CN106223553A - Roof drainage and Green Roof - Google Patents

Roof drainage and Green Roof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106223553A
CN106223553A CN201610828021.1A CN201610828021A CN106223553A CN 106223553 A CN106223553 A CN 106223553A CN 201610828021 A CN201610828021 A CN 201610828021A CN 106223553 A CN106223553 A CN 106223553A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
roof
roof drainage
drainage
frame body
water
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610828021.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吉翔
申超
谢光武
陈磊
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
PowerChina Chengdu Engineering Co Ltd
Original Assignee
PowerChina Chengdu Engineering Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by PowerChina Chengdu Engineering Co Ltd filed Critical PowerChina Chengdu Engineering Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610828021.1A priority Critical patent/CN106223553A/en
Publication of CN106223553A publication Critical patent/CN106223553A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage ; Sky-lights
    • E04D13/04Roof drainage; Drainage fittings in flat roofs, balconies or the like
    • E04D13/0404Drainage on the roof surface
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D11/00Roof covering, as far as not restricted to features covered by only one of groups E04D1/00 - E04D9/00; Roof covering in ways not provided for by groups E04D1/00 - E04D9/00, e.g. built-up roofs, elevated load-supporting roof coverings
    • E04D11/002Roof covering, as far as not restricted to features covered by only one of groups E04D1/00 - E04D9/00; Roof covering in ways not provided for by groups E04D1/00 - E04D9/00, e.g. built-up roofs, elevated load-supporting roof coverings consisting of two or more layers, at least one of the layers permitting turfing of the roof
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage ; Sky-lights
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage ; Sky-lights
    • E04D13/04Roof drainage; Drainage fittings in flat roofs, balconies or the like
    • E04D13/0404Drainage on the roof surface
    • E04D13/0459Drainage borders, e.g. dripping edges, gravel stops or dispersers
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage ; Sky-lights
    • E04D13/04Roof drainage; Drainage fittings in flat roofs, balconies or the like
    • E04D13/0404Drainage on the roof surface
    • E04D13/0477Underroof drainage layers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/24Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation
    • Y02A30/254Roof garden systems; Roof coverings with high solar reflectance
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B80/00Architectural or constructional elements improving the thermal performance of buildings
    • Y02B80/32Roof garden systems

Landscapes

  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Architecture (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Cultivation Of Plants (AREA)
  • Cultivation Receptacles Or Flower-Pots, Or Pots For Seedlings (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses one and relate to draining field, especially a kind of roof drainage.Roof drainage structure, it is the frame body of opening, cloth tank, water pump, green plants, horizontal drain pipe, vertical drainage pipe, overflow pipe including upper end, the inside of described frame body sets gradually as cover layer, nutrient matrix layer, impervious barrier, reservoir bed from top to bottom, it is provided with water distributing pore on described cloth tank, cloth tank is fixed on the side of frame body, and it is positioned over the top of layer, described green plants is planted on nutrient matrix layer, and the water in reservoir bed can be delivered in cloth tank by described water pump;Arranging porose on described reservoir bed, described overflow pipe is vertically fixed in hole, and described horizontal drain pipe one end is connected with overflow pipe, and the other end is connected with vertical drainage pipe.The roof drainage that the present invention provides a kind of easy construction, drainage effect is good, resource utilization is high.

Description

Roof drainage and Green Roof
Technical field
The present invention relates to draining field, especially a kind of roof drainage;Moreover, it relates to field, roof, Especially a kind of Green Roof.
Background technology
Rainwater is directly emitted into sewer pipe by the drainage system on roof, when rainfall is bigger, and the rain of unit interval Water runoff is big, has significantly impact to sewer pipe, sewer pipe causes certain infringement;And rainwater is expelled directly out, Any utilization could not be obtained, cause the waste of water resource.
At present, improving the quality of air by planting green plants on roof, green plants needs the most artificial Moisture needed for vegetation growth is supplied in pouring, and the labor intensity of staff is high, the increase of maintenance cost.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved is to provide a kind of easy construction, drainage effect is good, resource utilization is high Roof drainage.
The present invention solves the roof drainage structure that its technical problem is used, and is the frame body of opening, water distribution including upper end Groove, water pump, green plants, horizontal drain pipe, vertical drainage pipe, overflow pipe, the inside of described frame body sets the most successively Being set to cover layer, nutrient matrix layer, impervious barrier, reservoir bed, described cloth tank is provided with water distributing pore, cloth tank is fixed on framework On the side of body, and being positioned over the top of layer, described green plants is planted on nutrient matrix layer, and described water pump can be by water storage Water in Ceng is delivered in cloth tank;
Arranging porose on described reservoir bed, described overflow pipe is vertically fixed in hole, and described horizontal drain pipe one end is with excessive Flow tube is connected, and the other end is connected with vertical drainage pipe.
Further, described frame body includes the outer wall that plastic plate is constituted and the metallic framework being positioned at outer wall inner surface.
Further, described cover layer is particle diameter rubble in the range of 0.5-1.0cm, has gap between rubble.
Further, also include that drainage screen, described drainage screen are arranged between nutrient matrix layer, impervious barrier.
Further, described impervious barrier includes activated carbon, sand, organic matter, the particle diameter basalt in the range of 5-10cm Fragment, has gap between basalt fragment.
Further, also include wire netting panel, described wire netting panel be fixedly installed on impervious barrier, reservoir bed it Between.
Further, described water pump is immersible pump.
Further, also include that water proof rubber plate, described water proof rubber plate are arranged on the base plate of frame body.
The present invention another to solve the technical problem that and be to provide that a kind of easy construction, drainage effect be good, resource utilization High Green Roof.
The present invention solves the Green Roof that its technical problem is used, including roof drainage system, roofdeck, described room Top drainage system is arranged on roofdeck, and described roof drainage system is made up of multiple roof drainages, and described roof is arranged Cloth tank in water system is arranged side by side, and is interconnected, and the reservoir bed in roof drainage system is arranged side by side, and interconnects mutually Logical.
Preferably, the quantity of described roof drainage system is multiple, mutual roof drainage system be spaced apart 50cm.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: by arranging roof drainage at roofdeck, during rainfall, rainwater drops to frame In support body, rainwater passes cover layer, nutrient matrix layer, impervious barrier, is storable in reservoir bed, and when without rainfall, water pump will storage Water in water layer is delivered in cloth tank, is watered green plants by the water distributing pore on cloth tank, uses rainwater to green Color waters by plant, and water resource is recycled, and resource utilization is high, reduces the secondary of manual watering green plants simultaneously Number, reduces green plants operational and administrative expenses;And the rainwater of excess is by overflow pipe, horizontal drain pipe, vertical drainage bank of tubes Put to sewer pipe, it is ensured that being supported in allowed band of building roof, cover layer, nutrient matrix layer, impervious barrier, water storage Layer has certain cushioning effect to rainwater, and reservoir bed can store certain rainwater, when rainfall is bigger, reduces the rain of unit interval Discharge water path, reduces the rainwater impulsive force to sewer pipe, improves rainwater emission effect.
By arranging roof drainage system on roofdeck, roof drainage system is by multiple roof drainage structures Become, improve the drainage effect of roof rain water.
The roof drainage of the present invention and Green Roof, simple in construction, easy construction, low cost, practical, it is easy to Promote the use of.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the schematic front view of roof drainage of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the schematic top plan view of roof drainage of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the schematic perspective view of roof drainage of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of roof drainage system of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of Green Roof of the present invention;
Parts, position and numbering in figure: frame body 1, cover layer 11, nutrient matrix layer 12, impervious barrier 13, reservoir bed 14, cloth tank 2, water pump 3, green plants 4, horizontal drain pipe 5, vertical drainage pipe 6, overflow pipe 7, roof drainage system 8.
Detailed description of the invention
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 shows, roof drainage of the present invention, including the frame body 1 that upper end is opening, cloth tank 2, Water pump 3, green plants 4, horizontal drain pipe 5, vertical drainage pipe 6, overflow pipe 7, the inside of frame body 1 sets gradually from top to bottom For cover layer 11, nutrient matrix layer 12, impervious barrier 13, reservoir bed 14, cloth tank 2 being provided with water distributing pore, cloth tank 2 is fixed on On the side of frame body 1, and being positioned over the top of layer 11, green plants 4 is planted on nutrient matrix layer 12, and water pump 3 can be by Water in reservoir bed 14 is delivered in cloth tank 2;Arranging porose on reservoir bed 14, overflow pipe 7 is vertically fixed in hole, horizontal row Water pipe 5 one end is connected with overflow pipe 7, and the other end is connected with vertical drainage pipe 6.
During rainfall, rainwater drops in frame body 1, and rainwater passes cover layer 11, nutrient matrix layer 12, impervious barrier 13, can Being stored in reservoir bed 14, when without rainfall, the water in reservoir bed 14 is delivered in cloth tank 2 by water pump 3, by cloth tank 2 On water distributing pore green plants is watered, use rainwater green plants is watered, water resource is recycled, money Source utilization rate is high, reduces the number of times of manual watering green plants simultaneously, reduces green plants operational and administrative expenses;And excess Rainwater is emitted in sewer pipe by overflow pipe 7, horizontal drain pipe 5, vertical drainage pipe 6, it is ensured that the load of building roof In allowed band, cover layer 11, nutrient matrix layer 12, impervious barrier 13, reservoir bed 14 have certain cushioning effect to rainwater, storage Water layer 14 can store certain rainwater, when rainfall is bigger, reduces the Rainfall runoff of unit interval, reduces rainwater to downcomer The impulsive force in road, improves rainwater emission effect.
In order to ensure the intensity of frame body 1 and reduce the carrying of building roof platform 9, frame body 1 is made up of plastic plate Outer wall and be positioned at the metallic framework of outer wall inner surface, plastic plate reduces the weight of frame body 1, and metallic framework ensures frame body 1 Strength and stability.
Cover layer 11, nutrient matrix layer 12, impervious barrier 13 purpose are to meet the growth requirement of green plants 4, green plants 4 The plant that the most drought-resistant ability is strong.The effect of nutrient matrix layer 12 is to provide necessary nutrient raw material for green plants 4 growth, Nutrient matrix layer 12 can use original soil, sand, thin wood flour to form, and volume ratio is 6:3:1, thickness 20cm.The effect of cover layer 11: one Be prevent material moisture content in nutrient matrix layer 12 quickly, excess evaporation and the cracking that hardens, two is to prevent in nutrient matrix layer 12 Material run off by rain drop erosion, three is that green plants 4 has been produced fixation.Cover layer 11 uses particle diameter at 0.5- Rubble in the range of 1.0cm, has gap, thickness 5cm between rubble, gap is flow through for water, rubble low cost, intensity Height, using effect is good.The effect of impervious barrier 13: one be in nutrient matrix layer 12 material install, prevent material drop to storage In water layer 14, two is to store certain moisture in the gap in impervious barrier 13, it is ensured that the growth of plant.Impervious barrier includes particle diameter Basalt fragment in the range of 5-10cm, activated carbon, sand, organic matter, volume ratio is 2:3:3:2, has between basalt fragment Having gap, activated carbon to have aperture, between military rock fragment, the porosity with activated carbon is 50%, and average pore size is 100 μm-1mm Between, military rock fragment and activated carbon have a large amount of hole and can save more moisture, play water holding ability, and sand and organic The main purpose of matter is to allow form capillary tube in impervious barrier 13, in order to form capillarity extra-nutrition layer in impervious barrier 13 Water requirement.For the ease of the installation, fixing of impervious barrier 13, the inside of frame body 1 is additionally provided with wire netting panel, wire netting panel It is fixedly installed between impervious barrier 13, reservoir bed 14.Material in impervious barrier 13 is arranged in wire netting panel, simple to operate. Further, the inside of frame body 1 is additionally provided with drainage screen, and drainage screen is arranged between nutrient matrix layer 12, impervious barrier 13 admittedly, Drainage screen prevents the loss of the material in nutrient matrix layer 12 further.
Water pump 3 is preferably immersible pump, and immersible pump is positioned in water, and no matter the water yield in reservoir bed 14 how, all can ensure The using effect of water pump 3 and safety.
In order to prevent the rainwater infiltration of reservoir bed 14 to building interior, building causing damage, the present invention is at frame body 1 Base plate on be provided with water proof rubber plate.
As shown in Figure 4, Figure 5, the present invention also provides for a kind of Green Roof, including roof drainage system 8, roofdeck 9, room Top drainage system 8 is arranged on roofdeck 9, and roof drainage system 8 is made up of multiple roof drainages, roof drainage system Cloth tank 2 in 8 is arranged side by side, and is interconnected, and the reservoir bed 14 in roof drainage system 8 is arranged side by side, and is interconnected.
By being arranged side by side by the cloth tank 2 in roof drainage system 8, cloth tank 2 connects, in roof drainage system 8 Each roof drainage in green plants 4 all can water simultaneously, reach the maximum utilization of resource, roof simultaneously Reservoir bed 14 in drainage system 8 is arranged side by side, and is interconnected, and the water in reservoir bed 14 can share.
Area according to roofdeck 9 is different, it is ensured that the emission effect of rainwater, can arrange multiple room on roofdeck 9 Top drainage system 8, mutual roof drainage system 8 be spaced apart 50cm.
In sum, the roof drainage of the present invention and Green Roof, simple in construction, easy construction, low cost, practicality Property is strong, it is easy to promote the use of.
Embodiment
As it is shown in figure 5, the area of the roofdeck 9 of certain community is 100m2, each roof drainage system 8 includes 4 roofs Drainage arrangement, whole roofdeck 9 arranges 8,4 roof drainage systems 8 of 4 roof drainage systems and is arranged side by side two-by-two, mutually The spacing distance of roof drainage system 8 is 50cm, and each roof drainage system 8 distance away from roofdeck 9 edge is also 50cm.

Claims (10)

1. roof drainage, it is characterised in that: include frame body (1) that upper end is opening, cloth tank (2), water pump (3), green Color plant (4), horizontal drain pipe (5), vertical drainage pipe (6), overflow pipe (7), the inside of described frame body (1) depends on from top to bottom Secondary cover layer (11), nutrient matrix layer (12), impervious barrier (13), the reservoir bed (14) of being set to, described cloth tank (2) is provided with Water distributing pore, cloth tank (2) is fixed on the side of frame body (1), and is positioned over the top of layer (11), described green plants (4) being planted on nutrient matrix layer (12), the water in reservoir bed (14) can be delivered in cloth tank (2) by described water pump (3);
Arranging porose on described reservoir bed (14), described overflow pipe (7) is vertically fixed in hole, described horizontal drain pipe (5) End is connected with overflow pipe (7), and the other end is connected with vertical drainage pipe (6).
2. roof drainage as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described frame body (1) includes what plastic plate was constituted Outer wall and the metallic framework being positioned at outer wall inner surface.
3. roof drainage as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described cover layer (11) is that particle diameter is at 0.5- 1.0cm rubble in the range of, has gap between rubble.
4. roof drainage as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that: also including drainage screen, described drainage screen is fixed to be put Between nutrient matrix layer (12), impervious barrier (13).
5. roof drainage as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described impervious barrier (13) includes activated carbon, sand, has Machine matter, the particle diameter basalt fragment in the range of 5-10cm, has gap between basalt fragment.
6. roof drainage as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: also include wire netting panel, described metal grill Plate is fixedly installed between impervious barrier (13), reservoir bed (14).
7. roof drainage as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described water pump (3) is immersible pump.
8. roof drainage as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: also include water proof rubber plate, described water proof rubber Plate is arranged on the base plate of frame body (1).
9. Green Roof, including roof drainage system (8), roofdeck (9), described roof drainage system (8) is arranged on roof On platform (9), it is characterised in that: described roof drainage system (8) is by multiple roof drainage structures as claimed in claim 1 Becoming, the cloth tank (2) in described roof drainage system (8) is arranged side by side, and is interconnected, the storage in roof drainage system (8) Water layer (14) is arranged side by side, and is interconnected.
10. Green Roof as claimed in claim 9, it is characterised in that: the quantity of described roof drainage system (8) is multiple, Mutually roof drainage system (8) be spaced apart 50cm.
CN201610828021.1A 2016-09-18 2016-09-18 Roof drainage and Green Roof Pending CN106223553A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610828021.1A CN106223553A (en) 2016-09-18 2016-09-18 Roof drainage and Green Roof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610828021.1A CN106223553A (en) 2016-09-18 2016-09-18 Roof drainage and Green Roof

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106223553A true CN106223553A (en) 2016-12-14

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Country Status (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107232050A (en) * 2017-06-23 2017-10-10 广东美辰生物科技有限公司 A kind of dragon fruit breeding apparatus
CN112900720A (en) * 2021-01-25 2021-06-04 吉林建筑大学 Green top cap of assembled steel construction building

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202476170U (en) * 2012-04-01 2012-10-10 广州市东篱环境艺术有限公司 Lawn-cover roof greening planting device
CN105089142A (en) * 2015-08-27 2015-11-25 天津大学 Low elevation greenbelt rainwater regulation scheduling pool and distributed rainwater regulation scheduling pool system
CN205017932U (en) * 2015-08-06 2016-02-10 杭州中艺生态环境工程有限公司 Water -saving type environment -friendly roof greening device
CN205491884U (en) * 2016-03-30 2016-08-24 江苏源泰环境建设工程有限公司 A system that utilizes is collected to rainwater for roof garden
CN206034780U (en) * 2016-09-18 2017-03-22 中国电建集团成都勘测设计研究院有限公司 Roof drainage and green roof

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202476170U (en) * 2012-04-01 2012-10-10 广州市东篱环境艺术有限公司 Lawn-cover roof greening planting device
CN205017932U (en) * 2015-08-06 2016-02-10 杭州中艺生态环境工程有限公司 Water -saving type environment -friendly roof greening device
CN105089142A (en) * 2015-08-27 2015-11-25 天津大学 Low elevation greenbelt rainwater regulation scheduling pool and distributed rainwater regulation scheduling pool system
CN205491884U (en) * 2016-03-30 2016-08-24 江苏源泰环境建设工程有限公司 A system that utilizes is collected to rainwater for roof garden
CN206034780U (en) * 2016-09-18 2017-03-22 中国电建集团成都勘测设计研究院有限公司 Roof drainage and green roof

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107232050A (en) * 2017-06-23 2017-10-10 广东美辰生物科技有限公司 A kind of dragon fruit breeding apparatus
CN112900720A (en) * 2021-01-25 2021-06-04 吉林建筑大学 Green top cap of assembled steel construction building

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Application publication date: 20161214

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