CN104982249B - A kind of Rain Garden for greenbelt among road - Google Patents

A kind of Rain Garden for greenbelt among road Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104982249B
CN104982249B CN201510320686.7A CN201510320686A CN104982249B CN 104982249 B CN104982249 B CN 104982249B CN 201510320686 A CN201510320686 A CN 201510320686A CN 104982249 B CN104982249 B CN 104982249B
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China
Prior art keywords
rain garden
road
greenbelt
layer
metalling
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CN201510320686.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104982249A (en
Inventor
秦升益
陈梅娟
王振帮
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仁创生态环保科技股份有限公司
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Publication of CN104982249A publication Critical patent/CN104982249A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting

Abstract

The present invention relates to municipal works technical field more particularly to a kind of Rain Gardens for greenbelt among road.Provided by the present invention for the Rain Garden of greenbelt among road, including plantation layer, nutrition soil layer, metalling and ventilation anti-seepage layer of sand, the Rain Garden is arranged in the greenbelt being made of kerbstone, drainage hole is provided on the kerbstone, when road surface forms ponding, ponding on road surface can be drained into the metalling in Rain Garden by the drainage hole on kerbstone, solve the problems, such as that the excessive road surface of rainfall forms ponding and can not discharge;In addition ventilation anti-seepage layer of sand is increased in the bottom of Rain Garden, it can prevent plant rotten, simultaneously, it can also prevent the rainwater entered in Rain Garden from permeating the ground, the rainwater entered in Rain Garden in this way is stored in Rain Garden, meet the plant in Rain Garden for the demand of water, reduce the work watered to the plant in greenbelt, saves manpower expenditure.

Description

A kind of Rain Garden for greenbelt among road

Technical field

The present invention relates to municipal works technical field more particularly to a kind of Rain Gardens for greenbelt among road.

Background technique

Currently, the draining of city inside road is gully by being arranged on road and gutter to realize, but Be when rainfall is larger, by displacement limited draining it is less timely, will lead to road surface and ponding occur, influence on road surface Traffic circulation;The greenbelt being much made of kerbstone is provided on road, turf plant or other plant in greenbelt Play the role of greening, clean air, collect rainwater, but greenbelt is merely capable of inhaling the rainwater fallen into greenbelt It receives, helps to discharge the ponding for eliminating road surface without method;In addition accumulate too many rainwater in greenbelt, air can not be in rainwater It circulates between garden and the soil for wrapping Rain Garden, causes plant rotten, and if also needed pair without rainfall for a long time It is manually poor to the effect of the plant watering in greenbelt, waste of manpower cost, while greenbelt to purification, the filtering of rainwater, It has no idea to realize the effective use to rainwater.

Therefore, against the above deficiency, it is desirable to provide a kind of Rain Garden for greenbelt among road can absorb and disappear Except the ponding on ground, rainwater is effectively purified, is filtered, realizes the rainwater management and rainwater utilization of ecological sustainability.

Summary of the invention

(1) technical problems to be solved

The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is greenbelt among traditional road is when a large amount of ponding occurs in road surface, It cannot achieve the absorption cleaning to ponding, eliminate, and have no idea to realize and rainwater is effectively filtered, is purified, it can not be right Rainwater is effectively utilized.

(2) technical solution

In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problems, the present invention provides a kind of Rain Garden for greenbelt among road, institutes It states Rain Garden to be arranged in the greenbelt being made of kerbstone, the base having for Rain Garden to be arranged is excavated in the greenbelt Hole, the Rain Garden includes the plantation layer being from top to bottom successively set in foundation pit, nutrition soil layer, metalling and ventilation anti-seepage Layer of sand, the ventilation anti-seepage layer of sand are contacted with foundation pit inner wall, in the plantation layer, nutrition soil layer and metalling and foundation pit inner wall Water blocking layer is provided on contact surface;Drainage hole is provided on the kerbstone, the drainage hole is used to ponding being emitted into rubble In layer.

It wherein, further include water suction rod, one end of the water suction rod is located in plantation layer, and the other end is located in metalling.

Wherein, the water suction rod is silica sand Absorb Water stick, and the silica sand Absorb Water stick includes multiple.

It wherein, further include drainpipe, one end of the drainpipe is connected to drainage hole, and the other end is located at the metalling It is interior.

Wherein, the material of the water blocking layer is plastics, stainless steel or ceramics.

Wherein, the drainage hole is provided with multiple, and multiple drainage holes are spaced on the length direction of the kerbstone Distribution.Wherein, height of the drainage hole apart from road surface is 2-3cm.

Wherein, the nutrition soil layer with a thickness of 25-50cm.

Wherein, the metalling with a thickness of 25-50cm, the diameter for constituting the metalling rubble is 3-5cm.

(3) beneficial effect

Above-mentioned technical proposal of the invention has the advantages that the present invention provides a kind of for greenbelt among road Rain Garden, including plantation layer, nutrition soil layer, metalling and ventilation anti-seepage layer of sand, the Rain Garden are arranged by kerbstone In the greenbelt of composition, it is provided with drainage hole on the kerbstone, when road surface forms ponding, the ponding on road surface can lead to It crosses the drainage hole on kerbstone to drain into the metalling in Rain Garden, solving the excessive road surface formation ponding of rainfall can not arrange The problem of putting;Greenbelt among road is arranged to the form of Rain Garden simultaneously, can be effectively removed outstanding in rainwater The harmful substances such as floating particles, organic pollutant and heavy metal ion, pathogen, it is more abundant to purification, the filtering of rainwater, separately The bottom of external Rain Garden increases ventilation anti-seepage layer of sand, solves that rotten of existing Rain Garden plant, survival rate are low to ask Topic, while in the case where guaranteeing that air can circulate between soil and Rain Garden, it can also prevent from entering Rain Garden Interior rainwater permeates the ground, and the rainwater entered in Rain Garden in this way is stored in Rain Garden, meets in Rain Garden Plant reduces the pouring number to greenbelt implants for the demand of water, saves manpower expenditure.

Detailed description of the invention

The advantages of above-mentioned and/or additional aspect of the invention, will be apparent from the description of the embodiment in conjunction with the following figures Be readily appreciated that, in which:

Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram described in the embodiment of the present invention for the Rain Garden of greenbelt among road.

The wherein corresponding relationship in Fig. 1 between appended drawing reference and component names are as follows:

1, Rain Garden, 11, plantation layer, 12, nutrition soil layer, 13, metalling, 14, ventilation anti-seepage layer of sand, 15, drainpipe, 16, silica sand Absorb Water stick, 17, water blocking layer, 2, kerbstone, 21, drainage hole.

Specific embodiment

In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that term " center ", " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", " orientation or positional relationships of the instructions such as "inner", "outside" To be based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, be merely for convenience of description of the present invention and simplification of the description, rather than indicate or It implies that signified device or element must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, therefore should not be understood as Limitation of the present invention.In addition, term " first ", " second " are used for description purposes only, it is not understood to indicate or imply phase To importance.

In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " installation ", " phase Even ", " connection " shall be understood in a broad sense, for example, it may be being fixedly connected, may be a detachable connection, or be integrally connected;It can To be mechanical connection, it is also possible to be electrically connected;It can be directly connected, can also can be indirectly connected through an intermediary Connection inside two elements.For the ordinary skill in the art, above-mentioned term can be understood at this with concrete condition Concrete meaning in invention.In addition, in the description of the present invention, unless otherwise indicated, the meaning of " plurality " is two or two More than

In order to make the object, technical scheme and advantages of the embodiment of the invention clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention In attached drawing, technical scheme in the embodiment of the invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiment is A part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, ordinary skill people Member's every other embodiment obtained without making creative work, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

As shown in Figure 1, the present invention provides a kind of Rain Garden 1 for greenbelt among road, the Rain Garden 1 It is arranged in the greenbelt being made of kerbstone 2, the foundation pit having for Rain Garden to be arranged, the rain is excavated in the greenbelt Spray garden 1 includes plantation layer 11, nutrition soil layer 12, metalling 13 and the ventilation anti-seepage sand being from top to bottom successively set in foundation pit Layer 14, the ventilation anti-seepage layer of sand 14 is contacted with foundation pit inner wall, in the plantation layer 11, nutrition soil layer 12 and metalling 13 and base It cheats and is provided with water blocking layer 17 on the contact surface of inner wall;Drainpipe 21 is provided on the kerbstone 2, the drainpipe 21 is used for will Ponding is emitted into metalling 13.

Rain Garden 1 provided by the invention is arranged in the greenbelt being made of kerbstone 2, sets on the kerbstone 2 It is equipped with drainpipe 21, when road surface forms ponding, the ponding on road surface can drain into rainwater by the drainpipe 21 on kerbstone 2 In metalling 13 in garden 1, solve the problems, such as that the excessive road surface of rainfall forms ponding and can not discharge;It simultaneously will be among road Greenbelt be arranged to the form of Rain Garden 1, suspended particulate in rainwater, organic pollutant and again can be effectively removed The harmful substances such as metal ion, pathogen, it is more abundant to purification, the filtering of rainwater, in addition increase in the bottom of Rain Garden 1 Ventilation anti-seepage layer of sand 14, solves the problems, such as that existing rotten of 1 plant of Rain Garden, survival rate are low, while guaranteeing air energy It is enough in the case where circulation, to prevent the rainwater entered in Rain Garden 1 from permeating the ground between soil and Rain Garden 1, The rainwater entered in Rain Garden 1 in this way is stored in Rain Garden 1, meets the plant in Rain Garden 1 for the need of water It asks, reduces the pouring number to greenbelt implants, save manpower expenditure;Rain Garden 1 plants configuration diversification, city is built If more beautiful.

The plantation layer 11 is the earth's surface of Rain Garden 1, is used for planting plants, and the nutrition soil layer 12 is in plantation layer 11 Growing plants provide nutrient, the nutrition soil layer 12 with a thickness of 25-50cm, nutrition soil layer 12 be plantation layer 11 in plant Necessary nutrient is provided, the soil sample for constituting nutrition soil layer 12 can be prepared according to the type of plant;Preferably, the nutrition soil layer 12 include that 60% Chinese garden planting soil and 40% middle sand mix, and the diameter of the middle sand is 0.35-0.5mm;It is described broken Rock layers 13 with a thickness of 25-50cm, the diameter for constituting the rubble of the metalling 13 is 3-5cm.

Specifically, the ventilation anti-seepage layer of sand 14 can be obstructed water and be passed through by air, the ventilation anti-seepage layer of sand 14 It is formed by silica sand, binder and curing agent forming and hardening;The water blocking layer 17 can completely cut off rainwater in extraneous soil and rainwater flower It circulates between garden 1, prevents rainwater from permeating the ground, the water blocking layer 17 can be by plastics (such as PP, PVC, PE), ceramics, glass Or the materials such as stainless steel are made, it is preferable that select soft material manufacture, such as plastics to install the demand of manufacture.

Preferably, the drainpipe 21 is provided with multiple length directions in the kerbstone 2 and is spaced apart, while described The height on the setting positional distance road surface of drainpipe 21 is 2-3cm, and road surface can be effectively prevent to form ponding, ensures that road is suitable Freely;Drainpipe 15 is additionally provided in the Rain Garden 1, one end of the drainpipe 15 is connected to drainpipe 21, the other end In the metalling 13;Ponding on road surface is discharged into metalling 13 by drainpipe 15.

Preferably, water suction rod is additionally provided in the Rain Garden 1, one end setting of the water suction rod is in plantation layer 11 Interior, the other end is arranged in metalling 13;Water suction rod can absorb water in time from metalling 13, adjust according to the growth demand of plant Water-saving amount;In addition, water suction rod can absorb the water in metalling 13, supply in the case where long-time is arid without rainfall, comparison Plant absorption increases the whole drought resistance of Rain Garden 1.

Specifically, the water suction rod be silica sand Absorb Water stick 16, the silica sand Absorb Water stick 16 include it is multiple, in rainwater It is uniformly distributed in garden 1, it is of course also possible to use other water suction rods, as long as being capable of a kind of plant layer 11 of adjustable Rain Garden Water, the purpose of the application equally also may be implemented, objective should belong to of the invention without departing from design philosophy of the invention Protection scope.

In conclusion the present invention provides a kind of Rain Garden for greenbelt among road, including plantation layer, nutrition Soil layer, metalling and ventilation anti-seepage layer of sand, the Rain Garden are arranged in the greenbelt being made of kerbstone, in the curb Drainage hole is provided on stone, when road surface forms ponding, the ponding on road surface can drain into rain by the drainage hole on kerbstone In metalling in spray garden, solve the problems, such as that the excessive road surface of rainfall forms ponding and can not discharge;It simultaneously will be among road Greenbelt be arranged to the form of Rain Garden, suspended particulate in rainwater, organic pollutant and again can be effectively removed The harmful substances such as metal ion, pathogen, it is more abundant to purification, the filtering of rainwater, in addition increase in the bottom of Rain Garden Ventilation anti-seepage layer of sand can prevent plant rotten, while guarantee what air can circulate between soil and Rain Garden In the case of, it can also prevent the rainwater entered in Rain Garden from permeating the ground, the rainwater entered in Rain Garden in this way is stored In Rain Garden, meets the plant in Rain Garden for the demand of water, reduce the pouring number to greenbelt implants, section Manpower expenditure is saved.

Finally, it should be noted that the above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical solutions of the present invention, rather than its limitations;Although Present invention has been described in detail with reference to the aforementioned embodiments, those skilled in the art should understand that: it still may be used To modify the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments or equivalent replacement of some of the technical features; And these are modified or replaceed, technical solution of various embodiments of the present invention that it does not separate the essence of the corresponding technical solution spirit and Range.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of Rain Garden for greenbelt among road, it is characterised in that: the Rain Garden is arranged by kerbstone (2) in the greenbelt constituted, the foundation pit having for Rain Garden to be arranged is excavated in the greenbelt, the Rain Garden includes Plantation layer (11), nutrition soil layer (12), metalling (13) and the ventilation anti-seepage layer of sand being from top to bottom successively set in foundation pit (14), the ventilation anti-seepage layer of sand (14) contacts with foundation pit inner wall, in the plantation layer (11), nutrition soil layer (12) and metalling (13) and water blocking layer (17) are provided on the contact surface of foundation pit inner wall;It is provided with drainage hole (21) on the kerbstone (2), it is described Drainage hole (21) is used to for ponding being emitted into metalling (13), further includes water suction rod, and one end of the water suction rod is located at plantation In layer (11), it further includes drainpipe (15) that the other end, which is located in metalling (13), one end of the drainpipe (15) and drainage hole (21) be connected to, the other end is located at that the metalling (13) is interior, the nutrition soil layer (12) with a thickness of 25-50cm, the nutrition Soil layer (12) is mixed by 60% Chinese garden planting soil and 40% middle sand, and the diameter of the middle sand is 0.35-0.5mm, institute State metalling (13) with a thickness of 25-50cm, the diameter for constituting the metalling (13) rubble is 3-5cm.
2. the Rain Garden according to claim 1 for greenbelt among road, it is characterised in that: the water suction rod is Silica sand Absorb Water stick (16), the silica sand Absorb Water stick (16) includes multiple.
3. the Rain Garden according to claim 1 for greenbelt among road, it is characterised in that: the water blocking layer (17) material is plastics, stainless steel or ceramics.
4. the Rain Garden according to claim 1 for greenbelt among road, it is characterised in that: the drainage hole (21) it is provided with multiple, multiple drainage holes (21) are spaced apart on the length direction of the kerbstone (2).
5. the Rain Garden according to claim 1 for greenbelt among road, it is characterised in that: the drainage hole (21) height apart from road surface is 2-3cm.
CN201510320686.7A 2015-06-11 2015-06-11 A kind of Rain Garden for greenbelt among road CN104982249B (en)

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CN104982249B true CN104982249B (en) 2019-01-11

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US20150078826A1 (en) * 2013-09-17 2015-03-19 SmithGroupJJR, Inc. Water score based site development
CN105421562A (en) * 2015-11-09 2016-03-23 中国科学院测量与地球物理研究所 Green belt with initial rainwater road surface runoff purifying function and water storage function
CN105960874A (en) * 2016-06-21 2016-09-28 苏州乐聚堂电子科技有限公司 Underground ventilation system
CN106284586A (en) * 2016-08-10 2017-01-04 江苏花王园艺股份有限公司 The oozed type Rain Garden of environmental protection

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CN202444915U (en) * 2011-12-17 2012-09-26 张晓明 Automatic watering flowerpot
CN203160091U (en) * 2012-10-31 2013-08-28 北京仁创科技集团有限公司 A road pavement structure for preventing water from gathering on road surfaces
CN203256562U (en) * 2013-03-15 2013-10-30 成都佳美嘉科技有限公司 Water-storage pavement center greenbelt structure

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CN102577866A (en) * 2012-03-13 2012-07-18 刘永东 Water storage-supply flower box for roads
CN103371069B (en) * 2012-04-26 2015-08-12 交通运输部科学研究院 A kind of concatenation type pavement runoff collects the ecologic planting groove with purification utilization
CN203795576U (en) * 2014-03-28 2014-08-27 上海市园林设计院有限公司 Landscape depression for collecting stormwater runoff
CN104196277B (en) * 2014-09-29 2017-01-25 上海交通大学 Functional rainwater garden suitable for interior of urban community grassy area in Shanghai
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Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202444915U (en) * 2011-12-17 2012-09-26 张晓明 Automatic watering flowerpot
CN203160091U (en) * 2012-10-31 2013-08-28 北京仁创科技集团有限公司 A road pavement structure for preventing water from gathering on road surfaces
CN203256562U (en) * 2013-03-15 2013-10-30 成都佳美嘉科技有限公司 Water-storage pavement center greenbelt structure

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