CN106088758B - A kind of bilayer assembled underground granary - Google Patents

A kind of bilayer assembled underground granary Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN106088758B
CN106088758B CN201610525750.XA CN201610525750A CN106088758B CN 106088758 B CN106088758 B CN 106088758B CN 201610525750 A CN201610525750 A CN 201610525750A CN 106088758 B CN106088758 B CN 106088758B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
bulkhead
prefabricated
function
barn
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201610525750.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106088758A (en
Inventor
王振清
张昊
陈桂香
刘海燕
张虎
金立兵
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhengzhou Ditian Grain Tank Factory Technology Co., Ltd.
Original Assignee
Henan University of Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Henan University of Technology filed Critical Henan University of Technology
Priority to CN201610525750.XA priority Critical patent/CN106088758B/en
Publication of CN106088758A publication Critical patent/CN106088758A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106088758B publication Critical patent/CN106088758B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H7/00Construction or assembling of bulk storage containers employing civil engineering techniques in situ or off the site
    • E04H7/22Containers for fluent solids, e.g. silos, bunkers; Supports therefor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D17/00Excavations; Bordering of excavations; Making embankments
    • E02D17/02Foundation pits
    • E02D17/04Bordering surfacing or stiffening the sides of foundation pits
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H7/00Construction or assembling of bulk storage containers employing civil engineering techniques in situ or off the site
    • E04H7/22Containers for fluent solids, e.g. silos, bunkers; Supports therefor
    • E04H7/24Constructions, with or without perforated walls, depending on the use of specified materials
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H7/00Construction or assembling of bulk storage containers employing civil engineering techniques in situ or off the site
    • E04H7/22Containers for fluent solids, e.g. silos, bunkers; Supports therefor
    • E04H2007/225Silos with retaining wall type wall elements, e.g. trench silos
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/51Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture specially adapted for storing agricultural or horticultural products

Abstract

A kind of bilayer assembled underground granary, which includes orlop, outer bulkhead, inner barn wall, silo roof and multiple function;The inner barn wall and outer bulkhead are to be spliced by polylith prefabricated chunk, and there is attachment device on prefabricated chunk periphery, can be attached with contiguous prefabricated plate and multiple function by attachment device prefabricated chunk;The multiple function positions bulkhead, and the depth anchored into soil is more than storehouse bottom plate depth, is subject to soil pressure, pressure and the main bearing member for resisting buoyancy;It is characterized in that:It is integral with multiple function connection between outer bulkhead and inner barn wall, form three-dimensional space structure, shared soil pressure, grain lateral pressure and buoyancy;For ventilation and leakage inspection channel in the gap that outer bulkhead, inner barn wall and multiple function surround;Multiple function is divided into several sections from top to bottom, and first layer bulkhead plate is equipped on the inside of the first segment of top layer, second layer bulkhead plate is equipped on the inside of second segment, and the double-deck assembled underground granary is formed until bottom one layer of bulkhead plate with above-mentioned similar set-up mode.

Description

A kind of bilayer assembled underground granary
Technical field
The present invention relates to underground granary technical fields, and in particular to a kind of bilayer assembled underground granary.
Background technology
Underground granary is built under shallow layer surface, long-term low-temperature grain-storage, is kept grain quality, is inhibited insect pest, avoids It is stifling using toxic agents, corollary failure and dual-purpose equal many merits of drawing are resisted, many experts are consistent with scholar to think reasonable Promote and apply underground grain storehouse new system and new technology, can realize low-temperature environment-friendly, it is energy saving save land, detraction of guaranteeing the quality, ecological grain storage.
The existing underground granary in China generally in the lower general loess of level of ground water and is suitble to being stained with property regional, such as cave dwelling Storehouse, loudspeaker storehouse, double curvature arch storehouse, semi-underground bin, hole shape loudspeaker storehouse;Underground bin built simultaneously is mostly brickwork construction, and capacity is small, accounts for Ground area is big, mechanization degree is low.
It is useful in the Novel underground silo that level of ground water is higher, complex geological condition region can promote and apply in order to build, Some national patents and document also proposed circular grain bin, the large space Underground Rectangular that cylinder, semicircular cylinder surround, and combined type is enclosed in stake The storehouses such as underground bin type, but the popularization and application of above-mentioned new storehouse type, there is also some urgent problems to be solved, such as:(1) underground grain storage Storehouse has high standard waterproof, moisture-proof requirement.Ensure that warehouse is water-tight within service life, it is impermeable;The web material of use is easy Aging, working procedure is complicated, and difficulty is big, is susceptible to construction quality problem.(2) the wet construction environment construction period of deep basal pit It is long.After excavation of foundation pit, precipitation, orlop plate is cast-in-place, bulkhead slding form operation needs to carry out in wet construction environmental condition for a long time, and labour is strong Big, long construction period is spent, construction cost is high.(3) pattern foundation pit supporting structure is costly.For such deep basal pit, " piling bar+waist rail+water shutoff steel Plate " pattern foundation pit supporting structure is relatively inexpensive mode, but expense accounts for the 25-30% of civil engineering construction cost, and construction cost is higher.
Application No. is a kind of underground granary of the disclosure of the invention of CN200910207155.1, including silo roof, bulkhead and orlop, The bulkhead Covered with Angles, waterproof that steel plate can be separately as bulkhead, damp-proof layer, also can bulkhead connect to be formed with steel member with steel plate The bulkhead of composite structure carrys out waterproof, moisture-proof.The shape of underground granary bulkhead be linear or curved shape, as cylindrical shape, square tube shape, Semicircle bulkhead etc..The invention solves the problems, such as the waterproof and dampproof of orlop plate by encased steel plate.It constructs simultaneously in orlop When, steel plate accelerates speed of application as template, reduces construction cost, but its construction, which is cast in situs, constructs, and the construction The deficiencies of method needs to carry out excavation of foundation pit, and it is of high cost to there is integral constructing in this way, long construction period.
Application No. is a kind of underground granary of the disclosure of the invention of CN200910207154.7, including silo roof, bulkhead and orlop, The bulkhead is divided into inner and outer wall, is linked to be entirety using connector between inner wall and outer wall, forms cavity between inner wall and outer wall, The cavity is used for the detection and reparation of underground granary leak, and for underground granary ventilation and the detection of grain feelings.The invention silo It is also required to excavation of foundation pit, there is the deficiencies of high construction trouble, construction cost, long construction period.
Prefabricated construction is one of the effective way for realizing building structure industrialization and building energy conservation section row, for a long time with Come, concrete construction mainly use site operation traditional work mode, industrialization degree is low, water consume, energy consumption, artificial rubbish, Quantity of wastewater effluent is big, does not meet the Sustainable development policies of national energy-saving and environmental protection.It, can be pre- with factory using fabricated construction System, assembled in situ, realize building structure industrialization, while can effectively improve material building energy conservation and structural behaviour effect Rate, energy saving and resource, reduce the harmful effect of building waste and environment, reduce construction site limitation etc..Therefore, in order to carry For it is a kind of " it is fast, good, save " the new storehouse type of underground grain storage, research and develop prefabricated assembled Novel underground storehouse have become it is required.
Invention content
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of double-deck assembled underground granary, the bulkheads of the prefabricated assembled underground granary It is surrounded by steel plate, this steel plate can replace waterproof roll, have preferable waterproof, anti-seepage effect and comprehensive benefit;Prefabricated bulkhead plate can It being produced in prefabricated components factory normalization, processing and manufacturing quality can effectively control and energy conservation and environmental protection, Prefabricated Assembling, Mechanization installation, can crossed construction, shorten the construction period.In addition, prefabricated warehouse structure can be used as foundation pit supporting system, section About pattern foundation pit supporting structure cost reduces construction investment.
The present invention solution be:A kind of bilayer assembled underground granary, the underground granary include orlop, outer bulkhead, Inner barn wall, silo roof and multiple function;The inner barn wall and outer bulkhead are to be spliced by polylith prefabricated chunk, prefabricated chunk There is attachment device on periphery, can be attached with contiguous prefabricated plate and multiple function by attachment device prefabricated chunk;It is described Multiple function positions bulkhead, anchors into depth in soil and is more than storehouse bottom plate depth, be subject to soil pressure, pressure and Resist the main bearing member of buoyancy;It is characterized in that:Integral, formation is connected between outer bulkhead and inner barn wall with multiple function Three-dimensional space structure, shared soil pressure, grain lateral pressure and buoyancy;It is surrounded in outer bulkhead, inner barn wall and multiple function Gap in for ventilation and leakage inspection channel;Multiple function is divided into several sections from top to bottom, is equipped on the inside of the first segment of top layer First layer bulkhead plate is equipped with second layer bulkhead plate on the inside of second segment, with above-mentioned set-up mode, until bottom one layer of bulkhead Plate forms the double-deck assembled underground granary.
The present invention is characterized in that the multiple function is set using steel column or the concrete column equipped with steel embedded part, multiple function There is positioning steel member.Multiple function using steel column or can make adjacent bulkhead plate easily be carried out with multiple function equipped with steel embedded part Welding;The positioning steel member of multiple function can accurately be positioned when prefabricated bulkhead plate is installed, while in prefabricated bulkhead Fixed function is provided before plate and multiple function welding.
The present invention be further characterized in that inner barn wall or outer bulkhead be inside steel plate and outside concrete slab combine it is integral Structure, inside steel plate are connect with concrete using holdfast.In this way, the steel plate of prefabricated bulkhead plate can replace in waterproof roll and bulkhead Layer reinforcing bar, has preferable waterproof, anti-seepage effect and comprehensive benefit;Steel plate connect to form steel plate coagulation with concrete using holdfast The native prefabricated bulkhead plate of composite structure, it not only reduces the hard work of bulkhead reinforcing bar binding, saves bulkhead Production Time, drops Low labor cost, and reduce the quantity and expense template used for pouring ordinary reinforced concrete structure;In addition, Prefabricated bulkhead plate can be produced in prefabricated components factory normalization, and processing and manufacturing quality can effectively control and energy conservation and environmental protection, prefabricated Finished product Assembling, mechanization installation, can crossed construction, shorten the construction period;Finally, the prefabricated bulkhead plate tool of composite structure Have the advantages that high capacity, cracking resistance are good, energy dissipation capacity is strong, ductility is good.
The present invention is further characterized in that there is U-shaped steel plate cornerite on four sides of the prefabricated chunk for being spliced into outer bulkhead.This The U-shaped steel plate cornerite of sample, the prefabricated chunk can be such that prefabricated chunk is easily welded with multiple function.
The present invention is further characterized in that the prefabricated chunk circumferential direction horizontal outer side for being spliced into outer bulkhead is concordant, and outside is straight It connects and is welded to connect with multiple function.
The present invention, which is further characterized in that, is spliced into the prefabricated chunk of outer bulkhead vertical outboard alignment up and down, it is adjacent up and down Outside, the inside of prefabricated chunk are welded with junction steel plate;On the outside, inside junction steel plate and contiguous prefabricated plate surround The water-proof concrete of identical as a prefabricated bulkhead plate or high strength grade is poured in cavity.Soil pressure on the outside of underground bin is more than it Interior grain is to the lateral pressure of bulkhead, so in bulkhead structure design, underground bin is only by the stress work of soil pressure when hole capital after selling all securities Condition is worst, and actually along bulkhead, the soil body gradually increases the pressure of bulkhead from top to bottom, therefore, every layer of prefabricated bulkhead The thickness of plate should carry out variable cross-section design according to bulkhead loading characteristic could more rationally, and bulkhead expenditure of construction could be passed through more Ji.The vertical outside of prefabricated bulkhead plate is concordant, and every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate can both have been made to be easier to weld and position with multiple function, interior Side can also could be adjusted to meet rational variable cross-section design requirement according to actual loading situation.Neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate The inside and outside both sides in end are welded to connect with junction steel plate, and water-proof concrete is poured between them, on the one hand can be met in this way Under contiguous prefabricated plate connecting node Structural Design Requirement, while for the waterproof of bulkhead lap-joint to provide two reliable for inside and outside steel plate Waterproof measure.
The present invention is further characterized in that the prefabricated chunk circumferential direction horizontal outer side for being spliced into inner barn wall is concordant, and outside is straight It connects and is welded to connect with multiple function, welded with junction steel plate on the inside of the contiguous prefabricated plate in left and right, in multiple function, contiguous prefabricated plate The water-proof concrete of identical as a prefabricated bulkhead plate or high strength grade is poured in the cavity that block and junction steel plate surround.This Sample, is welded to connect on the inside of bulkhead plate with junction steel plate, on the one hand has the second waterproof measure increased at node, and make Multiple function and prefabricated bulkhead and the concrete between it form overall structure, keep stress more reasonable, node construction is more Add simple and convenient.
The present invention, which is further characterized in that, is spliced into the prefabricated chunk of inner barn wall vertical outboard alignment up and down, it is adjacent up and down Outside, the inside of prefabricated chunk are welded with junction steel plate;On the outside, inside junction steel plate and contiguous prefabricated plate surround The water-proof concrete of identical as a prefabricated bulkhead plate or high strength grade is poured in cavity.In bulkhead structure design, underground bin By grain lateral pressure, and along bulkhead, grain gradually increases the pressure of bulkhead to inner barn wall from top to bottom, therefore, every layer of prefabricated storehouse The thickness of siding should carry out variable cross-section design according to bulkhead loading characteristic could more rationally, and bulkhead expenditure of construction could be passed through more Ji.The vertical outside of prefabricated bulkhead plate is concordant, and every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate can both have been made to be easier to weld and position with multiple function, interior Side can also could be adjusted to meet rational variable cross-section design requirement according to actual loading situation.Neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate The inside and outside both sides in end are welded to connect with junction steel plate, and water-proof concrete is poured between them, on the one hand can be met in this way Under contiguous prefabricated plate connecting node Structural Design Requirement, while for the waterproof of bulkhead lap-joint to provide two reliable for inside and outside steel plate Waterproof measure.
The present invention, which is further characterized in that in prefabricated chunk, is equipped with single-layer bidirectional reinforcing bar or reinforced mesh.
The present invention is further characterized in that orlop uses two-sided steel plate concrete composite structure, on bottom plate lower steel plate and its between Concrete using holdfast connect.This two-sided composite structure bulkhead light plate as orlop plate template and replace reinforcing bar, section The operating expenses for saving bulkhead reduces the difficulty of construction of bulkhead, accelerates integral construction speed;Double-layer plate concrete combined structure carries The high rigidity and intensity of bulkhead, is effective against soil pressure and pressure, is conducive to underground bin and is sent out to the direction of deeper bigger , the scope of application of the storehouse type is increased, and be more advantageous to the waterproof and dampproof problem of silo.
The present invention is further characterized in that Hold Ceiling uses concrete-armor Plate.In this way, above structure gives full play to The resistance to compression of concrete and the tensile capacity of steel plate, keep the large span Hold Ceiling structure stress more reasonable, and can be with when constructing It uses steel plate as template, significantly reduces difficulty of construction, while can also accelerate speed of application.
The present invention is further characterized in that multiple function uses section form for straight line or the open tubular column or solid post of curve.
The present invention is characterized in that construction method includes the following steps:(1) according to design requirement in precalculated position by more work( Certain depth is driven underground in energy column;(2) it is surrounded in multiple function and excavates first layer soil in region;(3) after excavating first layer soil, The prefabricated outer bulkhead plate of first layer is installed in multiple function corresponding position, then the prefabricated inner barn wall plate of first layer is installed, to be formed The double-deck prefabricated bulkhead plate of first layer.(4) after installing the double-deck prefabricated bulkhead plate of first layer, second layer soil is excavated in continuation down;(5) The prefabricated outer bulkhead plate of the second layer is installed in multiple function corresponding position, then the prefabricated inner barn wall plate of the second layer is installed, to be formed The double-deck prefabricated bulkhead plate of the second layer.(6) according to the construction method of above-mentioned (4)-(5) step, the prefabricated double-deck storehouse is installed downwards successively Siding, until orlop position;(7) orlop construction is carried out;(8) construction for finally carrying out Hold Ceiling and beam, that is, complete underground granary Overall structure.
Depth is driven underground according to foundation bearing capacity, buoyancy, bulkhead soil pressure, grain lateral pressure many factors in multiple function Depending on synthesis, when foundation bearing capacity cannot meet engine request, multiple function can replace pile to be transmitted by silo at this time Vertical pressure;In addition, multiple function can also replace the buoyancy that uplift pile resists underground water to silo;Multiple function can be to prefabricated Bulkhead plate is vertically positioned with circumferential direction, ensures that every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate is vertical vertical, circumferential direction forms an annulus, to make Stress is more reasonable;After completing multiple function construction, along height, fractional layer is installed from top to bottom;Every layer of prefabricated storehouse is being installed When siding, height is excavated first and is greater than or equal to prefabricated bulkhead plate height, diameter is greater than or equal to the space of warehouse overall diameter, together When ensure that the soil body does not cave in digging process, could giving prefabricated bulkhead plate to install in this way, there are construction space, guarantee bulkhead plates Construction safety is smoothed out;When cutting depth is below level of ground water, precipitation is first carried out, is then excavated;It installs After every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate, the slip casting between bulkhead surrounding soil and prefabricated bulkhead plate ensures when excavating next layer soil body, this Layer soil body does not cave in, safety when to ensure that subsoil excavates.
When every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate installation, outer bulkhead plate is welded to connect with adjacent multiple function first, ensures prefabricated storehouse Siding is reliably connected with multiple function, is then welded to connect inner barn wall plate and adjacent multiple function, and water is welded with junction steel plate Put down adjacent inner barn wall plate, finally poured in the cavity that multiple function, contiguous prefabricated inner barn wall plate and junction steel plate surround with Prefabricated inner barn wall plate is identical or the water-proof concrete of a high strength grade.
Adjacent level prefabricated bulkhead plate in left and right carries out the installation of neighbouring vertical prefabricated outer bulkhead plate after installing:First By the prefabricated chunk of inner barn wall vertical outboard alignment up and down, then with junction steel plate on the outside, inside welding it is adjacent prefabricated up and down Plate finally pours identical as prefabricated bulkhead plate on the outside, in the cavity that surrounds of inside junction steel plate and contiguous prefabricated plate Or the water-proof concrete of a high strength grade.Neighbouring vertical prefabricated outer bulkhead plate carries out neighbouring vertical after installing The installation of prefabricated inner barn wall plate:First by the prefabricated chunk of outer bulkhead vertical outboard alignment up and down, then with junction steel plate on the outside, The adjacent prefabricated chunk up and down of inside welding, finally on the outside, in the cavity that surrounds of inside junction steel plate and contiguous prefabricated plate Pour the water-proof concrete of identical as a prefabricated bulkhead plate or high strength grade.By above-mentioned construction method, open successively from top to bottom Excavator body and the prefabricated bulkhead plate of installation, the cylinder warehouse structure that every layer of bulkhead plate is formed can be used as foundation pit supporting system, in this way, very Silo warehouse structure is combined into one with foundation pit supporting system well, not only saved caused by independent progress pattern foundation pit supporting structure at This, substantially reduces construction investment, and substantially reduce the construction period of entire engineering.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 underground bin floor plans
Fig. 2 underground bin section layout drawings
The prefabricated bulkhead plate schematic cross-section of Fig. 3 monolithics
Fig. 4 first segment precast slab horizontal layout schematic diagrames
Fig. 5 second segments and following paragraphs precast slab horizontal layout schematic diagram
The first bulkhead node schematic diagram of Fig. 6
Second of bulkhead node schematic diagram of Fig. 7
In attached drawing:1 is multiple function;2 be outer bulkhead;3 be inner barn wall;4 be silo roof;5 be orlop;6 be junction steel plate;10 For grain port;12 be water-proof concrete;13 be inside steel plate;14 be band groove ring beam.
Specific implementation mode
The present invention is further illustrated with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
Embodiment one
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 6:Present embodiments provide a kind of double-deck assembled underground granary.Including storehouse Bottom 5, outer bulkhead 2, inner barn wall 3, silo roof 4 and multiple function 1;The inner barn wall 3 and outer bulkhead 2 is by polylith prefabricated chunk It is spliced, there is attachment device on prefabricated chunk periphery, can be with contiguous prefabricated plate and more work(by attachment device prefabricated chunk Energy column 1 is attached;The multiple function 1 positions bulkhead.It is connected with multiple function 1 between outer bulkhead 2 and inner barn wall 3 It is integral, form three-dimensional space structure, shared soil pressure, grain lateral pressure and buoyancy;In outer bulkhead 2,3 and of inner barn wall For ventilation and leakage inspection channel in the gap that multiple function 5 surrounds;Multiple function 1 is divided into several sections from top to bottom, top layer It is equipped with first layer bulkhead plate 3 on the inside of first segment, second layer bulkhead plate 3 is equipped on the inside of second segment, with above-mentioned set-up mode, until Bottom one layer of bulkhead plate 3 forms the double-deck assembled underground granary.
The multiple function 1 uses steel column or the concrete column equipped with steel embedded part.
The inner barn wall 3 or outer bulkhead 2 are that inside steel plate 13 and outside concrete slab combine integral structure, inside steel Plate 13 is connect with concrete using holdfast.
The prefabricated chunk circumferential direction horizontal outer side for being spliced into outer bulkhead 2 is concordant, and outside is directly welded with multiple function 1 Connection.It is spliced into the prefabricated chunk of outer bulkhead 2 vertical outboard alignment up and down, outside, the inside of adjacent prefabricated chunk up and down Junction steel plate 6 is used to weld;On the outside, poured in the cavity that inside junction steel plate 6 and contiguous prefabricated plate surround with it is prefabricated Bulkhead plate 3 is identical or the water-proof concrete 12 of a high strength grade.
The prefabricated chunk circumferential direction horizontal outer side for being spliced into inner barn wall 3 is concordant, and outside is directly welded with multiple function 1 Connection, the contiguous prefabricated plate inside in left and right is welded with junction steel plate 6, in multiple function 1, contiguous prefabricated plate and junction steel plate The water-proof concrete 12 of identical as a prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 or high strength grade is poured in 6 cavitys surrounded.It is spliced into inner barn wall 3 The prefabricated chunk vertical outboard alignment up and down, the outside, inside of adjacent prefabricated chunk up and down use junction steel plate 6 to weld; On the outside, or Gao Yiqiang identical as prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 is poured in the cavity that inside junction steel plate 6 and contiguous prefabricated plate surround Spend the water-proof concrete 12 of grade.
Embodiment two
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2:Present embodiments provide a kind of double-deck assembled underground granary.Including orlop 5, outer bulkhead 2, inner barn wall 3, silo roof 4 and multiple function 1;The inner barn wall 3 and outer bulkhead 2 is to be spliced by polylith prefabricated chunk, There is attachment device on prefabricated chunk periphery, can be carried out with contiguous prefabricated plate and multiple function 1 by attachment device prefabricated chunk Connection;The multiple function 1 positions bulkhead.Between outer bulkhead 2 and inner barn wall 3 integral, shape is connected with multiple function 1 At three-dimensional space structure, shared soil pressure, grain lateral pressure and buoyancy;In outer bulkhead 2, inner barn wall 3 and multiple function 5 For ventilation and leakage inspection channel in the gap surrounded;Multiple function 1 is divided into several sections from top to bottom, the first segment inside of top layer Equipped with first layer bulkhead plate 3, second layer bulkhead plate 3 is equipped on the inside of second segment, with above-mentioned set-up mode, until one layer bottom Bulkhead plate 3 forms the double-deck assembled underground granary.
The orlop 5 is pyramidal structure, and the orlop 5 uses two-sided steel plate concrete composite structure.This steel plate coagulation Native composite structure light plate as orlop plate template and replace reinforcing bar, need not construction when be laid with reinforcing bar, save bulkhead Operating expenses reduces the difficulty of construction of orlop, accelerates integral construction speed;Double-layer plate concrete combined structure improves bulkhead Rigidity and intensity, be effective against soil pressure and pressure, be conducive to underground granary and develop to the direction of deeper bigger, increase The scope of application of the storehouse type, and it is more advantageous to the waterproof and dampproof problem of silo.
The silo roof 4 uses two-sided steel plate concrete composite structure, the silo roof 4 that grain port 10, the silo roof 4 is arranged Earthing 11 is arranged in top.Two-sided steel plate concrete composite structure structure has given full play to the resistance to compression of concrete and the tension energy of steel plate Power keeps large span Hold Ceiling structure stress more reasonable, and steel plate can be used as template when construction, significantly reduces and applies Work difficulty, while can also accelerate speed of application.Grain port setting is modernized into equipment of putting out cereal, convenient for grain storage and carry It takes.
The storage of solid granulates, powder material or liquid material may be implemented in the underground granary.The underground granary seals Property and supportive it is fine, can also realize the storage to powder, liquid material, coordinate different chargings and discharging equipment, apply It is very extensive.
Embodiment three
The present embodiment additionally provides a kind of construction method of the double-deck assembled underground granary, includes the following steps:
1) multiple function 1 is driven underground by certain depth in precalculated position according to design requirement;
2) it is surrounded in multiple function 1 and excavates first layer soil in region;
3) after excavating first layer soil, the prefabricated outer bulkhead plate 2 of first layer is installed in 1 corresponding position of multiple function, is then pacified The prefabricated inner barn wall plate 3 of first layer is filled, to form the double-deck prefabricated bulkhead plate of first layer.
4) after installing the double-deck prefabricated bulkhead plate of first layer, second layer soil is excavated in continuation down;
5) the prefabricated outer bulkhead plate 2 of the second layer is installed in 1 corresponding position of multiple function, then the prefabricated inner barn wall of the second layer is installed Plate 3, to form the double-deck prefabricated bulkhead plate of the second layer.
6) according to above-mentioned the 4) -5) construction method of step, the prefabricated double-deck bulkhead plate is installed downwards successively, until orlop position It sets;
7) orlop 5 is carried out to construct;
8) construction for finally carrying out Hold Ceiling 4 and beam, that is, complete the overall structure of underground granary.
Depth is driven underground according to foundation bearing capacity, buoyancy, bulkhead soil pressure, grain lateral pressure many factors in multiple function Depending on synthesis, when foundation bearing capacity cannot meet engine request, multiple function can replace pile to be transmitted by silo at this time Vertical pressure;In addition, multiple function can also replace the buoyancy that uplift pile resists underground water to silo;Multiple function can be to prefabricated Bulkhead plate is vertically positioned with circumferential direction, ensures that every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate is vertical vertical, circumferential direction forms an annulus, to make Stress is more reasonable;After completing multiple function construction, along height, fractional layer is installed from top to bottom;Every layer of prefabricated storehouse is being installed When siding, height is excavated first and is greater than or equal to prefabricated bulkhead plate height, diameter is greater than or equal to the space of warehouse overall diameter, together When ensure that the soil body does not cave in digging process, could giving prefabricated bulkhead plate to install in this way, there are construction space, guarantee bulkhead plates Construction safety is smoothed out;When cutting depth is below level of ground water, precipitation is first carried out, is then excavated;It installs After every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate, the slip casting between bulkhead surrounding soil and prefabricated bulkhead plate ensures when excavating next layer soil body, this Layer soil body does not cave in, safety when to ensure that subsoil excavates.
When every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate installation, outer bulkhead plate is welded to connect with adjacent multiple function first, ensures prefabricated storehouse Siding is reliably connected with multiple function, is then welded to connect inner barn wall plate and adjacent multiple function, and water is welded with junction steel plate Put down adjacent inner barn wall plate, finally poured in the cavity that multiple function, contiguous prefabricated inner barn wall plate and junction steel plate surround with Prefabricated inner barn wall plate is identical or the water-proof concrete of a high strength grade.
Adjacent level prefabricated bulkhead plate in left and right carries out the installation of neighbouring vertical prefabricated outer bulkhead plate after installing:First By the prefabricated chunk of inner barn wall vertical outboard alignment up and down, then with junction steel plate on the outside, inside welding it is adjacent prefabricated up and down Plate finally pours identical as prefabricated bulkhead plate on the outside, in the cavity that surrounds of inside junction steel plate and contiguous prefabricated plate Or the water-proof concrete of a high strength grade.Neighbouring vertical prefabricated outer bulkhead plate carries out neighbouring vertical after installing The installation of prefabricated inner barn wall plate:First by the prefabricated chunk of outer bulkhead vertical outboard alignment up and down, then with junction steel plate on the outside, The adjacent prefabricated chunk up and down of inside welding, finally on the outside, in the cavity that surrounds of inside junction steel plate and contiguous prefabricated plate Pour the water-proof concrete of identical as a prefabricated bulkhead plate or high strength grade.By above-mentioned construction method, open successively from top to bottom Excavator body and the prefabricated bulkhead plate of installation, the cylinder warehouse structure that every layer of bulkhead plate is formed can be used as foundation pit supporting system, in this way, very Silo warehouse structure is combined into one with foundation pit supporting system well, not only saved caused by independent progress pattern foundation pit supporting structure at This, substantially reduces construction investment, and substantially reduce the construction period of entire engineering.
Example IV
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2:Present embodiments provide a kind of double-deck assembled underground granary.Including orlop 5, outer bulkhead 2, inner barn wall 3, silo roof 4 and multiple function 1;The inner barn wall 3 and outer bulkhead 2 is to be spliced by polylith prefabricated chunk, There is attachment device on prefabricated chunk periphery, can be carried out with contiguous prefabricated plate and multiple function 1 by attachment device prefabricated chunk Connection;The multiple function 1 positions bulkhead.Between outer bulkhead 2 and inner barn wall 3 integral, shape is connected with multiple function 1 At three-dimensional space structure, shared soil pressure, grain lateral pressure and buoyancy;In outer bulkhead 2, inner barn wall 3 and multiple function 5 For ventilation and leakage inspection channel in the gap surrounded;Multiple function 1 is divided into several sections from top to bottom, the first segment inside of top layer Equipped with first layer bulkhead plate 3, second layer bulkhead plate 3 is equipped on the inside of second segment, with above-mentioned set-up mode, until one layer bottom Bulkhead plate 3 forms the double-deck assembled underground granary.
3 outer surface of bulkhead plate sprays mask coating, and the mask coating includes that the material of following parts by weight is made:Stone 115 parts of oil asphalt, 7 parts of glass fibre, 8 parts of bentonite, 6 parts of emulsifier, 1.5 parts of dispersant, 1.5 parts of stabilizer, Organic fluoride changes 25 parts of styrene-acrylic emulsion of property, 2.5 parts of antifreeze.
The emulsifier uses hydrogenated tallow amine, the dispersant that glyceryl monostearate, the stabilizer is used to use Sulfate, the antifreeze use ethylene glycol.
Embodiment five
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2:Present embodiments provide a kind of double-deck assembled underground granary.Including orlop 5, outer bulkhead 2, inner barn wall 3, silo roof 4 and multiple function 1;The inner barn wall 3 and outer bulkhead 2 is to be spliced by polylith prefabricated chunk, There is attachment device on prefabricated chunk periphery, can be carried out with contiguous prefabricated plate and multiple function 1 by attachment device prefabricated chunk Connection;The multiple function 1 positions bulkhead.Between outer bulkhead 2 and inner barn wall 3 integral, shape is connected with multiple function 1 At three-dimensional space structure, shared soil pressure, grain lateral pressure and buoyancy;In outer bulkhead 2, inner barn wall 3 and multiple function 5 For ventilation and leakage inspection channel in the gap surrounded;Multiple function 1 is divided into several sections from top to bottom, the first segment inside of top layer Equipped with first layer bulkhead plate 3, second layer bulkhead plate 3 is equipped on the inside of second segment, with above-mentioned set-up mode, until one layer bottom Bulkhead plate 3 forms the double-deck assembled underground granary.
5 outer surface of bulkhead plate sprays mask coating, and the mask coating includes that the material of following parts by weight is made:Stone 110 parts of oil asphalt, 10 parts of glass fibre, 9 parts of bentonite, 7.5 parts of emulsifier, 2 parts of dispersant, 2 parts of stabilizer, organic fluorine richness 30 parts of styrene-acrylic emulsion, 3 parts of antifreeze.
The emulsifier uses hydrogenated tallow amine, the dispersant that glyceryl monostearate, the stabilizer is used to use Sulfate, the antifreeze use ethylene glycol.
Embodiment six
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2:Present embodiments provide a kind of double-deck assembled underground granary.Including orlop 5, outer bulkhead 2, inner barn wall 3, silo roof 4 and multiple function 1;The inner barn wall 3 and outer bulkhead 2 is to be spliced by polylith prefabricated chunk, There is attachment device on prefabricated chunk periphery, can be carried out with contiguous prefabricated plate and multiple function 1 by attachment device prefabricated chunk Connection;The multiple function 1 positions bulkhead.Between outer bulkhead 2 and inner barn wall 3 integral, shape is connected with multiple function 1 At three-dimensional space structure, shared soil pressure, grain lateral pressure and buoyancy;In outer bulkhead 2, inner barn wall 3 and multiple function 5 For ventilation and leakage inspection channel in the gap surrounded;Multiple function 1 is divided into several sections from top to bottom, the first segment inside of top layer Equipped with first layer bulkhead plate 3, second layer bulkhead plate 3 is equipped on the inside of second segment, with above-mentioned set-up mode, until one layer bottom Bulkhead plate 3 forms the double-deck assembled underground granary.
5 outer surface of bulkhead plate sprays mask coating, and the mask coating includes that the material of following parts by weight is made:Stone 105 parts of oil asphalt, 13 parts of glass fibre, 10 parts of bentonite, 9 parts of emulsifier, 2.5 parts of dispersant, 2.5 parts of stabilizer, Organic fluoride 35 parts of modifying cinepazid emulsion, 3.5 parts of antifreeze.
The emulsifier uses hydrogenated tallow amine, the dispersant that glyceryl monostearate, the stabilizer is used to use Sulfate, the antifreeze use ethylene glycol.
Example IV provides the special mask coating in bulkhead plate outer surface to six, plays protection to bulkhead plate, corrosion-resistant is made With, play the role of antiseepage, sealing to bulkhead, can spray when bulkhead plate is prefabricated or be sprayed when assembling bulkhead at the scene, from Fundamentally solve corner, gap, irregular structure junction leakage etc. technical barriers, enhance the water proofing property of underground granary Energy.Glass fibre is added in mask coating, the toughness and tensile strength of coating is considerably increased, has delayed coating cracking Time increases its service life, and also has certain supporting role for bulkhead.The antifreezing agent of addition can reduce low temperature pair The damage of mask coating ensure that the safe operation of cold district winter underground granary.
Finally illustrate, the above examples are only used to illustrate the technical scheme of the present invention and are not limiting, this field is common Other modifications or equivalent replacement that technical staff makes technical scheme of the present invention, without departing from technical solution of the present invention Spirit and scope, be intended to be within the scope of the claims of the invention.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of bilayer assembled underground granary, which includes orlop (5), outer bulkhead (2), inner barn wall (3), silo roof (4) and multiple function (1);The inner barn wall (3) and outer bulkhead (2) is to be spliced by polylith prefabricated chunk, prefabricated board There is attachment device on block periphery, can be attached with contiguous prefabricated plate and multiple function (1) by attachment device prefabricated chunk; The multiple function (1) positions bulkhead, and the depth anchored into soil is more than orlop (5) depth, is subject to soil pressure, grain It eats pressure and resists the main bearing member of buoyancy;It is characterized in that:Multiple function is used between outer bulkhead (2) and inner barn wall (3) (1) connection is integral, forms three-dimensional space structure, shared soil pressure, grain lateral pressure and buoyancy;Outer bulkhead (2), For ventilation and leakage inspection channel in the gap that inner barn wall (3) and multiple function (1) surround;Multiple function (1) divides from top to bottom At several sections, it is equipped with first layer inner barn wall (3) plate and outer bulkhead (2) plate on the inside of the first segment of top layer, the is equipped on the inside of second segment Two layers of inner barn wall (3) plate and outer bulkhead (2) plate, with above-mentioned set-up mode, until bottom one layer of inner barn wall (3) plate and outer storehouse Wall (2) plate forms the double-deck assembled underground granary.
2. underground granary as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The multiple function (1) is buried using steel column or equipped with steel The concrete column of part.
3. underground granary as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The inner barn wall (3) or outer bulkhead (2) are inside steel plate (13) and outside concrete slab combines integral structure, inside steel plate (13) to be connect using holdfast with concrete.
4. underground granary as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is spliced into the described pre- of inner barn wall (3) and outer bulkhead (2) There is U-shaped steel plate cornerite on four sides of making sheet block.
5. underground granary as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that:The prefabricated chunk for being spliced into outer bulkhead (2) is circumferential Horizontal outer side is concordant, and outside is directly welded to connect with multiple function (1).
6. underground granary as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that:It is spliced into the prefabricated chunk of outer bulkhead (2) or more Vertical outboard alignment, the outside, inside of adjacent prefabricated chunk up and down use junction steel plate (6) to weld;On the outside, inside connects steel The anti-of identical as prefabricated outer bulkhead (2) plate or high strength grade is poured in the cavity that plate (6) and contiguous prefabricated plate surround Water coagulation soil (12).
7. underground granary as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that:The prefabricated chunk for being spliced into inner barn wall (3) is circumferential Horizontal outer side is concordant, and outside is directly welded to connect with multiple function (1), the contiguous prefabricated plate inside junction steel plate in left and right (6) it welds, is poured and prefabricated inner barn wall in the cavity that multiple function (1), contiguous prefabricated plate and junction steel plate (6) surround (3) plate is identical or the water-proof concrete (12) of a high strength grade.
8. underground granary as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that:It is spliced into the prefabricated chunk of inner barn wall (3) or more Vertical outboard alignment, the outside, inside of adjacent prefabricated chunk up and down use junction steel plate (6) to weld;On the outside, inside connects steel The anti-of identical as prefabricated inner barn wall (3) plate or high strength grade is poured in the cavity that plate (6) and contiguous prefabricated plate surround Water coagulation soil (12).
9. a kind of construction method for building the underground granary described in the claims 1-8 any one, it is characterised in that:It is described Construction method includes the following steps:
(1) multiple function (1) is driven underground by certain depth in precalculated position according to design requirement;
(2) it is surrounded in multiple function (1) and excavates first layer soil in region;
(3) after excavating first layer soil, prefabricated outer bulkhead (2) plate of first layer is installed in multiple function (1) corresponding position, is then pacified The prefabricated inner barn wall of first layer (3) plate is filled, to form the double-deck prefabricated bulkhead plate of first layer.
(4) after installing the double-deck prefabricated bulkhead plate of first layer, second layer soil is excavated in continuation down;
(5) prefabricated outer bulkhead (2) plate of the second layer is installed in multiple function (1) corresponding position, then the prefabricated interior storehouse of the second layer is installed Wall (3) plate, to form the double-deck prefabricated bulkhead plate of the second layer;
(6) according to the construction method of above-mentioned (4)-(5) step, the prefabricated double-deck bulkhead plate is installed downwards successively, until orlop position;
(7) orlop (5) is carried out to construct;
(8) construction for finally carrying out silo roof (4) and beam, that is, complete the overall structure of underground granary.
CN201610525750.XA 2016-06-29 2016-06-29 A kind of bilayer assembled underground granary Active CN106088758B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610525750.XA CN106088758B (en) 2016-06-29 2016-06-29 A kind of bilayer assembled underground granary

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610525750.XA CN106088758B (en) 2016-06-29 2016-06-29 A kind of bilayer assembled underground granary

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106088758A CN106088758A (en) 2016-11-09
CN106088758B true CN106088758B (en) 2018-09-28

Family

ID=57212882

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610525750.XA Active CN106088758B (en) 2016-06-29 2016-06-29 A kind of bilayer assembled underground granary

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106088758B (en)

Family Cites Families (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1090618A (en) * 1993-02-02 1994-08-10 侯殿新 Soil-free assembling granary
CN2383913Y (en) * 1999-07-13 2000-06-21 孙志祥 Barn
CN2372399Y (en) * 1999-07-23 2000-04-05 吉林省德惠市德惠粮食经贸有限责任公司 Prefabricatd panels and blocks combined bulk storage bin
CN101709604A (en) * 2009-10-29 2010-05-19 郑州粮油食品工程建筑设计院 Rectangular underground granary
CN101709603A (en) * 2009-10-29 2010-05-19 河南工业大学 Underground barn with cavity barn wall
FR3011023B1 (en) * 2013-09-25 2016-03-18 Vermeulen Materiaux Equipment for carrying out a removable cover storage building
CN206438511U (en) * 2016-06-29 2017-08-25 河南工业大学 A kind of double-deck assembled underground granary

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN106088758A (en) 2016-11-09

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN206438511U (en) A kind of double-deck assembled underground granary
CN206034482U (en) Circular prefabricated assembled underground granary of interior steel plated
CN206189964U (en) Circular underground granary of prefabricated assembled of steel plated in slot -in type
CN206035043U (en) Prefabricated assembled rectangle underground granary of outer steel plated echelonment
CN206189970U (en) Circular prefabricated assembled underground granary of inside and outside equal steel plated
CN206053490U (en) A kind of stepped prefabricated assembled rectangular underground granary of interior encased steel plate
CN206035046U (en) Inside and outside prefabricated assembled underground granary of plastics echelonment that all wraps
CN206189414U (en) Circular underground granary of slot -in type prefabricated bulkhead of outer steel plated
CN206189971U (en) Circular underground granary of prefabricated assembled of outer steel plated
CN206189966U (en) Circular underground granary of slot -in type prefabricated assembled of inside and outside equal steel plated
CN206035044U (en) Prefabricated assembled underground granary of plastic cover echelonment
CN206189972U (en) Circular underground granary of prefabricated assembled of outer steel plated echelonment
CN206189969U (en) Prefabricated assembled rectangle underground granary of interior steel plated echelonment
CN206189967U (en) Circular underground granary of prefabricated assembled of inside and outside equal steel plated echelonment
CN206035045U (en) Prefabricated assembled underground granary of endocyst plastics
CN106088758B (en) A kind of bilayer assembled underground granary
CN106088762B (en) A kind of prefabricated assembled round underground granary of insertion slot type encased steel plate
CN106088760B (en) The equal prefabricated assembled round underground granary of steel plated inside and outside a kind of insertion slot type
CN106088764B (en) A kind of stepped prefabricated assembled circular underground granary of encased steel plate
CN106193744B (en) The round prefabricated assembled underground granary of equal steel plated inside and outside one kind
CN106088759B (en) The equal stepped prefabricated assembled circular underground granary of steel plated inside and outside one kind
CN106013913B (en) The prefabricated assembled circular underground granary of steel plated in a kind of insertion slot type
CN106013910B (en) A kind of stepped prefabricated assembled rectangular underground granary of encased steel plate
CN106065732B (en) A kind of ladder-like prefabricated assembled rectangular underground granary of interior steel plated
CN106193746B (en) A kind of prefabricated assembled round underground granary of encased steel plate

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20190722

Address after: 450000 Science Avenue 65, Zhengzhou Hi-tech Industrial Development Zone, Henan Province, No. 8405, 4 storeys

Patentee after: Zhengzhou Ditian Grain Tank Factory Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 450001 Zhengzhou high tech Industrial Development Zone, Henan Lotus Street, No. 100

Patentee before: Henan Industry University

TR01 Transfer of patent right