CN106278383B - A method of manufacture surface has Z-Correct bump mapping Z-correct Ceramic Tiles - Google Patents

A method of manufacture surface has Z-Correct bump mapping Z-correct Ceramic Tiles Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106278383B
CN106278383B CN201610641042.2A CN201610641042A CN106278383B CN 106278383 B CN106278383 B CN 106278383B CN 201610641042 A CN201610641042 A CN 201610641042A CN 106278383 B CN106278383 B CN 106278383B
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correct
charity
adobe
frit
binder
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CN106278383A (en
Inventor
邓荣
吴则昌
吴志坚
范新晖
何赞昌
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Foshan Shiwan Eagle Brand Ceramics Co Ltd
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Foshan Shiwan Eagle Brand Ceramics Co Ltd
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/80After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone of only ceramics
    • C04B41/81Coating or impregnation
    • C04B41/85Coating or impregnation with inorganic materials
    • C04B41/86Glazes; Cold glazes
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C8/00Enamels; Glazes; Fusion seal compositions being frit compositions having non-frit additions
    • C03C8/02Frit compositions, i.e. in a powdered or comminuted form
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/45Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements
    • C04B41/50Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements with inorganic materials
    • C04B41/5022Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements with inorganic materials with vitreous materials
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/45Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements
    • C04B41/52Multiple coating or impregnating multiple coating or impregnating with the same composition or with compositions only differing in the concentration of the constituents, is classified as single coating or impregnation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/80After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone of only ceramics
    • C04B41/81Coating or impregnation
    • C04B41/89Coating or impregnation for obtaining at least two superposed coatings having different compositions

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of methods that manufacture surface has Z-Correct bump mapping Z-correct Ceramic Tiles, comprising the following steps: (1) in the part of the surface charity binder of adobe;(2) in the adobe surface charity frit granules of charity binder;(3) the unglued frit granules in adobe surface are blown away after drying;(4) polishing and edging processing are carried out after being burnt into, and obtain the Ceramic Tiles that surface has Z-Correct bump mapping Z-correct.After the present invention carries out viscous stick to the frit granules on base brick by using adhesive, by blowing processing not by stick frit granules blow off, the Ceramic Tiles of uneven texture needed for calcining polishing obtains, preparation method of the invention, easy to operate, raw material is easy to get, low in cost, process controllability is strong, is suitble to the ceramic tile production market demand.

Description

A method of manufacture surface has Z-Correct bump mapping Z-correct Ceramic Tiles
Technical field
The present invention relates to ceramic tile production technical fields more particularly to a kind of manufacture surface to have Z-Correct bump mapping Z-correct Ceramic Tiles Method.
Background technique
With the continuous improvement of people's living standards, people are also higher and higher for the cosmetic requirement of architectural pottery, The ceramic tile decoration demand people in the places such as household especially like in styles such as partially natural stone of marble, if but using Dali The manufacture of the materials such as stone is laid at brick, is all the more people of consume either in material exploitation or manufacture brick aspect Power material resources, it is expensive.
Simultaneously because architectural pottery market competition is growing more intense, producer is reducing cost, is increasing to extend volume growth While product pattern, the comparison also put into terms of high-tech product more (such as current underglaze colour glazed tiles, inkjet printing Etc. products such as secondary burning crystallite composite bricks), the product technology comparative maturity, but production cost is still higher, and finished product cannot Reach the texture or concave-convex effect of stone material.
It is low that a kind of production cost how is produced as a result, and there is leather in terms of space of a whole page pattern texture, material and production technology The ceramic brick product of the parian surface irregularity of the breakthrough of life property is the hot issue of Building Ceramics Industry concern.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to aiming at the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of manufacture surface to have Z-Correct bump mapping Z-correct The method of Ceramic Tiles, preparation process is easy, low production cost, the striped color and concave-convex surface of the prepared Ceramic Tiles come out Uneven unanimous on the whole with stone of marble, simulated effect is high.
To achieve this purpose, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme:
A method of manufacture surface has Z-Correct bump mapping Z-correct Ceramic Tiles, includes the following steps:
(1) in the part of the surface charity binder of adobe;
(2) in the adobe surface charity frit granules of charity binder;
(3) the unglued frit granules in adobe surface are blown away after drying;
(4) polishing and edging processing are carried out after being burnt into, and obtain the Ceramic Tiles that surface has Z-Correct bump mapping Z-correct.
In the prior art, to obtain the Ceramic Tiles with Z-Correct bump mapping Z-correct, the method generallyd use is using modes such as punching presses Z-Correct bump mapping Z-correct is obtained in brick face, but the Z-Correct bump mapping Z-correct that this mode obtains is more single.And the solution of the present invention, using in adobe Part of the surface charity binder mode, then charity frit granules, have the position of binder that will will melt in charity in this way Block is adhesively fixed, and the position of non-charity binder, frit only dispense in adobe surface, are not adhesively fixed.Blowing can incite somebody to action The frit granules of these unglued fixations are blown away, and retain the part of bonding, so after sintering, remain with the part of frit granules It will form raised textural, will form natural Z-Correct bump mapping Z-correct in brick face in this way, after polishing and edging is processed, can be obtained into Product.
It further explains, the charity mode of charity binder is silk screen printing, roller printing and spray in the step (1) At least one of ink printing.Using can be such that the binder shape of charity can control with upper type, it can form decoration Pattern.Here binder is relatively conventional in the art, is typically the organic matter or its solution of viscosity, such as contains carboxylic first Explanation is not developed in details because its is relatively conventional in aqueous solution, stamp-pad ink of base cellulose etc. here.
It further explains, the adobe is that have the imitation stone adobe of the embedded texture of entire body, on the adobe surface Protection glaze has been applied, there is decorative decalcomania on the protection glaze surface, the binder charity is on decalcomania. It is in order to obtain the grain effect with natural marble, because obtaining this using the imitation stone adobe with the embedded texture of entire body The mode and technique of kind texture are common technology in the industry, such as can be obtained using multiple color powder using magic distributing technique Obtain corresponding green body.Applying protection glaze in billet surface can make decalcomania relatively sharp.Protecting glaze is well known with compared with Gao Bai The covering glaze of degree.
It further explains, the fineness of the frit granules is 100 mesh to 250 mesh.Using the frit granules of the above fineness Primarily to facilitate in subsequent processing will for bonding frit granules removal, for example, by using the mode blown away can to avoid because The frit that wind speed crosses senior general bonding part can also be blown away.
It further explains, also charity has a protective layer between the decalcomania and binder, and the protective layer is Clear frit or transparent ink.Protective layer main function is protected to decalcomania, avoids binder and frit granules to print The destruction of flower layer, can be clear frit or transparent ink, and clear frit mentioned here or transparent ink refer to that after it burns be in saturating Bright shape or can burn up does not remain.
It further explains, the frit granules are transparent frit particle, according to the number of parts by weight, including such as the following group Point: Al2O3: 10-20 parts, SiO2: 55-60 parts, CaO:12-18 parts, K2O:3-5 parts, MgO:5-12 parts and Ba2O3: 4-10 parts.This Frit is high calcareous frit, and magnesium therein and barium can make it have more preferable elasticity and wear-resisting property, and this proportion Frit, the viscosity with higher at 1150-1250 DEG C under Ceramic Tiles sintering temperature, therefore it will not be spread to entire brick face, because This Acacia crassicarpaA is more preferably.
It further explains, the charity of the frit granules is with a thickness of 0.5-2mm.This thickness is selected, is mainly considered The effect of Z-Correct bump mapping Z-correct, excessively thin bumps texture is poor, and blocked up, then is easy drawout, concave-convex texture can also be made to be deteriorated.
It further explains, on adobe surface, thickness of the protective layer in the position of charity binder is greater than no cloth Apply the thickness of the position of binder.It is so selected, mainly for because there is the position of frit in high-temperature sintering process It can melt, also can be mutually warm with protective layer, in this fusion process, the thickness of protective layer is variant, contacts in the two Angle of wetting on face can inhibit frit melt after spread out.
It further explains, the angle on the surface of the wind direction and adobe charity frit of blowing described in step (3) is less than etc. In 20 ° this mainly consider blowing effect, if wind direction is vertical with adobe, wind-force pushes frit, it is difficult to blow away.
It further explains, the blow-time of monolithic adobe is 2-4 seconds.
The present invention by using adhesive to the frit granules on base brick carry out it is viscous glutinous after, by blowing processing not sticked Frit granules blow off, the Ceramic Tiles of uneven texture needed for calcining polishing obtains, in the green body body prepared and table The color and vein in face with it is marmorean unanimous on the whole, and there is the rough natural effect of marble surface on surface, it appears more from It is so beautiful, it is suitble to the ceramic tile production market demand.
Preparation method of the invention, easy to operate, raw material is easy to get, low in cost, and process controllability is strong, can produce State parian surface irregularity all-body tile.
Specific embodiment
The present invention program is described in detail below by some specific embodiments.Those skilled in the art should manage Solution, it is following to be embodied as preferred embodiment, only the present invention program is explained, and wherein might have to known skill The appropriate omission of art, those skilled in the art should understand the present invention in conjunction with the explanation of well-known technique and embodiment.
A method of manufacture surface has Z-Correct bump mapping Z-correct Ceramic Tiles, includes the following steps:
Step 1, the part of the surface charity binder in adobe;
Adobe is prepared using well known ceramic raw material, the ceramic raw material that the adobe of this programme uses is washing white clay, cunning These four mud sand material of stone mud, Dongxing sand and high alumina potassium sand are prepared for primary raw material, these components are the mud in nature Sand.
The adobe of this programme in parts by weight, including following component: Al2O315-22 parts, SiO2 60-70 Part, Fe2O30.2-1.0 parts, TiO20.01-0.08 parts, 0.1-0.3 parts of CaO, K22-5 parts of O, 0.1-1 parts of MgO and Na2O 2-5 parts.
It should be noted that only making exemplary illustration here, the raw material and chemical constituent of adobe can be due to the places of production or product type It is slightly different, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that well known Ceramic Tiles adobe formula is applicable to the present invention program.
Specific step is as follows for step 1:
1.1, washing white clay, talcum mud, Dongxing sand and high alumina potassium sand are subjected to mixing outfit, mixture A are obtained, described in Mixture A, water, sodium carboxymethylcellulose and sodium tripolyphosphate are added in ball mill after progress mixed grinding 12-13 hours, obtain Slurry obtains mill base B by addition industrial chemicals toning;
1.2, mill base B injection is in the spray drying tower dried it, is granulated, colorant C is obtained, different colours Colorant C is added press machine and carries out cloth, punch forming, drying process, obtains adobe D;
In general, can test to each processing step in specific production, and appropriate adjustment is carried out, is with this programme Example, in production, it usually needs pay attention to the following: (1), by the slurry after above-mentioned deployed ball milling, being detected its slurry properties Whether production requirement can be met;
(2), it if it does not meet the requirements, is handled according to different condition using distinct methods, slurry is made to meet production requirement;
(3) if, slurry meet production requirement, the chemical industry colorant is added to slurry and mixes colours, the color tune of slurry At the color for the marble surface for conforming to production.
Production requirement mentioned here is allowed to the internal control index of technique, relates generally to the fineness of slurry, specific gravity, flow velocity etc., Because being above conventional treatment mode, here without being described in detail.
1.3, protection glaze has been applied on the surface adobe D, it is ink-jet printed, so that there is decorative print on the protection glaze surface Floral pattern;
1.4, continue a charity protective layer in adobe, the protective layer is clear frit or transparent ink;
Note: the transparent ink that this programme uses is the light ink of market sale, and the main function of light ink is: protection Pattern after ink-jet printed does not allow subsequent process to influence decalcomania.
1.5, in the part of the surface charity binder of adobe;Note: binder is the glue ink of commercial type, is had significant Viscous glutinous effect;The main function of binder is: in order to want the frit granules of charity to be sticky in adobe process below.When So, binder here can also be selected such as carboxymethyl cellulose aqueous solution, it is well known to be played bonding, and be burnt into Binder in journey to printed layer and frit without Special Influence is applicable.
From step 1.4 and 1.5, the present invention sprays binder and transparent ink using ink-jet mode, specific according to design It is required that as follows:
(1), spray transparent ink is on the surface of adobe, it is desirable that has transparent ink, but the different location of adobe after sprinkling Transparent ink amount it is different, some position quantities are few, some position quantities are more;
(2), continue to spray binder on the adobe surface sprayed after transparent ink, it is desirable that do not spray the few position of transparent ink amount Binder is sprayed in binder, the position more than transparent ink amount.
Step 2, the adobe surface charity frit granules in charity binder;The frit granules are carried out using waterfall type Cloth.
Using the cloth of the waterfall type, effect cloth as waterfall, concrete mode is to be arranged on the source of equipment There is switch, allows its per quarter to flow out frit granules of equivalent, the frit granules are to charity is carried out in adobe, so that the frit Grain is distributed relatively uniform smooth.
The unglued frit granules in adobe surface are blown away after step 3, drying;
Detailed process are as follows: since binder is not sprayed in some positions on the surface of adobe, frit granules will not glue glutinous On the position of no spray binder, however the frit granules are then clung in the place for having sprayed binder, by hair dryer to base The surface of brick is blowed, and the frit granules being not bonded on adobe surface can be blown off after blowing.
Polishing and edging processing are carried out after step 4, firing, the Ceramic Tiles that surface has Z-Correct bump mapping Z-correct are obtained, as warp Gained adobe is dried, obtains the Ceramic Tiles of required Z-Correct bump mapping Z-correct after high-temperature calcination and polishing process after above-mentioned steps.
The present invention through the above steps, using in the viscous glutinous frit granules in base brick part charity binder part, passes through blowing The frit granules that do not cling are blown away, the adobe surface of uneven texture is formed, required marble grain can be obtained in firing Color, rough surface effect.
It further explains, the charity mode of charity binder is silk screen printing, roller printing and ink-jet in the step 1 At least one of printing.
Silk screen printing belongs to orifice plate printing, makes binder that can be transferred to brick by the eyelet of orifice plate by certain pressure On base, it is suitble to small lot operation;Using roller print it is efficient and convenient, be evenly distributed, energy consumption is longer, inkjet printing using spray head from Binder is drawn on microwell plate to move back to in adobe, and binder is ejected on adobe surface by injector, which behaviour It is simple to make process, operating speed block is cheap, and above-mentioned three kinds of charity modes can need to make a choice according to production technology.
It further explains, the adobe is that have the imitation stone adobe of the embedded texture of entire body, on the adobe surface Applied protection glaze, the protection glaze surface have decorative decalcomania, the binder charity on decalcomania, In order to obtain color grain effect natural on marble to adobe surface, pattern is richer.
It further explains, the fineness of the frit granules is 100 mesh to 250 mesh.Using the frit granules of different fineness Charity is carried out, mobility and ductility during charity generate different effect, and the fineness of the frit granules is got over Carefully, mobility is better, and frit granules are spread around, causes the range of charity bigger;Compared with the big frit granules of fineness, The height of same time upper cloth, the small frit granules accumulation of fineness is not comparatively high.The fineness of the frit granules is 100 In mesh to the value range of 250 mesh, so that adobe formation Z-Correct bump mapping Z-correct effect is finer and smoother, more vividly.
It further explains, also charity has a protective layer between the decalcomania and binder, and the protective layer is Clear frit or transparent ink.The decalcomania of adobe, avoids subsequent handling from destroying in the protective layer energy effective protection step 1.3 Pattern.
It further explains, the chemical component of the protection glaze includes SiO2、Al2O3、CaO、MgO、ZnO、K2O、Na2O and ZrO2One or more combinations.The protection glaze is to be uniformly mixed to form according to formula rate, to the dry entire body base The mode that the surface of body applies ground coat enamel is to dip in glaze, swing glaze, pour glaze, brushing glazing, spill glaze and drench the one of which in glaze.
It can be seen that protection glaze is clear frit by the above component raw material, this is because there is printed layer under it, right Answering the known clear frit in firing temperature section may be selected, and only provide the example of a component here, those skilled in the art can To be selected according to actual process demand.
The present invention is leaching glaze by the way of, it can obtain the uniform effect of glaze layer in a short time;Waterfall process simultaneously The special-effect with sense of movement can be more produced, several different color glaze under drenching on base brick reach casual nature of following one's inclinations Effect.
It further explains, the frit granules are transparent frit particle, according to the number of parts by weight, including such as the following group Point: Al2O3: 10-20 parts, SiO2: 55-60 parts, CaO:12-18 parts, K2O:3-5 parts, MgO:5-12 parts and Ba2O3: 4-10 parts.
The frit granules are fritted glaze, and fritted glaze is prepared as the raw material of fritted glaze to weigh in proportion, and mixing is equal It after even, is thrown into Cinker clew furnace or crucible, carries out rapidly putting into water the molten of frustillatum of quenching after glass metal is made in melting Block obtains frit granules by broken sieving, however frit raw material is generally potassium feldspar well-known to those skilled in the art, sodium Feldspar, dolomite, lime stone, sodium carbonate, aluminium oxide etc..
It further explains, the charity of the frit granules is with a thickness of 0.5-2mm.To described in adobe charity different-thickness Frit granules form the protrusion of different-thickness, and with the adobe position for not having the frit granules, raised concave surface is formed after firing Uneven visual effect, then frit granules thickness size directly affects the rub proofness of the convex block on brick surface, If brick upper protruding block thickness is big, the surface of Ceramic Tiles is more wear resistant, and vice versa.
It further explains, on adobe surface, thickness of the protective layer in the position of charity binder is greater than no cloth Apply the thickness of the position of binder.Position according to the requirement of spray transparent ink amount, on the surface of adobe, more than transparent ink amount Ability charity binder measures few position not charity binder.
It further explains, the wind direction of blowing described in step 3 and the angle on the surface of adobe charity frit are less than or equal to 20 °, guarantee that the wind power energy of the blowing is blown away glutinous frit granules are not glued, while excessive wind-force handle being avoided to have binder It glues glutinous frit granules to blow away together, realizes effectively blowing.
It further explains, the blow-time of monolithic adobe is 2-4 seconds, realizes quickly blowing, efficiently blows away the frit Particle, also there are the frit granules unglued dose of position after avoiding adobe from completing blowing process, and enhancing forms adobe recessed The surface effect of convex not gentle uniqueness more straggly.
Embodiment 1:
The present embodiment provides a kind of manufacture surfaces to have Z-Correct bump mapping Z-correct Ceramic Tiles, comprising the following steps:
Step 1: preparation adobe.Weighing material by mass percentage, specifically, washing white clay 14%, talcum mud 2%, east The above material is added water mixing and ball milling, the chemical constituent of material are as follows: Al by emerging sand 36% and high alumina potassium sand 48%2O3: 15-22 parts; SiO2: 60-70 parts;Fe2O3: 0.2-1.0 parts;TiO2: 0.01-0.08 parts;CaO:0.1-0.3 parts;K2O:2-5 parts;MgO:0.1-1 Part;Na2O:2-5 parts.Well known sodium carboxymethylcellulose and sodium tripolyphosphate are also suitably added in material, the former is to improve object The moulding of material, the latter are that the mud after making ball milling has preferable thixotropy, are easy to save use, certainly, other additives (such as water-reducing agent) can also be properly added.In order to obtain the raw material with certain color, can be added in material corresponding Body stain, such as iron oxide, titanium oxide, manganese red, chrome green, cobalt black etc., with specific reference to the design of actual green body texture color Difference, these are content known in this field, are no longer additionally repeated.Slurry after ball milling obtains powder after mist projection granulating.? What is manufactured in the present embodiment is a kind of adobe with parian texture, therefore is used multiple color powder well known more The mode of pipe cloth (magic cloth) carries out being layered nested cloth, forms the powder layer with entire body nesting texture, then carries out Punch forming obtains corresponding green body.
Step 2: printing ornament.In one layer of protection glaze of adobe surface charity, glaze selects the known glaze with higher whiteness Material, mainly plays covering, is that subsequent decal effect is more preferable.Then printing ornament is carried out, stamp uses the side of inkjet printing Formula obtains decalcomania layer, needs exist for illustrating, decalcomania layer can also be made by existing any well known printing technology, Such as protect but be not limited to silk screen, roller, marble paper transfer etc..Then charity protective layer, what protective layer was selected here is a kind of city The transparent bright ink sold, it is transparent after burning and have certain gloss, decalcomania can be preferably presented.Certainly, clear frit Deng also may be used.
Step 3: charity frit.In one layer binder of billet surface charity, binder is according to predetermined pattern charity here In billet surface, it is part overlaid in billet surface, forms certain pattern, then ask 100 using waterfall type charity fineness Purpose frit granules, charity with a thickness of 0.5mm.After drying, duck-beak type blower melting the unglued fixation of billet surface is used Block is blown away.The nozzle of blower and the angle on adobe surface are 20 °, and the blow-time of single-piece adobe is 2-4 seconds.It is used herein above Frit is the following raw material of chemical constituent: Al2O3: 10-20 parts, SiO2: 55-60 parts, CaO:12-18 parts, K2O:3-5 parts, MgO: 5-12 parts and Ba2O3: it is obtained after water quenching is broken after 4-10 parts of firing meltings.
Step 4: firing rubbing down.Green body is sent into kiln and is burnt into, firing temperature is 1150-1250 DEG C, firing week Phase is 60-75 minutes.Polishing edging processing carried out to adobe after firing obtain finally there is parian texture and surface to have The Ceramic Tiles of Z-Correct bump mapping Z-correct.
Compared to the prior art, the present invention provides one kind on surface by presetting frit granules, and this frit granules Viscosity with higher, is not sprawled in sintering process, therefore can form the ceramic brick product with Z-Correct bump mapping Z-correct.At this In embodiment, the charity thinner thickness of frit granules, although therefore its there is Z-Correct bump mapping Z-correct, texture is general.
Embodiment 2
Aiming at the problem that embodiment 1 is proposed, in the present embodiment, the thickness correspondence of protective layer is adjusted, that is, is existed It is thicker for the position of sprinkling binder, using this thickness difference, can enrich the effect of Z-Correct bump mapping Z-correct.
Embodiment 3
In the present embodiment, scheme is substantially the same manner as Example 1, the difference is that the charity height of frit granules is The concave-convex effect of 1mm, texture become apparent.
Embodiment 4
In the present embodiment, scheme is substantially the same manner as Example 1, institute the difference is that frit can obtain charity height ask 2mm, texture with the concave-convex effect become apparent, but simultaneously, because the thickness of frit granules layer is thicker, in sintering process In, have and centainly sprawl, that is, the texture after burning is greater than set texture, and such case needs to control the thickness of frit, otherwise its After spreading apart, Z-Correct bump mapping Z-correct can not be formed.
Frit fineness has certain influence to concave-convex effect, here based on selection example 4, designs corresponding comparison Embodiment.
Comparative example 1
In this embodiment, the frit granules used are 80 mesh.
Comparative example 2, the frit granules used in this embodiment are 150 mesh.
Comparative example 3: the frit granules used in this embodiment are 250 mesh.
Comparative example 4: the frit granules used in this embodiment are 300 mesh.
Here to when spraying binder, adjacent interregional minimum range is 5cm.Pass through test, after burning, frit The glass state material formed after particle fusion distance to each other and convexity layer are compared compared to the height of green body printed layer. Specific test data is as follows:
Table 1
By comparing analysis above, we are obtained, the partial sizes of frit granules should be between 100-250 mesh, otherwise meticulous appearance Easy adhesion slightly is then difficult to be blown away, it is difficult to form the Z-Correct bump mapping Z-correct of predetermined pattern excessively.In the cloth height (thickness) of frit granules It should can be declined with its partial size in 0.5-2mm, the melting temperature of frit granules, i.e., thinner frit melting temperature is lower, Therefore 100 most thick mesh frits of selection are tested, it can be deduced that the limiting value of this technique.
Frit can be illustrated also by comparative example here with the influence of component.
In the present invention it is preferable to use high calcareous transparent frit particle, chemical constituent is as follows: Al2O3: 10-20 parts, SiO2: 55-60 parts, CaO:12-18 parts, K2O:3-5 parts, MgO:5-12 parts and Ba2O3: 4-10 parts.It is saturating as a kind of high temperature sintering Bright frit, no matter in high temperature viscosity, or the conventional frit on wear-resisting property better than in the market.
Here it selects different clear frits to compare, comparative example 5-8 is set.
Comparative example 5, other techniques such as embodiment 1, the difference is that the fineness of used frit granules is 150 Mesh, fabric thickness 1.0mm.
Comparative example 6, other techniques such as comparative example 5, institute the difference is that, the frit used be it is commercially available Bright high zinc frit.
Comparative example 7, other techniques such as comparative example 5, institute the difference is that, the component of the frit used are as follows: Al2O3: 10 parts, SiO2: 50 parts, CaO:10 parts, K2O:10 parts, MgO:15 parts and Ba2O3: 5 parts.
Comparative example 8: other techniques such as comparative example 5, institute the difference is that, the component of the frit used are as follows: Al2O3: 13 parts, SiO2: 50 parts, CaO:2 parts, K2O:15 parts, MgO:10 parts and Ba2O3: 10 parts.
Table 2
Serial number Z-Correct bump mapping Z-correct effect Texture height of projection Wearing coefficient Flexural strength
Comparative example 5 Sharpness of border 0.7 12000 turns 43MPa
Comparative example 6 Obscurity boundary 6000 turns 36MPa
Comparative example 7 Sharpness of border 0.6 8000 turns 39MPa
Comparative example 8 Sharpness of border 0.55 8000 turns 38MPa
By comparing above, we it can be concluded that, the frit granules provided in preferred embodiment of the present invention are with higher High temperature viscosity, can make its pattern conservation degree with higher, and compared to existing conventional transparent frit particle, it is hard Degree (Mohs' hardness 5) is also higher, and wear-resisting property is also more preferable.
The technical principle of the invention is described above in combination with a specific embodiment.These descriptions are intended merely to explain of the invention Principle, and shall not be construed in any way as a limitation of the scope of protection of the invention.Based on the explanation herein, the technology of this field Personnel can associate with other specific embodiments of the invention without creative labor, these modes are fallen within Within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of method that manufacture surface has Z-Correct bump mapping Z-correct Ceramic Tiles, which comprises the steps of:
(1) in the part of the surface charity binder of adobe;
(2) in the adobe surface charity frit granules of charity binder;
(3) the unglued frit granules in adobe surface are blown away after drying;
(4) polishing and edging processing are carried out after being burnt into, and obtain the Ceramic Tiles that surface has Z-Correct bump mapping Z-correct;
The fineness of the frit granules is 100 mesh to 250 mesh;
The frit granules are transparent frit particle, according to the number of parts by weight, including following component: Al2O3: 10-20 parts, SiO2: 55-60 parts, CaO:12-18 parts, K2O:3-5 parts, MgO:5-12 parts and Ba2O3: 4-10 parts.
2. the method that a kind of manufacture surface according to claim 1 has Z-Correct bump mapping Z-correct Ceramic Tiles, which is characterized in that described The charity mode of charity binder is at least one of silk screen printing, roller printing and inkjet printing in step (1).
3. the method that a kind of manufacture surface according to claim 1 has Z-Correct bump mapping Z-correct Ceramic Tiles, which is characterized in that described Adobe is that have the imitation stone adobe of the embedded texture of entire body, protection glaze has been applied on the adobe surface, in the protection glaze table Face has decorative decalcomania, and the binder charity is on decalcomania.
4. the method that a kind of manufacture surface according to claim 3 has Z-Correct bump mapping Z-correct Ceramic Tiles, which is characterized in that described Also charity has a protective layer between decalcomania and binder, and the protective layer is clear frit or transparent ink.
5. the method that a kind of manufacture surface according to claim 1 has Z-Correct bump mapping Z-correct Ceramic Tiles, which is characterized in that described The charity of frit granules is with a thickness of 0.5-2mm.
6. the method that a kind of manufacture surface according to claim 4 has Z-Correct bump mapping Z-correct Ceramic Tiles, which is characterized in that in brick Base surface, thickness of the protective layer in the position of charity binder are greater than the thickness of the position of no charity binder.
7. the method that a kind of manufacture surface according to claim 1 has Z-Correct bump mapping Z-correct Ceramic Tiles, which is characterized in that step (3) angle on the surface of the wind direction and adobe charity frit of blowing described in is less than or equal to 20 °.
8. the method that a kind of manufacture surface according to claim 7 has Z-Correct bump mapping Z-correct Ceramic Tiles, which is characterized in that monolithic The blow-time of adobe is 2-4 seconds.
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CN108101371B (en) * 2017-12-18 2021-02-05 广东永航新材料实业股份有限公司 Preparation method of non-mold water ripple type glazed ceramic tile
CN108545999B (en) * 2018-04-13 2020-12-01 佛山东华盛昌新材料有限公司 Preparation method of hole material, marble-imitated hole brick and preparation method thereof
CN108892540A (en) * 2018-07-03 2018-11-27 佛山欧神诺陶瓷有限公司 A kind of preparation method of the Ceramic Tiles with sagging effect
CN108947589A (en) * 2018-07-03 2018-12-07 佛山欧神诺陶瓷有限公司 A kind of preparation method of the Ceramic Tiles of the sagging texture of the controllable noncontinuity of depth
CN109293399B (en) * 2018-11-09 2021-05-07 蒙娜丽莎集团股份有限公司 Dry granular brick with stone grain embossed feeling and preparation method thereof
CN110128172A (en) * 2019-04-28 2019-08-16 东莞市唯美陶瓷工业园有限公司 A kind of method improving Ceramic Tiles green surface performance of keeping humidity and the Ceramic Tiles using this method preparation

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