CN106088760B - The equal prefabricated assembled round underground granary of steel plated inside and outside a kind of insertion slot type - Google Patents

The equal prefabricated assembled round underground granary of steel plated inside and outside a kind of insertion slot type Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106088760B
CN106088760B CN201610525883.7A CN201610525883A CN106088760B CN 106088760 B CN106088760 B CN 106088760B CN 201610525883 A CN201610525883 A CN 201610525883A CN 106088760 B CN106088760 B CN 106088760B
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Prior art keywords
bulkhead plate
plate
prefabricated bulkhead
prefabricated
function
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CN106088760A (en
Inventor
王振清
张昊
刘海燕
丁永刚
尹淑君
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Zhengzhou Ditian Grain Tank Factory Technology Co., Ltd.
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Henan University of Technology
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H7/00Construction or assembling of bulk storage containers employing civil engineering techniques in situ or off the site
    • E04H7/22Containers for fluent solids, e.g. silos, bunkers; Supports therefor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D17/00Excavations; Bordering of excavations; Making embankments
    • E02D17/02Foundation pits
    • E02D17/04Bordering surfacing or stiffening the sides of foundation pits
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H7/00Construction or assembling of bulk storage containers employing civil engineering techniques in situ or off the site
    • E04H7/22Containers for fluent solids, e.g. silos, bunkers; Supports therefor
    • E04H7/24Constructions, with or without perforated walls, depending on the use of specified materials
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/51Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture specially adapted for storing agricultural or horticultural products

Abstract

The equal prefabricated assembled round underground granary of steel plated inside and outside a kind of insertion slot type, including orlop, prefabricated bulkhead plate, silo roof, multiple function, the prefabricated bulkhead plate is arc prefabricated chunk, there is attachment device on periphery, can be attached with contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate, multiple function by the prefabricated bulkhead plate of attachment device;The multiple function positions prefabricated bulkhead plate, and the depth anchored into soil is greater than orlop depth, is subject to soil pressure, grain lateral pressure and the main bearing member for resisting buoyancy;It is characterized in that:The prefabricated bulkhead plate medial and lateral and left and right end are surrounded by steel plate, and left end is equipped with that male is trapezoidal or half elliptic plug, and right end is equipped with that female is trapezoidal or half elliptic slot;The multiple function is divided into several sections from top to bottom, it is equipped with the prefabricated bulkhead plate of first layer on the inside of the first segment of top layer, the prefabricated bulkhead plate of the second layer is equipped on the inside of second segment, with above-mentioned set-up mode, until bottom one layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate, round assembled underground granary structure is formed.

Description

The equal prefabricated assembled round underground granary of steel plated inside and outside a kind of insertion slot type
Technical field
The present invention relates to underground granary technical fields, and in particular to the equal prefabricated assembled circle of steel plated inside and outside a kind of insertion slot type Shape underground granary.
Background technique
Underground granary is built under shallow layer surface, long-term low-temperature grain-storage, is kept grain quality, is inhibited insect pest, avoids It is stifling using toxic agents, corollary failure and dual-purpose equal many merits of drawing are resisted, many experts are consistent with scholar to think reasonable Underground grain storehouse new system and new technology are promoted and applied, can be realized low-temperature environment-friendly, energy conservation saves land, detraction of guaranteeing the quality, ecological grain storage.
The existing underground granary in China generally in the lower general loess of level of ground water and is suitble to being stained with property regional, such as cave dwelling Storehouse, loudspeaker storehouse, double curvature arch storehouse, semi-underground bin, hole shape loudspeaker storehouse;Underground bin built simultaneously is mostly brickwork construction, and capacity is small, accounts for Ground area is big, mechanization degree is low.
It is useful in the Novel underground silo that level of ground water is higher, complex geological condition region can promote and apply in order to build, Some national patents and document also proposed circular grain bin, the large space Underground Rectangular that cylinder, semicircular cylinder surround, and combined type is enclosed in stake The storehouses such as underground bin type, but the popularization and application of above-mentioned new storehouse type, there is also some urgent problems to be solved, such as:(1) underground grain storage Storehouse has high standard waterproof, moisture-proof requirement.Ensure that warehouse is water-tight within service life, it is impermeable;The web material of use is easy Aging, working procedure is complicated, and difficulty is big, is easy to appear construction quality problem.(2) the wet construction environment construction period of deep basal pit It is long.After excavation of foundation pit, precipitation, orlop plate is cast-in-place, bulkhead slding form operation needs to carry out in wet construction environmental condition for a long time, and labour is strong Big, long construction period is spent, construction cost is high.(3) pattern foundation pit supporting structure is costly.For such deep basal pit, " piling bar+waist rail+water shutoff steel Plate " pattern foundation pit supporting structure is relatively inexpensive mode, but expense accounts for the 25-30% of civil engineering construction cost, and construction cost is higher.
Application No. is a kind of underground granary of the disclosure of the invention of CN200910207155.1, including silo roof, bulkhead and orlop, The bulkhead Covered with Angles, steel plate can waterproof separately as bulkhead, damp-proof layer, also can bulkhead and steel plate connected to be formed with steel member The bulkhead of composite structure carrys out waterproof, moisture-proof.The shape of underground granary bulkhead be linear or curved shape, such as cylindrical shape, square tube shape, Semicircle bulkhead etc..The invention solves the problems, such as the waterproof and dampproof of orlop plate by encased steel plate.It constructs simultaneously in orlop When, steel plate accelerates speed of application as template, reduces construction cost, but its construction is constructed for cast in situs, and the construction The deficiencies of method needs to carry out excavation of foundation pit, and it is at high cost to there is integral constructing in this way, long construction period.
Application No. is a kind of underground granary of the disclosure of the invention of CN200910207154.7, including silo roof, bulkhead and orlop, The bulkhead is divided into inner and outer wall, is linked to be entirety using connector between inner wall and outer wall, forms cavity between inner wall and outer wall, The cavity is used for the detection and reparation of underground granary leak, and for underground granary ventilation and the detection of grain feelings.The invention silo It is also required to excavation of foundation pit, there is the deficiencies of high construction trouble, construction cost, long construction period.
Prefabricated construction is one of the effective way for realizing building structure industrialization and building energy conservation section row, for a long time with Come, concrete construction mainly uses the traditional work mode of site operation, and industrialization degree is low, water consume, energy consumption, artificial rubbish, Quantity of wastewater effluent is big, does not meet the Sustainable development policies of national energy-saving and environmental protection.It, can be pre- with factory using fabricated construction System, assembled in situ realize building structure industrialization, while can effectively improve material in the effect of building energy conservation and structural behaviour Rate, energy saving and resource, reduce the adverse effect of building waste and environment, reduce construction site limitation etc..Therefore, in order to mention For it is a kind of " it is fast, good, save " the new storehouse type of underground grain storage, research and develop prefabricated assembled Novel underground storehouse have become it is required.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of prefabricated assembled round underground granaries of steel plated equal inside and outside insertion slot type, this is pre- The interior encased steel plate of assembled underground granary processed can replace waterproof roll, have preferable waterproof, anti-seepage effect and comprehensive benefit; Prefabricated bulkhead plate can be produced in prefabricated components factory normalization, and processing and manufacturing quality not only can be effectively controlled but also energy conservation and environmental protection, prefabricated Finished product on-site assembly, mechanization installation, can crossed construction, shorten the construction period.In addition, prefabricated warehouse structure can be used as base Support system is cheated, pattern foundation pit supporting structure cost is saved, reduces construction investment.
Solution of the invention is:A kind of prefabricated assembled underground granary, including it is orlop, prefabricated bulkhead plate, silo roof, more Functional column, the prefabricated bulkhead plate are arc prefabricated chunk, and there is attachment device on periphery, passes through the prefabricated bulkhead plate energy of attachment device It is attached with contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate, multiple function;The multiple function positions prefabricated bulkhead plate, anchors into soil Depth be greater than orlop depth, be subject to soil pressure, grain lateral pressure and resist buoyancy main bearing member;Its feature exists In:The prefabricated bulkhead plate medial and lateral and left and right end are surrounded by steel plate, and left end is trapezoidal equipped with male or half elliptic is inserted Head, right end are equipped with that female is trapezoidal or half elliptic slot;The multiple function is divided into several sections from top to bottom, the first segment of top layer Inside is equipped with the prefabricated bulkhead plate of first layer, and the prefabricated bulkhead plate of the second layer is equipped on the inside of second segment, with above-mentioned set-up mode, until Bottom one layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate forms round assembled underground granary structure.
It is of the invention to be further characterized in that the prefabricated bulkhead plate multiple function using steel column or the coagulation equipped with steel embedded part Soil, multiple function are equipped with positioning steel member.Multiple function using steel column or equipped with steel embedded part can make contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate with Multiple function is easily welded;It is accurately fixed that the positioning steel member of multiple function can be carried out when prefabricated bulkhead plate is installed Position, while fixed function is provided before prefabricated bulkhead plate and multiple function welding.
Of the invention to be further characterized in that the prefabricated bulkhead plate is circumferential horizontal concordant, the male of every block of prefabricated bulkhead plate is trapezoidal Half elliptic plug be inserted into that contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate female is trapezoidal or half elliptic slot in;Every block of prefabricated bulkhead plate and more function Energy column is welded to connect, and the perps on the inside of contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate, which directlys adopt butt welding connection and/or welded with junction steel plate, to be connected It connects.Firstly, by being welded on the outside of the left and right end of first block of prefabricated bulkhead plate with multiple function or reinforcing prop, then, by its right side phase The left end male of adjacent prefabricated bulkhead plate is trapezoidal or half elliptic plug be inserted into contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate female is trapezoidal or semiellipse It in shape slot and is welded to connect, right end female is trapezoidal or half elliptic slot is welded with multiple function or reinforcing prop, according to above-mentioned Welding method is successively installed, the installation until completing this layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate.Can not only make so prefabricated bulkhead plate with Multiple function or reinforcing prop form the common stress of overall structure, and prefabricated bulkhead plate can be made by being welded on circumferential formation one A closing is integrally effectively carried out waterproof, moisture-proof, antiseepage;In addition, the connection type of contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate insertion slot type makes Joint form and construction are simpler, to accelerate speed of application, greatly shorten construction period.
It is of the invention to be further characterized in that prefabricated bulkhead plate is that inside steel plate, outside plate and concrete between them are hardened Whole structure is synthesized, inside steel plate, outside plate and the concrete between them are connected using holdfast, in prefabricated bulkhead plate Upper and lower end is equipped with cornerite.In this way, the interior encased steel plate of prefabricated bulkhead plate can replace reinforcing bar in waterproof roll and bulkhead, have compared with Good waterproof, anti-seepage effect and comprehensive benefit;Steel plate and concrete connect that form steel plate concrete composite structure pre- using holdfast Bulkhead plate processed, it not only avoid bulkhead reinforcing bar binding hard work, save bulkhead Production Time, reduce labour at This, and reduce for pouring ordinary reinforced concrete structure template used quantity and expense;In addition, prefabricated bulkhead plate can It being produced in prefabricated components factory normalization, processing and manufacturing quality not only can be effectively controlled but also energy conservation and environmental protection, Prefabricated on-site assembly, Mechanization installation, can crossed construction, shorten the construction period;Finally, the prefabricated bulkhead plate of composite structure has bearing capacity high, anti- The advantages that fragility can be good, energy dissipation capacity is strong, ductility is good.It is equipped with cornerite in the upper and lower end of prefabricated bulkhead plate, facilitates prefabricated bulkhead plate It is welded to connect with contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate around and multiple function or reinforcing prop.
It is of the invention to be further characterized in that the vertical outside of the prefabricated bulkhead plate is concordant, neighbouring prefabricated storehouse wall panels end Inside and outside two sides are welded to connect with junction steel plate;Poured in the cavity that contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate and junction steel plate surround in advance Bulkhead plate processed is identical or the water-proof concrete of high strongest grade.The grain of soil pressure greatly in the inner on the outside of underground bin is to storehouse The lateral pressure of wall, so underground bin is only worst by the force status of soil pressure when hole capital after selling all securities in the design of bulkhead structure, And actually, along bulkhead, the soil body is gradually increased the pressure of bulkhead from top to bottom, and therefore, the thickness of every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate should Carrying out variable cross-section design according to bulkhead loading characteristic could more rationally, and bulkhead expenditure of construction could be more economical.Prefabricated bulkhead plate Vertical outside is concordant, can both make every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate be easier to weld and position with multiple function, inside can also basis Actual loading situation could be adjusted to meet reasonable variable cross-section design requirement.Neighbouring prefabricated storehouse wall panels end inside and outside two Side is welded to connect with junction steel plate, and water-proof concrete is poured between them, on the one hand can be met so neighbouring prefabricated The Structural Design Requirement of plate connecting node, while inside and outside steel plate provides two for the waterproof of prefabricated bulkhead plate lap-joint and reliably prevents Water measure.
It is of the invention to be further characterized in that the vertical outside of the prefabricated bulkhead plate is concordant, on the inside of neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate Horizontal joint directlys adopt butt welding connection and/or is welded to connect with junction steel plate.In this way, in neighbouring prefabricated storehouse wall panels end The butt welding of side and/or junction steel plate make the prefabricated bulkhead plate of upper and lower level form an overall structure, while on prefabricated bulkhead plate Steel plate is vertically forming a closed waterproof measure.
It is of the invention to be further characterized in that the prefabricated bulkhead plate is inside steel plate, outside plate and the concrete between them The whole structure of hardened synthesis, inside steel plate, outside plate and the concrete between them are connected using holdfast, and upper end is equipped with convex Formula is trapezoidal or half elliptic plug, and lower end is equipped with that female is trapezoidal or half elliptic slot.In this way, the interior Covered with Angles of prefabricated bulkhead plate Plate can replace reinforcing bar in waterproof roll and prefabricated bulkhead plate, have preferable waterproof, anti-seepage effect and comprehensive benefit;Steel plate and mixed Solidifying soil connects to form the prefabricated bulkhead plate of steel plate concrete composite structure using holdfast, it not only avoids prefabricated bulkhead slab muscle and ties up The hard work of bundle saves prefabricated bulkhead plate Production Time, reduces labor cost, and reduces common for pouring Reinforced concrete structure template used quantity and expense;In addition, prefabricated bulkhead plate can be produced in prefabricated components factory normalization, Processing and manufacturing quality not only can be effectively controlled but also energy conservation and environmental protection, Prefabricated on-site assembly, mechanization installation can intersect and apply Work shortens the construction period;Finally, the prefabricated bulkhead plate of composite structure has, bearing capacity is high, cracking resistance is good, energy dissipation capacity is strong, prolongs The advantages that property is good.It is equipped with that male is trapezoidal or half elliptic plug in prefabricated bulkhead plate upper end, lower end is equipped with that female is trapezoidal or half is ellipse Circular socket facilitates the positioning and connection of prefabricated bulkhead plate Yu the contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate of surrounding.
It is of the invention to be further characterized in that the vertical outside of the prefabricated bulkhead plate is concordant, the male of every piece of prefabricated bulkhead plate lower end Trapezoidal or half elliptic plug be inserted into contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate upper end female is trapezoidal or half elliptic slot in;It is neighbouring pre- Horizontal joint on the inside of bulkhead plate processed directlys adopt butt welding connection and/or is welded to connect with junction steel plate.Every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate The male of lower end is trapezoidal or half elliptic plug can provide positioning and connection function when bulkhead plate installation prefabricated for adjacent lower, The female of lower layer's prefabricated bulkhead plate upper end is trapezoidal or semiellipse type slot can play the relative displacement for constraining radial direction, resists section The shearing of point junction.
It is of the invention to be further characterized in that orlop using two-sided steel plate concrete composite structure, on bottom plate lower steel plate and its between Concrete using holdfast connect.This two-sided composite structure bulkhead light plate as orlop plate template and replace reinforcing bar, section The operating expenses for saving bulkhead reduces the difficulty of construction of bulkhead, accelerates integral construction speed;Double-layer plate concrete combined structure mentions The high stiffness and strength of bulkhead, are effective against soil pressure and pressure, are conducive to underground bin and send out to deeper bigger direction , the scope of application of the storehouse type is increased, and be more advantageous to the waterproof and dampproof problem of silo.
It is of the invention to be further characterized in that silo roof using concrete-armor Plate.In this way, above structure gives full play to The resistance to compression of concrete and the tensile capacity of steel plate keep large span Hold Ceiling structure stress more reasonable, and can use when construction Steel plate significantly reduces difficulty of construction as template, while can also accelerate speed of application.
The present invention is characterized in that multiple function and reinforcing prop use section form for straight line or the open tubular column or reality of curve Stem.
The present invention is characterized in that construction method includes the following steps:(1) according to design requirement in predetermined position by more function Certain depth is driven underground in energy column;(2) it is surrounded in multiple function and excavates first layer soil in region;(3) after excavating first layer soil, The prefabricated bulkhead plate of first layer is installed on the inside of multiple function;(4) after installing the prefabricated bulkhead plate of first layer, continuation excavates the down Two layers of soil;(5) the prefabricated bulkhead plate of the second layer is installed on the inside of multiple function;(6) according to the construction party of above-mentioned (4)-(5) step Method successively installs downwards prefabricated bulkhead plate, until orlop position;(7) orlop construction is carried out;(8) Hold Ceiling and beam are finally carried out Construction, that is, complete underground granary overall structure.Depth is driven underground according to foundation bearing capacity, buoyancy, bulkhead in multiple function Depending on soil pressure, grain lateral pressure many factors are comprehensive, when foundation bearing capacity is not able to satisfy engine request, multiple function at this time It can replace the vertical pressure that pile is transmitted by silo;In addition, multiple function, which also can replace uplift pile, resists underground water to cylinder The buoyancy in storehouse;Multiple function can vertically position prefabricated bulkhead plate with circumferential direction, guarantee that every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate vertically hangs down Directly, circumferential to form an annulus, to keep stress more reasonable;After completing multiple function construction, along height score from top to bottom Layer is installed;When installing every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate, height is excavated first and is greater than or equal to prefabricated bulkhead plate height, diameter is big In or equal to warehouse overall diameter space, while guaranteeing that the soil body does not cave in digging process, prefabricated bulkhead plate could be given in this way Installation guarantees that prefabricated bulkhead plate construction safety is gone on smoothly there are construction space;When cutting depth is below level of ground water, Precipitation is first carried out, is then excavated;After installing every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate, between bulkhead surrounding soil and prefabricated bulkhead plate Slip casting guarantees when excavating next layer soil body, this layer in this way, the soil body, slurry and prefabricated bulkhead plate form a closely knit entirety The soil body does not cave in, to guarantee safety when subsoil excavates.When every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate circumferential direction installation, firstly, by first piece It is welded on the outside of the left and right end of prefabricated bulkhead plate with multiple function, then, by the left end male ladder of its contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate in right side Shape or half elliptic plug be inserted into contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate female is trapezoidal or half elliptic slot in and be welded to connect, right end is recessed Formula is trapezoidal or half elliptic slot is welded with multiple function, is successively installed according to above-mentioned welding method, until completing the layer The installation of prefabricated bulkhead plate.The adjacent vertical outside of prefabricated bulkhead plate up and down is concordant, and connection type is as follows:(1) when prefabricated bulkhead Plate top, below when having cornerite, the neighbouring prefabricated inside and outside two sides of storehouse wall panels end are welded to connect with junction steel plate;In phase The waterproof of strongest grade identical or high with prefabricated bulkhead plate is poured in the cavity that adjacent prefabricated bulkhead plate and junction steel plate surround Concrete.(2) when prefabricated bulkhead plate top, having cornerite below, the horizontal joint on the inside of neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate is directly adopted It is connected with butt welding and/or is welded to connect with junction steel plate.(3) when prefabricated bulkhead plate lower end is equipped with, male is trapezoidal or half elliptic When plug, upper end are equipped with that female is trapezoidal or half elliptic slot, the male of every piece of prefabricated bulkhead plate lower end is trapezoidal or half elliptic Plug be inserted into contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate upper end female is trapezoidal or half elliptic slot in;On the inside of neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate Horizontal joint directlys adopt butt welding connection and/or is welded to connect with junction steel plate.By above-mentioned construction method, successively open from top to bottom Excavator body and the prefabricated bulkhead plate of installation, the cylinder warehouse structure that every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate is formed can be used as foundation pit supporting system, this Silo warehouse structure is combined into one by sample with foundation pit supporting system well, has not only saved independent progress pattern foundation pit supporting structure institute band The cost come, substantially reduces construction investment, and substantially reduce the construction period of entire engineering.
Detailed description of the invention
First, second and third kind of underground bin floor plan of Fig. 1
First, second and third kind of underground bin section layout drawing of Fig. 2
The prefabricated bulkhead plate schematic cross-section of first and second kind of monolithic of Fig. 3
The prefabricated bulkhead plate schematic cross-section of the third monolithic of Fig. 4
The first bulkhead node schematic diagram of Fig. 5
Second of bulkhead node schematic diagram of Fig. 6
The third bulkhead node schematic diagram of Fig. 7
In attached drawing:1 is multiple function;2 be prefabricated bulkhead plate;3 be silo roof;4 be orlop;6 be grain port;7 be earthing; 8 be outside plate;9 be inside steel plate;10 be water-proof concrete.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment one
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 4, Fig. 5:It is prefabricated assembled to present embodiments provide steel plated inside and outside a kind of insertion slot type Round underground granary.Including orlop 4, prefabricated bulkhead plate 2, silo roof 3, multiple function 1, the prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 is that arc is pre- There is attachment device on making sheet block, periphery, by the prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 of attachment device can with contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate 2, multiple function 1 into Row connection;The multiple function 1 positions prefabricated bulkhead plate.Prefabricated 2 medial and lateral of bulkhead plate and left and right end are equal It is surrounded by steel plate, and left end is equipped with that male is trapezoidal or half elliptic plug, right end is equipped with that female is trapezoidal or half half elliptic slot;Institute It states multiple function 1 and is divided into several sections from top to bottom, be equipped with the prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 of first layer on the inside of the first segment of top layer, in second segment Side is equipped with the prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 of the second layer, forms round dress until bottom one layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 with above-mentioned set-up mode With formula underground granary structure.
The prefabricated bulkhead plate 2, multiple function 1 use steel column or the concrete equipped with steel embedded part.
The prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 is circumferential horizontal concordant, and the male of every block of prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 is trapezoidal or half elliptic plug is inserted Enter that contiguous prefabricated 2 female of bulkhead plate is trapezoidal or half elliptic slot in;Every block of prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 is welded to connect with multiple function 1, The perps of contiguous prefabricated 2 inside of bulkhead plate directlys adopt butt welding connection and/or is welded to connect with junction steel plate.
The prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 is inside steel plate 8, outside plate 9 and the concrete slab between them in conjunction with integral Structure, inside steel plate 8, outside plate 9 and the concrete between them are connected using holdfast, in the upper and lower end of prefabricated bulkhead plate Equipped with cornerite.
The vertical outside of the prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 is concordant, and the inside and outside two sides in neighbouring prefabricated 2 end of bulkhead plate are with connection Steel plate is welded to connect;It is poured in the cavity that contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 and junction steel plate surround identical or high as prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 The water-proof concrete of strongest grade.
Embodiment two
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 4, Fig. 6:It is prefabricated assembled to present embodiments provide steel plated inside and outside a kind of insertion slot type Round underground granary.Including orlop 4, prefabricated bulkhead plate 2, silo roof 3, multiple function 1, the prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 is that arc is pre- There is attachment device on making sheet block, periphery, by the prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 of attachment device can with contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate 2, multiple function 1 into Row connection;The multiple function 1 positions prefabricated bulkhead plate.Prefabricated 2 medial and lateral of bulkhead plate and left and right end are equal It is surrounded by steel plate, and left end is equipped with that male is trapezoidal or half elliptic plug, right end is equipped with that female is trapezoidal or half elliptic slot;It is described Multiple function 1 is divided into several sections from top to bottom, and the prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 of first layer, second segment inside are equipped on the inside of the first segment of top layer Equipped with the prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 of the second layer, round assembly is formed until bottom one layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 with above-mentioned set-up mode Formula underground granary structure.
The prefabricated bulkhead plate 2, multiple function 1 use steel column or the concrete equipped with steel embedded part.
The prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 is circumferential horizontal concordant, and the male of every block of prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 is trapezoidal or half elliptic plug is inserted Enter that contiguous prefabricated 2 female of bulkhead plate is trapezoidal or half elliptic slot in;Every block of prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 is welded to connect with multiple function 1, The perps of contiguous prefabricated 2 inside of bulkhead plate directlys adopt butt welding connection and/or is welded to connect with junction steel plate.
The prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 is inside steel plate 8, outside plate 9 and the concrete slab between them in conjunction with integral Structure, inside steel plate 8, outside plate 9 and the concrete between them are connected using holdfast, in the upper and lower end of prefabricated bulkhead plate Equipped with cornerite.
The vertical outside of the prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 is concordant, and the horizontal joint of neighbouring prefabricated 2 inside of bulkhead plate directlys adopt pair It connects weldering connection and/or is welded to connect with junction steel plate.
Embodiment three
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 4, Fig. 6:It is prefabricated assembled to present embodiments provide steel plated inside and outside a kind of insertion slot type Round underground granary.Including orlop 4, prefabricated bulkhead plate 2, silo roof 3, multiple function 1, the prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 is that arc is pre- There is attachment device on making sheet block, periphery, by the prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 of attachment device can with contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate 2, multiple function 1 into Row connection;The multiple function 1 positions prefabricated bulkhead plate.Prefabricated 2 medial and lateral of bulkhead plate and left and right end are equal It is surrounded by steel plate, and left end is equipped with that male is trapezoidal or half elliptic plug, right end is equipped with that female is trapezoidal or half elliptic slot;It is described Multiple function 1 is divided into several sections from top to bottom, and the prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 of first layer, second segment inside are equipped on the inside of the first segment of top layer Equipped with the prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 of the second layer, round assembly is formed until bottom one layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 with above-mentioned set-up mode Formula underground granary structure.
The prefabricated bulkhead plate 2, multiple function 1 use steel column or the concrete equipped with steel embedded part.
The prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 is circumferential horizontal concordant, and the male of every block of prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 is trapezoidal or half elliptic plug is inserted Enter that contiguous prefabricated 2 female of bulkhead plate is trapezoidal or half elliptic slot in;Every block of prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 is welded to connect with multiple function 1, The perps of contiguous prefabricated 2 inside of bulkhead plate directlys adopt butt welding connection and/or is welded to connect with junction steel plate.
The prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 is inside steel plate 8, outside plate 9 and the concrete slab between them in conjunction with integral Structure, inside steel plate 8, outside plate 9 and the concrete between them are connected using holdfast, and lower end is trapezoidal equipped with male or half is ellipse Circular plug, upper end are equipped with that female is trapezoidal or half elliptic slot.
The vertical outside of the prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 is concordant, and the male of every piece of prefabricated 2 lower end of bulkhead plate is trapezoidal or half elliptic is inserted Head be inserted into contiguous prefabricated 2 upper end of bulkhead plate female is trapezoidal or half elliptic slot in;Neighbouring 2 inside of prefabricated bulkhead plate Horizontal joint directlys adopt butt welding connection and/or is welded to connect with junction steel plate.
Example IV
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2:It present embodiments provides under steel plated is prefabricated assembled circularly inside and outside a kind of insertion slot type Silo.Including orlop 4, prefabricated bulkhead plate 2, silo roof 3, multiple function 1, the prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 is arc prefabricated chunk, week While there is attachment device, can be attached with contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate 2, multiple function 1 by the prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 of attachment device;Institute Multiple function 1 is stated to position prefabricated bulkhead plate.Prefabricated 2 medial and lateral of bulkhead plate and left and right end are surrounded by steel plate, And left end is equipped with that male is trapezoidal or half elliptic plug, right end is equipped with that female is trapezoidal or half elliptic slot;The multiple function 1 It is divided into several sections from top to bottom, the prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 of first layer is equipped on the inside of the first segment of top layer, is equipped with the second layer on the inside of second segment Prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 forms round assembled underground granary until bottom one layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 with above-mentioned set-up mode Structure.
The orlop 4 is pyramidal structure, and the orlop 4 uses two-sided steel plate concrete composite structure.This steel plate coagulation Native composite structure light plate as orlop plate template and replace reinforcing bar, do not need construction when be laid with reinforcing bar, save bulkhead Operating expenses reduces the difficulty of construction of orlop, accelerates integral construction speed;Double-layer plate concrete combined structure improves bulkhead Stiffness and strength, be effective against soil pressure and pressure, be conducive to underground granary and develop to deeper bigger direction, increase The scope of application of the storehouse type, and it is more advantageous to the waterproof and dampproof problem of silo.
The silo roof 3 uses two-sided steel plate concrete composite structure, and grain port 6, the silo roof 3 is arranged in the silo roof 3 Earthing 7 is arranged in top.Two-sided steel plate concrete composite structure structure has given full play to the resistance to compression of concrete and the tension energy of steel plate Power keeps large span Hold Ceiling structure stress more reasonable, and steel plate can be used as template when construction, significantly reduces and applies Work difficulty, while speed of application can also be accelerated.Grain port setting modernization disengaging grain equipment, convenient for grain storage and mention It takes.
The storage of solid granulates, powder material or liquid material may be implemented in the underground granary.Underground granary sealing Property and supportive it is fine, the storage to powder, liquid material also may be implemented, cooperate different charging and discharging equipment, apply It is very extensive.
Embodiment five
The present embodiment additionally provides inside and outside a kind of insertion slot type the construction party of the prefabricated assembled round underground granary of steel plated Method includes the following steps:
1) multiple function 1 is driven underground in predetermined position by certain depth according to design requirement;
2) it is surrounded in multiple function 1 and excavates first layer soil in region;
3) after excavating first layer soil, the prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 of first layer is installed on the inside of multiple function 1;
4) after installing the prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 of first layer, second layer soil is excavated in continuation down;
5) the prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 of the second layer is installed on the inside of multiple function 1;
6) according to above-mentioned 4) -5) construction method of step, prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 is successively installed downwards, until 4 position of orlop;
7) orlop 4 is carried out to construct;
8) it finally carries out silo roof 3 to construct, that is, completes the overall structure of underground granary.
Depth is driven underground according to foundation bearing capacity, buoyancy, bulkhead soil pressure, grain lateral pressure many factors in multiple function Depending on synthesis, when foundation bearing capacity is not able to satisfy engine request, multiple function can replace what pile was transmitted by silo at this time Vertical pressure;In addition, multiple function, which also can replace uplift pile, resists underground water to the buoyancy of silo;Multiple function can be to prefabricated Bulkhead plate is vertically positioned with circumferential direction, guarantees every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate vertical vertical, circumferential direction one annulus of formation, to make Stress is more reasonable;After completing multiple function construction, along height, fractional layer is installed from top to bottom;Every layer of prefabricated storehouse is being installed When siding, height is excavated first and is greater than or equal to prefabricated bulkhead plate height, diameter is greater than or equal to the space of warehouse overall diameter, together When guarantee that the soil body does not cave in digging process, prefabricated bulkhead plate could be given to install in this way, and there are construction spaces, guarantee prefabricated storehouse Siding construction safety is gone on smoothly;When cutting depth is below level of ground water, precipitation is first carried out, is then excavated;Peace After installing every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate, the slip casting between bulkhead surrounding soil and prefabricated bulkhead plate, in this way, the soil body, slurry and prefabricated Bulkhead plate forms a closely knit entirety, guarantees that this layer soil body does not cave in when excavating next layer soil body, to guarantee subsoil Safety when excavation.When every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate circumferential direction installation, firstly, by the outside of the left and right end of first block of prefabricated bulkhead plate and more Functional column welding, it is then, the left end male of its contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate in right side is trapezoidal or the insertion of half elliptic plug is adjacent pre- The female of bulkhead plate processed is trapezoidal or half elliptic slot in and be welded to connect, right end female is trapezoidal or half elliptic slot and more function Energy column welding, is successively installed, the installation until completing this layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate according to above-mentioned welding method.It is adjacent pre- up and down The vertical outside of bulkhead plate processed is concordant, and connection type is as follows:A, neighbouring when prefabricated bulkhead plate top, having cornerite below The prefabricated inside and outside two sides of storehouse wall panels end are welded to connect with junction steel plate;It is surrounded in contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate and junction steel plate The water-proof concrete of strongest grade identical or high with prefabricated bulkhead plate is poured in cavity.B, when prefabricated bulkhead plate top, under While the horizontal joint on the inside of neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate directlys adopt butt welding connection and/or is welded with junction steel plate when having cornerite It connects in succession.C, when prefabricated bulkhead plate lower end is equipped with, male is trapezoidal or half elliptic plug, and upper end is equipped with that female is trapezoidal or semiellipse When shape slot, the male of every piece of prefabricated bulkhead plate lower end is trapezoidal or half elliptic plug is inserted into the recessed of contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate upper end Formula is trapezoidal or half elliptic slot in;Horizontal joint on the inside of neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate directly adopt butt welding connection and/or It is welded to connect with junction steel plate.By above-mentioned construction method, the soil body is successively excavated from top to bottom and prefabricated bulkhead plate is installed, every layer pre- The cylinder warehouse structure that bulkhead plate processed is formed can be used as foundation pit supporting system, in this way, well by silo warehouse structure and foundation pit Support system is combined into one, and has not only been saved cost brought by independent progress pattern foundation pit supporting structure, has been substantially reduced construction investment, and Substantially reduce the construction period of entire engineering.
Embodiment six
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2:It present embodiments provides under steel plated is prefabricated assembled circularly inside and outside a kind of insertion slot type Silo.Including orlop 4, prefabricated bulkhead plate 2, silo roof 3, multiple function 1, the prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 is arc prefabricated chunk, week While there is attachment device, can be attached with contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate 2, multiple function 1 by the prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 of attachment device;Institute Multiple function 1 is stated to position prefabricated bulkhead plate.Prefabricated 2 medial and lateral of bulkhead plate and left and right end are surrounded by steel plate, And left end is equipped with that male is trapezoidal or half elliptic plug, right end is equipped with that female is trapezoidal or half elliptic slot;The multiple function 1 It is divided into several sections from top to bottom, the prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 of first layer is equipped on the inside of the first segment of top layer, is equipped with the second layer on the inside of second segment Prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 forms round assembled underground granary until bottom one layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 with above-mentioned set-up mode Structure.
Prefabricated 2 outer surface of bulkhead plate sprays mask coating, and the mask coating includes the material system of following parts by weight At:It is 115 parts of asphalt, 7 parts of glass fibre, 8 parts of bentonite, 6 parts of emulsifier, 1.5 parts of dispersing agent, 1.5 parts of stabilizer, organic 25 parts of fluorine richness styrene-acrylic emulsion, 2.5 parts of antifreeze.
The emulsifier uses hydrogenated tallow amine, and the dispersing agent uses glyceryl monostearate, and the stabilizer uses Sulfate,
The antifreeze uses ethylene glycol.
Embodiment seven
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2:It present embodiments provides under steel plated is prefabricated assembled circularly inside and outside a kind of insertion slot type Silo.Including orlop 4, prefabricated bulkhead plate 2, silo roof 3, multiple function 1, the prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 is arc prefabricated chunk, week While there is attachment device, can be attached with contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate 2, multiple function 1 by the prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 of attachment device;Institute Multiple function 1 is stated to position prefabricated bulkhead plate.Prefabricated 2 medial and lateral of bulkhead plate and left and right end are surrounded by steel plate, And left end is equipped with that male is trapezoidal or half elliptic plug, right end is equipped with that female is trapezoidal or half elliptic slot;The multiple function 1 It is divided into several sections from top to bottom, the prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 of first layer is equipped on the inside of the first segment of top layer, is equipped with the second layer on the inside of second segment Prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 forms round assembled underground granary until bottom one layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 with above-mentioned set-up mode Structure.
Prefabricated 2 outer surface of bulkhead plate sprays mask coating, and the mask coating includes the material system of following parts by weight At:It is 110 parts of asphalt, 10 parts of glass fibre, 9 parts of bentonite, 7.5 parts of emulsifier, 2 parts of dispersing agent, 2 parts of stabilizer, organic 30 parts of fluorine richness styrene-acrylic emulsion, 3 parts of antifreeze.
The emulsifier uses hydrogenated tallow amine, and the dispersing agent uses glyceryl monostearate, and the stabilizer uses Sulfate,
The antifreeze uses ethylene glycol.
Embodiment eight
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2:It present embodiments provides under steel plated is prefabricated assembled circularly inside and outside a kind of insertion slot type Silo.Including orlop 4, prefabricated bulkhead plate 2, silo roof 3, multiple function 1, the prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 is arc prefabricated chunk, week While there is attachment device, can be attached with contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate 2, multiple function 1 by the prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 of attachment device;Institute Multiple function 1 is stated to position prefabricated bulkhead plate.Prefabricated 2 medial and lateral of bulkhead plate and left and right end are surrounded by steel plate, And left end is equipped with that male is trapezoidal or half elliptic plug, right end is equipped with that female is trapezoidal or half elliptic slot;The multiple function 1 It is divided into several sections from top to bottom, the prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 of first layer is equipped on the inside of the first segment of top layer, is equipped with the second layer on the inside of second segment Prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 forms round assembled underground granary until bottom one layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate 2 with above-mentioned set-up mode Structure.
Prefabricated 2 outer surface of bulkhead plate sprays mask coating, and the mask coating includes the material system of following parts by weight At:105 parts of asphalt, 13 parts of glass fibre, 10 parts of bentonite, 9 parts of emulsifier, 2.5 parts of dispersing agent, 2.5 parts of stabilizer, have 35 parts of machine fluorine richness styrene-acrylic emulsion, 3.5 parts of antifreeze.
The emulsifier uses hydrogenated tallow amine, and the dispersing agent uses glyceryl monostearate, and the stabilizer uses Sulfate, the antifreeze use ethylene glycol.
Embodiment six to eight provides the dedicated mask coating in prefabricated bulkhead plate outer surface, to prefabricated bulkhead plate play protection, Corrosion-resistant effect, plays the role of antiseepage, sealing to bulkhead, can spray when prefabricated bulkhead plate is prefabricated or organize at the scene binning Sprayed when wall, fundamentally solve corner, gap, irregular structure junction leakage etc. technical problems, enhance underground The waterproof performance of silo.It joined glass fibre in mask coating, considerably increase the toughness and tensile strength of coating, delay The time of coating cracking, increase its service life, and also there is certain supporting role for bulkhead.The antifreezing agent of addition can To reduce damage of the low temperature to mask coating, the safe operation of cold district winter underground granary ensure that.
Finally, it is stated that the above examples are only used to illustrate the technical scheme of the present invention and are not limiting, this field is common Other modifications or equivalent replacement that technical staff makes technical solution of the present invention, without departing from technical solution of the present invention Spirit and scope, be intended to be within the scope of the claims of the invention.

Claims (8)

1. the prefabricated assembled round underground granary of equal steel plated inside and outside a kind of insertion slot type, including orlop (4), prefabricated bulkhead plate (2), Silo roof (3), multiple function (1), the prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) are arc prefabricated chunk, and there is attachment device on periphery, passes through connection The prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) of device can be attached with contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate (2), multiple function (1);The multiple function (1) is right Prefabricated bulkhead plate is positioned, and is anchored into depth in soil and is greater than orlop (4) depth, be subject to soil pressure, grain lateral pressure and Resist the main bearing member of buoyancy;It is characterized in that:Prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) medial and lateral and left and right end are surrounded by steel Plate, and left end is equipped with that male is trapezoidal or half elliptic plug, right end are equipped with that female is trapezoidal or half elliptic slot;The prefabricated storehouse Siding (2) is inside steel plate (8), outside plate (9) and the concrete slab between them combine integral structure, inside steel plate (8), outside plate (9) and concrete between them are connected using holdfast, the upper and lower end of prefabricated bulkhead plate be equipped with cornerite or Lower end is equipped with that male is trapezoidal or half elliptic plug, and upper end is equipped with that female is trapezoidal or half elliptic slot, to realize prefabricated bulkhead The connection of plate upper and lower end;The multiple function (1) is divided into several sections from top to bottom, is equipped with first layer on the inside of the first segment of top layer Prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) is equipped with the prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) of the second layer on the inside of second segment, with above-mentioned set-up mode, until bottom one The prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) of layer forms round assembled underground granary structure.
2. underground granary as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The prefabricated bulkhead plate (2), multiple function (1) are adopted With steel column or the concrete equipped with steel embedded part.
3. underground granary as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) is circumferential horizontal concordant, and every piece The male of prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) is trapezoidal or half elliptic plug is inserted into that contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) female is trapezoidal or half elliptic In slot;Every piece of prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) and multiple function (1) are welded to connect, and the perps on the inside of contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) is direct It is connected using butt welding and/or is welded to connect with junction steel plate.
4. underground granary as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The vertical outside of the prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) is concordant, up and down The inside and outside two sides in contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) end are welded to connect with junction steel plate;In contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) and connection The water-proof concrete of strongest grade identical or high with prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) is poured in the cavity that steel plate surrounds.
5. underground granary as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The vertical outside of the prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) is concordant, up and down Horizontal joint on the inside of contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) directlys adopt butt welding connection and/or is welded to connect with junction steel plate.
6. underground granary as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The vertical outside of the prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) is concordant, and every piece The male of prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) lower end is trapezoidal or half elliptic plug be inserted into contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) upper end female it is trapezoidal Or in half elliptic slot;Horizontal joint on the inside of neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) directly adopt butt welding connection and/or with company Connect steel plate welded connecting.
7. underground granary as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Orlop (4) uses two-sided steel plate concrete composite structure, Lower steel plate and the concrete between it are connected using holdfast on bottom plate.
8. a kind of construction method for building any one of the claims 1-7 underground granary, it is characterised in that:The construction method Include the following steps:
(1) multiple function (1) is driven underground in predetermined position by certain depth according to design requirement;
(2) it is surrounded in multiple function (1) and excavates first layer soil in region;
(3) after excavating first layer soil, the prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) of first layer is installed on the inside of multiple function (1);
(4) after installing the prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) of first layer, second layer soil is excavated in continuation down;
(5) the prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) of the second layer is installed on the inside of multiple function (1);
(6) according to the construction method of above-mentioned (4)-(5) step, prefabricated bulkhead plate (2) is successively installed downwards, until orlop (4) position It sets;
(7) orlop (4) construction is carried out;
(8) silo roof (3) construction is finally carried out, that is, completes the overall structure of underground granary.
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