireless ZigBee module and sucker antenna 1;Microprocessor 1 passes through Serial SPI interface connects respectively wireless ZigBee module and data storage, and sucker antenna 1 is connected with wireless ZigBee module, Microprocessor 1 is used to run wireless ZigBee module driving, Zigbee protocol, collects multispectral plant growth sensor node number According to, and the data of collection are deposited to data storage, while submitting to microprocessor 2;Remote access module includes microprocessor Device 2, GPRS module, ethernet module and RJ45 interfaces;Microprocessor 2 is concatenated by UART interface with GPRS module, GPRS moulds Block connecting sucker antenna 2, microprocessor 2 is connected by serial SPI interface with ethernet module, and ethernet module connection RJ45 connects Mouthful, microprocessor 2 is used to judge that the data for remotely accessing mode, running GPRS module driving, Transmission Control Protocol, submit to MUC1 are sent out To server;Microprocessor 1 concatenates microprocessor 2 by UART interface;Management control module includes temperature sensor, microprocessor Device 1, electric current drive module, relay, fan;Temperature sensor and microprocessor 1, electric current drive module, relay coil according to Secondary connection, relay normally open contact connection fan swicth, when farm environment temperature it is too high, more than the preset temperature value of microprocessor 1, Microprocessor 1 exports corresponding signal, and Jing electric currents drive module amplifies rear-guard motor type relay, opens fan swicth, reduces environment temperature Degree, it is ensured that gateway reliably working.

With reference to Fig. 4, a kind of radio sensing network gateway apparatus transmission method for the monitoring of field crop growth information, adopt Use following steps:

(1)Gateways and starting, carries out remotely accessing mode and judges, determines that data upload mode.If confirming as GPRS connections, net Close GP configuring RS parameter;If confirming as Ethernet connection, gateway configuration ethernet parameter;

(2)Set up ZigBee-network, transmission network beacon;

(3)Gateways and starting plant growth information routing algorithm for wireless sensor, prepares to receive multispectral plant growth Sensor node data;

(4)Multispectral plant growth sensor node is monitored, judges whether to collect node data, if collecting node Data, judge data exception, if not collecting data, continue to monitor multispectral plant growth sensor node;

(5)If data are normal, in being stored in data storage, and data are uploaded extremely by GPRS or Ethernet pattern Remote server.

With reference to Fig. 4, a kind of radio sensing network gateway apparatus transmission method for the monitoring of field crop growth information, its Routing algorithm reduces multispectral plant growth sensor node power consumption using power dynamic administrative mechanism, improves plant growth information Wireless collection network life cycle, comprises the steps:

(1)Each multispectral plant growth sensor node is formed with single-hop in plant growth information wireless sensor network Continuously transmit N frames(N≦4)Gathered data is to gateway;

(2)Gateway monitor each it is multispectral make growth sensors node signal strength, according to MAX-MIN principles(Seek The principle of signal strength signal intensity maximum), 1 working node is filtered out, remaining node enters deep sleep state;

(3)Working node regularly sends gathered data in each work period to gateway;Gateway collection is to working node Data, with upper a cycle data difference is carried out, if difference result is not above the threshold value of gateway setting, gateway gray prediction depth Degree dormancy node gathered data;

(4)If difference result exceedes the threshold value of gateway setting, gateway is to plant growth information wireless collection net dormancy Node sends activation command, and each node collection plant growth information is sent to gateway;Meanwhile, according to each node signal strength, use MAX-MIN principles, conversion work node, remaining node enters deep sleep state;

(5)Repeat step(3)-(4), until all multispectral crop lifes in traversal plant growth information wireless collection network Sensor node.

With reference to Fig. 4, a kind of radio sensing network gateway apparatus transmission method for the monitoring of field crop growth information, its Gateway gray prediction deep-sleep node gathered data, comprises the steps:

(1)According to the N frames that multispectral plant growth sensor node initially sends(N≦4)Gathered data, builds single order and tires out Plus grey sequence;

(2)Build cumulative ash sequence close to average generation sequence;

(3)Structure single order single argument gray model GM (1,1), carry out parameter Estimation with least square method and obtain model parameter Solution;

(4)The gray model of original series is solved, deep-sleep node prediction data is tried to achieve.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of farmland crop growth information remote monitoring device based on technology of Internet of things, it is characterised in that include:N number of work Thing growth information monitoring node, at least one gateway apparatus, long-range monitoring service platform and several monitoring terminals;Wherein, it is described N number of plant growth information monitoring node is discretely deployed in farmland, configuration information radio sensing network;The gateway apparatus portion In being deployed on farmland, plant growth information monitoring node is connected with single-hop mode or multi-hop mode with the gateway apparatus double-direction radio Connect;The long-range monitoring service platform is deployed in Surveillance center, the gateway apparatus with Ethernet pattern or GPRS patterns with Long-range monitoring service platform double-direction radio connection;Described several monitoring terminals access monitoring service platform by Web browser, N is the natural number more than or equal to 1;The long-range monitoring service platform includes server, communication module, data module and applies mould Block;Wherein, communication module is sequentially connected with data module, application module;Communication module, data module, application module and service Device is connected, and runs under server environment;
The application module adopts the Model Design of B/S structures, including:Plant growth information monitoring node deployment unit, in real time Monitoring unit, device management unit, Data Management Unit, background management unit;Wherein:
Plant growth information monitoring node deployment unit, for disposing field radio sensing network node, and with space map side Formula shows;
Monitor in real time unit, for showing the various data of field radio sensing network collection;
Device management unit, for server control command is sent, and field crop growth information monitoring node is started, is stopped Sleep and control, while also providing input interface, the information, frequency acquisition to plant growth information monitoring node is configured;
Data Management Unit, for providing the inquiry of long-range monitoring service platform data storage, deriving and analysis;
Background management unit, for arranging underlying parameter, including basic setup, subscriber information management, equipment control;
The gateway apparatus are wisdom agricultural gateway, and the wisdom agricultural gateway includes coordinator module, remote access module, pipe Reason control module and the power module for power supply;Wherein:
Coordinator module, for setting up using ZigBee technology and manages plant growth information wireless collection network;Including first Microprocessor, data storage, wireless ZigBee module and the first sucker antenna;
Remote access module, remotely accesses for management, realizes plant growth information and transmission under the open environment of farmland;Bag Include the second microprocessor, GPRS module, ethernet module, the second sucker antenna;
Wherein:The first microprocessor connects respectively wireless ZigBee module and data storage by serial SPI interface;Institute State the first sucker antenna to be connected with wireless ZigBee module;The first microprocessor collects crop by wireless ZigBee module The data of growth information monitoring node, then deposit the data of collection to data storage, and while submit to second micro- place Reason device;Second microprocessor is concatenated by UART interface with GPRS module;The GPRS module connects the second sucker antenna; Second microprocessor is connected by serial SPI interface with ethernet module;The ethernet module connects RJ45 interfaces;The The data that two microprocessors submit to first microprocessor are sent to remote server by GPRS module or ethernet module;
Management control module, for when environment temperature is higher than preset temperature value, reducing environment temperature;Including temperature sensor, Electric current drive module, relay, fan;Wherein, the temperature sensor and first microprocessor, electric current drive module, relay Device coil is sequentially connected;The relay normally open contact connects fan swicth;When farm environment temperature exceedes first microprocessor During preset temperature value, corresponding signal is exported by first microprocessor, Jing electric currents drive module amplifies rear-guard motor type relay, opens wind Fan switch, reduces environment temperature, it is ensured that gateway reliably working.
2. a kind of farmland crop growth information remote monitoring device based on technology of Internet of things according to claim 1, its It is characterised by, the communication module includes communication unit and processing unit;Wherein communication unit is by Socket interfaces and service The specific port binding of device, connects gateway apparatus, the data that the long-range gateway apparatus for receiving different agriculture districts are sent;It is described to process single Unit carries out protocol analysis, exceptional value and judges to the data for receiving, and by ADO.NET interfaces, data is reached into data module.
3. a kind of farmland crop growth information remote monitoring device based on technology of Internet of things according to claim 1, its It is characterised by, the data module includes Monitoring Data unit, Real-time Monitoring Data unit, monitoring type unit, nodal information Unit, user account information unit;Wherein:
Monitoring Data unit is sent to all data of server for depositing field wireless sensor network;
Real-time Monitoring Data unit is used to deposit field wireless sensor network the last time gathered data;
Monitoring type unit is used to record the monitoring type of plant growth information monitoring node and the numerical value of various monitoring types Scope;
Nodal information unit is used to record identification information, positional information, the deployment time of field crop growth information monitoring node;
User account information unit is used to record the account and encrypted message needed for User logs in platform.
4. a kind of farmland crop growth information remote monitoring device based on technology of Internet of things according to claim 1, its It is characterised by, the Data Management Unit realizes data query using GridView control dynamic binding data sources;Using Chart Controls control dynamic binding data sources realize the tracing analysis of data.
5. according to the arbitrary described farmland crop growth information remote monitoring device based on technology of Internet of things of claim 1-4, Characterized in that, the plant growth information monitoring node is multispectral plant growth sensor.
CN201310371487.XA 2013-08-22 2013-08-22 Device and method for remote monitoring farmland crop growth information CN103442052B (en)

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