CN106097876A - Board-like concrete stair structure model and manufacture method - Google Patents

Board-like concrete stair structure model and manufacture method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106097876A
CN106097876A CN201610639752.1A CN201610639752A CN106097876A CN 106097876 A CN106097876 A CN 106097876A CN 201610639752 A CN201610639752 A CN 201610639752A CN 106097876 A CN106097876 A CN 106097876A
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China
Prior art keywords
stair
landing
reinforcing bar
stringer
stair stringer
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CN201610639752.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
宋功业
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Jiangsu Institute of Architectural Technology
Jiangsu Jianzhu Institute
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Jiangsu Institute of Architectural Technology
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Priority to CN201610639752.1A priority Critical patent/CN106097876A/en
Publication of CN106097876A publication Critical patent/CN106097876A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09BEDUCATIONAL OR DEMONSTRATION APPLIANCES; APPLIANCES FOR TEACHING, OR COMMUNICATING WITH, THE BLIND, DEAF OR MUTE; MODELS; PLANETARIA; GLOBES; MAPS; DIAGRAMS
    • G09B25/00Models for purposes not provided for in G09B23/00, e.g. full-sized devices for demonstration purposes
    • G09B25/04Models for purposes not provided for in G09B23/00, e.g. full-sized devices for demonstration purposes of buildings

Abstract

Board-like concrete stair structure model and manufacture method are to carry out aided education by model display and the rural migrant worker for construction enterprises gives training and designs, and belong to vocational education facility field;Board-like concrete stair structure model is made up of with Sign Board staircase boards, stair step, stair stringer, landing, floor plates, body of wall;Staircase boards reinforcing bar and stair step reinforcement installation on the top of staircase boards, two ends respectively with stair stringer reinforcing bar, landing reinforcing bar and the bar connecting of floor plates;Staircase boards reinforcing bar and the colligation of stair step reinforcing bar intersection connect;Stair step shell is arranged on stair step reinforcing bar top;Landing and body of wall three consolidation;Sign Board is separately mounted on staircase boards, stair step, stair stringer shell, landing, floor plates, body of wall.The invention has the beneficial effects as follows and make university students or rural migrant worker be imparted knowledge to students by model display board-like concrete stair structure model and manufacture method are had directly understanding, it is simple to understand.

Description

Board-like concrete stair structure model and manufacture method
Technical field
The present invention is board-like concrete stair structure model and manufacture method, be by model display carry out aided education with And the rural migrant worker for construction enterprises gives training and designs, belong to vocational education facility field.
Background technology
Stair are the important interface channels between building levels, for there is no the tier building of elevator, levels it Between contact only have stair, for the skyscraper having elevator, stair are also requisite;Board-like concrete staircase is tied Structure occupies very important position in whole buildings, is to apply universal typical stair form;Board-like concrete staircase Structure is not for having the university students of practical experience, and for having not been entered into the rural migrant worker of duty, owing to not having actual work The experience of journey, to board-like concrete stair structure understanding also deficiency, wants to allow them understand and grasps board-like concrete staircase knot The structure of structure is really not easy with structure;The Teaching in University of China's architectural engineering class adopts always and lectures is main teaching method, Although China Higher has breakthrough in teaching with middle vocational education in recent years, have employed the Informalized teaching means such as multimedia, It is provided with some Teaching Circumstances, but breaks away from the teaching model to lecture the most at all;For making education can catch up with China's economy The paces of development, a collection of application technology university of decision-making transformation of country, the teacher of these universities, facility are all to cultivate according to elite formula Pattern is arranged, and wants to press close to construction teaching, and difficulty is the biggest;On the other hand, the promulgation planned along with the industry 2025 of China is real Executing, country strengthens the training request to rural migrant worker in recent years, and the inspection examination to enterprise in charge of construction puts more effort, can Enterprise in charge of construction's training of being difficult to that the xoncrete structure of rural migrant worker is formed by tissue, application technology university, School of High Profession Technology, in The current facility of duty school can not meet the training request of the rural migrant worker's concrete structure construction being engaged in building industry.
The board-like concrete stair structure model that the present invention provides can solve these problems.
Summary of the invention
The specific practice of this programme is:
Use board-like concrete stair structure model as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, board-like concrete stair structure model, its feature It is, by staircase boards 1, staircase boards reinforcing bar 2, stair step 3, stair stringer shell 5, stair stringer reinforcing bar 6, landing 7, landing Reinforcing bar 8, floor plates 9, body of wall 10 and Sign Board 11 composition;Stair are angularly disposed, with landing as boundary, point epimere with under Section;Epimere and each several part shell of hypomere stair, arrangement of reinforcement are the most identical, but the parts that two ends connect are different;Epimere top and floor Plate 9 consolidates, and consolidates with landing 7 bottom epimere;Hypomere top consolidates with landing 7, solid with floor plates 9 bottom epimere Knot;Staircase boards reinforcing bar 2 is arranged on the top of staircase boards 1, two ends respectively with stair stringer reinforcing bar 6, landing reinforcing bar 8 and floor plates The bar connecting of 9;The colligation of staircase boards reinforcing bar 2 intersection connects;Stair step 3 is arranged on staircase boards reinforcing bar 2 top;Landing 7 with body of wall 10 3 consolidation;Sign Board 11 be separately mounted to staircase boards 1, stair step 3, stair stringer shell 5, landing 7, On floor plates 9, body of wall 10.
Staircase boards 1 is the part of staircase boards reinforcing bar 2 bottom, and preferential recommendation uses the plank of 30-40 millimeter to make;Staircase boards The two ends of 1 are consolidated with floor plates 9 and landing 7 by stair stringer shell 5 respectively;Stair are passed through at the two ends of staircase boards 1 respectively Beam shell 5, stair stringer reinforcing bar 6 are connected with floor plates 9 and landing 7, landing reinforcing bar 8;
Staircase boards reinforcing bar 2 includes that muscle is indulged in gangboard bottom, gangboard bottom distributing reinforcement, gangboard holder top indulge muscle, gangboard holder top Distributing reinforcement, preferential recommendation uses No. 8 iron wires to indulge muscle as gangboard bottom, gangboard bottom distributing reinforcement, gangboard holder top indulge muscle, ladder Board support top distributing reinforcement;It is the vertical muscle arranged along gangboard diagonal length that muscle is indulged in gangboard bottom, and isometric with staircase boards 1, two ends are deep Enter in landing reinforcing bar 8;Gangboard bottom distributing reinforcement is provided in Zong Jin top, gangboard bottom and indulges muscle ligation with gangboard bottom Transverse steel;The length 30mm shorter than the width of staircase boards 1 of gangboard bottom distributing reinforcement;Gangboard holder top is indulged muscle and is propped up with gangboard Seat top distributing reinforcement is in the reinforcing bar on the top at staircase boards 1 two ends 1/4, and the gap indulging muscle with gangboard bottom is stair thickness of slab Degree;Gangboard holder top indulges muscle two ends band crotch, deeply anchors to the reinforcing bar no less than 5 times of the length in stair stringer reinforcing bar 6 straight Footpath;Gangboard holder top distributing reinforcement is positioned at gangboard holder top and indulges the lower section of muscle, indulges muscle ligation with gangboard holder top;
It is connected by spacer block between staircase boards 1 with staircase boards reinforcing bar 2, the spacer block wooden unit system of length of side 20-30 mm of thickness 5 millimeters Becoming, spacing is not more than 200 millimeters of settings, uses No. 22 iron wire colligations, be shelved on the upper table of staircase boards 1 between spacer block and reinforcing bar Face.
Stair step 3 is made up of transverse slat of marking time, toe riser and end plate of marking time, and preferential recommendation uses 1-2 millimeter Poly (methyl methacrylate) plate makes;The width of stair step 3 transverse slat is 80-100 millimeter, and the height of riser is 45-55 millimeter;Stair step 3 tops being positioned at staircase boards reinforcing bar 2, the stair step 3 made through poly (methyl methacrylate) plate can observe staircase boards reinforcing bar 2 intuitively Distribution situation;Mark time transverse slat, toe riser and end plate of marking time is mutually perpendicular to intersect and consolidate;For ease of staircase boards reinforcing bar 2 Installing and adjust, stair step 3 is set to snapping with staircase boards 1 and is connected.
Stair stringer shell 5 is positioned at two ends and the consolidation of staircase boards 1, and preferential recommendation uses the poly (methyl methacrylate) plate of 3-4 millimeters thick Make;Stair stringer shell 5 includes stair stringer inner hull, stair stringer Shell Plate and stair stringer base plate, stair stringer end plate;In stair stringer Coverboard, the height of stair stringer Shell Plate are 70-80 millimeter, and the height of stair stringer Shell Plate is 70-80 millimeter;Stair stringer inner shell Plate, stair stringer Shell Plate are parallel to each other, and vertical with stair stringer base plate, stair stringer end plate;Stair stringer inner hull is positioned at staircase boards 1 Side, stair stringer Shell Plate is positioned at landing 7 or floor plates 9 side;Stair stringer end plate is positioned at stair stringer inner hull, stair stringer Shell Plate and the both ends of stair stringer base plate;Stair stringer inner hull, stair stringer Shell Plate and stair stringer base plate, stair stringer end plate position Periphery in stair stringer reinforcing bar 6;
Stair stringer reinforcing bar 6 is positioned at the two ends of staircase boards reinforcing bar 2, and side and gangboard holder top indulge muscle wherein and ligation, separately Side and landing reinforcing bar 8 or the bar connecting of floor plates 9;By spacer block phase between stair stringer reinforcing bar 6 with stair stringer shell 5 Even;
Stair stringer reinforcing bar 6 includes stair stringer principal rod, stair stringer bearing rod, stair stringer stirrup, and preferential recommendation uses No. 8 iron wires to make Stair stringer principal rod, stair stringer bearing rod, make stair stringer stirrup with No. 16 iron wires;Stair stringer principal rod and stair stringer bearing rod phase The most parallel, it is positioned at the corner of stair stringer stirrup;Stair stringer stirrup is encrypted at stair stringer reinforcing bar 6 two ends.
Landing 7 is the intermediate member being connected with the lower end of epimere stair and the upper end of hypomere stair by stair stringer; Landing 7 includes landing upper plate, landing base plate, landing side plate;Preferential recommendation uses the organic of 2 millimeters thick Glass plate makees landing upper plate, makees landing base plate and landing side plate with the plank of 20 millimeters thick;On landing Plate is parallel with landing base plate, and centre is installed with landing reinforcing bar 8;Landing reinforcing bar 8 include top bars mesh sheet and Lower floor's reinforced mesh, with No. 16 iron wires interval 50-75 ligation reinforced mesh, between top bars mesh sheet and lower floor's reinforced mesh between Away from 25-30 millimeter, being connected with spacer block with between landing reinforcing bar 8, spacer block uses the wooden unit of length of side 20-30 mm of thickness 5 millimeters Making, the spacing between spacer block is not more than 200 millimeters;The side of landing reinforcing bar 8 is by stair stringer reinforcing bar 6 and stair slab Muscle 2 connects, and opposite side gos deep in body of wall 10.
Floor plates 9 is the floorboard of every layer of building, is connected with staircase boards 1 by stair stringer.
Body of wall 10 is the body of wall of building, and three face wall bodies 10 surround staircase, and landing 7 three is connected with body of wall 10.
Sign Board 11 is the board shape parts being identified the board-like each associated components of concrete stair structure model;Sign Board 11 are made up of label, sensing bar and connector;Indicate on label composition the title of parts of concrete column model, specification, model, Effect and relevant content, a jiao of label consolidates with pointing to bar;Pointing to bar is to connect label to tie with board-like concrete staircase The parts of structure model, are in one jiao of consolidation of oblique state, one end and label, the other end and board-like concrete stair structure model Part consolidation.
The manufacture method of board-like concrete stair structure model is, successively first fabrication and installation board-like concrete stair structure mould The peripheral components of type, then installs landing 7 base plate and stair stringer shell 5, then sets up staircase boards 1, then install stair stringer Reinforcing bar 6, landing reinforcing bar 8, staircase boards reinforcing bar 2, installing landing 7 panel, stair step 3, finally installing Sign Board 11;
The peripheral components of board-like concrete stair structure model includes body of wall 10 and floor plates 9, and the foundation of making is design drawing, By the standard width of a room in an old-style house of staircase of design requirement, depth by scaled mode, surround with the material of body of wall 10;By the layer of floor Height, proportionally, carries out space separation with the material of floor plates 9, reserves the position of mounting plate type concrete stair structure model Put;
In board-like concrete stair structure model, the base plate of landing 7 is installed in the position of landing 7, by landing 7 The side of base plate consolidate with body of wall 10;At the opposite side that the base plate of landing 7 is corresponding with body of wall 10, stair stringer shell is installed 5;The upper surface of the base plate of the suitable for reading and landing 7 of the outer panel of stair stringer shell 5 is the neatest and intersects vertically;Same method Install the stair stringer shell 5 at lower two floors plate 9, the side of the stair stringer shell 5 near the method for installation and landing 7 Method is identical, simply requires to note being connected the outer panel of stair stringer shell 5 respectively with two floors plate 9, outside reserved stair stringer The interior plate of shell 5 is connected with staircase boards 1;
Staircase boards 1 is set up after installing the outer panel of stair stringer shell 5, base plate, interior plate;Staircase boards 1 include stair base plate with Check of staircase;Staircase boards 1 is angularly disposed;Outside the following upper surface of the base plate of the hypomere plate of staircase boards 1 is with the stair stringer of floor plates 9 The interior plate either flush of shell 5 and connection;Near the upper surface of the base plate top of the hypomere plate of staircase boards 1 and landing 7 The interior plate either flush of stair stringer shell 5 and connection;Upper surface that the base plate of the epimere plate of staircase boards 1 is following and landing The interior plate either flush of the stair stringer shell 5 near 7 and connection;The upper surface of the base plate top of the epimere plate of staircase boards 1 with The interior plate either flush of the stair stringer shell 5 of floor plates 9 and connection;
Check and landing reinforcing bar 8 be installed after staircase boards 1 installation qualification, by the principal rod of landing reinforcing bar 8, bearing rod, Stirrup assemble after after spacer block is installed in the bottom of landing reinforcing bar 8 and both sides, entirety is placed in stair stringer shell 5, checks After qualified, staircase boards reinforcing bar 2 is installed;
After all reinforcement installation is good, landing 7 panel, stair step 3 are installed, make landing 7 panel put down with stair The side plate snapping of platform 7, stair step 3 and the side plate snapping of staircase boards 1;
All after parts installation qualification, Sign Board 11 is installed, makes the sensing bar of Sign Board 11 and board-like concrete stair structure mould Each position of type connects.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows and make university students or rural migrant worker be imparted knowledge to students by model display, board-like concrete staircase is tied The structure of structure has directly understanding, it is simple to understand.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 board-like concrete stair structure model schematic side view.
Fig. 2 board-like concrete stair structure model schematic top plan view.
In figure: 1-staircase boards;2-staircase boards reinforcing bar;3-stair step shell;5-stair stringer shell;6-stair stringer reinforcing bar; 7-landing;8-landing reinforcing bar;9-floor plates;10-body of wall;11-Sign Board.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment
Certain university's designed, designed uses board-like concrete stair structure model as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, board-like concrete Staircase structure model, is characterized in that, by staircase boards 1, staircase boards reinforcing bar 2, stair step 3, stair stringer shell 5, stair stringer reinforcing bar 6, landing 7, landing reinforcing bar 8, floor plates 9, body of wall 10 and Sign Board 11 composition;Stair are angularly disposed, with stair Platform is boundary, point epimere and hypomere;Epimere and each several part shell of hypomere stair, arrangement of reinforcement are the most identical, but the parts that two ends connect Different;Epimere top consolidates with floor plates 9, consolidates with landing 7 bottom epimere;Hypomere top consolidates with landing 7, on Consolidate with floor plates 9 bottom Duan;Staircase boards reinforcing bar 2 is arranged on the top of staircase boards 1, two ends respectively with stair stringer reinforcing bar 6, stair Platform reinforcing bar 8 and the bar connecting of floor plates 9;The colligation of staircase boards reinforcing bar 2 intersection connects;Stair step 3 is arranged on staircase boards Reinforcing bar 2 top;Landing 7 and body of wall 10 3 consolidation;Sign Board 11 is separately mounted to staircase boards 1, stair step 3, stair On beam shell 5, landing 7, floor plates 9, body of wall 10.
Staircase boards 1 is the part of staircase boards reinforcing bar 2 bottom, uses the plank of 30 millimeters to make;The two ends of staircase boards 1 are respectively Consolidated with floor plates 9 and landing 7 by stair stringer shell 5;The two ends of staircase boards 1 are respectively by stair stringer shell 5, stair Beam steel 6 is connected with floor plates 9 and landing 7, landing reinforcing bar 8;
Staircase boards reinforcing bar 2 includes that muscle is indulged in gangboard bottom, gangboard bottom distributing reinforcement, gangboard holder top indulge muscle, gangboard holder top Distributing reinforcement, uses No. 8 iron wires to indulge muscle as gangboard bottom, gangboard bottom distributing reinforcement, gangboard holder top are indulged on muscle, gangboard bearing Portion's distributing reinforcement;It is the vertical muscle arranged along gangboard diagonal length that muscle is indulged in gangboard bottom, isometric with staircase boards 1, and two ends are goed deep into stair and put down In platform reinforcing bar 8;Gangboard bottom distributing reinforcement is provided in Zong Jin top, gangboard bottom and indulges the horizontal steel of muscle ligation with gangboard bottom Muscle;The length 30mm shorter than the width of staircase boards 1 of gangboard bottom distributing reinforcement;Gangboard holder top is indulged muscle and is divided with gangboard holder top Cloth muscle is in the reinforcing bar on the top at staircase boards 1 two ends 1/4, and the gap indulging muscle with gangboard bottom is staircase boards thickness;Gangboard Holder top indulges muscle two ends band crotch, deeply anchors to the bar diameter no less than 5 times of the length in stair stringer reinforcing bar 6;Gangboard Holder top distributing reinforcement is positioned at gangboard holder top and indulges the lower section of muscle, indulges muscle ligation with gangboard holder top;
Being connected by spacer block between staircase boards 1 with staircase boards reinforcing bar 2, the wooden unit of the spacer block length of side 20 mm of thickness 5 millimeters is made, Spacing is not more than 200 millimeters of settings, uses No. 22 iron wire colligations, be shelved on the upper surface of staircase boards 1 between spacer block and reinforcing bar.
Stair step 3 is made up of transverse slat of marking time, toe riser and end plate of marking time, and uses the poly (methyl methacrylate) plate of 2 millimeters Make;The width of stair step 3 transverse slat is 80 millimeters, and the height of riser is 45 millimeters;Stair step 3 is positioned at staircase boards reinforcing bar 2 Top, the stair step 3 made through poly (methyl methacrylate) plate can observe the distribution situation of staircase boards reinforcing bar 2 intuitively;Mark time Transverse slat, toe riser are mutually perpendicular to intersect and consolidate with end plate of marking time;For ease of installation and the adjustment of staircase boards reinforcing bar 2, stair Mark time and 3 be set to snapping with staircase boards 1 and be connected.
Stair stringer shell 5 is positioned at two ends and the consolidation of staircase boards 1, uses the poly (methyl methacrylate) plate of 3 millimeters thick to make;Stair stringer Shell 5 includes stair stringer inner hull, stair stringer Shell Plate and stair stringer base plate, stair stringer end plate;Stair stringer inner hull, stair stringer The height of Shell Plate is 80 millimeters, and the height of stair stringer Shell Plate is 80 millimeters;Stair stringer inner hull, stair stringer Shell Plate are mutual Parallel and vertical with stair stringer base plate, stair stringer end plate;Stair stringer inner hull is positioned at staircase boards 1 side, stair stringer Shell Plate position In landing 7 or floor plates 9 side;Stair stringer end plate is positioned at stair stringer inner hull, stair stringer Shell Plate and stair stringer base plate Both ends;Stair stringer inner hull, stair stringer Shell Plate and stair stringer base plate, stair stringer end plate are positioned at outside stair stringer reinforcing bar 6 Enclose;
Stair stringer reinforcing bar 6 is positioned at the two ends of staircase boards reinforcing bar 2, and side and gangboard holder top indulge muscle wherein and ligation, separately Side and landing reinforcing bar 8 or the bar connecting of floor plates 9;By spacer block phase between stair stringer reinforcing bar 6 with stair stringer shell 5 Even;
Stair stringer reinforcing bar 6 includes stair stringer principal rod, stair stringer bearing rod, stair stringer stirrup, uses No. 8 iron wires to be subject to as stair stringer Power muscle, stair stringer bearing rod, make stair stringer stirrup with No. 16 iron wires;Stair stringer principal rod and stair stringer bearing rod are parallel to each other, It is positioned at the corner of stair stringer stirrup;Stair stringer stirrup is encrypted at stair stringer reinforcing bar 6 two ends.
Landing 7 is the intermediate member being connected with the lower end of epimere stair and the upper end of hypomere stair by stair stringer; Landing 7 includes landing upper plate, landing base plate, landing side plate;The poly (methyl methacrylate) plate using 2 millimeters thick is made Landing upper plate, makees landing base plate and landing side plate with the plank of 20 millimeters thick;Landing upper plate and stair Platform floor is parallel, and centre is installed with landing reinforcing bar 8;Landing reinforcing bar 8 includes top bars mesh sheet and lower floor's reinforcing bar Mesh sheet, with No. 16 iron wire interval 50-75 ligation reinforced mesh, spacing 25 milli between top bars mesh sheet and lower floor's reinforced mesh Rice, is connected with spacer block with between landing reinforcing bar 8, and spacer block uses the wooden unit of the length of side 20 mm of thickness 5 millimeters to make, between spacer block Spacing be not more than 200 millimeters;The side of landing reinforcing bar 8 is connected with staircase boards reinforcing bar 2 by stair stringer reinforcing bar 6, another Side is goed deep in body of wall 10.
Floor plates 9 is the floorboard of every layer of building, is connected with staircase boards 1 by stair stringer.
Body of wall 10 is the body of wall of building, and three face wall bodies 10 surround staircase, and landing 7 three is connected with body of wall 10.
Sign Board 11 is the board shape parts being identified the board-like each associated components of concrete stair structure model;Sign Board 11 are made up of label, sensing bar and connector;Indicate on label composition the title of parts of concrete column model, specification, model, Effect and relevant content, a jiao of label consolidates with pointing to bar;Pointing to bar is to connect label to tie with board-like concrete staircase The parts of structure model, are in one jiao of consolidation of oblique state, one end and label, the other end and board-like concrete stair structure model Part consolidation.
The manufacture method of board-like concrete stair structure model is, successively first fabrication and installation board-like concrete stair structure mould The peripheral components of type, then installs landing 7 base plate and stair stringer shell 5, then sets up staircase boards 1, then install stair stringer Reinforcing bar 6, landing reinforcing bar 8, staircase boards reinforcing bar 2, installing landing 7 panel, stair step 3, finally installing Sign Board 11;
The peripheral components of board-like concrete stair structure model includes body of wall 10 and floor plates 9, and the foundation of making is design drawing, By the standard width of a room in an old-style house of staircase of design requirement, depth by scaled mode, surround with the material of body of wall 10;By the layer of floor Height, proportionally, carries out space separation with the material of floor plates 9, reserves the position of mounting plate type concrete stair structure model Put;
In board-like concrete stair structure model, the base plate of landing 7 is installed in the position of landing 7, by landing 7 The side of base plate consolidate with body of wall 10;At the opposite side that the base plate of landing 7 is corresponding with body of wall 10, stair stringer shell is installed 5;The upper surface of the base plate of the suitable for reading and landing 7 of the outer panel of stair stringer shell 5 is the neatest and intersects vertically;Same method Install the stair stringer shell 5 at lower two floors plate 9, the side of the stair stringer shell 5 near the method for installation and landing 7 Method is identical, simply requires to note being connected the outer panel of stair stringer shell 5 respectively with two floors plate 9, outside reserved stair stringer The interior plate of shell 5 is connected with staircase boards 1;
Staircase boards 1 is set up after installing the outer panel of stair stringer shell 5, base plate, interior plate;Staircase boards 1 include stair base plate with Check of staircase;Staircase boards 1 is angularly disposed;Outside the following upper surface of the base plate of the hypomere plate of staircase boards 1 is with the stair stringer of floor plates 9 The interior plate either flush of shell 5 and connection;Near the upper surface of the base plate top of the hypomere plate of staircase boards 1 and landing 7 The interior plate either flush of stair stringer shell 5 and connection;Upper surface that the base plate of the epimere plate of staircase boards 1 is following and landing The interior plate either flush of the stair stringer shell 5 near 7 and connection;The upper surface of the base plate top of the epimere plate of staircase boards 1 with The interior plate either flush of the stair stringer shell 5 of floor plates 9 and connection;
Check and landing reinforcing bar 8 be installed after staircase boards 1 installation qualification, by the principal rod of landing reinforcing bar 8, bearing rod, Stirrup assemble after after spacer block is installed in the bottom of landing reinforcing bar 8 and both sides, entirety is placed in stair stringer shell 5, checks After qualified, staircase boards reinforcing bar 2 is installed;After all reinforcement installation is good, landing 7 panel, stair step 3 is installed, makes building Ladder platform 7 panel and the side plate snapping of landing 7, stair step 3 and the side plate snapping of staircase boards 1;All parts are installed and are closed After lattice, Sign Board 11 is installed, makes the bar that points to of Sign Board 11 be connected with each position of board-like concrete stair structure model.

Claims (9)

  1. The most board-like concrete stair structure model, is characterized in that, by staircase boards (1), staircase boards reinforcing bar (2), stair step (3), Stair stringer shell (5), stair stringer reinforcing bar (6), landing (7), landing reinforcing bar (8), floor plates (9), body of wall (10) with Sign Board (11) forms;Stair are angularly disposed, with landing as boundary, and point epimere and hypomere;Epimere is each with hypomere stair Part enclosure, arrangement of reinforcement are the most identical, but the parts that two ends connect are different;Epimere top consolidates with floor plates (9), bottom epimere and building Ladder platform (7) consolidation;Hypomere top consolidates with landing (7), consolidates with floor plates (9) bottom epimere;Staircase boards reinforcing bar (2) Be arranged on the top of staircase boards (1), two ends respectively with stair stringer reinforcing bar (6), landing reinforcing bar (8) and the steel of floor plates (9) Muscle connects;The colligation of staircase boards reinforcing bar (2) intersection connects;Stair step (3) is arranged on staircase boards reinforcing bar (2) top;Stair are put down Platform (7) and body of wall (10) three consolidation;Sign Board (11) is separately mounted to staircase boards (1), stair step (3), stair stringer shell (5), on landing (7), floor plates (9), body of wall (10).
  2. Board-like concrete stair structure model the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that, staircase boards (1) is stair slabs The part of muscle (2) bottom;The two ends of staircase boards (1) are respectively by stair stringer shell (5) and floor plates (9) and landing (7) Consolidation;The two ends of staircase boards (1) are respectively by stair stringer shell (5), stair stringer reinforcing bar (6) and floor plates (9) and landing (7), landing reinforcing bar (8) connects;
    Staircase boards reinforcing bar (2) includes that muscle is indulged in gangboard bottom, gangboard bottom distributing reinforcement, gangboard holder top are indulged on muscle, gangboard bearing Portion's distributing reinforcement;It is the vertical muscle arranged along gangboard diagonal length that muscle is indulged in gangboard bottom, and isometric with staircase boards (1), stair are goed deep at two ends In platform reinforcing bar (8);Gangboard bottom distributing reinforcement is provided in Zong Jin top, gangboard bottom and indulges the horizontal stroke of muscle ligation with gangboard bottom To reinforcing bar;The length of gangboard bottom distributing reinforcement is than the short 30mm of width of staircase boards (1);Gangboard holder top indulges muscle and gangboard bearing Top distributing reinforcement is in the reinforcing bar on the top at staircase boards (1) two ends 1/4, and the gap indulging muscle with gangboard bottom is stair thickness of slab Degree;Gangboard holder top indulges muscle two ends band crotch, deeply anchors in stair stringer reinforcing bar (6);Gangboard holder top distributing reinforcement position Indulge the lower section of muscle in gangboard holder top, indulge muscle ligation with gangboard holder top;
    It is connected by spacer block between staircase boards (1) with staircase boards reinforcing bar (2).
  3. Board-like concrete stair structure model the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that, stair step (3) is by marking time Transverse slat, toe riser and end plate composition of marking time, be positioned at the top of staircase boards reinforcing bar (2);Mark time transverse slat, toe riser and mark time End plate is mutually perpendicular to intersect and consolidation;Stair step (3) and staircase boards (1) snapping.
  4. Board-like concrete stair structure model the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that, stair stringer shell (5) is positioned at building The two ends of gangboard (1) and consolidation;Stair stringer shell (5) includes stair stringer inner hull, stair stringer Shell Plate and stair stringer base plate, building Ladder beam end plate;Stair stringer inner hull, stair stringer Shell Plate are parallel to each other, and vertical with stair stringer base plate, stair stringer end plate;Stair Beam inner hull is positioned at staircase boards (1) side, and stair stringer Shell Plate is positioned at landing (7) or floor plates (9) side;Stair beam-ends Plate is positioned at stair stringer inner hull, stair stringer Shell Plate and the both ends of stair stringer base plate;Stair stringer inner hull, stair stringer Shell Plate With the periphery that stair stringer base plate, stair stringer end plate are positioned at stair stringer reinforcing bar (6);
    Stair stringer reinforcing bar (6) is positioned at the two ends of staircase boards reinforcing bar (2), and side and gangboard holder top are indulged muscle and wherein and pricked Knot, opposite side and landing reinforcing bar (8) or the bar connecting of floor plates (9);Stair stringer reinforcing bar (6) and stair stringer shell (5) Between by spacer block be connected;Stair stringer reinforcing bar (6) includes stair stringer principal rod, stair stringer bearing rod, stair stringer stirrup;Stair stringer Principal rod and stair stringer bearing rod are parallel to each other, and are positioned at the corner of stair stringer stirrup;Stair stringer stirrup is at stair stringer reinforcing bar (6) two Encrypt at end.
  5. Board-like concrete stair structure model the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that, landing (7) is to pass through building The intermediate member that ladder beam is connected with the lower end of epimere stair and the upper end of hypomere stair;Landing (7) includes on landing Plate, landing base plate, landing side plate;Landing upper plate is parallel with landing base plate, and centre is installed with stair and puts down Platform reinforcing bar (8), is connected with spacer block with between landing reinforcing bar (8);Stair stringer reinforcing bar is passed through in the side of landing reinforcing bar (8) (6) being connected with staircase boards reinforcing bar (2), opposite side gos deep in body of wall (10).
  6. Board-like concrete stair structure model the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that, floor plates (9) is that building is every The floorboard of layer, is connected with staircase boards (1) by stair stringer.
  7. Board-like concrete stair structure model the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that, body of wall (10) is the wall of building Body, three face wall bodies (10) surround staircase, and landing (7) three is connected with body of wall (10).
  8. Board-like concrete stair structure model the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that, Sign Board (11) is to board-like mixed The board shape parts that the solidifying Tulou each associated components of ladder structural model is identified;Sign Board (11) is by label, sensing bar and connector Composition;One jiao of label consolidates with pointing to bar;Pointing to bar is the parts connecting label with board-like concrete stair structure model, place Part consolidation in one jiao of consolidation of oblique state, one end and label, the other end and board-like concrete stair structure model.
  9. The manufacture method of the most board-like concrete stair structure model, is characterized in that, successively the first board-like concrete staircase of fabrication and installation The peripheral components of structural model, then installs landing (7) base plate and stair stringer shell (5), then sets up staircase boards (1), Stair stringer reinforcing bar (6), landing reinforcing bar (8), staircase boards reinforcing bar (2) are installed again, then landing (7) panel, stair are installed Mark time (3), Sign Board (11) is finally installed;
    The peripheral components of board-like concrete stair structure model includes body of wall (10) and floor plates (9), and the foundation of making is design Drawing, the standard width of a room in an old-style house of staircase design required, depth, by scaled mode, surround with the material of body of wall (10);Will The floor height of floor, proportionally, carries out space separation with the material of floor plates (9), reserves mounting plate type concrete staircase knot The position of structure model;
    In board-like concrete stair structure model, the base plate of landing (7) is installed in the position of landing (7), is put down by stair The side of the base plate of platform (7) consolidates with body of wall (10);In the opposite side that the base plate of landing (7) is corresponding with body of wall (10), peace Dress stair stringer shell (5);The upper surface of the base plate of the suitable for reading and landing (7) of the outer panel of stair stringer shell (5) and neat and Intersect vertically;Same method installs the stair stringer shell (5) at lower two floors plate (9) place, and the method for installation is put down with stair The method of the stair stringer shell (5) near platform (7) is identical, simply require to note by the outer panel of stair stringer shell (5) respectively with Two floors plate (9) is connected, and the interior plate of reserved stair stringer shell (5) is connected with staircase boards (1);
    Staircase boards (1) is set up after installing the outer panel of stair stringer shell (5), base plate, interior plate;Staircase boards (1) includes stair Base plate and check of staircase;Staircase boards (1) is angularly disposed;Upper surface that the base plate of the hypomere plate of staircase boards (1) is following and floor plates (9) the interior plate either flush of stair stringer shell (5) and connection;The upper surface of the base plate top of the hypomere plate of staircase boards (1) With the interior plate either flush of the stair stringer shell (5) near landing (7) and being connected;The end of the epimere plate of staircase boards (1) The interior plate either flush of the following upper surface of plate and the stair stringer shell (5) near landing (7) and being connected;Staircase boards (1) the interior plate either flush of the stair stringer shell (5) of the upper surface of the base plate top of epimere plate and floor plates (9) and company Connect;
    Landing reinforcing bar (8) is being installed, by principal rod, the frame of landing reinforcing bar (8) after checking staircase boards (1) installation qualification Stud, stirrup assemble after after spacer block is installed in the bottom of landing reinforcing bar (8) and both sides, entirety is placed on stair stringer shell (5), in, after passed examination, staircase boards reinforcing bar (2) is installed;
    After all reinforcement installation are good, landing (7) panel, stair step (3) are installed, make landing (7) panel and The side plate snapping of the side plate snapping of landing (7), stair step (3) and staircase boards (1);
    All after parts installation qualification, Sign Board (11) is installed, makes the sensing bar of Sign Board (11) tie with board-like concrete staircase Each position of structure model connects.
CN201610639752.1A 2016-08-08 2016-08-08 Board-like concrete stair structure model and manufacture method Pending CN106097876A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106898241A (en) * 2017-05-05 2017-06-27 盐城工业职业技术学院 A kind of stair teaching mode and its manufacture method

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100864211B1 (en) * 2007-10-10 2008-10-17 정민선 Precast concrete unit structure having inverted triangular sectional shape for stairs, fabricated stairway using the same
CN201661021U (en) * 2010-03-11 2010-12-01 张吉华 Prefabricated reinforced concrete stair
CN203742099U (en) * 2013-12-29 2014-07-30 中国建筑第七工程局有限公司 Reinforced concrete prefabricated staircase structure
CN204456693U (en) * 2014-12-19 2015-07-08 中国联合工程公司 A kind of steel work stringer type stairway slidably hinged-support of deck type step plate
CN205264248U (en) * 2016-01-12 2016-05-25 南京工业职业技术学院 Adopt AT type stair construction teaching mode of toughened glass tap -tap face

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100864211B1 (en) * 2007-10-10 2008-10-17 정민선 Precast concrete unit structure having inverted triangular sectional shape for stairs, fabricated stairway using the same
CN201661021U (en) * 2010-03-11 2010-12-01 张吉华 Prefabricated reinforced concrete stair
CN203742099U (en) * 2013-12-29 2014-07-30 中国建筑第七工程局有限公司 Reinforced concrete prefabricated staircase structure
CN204456693U (en) * 2014-12-19 2015-07-08 中国联合工程公司 A kind of steel work stringer type stairway slidably hinged-support of deck type step plate
CN205264248U (en) * 2016-01-12 2016-05-25 南京工业职业技术学院 Adopt AT type stair construction teaching mode of toughened glass tap -tap face

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106898241A (en) * 2017-05-05 2017-06-27 盐城工业职业技术学院 A kind of stair teaching mode and its manufacture method

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Application publication date: 20161109