CN101709603A - Underground barn with cavity barn wall - Google Patents

Underground barn with cavity barn wall Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101709603A
CN101709603A CN200910207154A CN200910207154A CN101709603A CN 101709603 A CN101709603 A CN 101709603A CN 200910207154 A CN200910207154 A CN 200910207154A CN 200910207154 A CN200910207154 A CN 200910207154A CN 101709603 A CN101709603 A CN 101709603A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
underground granary
cavity
underground
storehouse
barn
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN200910207154A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张昊
王录民
王振清
袁海龙
郭呈周
丁永刚
原方
王薇
肖昭然
张虎
金立兵
郭金勇
李庆功
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Henan University of Technology
Original Assignee
Henan University of Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Henan University of Technology filed Critical Henan University of Technology
Priority to CN200910207154A priority Critical patent/CN101709603A/en
Publication of CN101709603A publication Critical patent/CN101709603A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/51Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture specially adapted for storing agricultural or horticultural products

Abstract

The invention relates to an underground barn with a cavity barn wall, which comprises a barn roof, a barn wall and a barn bottom, wherein the barn wall is divided into an inner wall and an outer wall which are integrated by a connecting piece; a cavity is formed between the inner wall and the outer wall; and the cavity is used for detecting and repairing the underground barn when the underground barn leaks water and for detecting the ventilation and the grain condition of the underground barn.

Description

A kind of underground barn with cavity barn wall
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of underground barn with cavity barn wall.
Background technology
The existing underground granary of China is divided into two kinds: northern area is based on underground loudspeaker storehouse, and southern area is based on the cavern storehouse.The construction of these underground granaries need rely on special geological condition (building by the mountain), and simultaneously, holding capacity of bin is little, floor space is big, mechanization degree is low.Recently, mentioned the large space underground granary that surrounds by cylinder in the application present situation of He'nan University of Technology's journal the 29th volume the 6th phase China's underground granary and the prediction.But, in case all existing to leak, existing underground granary will produce enormous economic loss, and detection and the reparation that can not in time leak to bulkhead, in the time of repairing bulkhead, just must the grain in the storehouse be emptied.Therefore, need a kind of new underground granary of exploitation to solve the problems referred to above.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of underground granary, have on the one hand timely discovery bulkhead and leak and need not to carry out under grain empties the state that bulkhead detects and the function of reparation in the storehouse in.On the other hand, the bulkhead of this underground granary can combine with grain storage technology and grain feelings detection system well.
Solution of the present invention is: a kind of underground granary, comprise at the bottom of Cang Ding, bulkhead and the storehouse, this bulkhead is divided into inner and outer wall, adopt connector to be linked to be integral body between inwall and the outer wall, between inwall and outer wall, form cavity, described cavity is used for detection and the reparation that underground granary leaks, and ventilates and the passage of grain feelings detection as underground granary.Because distance is big and adopt connector to constitute integral body between inwall and the outer wall,, thereby improved the grain storage degree of depth of underground granary so the lateral rigidity of the bulkhead of bulkhead improves greatly.Outer wall leaks and can in time observe and can enter cavity reparation, and does not influence the storage of grain in the storehouse.On the inwall of bulkhead ventilation opening is set, the cavity in the bulkhead can be used for the ventilation of underground granary like this, guarantees that grain has suitable temperature and humidity in the storehouse.Configuration grain feelings checkout equipment can be comprehensive in the cavity between inwall and the outer wall, grain feelings in the round-the-clock 24 hours omnidistance storehouses of monitoring in the storehouse.
Feature of the present invention is that also underground granary cavity outer wall wall thickness is not less than 100mm, and the cavity inner wall wall thickness is not less than 100mm, and the material of bulkhead adopts concrete, steel, masonry, and the distance between cavity inner wall and the outer wall (3) is more than or equal to 400mm.
Feature of the present invention also is outer wall bag one deck steel plate of described bulkhead.The thickness of steel plate is more than or equal to 2mm, and outer walls of concrete and steel plate are connected to form the bulkhead of combining structure with the steel member.Like this, steel plate and cast-in-situ concrete structure combining form, steel plate is saved the operating expenses of bulkhead as the template of sidewall, reduces the difficulty of construction of bulkhead, accelerates integral construction speed; Improved the rigidity and the intensity of bulkhead, helped underground granary and develop, increased the scope of application of this storehouse type, and solved the waterproof and dampproof problem of underground granary to darker more general orientation.
Feature of the present invention is that also described Cang Ding is connected with pillar with at the bottom of the storehouse.Like this, can be well the load of top, storehouse earthing and storehouse roof construction be forwarded on the basis, make ground stressed more even, and compensated ground effectively because the ground bounce that the large tracts of land excavation is produced reduces the expense on basis greatly.
Feature of the present invention is that also described Cang Ding adopts large-span concrete-armor Plate.Like this, said structure has been given full play to the resistance to tension of concrete resistance to compression and steel plate, make large span storehouse roof construction more reasonable stress, and Hold Ceiling construct can with steel plate as template, be very easy to storehouse roof construction construction, reduce difficulty of construction, also can accelerate speed of application simultaneously.
Feature of the present invention is that also the Cang Ding of described underground granary is fixed with multiple spot loading equipment and the equipment of putting out cereal, adopt such as multiple spot binning equipment and to connect the grain machine and the Bulk Grain car can realize that grain puts in storage automatically, grain leans on the angle of repose stack shaping of perfectly straight and grain fully when putting in storage, the binning coefficient is higher, and the capacity utilization is abundant.Automatically grain in the storehouse is delivered to warehouse exit system or directly binning granting, mechanization degree height, efficient height by grain absorber when delivering from godown.
Feature of the present invention is that also grain feelings detection system is arranged in the described underground granary storehouse, can monitoring storehouse promptly and accurately in the temperature and humidity situation of grain.
Feature of the present invention also is encased steel plate at the bottom of the described underground granary storehouse.Like this, by the combining structure that concrete-steel plate is formed, stress performance is good, has both helped resisting huge substrate counter-force, has solved the waterproof and dampproof problem of storehouse base plate again.When constructing on the basis simultaneously, steel plate is accelerated speed of application as template, reduces construction cost.
Feature of the present invention also is described underground barn with cavity barn wall, and the earthing that is no less than 500mm is arranged on the Cang Ding.Like this, can make on the one hand silo by dominance target on the ground become more hidden, in order to avoid in war, hit; Can afforest at the underground granary top on the other hand, reach and beautify the environment and the function of thermal insulation.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 underground barn with cavity barn wall plan view
Fig. 2 underground barn with cavity barn wall storehouse sectional drawing
Fig. 3 underground barn with cavity barn wall storehouse top plan view
Fig. 4 underground barn with cavity barn wall advances the grain artwork
Fig. 5 underground barn with cavity barn wall artwork of putting out cereal
In the accompanying drawing: 1 is Cang Ding; 2 is inwall; 3 is outer wall; 4 is connecting elements; 5 be the storehouse at the bottom of; 6 is pillar; 7 is grain port; 8 is earthing; 9 is the Bulk Grain car; 10 for connecing the grain machine; 11 is grain absorber; 12 are the grain heap.
The specific embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated for following structure drawings and Examples.
The present invention is 50 meters of inwall 2 diameters as shown in drawings, the circular underground granary that outer wall 3 diameters are 50.8 meters, comprise at the bottom of storehouse top 1, bulkhead, the storehouse 5, bulkhead is divided into inwall 2 and outer wall 3, adopt connecting elements 4 to be linked to be integral body between inwall 2 and the outer wall 3, form cavity between inwall and outer wall, inwall 2 is 50 meters cylinders of diameter, and outer wall 3 is 50.8 meters cylinders of diameter.Have 26 pillars 6 to support at the bottom of Cang Ding and the storehouse, top, storehouse 1 is provided with grain port 7, and top, storehouse 1 be a beam and slab structure, and the storehouse is pushed up 1 load reached secondary beam like this, reaches girder by secondary beam, reaches pillar 6 by girder again.Push up 1 top in the storehouse 2 meters thick earthing 8 are arranged.
Top, storehouse 1 wherein is to be used for supporting top earthing 8 and other load; Pillar 6 is to be used for the top board Load Transfer at the bottom of the storehouse 5; Inwall 2 and outer wall 3 are used for resisting grain lateral pressure and soil pressure, also upper load can be reached at the bottom of the storehouse 5; 5 is to be used for Load Transfer is arrived ground at the bottom of the storehouse, and opposing substrate counter-force.
Multiple spot loading equipment adopts and to connect grain machine 10 and Bulk Grain car 9, connects unload automatically grain in the Bulk Grain car 9 of grain machine 10, when needing cleaning, adopts the cleaning of portable cleaning sieve.After grain is discharged into and connects the grain machine,, form grain heap 12 behind the grain warehouse entry from grain-entering mouth 7 warehouse entries.The equipment of putting out cereal adopts grain absorber 11 the grain Bulk Grain car 9 of packing into.With the machine of bringing down stocks surplus grain being pushed into grain absorber 11 suction inlets when surplus grain need deliver from godown at the bottom of the storehouse puts out cereal.

Claims (9)

1. underground granary, comprise (5) at the bottom of Cang Ding (1), bulkhead and the storehouse, this bulkhead is divided into inwall (2) and outer wall (3), adopt connecting elements (4) to be linked to be integral body between inwall (2) and the outer wall (3), between inwall (2) and outer wall (3), form cavity, described cavity is used for detection and the reparation that underground granary leaks, and ventilates and the passage of grain feelings detection as underground granary.
2. underground granary as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that described underground granary cavity outer wall (3) wall thickness is not less than 100mm, cavity inner wall (2) wall thickness is not less than 100mm, the material of bulkhead adopts concrete, steel, masonry, and the distance between cavity inner wall (2) and the outer wall (3) is more than or equal to 400mm.
3. underground granary as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that the outer wall (3) of described bulkhead wraps one deck steel plate.
4. underground granary as claimed in claim 3, the thickness that it is characterized in that described steel plate are more than or equal to 2mm, and outer wall (3) is connected to form integral body with steel plate with the steel member.
5. underground granary as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described Cang Ding (1) is connected with pillar (6) with (5) at the bottom of the storehouse.
6. underground granary as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described Cang Ding adopts concrete-armor Plate; Earthing (8) is arranged at Cang Ding (1) top.
7. underground granary as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that (5) encased steel plate at the bottom of the described underground granary storehouse.
8. underground granary as claimed in claim 7, the thickness that it is characterized in that described steel plate are more than or equal to 2mm, and (5) are connected to form integral body with steel plate with the steel member at the bottom of the storehouse.
9. underground granary as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described Cang Ding (1) is fixed with multiple spot loading equipment (9), (10) and the equipment of putting out cereal (9), (11); Described Cang Ding (1) is provided with grain port (7).
CN200910207154A 2009-10-29 2009-10-29 Underground barn with cavity barn wall Pending CN101709603A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200910207154A CN101709603A (en) 2009-10-29 2009-10-29 Underground barn with cavity barn wall

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200910207154A CN101709603A (en) 2009-10-29 2009-10-29 Underground barn with cavity barn wall

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101709603A true CN101709603A (en) 2010-05-19

Family

ID=42402409

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN200910207154A Pending CN101709603A (en) 2009-10-29 2009-10-29 Underground barn with cavity barn wall

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN101709603A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102287068A (en) * 2011-06-23 2011-12-21 蔡天印 Underground bionic honeycomb granary
CN106088758A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-11-09 河南工业大学 A kind of double-deck assembled underground granary
CN108222573A (en) * 2017-12-21 2018-06-29 浙江理工大学 A kind of farmland underground storage space and assembled method of construction

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102287068A (en) * 2011-06-23 2011-12-21 蔡天印 Underground bionic honeycomb granary
CN106088758A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-11-09 河南工业大学 A kind of double-deck assembled underground granary
CN108222573A (en) * 2017-12-21 2018-06-29 浙江理工大学 A kind of farmland underground storage space and assembled method of construction
CN108222573B (en) * 2017-12-21 2019-11-29 浙江理工大学 A kind of farmland underground storage space and assembled method of construction

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Application publication date: 20100519

C12 Rejection of a patent application after its publication