CN106312564A - Turning, milling and drilling integrated machining equipment and turning, milling and drilling integrated machining method - Google Patents

Turning, milling and drilling integrated machining equipment and turning, milling and drilling integrated machining method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106312564A
CN106312564A CN201611017970.8A CN201611017970A CN106312564A CN 106312564 A CN106312564 A CN 106312564A CN 201611017970 A CN201611017970 A CN 201611017970A CN 106312564 A CN106312564 A CN 106312564A
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milling
guide rail
unit
radial
feed
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CN201611017970.8A
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CN106312564B (en
Inventor
阳振峰
管延智
李强
尹洪佩
王海宣
陆忠成
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North China University of Technology
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North China University of Technology
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P23/00Machines or arrangements of machines for performing specified combinations of different metal-working operations not covered by a single other subclass
    • B23P23/02Machine tools for performing different machining operations
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P13/00Making metal objects by operations essentially involving machining but not covered by a single other subclass
    • B23P13/02Making metal objects by operations essentially involving machining but not covered by a single other subclass in which only the machining operations are important

Abstract

The invention provides turning, milling and drilling integrated machining equipment and a turning, milling and drilling integrated machining method. The turning, milling and drilling integrated machining equipment comprises a base, a turning unit, a drilling unit, a milling unit and a numerical control direct-drive turntable unit, wherein the turning unit, the drilling unit and the milling unit are mounted on the base in triangular arrangement, and the numerical control direct-drive turntable unit is positioned among the turning unit, the drilling unit and the milling unit. The turning, milling and drilling integrated machining equipment and the turning, milling and drilling integrated machining method have the advantages that the turning unit, the milling unit and the drilling unit can move along the height direction as well as the radial direction of a numerical control direct-drive turntable; the numerical control direct-drive turntable is capable of rotating at a high speed and achieving indexing rotation, high-speed rotation can be set optionally within a range lower than the maximum rotating speed, and rotation at an optional set angle can be achieved under indexing rotation; the equipment is mainly used for machining large disc parts and is capable of turning, milling and drilling simultaneously without tool changing, so that part machining efficiency can be improved effectively.

Description

Turnning and milling bores Combined machining equipment and turnning and milling bores combinational processing method
Technical field
The invention belongs to heavy duty disc class machine components processing technique field, be specifically related to a kind of turnning and milling and bore Combined machining dress Standby and turnning and milling bores combinational processing method.
Background technology
The joint skirt etc. of Large circular disk-like accessory, such as solid propellant rocket, not only needs the face of cylinder and facing Processing, often also needs to the Drilling operation on the Milling Process of grooving and the face of cylinder.Typically, since oversize, these add Work mode cannot realize on traditional turning-milling complex processing lathe.Generally way is: first carry out the face of cylinder at vertical lathe And the turnery processing of end face, then it is transported on planer-type milling machine carry out milling and boring.If needing to carry out wholecircle on the face of cylinder The Milling Process of all equally distributed long slot bores, it is common that increase index dial on planer-type milling machine, carries out indexing milling.
In recent years, the Large circular disk-like accessory of composite is the most more and more applied, and uses above-mentioned processing mode Time, cause working (machining) efficiency low because of complicated technology flow process.Therefore, it is badly in need of a kind of turnning and milling brill group adapting to Large circular disk-like accessory Close process unit, in order to improve working (machining) efficiency.
Summary of the invention
The defect existed for prior art, the present invention provides a kind of turnning and milling to bore Combined machining equipment and turnning and milling bores combination Processing method, can effectively solve the problems referred to above.
The technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
The present invention provides a kind of turnning and milling to bore Combined machining equipment, including: base (1), turnery processing unit (2), boring add Work order unit (3), Milling Process unit (4) and numerical-control direct drive turntable unit (5);Wherein, described turnery processing unit (2), described Drilling operation unit (3) and described Milling Process unit (4) are installed in triangle disposition on described base (1);Described numerical control Directly drive turntable unit (5) to be arranged on described base (1), and be positioned at described turnery processing unit (2), described Drilling operation list Unit (3) and the center of described Milling Process unit (4).
Preferably, described turnery processing unit (2) includes turnery processing basic structure, lathe tool (13) and tool rest (14);
Described Drilling operation unit (3) includes Drilling operation basic structure, boring high-speed electric main shaft (18) and drill bit (19);
Described Milling Process unit (4) includes Milling Process basic structure, milling high-speed electric main shaft and milling cutter (20);
Wherein, described turnery processing basic structure, described Drilling operation basic structure and described Milling Process basic structure Identical, all include: column (6), Z-direction kinematic driving unit and radial motion driver element;Described Z-direction kinematic driving unit and institute State radial motion driver element to be all assemblied on described column (6), for driving lathe tool (13), drill bit (19) or milling cutter respectively (20) Z-direction motion or radial motion are carried out.
Preferably, described Z-direction kinematic driving unit includes: Z-direction feeding guide rail secondary (7), Z-direction movable plate (8), Z-direction feeding Servomotor (15), cog belt (16) and Z-direction feed screw are secondary (17);
Described radial motion driver element includes: radial feed case (9), radial feed screw secondary (10), radial feed are led Rail secondary (11) and radial feed servomotor (12);
Wherein: described Z-direction feeding guide rail secondary (7) has 4, including: before left front Z-direction feeding guide rail is secondary, right, Z-direction feeding is led After rail Z-direction feeding guide rail secondary, left back pair and the right side, Z-direction feeding guide rail is secondary, is distributed in the left and right sides before described column (6) respectively And the left and right sides that described column (6) is below;Each described Z-direction feeding guide rail secondary (7) all includes that Z-direction guide rail, 1Z are to cunning Block and 2Z are to slide block;
Described Z-direction movable plate (8) has two pieces, including: front Z-direction movable plate and rear Z-direction movable plate;Described front Z-direction moves Plate is positioned at before described column (6), and, the two ends up and down on the left of described front Z-direction movable plate are entered with described left front Z-direction respectively Fix to slide block to the 2Z that slide block and described left front Z-direction feeding guide rail are secondary to the 1Z of guideway;Described front Z-direction movable plate is right The two ends up and down of side respectively with the described right side before Z-direction feeding guide rail secondary 1Z Z-direction feeding guide rail before slide block and the described right side secondary 2Z fixes to slide block;Therefore, the left and right sides of described front Z-direction movable plate can be secondary and described along described left front Z-direction feeding guide rail Before right, Z-direction feeding guide rail pair carries out the slip of Z-direction;
Described rear Z-direction movable plate is positioned at after described column (6), and, up and down two on the left of described rear Z-direction movable plate Hold 1Z secondary with described left back Z-direction feeding guide rail respectively to the 2Z of slide block and described left back Z-direction feeding guide rail pair to slide block Fixing;Two ends up and down on the right side of described rear Z-direction movable plate respectively with the described right side after the secondary 1Z of Z-direction feeding guide rail to slide block and institute The 2Z that after stating the right side, Z-direction feeding guide rail is secondary fixes to slide block;Therefore, the left and right sides of described rear Z-direction movable plate can be along a described left side Behind the secondary and described right side of rear Z-direction feeding guide rail, Z-direction feeding guide rail pair carries out the slip of Z-direction;
Described radial feed case (9) is disposed radially, and, before and after described radial feed case (9) two ends respectively with institute State front Z-direction movable plate and described rear Z-direction movable plate connects fixing;
Described Z-direction feed screw secondary (17) has two, secondary including the secondary and right Z-direction feed screw of left Z-direction feed screw;Institute State the secondary nut of left Z-direction feed screw and the secondary nut of described right Z-direction feed screw respectively with the left side of described radial feed case (9) Right two ends are fixed;
Described cog belt (16) has two, the most left cog belt and right left cog belt;Described Z-direction feed servo motor (15) being fixed on described column (6) top, described left cog belt is passed through in the side of described Z-direction feed servo motor (15) output shaft The screw mandrel linkage secondary with described left Z-direction feed screw;The opposite side of described Z-direction feed servo motor (15) output shaft is by described The screw mandrel linkage that right cog belt is secondary with described right Z-direction feed screw;
Described Z-direction feed servo motor (15) drives the screw mandrel of described left Z-direction feed screw pair and described right Z-direction to enter simultaneously Rotate to the screw mandrel of lead screw pair, the rotary motion of described Z-direction feed servo motor (15) output shaft is changed into left Z-direction simultaneously and enters To linear motion and the linear motion of right Z-direction feed screw pair nut of lead screw pair nut;And then the stable described radial direction of drive Feed box (9) along left front Z-direction feeding guide rail, right before behind Z-direction feeding guide rail, left back Z-direction feeding guide rail and the right side Z-direction feeding guide rail enter The elevating movement of row Z-direction;
Additionally, described radial feed guideway (11) totally 2, including: left radial feed guideway and right radial feed are led Rail is secondary, is respectively arranged in the left and right sides on described radial feed case (9) top;
It is internal that described radial feed screw secondary (10) is arranged on described radial feed case (9) by bearing group;Described radial direction Feed servo motor (12) is fixedly mounted on radial feed case (9) rear portion, and secondary with described radial feed screw by shaft coupling (10) screw mandrel linkage;
Thus obtain processing basic structure;
For described turnery processing unit (2), the two ends, left and right of described tool rest (14) are led with described left radial feed respectively Slide block and the slide block of described right radial feed guideway that rail is secondary are fixed, and simultaneously with the spiral shell of described radial feed screw secondary (10) Female fixing connection;Described lathe tool (13) is fixed on before described tool rest (14);Described radial feed servomotor (12) drives The screw mandrel of described radial feed screw secondary (10) rotates, thus the rotation of described radial feed servomotor (12) output shaft is transported The dynamic linear motion being converted into secondary (10) nut of described radial feed screw, and then realize the radial alignment fortune of described lathe tool (13) Dynamic;When the drive described radial feed case (9) that described Z-direction feed servo motor (15) is stable carries out the elevating movement of Z-direction, band Dynamic described lathe tool (13) carries out Z-direction linear motion;
For described Drilling operation unit (3), described boring high-speed electric main shaft (18) has automatic tool changer, described brill Head (19) is installed to described boring high-speed electric main shaft (18) front end by described automatic tool changer;And described boring High-speed Electric master Axle (18) is fixing with the slide block of described radial feed guideway (11) to be connected;Start described boring high-speed electric main shaft (18), drive Described drill bit (19) carries out radial alignment motion;When the described radial feed of drive that described Z-direction feed servo motor (15) is stable When case (9) carries out the elevating movement of Z-direction, described drill bit (19) is driven to carry out Z-direction linear motion;
For described Milling Process unit (4), described milling high-speed electric main shaft has automatic tool changer, described milling cutter (20) it is installed to described milling high-speed electric main shaft front end by automatic tool changer;And described milling high-speed electric main shaft and described footpath The fixing connection of slide block to feeding guide rail secondary (11);Start described milling high-speed electric main shaft, drive described drill cutter (20) to enter Conduct is to linear motion;The drive described radial feed case (9) stable when described Z-direction feed servo motor (15) carries out Z-direction During elevating movement, described milling cutter (20) is driven to carry out Z-direction linear motion.
Preferably, described column (6) uses planer type structure.
Preferably, described numerical-control direct drives turntable unit (5) and includes that turntable transition disc (21), frock (22) and numerical-control direct turn Platform (23);Described turntable transition disc (21) is fixedly installed in described numerical-control direct and turns on the T-slot of platform (23), described frock (22) It is fixed on described turntable transition disc (21) top;When described numerical-control direct turns platform (23) rotation, drive described turntable transition disc (21) rotate, and then drive the parts turn fixing by described frock (22).
The present invention also provides for a kind of turnning and milling applying above-mentioned turnning and milling to bore Combined machining equipment and bores combinational processing method, including Following steps:
Step 1, is fixed on part to be processed on turntable transition disc (21) by frock (22);
Step 2, controller starts numerical-control direct and turns platform (23), when numerical-control direct turns platform (23) rotation, drives turntable transition Dish (21) rotates, and then drives the parts turn fixing by frock (22);During parts turn, add according to presetting Work requirement, control lathe tool (13) carry out Z-direction straight line elevating movement and/or control lathe tool (13) carry out radial alignment motion and/or Control drill bit (19) carries out Z-direction straight line elevating movement and/or control drill bit (19) carries out radial alignment motion and/or controls milling cutter (20) carry out Z-direction straight line elevating movement and/or control milling cutter (20) carries out radial alignment motion, thus realize part is added Work.
The turnning and milling that the present invention provides bores Combined machining equipment and turnning and milling bores combinational processing method and has the advantage that
Turnning and milling, turning, three kinds of processing technique of boring are combined by the present invention.It is effectively increased Large circular disk-like accessory to add Work efficiency rate.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 bores the perspective view of Combined machining equipment for the turnning and milling that the present invention provides;
Fig. 2 is the front view of Fig. 1;
The perspective view of the turnery processing unit that Fig. 3 provides for the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the side view of Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is the front view of Fig. 3;
The perspective view of the Drilling operation unit that Fig. 6 provides for the present invention;
The perspective view of the Milling Process unit that Fig. 7 provides for the present invention;
Fig. 8 drives the perspective view of turntable unit for the numerical-control direct that the present invention provides.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to make technical problem solved by the invention, technical scheme and beneficial effect clearer, below in conjunction with Drawings and Examples, are further elaborated to the present invention.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein only in order to Explain the present invention, be not intended to limit the present invention.
In conjunction with Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, the present invention provides a kind of turnning and milling to bore Combined machining equipment, including: base 1, turnery processing unit 2, Drilling operation unit 3, Milling Process unit 4 and numerical-control direct drive turntable unit 5;Wherein, turnery processing unit 2, Drilling operation Unit 3 and Milling Process unit 4 are installed on base 1 in triangle disposition;Numerical-control direct drive turntable unit 5 be arranged on base 1 it On, and it is positioned at turnery processing unit 2, Drilling operation unit 3 and the center of Milling Process unit 4.
Turnery processing unit 2 as in Figure 3-5, including turnery processing basic structure, lathe tool 13 and tool rest 14;
Drilling operation unit 3 as shown in Figure 6, including Drilling operation basic structure, boring high-speed electric main shaft 18 and drill bit 19;
Milling Process unit 4 is as it is shown in fig. 7, comprises Milling Process basic structure, milling high-speed electric main shaft and milling cutter 20;
Wherein, turnery processing basic structure, Drilling operation basic structure are identical with Milling Process basic structure, all include: Column 6, Z-direction kinematic driving unit and radial motion driver element;Z-direction kinematic driving unit and radial motion driver element all fill It is assigned on column 6, for driving lathe tool 13, drill bit 19 or milling cutter 20 to carry out Z-direction motion or radial motion respectively.
Therefore, processing basic structure is first introduced:
Column 6 uses planer type structure.Z-direction kinematic driving unit includes: Z-direction feeding guide rail pair 7, Z-direction movable plate 8, Z-direction Feed servo motor 15, cog belt 16 and Z-direction feed screw pair 17;
Radial motion driver element includes: radial feed case 9, radial feed screw pair 10, radial feed guideway 11 and Radial feed servomotor 12;
Wherein: Z-direction feeding guide rail pair 7 has 4, before secondary including: left front Z-direction feeding guide rail, right Z-direction feeding guide rail secondary, After left back Z-direction feeding guide rail pair and the right side, Z-direction feeding guide rail is secondary, after being distributed in the left and right sides before column 6 and column 6 respectively The left and right sides in face;Each Z-direction feeding guide rail pair 7 all include Z-direction guide rail, 1Z to slide block and 2Z to slide block;
Z-direction movable plate 8 has two pieces, including: front Z-direction movable plate and rear Z-direction movable plate;Front Z-direction movable plate is positioned at column 6 Before, and, secondary with the left front Z-direction feeding guide rail respectively 1Z in the two ends up and down on the left of front Z-direction movable plate is to slide block and a left side The 2Z of front Z-direction feeding guide rail pair fixes to slide block;Two ends up and down on the right side of front Z-direction movable plate respectively with the right side before Z-direction feeding lead The 1Z 2Z that Z-direction feeding guide rail is secondary before slide block and the right side of rail pair fixes to slide block;Therefore, the left and right two of front Z-direction movable plate Side can carry out the slip of Z-direction along Z-direction feeding guide rail pair before left front Z-direction feeding guide rail pair and the right side;
Rear Z-direction movable plate is positioned at after column 6, and, the two ends up and down on the left of rear Z-direction movable plate respectively with left back Z The 1Z secondary to feeding guide rail fixes to slide block to the 2Z that slide block and left back Z-direction feeding guide rail are secondary;On the right side of rear Z-direction movable plate Up and down two ends respectively with the right side after the secondary 1Z 2Z that Z-direction feeding guide rail is secondary after slide block and the right side of Z-direction feeding guide rail solid to slide block Fixed;Therefore, the left and right sides of rear Z-direction movable plate can carry out Z-direction along Z-direction feeding guide rail pair after left back Z-direction feeding guide rail pair and the right side Slip;
Radial feed case 9 is disposed radially, and, before and after radial feed case 9 two ends respectively with front Z-direction movable plate and after Z-direction movable plate connects fixing;
Z-direction feed screw pair 17 has two, secondary including the secondary and right Z-direction feed screw of left Z-direction feed screw;Left Z-direction is entered To the secondary nut of the nut of lead screw pair and right Z-direction feed screw, two ends, left and right with radial feed case 9 are fixed respectively;
Cog belt 16 has two, the most left cog belt and right left cog belt;Z-direction feed servo motor 15 is fixed on vertical Post 6 top, is linked by the screw mandrel that left cog belt and left Z-direction feed screw are secondary in the side of Z-direction feed servo motor 15 output shaft; The opposite side of Z-direction feed servo motor 15 output shaft is linked by the screw mandrel that right cog belt and right Z-direction feed screw are secondary;
Z-direction feed servo motor 15 drives the screw mandrel of left Z-direction feed screw pair and the screw mandrel that right Z-direction feed screw is secondary simultaneously Rotate, the rotary motion of Z-direction feed servo motor 15 output shaft is changed into the straight line fortune of left Z-direction feed screw pair nut simultaneously The dynamic linear motion with right Z-direction feed screw pair nut;And then stable drive radial feed case 9 along left front Z-direction feeding guide rail, Before right, behind Z-direction feeding guide rail, left back Z-direction feeding guide rail and the right side, Z-direction feeding guide rail carries out the elevating movement of Z-direction;
Additionally, radial feed guideway 11 totally 2, including: left radial feed guideway and right radial feed guideway, point It is not installed on the left and right sides on radial feed case 9 top;
It is internal that radial feed screw secondary 10 is arranged on radial feed case 9 by bearing group;Radial feed servomotor 12 is solid Dingan County is contained in radial feed case 9 rear portion, and is linked by the screw mandrel of shaft coupling with radial feed screw pair 10;
Thus obtain processing basic structure;
For turnery processing unit 2, the two ends, left and right of tool rest 14 respectively with slide block and the right footpath of left radial feed guideway The slide block secondary to feeding guide rail is fixed, and simultaneously fixing with the nut of radial feed screw pair 10 is connected;Lathe tool 13 is fixed on cutter Before seat 14;Radial feed servomotor 12 drives the screw mandrel of radial feed screw pair 10 to rotate, thus is watched by radial feed Take the linear motion that convert rotational motion is secondary 10 nuts of radial feed screw of motor 12 output shaft, and then realize lathe tool 13 Radial alignment is moved;
When the drive radial feed case 9 that Z-direction feed servo motor 15 is stable carries out the elevating movement of Z-direction, drive lathe tool 13 carry out Z-direction linear motion;
For Drilling operation unit 3, boring high-speed electric main shaft 18 has automatic tool changer, and drill bit 19 passes through automatic tool changer Mechanism is installed to high-speed electric main shaft 18 front end of holing;And the slide block of hole high-speed electric main shaft 18 and radial feed guideway 11 is fixed Connect;Start boring high-speed electric main shaft 18, drive drill bit 19 to carry out radial alignment motion;When Z-direction feed servo motor 15 is stable When driving radial feed case 9 to carry out the elevating movement of Z-direction, drive drill bit 19 to carry out Z-direction linear motion;
For Milling Process unit 4, milling high-speed electric main shaft has automatic tool changer, and milling cutter 20 passes through automatic cutter changing machine Structure is installed to milling high-speed electric main shaft front end;And milling high-speed electric main shaft is fixed with the slide block of radial feed guideway 11 and is connected; Start milling high-speed electric main shaft, drive drill cutter 20 to carry out radial alignment motion;When the band that Z-direction feed servo motor 15 is stable Radius vector, when feed box 9 carries out the elevating movement of Z-direction, drives milling cutter 20 to carry out Z-direction linear motion.
Numerical-control direct drives the structure of turntable unit 5 as shown in Figure 8, turns including turntable transition disc 21, frock 22 and numerical-control direct Platform 23;Turntable transition disc 21 is fixedly installed in numerical-control direct and turns on the T-slot of platform 23, and frock 22 is fixed on turntable transition disc 21 Portion;Numerical-control direct turns platform 23 when rotating, and drives turntable transition disc 21 to rotate, and then drives and turned by the fixing part of frock 22 Dynamic.
The present invention also provides for a kind of turnning and milling applying above-mentioned turnning and milling to bore Combined machining equipment and bores combinational processing method, including Following steps:
Step 1, is fixed on part to be processed on turntable transition disc 21 by frock 22;
Step 2, controller starts numerical-control direct and turns platform 23, and numerical-control direct turns platform 23 when rotating, and drives turntable transition disc 21 Rotate, and then drive by the fixing parts turn of frock 22;During parts turn, according to presetting processing request, Control lathe tool 13 carries out Z-direction straight line elevating movement and/or control lathe tool 13 carries out radial alignment motion and/or control drill bit 19 enters Row Z-direction straight line elevating movement and/or control drill bit 19 carry out radial alignment motion and/or control milling cutter 20 carries out Z-direction straight line liter Fall motion and/or control milling cutter 20 carry out radial alignment motion, thus realize the processing to part.
The turnning and milling that the present invention provides bores Combined machining equipment and turnning and milling bores combinational processing method and has the advantage that
1. turnning and milling, turning, three kinds of processing technique of boring are combined by the present invention, efficiently solve Large circular disk-like accessory The problem that working (machining) efficiency is low.
2. milling unit uses high-speed electric main shaft, and the burr of the Large circular disk-like accessory that can effectively solve composite is asked Topic, can be effectively improved the Milling Process quality of complex class part.
3. turntable uses numerical-control direct to turn platform, not only can realize high-speed rotation during turnery processing, it is possible to realize milling, brill Indexing during hole machined rotates, and has the advantages that velocity of rotation is high, indexing degree of accuracy is high, can effectively solve traditional vehicle milling combination and add Construction equipment turntable can not be provided simultaneously with high rotating speed, the problem of accurately indexing, so that the present invention can be effectively improved milling and boring The precision of processing.
4. all motors of the present invention all use servomotor, and guideway uses linear rolling guide, and lead screw pair uses rolling Ballscrew is secondary, and the above has, and controllable precision is high, be easily installed, feature that maintainability is excellent, makes Large circular disk-like accessory The quality of processing is ensured to greatest extent.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for the ordinary skill people of the art For Yuan, under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention, it is also possible to make some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications also should Depending on protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a turnning and milling bores Combined machining equipment, it is characterised in that including: base (1), turnery processing unit (2), Drilling operation Unit (3), Milling Process unit (4) and numerical-control direct drive turntable unit (5);Wherein, described turnery processing unit (2), described brill Hole machined unit (3) and described Milling Process unit (4) are installed in triangle disposition on described base (1);Described numerical-control direct Drive turntable unit (5) to be arranged on described base (1), and be positioned at described turnery processing unit (2), described Drilling operation unit And the center of described Milling Process unit (4) (3).
Turnning and milling the most according to claim 1 bores Combined machining equipment, it is characterised in that described turnery processing unit (2) is wrapped Include turnery processing basic structure, lathe tool (13) and tool rest (14);
Described Drilling operation unit (3) includes Drilling operation basic structure, boring high-speed electric main shaft (18) and drill bit (19);
Described Milling Process unit (4) includes Milling Process basic structure, milling high-speed electric main shaft and milling cutter (20);
Wherein, described turnery processing basic structure, described Drilling operation basic structure are identical with described Milling Process basic structure, All include: column (6), Z-direction kinematic driving unit and radial motion driver element;Described Z-direction kinematic driving unit and described footpath All it is assemblied on described column (6) to kinematic driving unit, for driving lathe tool (13), drill bit (19) or milling cutter (20) to enter respectively The motion of row Z-direction or radial motion.
Turnning and milling the most according to claim 1 bores Combined machining equipment, it is characterised in that described Z-direction kinematic driving unit bag Include: Z-direction feeding guide rail secondary (7), Z-direction movable plate (8), Z-direction feed servo motor (15), cog belt (16) and Z-direction feed screw Secondary (17);
Described radial motion driver element includes: radial feed case (9), radial feed screw secondary (10), radial feed guideway And radial feed servomotor (12) (11);
Wherein: described Z-direction feeding guide rail secondary (7) has 4, including Z-direction feeding guide rail before left front Z-direction feeding guide rail is secondary, right Z-direction feeding guide rail secondary, left back is secondary and behind the right side Z-direction feeding guide rail secondary, be distributed in respectively the left and right sides before described column (6) with And the left and right sides that described column (6) is below;Each described Z-direction feeding guide rail secondary (7) all includes that Z-direction guide rail, 1Z are to slide block With 2Z to slide block;
Described Z-direction movable plate (8) has two pieces, including: front Z-direction movable plate and rear Z-direction movable plate;Described front Z-direction movable plate position Before described column (6), and, the two ends up and down on the left of described front Z-direction movable plate are led with described left front Z-direction feeding respectively The 1Z of rail pair fixes to slide block to the 2Z that slide block and described left front Z-direction feeding guide rail are secondary;On the right side of described front Z-direction movable plate Up and down two ends respectively with the described right side before the secondary 1Z 2Z that Z-direction feeding guide rail is secondary before slide block and the described right side of Z-direction feeding guide rail Fix to slide block;Therefore, the left and right sides of described front Z-direction movable plate can be along Z before the described secondary and described right side of left front Z-direction feeding guide rail The slip of Z-direction is carried out to feeding guide rail pair;
Described rear Z-direction movable plate is positioned at after described column (6), and, the two ends up and down on the left of described rear Z-direction movable plate are divided Not secondary with described left back Z-direction feeding guide rail 1Z fixes to slide block to the 2Z that slide block and described left back Z-direction feeding guide rail are secondary; Two ends up and down on the right side of described rear Z-direction movable plate respectively with the described right side after the secondary 1Z of Z-direction feeding guide rail to slide block and the described right side The 2Z of rear Z-direction feeding guide rail pair fixes to slide block;Therefore, the left and right sides of described rear Z-direction movable plate can be along described left back Z-direction Behind the secondary and described right side of feeding guide rail, Z-direction feeding guide rail pair carries out the slip of Z-direction;
Described radial feed case (9) is disposed radially, and, before and after described radial feed case (9) two ends respectively with described front Z Connect fixing to movable plate and described rear Z-direction movable plate;
Described Z-direction feed screw secondary (17) has two, secondary including the secondary and right Z-direction feed screw of left Z-direction feed screw;A described left side Nut that Z-direction feed screw is secondary and the secondary nut of described right Z-direction feed screw respectively with the left and right two of described radial feed case (9) End is fixing;
Described cog belt (16) has two, the most left cog belt and right left cog belt;Described Z-direction feed servo motor (15) Being fixed on described column (6) top, described left cog belt and institute are passed through in the side of described Z-direction feed servo motor (15) output shaft State the screw mandrel linkage that left Z-direction feed screw is secondary;The opposite side of described Z-direction feed servo motor (15) output shaft passes through described right tooth The screw mandrel linkage that shape band is secondary with described right Z-direction feed screw;
Described Z-direction feed servo motor (15) drives the screw mandrel of described left Z-direction feed screw pair and described right Z-direction feeding silk simultaneously The screw mandrel rotation that thick stick is secondary, is changed into left Z-direction feeding silk by the rotary motion of described Z-direction feed servo motor (15) output shaft simultaneously The linear motion of thick stick pair nut and the linear motion of right Z-direction feed screw pair nut;And then the stable described radial feed of drive Case (9) along left front Z-direction feeding guide rail, right before behind Z-direction feeding guide rail, left back Z-direction feeding guide rail and the right side Z-direction feeding guide rail carry out Z To elevating movement;
Additionally, described radial feed guideway (11) totally 2, including: left radial feed guideway and right radial feed guideway, It is respectively arranged in the left and right sides on described radial feed case (9) top;
It is internal that described radial feed screw secondary (10) is arranged on described radial feed case (9) by bearing group;Described radial feed Servomotor (12) is fixedly mounted on radial feed case (9) rear portion, and secondary (10) with described radial feed screw by shaft coupling Screw mandrel linkage;
Thus obtain processing basic structure;
For described turnery processing unit (2), the two ends, left and right of described tool rest (14) respectively with described left radial feed guideway Slide block and the slide block of described right radial feed guideway fix, and simultaneously solid with the nut of described radial feed screw secondary (10) Fixed connection;Described lathe tool (13) is fixed on before described tool rest (14);Described radial feed servomotor (12) drives described The screw mandrel of radial feed screw secondary (10) rotates, thus the rotary motion of described radial feed servomotor (12) output shaft is turned Turn to the linear motion of secondary (10) nut of described radial feed screw, and then realize the radial alignment motion of described lathe tool (13); When the drive described radial feed case (9) that described Z-direction feed servo motor (15) is stable carries out the elevating movement of Z-direction, drive Described lathe tool (13) carries out Z-direction linear motion;
For described Drilling operation unit (3), described boring high-speed electric main shaft (18) has automatic tool changer, described drill bit (19) it is installed to described boring high-speed electric main shaft (18) front end by described automatic tool changer;And described boring high-speed electric main shaft (18) fixing with the slide block of described radial feed guideway (11) it is connected;Start described boring high-speed electric main shaft (18), drive institute State drill bit (19) and carry out radial alignment motion;When the drive described radial feed case that described Z-direction feed servo motor (15) is stable (9), when carrying out the elevating movement of Z-direction, described drill bit (19) is driven to carry out Z-direction linear motion;
For described Milling Process unit (4), described milling high-speed electric main shaft has automatic tool changer, and described milling cutter (20) leads to Cross automatic tool changer and be installed to described milling high-speed electric main shaft front end;And described milling high-speed electric main shaft and described radial feed The slide block of guideway (11) is fixing to be connected;Start described milling high-speed electric main shaft, drive described drill cutter (20) to carry out radially Linear motion;When the drive described radial feed case (9) that described Z-direction feed servo motor (15) is stable carries out the lifting fortune of Z-direction Time dynamic, described milling cutter (20) is driven to carry out Z-direction linear motion.
Turnning and milling the most according to claim 2 bores Combined machining equipment, it is characterised in that described column (6) uses planer-type Structure.
Turnning and milling the most according to claim 1 bores Combined machining equipment, it is characterised in that described numerical-control direct drives turntable unit (5) include that turntable transition disc (21), frock (22) and numerical-control direct turn platform (23);Described turntable transition disc (21) is fixedly installed in Described numerical-control direct turns on the T-slot of platform (23), and described frock (22) is fixed on described turntable transition disc (21) top;Described number When control directly turns platform (23) rotation, drive described turntable transition disc (21) to rotate, and then drive by described frock (22) fixing Parts turn.
6. the turnning and milling applying the turnning and milling described in claim 2 to bore Combined machining equipment bores a combinational processing method, and its feature exists In, comprise the following steps:
Step 1, is fixed on part to be processed on turntable transition disc (21) by frock (22);
Step 2, controller starts numerical-control direct and turns platform (23), when numerical-control direct turns platform (23) rotation, drives turntable transition disc (21) rotate, and then drive the parts turn fixing by frock (22);During parts turn, according to presetting processing Requirement, control lathe tool (13) carries out Z-direction straight line elevating movement and/or control lathe tool (13) carries out radial alignment motion and/or control Drill bit processed (19) carries out Z-direction straight line elevating movement and/or control drill bit (19) carries out radial alignment motion and/or controls milling cutter (20) carry out Z-direction straight line elevating movement and/or control milling cutter (20) carries out radial alignment motion, thus realize part is added Work.
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CN111745227A (en) * 2020-07-16 2020-10-09 徐绍波 Numerical control multi-cutter movable efficient gear milling machine
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CN107498310A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-12-22 张志通 A kind of Numerical control multifunctional compound machine tool
IT201800004266A1 (en) * 2018-04-06 2019-10-06 Valter Ferlin DRILLING UNIT AND CONTEMPORARY MILLING ON A SINGLE ELEMENT, PARTICULARLY BUT NOT EXCLUSIVELY IN THE SECTOR OF MOLDS PRODUCTION FOR PLASTIC MATERIALS
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CN111331373B (en) * 2020-02-25 2021-08-20 上海航天精密机械研究所 Automatic drilling and riveting equipment suitable for short shell of carrier rocket
CN111745228A (en) * 2020-07-16 2020-10-09 徐绍波 Numerical control multi-cutter movable universal gear milling machine
CN111745227A (en) * 2020-07-16 2020-10-09 徐绍波 Numerical control multi-cutter movable efficient gear milling machine
CN111975366A (en) * 2020-07-20 2020-11-24 黄朋飞 Automatic numerical control double-end of control mills and bores integrative compounding machine
CN111975366B (en) * 2020-07-20 2022-01-04 黄朋飞 Automatic numerical control double-end of control mills and bores integrative compounding machine

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